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D. OALDW= WZNS OUT.
tchnically Itis uliar Views A
Not Sustaied-4The Practical
fect, However i the Same, as
Retains 0harge of his Church aj
a not Inhibite4 from. Preachii
According to his Own Console:
Ralph Grier in News and Courier.
Greenyille, March'24.-After ha,
ing debated for- more than eleve
hours the question ,of the legality c
the action of the Synod of ,Texas i
reversing the action of the Presbi
tery of Fort Worth, and having als
entered into a discussion as to ti
justness or harshness of that actioi
the General Assembly of the Presb3
terian Church today sustained ih
couplaint and declared . illegal th
aetion of the Synod, therebiv restol
ig Dr. 'William Caldwell to hi
former position as .a iemiber of th
Presbytery of Fort Worth, and als,
to the pastorate of the First Presby
terian church of Fort Worth.
After many of the commissioner
had entered into a full and leiigth,
discussion of the case, the Rev. J. V
Smith of Fayetteville, N. C., arosi
and called for a vote on the ques
The fl6or became a scene of tur
moil, and half the commissioners it
the car of Moderator Hall. Dr. 'Jo
sephus Johnston, of Texas, flnall,
the house were endeavoring to gait
managed to make himself heard, ani
called in strenuous tones for a yei
and nay vote.
Dr. C. R. Hemphill,, of Louisvillk
then calmly stated the object of th
vote, explaining clearly that the ques
tion before the Assembly was whetli
er or not the action of the Synod wa
unconstitutional, and that the vot
had nothing whatever to do with er
dorsing the views entertained by D:
The complaint of the session of il
Fort Worth church was then rea
The complaint was as follows:
We, the members of the sessio
of the First Presbyterian Church r
Fort Worth, Texas, hereby con
plain to the General Assembl
against the action of the Synod c
Texas in sustaining the colmll)laillt
the Rev. John V. McCall and othei
against the Presbytery of Foi
Worth in pronouncing judgment ai
nulling the action of said Presbyter
by which the Rev. William Caldwe
was received and installed pastor o
the First Presbyterian church c
1. When the Synod did not pr(
ceed regularly in the trial of i1
cause, (a) in that it acted in a con
plaint which had not constitlutiom
standing before the Synod. and (
in that it heard a1id deceived the l
sue upon a record of the case. whi(
was not tihe record upon which t l
Presbytery of Forit Worith act ed
receiving D)r. Caldwell. and (e)1
that it denied to the 11er. Willia
Caldwell his constituitionaOl rights
a membewr of tIhe Presbytery oif Fo
2. When, ini nnnulling the Act
.the Presbytery of Fort Worth, ti
Synod of Tfexuas pronounced a nu
taken and unijust judgmnent, (a')
that it had before it no0 adeqju
proof that the' R1ev. William Cal
well was not in accord with i
standardls of the Presbyt erian chur<
in the United States charged, and(
in that the penalty inflieted was u
justly severe and out of all propP
tion to the ofteence.
Meaning of the Vote.
A fter mianly andm bewildering
planations of the quest ion on whi
the Assembly was voting it was (
ally ann Iounce(d b)y Moderattor II
thalIt the vote was being takenCl to
who favored suistaining the firsf p9
oIf thle comnplaint. which was diviu
into threve sectionis. It 1s 5Ceen
OnIce thaut to vote to) sustainl the0 o
plaint .was to vote to sustini I
Intense silence reignied while I
roll was being called. Tihe conver
tions which are usually ,going on
over the house were hushed and o1
the voice of the clerk's calling I
roll broke a stillness that was
* Resdit of the Vote.
About an hour was consumed
taking the vote. It was as follo~
To sustain tihe first section of
*complaint in full, 79. To sustain
first section in part, 11. Not to s
tain any of tihe first section of
Col.. Buliitt, of Kentucky, a s
individual of short stature and f
eleven of the commnissiors hd
that their votes could be counted
sdstaining the complaint in full,
asmneh as the complaint wvas e1it
puported -by' the constitutionl or
~'any other commissioners t(
th6 sgme position as Col. Eullitt, and
so it wiv'deeijled that the vote stood
re 89 against, to 90 in favor of sup)ort
if- ilg the action of the session, or in
[lo other words, of declaring the action
id of the Synod unconstitutioial.
ig So Dr. Caldwell is still a member
a of the Fort Worth Presbytery, inl
full and regular standing, and is also
pastor of the First Presbyterian
church, of Fort Worth. Texas.
r The ease has been an unusual and
. exceedingly intricate one. Many
If questions of great il)ortanee to the
n denomination were at stake, and the
- Assembly' fully realized that the
o general public woild coiistrue its ae
. tion in reversing the judgment of
, Synod in the case as endorsing the
views of )'. Caldwell. Today repre
e sentatives of daily papers were carn
e es(ly requested to make clear the
fact that the Assembly merely judged
s (lie action of the Syiod illegal, and
e that the views eitertair.ed by Dr.
C (aldwell and fully outlined in The
- News and Courier of several days
ago, were not upl) for discussion at all,
s but while the question up was for
the greater )art a matter of Church
discipline, the question of the ortho
doxy of Dr. Caldwell was uppermost
in the minds of many commissione'rs,
else the vote would not .have been so
close. Dr. Caldwell, or the session
of Fort Worth. was sustained by a
- majority of one.
it is very doubtful if any other
proceedings will be taken against Dr.
I William Caldwell. He will return
m to Fort Worth as lastor of the First
Possibility of a real Trial.
e The Presbyterian can institute pro
ceedings for a trial on account of
heresy. If this, action is taken, it
a is believed that the ease would be at
e mnce aplealed to the General Assem
- bly, and it is thought in maniy quar
e. ters (lat a vote on the question of
Dr. Caldwel's orthodoxy would re
e suilt in his favor.
1. The broad, liberal views which lie
is alleged to maintain are believed to
be growing yearly, and there are
n man persois who think that the old
f riid, stern )resbyterians of other
I- days are fast passing from the scene.
y It has beei stated on the floor of
f the Assembly that Dr. Caldwell is
f perfectly sound on the main issues of
a Presbyterianism, and that so far as
t the )rincipal points are converned
L- he is in accord wvith the Presbyterian
, standards. On the other hand, many
11 of the commissioners, who were
f brought up in Presbyterian homes,
f deem any divergence from the old es
tablished !Ines.4 rank heresy, and some
rather aufortunate speeches have
c been m1ade on that account. But for
i- le main part the brethren have been
d remarkably temp'eate in their speech.
) anld there has been a forbearance and
brotherly kindness manifest, that gave
i hile visitor to uIiderstand tlit lie was
eC in the pr'esenoe of no0 oirdiniary civ'i
a ed a mot ion was mnade (lint a comn
mi After (lie vote had, been announe
iS missioni of tiv'e be appointed to meet
rt ~i~ nd onfer with those par'ties who
I had votedi in favor of sustainiing.in
>f part the first section.
ie The commission consists of Dr. J.
- \\. Stait, of B3irmingham, Prof. W.
in S. Currell, of Lexington, Va., Dr. C.
te II. Hemphill, of Louisville, Dr. S. M.
SNeel, of Kansas City, and J. C.
Ci owan, of Nashivill e.
This commission will report on
1Friday. It is understood that this
comiiiission will merely render a
Sjudgment of (lie eleven votes which
favor in p)art the complaint, and it
is not thought that their judgmenl
twill materially affect the case.
A Summary of the Case.
ll The listoiry of' the case has already
ee heen told. )r'. ('aldwell was chioseil
rt paistor ofI the First Presbyteriai
(ed ' ichm-i. iir l"ort Wort h, Texas, in '04
at lie was also recogiiized as a membei
mof thle Foit Woi'th Pr,esbytery. Som<
r. of the members' of the Presbyter;
muadle 'ompillinti to~ the Synod of Tfex
lie as. alleging that Dru. Caldwell wm'
a- not sound in his theiology.
all The Syinod i'eferi'ed the ease bae
ly to thie Priesbyter'y, which again supi
lie ported Caldwell. Later the Syno
ali- revers5ed the action of the Pr'esbytery
whieni the sessionl of Fort Wort'
churc'(h and Dri. Caldwell appealed t
in the (Gener'ah Assemb)ly. Br'ieflly I
est charged( with be(ing out of hiar'mon;
lie with (lie Presbyter'ian standar'ds wit
he recgai'd to the Mosaic authorship C
us- thie Pentateuich, to the historic n
hie cuiracy of (lie earlhier chapters c
(lenesis, (lie miraculous element I
dy thie Ol Testamei(nt. and lastly, I
ar- holds thant Christ died inot as a peni
ice sublstituite inisteadl of man, buti sin
vo- ply for' man.
Irt, '. C'alhdwell wuas educated at ti
as University of Chicago, and1( was orig
ini- inally a minister' in thie Noirther
er Presbyteriani Church. No appeal wu
ot made to sectionalism and only on
was the University of Chicago mei
WJLJS - B
A comnissioner fom Texas statei
that Dr. Caldwell was educated at 's
Chicago, but Moderator Hall at once il
ruled him out of order. No small h
relief is felt that the case, is at last s
done with, and there seems to be a i
general but silent satisfaction with
the manier in which it ended.
Some days ago it was mentioned in t
The News and Courier: that the Gen
eral Assembly sent a telegram to the
General Assembly in session at Des
Moines to the effect that it had been
rumored that financial hiducement
had becl offered churches and indi
viduals in the Southwest to change
their ecclesiastical relations. A ..re
Iply was received a (lay or two ago to
the effect that the charges were un
founded. III response to this second
telegram the following was sent by
the General Assembly yesterday:
Alleged Church Bribery.
"To the General Assembly of the
Presbyterian Cliurch in the United
States, in session at Des Moines,
Iowa.-Greeting: We regret youv
impression that we have charged your
home board or its oflicers with mak
ing or authorizing financial induce
Ient to churches to change eccles
in'stical relations. We did not mean
to make such charge. We hope im
partial investigation might be made
of statements that it had been done
by workers on the, field,. and if found 1
true a remeldy sugge,sted. With fra
After tile Caldwell case had been
disposed of Dr. A. J. McKelway
moved for the adoption of the major
ity report on the articles of agree
ment drawn up for the -purpose of
biinging about closer relations among
the churches holding the Presbyter
ian system. Dr. McKelway made a
speech in favor of the adoption of the
majority report, which report is in
favor of the closer union among Pires
byterian churches. Mr.T. H. Rice
moved that the miiority report, be ac
eept ed, and D. .J. G. Anderson, of
Tampa, suggested that the entire
matter go over until the next As
sembly, pleading lack of timie. Many
commissioners opposed this motion,
and it was lost by a heavy majority.
Dr. McKelway stated that all the
aspersions reflecting on the character
of the Southern Presbyterians had
been removed by the Northern As
Dr. Eugene Daniel opposed the
adoption of the majority report and
stated that he thought it was a mat
ter of life and death to the South
ern Pr-esbYterian Church. Dr. C. R.
Hemphill. of Louisville, made a long
speech inl favor of the adoption of
tle major-ity report, after whichthe
A commission was appointed today
by Moder-ator, Hall to consider the
onmplaint of 1r. Laws agaiist the
Synmod of Virginia relative to poly
gamy in the foreign field. Tiis com-l
mission will priobaly3 report onl Fri
Late tonight it was statedl by a
memberC1 of the comlmissioni applointed
to conisidler thle vote in thme Caldwell
case that the rep)ort of the comnms-.
sion would ini effect amount to a
statement that the action of the
Synod of Texas has been reversed,
that William Caldwell has been, and
is, a member of the Fort Worth
Presbytery, and that lhe has been andl
is piastor' of the First Presbyterian
church of Fort WVorth.
This report will be submitted Fri
By CYRUS TON
Autahor of "The.
q A War-time story in all its
in the life of Lee, woven arour
to take up arms for Virginia a
q There is a dual love story
esweetest sentimen't running thi
n .fyouar bodk seller hasne't it, the pubA
.. Publishe~rs . 372 Fif
Ry, and is being awaited by the As.
imbly with considerable Interest. It
i thought that nothing. more will be
eard of the case unless Caldwell per
tly profulgates the views which he
I alleged to hold.
The committee on women's so
kties reported this morning that the
)tal membership of these societies
,as 41,329, a gain of 1,525 over last
ear. The contributions to local
ftuwes amount to $100,52, a gain of
35.243 over last year. The total
Dntributions to all causes by these
[lcieties amount to $195,270, a gain
f $42,344 over last year.
Dr. Thieron Rice, of Atlanta, chair
inn of the committee on Christian
ducantion, reported that it recom
ielded the appointment of the Rev.
1. if. Cornellson, of Concord, N. C.,
s perianent secretary of the exce
itive comiittee which will be ap
ointed to look after the educational
nd chiritable. institutions of the
liurch. The report was docketed.
Vairious other matters of minor im
iortatnce were considered at th(
aorning session before the Caldwell
ase was resumed.
But. it must not be forgotten thal
t was absolutely impossible for th<
nan who dedlared that fine word.
mitter no parsnips to have any ade
Itade understanding of the compre
Wlnsive scope of the modern jolly
JAURENS LAUNDRY-Best by test
Try for yourself and be convince
hat it is the best.
kholarship and Entrance Examinatior
The exatnination for the award of vaca1
cholarships in winthrop College and for th
idmtission of new students will be held at th
:ounty Court House on Friday, July oth. at
i.In. Applicants must not be less than fiftee
rears of age. When scholarships are vacate
titer July 6, they will be awarded to those mal
lig the bighlest average at this exaninatio
rovided thcy meet the conditions governing th
kward. Applicants for scholarship should writ
o Pre ident Johnson before the examination fc
icholarship application bianks.
Scholarships are worth $poo ani free tuitiot
rite next session will open septernber 19th, 190'
Foi furitet inforitation as.d catalogue, addre!
Pros. D. B Johtnon, Rock Hill, s. C.
,larleston and Western CaroHna Ri
(Schedule in'.Efect April 16, 1905.)
No. 52. Daily.
[,v. Newberry...........12.36 p. In.
fr. Laurens .............s.o P. i
No. 2. Daily.
[v. Laurens.......... 1.50 p. m.
Ar. Greenwood ..........2.46 p. mn.
Ar. Augusta............. 5.20 p. Im.
Ar. Anderson .............. 7.10 p. III.
No. 42. Daily.
1v. Augusta. ..... .................2.35 p. 1
Ar. Allendale...... ................4 30 p. 1
Ar. Fairfax...... .................4.41 p. I
Ar. Charleston.................................... 7.40 p. I
r. neaufort ........................30 P.
r. Port Royal...... ...... ..6.40 p.
Ar. savannah.....................6.45 p.
Ar. W aycross . ...... . .............. 10.00 P. 1
Ar. Tack sonville.. .. ............................ ...
No. 1. Daily.
Lv. Lautens ......... . .......................... 2.07 p.
A r. Spartanburg.........................3.20 p.
No. 5,. No. 87
Daily. Ex. si
Lv. ILaurens.............2 og p. nm. 8.oo a.
A r Greenville .... ........ 3.25 p. mi. 10.20 a.
BLUE RIDGE RAILROAI
Time Table No. 5.
In Effect November 29, 1905
Between Belton and Walhalla.
No. to No. 12 No. I t Nc
P. M. A. M AR. LV. P. M. A.
3 35 10 25.......elton......3 50 10
3i i,. oo .... Anderson...4 22 :I
.... 9 25...Penidleton...4 47 Ii
.... $ 35....Walhalla... 5 55
'J. R. ANDERsON, supt
ROM THEl PREFACE
"' In every situation General Lee
is a great, a dominant figure. The
aracter of Lee has been somewhat
it sight of in the study of his career,
tit fairly glows with all that is hi h
d noble ad true. The Bayard of
e South exhibits the chacteristics of
e Chuistian gentleman to the full.
is is a personality to be studied, to
followed, to be loved. In his great.
as and in his simplicity he Us an
during inspiration to true manhood
r all America- the world even."
ispects. It opens with a chapter
d the hour in which he decided
nd the Southland.
-a vein of the most tender and
ough the pages.
shers will send the &ook, piostag aid,
spi of p5ri.
h AvanueA New YVrk
Best Stoves a
Atlaqtic Goast I
For full inforn
on All Throt
Winter Tourist F
effect to all F1
For full informa
Routes, Etc., c<
Asst. Gen. Pass. Agent,
NORTH - SOUTH
Two Daily Pullman Ve
Between SOUTH a
The Best Rates and Rc
Via Richmond and i
Norfolk and Stean
Louis, Chicago, Ne
Points South and South
and Jacksonville an<
PossrniVELy THE SHO
WPor detailed informatio
man reservations, etc., app~
board Air Line Railway, or
Passenger Agent, Columbi
C. IF. STEWART,)
W.. L BRUHS Traa
I s Block.
Wilmington, N. C.
i Sleeping Cars
edules on All
Lates are now in
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Charleston, S. t.
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stibuled Limited Trains
nd NEW YORK.
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