Newspaper Page Text
ers' Union Bureau of
-Conducted by the
Oth Carolina FatImers' Educa
tional and Co-Operation Union.
WCommunications intended for this
department should be addressed to J. C'
Stribling, Pendleton, S. C.
In Soith Carolina we hlave had a
(leal sight of experience in organiz
ng farmers. The.old line of farmers'
Socilies-the Gt'ange, the Alliance
and Institute Clubs-have all come
an(l gone up in the smoke of time
like the burning down or the rotting
away of old buildings that have dis
appeared and better structures have
takei their places. So it is with the
Fariers Union. We have had a vast
amioiit of expbrience in farniers' or
ganizations and know that the Union
is buildiig up a structure upon a bet
ter plan and upon a firmer foundation
tlan all the other organizations that
have gone before.
We have learned many, vaulable
lessons in our mistakes heretofore,
and about all these mistakes can be
turned into good for the Union if
we manage- rightly.
We want to impress upon the
minds of each and every member of
the Farmers' Union that he is one
of the stones in the walls' of the cas
tie that the farmers are building, and
that the whole structure can be no
better than the material of wihich the
Union is composed. Let every mem
ber ask of himself the one question,
if every member- of our Union did
just as I am doing what solt of a
Union would we have?
And then when all Union men have
done this . comparative lesson let the
unorganized farmer ask himself this
same question, suppose all farmers
thought themselves too wise, too good
or too selfish to organize, what would
we have gotten for our two last crops
Ti reply to D. F. vigiin, president
(if Lodge 274 La. Union, and all
others wlio have recently called upon
our bureau for cheap plans of cot
ton warehouses, that just so soon as
we can get in answers from inquiries
sent out that our Union column will
publish in concentrated form about
all the information needed on the
All county unions should begin
now to inaugurate a regular Farm
ers' Union campaign in each county
to begin when farmers have layed by
rop. Let this campaign be one of
ed"ting the farmer along the busi
ness side. of his' farming interest.
Chief among these subjects is that as
tihe farmer is the greatest groducer
on earth hle is of course the biggest
seller on earth, and that he nieeds
clearing houses or warehouses to con
entrate his cotton and other im
perishable products in.
Before we go out into tihe mercan
tile or manufacturing husliness5 we
must first make good in our selling
business. Putting it plain, we mulst
manage our own farming business
first, and when we have completed
this great work of controlling our
selves then we can begin to think
about controlling others.
Local Union, No. 112 of Leak coun
ty, Miss., Union, Mr. E. B. Sasbee,
Secretary, informs our bureau that
many locals have recommended the
secret business bureau as set forth by
tihe National Committee.
Fifteen deter-mined, resol utec farm
er's1 fily local Union Lodge caln
build a good oneC-sectionl cottlon ware
house if they will come together with
tihe conviction that this thing mullst
b)e done for their mutual protection.
If tile actual cash to pay for' all
this wiarehouse cannot he raised by
the true co-opera t ive spiriit ann
tile local Lodge and thue membel)rs have
them that all Union farmers should
have, there is nothing inl the way of
them clubbing together and making
their own concrete blocks and put
ting up their wvarehiouses with their
own labor. The old-time co-opera
t.ive plan of house-raising, log-rolling
and corzn-shucking may be worked in
buildne -wadhouses to considerable
extent ivhere the Unions cannot rais(
only. money enough to. produce the
material. Our Union bureau is now~
getting .up.. plans and speciftcatiom
for the vdry cheapest and simplest
warehouse plans and wvill publish the
same as early as possible.
One Crop Will Not Pay.
Tils North Carolina man is righi
in the middle of the progressive pati
for Southern farmersl '
Charlotte, N. C., May 25.
Mr. J. C. Strib'hing, Pendleton, S. C.
Dear Sir Xt seems that my in
qi 'y of Mr. Brabham as to the way
he < eloped his cow pe,a'so that It
would ii l 6 eslj its leaves has devel
oIe(d some little interest i'n this most
imuPortaNt subject. - It has surprised
110'10 little that 1none of the farm
ers ll South Carolina took enough
interest, in this subject to ask about
the matter. Why, was this; because
they had also developed this pea, and
therefore, had no need to ask? and
if this is the case why did they iiot
give this iformation to their brother
farmners as Mr. Brabham has done?
I fear that it, is because the major
ity of. farmers do not yet reali.e the
value of this plant, anld, therefore,
do not take the interest in it that
they should. The same applies to
iany other advances as well as to
the subject of this letter. The aver
age farmer has not yet realized that
olle erop (cotton) will Ilot as a rule
I am glad though that we are be
coiniug imore and nore - diversi(led
and that we see tile value of raising
everything on tile farm for home
consulption that call possibly i be
raised. This is the salvation of the
farmers of the South, diversifying
and raising cotton as a stiplus crop
whici can then be sold at a price fix
ed by the farnier instead 'of the spee
ulator. The farmer can do this if
lie diversifies, but not until he does.
Look for a molent at the condition
of affairs if this was umiversally fol
lowed by the farmers of the South.
By raising everything on the farm
needed and less cotton there would
not be the same necessity for money,
but if there was, as diversified farm
ing is more profitable than the one
one crop plan, the farmer would lave
the money if he iiecded it, and have
it all the year round instead of in the
fall as with the cottoin erop, and thete
with onle-half to two-thirds of cot
ton raised that we nlow have the
price would be sufficiently high as to
net. the farmer as much as lie is now
fettilg for his cotton. This le
would ha"ve a clear lprofi , as he has
bven " piving t home.'' This thing
narrows itself down to this qfues
tionl: which had yoll rather do. raisO
a great deal ot. cotton, n1o hioml1,e sup
)fies, and take tile price for your, cot
fo(1 that is offered you, or riise every
tiiing at home and have sometIliIg all
the time to sell and then raise one
half tle cottonl you nlow raise and
get as mucl for it as you ow gt
as much for it as you low get for
get as uuch for it as you now get for
it. with the probabilities much in fa
vor of getting more? 'It seems to me
talit tile last would be the best in
every particular, for it seeis that
everything is in its favor and noth
ing in favor of tile one-crop plan. If
it is possible to get the same price
for one bale of cottoln we are n10w get
tillg for two we save the expense of
raising and marketing one-half,
wh.icI. would make the profit about
four times as much as it now is.
The things that to my' mind will
mailke the South -the gardlen spot of
the worild, wvili be diversifiedi farming
tillinIg, wvell, a few acres rather than
maniy acres poorly, securing good and
fertile seedl and then improving them,
usinig such farm macinery as wvill
dlecrease the cost of producing a crop~
and( taking care of this mnachlinery
after it is bought and then using
jud(gmenlt ill mfarketinlg the crops,
whatever they may be. Good roads
may wvell be included.
If these tlings will make the South
more prosperous are they not worth
Would it not be well to have Prof.
Newman, of Clemnson, give us an arti
cle onl the cow pea?
Reflections of a Bachelor.
It,'s quleer ho(w boys catch all311 thecir
diseases iln schlool term.
If money' reallly madle people un
hlappy ever'yb)ody woulid hiav'e it.
M~en wvouldn 't drink neanrly s0 mnuchI
if thIey knlew of' lany worseC habit.
The pr'iicia llsinless of reform
ers is trying fin ('an1 .to the tails of
If if was respectable to be in poli
tics thereC wouildni't beC hlf as many
smart men inl it.
When a gil1 is a bride you can al
ways guess it by the way she tells
it, evenl to str'angers.
When a maln has a yachlt and auto
mobiles it is a sign lots of girls think
lhe is good-looking.
It is a good p)olicy to be afraid of
yourl wife so shei wo' have to bring
her mother for you to be afraid of.
When a man says lie is ambitious
to go intlo business for himself he hIas
probblyh~ had notice that heC is going
to lose hlis job).
Proi gre's--Kick er-Hlow is your'
'Bocker--I'mn taking things for
what I took for it.-New York Sun.
U. S. WAR SLOOP JAMESTOWN.
Now in Marine Hospital Service
Guns No Longer Trained on Sew
Charle!t Frederick Stansbury.
Norfolk, Va., May 24.-Peaceful 1
and benefleent, the United States
sloop of war 'Jamtlestown lies off Sew.
ell's Point, where a multitude of
men ire building the Jamestown ex- o
position to connnemorate the birth of I
the nation at Jamestown. I
Exactly forty-four years ago this
famous will sloop lay inl the saie spot <
aind threw shot from her twenty guns
at tile fortifications thrown up by
the Confederates oin the beautiful <
spot where the exposition is now
rapidly assuming shape. Peaceful
and smiling with beauty as the scene
now is, it requires an effort of the
imagination to recall the unhapjy I
days of yore. 1
The sloop Jamestown is now ill the
marine hospital service as quarantine
station, and has been anchored for i
several years where she now lies.
Peaceful old age has succeeded her
fiery youth, when she was on of Un
ele Sam's fighters and gave a good
account of herself. Visitors to the
Jamestown exposition will desire to
know something of the interesting
history of the sloop of war James
She was built. at the Norfolk navy
yard and launched in 1844 and on
the 25th of January sailed on her
maiden voyage, bound for the Afri
can station and under comand of R.
She mounted 20 guns, was of 1,150
register, 163 feet long,, with 32 foot
beam. Her armament was changed
in 1861 and twent-y fear-inspiring
monsters were put aboard and their
noses poked through her ports. Four
teen of these each threw a 32-pound
shot and six of them were 8-inch
sttotA ores. li March, 1847, when
familne was raging in Ireland she
sailed from Boston, conveying a full
cargo of food stuffs, the gift of
Ait-erica to the Irish people.
In July, 3858, tle Jaimlestownt wasi
it 11 tvaa. as the itav records re
cite, " to resist tile right of search
by British.'' in October of the 1samie
year site was at Graytown, Nicaragua,
searching for filibusters who, under
col111n111nd of General Walker, sought
to free Cuba by a forcible invasion.
On June 15, 1861, the Jamestown was
recommissioned at Norfolk and stood
to sea on June 12th. She was off
Charleston, S. C., on August 5, and
chased, ran ashore and burned the
b)ark Alvanado. Sie captured tihe
schooner Charles Aigburth on August
31, and captured, dismantled and
scuttled the schooner Charles Long
on September 4th. She put in at New
York City in September '61, and
stood to sea thetnce on December 15,
undt(er the head of untinishted busi
ness, capturing thles 1loop H-av'elock,
and on May 3, 1862, cap)tured the
prize brig lIntendled. Then site catme
hack to Hampton Roads, withitn a
few miles of her native htome, and
threw shot at the Confederates on
Sewell 's Point. Matny of these mis
siles have beent dug up since thte ex
cavatinig for the expositiotn buildings
The Jatmestown wuas a niursery for
admirals. At times during he~ lona
lifetime ment whose nlamies are famous
in our naval history sailed inI her. W.
T. Truxtun comm nded her in 1869,
Charles V. Gridh4 ini 1864, Henry
Glass itt 1880, A. D. Br'own in 1882,
Bancroft Oherardi in 1870, S.- B.
Luce int 1883, C. J. Ttain in 1886, B.
P. Lambertson in 1889, C. F. Good
rich in 1891 antd othier honored names
ar~e linked with hers. Representtative
Harry Lj. Maynard, (of the Norfolk
(dist rict, has set his heart upon01 htaving
a wvarship bulilt at the Norfolk navy
yard during thte .Jamestown exposi
tioni. He has asked the congress to
let Norfolk build antothter warship,
wVhic'h lie will name Jamestown.
Th'le sloop01-of-war Jamestown re
ceived Alaska frotm thte Czar of the
Russias and pttt thte Stars antd Stripes
over that piece of frozeni north wuhicht
Secretary Seward 1had1 just bougt
from thte Czar.
lTe .Jamestown ott October 8, 1867,
lay in the htarbor of Sitka, while
''The Rutssian flag was htauled down
and( the American flag was htoisted onm
the government hose'
A row Don't.
There are lots of thingsi that men
should not do. Here are a few thtat
have beeni jotted down by a Westernt
editor. The list is worth cutting ot
amid carryinig arounid in youtr pocket
.Just plain (10on't.
Dont Igive( to the~ Lord antd then go
Don 't acqluire te borrowinig habit
ont and( rob a widow.
>r the day will come whell you *ill|
'till out of friends.
Don't marry an indolent mal ex
leeting him to brace Up, or you may
lie to tak, in washing to pay for
Don't lhy I) ever)h01ing for a
'-lilly 1b1v .1::l go hungr-y all through
ife. liede, where you are going(
t Iny nee rain.
Doint be so ncan-minded that you
an11 see n1 good in a man. He may
Pe the first to loan you money in
ime of need.
Don't spread butter on both sides
if your bread just because you have
0 in your p6cket. An earthquake
nay Coie along and shake the change
mut of theml.
Not So Dull.
John, who lived in a Pennsylvania
'illage, was thought to be very stu
id, states the Philadelphia Ledger.
le was sent to a mill Ome day, and
he miller said:
''Joln, some people say you are
L fool. Now, tell me what you know,
md what you don't know.''
''Well,'' replied John, ''I know
niller's hogs are fat.''
''Yes, that's well, John. Now
vhat (on't you know?''
''I don't know whose corn fatens
'em !"-Holland 's Magazine.
During the geography lesson the
>ther day a bright boy proved to his
teacler that he knows what was go
ing on in the city, says tile Detroit
Free Press. Tie children were
tudying the products of the *United
'What is raised in the west?" ask
ad the teacher.
'What,'' promptly answered the
'What is raised in Michigan?''
was the next question.
' st rawberries and grapes and ap
ples.'' answered the boy.
'lat will do,'' said the young
U) weit the boy's land, and he
Conllinied to wave it until he gained
''1 know solethin.g you wish they
would raise here, '' said le.
''Well, tell tile class whot it is,''
replied the teacher, wholly unp7re
I)RICd fol the boy's answer.
A Game Story.
They were sinlling yarns of tile
.-reat north woods, and finally it
camlie the.old major's turn.
''Gentlemen,'' he began, ''you
have all told stories of close calls in
the great forests of the north, but I
think my yarn will eclipse them all.
W(juld you believe tailt I was once
treed by one of the most ferocious
1)1111 moose tilat ever walked the
woods? Well, geitlemel, I was, and,
to make matters worse, my ammulli
tionl gave (out. As I thloughlt of the
loved oneCs at hlome tear's came11 into
myl eyes, r'olled down ill the p)alms1 of
myl~ hands anld fr'oze hard as marbles.
A hlappiy thlought flashled into my
mlind. Taking tile frozen teal's, I
rammInned thiem inIto my guln, blazed
alway, killed tile moose and theOn gen
tlemnen, anId thlenl''
But just thlen tile picture of Ana
nlias fell off the wall.-,-Chicago Newvs.
Little Harry-Are you going to
mlar'ry my sister', Mr. Sapleigh?
Sapleigh-I-I--I-don 't know
Little Harry-Then pa was right.
He said you didn 't know anything.
If you want to see dollars grow, foed
your flds with V irginta-Carolina For
tilisiers. They will "inorease Tour
y'ields per aore,"and thus bring down
heosofproduotion. even if you use
fewer tems and less labor.
'Wee thousands of strong testi
monials from farmers who have tried
oh:w makes of fertilizers and ussert
are by far the best. They will give
yurpsthat will makIe more money
for yo. Buy no othor, oven if some
dealer endeavors to get youI to buy
some coheaD" brsnd just beeCnusef he
may moake a little mo wWet en i ont
Of cofirse, that iuould bo to I-'s inltercsi
- VIRGINIA-CAROUNHA CstW'.' oi
R Tiehmond, Vs. Norlolkc, V&. ? r. 1, 3i.
* Chlarleston, 8 0. Baltimore, Md. A' '.
*Bavannah, Ga Montgomery la. 1.ui.pha. 1k..
After 10 days <
ing, and to k,
good daily sal
pared to reple
great throng ol
ers carried aNA
We have had shipped t
more good values. New
wear, Belts and all over
rived. Lots of new merc
the hot May days, from tl
5c. each, up to the newes
It is our plan to move qu
to make room for the ne%
we make a specialty of L
White Canvas Oxfords. I
why not you?
Ladies' White Hose th;
money, 11 I-2c. a pair.
20 doz. Ladies' Tape I
HAIR & I
The Right Pi
* Which we use are without e>
* We believe in PURITY.
We constantly preach PUs
* We always practice PURIl
PURITY counts, and count
Ask your doctor.
SMAYES' DR U
Frank R. Huntei
Real Estate, Sto<
IF IT IS REAL EE
If we haven't got what you war
We have a most desirable list
farming lands in various sections
tracts, ranging in price from $5.0
For particulars concerning an)
charge phone, write or call on uw
FRANK R. H UN
Office over Summer Bros.
Special attention to collection
N ew berr:
Capital stock paid in
Surplus . . . .
Deposits . . ..
We do business on buw
We extend every con
with safe and sound bar
Four per cent. paid or
>f great sell
eep 'up the
es, we pre
Lce the piles
se that the
F value seek
>y freight and express
shipment of Neck
Net Waist have ar
handise just out for
ie little turn over at
t designs to be had.
ick our merchandise
v things. This week
adies and Children's
Everybody uses them,
it's worth double the
leck Vests 5c. each.
ception the purest grade
'Y when preparing medi
s for much, in medicines. +
G STORE. +
~ks and Bonds
TATE. SEE US.
t we can get it for you.
>f city property. Also good
of the State in large or smal
0 to $75.00 per acre.
property that we have in
T ER, Manager.,
snrance. Security Bonds.
. . $ 50,000.00
. . 25,000.00
. . 235,000.00
deposits in Savings
e Proof Vault.
J. E. NORWOO@,