Newspaper Page Text
&p"111A and pM
. H. AULL, EDIITOR.
Entered at the Postoffice at New
aerry. S. C., as and class matter.
Tuesday, February 26, 1907.
Tihe Herald and News suggested
that the old court house be turned ov
er to the city for a public library
Mn Coldition that the building be ren
ovated and a square he built around
it and kept inl good condition. What
do the people think of this plan and
What have the ladies to say of it.
With a library buildiing like this wo
could go to work then inl a systeiatie
way anad very soon have ole oft' tle
best libraries in the state. We wait
to see tle people uniiaainious on Ihis
proposition. Another place should hle
SeCured I'fo a wagonl yard, I'or by ts
in. ' (lie spave arolid the court hotise
the streets are somkletiies blocked so
onle cainlot pass through.
li,very employe of the Southern
railiway should read the address of
President Finley which is printed in
this plper. le very truly Says "ie
serves the railway best who serves the
puiblie best.'' The public hie very tru-'
ly says should be treated with consid
eration and even the man who asks
"foolish and unreasonable questions
and makes uireasotable demands
'should not -he dismissed with a curt
refusal.' ' ''lle imiay not know, ''
says Mr. Finley, " ilt what he asks
is eilieu impossible orl imltreasonlable.
and i a tew wonds of I'rank explaita
tiltin poinitigi. ot to hii why his wish
es caoliot be coliplied willi may selid
Iim away a friend ofI1 tie roiad in
steal (of a faIl It i i'er. " These are
Ver,V trie Woils and soimething.". which
1tla1 v oI, tillo-e who Ire vt Itll Il veI
shotuld have stroigly ilipressed uPlln
them., Those who work t'r tle public
in anly vaplacity. wlether inl the rail
roald service or oitlerwise, wold find
it mn h pleal'alter. in dealingt.. with
the public it' they were always polite
:id vonrtells. \N1y t imues they maY
have t4, anlsWier V r tl\ Ilish :ind tiln
IT'IsIllabl lt' ueslioll lit a v'llrite lis
repl\y Woltha lnt 11or ile e ad
w 1i1i 1 l v 1 illii' 1. 1 Th rieli s 1,1111
l hvlt' sit'e l e l,; i i well i,s the 'tilIl r.ll 1till
v4I v a il IIt' II. twIl - t 'l I liI . 1 r. 1t1I
I1-'i.nley's :1In i replete wI ih I I
i t' I rev i ( l 11' t sI liI It'S IIt1
i1:uli' ion t i e i'l'ld is . , l I . t -hi 1 11.
Many Orpuuian and Little Bread.
t h e ' 1 *ilie lil ilt' Torl sm ll (n1111 -
cre iitetl alillit. . '.. 210 1rb
I ho ys l ' i ll .eel! j il'svess i S'(
tt'lrie ani1'11''~ elitii li it' lIV lillbI5
c it 1-iI Il v I II. 1Ae' 11 . il 1,1tviitlt I 14 1i
1-l1 , 1l v t'O Il Il '' I '0 I1I six y t'ir - ofI
lie lIl) to I7 te eI . a itiotler' t lils
h r lii l 'e, r itt lile it 111 14 1 su p
Pleah'' en an etlit tlri. AlNll ufts slof
shtel wll Otiae (Il iis i a'i.is
.1lIis hilt2'esl alil t I t lite ('h ll coeititile
the lit I tf s vaie-5)1 01r i i h let' fak
i'l IS I. l' ll ilV liia' V li lai )'les e
dalItQS 1t' 1 lo~'a'ele ' it Illa prl was
Vil efoirel thle Very sttaal', cly in
cae~ wlteil oflit el ttilleit2 atit
ate 111pey was u'.ie hit' litpI'it ion.
Wle.e el'elsureli le re ad ]1 wiot in
all en \'oi T0e aie p lantn .altl01
civile officerInl teat io, all ou
tale te avry t 141 ti pr)vio
it ns ' or poiney will pr otiutu
oknolee. very denf mintiansi
eaitatis ere lte l o11t1tmiett
children,abut)thetinsttu teo isader
beosen wo stand tm. P.Jbe. Clain
tion, .. Ty are oti. imprge ftom
torie suploges theythe faitofu ahes
Civil Service. eaii ra
& ..ThI eolpirn. Uxen aer waih sul
eiadmeforeteWa n's of u In in
Newherr atarcn eetin and
th reges of Th Heahl ad ew
jobbery that a change of some kint
was imperative. In 1853 Sir Charlo
Wood introduced in parliament at
India bill, providi,ng that civil offi.
cers in Ipdia should be assigned b)
competitive examination; the commit
tee to whom the bill was referred ree
ounended the same system for the
lione government. Th1e matter cani
ip again in 1855, receiving the pow.
erful support of Mr. Uladstone. 11
w1as enlthuSiasticIlly supportld also
by Lord Macaulay and John Stuart
MAill. Macaulay maldo one of his fin
est speeches in behalf of the mnsure.
He took tlie ground that nien who dis
tinguished themselves in their youth
above their cotitemporaries almost al.
Ways keep to the end of their lives
the start which they have gained. In
proolf of, this he refers to the eilen
dars of' lie two niversities, Calm
bridge and Oxi,ord tor' a hundred
Y01ar11s. ie claimed that the man of
Ile highest collegialte hotnors won the
flust prizes in af'ter life in church,
law, parliament, dliplomlacey and Oith
or professionS, in it ratio of twenty
to onle as compared with ment of in
ferior attaimnents. "The youth,'' lie
says, " who does be(*t what all the
ablest and most ambitious youths
about, him are trying to do well, will
genetrally prove a superior man.''
Jont Start Mill said the plan of
throwing openi the civil service to
compe'tition was oti of the greatest
imiproventuits in public affairs ever
proposed by a government.
ihe duty of drawing up a plan for
carrying civil service into effect in
India was entrtsted to a committee
of, dist intgutished men, with Macaulay
as chair.in.ii This comiit tee, we are
told, "provided at simple but elTective
achinery f'or admitting into the .ser
vice mtien of eiergy and ability-and
a complete list of subjects of exami
natTions.' The Indian government.
adopted the list, aid ill the recoli
mn11Idations of tile committee on oth
e. point-s. This wits in 1854. The
advocatles of reform ma111de it brave
and 'deterninied effort to have the
samv system carried into effect in .the
civil service inl the home government
of' ('reat Britain. They were unsue
eesst'ttl until 1870, when by order int
vonnieil dated the 7th Jhune. all the
pulitc olilV-rs inl the state. except
lor-eiun ofilfivers. were thrown open to
public vomlipetiti"ln. Thls at,ter long
oppolititn trtoml t privile'u"edI e'ha.s
e'-. the plans :nI projposals o, It ear
Iv alkotmates r civil -ervive re'rm
were ahtost entirely carried out. In
18a limited comtet itiot had beetn
p erIm ittd butt nIothin tampraIl to
ther sweep'tinit reform oft 1T7. Trhet et
ft I f th ) h n.e we 1n rvkI odII, ' , has cI'
bek - ot-lll he o I. In Ih ne .(- 1 I. 1A
bti-e 11 illt lit 1i 4 1he effi
v I It i m.n if t h e e r n r . Ie v tI I I
li t e r i 1iAwlile, tal' ki' Ainel
tean wrie lookingio- i'orward with a
lning iwtt eye to tithe day whent tle Ulnit
SStates sholId alopt tle 1r1'itish
systemt of compept itive exami inat ions
a- Ite otie antd onily' speritie a-zaiinst
polit ical jobbery w it h all i'ts atte.n
dant e'vils. Our tir'st pr'esidentt,'Wash
ington,li too t'eat f'or any' paty,~ but
beirlo ngtin toi t t ha whole coiuntry,v hiid
no I thouht in selectiing hi i subord'(i
niateis, siave thle seect-ing at' thle hiigh
t'st t alet, the~ most t'aitful .ervice.
So ini hiis ab)intet we tintd Thtotmas Jet
Ic'eson secret arv ofI state, Alexander
These ti omeni, (feach a colossus in his
stpderec. 'epr'esented the two .jarrning
prin cipjles iof ext reite demtocracty and(
extrnie cont ralIizatitin 'I wichl have
been strutggling for' thle tuppet' ha.d
tromn thle beginin tg of thli-s gover'n
mien t downt to the precsent time. As
well expert ir'e ittd water' to mi.ntgle
ats toa hope fin' eveit a semblance of
harmntony betw~een Hatmilton attd Jef
iesn. They <jiarrteledl scattnloutsly
acroi'ss the cabint, t able, to t he g'rief
both as it. they' were his soins. The
titlienlty was solved finally by the
r'esignat ion of Jlefer'son. TPhe fail
nye't of t his expet'timenit tunder so great
it leadIer as Washiigton pr'oved be
yaod conitroversy'5i, thait in a coun try
govecrneod by polit ioal parties, it is es
sentiaml thtit the cabinet be comnposed
entir'ely of men belontging to the p)ar
ty electing the pr'esident. This rule,
hiowev'er, (does .not apply to the civil
ser'vant of a government and sneh
otlniils in the United States were apr
poinited withtout any timte limit, until
William IH. Crawford, of (Georgia, ini
trodtuced an itct in 1320, lIking the
itrms of civ'il service olieials at four
yeitrs. T1'his law Putt itmmtenise powerC
itnto t he hands of ev'ery incoming
pr'esidlent. No pr'esidlent took adivan'
tage of it. before the electin of An.
dr'ew Jackson ini 1830. To him be
lontgs thbe bad emintence of catrrying
into ev'ery depattment of the civi
seric~ie thle baneful doc t'ine, '' To th<
victor belong the spoils.'' lie wva
the v'ictor', and in demotnstratior
thet'eof, turned outt of doors hutndrej:
of faithful and experienced official:
for purely political reasons.
It has been said that the most dan
gerous person to e pt4 i .
in W. A. Neal, and was called his body
ty g6ard. The principal thing that I di<
x- during the war was to throw ul
op breastworks and bury the ded.
jai served as a Confederate soldie
ng through the whole war. When ask
ily ed about his education, he said: 'No
a I got no edueation-I'm a Alaveri
n- nigger and was brought up right. Ed
is nueating the negro does him no goo(
or -makes him worse; I would not trus
ilf the present day nigger in my house.
I- "I won't even go to thei' church
es. I associate with the white folk
'mn they come in buggies to see me. No
es sir, it. does l) good to educate thi
nt nigger.'' When asked if he had eve
if- any trouble with any one, ho "said
n- "'No, I never was a witness and nov
er was tried for anything. I alwayt
to stayed at home and attended to m
of ownl business. That is what all nig
ly gers oihllit to do.''
9I Severe on Senate.
Bart Kennedy, the noted English
novelist, told inl New York a story
about the senate.
"I heard this story in Washing
(in,'" said Mr. Kennedy, "ifind I have
8. every reason to believe it. is true.
"A senator hurried into the senate
a chamber one ibruing early and said
to a page:
" 'Young man, did you find a ten
dollar bill on my desk last evening I
wrote a letter, intending to inclose the
i- bill, but somehow I failed to do so
w and left it behind on the blotter.'
is " 'Yes, senator,' said the page, tak
ing out his wallet, 'I did find that
6 bill, and here it is. And it's a lucky
thing for you, sir-, that none of the
e other senators happened in before I
" saw it.' ''-Boston Herald.
S,Foctory for Sal
ONE THAT YOU CAN BUY.
- he Victor Talking Machine is
a regular SUNSHINE FACTORY.
There are no dull days when
you have a Victor In your home.
Come and hear a few songs by
the great opera stars repro
duced by the Victor. You will
- think you he ar the singers'
living voices. We sell Victors
r'on the easy payment plan.
Salte' Art and Variety Store
Ar. styllsh nnd up-to-date Shoes
BEE HIVE. You will fInd all
and at prices tha.t defy competition.
.We sell an<
ter Br own',
~- Blue Ribboi
Shoes and Ox
fords, for Boy;
and -Girls. W<
4positively w i1
.give a new pal
if you do not fin<
them to wear a:
we repr es en
them. Just re
ceived 1000 prs
L adi es ' a n
8Misses' !ow cut;
Sand purnps fo
- street and eve
n fing wear in lat
V est shapes an<
tos.'Pr I c
Ito $3.50. W
oe Co 's Shoes and Oxfords fc
:d in the Shoe line more stylial
for the money you pay o r t.hen
ge in price at $2.00, $2.50. $3 0OC
agents for the celebrated T. 0
oes for the sweli trade of the city
large'of the Shoes an4 Clothin
ire in showing this line of Shoe
dIs who wear high grade Shoe~
~tore in TOWfl
suprome authority Is a slft6ado m
of commanding ability. is e v
of mind leads him into trapge I
periments; his lack of study, dd
thought on the whole su of. h)atio,
destiny bli.nds him to the far-reaelhi
consequences of his acts.. Probal
no American has been gifted with
111010 )assioniate patriotism than A
drew Jackson; yet he fastened on I
country aln iniquious burden, um!(
which that country groaned for hi
a century, and which is .not yet
tirely lifted from her shoulders.
The degree of civil service refoi
enjoyed in the United States da
from the administration of Preside
C. A. Arthur, and was carried( into (
feet by almost unanimous vote of ec
gress, in. January, 1883.
The reform was at first limited
a few classes; but as the benefits
thie system developed,it was gradual
enlarged uitil lit this present dal
1907, it includes nearly every bran,
of government tservices.
Mrs. W. H. Wallace.
Newberry, S. C., January, 1907.
OUTS THE PIGEON WING
AT THE AGE OF 1o
Trimmian Hammond Is the Name of
Pickens County Negro Who
Dances at Age of 108.
Pickens, Feb. 20.-Your correspoi
deit, this morning had all intervie
with an ante-belltim darkey. He
the oldest main in Pickens count;
According to his statemient, he is U
years old; and his name is Trinnia
I ramimond. ie was horn on Tnr
and Tweity crevk, niow in Andersc
coutnty, on the plantation of Sai
Warren in the year 1799. Sam Wa
ren was a Revolutionary soldier an
lost his leg in that war. Warru
was Hamm11111onld ma 11111ster un1til hie W.
sold to Alfrel Neal. father of C(I
Wmil. A. Neal. Col. Neal's mother i
her death bed requested her son.'.\I
A. Neal,'to provide for 1anmnond an
his wife durini their lives. It is sai
by flainiond's neiglbors that whe
Col. Neal brings the old darkev Ili
necessaries of life old man Hammon
C.M id does "eInt the pigeon wit
to heat the hand.
L,att I day daikies are not in
with this 4141 111111 when it comie t
Ole doithle-shltlfle. lte lived in .\
der-sonl cotinty Il) fi three vents a 1
aill heOn renovedI to 'Cl. Neal's plat
tation at Pieken-ville.
Asked what he did durin- the w.,
the ,bl ne'nuro said: ''I -we t to It
war witih 1.wrice N.v. brut'heri
When looking for brand ne,
and Oxfords, remember THE
the latest shapes ar'd leathers.
$3.0a- 40.W r
carry'sahfghlgrde fMeon Sh
Mr. W. F. Ewart who has c)
departments, will take pleast
to his many gentlemen frien
Prices $3.00 to $6.00.
TH E BI
NOTION: "SOOL TRUSTBBS.
The truptees of the various Soho*
Districts Who ite'd to prepare a lio,
of the polls a4d dogs. in their distrit
' for 1007 will pl6ape do so at one
and hand same to some member of th
board of assessors from their town
ship, between - tke 5th and 19th a
March, as the boaeds will be in pes
If possible the School Trustees oj
their clerk should meet with tho
board of assessors and see that eaci
poll and dog is properly entered. ]
think by this method we ca% avoic
erroneous entries and increase th4
school fund in each district,.
W. W. Cromer,
Auditor Newberry County.
I; e j so
the British army,
his bills in cash.
have learned that
cheeks are honore
the glob)e. Open
anid you ca.n pay 3
ly, convdhiently al
money a.ny ot.her
The Commercial Bai
Interest Paid in our
"The Bank fot
Jno. M. Kinard, Pres, J.Y. McFal
ZNotice is hereby given that we, the
undersigned Jty Cdnkzissioners for
Newberry County, S. C., will at the,
1ofilce 9 the Clerk of Cotirt for said-9
County at nine o'clock A. M. March
Oth., 1907, openly and publicly draw'
the names of thirty six men, who
shall serve as Petit Jutoro at a Spec
ial 'term of Court ~gf General Ses
sions which will convene at Newber-,
ry Court House, Monday, March 25th,/
1907, and continue for one week.
Jno. L. Epps,
Wim. W. Cromer,
Jno. C. Goggans,
Jury Commisgioners for Newberry
but he had to pay
Since his time men
it is safer to pay by
al in any portion of
an account wvith it,
our bills mnore safe
id cheaply. Sending
r'ay is risky and out
ik, of Newberry,S.C
I, CashIer, 0. B. Mayer, Vice- Pres
se the Best.~
'ATE AND OIL 4