Newspaper Page Text
VOL XLLV. NO. 4 NEWBERRY. S. 0. FRIl1DAY, JANUARP,,Y 11. 1907. TLEAWE.$ 0 ER
RICHARD 'S. WHALEY
OPENING OF SESSION OF GEN
ERAL ASSEMBLY YESTERDAY.
Withdrawal of Mr. Nash From Itace
Simplifies Election-The Other
Speaker-Ricliard Smith Waliley of
Clerk-Thiomats.C. llamner, Jr., of
Reading Chlrk-John S. Withers
Sergeant-at-arms-John S. Wilsor
Chaplain-Rev. R. N. Pratt of Co.
Contrary to general expectatior
but two ballots were held for speak,
er when the house of representative.
met Tuesday at noon. On the first
ballot the voting was for Messrs
Richard S. Whaley of Cabrleston, D
D. McColl, Jr., of Bennettsville and
J. W. Nash of Spartanburg. On th
result of the vote being announced
and there not being a necessary ma
joirty to elect, the name of Mr. Nasli
was withdrawn and Mi. WhNaley was
elected by a vote of 64 to 55.
With all that, however, it took th(
body three 'hours to finish the elee
tions a,nd select their seats and il
was necessary for the reading of the
governor's message to be postponed
until today, noon. A part of this time
was spent ill discussion over the adop.
tion of the iuls for'the session and it
took the house 15 minutes to decide
whether or not the election of a chap.
lain should be postponed.
- Mr. Gary Presides.
The gallery and floor were crowd.
ed wiien Mr. Thomas C. Hanier, ac't
in- Clerk. rapped for order at Iioor
and asked for the election of a teli
porary chairman. "Mr. Join .
Richlards, Jr., .nmnae Mr. Franli111
B. Gary o4 Abbeville. Mr. Gary was
uy elected ald onl takinI
hie chlair ordered the calling" of thle
'oll. Messrs Courtenay of Aiken
Doar of Georgetown and Gause of
Willianisburg' were absent. Tlier<
v onle ra11y of' hoiinior in the other
lvise routine and dull proceedings.
[r. IIamer called the roll from tl
ewspaper. list printed some time a1g
ud wlien Clarendon was reached reatl
tame of 1). L. Green. There Was no
nswer and he was about to be mark
d absent when a iemlber. of, the dele.
ation informed tile clerk ilat MIr
rcen failed of reelection.
Election of Speaker.
The election of speaker came next
Ir. J. P. Gibson of Marlboro, in a
hort speech nominated Mr. McColl.
t was seconded by Mr. Croft of Aik
Mr. Glveorgae F. Von Koillitz of
harleson placed before time assem
ly the naie of Mr. Richard S
Vhaley, which was secomnded by Mr'
r'aser' of Sumter.
Dr. J. H. Miller of Laurens nomi-11
ated Mr. J. W. ,Nash, which wvas see
nded 'by Mr. M. W. Walkei' ol
partanburg. The nominations their
losed. Messis. Von Kolnitz, Richiards
mud Miller wei'e appointed tellers
On the fiirst ballot the vote stood as
Aull, Banks, Beattie, A. 0. Brice,
Bi'yan, Carey, Carrigan, Clinkseales
Cosgrove, Coth rau, .Cox, DeVore, '1. B.
Dodd, Th'aser, Fr'ost, Gr'eer, G'yles
Hall, Harley Hemlphill, Hinton, Hy
diik, Kel lahan, Lawson, Legare
Manmi, Marshall, Nesbi tt, Nicholson,
ivem, Parker', Patterson, Rucker
aye, Scarborough, Sellers, Shipp, P.
~mith,~ K. P. Smiithi, Spivey, Still
eli, ThIom as, Todd, Vander'horst
rner, von:Kolnitz, Wade, Wallace
ite Wiggins Wimberley, Win'
er,' Bailey, Ballentine, Bethune
,Brantlpy, T. S. Brico, Cannon
/ Carwile, Crof t, Cullei', Der.
Diek, Dingle, Dixon, Douglas.s
bg, 191pa, Epting, O'rris, J. P
, Glasseock, Hairris, Hughes
Kersha w, 'Kirven, Lane, Los.
itner, Little, McKeowvn, McMas
ley,/Norton, Richards, 146hiard
Rosai; - avIyer, Serd4gs
*5 ngi e
Stubbs, Tatum, Tompkins, Woods,
Arnold, Clary, J. H.- Dodd, W. J.
Gibson, Goodwin, 1-arrison, John
stone, McArtihur, Miller, Morrell,
Nichols, Reaves, Walker-13.
Not voting-Harmon, McColl, Nah,li
Neessary to a choice 59.
The Second Ballot.
Mri. Walkier thien, ,withidrew thec
inaie of Mr. Nash and the -second
'ballot resulted as follows:
Arnold, Aull, Blanks, Beattie, A. G.
Brice, Bryan, Carey, Carrington,
Clary, Clinkscales, Cosgrove, Cothlran,
Cox DeVore, J. B. I)odd, J. H. Dodd,
Fraser, Frost, W. J. Gibson, Greer,
OGles, Hall, Harley, Hemphill, Hinl
ton, Hydrick, Johnstone, Kellahan,
Lawson, Legare, McArthur, Mann,
Marshall, Nash, Nesbitt, Nichols,
Nicholson, Niver, Parker, Patterson,
Reaves, Rucker, Saye, Scarborough,
Sellers, Sihpp, D. L. Smith, Kurtz P.
Smith, Spivey, Stillwell, Thoinas,
Todd, Vanderhorst, Verner, von iKol
nitz., Wade, Walker, Wallace, White,
Wiggins, Wimberley, Wingard, Yel
Ayer, Bailey, Ballentine, Bethune,
Boyd, Brantley, T. S. Brice, Cannon,
Carson, Carwile, Croft, Culler, Der
ham, Dick, Dingle, Dixon, Douglass,
Dowling, Epps, Epting, Garris, Gary,
J. P. Gibson, Glasseock, Goodwin,
Harman, Harris, Harrison, Hughes,
Jones,.Kersliaw, Kirven, Lane, Lester,
Leitner, Little, M'eKeown, McMaster,
Mliley, Miller, Morrell, Norton, Rieh
ards, Ricliardson, Robinson, Sawyer,
Seruggs, Sh ape, Slaughter, J. E.
Smith, Stubbs, Tatum, Tompkins,
Woods, Wychie-55. %/.
Not voting-Whaley, McColl.
Total vote 119. Necessary to elect.
The aivc vote, takenl fr',mIII the of
fieial journal of the house, does not
give A1r. F. B. Gary's vote. Mr. Gary
voted for Mr. MeColl, wliih.changes
Ihe vo(te, received by Mr. McColI from
49 to 50. As stated above Mr. Gary
wai tle temporar-chiran at. the
Mr. MclCt)lI was coi-ratulated uponi
the lar-e .( vote which he received. His
1'riends now Claim t1hat. he was a win
ner i) to 10 o'clock yesterday morn
in,. Mr. Whaley's friend colmted
53 viotes for him Monday niihi and
Ite received 54 oil the first ballot.
II m1 it be hard to say to wlat ex
Iiii flite dispensary issue was worked.
Boti sides used it. and neither side
claiis to have raised the list urbance.
Messrs. Ilemphill, Johnstone and
Carey were appointed a Committee to
ecoirt Mr. Whaley to lie chair and
ile house arose as the newly elected
speaker came down the aisle and took
his seat'. Mr. Wlaley's remarks were
'.hort but the thanks lie gave were
The Other Elections.
The othor elections were nnanimous,
lbut uder the law the roll had to be
called in each ease.
Mr. Thomas C. Hamer was nominat
ed for clerk by Mr. J. P. Gibson and
seco)nded by a number of members.
Mir. I-amer is cormpneing his ninth
year as clerk anid dnrimg that time has
given universal satisfujction and sel
dom has op)position. During his ser
vice lie has never lost or. misplaced a
p)aper or' hill despite the constant de
mand on his time..
Mr. John S. Withers of Chester wvas
nominated b)y Mr. J. B. Wingard. Mr.
Wither.s is the oldest attache of the
house and this session is the,beginning
oif his 15th year.
Mr. JTohn S. Wilson was unanmmous
ly reelected sergeant-at-arms, this be
ing his fifth year. He has never been
Rev. R. N. Pratt, who was reelected
chaplain, is the pastor of the Second
Bpaptist church in this city and is wvell
known, to 1)0th the old1 and the new
Imembers of the house.
It was thqn after 2 o'clock and sev
eral of' the mnembers wanted to ad
journi. A mnotion11 was made to that ef
fect when some one ca.lled the atten
tion of the body to. the fact that the
governor and senate had not been no
tifie~d of the organization of the body.
'f'he senate had adjourined aji hour
previously-and the governor h &d been
.ygidIng on $he- message from the'
h4puse ill his offlee dowistairs. Messrs.
Harrison, Fraser and Walker were ap
pointed a commuittee to wait. on the
governor and notify him.
Tules Remain the Same.
Before going down stairs Mr. Fras
er called atteition to the fiet that the
house had not yet adopted the rules
anidl he moved that the rules of the
previous sessii be adopted with the
elanlge, that I(no member of the ways
aind Imleanls committee or judiciary
committee be re<uired to serve in any.
Fraser thtought lie duties of tihese two
Comm1111ittees vere suchl1 ats would re
qjuire the entire time of the members
except when in the house. The pro
position was opposed by Mr. Rucker,
who held that the present rules had
been in force for 15 years and that.
should any changes be desired they
should be teferred to the committee
on rules after their appointment by
the speaker. Mr. Nash agreed with
Mr. Rucker and thought the work of
several good men, who would be ap
pointed on the two comittees, was
needted on other committees also. Mr.
Kershaw thought Mr. Farser's mo
tion a proper one, but on a division
and couit it was rejected by a vote
of 53 to 26. The old rules, therefore,
will be adopted unless changes are
made after the apopinItment of colp
Again a motoioni wias made to ad
journ, but it w%,as voted dowi almost
un1aimimously. The delegations want
I ed to know where they were going to
sit today and the drawing for seats
commenced. This took fully 45 minu
tes and when the governor's annual
message entme ill) it was decided to
postpone its readiig initil today at
I noon. Finally the work was complet
Speaker Whaley- will -itti aounce -the
appointment of his conuittees inl a
day or so. He stated yesterday that
lie had given tlie latter but. little
fhliult yet and wonld select those lie
tholught were hest silited for the
work. 'lhere are also the appoint
ments of thle doorkeepers. the pages
Study of Vote.
A study ofI the vote for speaker is
ali interesting one. As ml1enltioned in
ye State yesterday morning, t lie
lines were dra\Wn to some extent. The
friends of Ml.r. Whaley say that whilo
fhev expected Mir. Nash to withdraw
ofter Ihe first ballot, they had re
ceived no assirances to that effect.
'I'lie vote had been figured down rath
er. closely the day before by .. both
sides and tle supporters of Messrs.
McColl and Whaley did iot. change
on tlie semond ballot. Of the 13 votes
east for Mr. Nash, 9 of them wvent. to
Mr. Whaley oi the second ballot
Messws. Arnold, Clary, J. H1. Dodd,
WV. J. Gibson, Johistone, MrliArthur,2
Nichols', Reaves and Walker.
The four going to Mr. MeColl were:
Messrs. Goodwin, Harrison, Morrell
and Miller. Mr. Fred Harman of this
counity did not, vote the first time,
but oin the second( ballot voted for Mr.
McColl. Mr. Nash, wh'lo on account
of his candidacy, didl not vote the
first time, voted for Mr. Whaley on
the second ballot.
It was eommented on in the lobbies
afterwvards on the vote of Richland,
whlich went solid for Mr. McColl.
As Time Flies.
It is 10 p. m. They are seated in the
parlor. ''No,'' she says, bowing her
head. ''Pa says I am too young to be
come engaged.'' It is just 1.30 a. m.
They are still seated in the parlor.
Suddenly, fromi somewhere upstairs, a
gruff' voice., shouts: ''Henrietta, if
that fellow waits a little longer you'll
be old enouigh to accept his proposal.''
-Woman 's Home Companion.
"'There is'something very odd abou'~t
horseaplay in dramma."
''What is it?''
''That it is seldom well mounted,
.though it may be very well backed."
Just Like People.,
''A horse is a man's best .friend,'
said the man who likes animals.
''es' answvered young Mrs. Tor
kins wvith a sigh, ''but when he gets
on thie racetrack lhe is liable to p)rove
one of those fool friends who make so
mnuch trouble. "-Wash ngton Star.
LAST MESSAGE OF
IMPORTANT MATTERS CLEARLY
Thinks That. Pay of State Officers
Should be Increased-Too Small
To the lonorable fihe (wentlemen of
the 'eneral Assebliy:
At' the beginning of anlother year
with its numerous dlities, you ar(
agaiti convened in annual session and
are -at once confronted, as lawmakem
with the highest dities and responsi
bilitlts of citizenship. In this, the last
offileal message which I shall have the
honor of transmitting to you as Gov
ernor of South Carolina, I shall, in
accordance with tire requirements of
our laws, submit to you sitch import
nat details as require your considera
tion. Knowing that details and re
sults wil mllore immediately concern a
new State administration I have been
as brief as possible, and have re
frained from making any recommend
ations other than %'ere acttially re
quired. While th ditties of my of
fice have been arduous always, and
many difficulties have been encount
ered. I have ever been deeply con
scions of the honors whiich tihe people
of my State have conferred uiAn me
-honors for which I can never, in
mnere words, express my heartfelt
gratitude and appreciation.
Assessment of Property.
The equalization of the assessment
of propelty in a matter of vital con
cern to every taxpayer in the State.
The reiort of the Comiptroller-Gen
eral rill shW"ltha* this imi'tanit
matter is far from being in a satis
factory condifii. Last Year Comp
troller-General Jones mad(e an earn
est effort to renedy 1.his condition by
having-, il ac-cor-dance with olr laws,
all taxable property assessed at its
real value. A fixed standard is posi
tively nrecessary, for oly inl this man
ner en all 11 properly le equally assess
ed, inl order that the bu-den of faxa
tion siould rest alike upon all.
' At tlie last mieetin2g 1of your hOn
orable body the (omptroller-ieeral
ea-efilly prepared al ah'straet of tihe
tax laws of the state, anld this was
made ro the guidattce of auditors anlld
t It her assesslinrig officers, ill morder that
they might more accu-ately assess
pr-operty as re(Iuired by law. When
the L-0islature ilet tile assesstIet
of iw-41perty, hot)h persolnal andI real,
wias then beinl-, made 1Ithr - -.1otu thle
state. and on aeeoult. of tile uncertain
ity of the levy to be fixed by 11he Leg
islature, that, body refusing to follow
the recommendations of - the Cotmp
troller-General in reference to a flexi
ble lery, to be deteriminted after the as
sessmnent had been completed. As a
result, the inequality complained of
is gren ter now tItan it was before this
assessment, and hunudreds of potitions
asking for a r'edutction or equalization
of ptroperty have beeni received at the
Compt rbller-General 's office.
This i's an unbusinesslike condition
of affairs, in a department where busi
ness conditions should be preeminent.
If all property in thte State were
equalized up on a 60 per cent basis,
the toitah taxab)le property in tihe
state wvould, in my Opinion, beC not
less than $300,000,000 on the books of
the Comptroller-General, instead of
only $25,000,000, as at-e the figures
at pr-esent. This is not only an injus
ieie to our taxpayers, butt it is un
wise and is an injury to the state, in
that it does not set forthl to ot.hers
outr real progr-ess and pr'ospetit-y. Ott
the conitrary, it is -actually misleading,
both as to our r-esout-es and to our
tax rate, and this in a matter where
most imnportant considetrations are in
volved. Only a certainr amount of
money is required1 to meet the expenl
ses of our state governument, and an
increased assessmentt, by ha~ving all
prop)erty assessed at its real valute,
would simp)ly be ant eqtualizationr of
the tax hut-den and would not mean
anl itncrease in taxation.
Thie present inws, if pt-oper-ly en
for-ced, i' outld to a gr'eat ext ent r'emedty
thtis untsatisfactory condition of af
fair-s. The only change I shtall sug
gest looking toward thieir entfor,eement
is that tho Board of Equalization be
chanlled, 11 it is it preseit too un11
w ieldly. Another objection is that i
the various members naturally feel i
that they represent their own coun- t
ties, and not, the St'ffe at large. It 8
would be wise, in my opinion, to re- 1
duce the membership of the State i
Board, limiting it to five membens, ;
these to be appointed by the Governor i
aid confirmed by the Senate. Two of I
the meimibers should devote their en
tire time to this work, and should re
evive a fixcd salary and traveling ex- t
penses. These metblers should visit I
the various counties, consult with tile
auditors and local assessing oilcers,
should hear all complaints and should I
regulate the equalization of all taxable I
property in the state. The1,, report of 2
the Comptroller-General, which will i
be submt.ted to you at the proper time, t
has becii carefully compiled and mer- t
ith your most .thoughtful considera
The most important consideration, C
perhaps, which now has the attention
of the people of South Carolina, is our
vigoroUs effort to get the tide of much
needed and carefully selected imini
gration turned directly into this see
lion of the South, through our chief
seaport. What is far more important.
also, is 'the combined effIrtS to biuild I
ill) our coimerce, with a saving of I
thmusands and thousands of dollars i
annually 0 0111 exporters and impor
ters, and giving promise to save to t
our cotton anld other raw material de- *
inmided abroad, the sums now being <
paid in useless tribute to transporta- <
tion lines having no intere t whatever <
in Southern development. 1
Duriing the past six monthlis Your 1
Department of Agricultuire, Commerce
-1111d [in imligra-t tion-thoigh establish
ed -less thia.-three'ye ars ago-lis u1n
dertiken the exeeution of carefullly
prepared plans and has worked withi
sneh vigor, ererg anl success to ae
complish tlie desired ends, that it has
succeeded ill co111111111dinlg. Ile atten
tionl, not only of (his countryN, bIII the
a(tentiol (f thle conliltries of1 lErope
also. This has placed South Carolina
0lnCV mor"e inl the( forefr'lond a1- a pitonl-,.
(er leader inl Imovemienis alIeting Ihle
WVlfare )f' heIl Natimn. The hol. hut
e1fII'uilly planlned, operationms of tlhis
department lm1ve broug"1ht ahout tle
han,11din. down of a1 decisionl il Washl
in-gtoll that clearly defines tle pow
e'S of' tle State and puts is--and our
sisfer States--in i posilion ti imove
iitelliently for that 'selected imni
..r1ationl that no4) only %. ur11 own po l
and the people of* Ilie Soutih, but
which tle pColie of' the en(ire coun
Iry, have beeln deanilding. in va in
sinlce the bordes ofiiundersir-ables pouri.- I
in-, into ourl g-reat ports of entry beC
gan to ereate what. we have all recog
nizedi as at problem.
In pursuing the policy, which has 1
beenl exti'vmely difficult in execition,
of1 settinlg tihe pie of sculrinig calre
fully selected imini.-ration and1, at +-e
and the saie time, bringi a-11 I
lo;ig-dr'eamed of1. deelo4pmenti o our )
commerce, your depart mnent,. before
movuig, ini add1itioni to the many prIe
(caut1ions taken to pro'tecct thle good
niame of the State from poi.sible cop
flicts with Feder'al and inter'national
lawvs, also gave great care for the wel
fare and pr'otection of our1 native ha
IIt had b)eenl alleged that, the dep)art-4
ment would be used by the financiallyI
stronger class of our' citizens to the
injury of our wveaker class. During
the year' it becamne absolutely neces
lsary, ini orIder to keep inl oper'ationI
many of 0111 manufacturing plants, to
secure ad(ditionlal labor to oper'ate idle
machinei'y. The condition was such
that unless some i'elief could be0 ob
tained, the owners of the properties
would suffei', and, in time, the opera
tives would suffer also. Even facing
thco conditions, no move was made
to give the nieedled aid until the assur'
aniec hlad been filed that all efforts to
securie the necessary labor had b)eenl
made with no prospect oIf result, in
this and adljoinginig stales, or in oth
er' por4tions of the United States. No
dlefinilte move wa:s made then uintil
lhe plants 1had4 vohmnt-ar'ily taken con--I
e'(r'Ied acti oll to redc(lte the hour ms of
Jabor', gi'auahly, to sixty hour's .a
week, wit hout decrease oIf wages, anid
until the pledue had alo engivn ii
any. native empllloyee ini favor of any -
ie who might, be brought. to relieve
he sitmution. When this had been
lone, the departmnent. accepted, under
he terms of law, assistance from those
o sorely in need of help-assistance
riveii without, rest-rictioin or stipula
ion-anid it must be said that this
Ltsistance enabled your department
o accomplish results which have at
racted the attention of the economie
P"xrt reie coniservatisim in all mat
ers relatingt to Ihis undertaking has
aarked, aid is marking, the course of
,oulr department. 'Ju1st as you are ais
emblin-, the second ship of .the pro
>osed new trans-Atlantic service is
ireparing to sail, bringing additional
iew citizens to us. We are now in
he crucial period which will deter
nine whether or not our suceoss in
his great undertaking is to be perma
ient., and whether we are to reap the
ommercial benefits for which we
iave longed, for a century, to call our
The semblance of lack of support
n this critical stage, when the depart
cent has the confidence of the best
nfluences in Europe, would almost
ort.ainly jeopardize lie success of
he undertait king and possibly lose for
is the opportlility now openl. Oice al
r>wed to pass, this opportunity will be
orobably beyond our power to regain
n a half century.
This entire undertaking, the execu
ion of which has occupied less than
ix months, has called for a tremen
ous amount of work, far beyond the
Ililee force ati( the resoirces of the
epartnicit. The work is developing
t, so rapid at rate tlhat, for i period
I least, it, will be absolutely neces
ary to furnish some relief.
It is seareely leessary for me to
enpitulate the facts inl reference to
he cha mraeter,of im uigrants landed
n Charlestol last. November, upon
i'hom sch 16--di encoinim was pro
MUmN'ed by Ihe Federail exaimininlg
llicers. Nor is it iecessary to re
Iat livre tihe details of tihle selective
l.el vilmplo)yed libroad1--the sel
eit iv 1 m odlsI ha,ve ilw a.ys advoeat
d 'all insisted upon. I do no4)t em
ider ii liecessary 14) repeal .a state
llellt 4f Ihe l (.40114itimis Ilit reider
rlie ilmigration So vital to Ile de
-ilop nt o o u il ( -ta t in agriel
*I l, c(lilnnervial am1id indu- t iai frles,
do wish,. hwever, tl diret voll at
illiml iu s p iielally t(o the 11u1:,lnn 'i il t
Ippo rtsn i oy 1iii wails lis as anl agri
-nitin-a,1 i 141m prl4 vill ni d a
mumfacturin Stte. il Ie sucess
'l est.islilsh en tilt an maintna e of
L permanent, t is-Aianfic f reih .
mlld aerline hwen hle ati ei
'ic nills-sh1iplpiie of tpgret et EtuIpe as .1 -
li- leadin- se alie Cwor,aleston ,
kith its harbor imm 1ot elaled fr loecessi
liflY andt( its disiribillive (1p1,1it'ies by
mliy port e of thistern Sores of toh
4or-Ih Amlerican) emntinlent.
In Itle mailiteane of snye line,
hr ilvvv alre(Y Seenred tle outive,
supp$4,0000r wt o fDire ter Vn
otf aone oest the forstsesin
ortporen we are orbl,~n an cohav
east on toa knewat $h,00,00 w orth
riend pofrtheot and ofi isouithorn
ommerciao decteloprme oha thee
srdtablihrtof this portman to thsi
ne ahipmt dif entet and any otus
r i i udrtandle she I otelie ota
S(atyes $9400,000ii wort' ow otern
hporpwere w are14 l'de'tabfishese airo
idesio bya rearlyfh p2,opos00 wornh
y ourma oton red eal weachis that
ao med.rt an tai is within ourgrp,b
>alyigwer t' to iecae tore11 Iloduthrs,
oht sie yrnul teshipper, and t
r11 ofsur prodnetto trouh heportii o on
ileChairfestn wit is h it u moern to
lie 8(11 many tousandsat of dollar toe
oihiersi an prodneiers ofntess ar
ieles b resoln ow the rseat orn
-yateu tan ahny oer wat this time
-ma in jmurae, buwthe o compn ar
no ire.Iti iti orgas,b