Newspaper Page Text
terest of tie public gencrally, as di,,
tinguished from that of a class, .m
whelier tile means are reasonlabl,
nleceVSsalYryor. thle accomplishimenit o
file publie object. and not ulilly of
pressive in ii vidula li lo a1 Leg"i
latiure c init holer lie nise of pro
((eet inl the puliv inierest imlpisv unl
u suat)l :)Ildi m ), -.e-; ry rs rictI ionI
11p4,n inld;vidliwl (w larwhio ()('
eiiptionws. The.' uprm Coiut. i1
Allg.ever s I. Ltisanna. 1115 U. S. 5Sf
in eonsiderin al. sa A1tatute claimed to b
a violation of the Porilteeith Aimend
ment, sysa': "Tie liberty nientione
inl Ihat amendment means not onl,
the righlIt of the citizen to be fre
from the mere physical restraint o
hisi person. as by incarceration, )hu
tle tern is deemed to embrace th
ri'lt of Ile vitizeln to be free in th1(
employment ' all his flelities; to b<
free to use hei in all lawful ways
to jiv.'e al work where he will; to
ear'n his livelilhood by any lawfu
ei i." eiin siiilatr expr1essions il
easvs 1'n-vi'usly devidted. Thle -right11
of everv eit iw::: to wellrk Where t(
will aniid f,0r whom he will, to select
not mnlv his employer, but his asso
eiates: it I''n :mi'-ay oft thle eommnon
calt.s..t III" I%i :m. i 111v vmlu oe
avocations- ii, lihe, is onef or thol),
i!:alienablle Iri-Ots lrm-11i1.alted inl the
Deelaratii if' ImIleieeniiev. amtl ii
ti' hill (f ri.rlIs. whihel privides that
"tall 14 . 11r e p1 es1-e d Ill e't1n l a1d
iwili' a.l11atit :Il r I'lts. alen' lo
' hi li'. Ii ''c o il t il l rii-si lit
.1 1 lin Se.' This i, n1.,w a 1parit at
(le holy a:il lett i'f the m law
tI he R epu b1liv, n:141 i-z e(Io sistnt
1 Ii I lIt I le n''l- t alld piritl 1 4Vl' its
femth-r's. .1n1'e 'Imle v on Torts,
p:ww. 27. snv, 1t is a part 4f every
mian1's vivil ri.h 111:1 he he left at
libert v to refu 4ise bies, re)a 'lt) ions
with an y pers,1n1 whollmei:i--:ver. Wheth1
er the refisal rests u1pon reas1Oll, or .4
Ile result of whim. eaprive. prejIdice
eor m1ali'e." and the same author in
his work onl cons,t it itt ional law, page
237, inl speakin- of the Thirteenth
Aiement1, salys: "It is, therefore,
a jlisi collellis l tt Itlat any r il iimila
iI.n1 whieb nar'ws Ii ole ilass. while
lealiw'r 1ilv's1riedei to oilliel's.; (lie
frl'(.t Im o) I' Ilwi ce ill emplyI)I)vItnnts,
mu11st h 'erardevd as (le establisl
l1lf%1l of ilv'lientar0 1 sv "ervillide. anld,
Tilv "411 r11- i'f C inr1 III t!%v I'litedl
s ;tmvs inllit Ow 8 itllier II011SP 17ase,0
11; Wali. 36. snvs: "Tho \vwrd servi
tde is o0' laierl mniin tii slav
''y, ais the ler is la)r11:11'ly uiele'r
steelmll tils *'e t rv, w111 t1 I llviils
hlllv'lvW.!- -hlve< 1ll 1:IIOllti
ei I ' \I'ie.9 W ;1-'' i. I . wan.
4-V\ u 'II t . Li , -1 . e- t b4 th ''-e
liv ae.je"1lie ve' f4 rl.I' eieis as
it had'e':ie'p:tede . h'' W4 In-.tei
Oli 1I1v e- ' Ill' O v - tit'le Iiwlle. v
hvvl evallel1 it' tillIv the wilrd slave*v
1ad . II 'e't 1t'.I el , a I ll ,Ir. .Illst ice
lehd, ini his lissenut in' ee1ilioll ill
(lie s:iune case, says : "It is, hoeweve,.
cleari tlhat tlie weorels 'inivolullttav set'
vi Itide,' inelnide soemethli ng more tha tn
slaverty ini the siruie't sense of thle lermn.
Th'lev iniehlie a lso sertfago, v'assalag'e,
eel e'4mplerev sertvie'e t''er the bi'efit
or ph'lteueel' othiers." lIn the c'ivil
i-ihts 'a wes. 1001 1'. 8., '3, Mir. .htisti:'e
1 hiih-y,' V r'eferr'i'k toe a foreriiie dle'is
1i4n eel the samie Curit , wich'l lead c'ont
v'ileae's antd immunieiti es eol i'it i'zens,
whliebi e'nn1111 i ht~ ulenly ne' abrided'ee
by- stail" laws,. says: '"A longi' list of'
hardienis antd d isablil it ies of' a serv'iil e
chi 1 aa'ter1 incieidenit to feuid alI vassalage
ini Franciee, aned wich et werie abiotlihed
by (lie deetees of (lie Natijonal As
semibly, wasl4 preent eed fer the pur
p~'ose of' shoiwk:g tat all ineiualit ies
andi c observances exacted by
one1 man fromi, aniother* was$ ser
v'i iudlt' ori bades of slavery, whih
a great -naitionr in its effort toc
est ablishi universal liberty, made
haste teo wipe out and destroy, but
old law, eor by' lom'r cutstom~ whieb
hiae thie force eof law, aind exactedl by~
one man14 fromt another withbout thei
lat ter's econtsenlt.' Shiould anly suel1
s(ievI iudes hce imuposeid by a stalt
law there c'an b:e no donhl't that (lhe
law would he recpniesant to (ho e'eour
teenth Amiiendet, tn l ess than tieI
the TPhirit eenth A mendme t'lI, nlor an.
gretIeed dloubt thaet congress'P~ hadl tide
qualte power'ci to forbid any suchl ser
v'itutde Croim beinig exaeoted."'
Mr. Tiedman, in state and Federa
Control of Persons and Property
Volume 2, Section 204I, says: "EvWera
man, has a natural right to hire hil
services to anyone lie pleases, or t<
refr'aini fromi sneh hiring, and so like
wise it is tN right of every one te
determine wvh e services he will hire
** The Government therefore, can,
not exert any restraint upon the aec
tions of the parties.'" Ini Ritehie v:
People, 155 Ill, 98, the court says:'T
an ownler can.not be deprived of hi:
property w ithout due process of lay
he cannot be deprived of any of the
essential attributes which belong t
the right of property without du
Il process of law. Labor is property
v the laborer has the same right to se
f his labor and to contract with refe
- enee thereto as any other propert.,
- OwINer. The right of property invol
- NVes as one (of its essential attribute
. Ithe ri-ht not only to coltr(a'ct, but al
- vi%e' of what has been said it canno
1 het'Pv4 dnt tlit the plaintiff in er
, Iror, Ciles Glillespie, had a right t
I terminate his contract, if Ie had ont
- With Ritchie, subject to civil liabilit;
I l'or. any termination which should b
tunwarranted. One citizen cannot b
3 compelled to give employment to an.
f otier citizou, nor ca) any one be coni
t pelled to be employed against his will
'1The Act of 1893, now under consider
ation, deprives the employer of the
i(t to terminate his contract with
his eiiyloyee. 'The rght to terminl
ate such a contiract is gut raniteed by
ilit or-nanie law of the state. The
Legishature is forbidden to depriv<
the employer o. employee of the ex
ereise ot that right. Tlie Lislatulre
hadt4 1nIo aithority to pronounce the
perform 111anlce of, anl innloce,'nt act eriml
inal wNhoen the puldiv he.alth, saifety.
cmf41114t1 or welfa'o is n101t interfered
it I. 'Thie stitute inl qullestion saYs
1hat1 it' a1 mani exervises his Constitil
timnallrgh to termIliinate I collntc
Nl"I :Il vi.. l lpil,ihiN."q h 'o 1.1. lp ml
hIarinl , I hi I) heI Ilvd. a- '.1 i ti com
msIll If crimeit.'' .\dam Smith inl
hi Wvoihh ol' Nntios. h. 1. ch. 10,
paro 2. says: 'The property which
evrTYlonlP Is inl his own lIbor, as it
i the ori1ina.1 foluldatiqion of all other
PI,#hter0lY. s4j it is tile Ilwst sak-red anI
invi(dable. The pa):trIimonIly oft thle
po4r ian lies in th sItenth and dex.
ttvrity of' his ownt liands, aInd to hin
dier him Io lemp111 yi:l this strengtl
ami dexteritv in what mannrCI he
thinks proper vithout injury to his
neighbor, is a plain violation of this
most sacred property.''
To empel one person to labor for
anolther against his will is legalized
IIIi.-aldom. It WOUld searcely be con
'iih el Iiha let Clemeliold by force or
irats compel tese petitioners to
w0rk Ifor hiit -I.niinst their will in
payilent of their iFndebtedness. Any
suc'h aittempt mi his part woul be a
di-ect vilati f1 m t I he Aet of( o CIn
rs o1 Alirch 2, IS67, whtitl forbids
ainy attllpt, di I l 4)ly ' im lilreet ly, to
enoc InvoluntaIIry seric or habor.
in liiiiidatimn 41' anIy debt. and would
subject hilim to a erimlitnal pr-oseeution
aMil Io t penaltits enmmetd i that
.\ 11'. : llh snmw .\ct IIIC-lar1es nn111
:11 i v id the l Idws ;f n- t- r Tvr
rin.-r -d * r m bv l thv en11 1-ln' r he 1' n--I ct:
- Naa !E ignihul ' il'1 d bS.
T- sn-utinl Ih' validity (W this sta
l'!e il i,(.I' ll(eildeI tHaIt Ile vio ltimn
of li 4itfr:nt' eoie the eetatued
lit :-1h l a Hlu ', Iic tlk. e I n il ll
no- ~ laid a \%- wit hi Iie polive
4 weri'' ol' te statie. 41am't t t inae
not-h as'2 th:'ei eitins have been tcin
itedli'si alit ares serillg a4 iintc ao
the offense~ denuncedn byite tatute
as s a utmisd eeanor,li' thei cse'(i flns
5siiiit4 t I t'i'ptit . o f the Tis
nii nt15 lva l 1crIme whrf thiI vle a rties
was id iy n uthes argumet ipon fad
iin itft theN Spreme ('Inr ik,- nt,e
l):ee. pae:irei (it is, 1114: 'it thin
ittne tha the motailhoet thifnt,
etc the rlt ofl tserefuce wilfpay
hs aI te staet h the ha toe
sier. wlettc. stWa:el r i dt'uii.th' it
elst ii t pruuentifor oncitine.1l1
* * *'' *) theu sate, do'isn s tt are
s 'not mutems I it(11 mc ei' I.isd 'ects
edtIji)'tsil a i ilwlass ofe acifti-n
dui ltly is u ust maysn] is aitfraud
(l !entca.''E artey " Clrk, 15 Am,
De. 1a7, 3ays '(N. J.,)and it ist minc
tand onehat pte ra failure t fr
ae hing rleceswiled antvnes er.
e ntc te esonae seviko wni'full
and wit'thout. as, an l)tmlti
terean the stae s dihereceht tpen
alieatin toepareseeaon frudlt
ptes.ut To. is umnnecisar tot con-r
tider inther on istanuce thcan itt
ther be misdemofealty ai gtorpad
alywl Uls wthin tegaeeray por
bowr oft sltat e, cfp'nor ths ttt
clsso of chatpcariotr.one is direct.a
or oward acgl lass of cniitas n iin
th eat pnhmwhich is abtaiysnldot no
- uihdfo alr o efr e
- andte.Te urm or
c -imposed upon others guilty of lik<
delinquency, this Atatute cannot 1)
1 sustained; but arbitrary selectionl ea11
never 'be justified by calling it classi
v fication. The eqiiail ' protection; de
- mn11ded bY tihe Fourteenth Amend
S ment f'orbid Ihis'' and clsewher-e ii
Sthe Saillt, opinion, page 158, the C'murt
says: 1u t a mere statute to comipel
t thle paymeniivit (1m inidobtedness does"
- Hot Coelle withinl hile SCOPO of pliice
regulat iOnIS.'' It will be. ' obsrved
that a laborer violating his contract
, shall be delmed guilty of a Inisdem
3 eanor, and punished for suhle viola
3 tion. It provides in terms that any
- laborer, etc., ''who shall receive ad
vances either in money or supplies
and thereafter wilfully and witliout
just cause fail to perform the rea
sonable service required of him by
the terms of the said contract, shall
be liable to prosecution for a mis
demeanor.'' Its whole Purpose is to
coerce the laborer to perforn t he
service required of him by the terms
of his contract uinldel plalty of pros
entiion am imprisanent if he fails
to work. It is a legislative judgment,
enforeing involuitary servitude. Un
der tle guise of police power it com
pels onle personl to Coitinule agaiist
his will to reinder personal services to,
another. If this Act and others of
colniate character is isustained fle
state may by its rinilal laws C0111
pleely 11nlliyi,-v ald abroaletgaie the mail
ob1Ject of' Ihe amenidmenit prohibiin
sivery aid invoinltal'V servitude,
an111d Stablish a coiplete system of
IeOnn.e. Tit system as it existed in
New Mexico is deserileil by Davi, in
his hook. "' El(rinxo.'' as ''bit a
mor0Ve harmin nae foi a species of'
slavery as ahjeet aiid oppressivv as
11 founi1d upon the American conin1l
ent. * * Among the proprietors
in the country the master generally
keeps a store, whiere the servant is
obli.ed to puricase every article lie
wants, and thus it is an easy matter
to keep him always in debt. The mas
ter is required to furnish the peon
with goods at the market value, and
may adva-!ev him two-thirds ihe
aioilit of) his Ilolithly -wages, I)Iut
these provisiois made for the benefit
Manufacturers of Door
SaHsh, Doors, Blinds, T
Ornamental Wood Wor
Flooring, Ceiling, Sidii
the Building Material L
We want your inqui
grading and workman
prices are right.
HartsviIIe Wood N
May 30th 1
Rate $8.30 from
Tickets on sale from points I
Carolina, May 26th to June
schedule'd to arrive at Richmon
Final limit to leave Richmon
I I th, with privilege of extensio:
deposit of ticket with special ag
of fee of fifty cents.
Return portions of tickets re
will be honored from Norfolk if
portunity of visiting the Jamesti
through car and train service
most comfortable means of reat
Wrie for beautiful illustrated
W. J. CRAIG,
Pass. Traf. Manager,
*150 PER MONTH
Why work for a mere living when
you can easily clear $7 profit on each
dollar. Work in your own locality.
Sells at almost every home over and
over again. Plan and complete in
struction by return mail for 25 cents
Address. J. F. Clark, Conway, Ark.
the contract for
your new build
ing see W. T. Liv
ingston. B e s t
Lock Box No. 59.,
Newberry, S. C
S. B. JONES'
IS THE PLACE TO GET
Good Things to Eat
ON SHORT NOTICE AND
AT MODERATE PRICES.
Oysters on Half Shella. Oysters any
Style.. Fish, Game, Steak, in fact
Everything that the market affords.
Patronage of Ladies Solicited.
Opposite Newberry Hotel Office and
Next Door to Pool Room.
LOOK FOR THE SIGN
S. B. JONES'
V11L L E
LLE, S. C.
and Window Scrcens,
irned and Scroll Work,
k, Mantels, Mouldings,
nig, and everything in
ries arnd orders. Our
ship is good, and our
L.LE, S. C.
:o June 3d.
Newberry, S. C.
n Virginia, North and South
2nd inclusive, and for trains
d before noon of June 3d.
d returning not later than June
i of final.limit'.to~ July 6th, by
ent at Richmond and payment
ading account above occasion
desired, thus affording an op
C COAST LINE
will provide the quickest and
folder, containing Maps, Lists,
T. C. WHITE,
Gen. Pass. Agt.,
ar, N. 0.
The Bank o1
his Bank was establishe
tune. It will so care for you
cure, and you can have it wh<
join the financial family it wil
of need. It insures you the be;
Make a deposit today. 1
4 per cent on money in the
Geo. Y. Hunter, President.
J. F. Brown
Paid Up Capital -
Surplus and Individual
For prptection of depos
H. C. MOSELEY President. h
W. W. WHEELr-R, Cashier. (
Better a conservative intere.
return when wanted, than a high
about the principal.
A National Bank is a safe De
makes it so. Likewise our Boa
of prudent conservative managei
G. W. Bowers.
J. A. C. Kibler.
R. L. Luther.
M. A. Carlisle.
J. H. Hunter..
J. P. E
We allow 4 per cent. per
Department, interest p
At Factory Prices.
Write us at once for our special plan
of payments on a Piano or Organ
If you buy either instrument throu h
us, YouVet a standard make, one
that wi last a life-time. Write
Malone Music House
COLUMBIA, S. C.,
For Catalogues, Term., Etc.
Main Street, N4
Capital $50,000 00
The rapid growth of this Bank
public confidence in its manager
Its depositors have entrusted i
edge that they would be safe 1
more would be a source of exce]
Savings department pays 4 pe
J. D. DAVENPC
E. R. H IPP, Vic
M. L. SPEAR M
GEQ. B. CROM
1 have rented, i
Stables of Mr. G.
depot where I a
serve my friends
in the livery, feed
J.. G. BF
ity, S. C.
d to assist ycu in building a 'for
r money that it is absolutely se
never you want it. And if you
I prove your, good friend in time
t service and convenience.
,very fortune has grown from a
J. S. Wheeler, V. Pres.
ty, .S. C.
- $26,000 00
Profits $5,000 00
3tr . $25,000 00
. A. CARLISLE, Vice-President
;EO. JOHNSTONE, Attorney.
t on your deposit with its safe
rate and a feeling of doubt
osit. Government supervision
rd of Directors is a guarantee
W. P. Pugh.
Jno. B. F ellers.
W. A. Moseley.
H. C. Moseley.
annurn n our Savings
J. W. WHITE.
Surplus $8,000 00
is a clear indication of the
o it their funds in the knowi-.
eyond question, and further
lent profit to them.
r cent. interest.
M. B. Epting, in
m prepared to
and sale bui