Newspaper Page Text
E. H. AULL, EDITOR.
Entered at the Postoffice at New
'erry. S. C., as 2nd class matter.
Tuesoay, February 12, 1907.
Columbia, Feby. 11.-This week
will wind up the present legislative
session. There has been a great deal
of work done and some of it of far
* 4 *
There has been a tendency to legis
late in regard to corporatiois anld es
pecially as to the railroads.
The dispeiisitry, hiowever, has been
the albsorbiiv (piestionl and has over
sItladowed everythin ISg e. The state
dispesa1r-y vill he abolished and lo
e.Il option ...ivenl14 lo hevcouniies as hv
hveel the onity disil"eisarY and pro
lhibitioll. The 'i-ht wiis (oluiide,l inl
the house Some lie el days ag1o and tli)
'l-ig was waged1 all last week inl thel
seiiate and oln Sa.'ir-daY Ihe loal op
tion bill was passel to a third read4igI.
Senator Blease gave notiee (i amnliid
mnts onl the thir-d re:ading.- which is
niotice of a nrtlther hat tle Ior the lstate
dispielsa ry. Ie ha Ied the fiht
the state tdispeinsarv and has made a
frood ti'hlt hut has been uni,able t, save
it. The l Ial "ptilon hi!l will Pass the
seate i'lav ndbe -1 rurned it, the
hotuse withI :innendmiie'ts. .\ niumiber
of :]wdn -tsh ve b"I'n limill Its thet
hill inl the s m e. 1u1i it i, prlbable
th.1t therv w%ill be no dillt'ivity inl thet
airenIi t ' . * . ia .'it Y in Ilit'
-u t b bru . h an ,I
Crease'd appe- pri6on to iihe South
Cari:.a eet witbol a protest.
Thie "Irea -fi ih, in-fitution this
ea r i- on~:m of W.0.(. Mast of
ILb'-2 i. ut: ceeed yetVC the inst i
11.!.. 111 i- an a ld and estalblishied in
st1tut er d h.as n mre mo.ney thban
it *.zh tI have. Tie comititee
v It- . A umamuh'n- !. . ineei
bh;:1 it w - *2'-ied t 1 tand h111v the
.alib-: a :he -enatie. The- appruo
prai.'t the imi.:ra2Ftil.n dleparlt
mienft w a- cut If rnom~ 10.10( to $3.000i.
It is under-tred the -(nate will tunder
take t' restoreC the 51'l.(iII. On the
voate 1' rednee th1is itemi frtom $10.000(
to $3.000i(, Mes.-rs Aull and Wycehe
voted to redinee and Mr*. Johunstoine to
leave it at 410.000(. Mr. Auhl oif the
Ways and Means committee was ap
point ed a i peia commit tee toa put
lhe appjroperiatioan and supply bills in
p.roper shape and for his work receiv
edu a unaniimUoui v'-te of thanks from
The *uup!y ,ili carrie- a levy oif
4 3-2 iml ~fr a pairyvs atrainst
5 muills lt y'ar.
FJr Ni1b rry .tr th le h-vv was
made thi'eie im Ptead oif 3 1-2
mills last yea.
lIn respbont's ta iwllinijry ais to the
amunit chiargedl aga.Iinst Newb)erry on
lawv in Newherry c'ounlty ftor 1906
unlde'r the Brice Act Mr. Autll received
lie following letter:
Columbia, Feby. 6, 1907.
Mr. E. HI. Aull, IIouse of Rlepresen..
tatives, City. Dear Sir: Confirming
thle con versat(ion between yourself
and Mr. Culley this morning over the
telephone, I beg to say the dlispen
saries in Newberry county were closed
on the 9th of September, 1905, but
the aid of the coiistabulary in enfore
ing the law was not invoked by the
afleal of' the county unitil April,
19O06. Since the county has received
redit .for the value of all liquors
~4*~Y q~~ec iit it and1 Ill excs of sahtle it
i J o rged vith $718.79.
~4I1 ~~Qrod hat the special tax
provided by tie Brice bill has not
been levied, and certainly no part of
it has been paid into the state treas
ury. Yours truly,
John 11. Latimer,
- Chief Constable.
Mr. Latimer is mistaken as to the
tax not being levied. It was levied and
has been collected and in due course
will be sent to the state treasurer.
The amount charged against the
county being only $718.79 will leave
the county from that. source about
$2500 for current expenses for this
year and thus the delegation could
reduce the levy a half mill without
crippling the finances.
Mr. Johnstone's road tax bill has
passed both houses and his been en
rolled for rat i t'iel ion. Ilis hill pro
riding for (ti owrking of te roits
has not pased tlt' seiite. It provides
t welve days as a maximum and allows
oveIseCIS ole dolliarl a day whier
woUld make it possible for. every over
seer to receive twelve dollars a year.
Supervisor Wickelr says thelre are
more thaii 500 overzees in the coui
ly. That would make it possible for
tle road overseers to draw oin tie
county lund for upwards of $6,000.
Mr. Blease hias-held thte bill up in the
seilte 'or aInenIldiimenit and it may not
,et (I-to.Oh this Wession. We Ia(I ilo
idea t hat ithere we're so' many over
'eers l inlte counlty'.
The hill to provide 'or an addition
:l sum If <1.0.n for the court holuse
will pass. Mr. .1,0l11mistonie intended to
pit in the jitirnal his reaSo's for not
tayv'trin! the Ileasure Init it had pass
Ld hefIore he zot them in a1nd they are
ven here at hi reInest
'-I vote .1ainst a hill it. amlenid an
II cll it led on act to provile for thei
rev Ii,o t New\ hev tv yt '1urt.1 l1uIt
'I , Bec-au1 e 1 think the fortI
1 u and ( I.1ly providcl f)r shouild I
iu i ict. 'u t lu.t
tj I 1 I li i t
I lhe the
l.1e., 40 be1ide othe e. ixpnse
To de.!v to ;nbmit it .t a iKh
hv c IImore tinl thle endi. The i40.
o0 has already been secured and
is hearing interest and the tax is be
ing levied and the mapority thouifh it
would be economy to go ahead and ar
rainge for the additional $5,00. It
will not inereae the tax. The only ef
feet will be to extend the time it will
take to pay the debt.
The bill to provide for devolving
the duties of the commissioners of
ptblie works upon the city council
has pa.aed both houses just as it was
printed ini [he Herald and Newvs. It
will be remnemubered that it provides
for submit tin'g the quest ion to a vote
of the people. The elect ion is to be
held not less than forty days nor mlore
than sixty days from the (late of the
applroival of the Act by the governor.
It is now upl to the people. If they
want a eluinge they can say so. If
they want it to remain as it is they
can' say so. This should end the talk
about making a change.
This week will be one of hard work.
Bioth houses have big calenidars, and
it will probably -be late Saturday
nighit before adjournment can be had.
* * *
On t he teii hour law for cot ton
mills which passed on Saturday, the
Newberry delegation voted solidly for
the pias-aue of the bill. It provides
for a reduict ion to 62 hours (in the
first tday of Jurmy, 1907, and( to 60
hours on the first of Jalnary, 1908.
14. II. A.
We make you the following club of
The Semi-Weekly State,
The Southern Agricuilturist,
Th e Southbern Poultry Journal,
The Southern Ruralist,
The Southern Fruit Grower,
The Herald and News.
The regular price for the six being
$6.00, we make you them for $3.75.
The Sunday State,
The Southern Poultry Journal,
The Southern Agriculturist,
The Southern Ruralist,
The Routheorn Frnit Grower,
The Heon andl News.
- .' ,,'.errwment one f
- i n '-er timust he subscrih.
tnd pnid for.
TEN-HOUR BILL IS'1MOD.j'
Bill Limiting the Hours 6f lAbor in
Ootton Mills to Sixty-twQ ours
After July 1, and to.'ii;y
Hours After Janoay 1,
News and Courier.
Columbia, Feb. 8.--Th house to
day passed the ten-hour bill as it
came from the senate withont making
any changes, although 'there were
numerous amendnents offered by
Mills Would be Willing.
The mills were willing for this bill
to pass if the measure provided for
it to go into effect for sixty-two
hours on January 1, 1908, and sixty
hiours oil ,anuary 1, 1909, and would
not reduce wages if this is done. If
the timtie is now reduced at once from
sixty-tour hoirs t) sixty hours the
operatives will surely stiffer.
The prev iSois question was called
on the motion to kill the bill. 'rthe
ives anid nays were called'and there
were only 11 votes against the bill.
M.1r. Frost moved t) aiend the bill
b. making the 62 hours provision go
into effect .January 1, 1908, and the
ito-hour provision go into effect. on
Janary 1, 1908. The yeas and nayes
uore c:Illed on the motion to table
Ilis amendient and the amendment
ivas t(ablod by the vote of 69 to 28.
Mr. lliniton mnovel to amend the hill
Iy aling a proviso that ntothing,
hereini should preventi any mill front
ma.kip lost tine ito tile extent of 60
ollurs per year, ani4d this being agree
able to the f'riends of the bill, was
wI red to by the Hlouse and inserted
in the bill.
'lhere were variotus other ametl
mlentiis proposinl- to make tle measure
less drastic whichN were voted down.
and the hill in its final shtape was
1:ssed to third reading. It has al
reIdy passed tile senate practically
n tllis frnin.
The hill., follows:
The Bill as Passed.
.\ hill t limit the hors of labt inl
pm aml woolen mills.
1[e it enacted hv the Gleneral .\s
emIv o the State of South Iar
Stevi4'1 1. That ten ihours a day. ,r
.- ir, a week. shall const itut
he hur,w vrorkin' for all opera
.ives anl tmployees in eottltt .1n1d
wen m:nti faet u rinu- i,tablishes
enm.gaed in tie mtanut'acturing of'
varn-. eloth. hosiery and othe r pro
ducts for merchandise. except
meehaniies, en pincers, firemen. watch
mlen. teamsters. yard temployces and
elerical force. All contract- for long
er hours of work other than herein
provided in said manufactuiring est
ablishment.-. shall be, and the same
are hereby, declared null and void,
and any person entering into 0 en
WHEN FERTILIZERS SHOULD BE
As a general rule, which has but few
exceptions, thte greater part of the fer
tilizer shou'd be appied to the soti be
fc.re plantin~g the crop it is intended to
I "nefit. Trh> rule is not only in accord
with theore-ileat considerations, tl is also
abundanttly asitained it actuoat practtice,
.s shVwnl .b) carefuilly conductr.d neld ex
l*erimuents Iit ituted for' the extr pur
icse of asc.nittinl eg the Itruth. .my:4 I.a
moent Staticn, I)epartmnent of Agica:tncr,
in Virginia-Carolina Fe'rtilizer Almra,nac.
The t heom y uznde'rlyin,g thie rut!. is It'
fact that ti a;t of the lnt;redienu.;c eru.
lng a comn .:-:tat fcti izsr : a tnt lim
mediattety sotuble and availible, but most
utrgo certain chemical chtanges in the
soil becforc the plant food will bje in tho
propler condition to be taken ttp by thte
roots of the plants. This is particularly
trtue in regard to salta of potash, and in
less 'legree to acid phosphate. It is at
faclt b Ilso, that some forms of potash,
ntotably kalnit. causo chemical changes
in the condition of the plant food already
present in a soil, wher'eby the before in
soluble and non-available p)lant food at
Ieadiy in the soil, becomes available.
The organic substances whipth are large
ly tused in the make up of commercial
fertilizers for thte purpose of supplying
nitrogen to the p lants-sucht as cotton
.seed meat, dried blood, fish scrap, tank
age, etc., also require time it which to
undergo chemical decomposition anid such
change Of form as will enable thte roots
'o appropriate the nitrogen. 1-ven sul
abazte of ammonia, a highly solubile chemni
teni salt. which somctimtes enters into
the composition of a fertlilizer in a very
imrited amounit, must undergo a complete
''hemrical detomhposition in thte soil beforo
hto tlants can make any tise of the niltro
whIch it contalnsin the form of
oanonmila sulphtate. ThIs must be con
.: to-l into nitrate, or nitrate of lime.
Nitrate of soda is the one chtemical
-':tilizer salt that is immedIately avail
sh!e, producing a ver'y proimpt effect when
'pplied to a growing crop (and It should
'C a ppliedl to none other).
Acid phtosphate and potash nmay be ap
'lvid to the soil anmd beddted onl from twvo
to six weeks beforo planting time. It
Is claimed by some experts that potash
'aIrs may bo applied with better resultU
von several months before planting. A
m:ore practical and convenient rule, how
ever', is to apply a complete fertilizer
from ono to three weeks before planting
the crop, when the latter is a corn, cot
ton, tobacco, or other summer-growing
crop, always takingt care to mix the fer
tilize, thoroughly with the soil of the
open bedding furrow in which it shall be
aipplied and then -"listing," or throwing
two furrows on it.
Experiments on the farm of the Georgia
3xperiment Station, projected for the
onrposo of comparing on the one hand
he effectiveness of a complete fertilizer
.jpplied two weeks before planting, and
in the other hand, the effetiveness of
he name qutantity of the same fertilIzer
milled In the furrows with the seed,
:ero followed by an unexpected and sur
cIsinig result-v z., the cotton seeds plant
1 ('It the piats in which the fertilizer
- l)been apiplie'd and bedded o'n ,tWo
'ohs before, came up quicker antd gave
- more ulnifor'm stafd of more vigorous
uiants than resulted on the plate in whioh
forcing such contracts, shall be.deem.
ed guilty of a misdemeanor in each,
and every instance, and, on convic
tion in a court of compentent jurisdie6
tion, shall be fined a sum of mnoney
not less than $25, or more than $100,
or imprisonment not exceeding thirty
days: Provided, nothing herein shall
prevent any mill from making up not
more than sixty hours lost time per
year by reason of accident or broken
Section 2. That the hours of labor
shall remain as they now are until
July 1, 1907, when they shall be re
duced to sixty-two hours. On the first
day of Jhnuary, 1908, and from and
jifter that date the ho'irs of labor
sliall' not exceed sixty hours per week.
She Kept One Secret.
Kansas City Journal.
Miss Mary S. Anthony, the sister
of' the famous Susan B. Anthony, was
talking- about the old, old accusation
against woman that she (nnot keep a
-4A wollial,'' said Miss Aitholny,
'ann keep an important secret as Well
as a man. The secrets she reveals are
slight and harmless ones, sueh as auf
man would reveal. Where is the wo
ninl who evertells a secret tl. re
fleets on her husband or her own
" I know a man who one day refus
ed to tell his wife the outcome of a
husitless transaction in which, natur
ally, site tool a deep ilnterest.
'No.,' Ie sneered, 'I won'I fell
you. It' I did, -yol'd repeat it. Y'o
WiMelt ncll ]lever' Iweop a screi.
"''ohn,' said thle woman qutielly,
'have I ever told the secret about the
solitnile engagement rin you gave
me eighteen years ago being paste?'
Prey of the Sparrow Hawk.
The I'acts in that the sparrow hawk
almost invariablv calcles a fl in
hira for its meal, even sriking down
hinds as larg-e as the wood pi-eol,
th11I usually g-oin- no hi-hl.er than
a blachh)ird. JIf it does not vXa0tly
w like the lar1ger hawks. Yet it
mu11st have voll(litionls of ('ha.se (I'
its ow hlooing.
That is why11' the small hird- usually
nh it with impunity when they are
numeirous eiou-h to bewilder it. Once.
however, I saw a sparrow lawk that
luau heenl molested for soie Illilutes
by a perfect clouti of green fiieles
<lart among them aild secure a vietill.
The other day I had one of these birds
pointed out as the one which a few
days earlier had come close to the
house toward dusk and caught a hat
on the win. That, however, is a very
One way to acquire popularity is by
keeping your troubles to yourself.
A girl's ideal is seldom shatter
ed; usually he is merely broke.
thc fert?iu-e v:s applied ini the furrows
with tic .weds. White this~ res?L~t was not
contemplahtedi, it wais quoickly explained
by the fact that the fertliizer tilat had
been in tile irrouni d two weeks had under
roneC the chr-miBett! ehan:ges already allud
ed to, mind i.s r:mnt food~i was ready for
the immn.-llato w.ints of thet yo:.tug plants.
Thik re.mh. mig;Mie that. it miay be ex
pedienut. !'. iiny i?ase, toI appiy a small
onuanitiiy--say L.o pouiniis-of nitrate
(.f soda in the~ rim: fu: u'w with the cot
ton or :I'" earn.5ds, i Wa liZ mV he dlOne
ih .vract snit:ty wi:hi e. ton soeds,
I * w.i lt(ni dagr to ei a it not placed
lI immetcti te icet v;.. h th,: seed.
Al xYlNG FNRTILIrim,:.::i AT TllIE
T IMN O1. PLANI' .
Tis~ may be understood to i ean either
ap'i\ in the f'rtittzer, be.a'.l:. -i on 1t and
ia:i'y planiilag the' .*d; or' it may
(-s t t '. at ti C,f Mt *g th ' fer
tilizer in the turrowv with tne seed. In
thle latter case, there is always a manl
f"t danger that the coming growinig sea
sea may be unusually dry, in wivlch event
thie fertilizer, being so lightly, covered,
may not be dissolved and properly dis
seminated thrtugh thle soil. It may also
follow thait. thei fertilizer being so concenu
trate'd-en mairie, as it were-aroundi the
tender rootiets of the young plants that
the latter may be injured, or "burned"+~
a not incconsldrble d:1nger. .The plain
is not adv'isabie except wheni a very
light appliention is to be made per acre.
Thlis caution is espieciaLl:ly aplplica ble- to
seeds that are pin tedt in ver-y shallowv
furrows and bnt lightiy covered, such as
cotton, andI it in renerally safer to inter
pose some soil, or. better. dlelosit the fer
tilizer ini one furrow and plant the seeds
ini a furrow immedIately beside; or. vice
versa. planit the seedis fIrst in tile furrow,
andi then the fertilizer in a furrow cliose
beside it. B3ut the preferred plan is ti
bed on the fertilizer, aityl theni plant the
seeds, aifter harrowing down the be(s.
I have oftenu applied 50 to 1.00 pounuls of
a "complete'' fy'tIliter per aLCIre i th
furrow with the cotton r"ed-4;.but It was
"away b)ack" i lhe late sties and r'arly
sev'en ties when firi Illzern sold at $40i io $0
a ton, antd very l.ght applications wr
supposiuedti hle in tho interest of a wis'
eciony. We did net kno.w muth i.h'oe
fertilizers Iin those (lays, andi were ai(rtid
to "liut too much guainoi on the cot ton.'
That time h:is passed and gone, and! thi
up-to-date farmer has fotund that fiC.: and
(Z00 pounds of fertilizer for cot toni.a
properly balanced high-grade fertiliser. t.
each acre of cotton is not dangerous ni
excessive, but simply liberal and judi
clous. Indeed, it is a question of simple
arithmetic, if 100 pounds per acre h
profitable, and it costs no more labor te
cultivate an acre with 500 pounds of ap
pthedughtilr - then 'ivhy not Incr-enst
theamountinvested in fertilizers, and.
if togtadvisable, reduce the area anid
the labor acCount?
Nowt the well-informed farmer only
wants to know if the fertilizer be proper
ly balanced for the erop he wishes t<
grew, and Is sold at a fair prie, and h<
Invests liberally,,,Just ast he would do ii
buying anything att such a price that-he
may sell at a profit of from 50 to 100 po0
centumn and upward. A high-grade. hon.
est fertilizer will 'meet this requirement
There is ami.theor justification for th<
practhi.o of applying fertilizers tm' thb
time of nitinting---viz., when the farmel
has failed to put in his order at the prop
er time. HeT may theni, according. to th<
proverb--sbetter late than not at all"
pult in the fertilizer )vith.the seed, or a
the time of Dlanting.
* * mbn
THE.DAISY S E ED CO
Columbian Beauty Seed Corn, tI
tool tbe'remium at the VWorld's Fai
grain and small Cob, weighs 6o Po
the Stalk ; grows from 150 to 200 Bt
weight in gold. The Seed from
brought here from Genoa, Italy, in
The price of this valuable Corn Is, L
30c. One Pound 50c. Three Poun
Bushel $3 50, Une Bushel $5-00,
$2 oo. Every packago guaranteed
cheerfully refutnided at once, A pi
W.iterme!oi, Tomato und Pumpkii
Corti order- I refer you to lon. J
WAinston-Salem, N. C., or to any reli:
today and be ready to plant when the
ways the cheapest. For a success,
THE DAISY SEE
R. F. D. No. 3, Win
THE "PIONEER" CALENDAR.
A Souveiri -of tlie Jamestovn Expo.
We have received a copy of a beautiful
calendar, reproduced by lithography in
ten different colors, from an oil painting
by Chas. A. Winter, a New York artist.
The foreground illustrates a young man,
In the costume worn by the new-comers
in colonial Virginia. In the Immediate
background there are about fifteen men
building a fort or stockade. Further in
the background is a very wide river, and
.n the bosom of its blue water are three
sailing vessels, proudly riding at anchor,
and from which the pioneers have just
There are many timely suggestions to
farmers on the monthly calendar leaves.
Any of our readecrs can obtain a copy of
this pretty calendar by sending ten cents
in stamps (ox' money) to Virginia-Carolina.
Chemical Co., manufacturers of fertil
isers, Advertising Department, Richmond,
Va., to pay cost of packing and postage.
A Chester Collector.
Each collector has is own way of
preseniting himself, some being more
direct .,than others ini annpuneing the
object of their visit. But we rather
admire John McGinty's style. H6
senffles iln without ceremony, and he
moment lie enters the door lie says, ''I
come at' de money."
FORGET THE WAY
That's the place to get
good fresh things
* ~ to eat.
We keep new goods
coming all the time.
Full line of staple and
fancy groceries always
Fresh bread from Co
lumbea every day.
Yours to please,
FA NTS GROCERY.
c premium corn of the world. It
The Corn is snow white, large
unds to the Bushel, 3 to 5 Ears to
hels to the Acre. It is worth its
vhich this Corn was grown was
[890, by Col. Geo. Siewers. The
y mail, postage paid, Half Pound
is $i.oo, One Peck $2.00, Half
V'wo Bushels $9.oo, Threc Bushels
to give satisfaction or.- money
ickage of the World's Premium
i Seeds go FREE with every
. P.- Stanton, ex-register of deeds,
ible merchant in the city. Order
season comes. The best is al
ton-Salem, N. C.
was an xious for some
worthy man or firm to
uy my stock of
Hats, and Men's
Furnishing Goods, '
and to continue the
ausiness. It was the
oest. opportunity that
will be offered in New-(
berry for a long time to
come, but that oppor
tunity is now gone and
lost to all. I have au
thorized Messrs. Frank
R. Hunter & Co. to ar
range and contract for4
a sale that will be con
tinued until the last
item is disposed of.
The first sale will beS
for fifteen days, and /
should anything be left
after that time another
sale will be put on, and
another and another
until every article has
gone into the hands of
the retail trade. Then
the fixtures and furni- '
ture will be for sale and ~
the store for rent. I
you want real genuin
bargains for yourse'
and family go early
A. C. JONEi
Lynchburg. Va., Feb. 9..