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a.9n4 'ofte of the best farmers in the
- Otato, tried. 10 aeres' o'i his fadr'm in
] 1exington county. He followed the
plan as closely as 'he could, but on
account of the excessive rainfall was
pot able to apply; fertilizer at the pro
per time. He made 400 bush6is on
16 acres. He had made on the same
land, under the old method, 15 bush
els to the ,aere, with, 200 pounds of
fertilizer. Capt. Griffith says he cut
the piece describing the. Williamson
plan out of the. paper last spring. He
is. satisfied that the plan is the troe
method of cultivating corn; says there
is not a bit of doubt about it. He is
impressed with the improved condi
tion of land under this method.
From every quarter of the State
news has been received of the plan
being .tried and found 0. K. Nobody
doubts it but thos who have not tried
I made several measurements in the
Irows on Mr. Williamson's plantation.
The first 30 feet showed 34 stalks;
the second 39; the third 44, and the
fourth 36. This makes a rough aver-.
age of 38 stalks, or about eight inches
apart. This corn would average 65
bushels,to the acre.
Enormous Root Growth.
The enormous root growth is mark
ed. A grown man can hardly pull up
the stalks now and can not do so
when they are green.
Weighing the cob and the corn
shows that 87.50 per cent. is corn, as
against.60 per cent, for the old meth
One of the notable features is the
large full ear; there are very few
faulty ears'and nubbins. I noticed
this in every pile of corn I saw while
in Darlington county. There is as
qnuch improvement in the averagel
ear as in the actual amount of corn
As to Mr. Williamson.
So solicitious is he that the lan
should be exploited for the benefit of
the "one-horse" farmer that Mr. Wil
liamson shuns personal notoriety of
all kinds. He has made nothing and
expects to make nothing by his dis
covery, which is destined to change
the face of the country, and almost at
a bound make the South independent
of the world. When the Southern
farmer is raising his corn and meat,
he can fairly well set a price for his
cotton and get it.
However, it is not violating this
rule of Mr. Williamson's to say he
was educated under Dr. J. M. Me
Bryde, then the leading agriculturalist.
of the South, and it was on account of
this training in scientific agriculture
that the discovery became possible.
Mr. Williamson felt that lie was doing
nothing toward making corn except in
making stalks, and that it was of the
last importance that a method should
be found for making corn.
'We were all in darkness,'' lie
says, ''and I lighted a lamp, by means
of which I found the way out.''
Mr. Williamson deprecates any
criticism of Prof. W. P. Massey, te
noted agriculturalist of R aleigh, for
he recognizcs Prof Massey's great
service to Southern agricnlture. Mr.
WVilliamison feels sure lie can convert
Prof. Massey and that the latter's
criticism of the *Williamson p)lan rests
on a mnisunderstanding of wvhat the
plan is. In any event he feels that
Prof. Massey deserves more than
*ordinary consideration at the hands of
every Southern farmer and he free
ly accords it, no matter what Prof.
Massey may think of his plan.
There has been strong talk of hold
ing a corn convention in Columbia
about the 1st of February, in order
that ffirmners from all over the State
may meet together and compare ex
periences for the coming year. The
importance of the subject demands
This dis9covery is the brightest
gleam of light that has yet fallen on
the Southern farmer.
James Henry Rico, Jr.
MR. W[t&IAMSON'S PLAN
oP HOW TO GROW CORN.
Scientific Discovery of (7orn Olture
by D. Mclver Willisambon of )a.r
Owing to the interest manifested in
tl4e Williamson plan of corn culture
The State today reproduces in 'detail
the icvr of a successfull Darling
2 For a nnmber of years after I
hagan to farm I followed the old
niethao4 of putting the fertilizer all
mde7 the. cofD, planEing on a level
or higher, six by three feet, pushing
the plant from the start And making
a big stalk, but the eaiy 'were few and
.requently small. I planted much
cor'n in the spring amnd bought mueh
more corn the next epring, until final
ly I, was 'driven to the conclusion that
corn could not be mnado on uplands in
this section, certainly not by the old
method except at a loss.
"I did not givae up, however, for I
knew that a fermer who did not make
his own corn never had nleceehded, an l
nevei' woulW, soI began to experi nen
First I planted lower, and the yiOl(
was better but the stalk was ofill to
large, so I discontinued altogethe
the app)ication of fertilizer befor
planting, and knowing tha4 all crop
should be fertilized at some time,
used mixed fertilizer as a side appli
cation and applied the more solubb
nitrate of soda later, being guided it
this by the excellent results obtaine(
from its use as a top dressing foroats
still the yield, though regular, wa
not large, and the smallnes's of th
stalks now suggested that they shoul
be planted thicker in the drill. Thi
was done the next year with result
so satisfactory that I continued fror
year to year to increase the number o
stalks and the fertilizer, with whic
to sustain them, also to apply nitrat
of soda at last plowing, and to la
by early, sowing peas broadcast. Thi
method steadily increased the yiel
until year before last (1904) wit
corn 11' inches apart in six-foot row
and $11 worth of fertilizer to the acre
I made 84 bushels average to the acr<
several of my best acres making a
much ap 125 bushels.
'Last year (1905) I followed th
same method, planting'the first wee
in April 70 acres which had produ'e
the year before 1,000 pounds seed cot
ton per acre. This land is sandy uj
land, somewhat rolling. Seasons wer
very unfavorable, owing to the tr<
mendous rains in May and the dr
and extremely hot weather late:
From June 12 to July 12, the tim
when it moet needed moisture, thei
wos only five-eighths of an inch c
rainfall here; yet with $7.91 cost c
fertilizer, my yield was 52 bushAL
per nere. Rows were six feet an
corn 16 inees in drill.
''With this method, on land thE
will ordinarily produce 1,000 pound
of seed cotton with 800 pounds c
fertilizer, 50 bushefs of corn per ac1
should be made by using 200 pound
of cotton seed meal, 200 pounds c
acid phosplite and 400 pounds c
kainit mixed, or their equivalent i
other fertilizers, and 325 pounds c
nitrate of soda, all to be used t
side application as directed below.
''On land that will make a hal
and one-half of cotton per acre whi
well fertilized, a hundred bushels o
corn should be produced by doublin
the amount of fertilizer above, excel
that 300 pounds of nitrate of sod
should be used.
''In each case there should be let
on the land in corn stalks, peas, vin<
and roots, from $12 to $16 worth c
fertilizer material per acre, besid<
the great benefit to the land friom s
large an amount of vegetable matte
The place of this in the permaner
improvement of land can never 1:
taken by commercial fertilizer, ft
it is absolutely impossible to mak
lands rich as long as they are laec
ing in vegetable matter.
'Land should be thoroughly an,
deeply broken for corn, and this i
the time in a system ,of rotation
deepen the soil. Cotton requires
more compact soil than corn, an
while a deep soil is essential to ii
as well on loose open land, while eor
does best on land thiorough1ly brokei
A deep soil will not only produce mom
heaivily than a shallow soil wit.h goo
seasons, but it wvill stand more wet a
well as more dry weather.
''In preparing for the corn croi
land should be broken broadcast dii
ing~ thme winter one-fourth deeper tham~
it has been plowed before, or if mune
vegetable matter is being turned umi
dher, it may be broken one-third decer
er~. This is as .much deepening a
land wvill usually stand in one yea
andl produce well, though it may b
continued each year, so long as mume
dead vegetable matter is being turne
under. It nmy, howvever, lbe subsoil
ed to any depthm by folowing in bol
tom of turn plow furrow, provided n
more of the subsoi? thptn has boo
directed is turned up. 19rmeak with
two-horse plow if possible, or bctta
with disc plow. With the latter, coi
ton stalks or corn stalks as large a
we ever make can bd turned unde
without leaving been chopped, and i:
pea v'ines it wvill not choke or drag
Never p)loW land when it is wet, if yo
expect over to have any use for i
"'Bed wIth turn plow in six-foo
rows, leaving five-inch balk. Who
ready to plant, break ths out wit
scooter, following in bottom of ti
fur'row deep with 0Dlxle plow, win
taken off. Ridge then on this furrgn
with same jilow still going deep. Ru
corfl planter on this ridge, droppa
ons grain every five or six inchei
Plant ea neeon as frost danger i
past, say first seasonabile spell aft.
March 35th, in this seetion. Especiall,
is early planting necessary on vor
rich lands wvhero stalks cnnot othet
wvise be prevented from growing to
large. Give first working wvith hat
row or atny plow that wIl not cove
the plant. For second working, us
ten dr twelve-inch sweep on both side
of sorn which should'now be abou
6ight inches high. Thin after
I working. It is not necessary that
) plants should be left all the a
r distabce apart, if the right nur
3 remain to each yard of row.
" 'Corn should not be worked aj
I until the growth has been so ret'ar
- and the stalks so hardened that it
3 never grow too large. This is
I most difficult 'point in the whole
Iess. Experience and judgment
P required to know just howi much
3 stalk should be stunted, and pl,
3 of nerve is required to hold back
I corn when your neighbors, who r
3 lized at planting time and cultiv
3 rapidly, have corn twice the sizi
I yours. (They are having their
now. Yours will come at hat
I time.) The richer the land the i
3 necessary it is that the stunting
V cess should be thoroughly done.
' "When you are convinced
your corn has been sufficiently hit
ated, you may begin to make the
3 It should now be from 12 tc
inches high, and look worse than
have ever had corn to look befor<
''Put half your mixed ferti
(this being the first used at all
tie old sweep furrow on both .
of every other middle, and cove:
breaking out this middle with
plow. About one week later trea
other middle the same way. Wi
ia few days side corn in first mi
with 16-inch sweep. Put all yom
Y Crate of soda in this furrow, if
than 150 pounds. If more, use
e half of it now. Cover with one fui
of turn plow, then sow peas in
middle broadcast at the rate e
least ones bushel to the acre,
finsh breaking out.
"In a few days side corn in c
middle with same sweep, put bal
of nitrate of soda in this furroi
s it has been divided, cover with
c plow; sow peas, and break out.
lays hy your crop with a good
1and plenty of (irt arointd your s
This should be from June 10 tc
unless the season is very late,
corln should be hardly bunehing
"Lay by early. More corn is i
ed by late plowing (lan by lae
a plowng. This is .when the ear is I
f Two good rains after laying by sh1
make you a good erop of corn, am
t will certaily make with nmucl
rain thian If pushed and fertilize
the old way.
"''The stalks thus raIsed are
s small, and (1 not rcrInire anyt
f like the moisture evenl n1 propol
s to size, that is neces-:ary for
e sappy stalks. They may, there'for
left much thicker in the row. Th
t no new process. It has long be
e custom to cut back vines and
r in order to increase the yield
e quality of fruit, and so long as
do not hold back your corn, it wil
like mine so long went, all to sta.
" "Do not be discouraged by
s looks of your cori during the pr<
o of cultivation. It will yield ou
a all prmoportion) to its appearence.
El ge stalks can not make large yi
s except withI ext remely favor'able
e sons., form the y canl not stan a11f lat
i mioisturie. Eeaurly appl ica tions
.imaure go to inake large stalks, w
1.you (1o not wanmt, anid the plant
s (Cont inued on pac-e six.)
that will last a life time is whai
- want. Our Om gans have a pure
- and lovely cases. We can su
Syou with an Organ that will ple.a
every particular for only $65 an<
delivered. Write US for our sp
aterms of payment, and for illustra1
of the beautiful Organs referred to,
iIf you prefer a Piano we have I
tiful and good new Uprights from
-up on easy terms.
'Malone's Music Hotus
c.~uMnIA, S. C.
We have thousands of' bushels
in stock, selected from the best
crops grown in this country; all
the best and moat productive
Burt, or 90-Day,
Red Rust Proof,
WhHis and Black Spring, Vir
naGyWinter, ete. 'Write
WOOD'S NEW SEED BOOK for 1907
-tolls all about Seed Oats and all
LFarni and Garden Seeds. Mailed
)free on request.
/ RICHMOND, .VA.
Analytical View of tht
Greatest Combination of strong in
,ain Complete Common Sense, Pra
will Ready Seller for the Agent,
tire 1. Cash
31ty 2. Cash
our Protection able
1rti- 3. Cash
fun Afforded. 4. Cash
iore 5. Cash
ni- 1. Paid
ear. NL 2. Extei
18 Non- 3. Liber
Forfeiture . Auto.
) in Privileges prerr
ides &0 5. Chan,
by 4 indei
(i."l Maturity Divi
ni- 2. Paid
oe Settlements Val
irow 3. Both
this 4. Life
and 1. Incon
Ute 2. Auto
ahcr 8. Polio
turn 4. Chan
This Special 5. Polio
bed Q6. Thirt
20,k Privileges 7. Mode
and 8. Conv
of 10. Cost
ould - ----------- - --
less Policies Containing all of the a)
( in on whole Life, limited pay or endo
" Pacific Mutual Life It
, he Call to see us.
is is Office over old Post Office.
,The Place t
T he "Ei niversal" Bread
b:-ctd. Eae-r -dra- away with the tiresom..
turn:ing the h.an&P thre-'s minutes the kneading
blhorou~.i thans you cou4d possdbly do it byl
your has da rnot toaeh the dough. No dirt,
lih,wholesome and delicious. Price $2.00.
The "Universal" Coffee
yeari a he:.'% and ir.vignating beverage, I
coletes thiroth:h the coll.e, rasdaah1y hacre.
some properdtes of t.e cofe e an are eraci
] ~th~e '. a is ready to serve-sppetzing. rc
e.d 'EUe" Eme Ware. $2.50 up, si
The "Universal" Food i
Yhopper la so large that whatewver is bo'q cho
dIfi .t fish endi vielables, fans or coara
i Combination Policy
surance Features Ever Devised.
ctical Policy for the Insured,
People's Peerless Policy.
Weekly Income, if Totally or Partially dis
i by Accident (62 weeks).
Weekly Income, if Totally or Partially dis
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Annual Income, if Totally or Permanently
led by Any Cause (Ten Years).
payment, Face of Policy, upon death of in
Annual Income-Old age benefit after ma
Jp Insurance, after third year.
ided Insurance, after third year.
al Cash Loans, after second year.
natic Extension of Insurance, fully par
tting, by applying reserve to payment of
ge of Occupation, automatically adjusted,
nnity being paid accordingly.
Up Participating Insurance and Cash
Up Participating Insurance, for entire
e (Reserve and Dividend).
Reserve and Dividend Values in Cash.
testable after first year.
natically Non-Lapsing, after third year.
y Re-Instated, within one year after date of
ge of Beneficiary on request of Insured.
y Transferable For Assignment.
y Days'Grace allowed for premium payment
of Paying Premiums changed on request.
ersion of Policy into other life or endow
t forms allowed.
y (Death Benefit) pay able in one sum or In
Reduced to mielmum by liberal dividends,
ial or deferred.
)ove excellent features issued
wment plan, exclusively by the
Gen Agt. for South Carolina.
o Get Your
work of hand knreadin de-b
rod dostework ~Ctt ab e
o germs. lhead that's always the same
Percolator *n~ *ote al
starts with cokd watr, nd asatpr
ilerent styles and sizes.
~hopper 2thoT -th
m net1ir c ooked,ao kds of
into clean cut, uniform piecce. No
th wasted am uqueezing or raashing.