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change my views as formerly express
Qd and retit rate. For coni sidoerationis,
which you will readily 'imderstand,
shall make no further recommenda
tions, leaving this more specificall:
for my sliecessor in office.
- The situtation demands your care
ful thoug it, wise and judicious ne
tion, and I believe it will be thus con
sidered, free from prejudice, with th<
ppirit not only of fairness for thi
views of all concerned, but also fo:
-what are'the highest interests of ou:
Lawlessness and Lynchings.
I have eildeavored, during my tw<
administrations as Governor, to d(
my utmost to prevent lawlessness ii
any shape, and especially have I trie<
'to suppress the awful crime of lynch
ing. This crime as all thoughful cit
izens know, is a serious menace to ti
maintenance of all law an$] order.
I am ashamed to have to report tc
you that, in spite of all efforts to thi
contrary, the crime of lynching haE
been committd more than once ir
our state during tihe past. year. Le
it be remembered here-not in at
tempted justification, nor to extenu
ate, in any degree, the perpetrabion o;
the crime of lynching-that these law.
,less acts occur always under what it
considered the strongest provocation
Th., greater the provocation, however
-11he stronger is the majesty of the lav
made. mani'est. whenl our citizen
t;hen unite in leaving justieq, steri
though it, may be, to be meted ou
th0roughi our organized courts of law.
It can be stated here, with absolut(
tiuthfulness ithat it is not the colo
of the offender, but the nature of th
crime, that makes lynchings occur.
I have asked for a special fund foi
the suppression of lawlessness an<
lynclings, and twice has this appro
-priation been made by our Genera
I have endeavored to use' this fun<
,most judiciously, and I have had man;
calls upon it. In spite of the obstac
es in the way of bringing direct, tan
ible results, I am convinced tha
ood has been accomplished. In m:
pinion, we should not only seek t<
unish those who commit the crime
here this is possible-but we shoub
seek to prevent the crime also. Ai
efficient rural police might not onl;
prevent the crime of lynching by be
ing ready to assist the she'riff at i
.moment's notice, but the presence o
such officials would do much to pre
vent criminal assaults. Our rural com
munitics are entitled to this protee
Recently the legislature of Virginit
enacted a law making an attempt a
rape a capital offtuse, and providii
also that the testimony of the victin
could be taken in private and not be
fore the public in a court room.
am inforined by state officials of Vir
ginia that this law is work satis
actorily. I think this a. very import
Iant consideration, and I recommeni
the passage of such a. law for ou
state. The holding of special term
of court has many objections, th
principal onei hging thme appearance o
thus yielding td lawless demnands hlas
lily made. For the crime of rapt
however, I am of the op)inion tha
pecial courts should be held to tr;
tie culprit at once, and T hope ou
awvs can lhe so amlend(ed in this re
State Hospital for the Insane.
Tihe care of the insane is one o
le responsibilities of humane an,
nlightened governments. F~or thi
eason, therefore, the everincreasin
umber of the insane is one of thi
urdens of modern life which inns
fall heavily upon the taxpayer. Sta
istics show that the population of th
1sane asylums of the United State
oubled in the thirteen years endin
ith 1903. The asylum population o
he country in 1890 numbered 98.
00, amnd at the close of the year 1901
fi round numbers, a population a
96,000 was tihe aggregate shown bi
hese figures. What is true of thm
Country at large, is true, I am sorry I
say, in ouri own state. In 1890 the pc
pulat ion or our asylum was about 70(
and a p)opulat ion of 1,331 is shown a
the end of the fiscal year just close<
. Today our State Hospital has a<
commodations for 1,000) patients, bu
during the past year nearly 400 pal
iets in excess of itts capacity has
been crowded with in the building
The total admissions for the pai
year numbered 571, this being the lai
gest numnber in the history of the it
stiLntion. The asylum was establish
ed in Columbia beehuse of ite,ecentra
location, and it is estimated that .$1
000,000 represents the value of thi
property -today. This central colon
dea, it seems to me, is a part of th
ixed policy of the state in referent
this institution. The preser
qund1s will, for many years, off<
es for such buildings as may be ne4
ary. Another building is now in
~atively retquired; as is shown in il
bmrt o~ the Regents an~d Supern
dent. )The state can noQ longer a~
r1 to allowv the present overcrow<
ed conditions t the asylum to (
In considering the future 4velfar
our insane, I am convinc that
would be a wise policy oil the i
of the state to consider the prop
tion by the Regents to purchase
ditional lanq a short distance f:
the city for the double purposp o
colony for Chronic iisane And also
farming lands for the support of
Hospital. The property at preq
owned is being gradually occupied
the groups of buildings necessary
the nore acute ,cases, and the I
posed addition would be valut
from every standpoint.
The South Carolina Industrial Sch
Another important consideral
which I must all too .briefly ment
is the establishment of the South (
olina Industrial School. In acc
ance witfl an Act passed at your
session, I appointed trustees for
institution, and, in spite of many
stacles, the work is progressing n
satisfactorily. The report of the'
perintendent will be submitted to 3
and I commend this institution n
cordially. The trustees decided, a:
mature reflection, to take advant
of the splendid offer made by the
of Florence, and the school is loa
there. The wvork will be carried
on broad, h11uanitarian lines, and
this is the only state institution
eated in the cont ral-easteri port
of our state, witi tine railroad ad
tages an(d an interested coilmmi
working for us, oI prsl)ects
good. I must again acknowledge
strong support, moral and finam
.othichi given this. school by
South Carolina Federation of
meon's Clubs, which organization
imuch to do with the establishmen
The South Carolina Penitentian
- The affairs of this institution si
I no marked changes in any resp
The number of convicts is about
same as last year, and the mani
ment is excellent to the last detail
is, I believe, one of the few pu
institutions of its kind which is s
supporting. In addition to this, I
manent improvements are ste
i made, and among these we may n
with much satisfaction, the comn
tion of the new hospital for consu
. tives. This building is erected v
t modern improvements, and is a. e
fortable and well-appointed hos:
for the suffering convicts who r
special care and 'attention.
The state farms are each :
brought to a higher state of cult
tion, and, despite an unfortui
crop year and a disastrous storm,
5 stroying one hundred bales of cot
I and three hundred tons of hay,
- report of Superintendenit Griffith
again show a good profit for
state. These farms are, therefore,
. only. profitable to the state, but
. invaluabld, for the reason that I
furnish out door work for. such
viets as cannot perform other serN
State Board of Health.
This board is decidedly one of
rl aiZtin muelh neededl in
-state. Their duties are resp)oni
and1( onerous, and in the dischiar"<
hese dulties they do not receive
appreciat ion which they so justly
.serve. As will be seen by their rej:
-thle compulsory vaccinatIion law
acted at your last session, has
proved satisfactory, andl (crtnin e
es are necessary for its proper
f orcemnenit. The neded changes
sugg!iiestedl in the rep)ort, which, wil
Ssubmitted to you.
T recommend, in former messa
the appointment of a state lhe
oticer, who should give his cer
time to the work, and this apointn
Sis again urged by the board.
The Hampton Mounment.
Two years ago the General Ass
-bly of South Carolina passed an
a ~propriating a sum for the puri
fof erecting a monument to our helt
soldier, patriot and st atesiman, W
SHampton. The commission to w.
Swas entrusted this important<
-havec completed their responIl
,task, niot only with the greatest c
tit to themselves, but to the entire
-. isfact ion of the people who loved!
greatest leader, and wvhose desirei
tfitly honor his memory. The str
as a work of art, lhas few super
and thme entire work, in its fini2
~perfection, is a stately memorial,
tonly to our distinguished son, b)3
a tribute to those whose love ha
-hallowed the name and the fain
-will forever commemorate.
LI Annual Reunions of Qonfederate'
3 It is evidently a manifest d.
among the Confederate Veteran
e South Carolina to have a, fixed
3 permanent place at which their a
tal reunions shall be held. Columbh
raccounit of its central location am
-excellent railroad facilities, lins
- smeeedas the proper and ar
3 priate lae of meeting for these
-nual occasions. There is every
son why the wishes of our old V4
ans should be respected, andI
on- lieve it is only.right and,proper th
the state should make anl appropri
i f tion for this purpose. In accordanc
it therefore, with their wishes, and alf
art because I strongly favor the idea,
>si- have the 'honlor to suggest that an a
ad- propriation of $5,000 be iade, in o
oin der that. there may be no uncertaint
f a as to the convylience, comfort ai
for full enjoyment of the annual reunioi
the anld coiuniillionl of our old Veterans
ont The Jamestown Exposition. -
by At the last meeting of your hono
for able body, $20,000 was appropriatc
ro- to pr-ovide for an exhibit of the agi
ble cultural and industrial resources <
this state at the Jamestowii ExpoE
DOI. tion. Under the terms of the Act,
ion apl)pointed commissioners to ' tal
on1, charge of this work, and while r
'ar- formal report has beei made, I ha
rd- been advised of the status of tl
ast work by Mr. W. E. Gonzales, Chi
ob- The Act leaves it to the discretic
lost ot the Commission as to the erecti<
Su- of a state building, and I am advis<
'Out that the $20,00 appropr-iated pr
ost etides the exercises of that discretio
:ter The Commission secured a splend
age site, but. tle erectiou of the buildii
ity is impossible with the limited appr
t. priation, which is very much smallh
out. thanl the amlounlt voted by any, othl(
as sae. Ir this were attellpted, t1
lo- exhibil if' tih(e Stat;'s resonrees woil
holl e)1 seriouslyk. initerierled with.1he A
nt11-1 inl question pr-ovides also that. tl
nty' Conission shall iring the exhil)
are oak to Souh Carolina. i iite it
the formna1tion as to tle disposition to 1
ial made ofI ihis exhibit, when returine
the is mu111ch needed here.
Vad It Seeills to mlie that our capital ci
of is the propelr place for this peima
eit display of our material resource
and I trust that this action will 1
r. taken by your body in the furth
oonsideirvtion of this luestion. I a
ct. informed that a suitable state buil
the ing will cost $12,000, and I sincere
trust that this amount will be appr
bic pr-iated for this pulr-pose; especial
elf- so, as the building will be so constrli<
ed that it can be removed an drebu
)er- where the peralllelit, exhibit of t
lily state's resources will be placed.
ote, w b a
ple- I sometimes think that expositfio
are held too often, but in this case
ith feel that not only is it an opportunit
Dm- but. that it is our privilege, to occul
ital a place of honor at this Exposition.
eed In additioni to this, the close r
lation existing between Virginia ai
rear South Carolina, and the opl)ortu
v tille for exhibiting our splendid e
late lective resources, combine to ma
de- this ani occasion we should meet
ton accordance with its denands, its
the spOlisibilities and its opoprtunity.
will Salaries of State Officers.
the With the continued growth of o
not state, it will be absolutely necessa
arle that lartg-er appropriations shouild
hey made for the conlduct of its Iublie
. fairs, and especially is this true
ice,reference to the -salaries paid to 0
staitet olihcrs. Withoumt exceptic
lie liese sa1Llies are tot ally iaeg
m 'r thle service ( rendelIQred.,11~ ami'r
hat h en ts. In nai delpnart ment atf our' i-1
de- ('rnmenQit are 2alaiei(s p)aid at all eoj
mensura151 i:ltei. cithe1r with ,i the seri<
en-~ ('tii inti ed aii pag.e six.)
i lbe that will last a life tirre is who1 y'
wvant. Our OL gans have a pure to
p-es, and lovely cases We can supy
11th you with an Organ that wil p>E n1e
.i' every particular for only $65 and' $
tiedelivered. Write us for 4)ur1 see
tent terms of payment, and for illust ttio
of the beautiful Organs referr'ed( Io.
If you prefer a Piano we' have hen
'tiful and good new Uprights from $1
em-l up on easy terms.
Act Adrr as
>ose Maglene'8 Music House
ved ct..UMn1IA, s. c.
ible Wood's Seed.
our Sed ZQ
*0', a 5 stocks.
not We have thousands of bushels
t. is in stock, selected from the best
crops grown in this country; all
a so the best and most productive
o it kinds.
Burt, or 90-Day,
lTe*- Black Tartarian,
"of Red Rust Proof,
and White and Black Spring, Vir
ginia G-:ay Winter, etc. Write
finu- for -prices.
(' it WOO0'8 NEW SEED BOOK for 1901
s tells albotS d Oats and all
menf Farm and Garde Seeds. Mailed
pro-0 free on reques.
r" T.W.Wood 8& Sons, Sosdsmen,
ter- jHOD A
iAnalytical View of th
Greatest Combination of strong i
I Complete Common Sense, Pr
y Ready Seller for the Agent,
-~ 3. Casi
Afforded. ' 4. CasI
Forfeiture 4. Aut
C) Privileges pre
Maturity 2. Pai
le Settlements Va
it 3. Bott
ar Special. 5. Poll
1- 6. Thi
Privileges 7. Mod
- 8. Con
Policies Containing all of the I
on whole Life, limited pay or end
, Pacific Mutual Life I
ke Call to see us.
Office over old Post Office.
aThe Place i
T7 "''Uiversai" Bsrea
thrnbythan youi could possibly do it I
ytnir . .. do riot touch the dough. No di
I blght, whiolesome and delicious. Price $2
The "Universal" Coff
yer 1. hu . sgorating beI rae
U c i in . ti,.. coffee, radduially in
s'me r'.oner'es of the coffee bean are ex
bittern~e:i t I e unwholesome properties.
the d:off--e i.s ready to rrve-appetizing,
J. 'Cu.e' .niamel Ware. $2.50 up
The "Universal" Fooc
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e Combination Policy
isurance Features Ever Devised.
actical Policy for the Insured,
People's Peerless Policy.
i Weekly Income, if Totally or Partially dis
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i Weekly Income, if Totally or Partially dis
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i Annual Income, if Totally or Permanently.
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i payment, Face of Policy, upon death of in
i Annual Income-Old age benefit after ma
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-Up Insurance, after third year.
mdned Insurance, after third year.
ral Cash Loans, after second year.
)matic Extension of Insurance, fully par
pating, by applying ressrve to payment of
nge of Occupation, automatically adjusted,
5mnity being paid accordingly.
L-Up Participating Insurance and Cash
[-Up Participating Insurance, for entire
ue (Reserve and Dividend).
i Reserve and Dividend Values in Cash.
ntestable after first year.
)matically Non-Lapsing, after third year.
ay Re-Instated, within one y ear after date of
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cy Transferable For Assignment.
ty Days' Grace allowed for premium payment
e of Paying Premiums changed on request.
version of Policy into other life or endow
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cy (Death Benefit) payable in one sum or in
it Reduced to mimimum by liberal dividends,
iual or deferred.
tbove excellent features issued
owment plan, exclusively by the
Gen Agt. for South Caroliha.
to Get Your
nie work of hand kneading. Cicker-by
ng rod does tho work better and more
y hand in 30 minutes. Cleaner-because
tno germs. Bread that's always the same
~e Percolator .rigstoth"tbl
It starts with cold water, and as it per.
easin in tempeature, only the whole
By the time the boiling pint is reached
il n wholesome, of Aluminum
I Chopper OPraeh te as*s b;
chopped readdly finds its way to the seven
kinds of meat, raw or cooked, all kinds of2
,rse, into clean cut, uniform pieces. No
rengthi wasted in s<queezing or manshing.