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VOL XLIV. NO. 5. _NEWB.ERRY. S. 0. TUJES DAY. JTANUA-RY 15. Is,07. TIEAWE.$.0AYA
LAN SPEAKS OF
GLARED PRESIDENT LYNOH
ED NEGRO TROOPS.
Negro Question-The Root of the
atter, Said Tillman-Adminis
tration is to Blame.
iashington, Jan. 12.-Senator 11.
illiman of South Carolina address
the senate on the Brownsville in
ent. I-I charaeterized the presi
it.'-s action in the matter "as noth
more nor less than lyihi'ng.'' He
clared that men should be consider
innocent. until proved guilty. ie
d no doubt the soldiers were re
nsible for outrage at Brownsville.
declared that the negro troops
ld not have been sent to Browns
e. 'Mr. Tillman declared Mr.
aker had belittled himself by at
ing Major Blocksom, as the man
se father was a copperhead. ''Are
never to have an end of the war
its bitterness?" he exclaimed.
re the people of the North and
th never to understand each other
to recognize rights of both see
. ''It is useless to deny that the
ques,tion lies at the bottom of all
ntinuing he said, ''The whole is
nvolved is one of race and the
dent is primarily more respon
than any other man for the po
of' the negroes in the south
* taken on the question of negro
s. He gave recognition to Book
ashington in a social way. He
.this knowing he was flying inl the
of the cast feeling among sev
en millions of southern whites.
e well knownattitude of the admin
ation on social questions has been
cause of the great and noticeable
ige in the demeanor and action of
negroes throughout the south.''
fter predicting in the iear fituire
ce confliet to determine whether
negro is the e<ptal of the Caucusian
In six southeri state,. South Car
Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mis
sJppi and Louisiana, in the aggre
te newroes outnumber) whites and
...two of them, South Carolina and
issippi, the negro prepondera nce
r. Tillman added: ''In Cuba the
r line has been obliterated' and
cegenation is in full blast. At
North the same conditions exist
itherefore a number of mulattoes
quadroons with white blood in
veins who have Iiigrated there
leaders of the doctrine of abso
social equality encouraged as
have been and are now by the
i'. Tillman asked, ''Is the presi
ready to act upon his own theory
have his children marry men and
en of other races? Would he ac
as his daughter-in..law a Chinese,
y, Indian 0or Negro? In accord
with tiue doctrine laid down in
essage which I have quoted we
'now lhe would not.'' '
outhern white men and wvomen
have for forty years resisted in
*possible way this doctrine of
lity of races are just as resolv
ow as they have always been not
ubmit to it or its results. ''TIhey
resolved to maintain control of
ir' state governments and to pr'e
bt. in every way possible social and
litical equality with inevitable de
nection of their civilization which
ild follow if they yielded. Condi
s are growing more and more ag
ated every day. Arc things to
until direful traged jos multiply
very hand and blood(1 shall flow
.:aid thast forty years after the
War wye found conditions more
ning in dbme of their aspects
1861. In concluding he said
time to settle this question in
'acticable and sensible wvay.
he was ready to go to battle
\slogran ''Amerisa for- Amer-.
tI this is a. white manEs
,l white men must govern
Iman prefaced his discus
'the characterization that
ed a' ease in court. The
fthe; UnIted Stateg s the
prosecutor as well as the executioner.
An arry of counsel for defense and
prosecution is not yet completed so
far ai their names have appeared on
record. There is element of incon
gruity and of the ridieulous.' f 'For in
stance, as attorneys aiding the prose
cution ve have tlie distinguished sen
ator from Texas, Mitr. Culberson, a de
mocrat, and the distinguished senator
fronMassaeliuse(ts, Mr. Lodge, a re
publicanli,. for the defie.se.'
' ''And for delense, if it. shall be so
conidered wlen i 1-et through I will
be put in tht lie eoit as aidiig tle
(list inuisled senator fron Ohio (Mr.
"But the ridielousness of the sit
nation is. again iiapparent whei) one
considers that the senator from the
North, who, by reason of his radical
and aggressive utterances and prob
ably actions in the past, once gave
him the name of ''Fire Alarm.''
''That senator finds himself align
ed with that senator from the south,
(Mr. Tillm#n himself) who is usually
supposed to have broiled negro for
breakfast (laughter), who is known
to justily lynching for rape, and
whose attitude, if not that of hatred
to the negro is feeling akin to' it, in
belief that white men are made of
better clay and that white men alone
are entitled to participate in the gov-)
Reading from the order issued by
the war department and -signed byl
the president in which it is stated the
unform is a badge of honor and en
titles the enlisted men of peculiar
consideration, Mr. Tillman said it is
that sort of stuff that put into the
head of the negro soldier, that he was
entitled to demand social equality.
"Why should not a colored soldier,
if lie conducts himself as a white
soldier.4vo.the. same consideration?"
asked Senator Nelson.
"For the simple reason that God
Almighty made him colored. He did
not make him white,'' retorted Mr.
DISPENSARY RUMORS AFLOAT.
The Report of Attorney J. E. Mc
Donald is Said to Contain Much
that is of a Sensational Nature
in Regard to Former
News and Courier.
Colimbia, January 12.-Some im
portant dispensary news is looked for
next week. Cominissioner Tatum has
written a letter upon request of Sena
tor( Christensen informing him that 35
Cars of whiskey are being held 111up for
demirra.-e, because there i-s no room
for tie stuff in the ware houses.
The members of the board have
been telegraphed to be here Monday,
but it is said at the dispen,sary that
this was done to bring them here a
day ahead of the regular meeting
Tuesday so as to have them go over
their annual report in order to have
it ready for the Legislature promptly.
This report will embrace the much
talked of report of Attorney J. E.
McDonald, who was appointed by the
rrw board shortly after it assumed
eontrmol to go over thme orders placed
by thme old board to see if a large
amount of the $800,000 thme old board
owed for whiskey could not be held
up for payment on the ground thatn
thle orders were irregul ari.
The understaniding among those
able to judgze of the contents of this
rep)ort has bmeen that it was of a sensa
tional nture, that the attorney dis
covered( thait nmany of thlese orders
had been i rregnhairly given.
Accordlingi to oleial reports thle
board'( lhas since made a lark~e amounmt
of t hi's .$800.000 has been p)aid1, and
some of thle houses which got thme most
were those dliscovered to be ini a1 bad
light by the investigating committee.
This~ is explained at the State dispen
sary by the statement that most of
these paymenits wiere made in bad li
quor' returned to the houses in ques
The hoard has been withholding
this report of Mr'. McDonald's from
p)ublicationl for several months and
munch curiokity has been excited as to
its pr'obable, contents. The report of
the board. will include thie attorney's
report and will be made public pro
bably 'Tuesday. J. H.
DR. C. I JUDSON
S HIAS PASSED AWAY
FURMAN'S GRAND OLD MAN
SUCCUMBED TO PARALYSIS.
Gave His Life to Education-Profes
sor of Mathematics for More than
Half Century-One of State's
ieenville, Jan. 12.--Dr. Ciarle
lHallette Judson , I'mo 54 year. prot'es
Solr of Illatilelliatics at Furm1ain uini
versity, died at 4.45 o'clock this after
h'lie funeral services will take placc
011 Tuesday at ntomn in the First Bap
tist church in this city.
Dr. Judson was stricken with par.
alysis Monday and continued to grow%
worse until the end caine. He suf
fered three distinct strokes in all, the
last, affecting his side and throat tc
such an extent that he ivas unable tc
Dr. Judson leaves only one surviv
ing relative, his sister, Miss Mary C
Judson, who, like himself, lias conse
crated her life to education, having
beci connected with the faculty o
the Greenville Female college for hall
Dr. Chas. Manly, a former presi
dent of Furman university and now z
pastor in Lexington, Va., and Dr. C. S
Gardner, formerly pastor of the First
Baptist church and now of Richmond
Va., have been especially invited to at.
tend the funeral services, which iwill
be conducted by Dr. Z. T. Cody, the
present pastor of the First church.
In all Dr. Judson gave $41,000 tc
Furman university from his estate
which. he accumulated in the course of
a long lifetime by dint of careful say.
ing. These gifts have made the Car.
negie library building anld tlie $100,
000 endowmIenit of furman possible
Withl Dr. Carlisle of, Wotford college
Dr. Jol41sonl was generallv regarded a
the leadinl!" edlucator in South Caro.
ie vas -really 1Veloved and h1un.1
(1reis 41 o in.. 11y(um1n will atlenld li:
unieral services Tuesday.
I)r-. .idsoll did not live Ion 11 enougl
to profit il any marterial way by tlh<
(listinction recently bestowed upoi
him by tAe trustees of the Carnegi<
OUR WASHINGTON LETTER.
Democratic Policy-oreign Market
for Cotton Goods-Southern
By James S. McCarthy.
Washingtoii, Jan. 14.-Congress
man John Sharp Williams, the Demo
cratic leader in the House of Repres
entatives, has outlined what he be
lieves should be the policy of his par
ty iln national politics. He has de
clared for a campaign on the tarif:
issue, wvith special reference to reci
pr'oeity, and for a vigorous attack or
the p)olicies of imp)eriolistic central
ization p)ut into effect by the Roose
velt administration. In other wvords
like a skillful general, he proposes t<
at tack the lines of his political op
ponients'at their weakest p)oinits and i:
he is loyally su1pported biy the rani
and file of thei party there can be lite
tle doubt of success. There is n<
quest ion t hat a great majority of th<l
Aimericanl people favor I ariiff revisior
and( thle ntegot ialtion1 ofV reciproe3i t
trestiles and1( agreements t hiat ilil ill
itreaties anld agreemnentIs of the1 coun.
ry. All over the North and Ws
there are .1ens of thlousanads of' Repub.
licanls who are as heartily in favor oi
tariff ievisioni aInd reciprocity as i:
Mr'. Williams, himself'. Her'et.ofort
they have been held in line by tihe prlo
misc of the Republican leaders thai
"'the tariff would be revised b)y its
friends.'' They are at last beginning
to understandl that this pr1omise is
made regullar'ly in every campaign on.
ly to be broken+as regularly in enal
succeeding session of Congr.ess and
thant if tariff r'evision is to be had a
all it nuist comec throughl the clectior
of a D)emoeratic Congress aind a Dem
ociatic President. A vigorous on
slaught by the Deimoerats during tih
pr'esenmt sessioni of Congress will' re
veal tile Republicans in their tru
elaracter--as defenders of the Ding
ley schedules and not ait revisionists.
In the samie way the time is ripe for
an i attack tin the centralization poli
Cies of the aid Ini ist rat ion lih are
rapidly coiuvertingr the repuablic i't.
n em i lli all butl Iho Ilnme. T e
I : ty i :' -: c < :.. .. y I*n '!
laisi electilo ilhilat mav be expveled by
anl vRlepublicanl C4nI-vsllnm1l Who has1,
the temeriain I oppi-Se his wish. lie
is purslil. a policy with tile army
and navy-- 11rmilomin g his IavoriIes
and threaitving with eiortimartial an.,4
idlicer who dares 1to (.ritivise him1
that in caletlaled to make the military
arm of the -.overnment loyal to him
personally and no:t to tlie vounlit ry.
Finally, he is attempting to make the
coirts subservient to his wishes by
publicly denouncing judge' whose
conlstructionl of the law is contrary
to his will and by sending attorneys
of the Department of Justice to inter
vene in private suits anid instruet the
judges as to his wi'shes. The Repub
lican criticism . of Secretary Root's
recent utteipt, to dedfn these im
perialistic policies and practices iii
dicates that they offer the Democrats
a rare chance for an effective attack.
Southern Senators and Representa
tives are united in favor of the pro
position to appropriate $50,000 to be
expended by the Department of Com
.merce and Labor in sending special
agents to foreign countries to develop
larger markets for American cotton
goods. Although the export sales of
American-made cotton goods have
increased materially in recent years,
it is a well known fact that this in
erease has not been as rapid as it
might have been had the foreign
markets beLmn looked after intelligent
ly. This is especially true of the
South American markets generally
and also of some of those in tie Ori
ent-inot.ably Japan-and Ilhere is no
dohl that tle sendinlig of special
agnIts to those countries will lead to
Iar-ely increav-:ed sales--especially Iol*
lte d of goods -enlerallv Ian
actired inl Sout hern m111ills.
ieprven tat ive Malion, cdf Penisyl -
vatnia. (hairm an louse Com
mittee mn War ('lains. is pushin,. vig
oirouisly the Soutlher War Claims bill
the enacttent ot which will dist ribute
hundredeS of thlipailds of dollars
through tle Southern States. It is the
policy of the Republican leader to
limit the legislation of tlhis session as
nearly as possible to the pa'sage of
the regular annual appropriation bills,
but the jistice of these claims is so
universally recognized that it is pro
bable that the bill will be passed.
Left the Church.
Ambrose R. Henderson of Boston,
came forward last night at Seelback's
wiuth a p)rize negro story. The tale
was that of a negro barber.
"Mr. D)ickson,'' said Mr. Hlender
son, ''was shaving one of his cus
tomers oiie morning whelin a conver
sation took place between them re
sp)ectintg Mr. Dickson 's former con
nection with a colored church.
" 'hurchlieve you are connected wvith
a hrhin Elm street, arc you not,
Diekson?7' said the customer.
"' 'No. salh; not at all.'
"' 'Whta ! Are 'you not a mt'embeir of
the A fricain eburch?'
"' 'Not dlis yeah, sir.'
-' "'Why did 'you leaive their commiu
"'ll. I'll tell youi, sahl, ' said
D ickson. ' It was jusot like d is; f joini
ed the church in good fait.'. I give teni
ad(ollahs toward the stated gospJil de0
fits' year, and de chiiurelt people call
me "'Brtuddah Dickson, '' and1 secon'
year my business ain'It so good, antd I
gil) oinly five dollahs. D)at year de peo
ple call moe "'Mr. Dickson.'' WYell,
salt, the thbird'"year I fell v'ery 1poor;
hand sickness itt my famtily, and I
didn 't gib ituffin ' for p)reachin'. Well,
salt, arteri dat (Joy call me ''dat old1
nigger Diekson,'' anid I left 'em.' ''
- The fact that Mr. Rockefeller is too
poor to eat oysters reminds us that
both of these objects of public inter
ost are notoriously bald.
DID VERY LITTLE "
THE FIRST WEEK ;
ORGANIZATION AND INTRODUC- hil
TION OF BILLS OCCUPY TIME da
House of Representatives--Dispensary Vr
Bills, Pro and Con, Will Come Up tI
Other Important Meas- en
The StIIe, 1-th. re
Very litle was 'done by it houlse .1h)
duin tile first week ot, its session
beyond o-ganliza(io .and14 (dislissioll til
t tle rel ative stren1th of Ihose op- inl
posed( and those fiavorinl tle dis-pen
sary. Tle vote oi tlie Ayer resolut
Ction, 80 to 9, which endeavored to se- thi
cirle nll eidorsemeil of the State dis- bi]
pensairy system, would seeil to indi
eite that fe of tle members wanted th
to diiuiiss'or en(lorse anythiig about. ini.
which no bill hadI been introduced ais dIei
yet. This was t'he opinliol of both an
sides and the resolution was, there- sit
fore, killed. The bills for and against
the dispensiry will come inl this week.
It i'. thought that a preliminary can- 21
ens of tle aiti-dispensary members So
will he hebl either tonlight. or tomlior.
ro1w niiht and.some igreeient. reach
ed on the bill to support, there being eo
several of them i now ill the engross- lei
inl'. department. It is said that some sic
of the di'spensairy ladvocates will en- thb
deavor as a eompromise measure to an
have the Stile board abolished. This, bo
however, will coie up inl the senate sp
first. llepresentative Aill of New- se
berry has a bill to abolish the office of
Chief State Constable andl state con
stables, to epeal the l1w nlow of force to
relating to saidh subject aid to provide Ita
tor t Ihe appinm11111t011 oft ''t Iural Moun
tel Police'' by tile sheriI's of the
sevead cotinties ant(] to t(lefiiie their eo
powel's and 11uties. lei
Railroad Bills. (O
There m-1e hills Ilow bt e bfdon- vomiit- iih
lves of, considerable iiterest to lite aa
publie. Tlle railrads vome inl frl their h3I
ini. I le iiv a } lw I 1 i e 1 tr. 11 r.
in 2 1-2 veotws plr milo nd MrI. III
D)ixonl has I similar1 41ne4. \Mv. V'rofla
has a nwa,unie reaiding as f "lws '' A e
)ill to 1amndil(I an a1ct (illen4led 'An
ael it) reglal ite1 Ihe mannii rliei. ill which
(ommon11110 (anlier,s (loing business in
this s late shall adjust 1'rei.-hit ebiarges pi
aiid4 claims for loss -11f or. damaige1o to n
freight,' approveld F,eh. 2:1. 1903. lim- po
ding recovery of, (on1sigInee as to w
Mr. Croft also has one limitin, the pi
speed of lomllotives inl 'ilies anId lowlis fe
and his colleanue, Mr. (;yles, lia's (ne I,
In ''prevent unhlreasable delays in
the .hiiiiment d deliverY of , freight hie
aind baggage by co'mo1111n1 calirriers, anld to
to define the natuiire, kiind 111 amott yc
of damages to be recovered a-nin.st
said cOilommi earrPiers for tillreasoii
alble dlelays in the shipment andl de- bi
livery of freight and b)aggage.''
Mr. Frost haiis iintrodneeCd ini the sa
house, aind Mir. Clhriste(nsenl iln thle sen- or
ate, a joint resoluio to13 pr'ovide for a ot
c'ommlitte'e to inivestigate the ra*ilr'oads
and t heir faiIi' (ilur *lmke( ('ertini sehie- hi
(ltl5. The Lien Law. so
Th'lere are a half dozen(i'i hills for' the h1r
r'epeal Iof lhe lien law~~ and13 Mr. Rtichi- b)1
anils, whio is leadiimr in this fi.~iht, lbe
lieveas I hat it wvill pass' ibii an ea. The ('
b)ilhs all ive' thle fairmer'ls on1e year to(3
igel. st raimuhi with Iitheiri redi tor-.
Cotton Futures. . I
futurIes w ill probbl)y ('m4 nyi3 for 'i
hi.('enssionl tomoirro3w s5 the have~ all~t 1
quest for' an ('arIly replor't. A hein(iiig
will lbe g'iveni by the satei comInmit tee .i
an thle samela subijeel 'shor'tly.li
8Some of thle oither hills of inter (est fa
Mr*. A. (C. 11rice--A lill 143 amendll( C
an1 ne'. lnitl1(ed 'An act 1(o regulate
the emiiploymet't of! children in fae- li
toriies, ine3s and manulliiftiactiuring es
tablishnments in this State,'' by adding "'i
anotherici sect ionl, priohibtiitnig the em
p)loyment of children uunder' 14 years ly
of age during school terms, unliess at,
such children are able to read and lie
MI'r. Wade-To re(tire street car
lroads to finIish separate coaches
r the races.
Mr. (roft-To limit tihe hours of
>illr inl cottoll Imlills to 10 hours a
Mr. -ichards-To provide for the
't timn of a1 pracOice sclhool at Winl
ir. Aion-\ hill to prolibit the
1i111(ymevllint ilf chilbie i lor 12
ars o0 .1--e in %liories and other
111mItI-luri . vshablislillivits, andt to
rn 1't ile vimlplilm vilent o clildren
ove said ae ill S1111e.
Mr. Crol't-A hill to provide for
Sri..hts and remeldiv.s (fl employes
am1111 iact urinlg esthabiiliments.
The following is the calendar for
is M oI'iiig, all being second reading
Mr. lieliards-A hill to provide for
rectionl of a practice school build
M a, the Winthrop Normal and In
14trial college of Southi Carolina,
d to appropriate money for the
(Favorable, With amlyendmlenits.)
Mr. Clyles-A bill to amend section
35 of volume 1, code of laws of
(Plivoraible, withl amlendmlents'.)
Mr. Dixon-A bill to enable the
linmissionlers of t110 sinking fund to
Id to tle county hoard of comm111is
nens of Fairfield county to pay
Spast indebtedness ofi Said county,
d to authorize I he said county
Rrd of' commissioners to pledge the
veial ( ax levy herein provided for to
11re the saille.
Mr. D). L. Smidh-A joint. re'solution
extend the time Ior payment of
wes without penalty.
Mr. Litle--A bill to enable the
mmnissioeirs of the sinking fund to
id funds to the comity board of
mmllissiotnr of Ullioil couity to pay
])last indebtedness M, Said conn111y,
( to a hllorize Ile sa id l utyI I1t1N
:rA fo emlinIlssiillers Io pled.ue the
1ial tax Iev v Ilernl pirovided for
l aua ilt-.
(I (Iit , Ihv.
Johnlin Siohelrliek is by inatiure Sits
Ainus; but. says the Albany Jour
1, lel appreviales a resolable pro
sition. A traveling blcviher eamne his
Iy mne dly and brgained with him
r elu-h head o)f fine e(1lle. Thle
ice beig satisfalctory, tile buitehier
It inl his, poeket and found lie had
I. brlIought his wallet.
"I have not file Illoley with le,''
said, "but( I will drive ilie eattle
town and send the money back to
II. p )
" ei n!'' said Johiann emiphat ically.
Thlat goes not4 good(. You shouldt
ing de mioniey,s first.''
''Well, T tell y'ou what I'll do,'
idl (lie buitchier franikly. "'I'll drive
Iy six of them in, and1( I'll leave the
icr t wo as security for (lie debt).''
*Johann11 st udied a moment and then
"A 2ll ri'.'' h ~le said. "D Iot is chulst
g4)4). \Yen youl1 leave (dose two you
1f' boughi~t Ideni it is sureP you comes
Why He Was In the Procession,
'il war,. TheI major waos a bigoted,
I-time11 WhiL", whob bida D1emobcrat
-had hadl ini h is emloy l4 an Tish
mi. whio aped' his m2aster'H in'vey
in dre4s-. mannier(' and( pl)Iitieos.
Pioiuu a42 ('I'rtaini stalte eleetio (1 in
iiiii Iparty spirit1 ran lihih thle Demo..
its hiad Ha14orehli hut proce40052si.
mine 1 MI.ior' l'.r lyV's (chagr'IiI anld
ry to1 behold mari~eing~. inl the van of
<14 poitica~l enem11( ies Pa, gloriously
Hie lost no time ini d1rging the
thles (one fromu the0 ran1ks anid heat
ly demandHing) thle reason of his de-.
" Sh ! '' answered P1at , withI a mralud-.
wmb.fl 't yez a'. C)iml trym'
Amusing stories of Maij-or Sami Ear..
a brother of Gecneral A. Early, are
il told in Chlarleston, W~V. Va., where
lived for many year befor te