Newspaper Page Text
ty Stra Decid' Ipor
h0ortant decision has been
-red by ieoe tary Straus, of the
-rttent of commerce and labor:
-o the 'ight of a State to indUce
idation .to that State. The deci;s
'holds 'in brief that in the -ircum
cs there is no violation of the
aktion laws or of the law, to Pko
,e importation of alleir coW
.t laborers in the action of the
t . OSouth Carolina, in this par%
ti A ease, in encouraging immigra
t1o )that .State or in pa 'g .the
nee yexpenses of .the im igrantl
in co, "to the State.
The Ofe on which the deci4ion i*
based Wated in South Carolina
For so 0iWe past the agricultural
and ma 44turing industries ol
South C ia, have been retarde
and were in danger of material in
jury. on accoun of the lack of labor
In order to relieo this condition ol
affairs the Legislature of South Caro
lina passed an Act creating a Stat
department of agriculture, commerce
E. J. Watson was apointed commis.
sioner of the department. He was em
powered by the Act to make such ar
rangements with steamship companicE
and the immigrants agencies in thiE
country and -abroad as would serve
best the interests of the successful
immigration, the necessary expendi
ture being made from an appropria
tion provided for the purpose. The
Act authorized the commissioner tc
accept contributions from such citiz
ens of the State as might wish to as
sist in bringing desirable immigrant4
to South Carolina.
The Wittekind's Arrival.
On November 4, 1906, the steamship
Wittekind arrived from Bremen at the
port of Charleston, S. C., having on
board about 475 aliens destined to va
rious points in the State of Souti
Carolina. About 300 of these alien,
were Belgian mill operatives, theii
wives and children, the remainder be.
ing German farm laborers and women
seeking domestic service. All of
these aliens were induced to migrate
to the United States by th'e State of
South Carolina, the State acting
through the medium of its Commis
sioner of Agriculture, Commerce and
Immigration, ' who' went to Europe
some time in August for the purpose
of inducing desirable immigrants tc
come to the State, the passage money
of the aliens was paid by the State
from a fund, part of which was ap
pointed by the State, and the balance
being contributed by various corpor
ations and individuals. This fund
was expended solely at the discretion
of the S.tate officials, and not unde0
the direction of the contributors.
The Commissioner of Immigratioi
of South Carolina found employmen:
and distributcd these aliens to various
points in the State, and in so doins
exercised his own judgment as to thc
person to wh'om and the locations t(
which the several aliens shiouldl i)
sent. The aliens were free t.o accep)l
or refuse any offers of employmeni
made to them.
The facts in this case were broughtl
to the attention of the Secretary ol
Commerce and Labor by the immigra
tion officers at the port of Charles
ton, S. C., and he in return referrcL
the matter to the solicitor of the de
part ment for his opinion as to wheth.
er or not the action of the commis
-sioner of immigration of South Cam,
olina in bringing these aliens to thi
United States was a violation of the
alien contract labor laws. ~Thie immi
gration service was duly notified ol
the expected arrival of the immi
grants in question and the right o
such aliens to land wvas left to thu
determination of the offiers admin
istering 'the Federal imimigratior
Mr. Watson's Course Upheld.
The question of the right of a State
under the national immigration lawm
to encourage immigration was ra ise(
by the offiials of another Southerr
State. It was referred to the depart
ment of commerte and labor. Realiz
ing its importance, Secretary Met
calf referred the legal question invol
ved to Solicitor Earle, of the depart
menit, 'for an opinion. Mr. Earle con
sidoted very 'carefully the facts ol
the case in connection with the statu
tes hearing up'on it and arrived final.
ly at the conclusion that there hia
been no violation of the national lav,
by the authorities of South Carolina
4 The opinion of Solicitor Earle goe
'ully into a -discussion of the law re
s' pecting immigration. He finds tha'
'so far as the prohibition agains
assisting' the importation or migra
tion of foreign 'laborers by promise 01
employment through adverisementlh
abroad is concerned, States and Ter
ritorles are' expressly excepted fron
~the opr.ation of 'the law.''"
lHe says fui\ther: "*By the terms o~
ithe Plgvlsion, States and Territorie
flay offer indneam~ents or make prom
isks to ?oleign laborers by advertise
inent prigted'and published'in foreign
dou4trios, and they are not forbidden
to 'assist' in, ie imigration of the for.
eign laboirs to whom such ofteri
While the opinion of Solicitoi
Earle is general in its applicatibn, h1
nmakes, it clear tha$ it relites to the
facts this, particular case and indi.
cates that different questions mighl
arise: if the facts themselves wer
In conclusion, it is stated as th(
opinion of the department: "The
plan pursued by Commissioner Wat
son, as it is shown to have been car
ried out, does not involve a violation
of the immigration laws of the Unit
ed States prohibiting the impor
tation of contract laborers; and I am
further of opinion that there has
been no misapplication of the exemp
tion in favor of States, Territories
and the District of Columbia conmi.
ed in Section 0 of the Act of MareA
Why does the small boy howl and
Why do the teardrops rain?
And why does he turn up his nose
In loftiest disdain?
It is because the toy he got
Upset his childish glee;
Its cast-iron frame was warranted
Unbreakable to be.
Why does the big girl hotly weep?
Why frowns her brow pre-empt?
Why does she curl her pretty lip
Expressive of contempt?
It is because the toy lie got,
(A fellow's heart, you see,)
Was made of east iron warranted
Unbreakale to be.
-McLandburgh Wilson in New York
Each day I give my heart away
Unto the passing throng,
They do not even have to pay
It 's always in my song!
Run Out by Immigrants.
''Want a job on the mine, eh? Do
you know how to use dynamite?'
"Yes, sare, I was a practical anar
chist for two years, until ze chcap
Germin competition lose meia ze job.
I have blown up much of ze nobility
of Europe.''-Sydney Bulletin.
give them a trial, saying what had
bmeen dlone for other mnigh t be accom
plishmed in my case, as nmany of the
cures seenmedl almost miracles. I pur
chased the medicines and began the
use of them with very little faith, as
I never believed in proprietary reme
dies. A fier a week's timq they inspir
(1 confidence and I contfinued their
use, when in thirty days' time I could
hear as well onit of the aiffected ear
as the other one. I give this photo
graph to you that others who are sf
fering~ as I (lid may know that these
Thme great interest that is taken in
these rema rkale remned ies by citizens
of the city andl county is shown by
the large numbers of pleI who are
calling at Peiham 's Drug store daily
to make purchases of the wonderful
To Them Who Wait.
Bill made a call upon his Jane,
Paw #at in the next room.
A very sad arrangement this,
They-had no chance to spoon. C
Papa came in to take a look;
He tlought they were too still.
But Jane-was sitting over there
While over here-was Bill.
Bill asked for a kiss,
She turned the light down very low
-Gerard Smith in The Bohemian.
The Dear Thing.
Hubby-My pet, you will pardon
me, but aren't those griddle cakes a
little burnt? Wifely (almost in tears)
-O Tom I And I tried to make them
so pretty for you with that pyrograpl!
set you gave me.-Boston Transcript. F
A Study in Flats.
"Behold me in the dust at your
feet," pleaded the ardent wooer,
droppig on his knees.
A pained look came over the wi
dow's face. a
''I want you to understand, sir,
that I do my own housework,' she
said, coldly.-Boston Transcript.
"Let never winc-glass touch your
My pa has made this law,
I cannot disobey hitn, so
Bartender, add a straw.
The Correct Kind.
"Here's a pretty kettle of fish,"
said the lineman as lie looked at the
wires twisted together by the big fire.
The intelligent compositor who was
oii the scene looked about him.
"I should say, rather,'' he marked,
''that it was a ease of current 'pi.'
It is easier to write silly letters
than it is not to mail them.
Some run down reputations could
not be uplifted with dynamite.
It takes a woman to do things prop
erly without knowing how.
Mi~r. Harry Armstrong, oif 167
Whitehall street, Atlanta, managor of
the great; Keeley D)ry Goods company,
is one of the many whlo are sending in
testimonials of' the merit of the rem
edies nmanufactured by the Payne
Remedy Co., of Lexington, KCy., which
Mr. Payne is so successfully advertis
ing in Greenville. Mr. Armstrong
''When small I had scarlet fever
and it affected my hearing, and it has
been growing worse from year to
year. I had to stop) at.tending church
h)eeanuse of it, andl it has been a source
of' deep embilarrassment in my business.
transactions. I have indeed been
greatly hampered. WVhien Mr. Payne
wvas in this city advertising his re
medhies that startled Atlanta and the
whole South, nly son eu.aed m- to
The Pacific Mutual L
Its peculiar legal organization makes it the strong
o years old, It gives the greatest guarantees writt
Dst. Its non-participating rates are less than any
>wing are the rates per $1,ooo on non-participatinj
WHOL1 20 PAYMENT WHOL
ILoH LIFM. 11IE. AGIC LIFEL
20 $1465 $22 60 35 2' 7(
21 15 00 22 95 36 22 4(
22 15 35 22 30 37 23 1,
23 I5 70 23 70 39 23 9
24 i6 05 24 10 , 39 24 7,
25 1645 24 55 40 25 0
26 1685 25 00 41 26 54
2 17 30 25 45 42 27 S,
2 17 75 2590 43 28 6
29 18 25 26 40 44 297i
30 1875 '2695 45 30 9
31 39 25 ' 27 5 46 32 If
32 1984 28 0 46 32 5'
33 2040 28 60 41 34 9
34 21 05 2920 49 365S
The "Pacific Mutua
$40,ooo,ooo of its stockholders' private fortunes i
und for every policy holder of this Company. St<
rofit from what policy holders pAy in.
It is 40 years old. It has over $xoo,ooo,ooo of bi
ie most liberal policies of any Lite Company. It
iore cash and more paid-up Insurance at end of [
trgest dividends of any company doing business in
Call to see us.
Office over old Post Office.
-our hand dd , .ut touch the dou.;h,. No
, whole .pldoand deliciou.. I i i
The "Universal" Co
yar he thfu'.:n .vid ai bvr
c.I. c t.... . . . :cd.ually
r,me pop'r. of the offee bean a-e
hi:n. -i .e unwh~olu.'mo properties
thre cO~ce ia i.edy to .erve --a)pptizini
Sanid 1ilite" h'niame \Ware. $2.50 I
The "Universal" Foi
hoper is so large that whaitever is beir
eutmig t.:ei fhiide theC h:iirel. Ch.ops a
food, Iruit, fsh anid vegeiables, fine or
holes or openings to becomec clogged, nIc
:WANT TO SELL YOI
I have been In the b)usiness a long time, and am
and me an order and let me prove it.
My prices are as low as good whiskey can be s<
Leot the competition of unscrupulous dealers, I'll retire.
I am doing business on the sqt
prepay expressage, but secure you th
My prices are as low as you ca
I shg, All Orders
__ _ _ _ _THRE I
ife Insurance Cqmpany.
est Life Insurance Company in America. It is nearly J
en in the Policies of any Insurance Company at less
Dther company doing business in this section. The fol.
H 20 PAYMENT WHOr, 20 PAYMAN
M,PF. AGIC LIW .LMg
29 85 50 38 15 4450
3050 5 39 90 46 o
3120 52 41 75 47 60
31 95 53 43 75 4930
32 70 54 45 5 15
33 50 55 4 10 53 10
34-35 56 50 50 55 20
35 25 7 53 10 57 45
3620 55 8S 59 85
3Z 20 59 5 8o 62 45
3825 60 61 95 25
3935 6z 6 30 1
4050 62 682 71 45
41 75 63 73 74 95
43 10 64 7 35 78 76
Asses of the Company.
Life" is the ompany.
s, by the State Law of California, a guaranteed Safety
ickholders, according to Law and Charter, derive no
isiness in force in 40 States and Territories. It writes
vrites all forms of policies. It guarantees in the policy
remium-paying period than any company. It pays
Gen, Aot. for South Carolina.
to Get Your
ad MYaker sipaeaier, qu cer
omei~ work of hand kneading. dicker-by
Jing, rod does the work better and more
b)y hand in 30 minutes. Cleaner-because
r it, no germs. Bread that's always the same
fee Percolator J3'n"s*** the tahl:
.It starts with cold water, and as it per..
neca.ing in temperature, only the whole.
'xtracted. No boiling water to- release the
B3y the time t0e boilin point is reached
rich and wholesome,. d of Aluminum
ip, different styles and sizes.
~d Chopper Op*''"'' theeaiest'e
cuetethroat of the
chopdreaddy finds its way to the seven
kinds of meat, raw or cooked, all kinds of
oarse, into clean cut, uniform pieces. No
strength wasted in squeezing or mashing.
SSOME PURE WHISKEY
a good judge of whiskey. Everything I sell is good and pure,
uld for. When It becomes necessary to offer cheap mixtures to
are, and won't have your orders osn any other basis. I do not
o lowest possib)le rate.
c xpect to pay for reliable goods.
n ini n P ckatge by Plesat Ihxpress.
.int Special Rye, Our Leader-A pure old Pen Quart 4 Full Quarts Osliom
yvnnia R yo .........................................$1.50 $530 $3.00
am Rye--A bsolutely pure ..........................1.00 3.73 3.30
ye--Exceptionally good...................,.....,,,.75 2.75 2.80 '
Stock Corn ( Iears old), none better ........ 1.00 3.75 3.0
I Corn- Superior qutality, recoinmendedhlgh-~h
- for medliunal use ................................. 75 2.75 2.30
In Corn-Absolutely pure .....................65 .... 2.00
Inash Corn ....................................... 3......... 2.00
These Brands are Pure and Good. Age and Quality govern Price.
for my Complete Catatog. Remit by !vonsey Order or Registered Letter.
IIRLICI Prretor, MOUNTN DELL0 ATANAO.A
g ANi. N AIO V.