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FI, i (Continued from page six.)
ti is ITi (1 1 d(W1 Iul i'op,7 in II
Constantly Increasing measure) also
toll with his brain. Under the constitu
tion the national legislature can do but
N little of direct importance for his wel
fare Save where he is engaged in work
whih permits it to- act under the in
terstate commerce clause of the consti
tution, and this Is one reason why I
So earnestly hope that both the legis
lative and judicial branches of the gov
'ernmeit will construe this clause of
the constitution in the broadest possi
The only other persons whose wel
Xare ij as vital to the welfare of the
wrtOle comtr3, as is the welfare of the
wageworkers are the tillers of the soll.
Sev -ral factors must co-operate in
the in .provement of the farmer's con
dition. iIe iust have the chance to
be edu '1ated in the widest possible
sense, in the sense which keeps ever in
view the 'iltnit relatiolnship between
the theory of education and the facts
Organizatio has become necessary
in the bisinesskvorld, and it has ac
collplished m1uchl or good in the world
of labor. It is no less necessary for
farmers. Such a movement as the
grange movement is good in Itself and
is capable of a well nigh Infinite fur
ther extension for good so long as It is
kept to its own legitimate business.
The benefits to be derived by the as
sociation of farmers for mutual ad
vantage are partly economic and part
Irrigation and Forest PreserVation.
Much is now being done for the
states of the Rocky mountains and
great plains through the development
of the national policy of irrigation and
forest preservation. No government
policy for the betterilmit of our lnter
nal conditions has been more fruitful
of good than this.
I am well avare of how dilIcult it is
to pass a constitutional IImellnimelt.
Nevertheless, In my judgment, the
Wihole question of nmrrIlage and di
vorce shjoul(i be relegated to the au
thority of the national congress. The
,channge would be good from every
standpoint. In partieular It woul(1 he
good because It would confer on the
congress the power at once to de'al
radically and elilciently with polygamy,
and this sholid be done whether or
iot marriage and divorce are dealt
with. It is neither safe nor proper to
eave the question of polygamy to be
dealt with by the several states.
Let in once again call the attention
f the congress to two subjects con
cerning whilh I have freutiently be
ore communicated with them. One is
he Iuestion of developing American
hipping. I trust that a law embody
g In substance the views or a major
art of the vIiews expressed in the re
ort on this subject laid before the
o11q, at its last session will be passed.
t seems ne m that the proposed micas
rb is as nearl) unobjectionable as any
I especIally call your attention -to the
*econdl subj.ect, the condiltion of our
currency lawvs. ThIe national bank act
has ably served a great purpose ini aid
ing the enormous businless dlevelop)
ment of tile country, and within tenl
years there has bieeni an increase in
.circulation per capita from $21.411 to
$33.08. For several years evidence has
~een accumulating that addlitional leg
Islation is needed. The recurrence of
4each crop season emphlasizes the de
ets-of the preselnt lawvs. There must
onm be a revision of them, because
to leave them as they are means to In
dur liabIlity of business disaster. Since
tour body adjourned there has been a
~uctulation in the interest on call
.oney from 2 per cent to 80 per cent.
nd the fluctuation was even greater
* ring the precedIng six months. The
ecretary of the treasury had to step
nand by wvise action put a stop to the
ost violent period of oscillation.
I do niot press any especial plan. -Va
Ious plans hav'e recently been. pro
osed by explert conmmittees of' bank
rs. Amng the plans which arc possi
ly feasible and which certainly, should
coive your consideration is that re
eatedly brought to your attention by
he present secretary of the treasury,
o essential features of which have
been ap)proved by many prioinlenlt
bankers and1( business meni. Accord Ing
to this plan, national banks should be
permitted to issue a speeified plropor
tion of tiheir cauital ini notes of a given
kind, the issue to be taxed at so high
a rate as to drive the notes back whmen
not wanlted in legitimate tradle. This
plan would not permnit tile issue of
currenicy to give banks additional prof
'its, but to meet tihe emergency present
ed by times of stringency.
*I do not say that tis is tihe right sys
temi. I only advance it to emuphasize
mny belief that there is need for the
adoption of some system which shall
b' automatic and open to all sound
banks so as to avoid all possibility of
4lAerlminatton and favoritism.
The .law should be amended so as
specifically to provide 'that tihe fu6nds
derIved from customs dulties may be
reated by the seeretary of thle treas
iy as hIe treats funds(1 ob)tainled under
e internal revenue laws. . There
~houlid be a considerable increase in
bills of smalli denonminations. Permis
10on should be giveni banks, if necessa
under settled restrictions, to retire
their _irculation to a larger amount
than three millions a, month.
01r Outlyllin flossexxion".
I most earnestly hope that the bill to
provide a lower tarlif for or else abso
lute free trade 'ii Plillippine products
will become a law. No iarim will come
to any Anerlean industry, and, while
tiere-6ill b solie sinalil but real mntte
rial benefit to the Filipinos, the main
benefit will collie by the showing made
as to our purpose to do all in our power
for their welfare.
Porto Rican Affairs.
American citizenship fould be cop
ferred on the citizens of Porto Rico.
The harbor of San Juan, in Porto Rico.
should be dredged and improvel. The
expenses of the federal court of Porto
Rico should be met from the federal
The needs of Ilawall are peculiar.
Every aid should be given the Islands,
and our efforts should be unceasing to
develop them along the lines of a con
munity of small freeholders, not of
great planters with cooly tilled es
Alaska's needs have been partIally
met, but there must be i complete re
organization of the goverinimental sys
temi, as I have before indicated to you.
I ask your especial. attention to this.
Our fellow citizens who dwell oil the
shores of Puget sound with character
istic enOrgy are arranging to hoild in
Seattle the Alaska-Yukon-Pacilc ex
position. Tlls exposition in its pur
poses ald scope Should appeal not only
to the people of the Paiefic slope, but
to the people of the' United States at I
Rights of Aliens.
Not only must we treat all nations
fairly, but we must treat wvith justice
and good will all immigrants who coic
here under the law. Whether they are
Catholic or Protestant. Jew or gentile.
whether they come from England or
Germany, Russia, Japan or Italy, mat
ters nothing. All we have a right to
question is the manl's conduct. If he
is honiest and i *pright in his dealings
Nvitll Ills neighor ad with the state.
tile! he Is entiti1 to respect and0 goodl
treatmelont. -,peeially do we need to
relwnllmber olr, duty to tihe straligor
within our gates. It is tile sure mllark
of a low clvilizatioll, a low morality. to
abuse o- discriminate against or In any I
way 1umiliate suell stranger wIlo has
colie Ilere lawfully and wIo is con
ducting Illmself properly. To remem
ber tills is incumnllt onl Overy Amer
lei ci tizenl, and it is of' course pecul
larly iclulubelt Oil every governillent
oflicial, Iietier of the nation or of
the several states.
I am) prompted to say this by the
attitude of hostility here and] there is
sulied toward tile' Japanese in this
country. This hostility is sporadIle al(
is limited to a very few places. Never
theless It is most disereditable to us
as a people, and It Ilay be fraught
With tile tgravest colsequences to the
I ask fair treatmnent for the Jnpanese
as I wouldi ask fair treatment for Ger- I
mans Or Englishmen. Frenchinmen, Rus
sians or Italians. I ask it as due to
humanity anil civilization. I ask it as
due to ourselves, because we must act
uprightly toward all mien. I recoi
mend to tihe congress that an act be
passed specifically providing for the
naturalization of Japanese who come
here Intending to become American cit
izens. One of the great embar-rass
ments attending tihe performance of
our internautional olilgations is the
fact that tihe statutes of the United
States are enitirely inadequate. They
fail to gIv-e to tile nIatonal government
sufileitly ample power-, thurouigh Unit
ed States cour-ts and by tihe use of tihe
army and naivy, to protect alienis in tihe
righlts secured to them) under solemn
treaties which are tihe law of tihe land.
I therefore earnestly recommend that
the crimial and civil statutes of the
United States be so amended and add
ed to as to enable the president, acting
for the United States government,
which is responsible in our interna
tional relations, to enforce the rights
of aliens under treaties,
The Cuban Mattese.
Last August an insurrection broke
out in Cuba which it speedily grew evi
dent that the existing Cuban govern
ment was powerless to quell. Thanks
to the preparednless of our navy, I
was able immediately to send enough
ships to Cuba to prevent tile situation
from becoming hlopeless, and I fur
thermore dispatched to Cuba the sec
retary oil war anid tile assistant secre
tary of state in ordler tha.t they mIght
grapple with the situation on tile
In accordance withl tile so called
I?latt amlendmluent, whlich was emhod
led in the constitutIon of' Cuba, T there
upon01 proclaimed a provisional govern
ment for tile islanId, tile secretary of
war' acting as provisional governor un
til heC could be replaced by Mr. Magoon,
the late minister to Panama and gov
ernor of tile canlal zonle on the isthmnus.
Troops were senut to sulppor~t thmem and
to relieve thue navy, the expedition be
ing hanldled withl most satIsfactory
sp)eed anld efflqiency-. Peace hlas comel
ini tile island, anid tile harvesting of tile
sugar cane crop, the great crop of tile
island, is about to proceed. When the
election has been held and the now
government inaugurated in peaceful
and orderly fashion the provisional
government will corne to an enId.
The United States wishes nothing of
Cuba except that it shall prosper mor
ally and materially anId wishles nothing
of tIle Cubans stave that thecy shall be
able to p)reservue order among them
selves and thlerefore to preserve thleir
independ1ence. If the electionls become
Ulnarceuf'd if tile lusurrectionary habit
becoihes conflrnied on the island it is
absolutely out of the question -that the
islad shuld coantnna Inu4nanamn
n4 %C! tRiifed ible-s, whid- lIMS ns
milied the spollsorshllp before the ev
ilized World for Cbla's c:arver ats a til
ion, would again have to Iatervenv
md to see that tile goverlnlent was
mInalaged in such orderly faslhion as to
recuretlhe ia ety of life -1 na pi'operty.
The ItIo Conference.
The second international conference
Df American republics, 'held in Mexi
co In the years 1901-02, provided for
the holding of the third conference
within flive years and committed the
f1xing of the time and place and the
irrangements for the conference to the
governing hoard of the bureau of
Amerlean republics, composed of the
*epresentAtives of all the American
iations in Washington. That board
1lscharged the duty imposed upon
t with marked fidelity and pains
takiig cre, and upon lithe courteous
invitation of th'e United States of Bra
F.t the conference was held lit io do
JnIclro, continuing from the 23d of
July to the 29th of August last. Many
subjects of collimoln iiterest to aill the
Amerlean nations were disessed by
the conferenl'e. and4 the conlcliIsIloils
reached. Vimbodivid InI a s rivs ot rcso
hitionis :1i141 proposled col .vntiislls, will
be laid before yf 1n ololIn the coiing of
the fi-111 report of tle Aierleanl dele
I have .,w-zt returned I'rom a1 trip to
Pama Id Hhall rellort to you it
lengtiih ter ol the wholo subject of the
The Algec-IN Convention.
'the Algviras convention, which Awas
sigiied by the Unitel States as vell as
by Illost of the powers of Europe, su
p'edes tile prev0ous Convention of
1880, whileh vas also signed both by
the United States and a majority of
the Europonii powers. This treaty
c!onfers upon us equal commercial
rights with all European countries and
does not elitall a single obligation of
an11y kIind uponls us, anld I earnestly hope
it many ie speedily raitlfed.
The destructin of tile Pribilof Is
Inn I ur siI is byv ila ie II ln still
to th veirvc y im lin iS71 by direc
Riol of tho ie congese, 1bred -1,700,
11M). atnd which, nccording to the sir
vvy of both Alit-rieanl and Caladian
con) lilissiollers in 1891, almoulted tc
l,(_ljIo.(0, lmts now heeni redleed tc
allout 180.00. This re-silt has beien
brolgit nlaiRt by Canudian and somcllic
otilet' setling vessels killing the tealtl
seals while inl tie n\ater (1uiing t1heh
annuaIiill pilgr"-Ilige to an1d from tll(
satII Or Ill Searlcl of food.
The process of (lestrition has beet
nlecelerated, (i'Ing recent years by thx
appearance of i' minier of Japanes
Vessels engaged in p"lgle sealing.
Suitable representations regarding
the incident have beenl Imade to till
governmet of .Japan, and we ar ie as
suiredl that all practienble mleasulres Wil
be takenl Iy that country to prevenl
anyI. recujrr(.nIce of thle ouItrag.r.
We have lot rel;axed ouir efforts t<
secure fill agreement with Great li'it
ain for adeuInate protection of tile sca
herd, and nvgotlations with Japan fo1
the same purpose are in progress.
The laws for tile protection of th<
seals within the Jurisdiction of th<
United States need revision aln(
' Second Hague Conference,
In my13 last melssage 1 adlvlsed you
that tile emp)er'or of iiiussia hadl ta)ket~
tile inlitiaiti've in brtiniging abl.out a see
01nd p)ealce conf'erence at 'The ligue
Und(er the gulidanlce of ilussiai the air
trangemnt of the pr'elliminlaries fo:
such a conferenee hlas been prlogr'essingJ
durinlg tihe Past year'. Pr'ogtress hn5:
necessarily' been slow, owing to th<i
great nllumber of counitries to be conl
suIted upon01 ever'y quelstionl that ila)
arisen. It is a mlatter of satisfactiot
that all of tile American r'epulblics havei
now, for tile first tIme, been invited t<
join in the proposed conference.
Army and Navy.
It must ever be kept In mind thta
War is not merely Justifiable, butt imr
perative upon honorable men, upon ai
honorable nation, whlere peace car
only be obtained by the sacrifice o:
Conscientious conviction or of niationa
Tile UnIted States navy Is the sures
guaratntotr of peace which tis counRtr'y
possesses. I (10 not ask that we COnl
tinule to inicreaise our navy. I ash
mer'eiy that it be mialatainledi at iti
presenlt str'engthl, anld this can be done
only if we repliace tile obsolete and out
worn ships) by newv and good ones, thi
equ~alls of any3 aifoait ini lany nalvy. Ti
stop) bilidinig shipls f'or one( yeari meanil:
inteadSit of forwvar d.
InI both1 the army1i3 anld the navy'3 thier'
is urgent nee1r1 thasit (every3'til pl ossib I
should lie done1 to maliRitain the ligIh's
Mtanldard'l for thie personneiiil aill e as re
gar'ds the ohilers andli the enl1iste'd 1wn
I dho not believe thait ini any1 seri''i'
there'L is ai lineri body13 of olis teO mie:'
atlul of Jilnhiu' olicers' thani we l'.ve lI
turi' out exce.(llenlt oilceers. We do nio
i:e'l to have1 4. these5( schools made m110n
sc'lhhistle. Oni the contrarliy, we shou1k
uever' lose sighlt of the fact that tiii
aim11 of eachl school Is to turn out
man who shall be above everything
else a fighting mian.
Th'iere shiould soon1 be an increaise iR
the numlIber' of m~en for our coast de
fenlses. These men shiotuld be of thi
rIght typeO andl prloperly tr'ained, an11
there should ther'efor'e be ani increasi
of pay for cer'tainl skilled gradi(es, espeO
eily in the coast ar'tiller'y. Mlone:
should be appropriated to permit troop):
to be massed in body and exorcised ii
aneuavers particnlarly in marching.
o,Thie Pacific Mutual Lifeb
Its peculiar legal orgaiziiznio inkes it the stroigest ife
vio years old, It gives the greatest guairantees writlen in th
cost. Its n6n participating rates are less than any other cO
lowing are the rates per $1,ooo on non-participating plans.
VHIOLE 20 PAVMEN1T WH1OI
AGE 1,1FE. L1I1FIC. AG1' LI-F.
20 $14 65 $22 6o 35 21 70
21 I5 00 22 95 36 22 40
22 15 35 22 30 37 23 15
23 15 70 23 70 38 23 90
24 16 05 24 10 39 24 75
25 16 45 24 55 40 25 00
26 16 85 25 00 41 26 55
27 17 30 25 45 42 27 55
28 17 75 25 90 43 28 60
29 I8 25 26 4o 44 29 70
30 18 75 26 95 45 30 90
31 19 25 27 50 46 32 15
32 19 84 28 05 47 32 50
33 20 40 28 6o a8 31 95
34 21 05 29 20 19 36 50
$40,000,000 Besides Ass(
The "Pacific Mutual Life'
$o,o0o,ooo of its stockholders' private fortunes is, by tl
Fund for every policy holder of this Company. Stockhold<
profit from what policy holders pay in.
It is 40 ycars old. It has over $i(),o0),O)O of business i
the most liberal policies of any Lite Company. It writes i
more cash and more paid up Insurance at end of premiunim
largest dividends of any company doing business in South (
Call to see us.
Olice over old Post Office.
Will soon be at hand ai
market, with t]
I-WANT TO SELL YOU S4
I have been in the b)usiness a long time, and am a good
Send mec an order and let mec prove it.
Mly p)rices are as; low as good whiskey cani be sold for.
mneet the competition of unscrupulous dealers, I'll retire.
I am doing business on the squaro, an<
prepay expressage, but secure you the lowest
My prices are as low as you can expect
N siip All O-des a in, PIE
Wes,t Point Sie,
Private Stock C
Sweet Mash Co
'- ~Ask forme
insurance Coipany in America. It is nearly
e Policies of any I usuralnce Companly at less
ipay doing busine,ss in this section. The fol
20 PAV MENT Wiolu' 20 PAYMMN'I
f.Fi. AGIH LIFPH.. 141PH.
29 85 50 38 15 44 50
30 50 51 39 90 46 oo
31 20 52 41 75 47 60
31 95 53 43 75 49 30
32 70 54 45 85 51 15
33 50 55 48 1o 53 10
34 35 56 50 50 55 20
35 25 57 53 10 57 .15
36 20 58 5585 5985
37 20 59 58 'o 62 45
38 25 6o 61 95 65 25
39 35 61 65 30 6S 16
40 50 62 68 92 71 -5
.1; 75 63 73 8o 74 95
43 10 64 78 35 78 76
Pts of the Company.
'is the Company.
Ie State Law of CaIliforlia, a guaranteed Safety
-rs, according to IL:aw and Charter, derive no
n1 force in .1c) States and Territories. It writes
11 Corms of policies. It guarantees in the policy
paying period khall any Company, I t pays
Gen. Agt. for South Carolina.
-d we are still in the
e Shovel Plows.
and Cotton Planters.
)ME PUREh WiME
jud(ge of whiskey. Everyting I Se! I is good and pure.
W~hen it b)ecomes necessary to offer chleap) mixtutres to
I won't have your orders on any other basis. I do not
to pay for reliable goods.
LInl [ntkage b,V I Tirs-t I presa
ltin Rye, Our Loader-A pure ol Pen Quart 4 Full Quarts Gallon
tre ...........................................$d.() $3.3() $3.00
-*Absolutely pure ..........................1.00 .73 3.00
eptionally end.............................. .73 2'.73 2.30
urn (7 years old), none better............. 1.00 3.73 3.80
Superifor quality, recommended high
tecinaltuseo................................... .73 2.78 2.80
-Absolutely Dure.......................... .63 ,,.. 2.80
rn ............................................ .3 ..... 2.00
Irands are Pure and Good. Age and Quality govern Price.
mplete Catalog. Remit by Money order or Registered Letter.
CHLi Prorior MONTI D2ICLL C. : ATLATA OA
g HNTE AN AIo V. L