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,O-MINO10.NEWBERRY. S. 0. FRI DA.Y, DEOEMBFj"R 14.1I9041T6O EK.$.0 EJ
A1ONG NEGRO ME
STORY OF NEWBERRY FIRE
BR B GENERALLY DIS
Lewis Burton's magination.-Accus
ed Negro Ras old Various Sto
ries of Those Said to be in
Newberry, Dec. 11.-The only or
ganization among the negroes, in thf
neighborhood of Mr. P. N. Boozer
whose barn and mules were recentl
burned, is one among the women
-which owns a hearse, and has for ib
purpose the giving of decent burial t<
its members. An organization of fir<
brands is all fol de rol, according t(
the best testimony, although there ar(
'some who believe that such an organ.
ization dogs exist. But so far as youi
correspondent could find such an or
ganization existed only in the af
frighted imagination of Lewis Bur
The fire occurred last Saturda3
morning at about 4- o'clock. Burtor
was arrested at about 8 o'clock. Since
then he has given a continuous per.
formance of different stories. As sooT
as he would finish one version, h<
would commene-) telling an entirell
different one, with innocent disregare
of any conformik.
When first arrested Burton swor(
that he and'a white man, and tw(
other negroes had -done the burning
A little later he declared that .on
of these- had anything to do with it
but that two other negroes were im.
plicated. Almost immediately there.
after, lie declared that the two lasi
named hadf nothing to do with it, bill
that two others did.
The two negroes lie first -name
were Ernest Burton and Levi Ebaugh
They were arrested and are now ir
jail. The two negroes that he lasi
named are Henry Clary and San
Pinson. Clary has been arrested anc
is now in jail but Pinson has not yei
Lewis Burton's Story.
Lewis Burton was seen in his col
in the Newberry jail by your corres
pondent today. He talked freely
and his latest revised'story was as fol.
Ie had been a cropper with Mr. J
L. Connelly for the past year. Hai
made a very poor crop, all of whici
he had gathered and sold. He ha<
been unable to pay out. Now he wa:
engaged as fir6man for the ginner,
engine belonging to Mr. Boozer. 1Goinj
home about 8 o'clock last Wednesda:
from the ginnery lie met Henry 'Clar;
and Sam Pinson in the big road, abou
a hundred yards from Mr. Boozer'
house. They passed the time of day
and then they told him that the:
wante(k to see him on Friday night a
Mr. Boozer's store, which is near hi
house, but on the opposite side from
the ginnery. According to appoint
mont he wvent to tihe store on Frida,
night at about 8 o 'clock. He founI
Clary sitting on tihe piaza of thle stor(
Clary went with him to the road
some distance from the store. Clar:
talked to him about things in general
but nlothling in particular. Very sooi
Sam Pinson. joined thlem and asked
thley were going to do whiat 110 want
ed them. .Clary replied that lie wa
just beginning to talk aboilt it. Clar;
said Mr. Boozer had charged him .13
for a pair of shoes which lie had stol
en, anId lie intended to get even wvit
him. Pinson said he .was to be in
too, but (lid not say ho0w they woul
even scores. They asked Burton whal
time he went to ,the ginnery. He 'tol
thema between 4 and 5 o'clock in th
morning to make the fire under th
engine. They told him they woul
meet hliml there the next morning, bu
did not say what they intended doint
Hoiw it Was Burned.
Tihe next morning lie went to th
ginnery at his regular time, and ver
soon after Clary came up, and Pinso
did too, a little later. Tile three o
them then went to the barn whie
Was some distance from the ginner
and in the rear of:th'dwehlling housa
Chary said he intondeti burning tbi
born, and went into the loft and lit
match and set tile lhay ont fire. Clar
and Pinson then left dnd Burton wpr
back to the ginnerq. As soon as the
flames broke through the roof he
went to the dwelling and woke Mr.
Boozer, telling him that the barn was
on fire. Mr. Boozer told him to go
and let the stock out. He then ran to
the barn and tried to get the mules
out, and did get two out. But could
not get out the others.
Seventeen head of stock, fifteen
bales of cotton, the barn and its con
tents were destroyed. The loss is
about $5,000, insurance $400.
Asked why, upon being arrested, he
had said that Ernest Burton and Levi
Ebaugh had joined him in burning
the barn, lie replied that Clary and
Pinson each had proiised him $5 to
lay it to Ernest Burton and Levi
Ebaugh. Asked why lie had changed
to other parties, he gave no reason
at all, but replied that Clavy and
Pinson were the two others implicat
ed and that his last story was the
He had said at. one time that the
plot had been laid at a fish fry some
time ago, but that lie was -not at the
fish fry. It has been learned that lie
and Clary and Pinson did attend- a
fish,fry on Thanksgiving night, nine
days before the burning. -He denies
this part of the story now.
Telephonic communication in the
neighborhood of Mr. Boozer's home
gave the information that all was
quiet there today, and so far as could
be learned no other arrests have"been
Sheriff. Buford is deserving of the
highest commendation for the task
anV skill with which lie managed the
whole affair. When lie arrived on the
scene of the burning Saturday after
noon about fifty men had gathered,
Burton and the white man accused by
him had been caught and searching
parties were .out looking for the other
twQ negroes. The greatest excitement
prevailed. But the sheriff succeeded
in getting all of his prisoners to jail
without mishap. The white man was
not arrested, as lie succeeded in prov
ing an alibi immediately.
F. 11. M.
Mr. Creighton's Statement.
The general expectation of Metho
dists was that the committee would
find 'Mr.. Creighton guilty of ''gross
immorality.'' That general charge is
misleading. It i' unfortunate that the
church could not imitate the militia
and modify their charge so as to make
it ''conduct unbecoming, a minister.'
But gross immorality is a term gener
ally applied to conduct much worse
than Mr. Creighton was charged with.
Tt is very certain that, if the ''Golden
Rule'' had dominated the whole con
ference, the bishops included, and an
overpowering love had filled all
hearts, the trouble would have beer
settled long ago. In the Christiar
Appeal Mr. Creighton says after the
trial: ''We are not vindictive, we en
tertain no malice, we have taken up a
fight for liberty, right, justice, free
dAm of speech and constitutional
Methodism in SouthI Carolina; in suech
a fight we knew the danger to bc
great; wve ran great risk and we ae
j cept wvhiat has befallen us as our pari
,of the price which every true mar
,must pay, who stands for conviction,
, liberty, right, justice, freedom ol
,speech and constitutipmah Methodism
We are still a Methodist and wvill con.
f tinue to remain loyal and true to hi
.. policy, dloctrines and constitutioni. W<
s will now return to the ministry ani
e' prieach as a layman wherever we havt
3 the6 opportunity. The Christian Ap.
- peal will be published as long as ow
i health permits and the p)ublic sup
t ports it.''
tMurphy and Murphy the popuham
purveyors of Irish comedy iil be
seen this season as usual in their pohtu
l ar farce entitled ''The Irish Pawn.
brokers'' which has been wvritten witi
ta view to fit their personality. Thal
* the author has succeeded in an estab
hished. It is a 'story of Irish lif4
e in New York City apd the complica
y tions follow in rapid order.. As
n 'laugh producer it is a wonder. Many
f strong specialties wvill be introduce
Ii lby the different members of the comn
0 Stake the average man to a drink,
square meal, anid a good cigar and hi
creen iiot how wvags the world.
OUR WASHINGTON LETTER.
The. Work of Mr. Spencer of the
Southern in Developent of the
South-The Boll Weevil.
Spocial Cor. Herald and News.
Washington, Dec. 12.-A shadow of
gloom has been cast over the entire
Southern. conmunity in Washington
by the tragic death of Mr. Samuel
Spencer, President of the Southern
Railway. Personally, Mr. Spencer was
a lovable man and Southern ien' of
prominence in national affairs were
proud of his friendship. Mr. Spencer
never forgot the section in which he
was born; first and foremost he was
a Southern man. When lie was work
ing for railroads in other parts of the
country and acquiring the experience
liat was to place him in the front
frank of the great railroad men of the
country lie was planning the crown
ing work of his life the building up
of the South and the development of
Southern industries through the in
strumentality of a great railroad sys
tem. His opportunity came when he
was able to interest capitalists in the
plan which lie had worked out for the
amalgamation into the Southern Rail
way of the disjointed lines of which
it is now composed. Overcoming al
most insuperable difficulties lie suc
ceeded in bringing the Southern- sys
tem up to its present state of effi
ciency and was steadily carrying out
plans that if continued by his succes
sor will give to the South railroad
accommodations second to none in the
United States. The keynote of Mr.
Spencer's success as a railroad man
was his realization of the basic truth
that a railroad can only succeed as a
result of the proseprity of the terri
tory traversed by it. The splendid
advancement of the South. in recent
years is in large measure the result
of the practical application of this
principle. Considerations of immed
iate revenue for the road were always
subordinated to the policy of enab
ling Southern products to reach com
peting markets on favorable terms.
The establishment of n6w industries
was constantly facilitated and the in
vestor looking for an opening or the
man looking of capital for the devel
opment of an industry could always
count on the ready and effective as
sistance of Mr. Spencer and the
Southern Railway. There are many
prosperous establishments in the south
today that owe their present success
to the personal efforts of Mr. Spencer
to secure funds with which to tide
them over financial difficulties. It is
no exaggeration to say that in the
death of Samuel Spencer the South
has lost the foremost champion of its
Because of the belief of the en
tomologists of the Agricultural De
partment that the Mexican cotton boll
weevil will eventually spread oker the
entire cotton belt of the United States
cotton growers everywhere are inter
ested in the work that is being done
to combat this pest. Secretary Wil
son 's annual report shows that the
Department still believes that reli
anice is to be paced chiefly on improv
ed cultural methods and the planting
of early varieties. The Guatmalan
ant which wvas expected to be of great
Iassistance in fighting -the weevil
seems to be a complete failure as it
has been found that it can not sur
vive the wvinters even~ in the southern
part of the cotten belt. Insect parasi
tes are still being sought in the coun
tries from which the bool weevile
spread northward, but without" any
positive results up to this time. It
has been discovered, howvever, that
some native insects in that part of
Texas first infested have become par
asites of the weevil and are very
destructive. The Department will en
deavor to develop these parasites and
introduce them in other parts of the
infested region. Secretary Wilson
announces the success of the Depart-.
ment in developing a variety of cotton
that matures earlier than any that
has heretofore been cultivated. The
seed of this variety will be0 distributed
in the infested region anid it is hoped
that cotton growvn from it will dovelon
so early that the greater' part of the
cr.op will be matured each season 1)0
,fore the wveevils multiply sufficently
to be most destructive.
James 8, McCarthy.
THE NEWS or PROSPERITY.
The Oarnival Starts Next ilonday
Marriages of Happy Couples
Prosperity, Dec. 13.-Many of our
tores have a Christmas appearance.
A. Z. Counts has opened a grocery
store in the old dispensary building.
G. A. Maffett will open a grocery
store in the building just completed
on the lot where Steele's shop former
The skating rink club lhas organized
with twenty members. They are ex
pecting their skates every day. They
have purchased the very best roller
bearing adjusable skates.
A number of the stores have very
itttriictive show window displays.
A number of our young men have
organized a minstrel troupe and will
give their first performance in the
City hall Friday night.. The proceeds
will be given to the Lutheran church
Mr. and Mrs. A. G. Wise are in
Charleston for a few (lays.
The carnival will arrive next Mon
day, the 17th, and remain for one
week. Our city fathers have secured
the Smith Greater shows, one of 'the
largest. and best carnival companies,
to furnish the amusement.
. Dr. G. Y. Hunter spent a few days
in Charleston this week in attendance
upon the Grand Lodge of Masons.
The Ladies Aid Society, of Grace
church, celebrated its first anniver
sary meeting last Thursday afternoon
at Mrs. M. 0. J. Kreps.
Dr. T. F. Littlejohn, of Pacolet,
made a short trip to our town the
early part of the week.
The Woodmen of the World at their
meeting last Thursday night elected
the following officers:
, J.. P. Wheeler, Con.-l Commander;
R1. C. Counts, Adviser Lieutenant; T.
A. Dominick, Clerk; W. W. Wheeler,
Banker; J. A. Counts, Watchman; A.
Z. Counts, Escort.; J. S. Wheeler, and
M. S. Domnicik, -Aanag,ers.
Ahey will Nvc a fish and oyster
supper tlie fir-st 'lhu rsdIy night in
January, at whichii tie the above of
ficers will he inst ailled.
Hymen on last Sunday laid claim
to three couples in the same niegh
Sunday morning Simon Miller, Jr.,
and Miss Gssie liedenlbauhli, and
Augustus 11. Hawkins and Miss Juli
ette Bedenbaugh wer-e married at the
St. Lukes parsonage by Rev. S. P.
Koon. Both the young ladies are
daughters of 'Mr. M. W. Bedenbaugh.
Sunday- afternoon at St. Lukes par
sonage, A. Killiam Epting and Miss
Jeanette Bedenbaugh, daughter of
Mr. H. K. Bedenhaugh, were hap
pily united by Pastor Koon. We ex
The Smith Carnival Company will
open their week of fun and frolic here
oil next Monday, December 17. This
company comes with the endorsements
of the highest orer from all thie
towns where thley have given exhlibi
tions. It is a clean showv with no
There is a bigger thing on hand now
in Prosperity than the Smith Carnli
val, and that is the removal sale of
the S. S. Birge Company. They have
put the knife deep) into the prices and
the people are reaping the benefit.
W~heth)er you attenid the carnival- or
not, do not fail to attend the show at
Mr. Oliver Bobb is spending a week
or two at hlome.
The Knights of Pythias will have
their annual election to-night, Thurs
day. They will also confer tIle
Esquire and Knight rank. The lodge
is contemp)lating a ibanquet and puiblic
inst allation in January 07. Come dowvn
and enjoy tihe good things with us,
Mr. Sam Cannon, of Columbia, is
viidtng his sister in town this week.
Mrs. R. T. Pugih and children hlave
gone on a visit to hier parents in Geor
Mrs. D. WV. Boland has gone on a
v'isit to relatives in Macoil, Ga.
Mr. and( Mrs. E. B. Luther, of Co
lumbia, have been on a visit to Mr.
The William'Lester Chaptei? of the
Daughlters of the Confederaey met
with Mrs. 0. Y. Hunter Wednesday.
The SRmoin will moee. with Miss
Blanche Kibler on Friday December
Miss Marion Leckie, after a very
pleasanit visit to her sister, has re
lurned home in Chester.
Mr. Allen Caughiman, of Newberry,
ias been on a visit to our 'burg.
F. R. Hunter, the real estate man,
avas in town Wednesday.
W. B. Rikard, the watchman, was
i town Wednesday looking as pat
"iarchial as usual.
There is a general shaking up go
ig on among the movers at this time.
rhere will be quite a difference in
lie way of doing bisiness another
vear. The hard year may be a bless
n1g after all.
Capt. Rice, supervisor of the C., N.
2 L. railroad, was in town Wednes
lay. We hope that he will see that
some arrancemet is made to move
1he congestion here in cotton.
BUSY CAREER or w. W. FINLEY
SOUTHERN'S NEW PRESIDENT.
From a stenographer, thirty-three
y'ears ago, to the presidency of one of
tie great railway systems in America,
if not in the world, with a salhry of
P60,000 per year-such is the interest
ing career of William Wilson Finley,
who has been selected to succeed the
late Samuel Spencer as president of
the Southrn railway.
W'hen the nev president begins his
duties he will know every detail of the
immense work that lie is expected to
carry .out. He will not only be able
to execute, but lie can devise new
plans for the great system, for lie has
worked his way up, through every
department, from the humblest rail
road clerkship to the new oflice in
which he will control the affairs of
the Southern system.
He is fifty-three years old; in the
very prime of his experience; for of
the 53 years, 33 hiae been spent in
the most. active railroad service. Not
only ha.s lie semved in tle various cap
aeities of many systems, but 11e has
been also identified witi a mnumber of
railroad associations and which con
A Southern Man.
I will he a southern maln who will
take charge of a southern railway.
The officials of other roads have al
ready acknowledged his capabilities
and every remark concerning his pro
motion has been the most complimen
tary. Local officials of tle Southern
railway as well as the road's diree
tors have all expressed their pleasure
over his selection.
''Mr. Finley will be able to operate
the Southern railway on a systematic
basis,'' is tle concensus of tle state
ments that have been made. The fact
that he is a native of the south, has
spent most of his time with railroads
in this section and has stidied south
ern conditions, is one of the strong
est recommendations givenl him.''
His long service inl the traffic and
operating departments has, so his
friends say, insured him against any
failure in his newv office.
Mr. Finley is a native of Missis
sippi, having beenm horn in the little
town of Pass Christian in that state,
September 2, 1853. lie received a
grammer and high school education,
and entered the office of the vice
president of thme New Orleans, Jack
son andl Great Northern railr'oad as a
stenographer on May 1, 1873.
lHe served three years as a steno
graphler'. Until March 1, 1883, lie wvas
connected1 with the New Orleans,
Jackson and Great Northern and the
Chicago, St. Louis and Newv Omr
heansa roads, HIe rose from a steno
grapher to a secrtaryship to the re
ceiver, lie hlcd this position for
nine months, lie wvas then appointed
secretary to the agent for the trustees
of the road.
One year later lie was appointed a
clerk in the general freight depart
ment of the Chiengo, St. Louis and
Newv Orleans road, lHe acted in this
capacity for four years. Hie was then1
made assistant general freight agent
which position lie held for three years,
Promotions Were Rapid.
Leaving' the Chicago, St. Louis ani
New Orleans March 1, 1883, he wan
appoin ted assist ant gemneral freigh
neent of the Tpexas and Pacific divi
sion of the Missouri Pacific. Hie re
mained in this capacity for two year
and afterward was nppoint rd assist
nnit trenoral freirhi nrenf. for t.he re
ceiver of the Texas and Pacific rail
road. When the road was reorganiz
ed lie was made general freight agent,
which office lie filled from July, 1886,
to September 15, 1888.
He was then appointed general
freight agent of the Pan Handle
Route, comprising the Fort Worth
and Denver City; Denver, Texas and
Fort Worth; Fort worth And Denver,
Ind Texas and Gulf lines.
His rare ability as a traffic manag
er stood inl his appoint.ient as chair
man of the Trans-Missouri Traffic as
sociation, with i headquarters at
Kansis City. He sorved from May,
1889, to October, 1890, when lhe was,
elected chairman of the Vestern Pas
senger association at Chicago. Hie wias
(lhe head of Ohis organization for over
two years, resigning to accept, the pos
ition of general traffic manager of
tle Great Northern and Montana
Central railways. le served with
this road from May, 1892, to April,
Moved to Atdanta.
In April, 1895, Mr. Finley was ap
)ointed commissioner of the South
eri States Passenger association, with
headquarters inl A tlanta. His services
while here are well remembered. His
offices were in the E(Initable building
and the local railroad officials who
were here then tell many pleasant
reminiseences of the time.
Mr. Finley accepted the position
with the association wihen the policies
of a number of sonthern railroads
were said to be exceedingly slack. He
was described as ''coming into office
with a black snake over his right
shoulder which lie used to whip the
discomfited roads into line.''
''Mr. Finley was rigid,'' was the
opinion expressed at that time. Yet
among those who are gratified over
his appointment as president of the
Southern railway are a number of the
former officials of the reproved roads.
Goes With Southern.
Mr. Finley be;ran his connection
withi lie Montleirni railway in October,
1895, when lie resi-ned from the
Southern l'assen.-er assoeiation to ac
eept tile thiird vice presidency of the
Soiutliern system. A shorl~ lime after
lie went withte Sountlern railway he
was offered tle position of second
v'iec-presideit of lie ("reat Northern
railway, whclih was con(rfilled by J. J.
Mr. Finley was urged to nece)t the
ofTer, and when he expressed some
liesitancy, Mir. lill reqewst.ed ihim to
name his salary at whatever lie de
Mr. Finlly did so, anid Ihis proposi
tion was aecepted. ie served as
seeond vice president of the Great
Northern from May 15, to September
15, 1896, when lie was offered the
second vice-presidency of the South
In offering the position to Mr. Fin
ley the salary consideration was nam
ed at a considerably higher figure
than that which Mr. Hill, of the Great
Nortlhern, had agreed to.
As soon as lie was made second
vice p)residlent of the Southern Mr.
Finley was placed ini charge of all the
operiat ion of the road and the entire
tiraffie department was undi(er his sup
Next to President.
lHe stood iiext to the president of
the Southeirn Railwvay. All of the vice
presidents and officials belowv him re
ported to him, and lie reported to
President Spencer. His great capa
b)ility as a maiiager of the operating
depaitment of the road stamped him
as one of the greatest traffic men of
any iroad in the United States, aiid he
may lie saidl to have virtually bore the
responsibility of the ophrating de
While in this office many import
ant changes were inade in the operat
ig department, of the road as his sug
gestion, and the most modern methods
were introduced. Every change that
Mr. Finley recommended was success
ifully carried ouit.
IIt is this experience that has caus
ed the odirectoirs of the iroad to select
him as president of the mammoth
'The career of Mir. Finley is almost
analagonus to that of Mr. Spencer.
Both of the officials wer'e burn in the
south. Mr. Spencer was a Georgia
man ; Mr'. Finley has been an official
in Atlanta ; both of the men rose
thmroini"h hwi r own peri'd~ ent efforts
toi the hiighe'st oiffice of oine of the