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PASSING OF NEGRO SERVANtT
Creates Difficult Problem Already in
Lodging Houdes in Many South
J. T. Salter in Malifaeturers' Rec.
While the .industrial world of th<
South is chafing at the restraint im
posed by. h dearth of skilled labor in
the shop, mill iind factory, the lack
of do)ueslie help in the'conduct of the
household is brea'king uip the home iand
creating a problem in another direce
tion equally as difficult of solution.
So far no organized effort to solve
it by immigration or otherwise has
been attempted, as in the case of
skilled labor, nor, in fact has it been
generally discussed with a view of
adopting a remedy of any kind, but
as it becomes more acute some plan
must be tried to improve the condi
ftions. Already in many Southerni
cities and towns, bording houses, lodg
ing houses and hotels are c'rowded
with families who are incapacitated
to do household drudgery and unable
to have it done at any price within the
reasonable bounds of economy. Th.ey
are forced to accept nil sortqof incon
veliences and discomforts il eoil
sequence, not as a makeshift, but as a
permanent. thing, while the dream of
a home and its freedom becomes more
vague, and un'eal as doimestic help
grows more mythical.
An Important Question.
Is there any wonder that the ques
tion of race suicide should become
so important. when the very founds
tion of large families is crumbling
into decay so fast? Without a house
and without domestic help the rear
ing of children becomes a burden
which many people are all too glad
to escape by doping their conscience
with the excuse of no home.
But. what are we going to do about
it? People must. eat a'nd they can
not all cook, so what will the end
be? So long as the negro woman
could be coaxed and cajoled to work
for double the wages earned the
Southern house wife put up with her11
slouchy ways and slipshod methods
or lack of methods, for the average
negro woman is about as innocent of
any system and method in her work
as she is of ambition and purpose
in life. But now that no amount of
persuasion and pay can induce them
to ''go into service,'' as they call it,
some other plan must he tried. What
it shall be is an open question. The
Southern people, as a whole, have a
happy faculty of adjusting themselves
to the conditions with storie fortitude
and complaisance which stand them in
great need now, for under the trying
circumstances they have ample oppor
tunity to 'eall into exercise all of their
reserve power in this line.
. Less Work for a Living.
It is not that the negro servant
has grown more shiftless, indolent
and unreliable than formerly that
t;his culmination of idleness has been
reached, hbut is hiar2ely du (1lo' thle
greater case of making a living here
now by less work than formerly. Im
p)rovidence anid irresponsibility are
dominant characteristics in the nie
gro's make-ump, andl no amount of edut
cation and t raining wvill eradicate it.
They a re. however. clanniiish in a brut
ish sort of way, whet her f'romu nat ural
instinet or general perver'si ty no( one
san say, and will occasionally accept
service to help ont ot hers who are hun
gry, but. it is a pretty well known fact
among house keepers that when one
negro woman works a doz.en eat, ani
often this is thle dominant incentive
tr> induce them to work at all. This
statemnen t seems to be corrobora ted
by the ratio of those who work to
those who idle. - When the average
negro woman servant has been fur
tunate to escape the police court fines
for fighting, disorderly conduct, steal
ing or the furniture installment man,
whom she inv'ariably tries to beat, long
enough to accumulate a few dollars,
she usually becomes so unbearably in
different to her wvork and careless of
her duties as to either compel her dis
charge by the employe or pave the way
for an excuse to quit on account of
''Ah mis 'ry 'n d' spine o' malh
ba'k,'' No matter if there is sick
ness, or even (heath in the house hold,
when this notion of q1uitting seizes her
she cannof be prised loose.
A fewv years ago when the require
ments were more exacting and the
wages not so good, little or no trou
ble was dneountered in securing fair
ly efficient help, but today, with the
wages almost doubled, the duties much
lighter, arnd often'two employed to do
the work of one, we are confronted
with an absolute faznine in the market,
Such conditions present a paradox in
domestie science worthy of a Chicago
Ulnivesity president's most freakish
*philosophy. Since the civil war the
South tas wo,rricd along with the nie.
lis woman as a, servaint in the vain
*hope that freedom and ipndependenice
ut Bright Bits.
in ''he Parson- \VIen I beeame -a
In- Mllisler. I gave up playing tie pi
as ano.'' The El der-''Then you became
,)f an exI)ounder in a double sense of
b-|the word didn't you?''-Younkers
Cicely--"AWhy dop't , you learn to
swim?'' Muriel--"'There's no one to
teadh me.'' Cicely-"H11ow about the
b(vs ? '' Muriel-''"Oh, they-ve all
taught ie hofore; different summers
Yon know. ''-Rrooklyi Life.
.- In the Elysiain Fields-Russell
r- Sag-e: "Nay, I wish you would lenl
is tme a dine. '' Jay Gould "Sorry, Rus
e, sell; but I haven't it.''-- Memphis
II Coa mmercial Appeal.
e "l ridget,'' said Mrs. Ifiram. Offer,
le sternly. on my way home just now
h1 1.aw that policeman who was in the
is kitc(hell with you so long last, even
d m and I ,took oecasion to speak to
him- O' 'Oh! sliure, that's all right.
nm anm. 'Im not jealous. Oi hov iiii
1cieiced. '--1Philadelphia Presse.
What Its Appronch Means to the
Even though she began the latter
part of March to nake the home cheer
ful aind salitary before the coming of
summer the Intervening time is none
too long for the goodl housekeeper to
accomplish all that has to be done.
One duty owed to the general public
is to offer something pleasing for its
eye to rest onl in the yard and sur
roundings of one's home. The first
I- thing to be done was of course r!learing
4- away all kinds of accumulated wh9ter
I rubbish from the yard and nutbuild
w ings and making a bonfire of it or
W otherwise disposing of it. For this
work the good housekeeper found the
children of the family invaluable. If
their pride and sense of the beautiful
are properly aroused they can almost
be depended on to take care of the
yard and flower gardei.
Y tate double box plaits aeross the front.
i Down each side of the center box plait
s run narrow full ruffies of the material.
Scalloped turn back cuffs are seen on
is many of the newest shirt waists. In
stead of being separate cuffs put on
the finished sleeves, the sleeves them
e selves are cut long enough to allow for
r- the cuff, which 1s scalloped at the top.
w Two sets of linked buttons are used to
it keep the cuffs in plqce, and the newest
idea is to make them at home by sew
i ng two buttons together on a long
loop and butto.nholing the loop.
Some of the shirt waists have the
fronts and yoke cut In one. On the tal
r lored models carried out In heavy linen
1, this emplecement Is scalloped and a
4 small dot embroidered in each curve.
A shirt waist model Is often cut with
shoulders so wide that they extend
over the upper arm in an epaulet ef
Ifeet that gives a military touch.
Most of the shirt waist sleeves are
- long, but somne of them are cut with a
puff to the elbow, where they meet a
*The collar either- matches the shirt
waist with which it Is worn or sepa
5rate collars are used in keeping with
S-the character of the waist. Turnover
ec collers, heimatitchied or embroidered,
n are the correct thing worn wvith a tie
of lace trlimmed lawn or a smart silk
IThe long cravat seen in the illustra
tion is of lace insertion, edged with
1s plaited ruffles. The butterfly bbw is of
re plaited linen and the,.long tit of .lace
je An affable manner and a su'nny (ls
st posItion are two good runners to slIde
on into popularity uipon.
a. People who have a limber tongue no
dom suiffer from brain tag.
It takes a pull and a lead pipe cinch
vto make some men amount to anything.
is An elastic disposition is a good thing
-tz be p)rovided with when you meet a
. Some men ire gp when they get
4 called down.
"Your wife has great conhdence i'.
~you, hasn't she?"
eC "I should say she has," answered Mr.
d Meekton. "She depends on me abso,
lately to take care of the dog when e
s.. goes away."
e A Oeb of Wiudem.
S"Most eve'i-y man has a rival in
it his wife's affections." Marked the
Ssage of Philosopihersville. "If it hain't
a a poodle, it's a rubber plant."-Louls.
v ille Courier-Journal.
bitioil not previously manifested; b
this was another Utopian dream fa
whel we have been suddenly'awake
ed. Instead of improvement she I
grown, steadily worse and instead
Acquiring efficieney, thrift and sta
ilify, sie has lost all claims she mig
have had in these qualities.
No White Servants.
There is searcely such a iperson
be found in soutlern towns and ei
ics as a native wlite servaiint. Tio
who are compelled to work prefer ei
ployment in tle faetory or shiop
half, tle 'wages paid domestic lie
even tliough tile duties ire less one
01 and the pay better. But lie fo
eigner, notably the German girl,
sometimes found here as a domesti
and wherever she works she is wc
paid and well treated. If enoughli
the poorly-paid shop girls of ti
erowded cities of the North could 1
induced in numbers to come Soul
and accept domestic service, a Cla:
would thereby be formed which woul
afford them the means - of soci
pleasure, recreation and companioi1
sliijp they do not have when they con
here alone. And further, it woul
enable them to form small conmlmn
Iies aiong Ihemslives which more the
anything vlSe, would preent discoi
tenl. and lneliliess.
'I'here is n1o doubt aboit fildil
ready eiplo*yifent, aid tat, too
good wages. For the Soutlhern1 hou:
keeper is all too willing to try an;
hing or any plan looking to reli
froni the worry arid uncertainty <
negro lielp. It is an honorable, hol
est, self respecting occupatipin it
infinitely more elevating and ben
ficial to (lie individual Ithan fal I
ihe factory or shop, for tle refin
mIIent of the home infiluenee and pri
teetion is tirown aronid the dome
tie White servanit in the South wli
vaiot, froin te i l ver y nature of I
eall-n , he exteided o( 1 those in tl
faetory%? anld shop.
Merit Compels Recognition.
While the class distiictioln het we(
servait. inid master is and always wi
he observed here as inl al other po
Holis of tle eivilized world, tile peop
as a whole are democratic and strou
IV inelined to reekon a personi's stanl
in. by his trie worth rather than I1
what Ie has got, so) that it is easi
seen Iow <piiekly itroe merit, even
ll hliumble occupation, readily compe
resject, and recoglrnition. The situ
tion just. now as to providing th
domestic help is one of discourag
ment. No plan or effort. is being ma<
to supply the demand for such labc
It. is one of drifting and waiting fi
sonetlhing to trun up. But out of
eventually must. prow an organliz
plan, and as a suggestion along ti
line it would be well to give heed ai
encouragement. to the immigrati(
movement just now being made, f<
it is from these immigrant-, after a
that. independence of the negro 11111
-FUTURE oF THE PLATFORM.
The PubMic Is Just Beginning to A
preciate Its Worth.
Frederick WVard, thte actor, say
''I believe (lie lecture platform h~
a great flitutre. The public is ju
bmei.inuning to) app)reciate its worth. TI
lectu re of (lie modi(ern lyceum is,
a wayv, ret urn (4) (lhe ancient d1a
whien the aundience sat at (lie feet
(lie t hinker and1( phlilosopheri anid r
ceivedl fromn him the result of hi
knowledge and1( research. There a
matny ly'ceum lecturites t hat give to ilI
mait in thle aud(ienlce ini an hour ai
a halfC thIat whicht would cost hi
mointh ls of readinig to learn.
''It requires a greater concent r
tioni to succeed on (lie platform thu
on thte stage. In the play we ms
rise to mnore -thrilling climaxes, ba
there are inter'missions and periods<
rest, and one is surrounided by hi
fellow players, the scenery, the inns
and everything that tends to assi
in developing the picture. But<
(lhe platform one is absolutely aloi
-ie must su4'eced or fail, all by hir
His rirst Assignment.
The late Amos Cummings of Ne
York, used to tell this story of I
first assignment as a newspaper r
porter. He was sent out to write
an accidlent wvhere an Irish hod-earri
was injured in a fall from a buildin
HIe arrived just as two officers we
assisting thie injured man into an at
''What's his name?'' asked Cur
mings of one of the officers, at i
same moment pulling out his pad at
The Irishman heard him, and mi
taking him for thle timekeeper on t1
job, exclaimeal, with a look of di
gust coverine his face. ''Isn 't
tinb(e enoughL'l t ' fall thbree' stori
form a buildini' without bein' doekI
f'r th' few moments Oi lose goin'
Low Rates to New York and Return
. Via Southera Railway.
On account. of ie homecowing of
Hon. Wil. J. Bryan, the Southern
railway will sell tickets to New York
city and return at rate of one fare
plus $2.25 from all coupon ticket sta
tions. Tickets on sale August 28th
and 29th, limited to leave New York
returning on -September 4th, 1906.
The Southern operates on all I
through trains, Pullman drawing-room
sleepers and Southern railway dining V
cars-high back vestibuled coaches.
For full. information, consult any
Southern railway ticket agent, or
R. W. Hunt,
)ivision Passenger Agent,
Charleston, S. C.
G. B. Allen,
Assi. General Passenger Agent,
All overseers of tho public roads in
Newberry County are hereby direct
ed and required to put their respec- C
tive road districts in good condition
and perform the service required by
law by the twentieth day of August,
Herein fail not under the penalty of
J. Monroe Wicker,
Fred. H. Dominick, Co. Supervisor.
Clerk and Attorney.
TAKE A TRIP TO THE EAST via a
CHARLESTON & WESTERN
Through Savanlh and Steamship
From Laurens, S. C. to r
Baltimore, Md., and return $29.40 p
Boston, Mass., and return 39.30 y
New York and return .. .. 35.30 a
Philadephia, and return .. 33.40 F
Round trip summer excursion rates;
Tickets on sale daily to and including d
September 30, with final return limit;
October 31, 1906.
For full information call on or ad
C. 1-. Gasque,
Agent, Laurens, S.C.
Gee. T. Bryan,
Gen. Agt., Greenville, S. C.
G. P. A., Augusta, Ga.
NOTICE or ELECTION. ti
Pursuant to the requirements of an
Act of the General Assembly of the C
State of South Carolina entitled, "An
Act to Authorize and Empower School
District No. 52 in Newberry County,
State of South Carolina, to Issue Ad
ditional Bonds for the Completion of
a Sch.pol Building Thereon," Approv
ed February 24, 1906, notice is here- C
given of an election to be held on
August 29, 1906, at Whitmire in said
School District No. 52 on the question
of issuing additional coupon bonds
not to exceed one thousand dollars at
a rate of interest not to exceed six per
cent. in accordance with the terms of.,
Jlohn P. Fant.
Z. HI. Suber.
S. L. Gary,
Trustees of said Seciool District.
CHARLESTON & WESTERN CAR
Schedule in effect June 3, 1906.
Lv. Newberry(C. N. & L.) 12 :36 p. mn.
Ar.* Laurenus 1:42 p.mi.
Lv. Laurens (C. &. WV. C.) 2 :09 p. m.
Ar. Greenville 3 :25 p. m.
Lv. Laurens 2:07 p. mn.
A r. Spartanburg 3 :40 p.m.
Lv. Spartanburg (So. Rry) 4 :00 p. in.
Ar. Hendersonv'ille 6 :35 p. mn.
IA r. Asheville 7 :30 p. in.
Lv. Laurens (C. & W. C.) -1:50 p. in.
Ar. Greenwvood 2:48 p.m.
A r. McCormick 3:40 p. in.
A r. Augusta 5:25 p. in.
Pullman Chair Cars between An
gusta, Laurens and Asheville, tri
weekly. Leave Auguista Tuesdays,
Thursday and Saturdays ;leave Ashe
ville Mondays, Wednesdays and Fri
Note: The above arrivals and de- J
partures, as wvell as connections withi
other companies, are given as infor
mnation, and are not guaranteed.
Cen. Pass. Agt.,
Geo. T. Bryan, L.
Greenville, S. C.
that Will Ipst a life time is what you
want. Our Organs have a pure tone ['
and lovely cases. We can supply
you' with an Organ that will please in e
every particular for only $65 and $70
delivered. Write us for our special
termA of payment, and for illustrations
of the beautiful Organs referred to.
If you prefer a Piano we have beau
tiful and good new Uprights from $185
up on easy terms.
j ffal one's Music Hous e,
c~A.waDA. S. C.
Founded N WBERRY C
Courses leading to the degree
lechanical'or Electrical Engir
ery inexpensive. Remarkable
,mber 26. For illustrated Cata
JAMES A. B.
Making 21 HUNDR
,nd- While it Lasts to C
3est Patent $4.9
3est half Pat. $4.
3est Meal 85c. bi
3est Grits $1.75 %
Don't pay any more, don't be swi
long, save money and buy from its.
Our immense stock of spring good.
es and fancy goods and staples, our
ig novelties in millinery. Come an<
ght thing in prices, style, quality,
ly cannot beat us, we don't make
DU up on balance, people getting
Id looking out more for No. i. Co
orty years experience counts some
Dn't you forget it,
A CENTURY (
For more than a hundred y
PRINGS MINERAL WATER
iousands are ready and willing
acy In all diseases of the Liver,
Drink Glenn Springs Mineral
rink this water and be restored
Glenn Springs Company
tugs, Mattings, Linolei
vant. Art Squares fr<
icrap Carpet, Sideboar
-fall Rack $4.00 to $2
ce Cream Freezers that
ites, big line Refrigerat
lammocks ever broui
tewest and most up-to--c
rom $15.00 to $100.00
ne of Wardrobes and 2
Goods have advancei
ave not advanced the y
Lnd get our prices.
OLLEGE A Christian
s of A. B., B. S. and B. S. in
eering. Modern equipment.
health record. Opens. Sep.
Neurherry, S. C.
ED Barrels of that
FLOUR Just Received
5 Every bbl.
tched ol by arguiment, come right
arriving embraciiig a the iove.
Mrs. Moseley in t he North select.
iee us, we are prepared to do the
-c., for an all round bill you sim
a cut price on one thing and burn
educated and opening their eyes
me and see us and be convinced.
thing, we will treat you right and
TY, S. C.
ears the merits of GLENN
have been recognized, and
to give testimony as to Its effi
Kidneys, Stomach and Skin.
end on It.
Water and keep well; if stAk,
Glenn Springs, S. C.
m, jus the kin yo
terd w ell mde. n3mn
ors, the finest line of
ght to Newberry, the
late line of Room Suits
.Come and see our
-110 per cent. but we
>rice. Come and lookc,