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VOL XLIV O 3 NEWBERRY S. 0', rES;)AY' JULY 16. 1907. TWICE A WEEK. $1.50 A YEAR
W. H. STALWORTH IS ARREST
ED IN GREENWOOD.
Approached the Board-Defendant,
However, Denies Charges and is
Released on Bail by Magis
Greenwood, July 10.-Sheriff T.
W. MeMillan yesterday received in
struetions to arrest W. H. Stalworth,
a well known citizen of this county,
who made his home for a few years
in Beaufort, the order to arrest being
based on a warrant issued by a mag
istrate of Beaufort county, charging
him with a violation of section 46
of present dispensary law. This war
rant had to be endorsed by a G reen
wood county magistrate, who could
then order ithe sheriff to make the
arrest. The local magistrate, W. G.
Austin, was occupied all day with a
case, so Sheriff MeMillan secured
the endorsement and order of Magis
trate M. G. Bowles of Coronaea, who
was in town yesterday.
Mr. Stalworth was in town, hav
ing come up from his motber's home
in the country, where he h been for
a few days, preparatory to going to
Gainesville, Ga. where the has accept
ed a position with his brother, who
is the manager of the big otton
Mill *t New Holland, built by the
late Capt. John Montgomery. MT.
Stallworth accepted this position
some weeks ago, but las been unable
to go to work on aecomnt of a run
down condition of his health. He
s nt some time here in 'town after
eturning from Beaufort and only a
ew days ago went out into t'he coun
.Iry to his mother's plantation. Yes
terday he happened to come to town
on business and saved Sheriff McMil
lan a trip. Upon the advice of his at
torneys, Grier & Park, he waived his
right to a preliminary hearing and
demanded bail. Magistrate Bowles
granted 'his release upon a bond of.
$500, which was immediately given.
The sheriff of Beaufort county
was immediately notified by Sheriff
MeMillan of the outcome. Mr.:Stall
worth denies specifically and emphat
ieaily the dharge made against him.
He says :he is not connected in any
way with any whiskey house and an
ticipates no difficulty, he says, in .pre
seating proof of 'his innocenee.
For some reason tde sheriff of this
county was cautioned to use ''great
secrecy'' in making This arrest. Mr.
Stallworth was greatly amused at
any intimation that such a -thing was
deemed necessary. He has done
nothing, he says, and, his mrovemen,ts
have never been under cover. Indeed
he has been on 'the streets of Green
wood every day for over a month un
til a few days ago.
STALWORTH AREST .
Affdavits Had Been Received Charg
ing Man With Serious
H. C. Stallwor'th, former district
constable with Beaufort as hieadquar
ters, was arrested Wednesday in
Greenwood on the charge of attempt
.-ing to bribe and influence a mem
ber of 'the Beaufort county dispen
sary board in violation of section 46
of tihe Carey-Cothran act. For some
time there has been an investigation
of the charges against StalIworthi and
hHle in Beaufort looking into thes
Solomons case Auditor West received
affidavits that caused him to order
the arrest of Stallworth.
? ifiavits have been filed from
H. -G. Bu'rkmeyer, a member of the
Beaufort. board, and Dr. Elliott, the
chairman of the board. The former
states sthit ,he- was. approached by
Stallwdrth in- regard to purehasing~
liquors from Augusta. Mr. Burk
meyer refused to aMow him to dis
elose dhe names of the firms repre
sented and referred Stal'worth to the
law on the subject.
Dr. Elliott states that he was ap
proached by Stallworth, who asked
advice as to whether to work on a
a.lar or commission. Dr. Elliott
stated halt a salary was more eertai.
Then Stallworth said that his house
had suggested working on a commis
sion, but he was afraid that he might
have to divide ithe commission with
some one. Dr. Elliott then told him
lie had betiter be careful how he ap
proached individuals along this line.
Attorney General Lyon said last
night that he would push this case
before the courts as 'he had pushed
4he Solomons ease.
During the Revolutio-,ary War,
John Arnold moved, with his family,
from near Kings Mountain, North
Carolina, to Newberry District, South
Carolina. His family consisted of
seven sons and one daughter. The,,
daughter married a man by the name
of Jay. The names of the seven sons
were George, Moses, Willi6 John1
Isaac, -Jacob and James. In the
year 1807, George, Moses and Wil
liam, moved with their families to
Ohio, the remaining four brothers and
sister staying in Newberry District.
Should there be any descendants of
those four brothers or sister in that
section, will they please correspond
with the undersigned and attend the
reunion, the n%eee of which is given
below. G. W. Arnold,
Arnold Centennial Reunion.
.Three brothers, George, Moses and
William Arnold, sons of John Arnold
of South Carolina, came, with their
families, from South Carolina to Ohio
in the year 1807. The descendants of
these three brothers will hold a Re
union in. the Darke County Fair
Grounds, near Greenville, Ohio, on
Thursday, August 8, 1907.
Order of the Day.
8 a. M'. to 10 a .m-Assembling.
10 a. m. 'to 11 a. m.-Addresses of
Welcome and Responses. -
11 a. m. to 1 p. m.-Recess for
Lunch and Acquaintanceship.
1 p. mi to' 2 p. m.-Talks on 'A
Century in Ohio."
Reports of Committees and ReoT
2 p. m. to 5 p. m.--General Good
You and your family are cordially
invited to come with smiling taces,
extended hands and well filled bask
ets. Let us 'honor the memory of our
noble ancestors. .All friends of the
family kindly invited.'
G. W. Arnold, secretary, Locking
Luke Arnold, President, Ansonia,
Reception and Information Commit
L. N. Arnold, Greenville, Ohio; W.
H. MCool, .Jaysville, Ohio; L W.
Arnold, Greenvill1e, Ohio, (R. R. 7.)
Rich Men Economizing.
New York Sun.
''What 's 'the matter, Mr. Oppen
heim?' asked a waiter on duty in
the Waldrof-Astoria cafe a few af
ternoons ago of Ansel Oppeaiheimn,
vice president of the Chicago and
Great Western railroad.
'About what?'' rejoined Mr. Op
penheim, w'ho is known to all the
waiters through his freq,uent visits1
to The 'hotel.
'No itips,'' replied the mai-ter, as
he cast his eyes over the empty.cafe.
'Three cent fares 'and 80 cent gas
I guess'' laeonically replied Mr. Op
A little inquiry and a little sig'ht
seeing in the cafes or other hotels in
New York city developed a similar
state of affairs to that in the cafe
at the Waldrof. Men .acc.ustomed to
lounging in these places for an hour
o so laite in the a:fternoon to gossip
and take a nip or two now line u~p
at the bars of the hotels.. If they
must have their beverages they take
Uhem standing over ,the bar and save
t*he tips to ..the waiters. No class of
men, i was said,;:is's~o qnick to re
trench at -these lig'htest indication of
bflaad times as those aceustomed to
An Oriental war would relieve Har
riman from the danger of proseeution,
a the Harriman Lines would 'haul
the men and the supplies aeross the'
NO ELECTION IN MARION.
Official Notice Given by County Sup
ervisor, Which Means a Year
Official nQtice has been filed by the
county supervisor of Marion county
that there will be no dispensary elec
tion in that county this year on ac
count of laek of a sufficient number
of names. This means that Marion
will remain prohibition for this year
at least as the law forbids the circula
tion of another petition after one has
been passed upon. Notice of this ac
tion was given in The State a few
Jays ago but the official notice issued
ay -the county supervisor may be of
interest. It is a s follows:
'To the people of Marion county:
''On April 30, 1907, there was fil
ed with me a petition requesting me
to jrder an eleetion on the dispensary
juestion under the terms of the Car
ey-Cothrain aet. 'This petition is
signed by 1,032 citizens of the county,
purporting to be qualified electors.
The chairman -of the board of regis
tration has issued a certificate which
s on file in 'my office stating that there
ire now 5,163 registered electors in
the .county. Aside from other possible
objections which might be raised to
the petition, in my judgment, the cer
tificate of the chairman of the board
>f registration is binding upon me:
and, as under the official doeunients
)efore me, the petition has fallen
short of the requisite number of elec
tors, to wit, one-fourth, I am. compell
ed to decline to order an eleetion on
the pefition filed.
''W. B. R. Gasque,
Dots From O'weall.
0 'Neall, July 15.-T1he snauner ses
sion of O'Neal school opene&the frtr
day of July with Prof. L., A. Sease
The !ot weather of July is very
,disagrcnble to the people.
The rmps in this section are '..ok
ing fi e at this writing.
A large eongregation attended tlie
omv.rnion service at Mt. Olivet
chur-h the first Sunday held by the
pastLr Rev. J. C. Wessinger. .
Messrs. Olin Shealy, Pat Wise, Cz
ar Wessing er and Luther Derrick
went to Newberry Friday.
Prof. L. A. Sease has just returned
from tlemson on business.
Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Derrick spent
last Wednesday night with their son
Mr. J. .S. Derrick in Newberry.
Messrs. Backman Derrick and Hen
ry Wessinger went to Newberry last'
Mr. and M~rs. T. L. Shealy spent
Friday with Rev. J. C. Wessinger and
family at Little Mountain..
Mrs. Catt's Norwegian Maid.
The news that Norway has followed
iland in granting Parliamentary
suffrage to women reeall's 'Mrs. Car
rie Chapman Catt 's amusing adven
tre with her Norwegian 'maid. The
women of Norway have had munici
pal suffrage for some years. Several4
years ago, when .the women of New
York were trying to obtain the same
right. Mirs. Catt engaged a new maid,1
Norwegian. 'The girl was surprised .4
at the large amount of mail received
every day by her mistress, and asked
Mrs. Catt 's stenographer wha.t it
meant. The stenographer explained1
that Mrs. C.at't was an officer in an or
ranization which was working to get
women the right to vote at municipal
lections. The daughter of Norway .
looked first surprised, and then scorn-1
ful. "'The right .to. vote?"' she said,
'Wihy, in Norway we have that al
ready. I thought they said America.1
was the freest country in the world
for women!'' She drew :'herself- up
roudly and looked down upon Vhe
ittle stenographer; \vho'for the .monW
ent found nothing to answer.
Cardinal Merry del Val has bought i
an automobile and is having the timet
if his life learning how 'to run the
thing. As one of his great and good i
Friends, we would suggest that he at- 1:
rach Father George A. Kraft, of e
Earleston, to his entourage, at least, ,
Ltil after he has mastered the ways 1,
i m ac.hie-.Nws and Courier. .i
FARM LABOR LA
IN SUPREME COURT
APPEAL TAKEN IN THE ALLEG
ED PEONAGE CASES.
The Papers Filed-The Present Situa
tion is Said to be One of Demo
ralization All Over the State.
Charleston, July 11.-,The decision
f Judge Brawley declaring to be in
valid the act of the legislature making
the breaeh of 'a arm labor contract a
misdemeanor is to be submitted to
the supreme court of the UniteJ
States for a ruling.
-n the office of .the district court to
ay t&e neeessary papers were filed
,ppeain frem Judge Brawley's de
aimion and taking the case to the
highest tribunal. The papers were
fi'led by Attorneys William Henry
Parker and W. St. Julien Jervey, act
Ing for Attorney General. Lyon, with
whom they were associated in the re
eent q1earing of the test case of Elijab
aud Emoch Drayton, in which the
ecu,rt rendered its decision and re
leased the negroes from custody.
A. lengtfhy bill of exceptions, pre
pared by the attorneys, 'is filed in
the case, setting forth the reasons for
the appetai. The court is held to have
rred in taking the position that the
imprisonment of he negroes on the
ehaingang for v-b ir eon
raot was a violatin: e f the t'.irteenth
ind fourteenfi arPndi'erL., of the
3onstitution of the Frited States. The
view of the court is obje' d to on
the purpose of the -act in question,
the bill of exceptions statinr! that ''it
.s respectfully submittid t>hat both
the purpose and compulsory service
in the payment of a debt, but, in the
Legitimate exercise of the-poliee pow
r of the state, to punisk crime in
repressing fraud in the, breah of a
ivi- contract, and ineidentally there
by to prevent -the commission of sueh
The court is held to have erred in
rindiig that "there is n essential
fistinotion between an act whicl 'nen
alizes -the !-Ih of *a contr1 ir
personal seaiif 'withrmt -'icent
'xcuse to be adju..,' '-* t'e court'
and 'the act in que- a here which
penalizes such breach made 'wilfully
3.d without cause,' that is, fradulent
l.'' It is poin,ted out that ,there is
'an essential difference in 'the eye
af the law between fraud in the mak
inor procaring of a contract for per
sonal service. and fraud in .the failare
to perform, the same.
''The essence of lhle South Caro
[na, statute.'' it is declared, ''is the
epiessie. "if the frandulent spractice
>f breaking con'tracts of a personal
service of the kind indicated, that is,
by laborers on farm lands 'wilfully
mnd wit'hou't just cause' and incident
rly only to induce the performance
>f stipulated service in liquida?tion of
he debt whichi wias 'the consideration
~or the promse.''
The eonrt is fart'her held to have
~rred in :holding that tihe breach of a
ontract of personal service, even if
ishonest and franidulent, can not be
crime under the constitut-ion of the
nited States and ean not be paliz
d as suc'h by any state in this Vinion.
Error in judgment is~lso hiigin
e construction of the eot3t tha e
hirteenth amendmet $d he eon#i
ution not only provides 'thstg .re
~hall be ''neither slavery nor iiclnvi
ary servitude exeept as"* punishpt
or crime, whereof the party4 shall
rave been- duly'convietedw?' b'ut 'also
hat there shall not be ''involuntary
ervitude'' even for crime, if the
rime arise fr.om tl e breach.of a .cou
ract 'of personal 'service.
In concluding, the bill of exceppiopng
tates that -the 'court'''filed to 'dis;-in
uisl1 betweeni, ermipia~ iegislation di
-eeted' to tihe erfd of seb1i-ing' di
nent of debt and like legislation for
he inrpose; o'f #reventinig fraud1 nd
nidentalily inducing the laborer not
o commit fraud."
The case is' a very ihterstLing and
mportant one and its% consideration
v *t'e supreme eourt will be follow
d with mueh eoneern. The ddeisiin of
udge Brawley declarin the 4tate
ny uneonstit'utional caused muech de
acaizton of labor condi'tone og ac
tnt of the peculiar relations of Is
much of the farm labor to the far- jt
mer and much pressure has beeni 2
brought to beer upon the attorney h
general's office to press the case fur- If
ther and if possible secure a favor- ei
able decision to sustain the farm lab- P
or law. t)
Farmer a Union Bureau o ei
-Condueted by the- P
South Carolina Farmers' Eduea- r
tional and Co-Operation Union.
W@Communications intended for this f,
department should be addressed to J. C f,
Stribling, Pendleton, S. C. e
Don't forget that all farmers wheth- 1(
er members of the Farmers' Union or 1
not have a -special invitation to the r
Greenwood meeting 25-26-27 of July. 1
Something Doing in South Carolina. c,
The highest move in the interest C
of the S. C. Farmers even known is tl
now on. The Farmers Union, Cotton si
Association and the Clemson Agri- o
cultural College Institute Car, are all a
out; each waging a separate campaign a:
of their own. Each set of speakers are v
vieing with each other trying to do e,
for the farmer the very important -,
things that the farmer has in a gen- h.
eral way failed to do for himself. s,
If we- are not mistaken in the signs h
of the times-that old saw about the ti
"downtrodden farmer" will be blown a:
off -the face of the land in S. C. The f
trend of all these movemen.ts in .the p
interest of the farmers is elevating, h
onward and upward -to a higher plane. q
The less informed are being brought el
up towards the top, and no one need si
go lower but all interests move up- a
ward with the farmer. .
We.-vill be delighted to hear of all si
the farmers going out to these very ci
instrtive- meetings. No ehanee -to W
lose anything, by going out to these b
Can farmers set prices on kheir own w
rops? Yes, -they can. If farmers do o
not set prices. on their own erops some b
other folks do it for them, why not
farmers do it? si
I.t 's time for a change. Farmers R
'take care of your own business -and _
let the other fellow do the quarreling C
sweating' and* cussing awhile.
The whol'e trend of the educational tj
feaf,ure of the Farmers' Union isa
leading Southern Farmers to- a per- ti
manent higher level of proseprity and ,
Southern farmers -that farm right w
and raise their own food crops can E
afford to eat and live off his own pro- e
duts while he holds his cotton and o
waits for profitable prices, while the h
eotton bear is compelled to buy all s
that 'he eats and uses while he waits.
When this kind of game is on to a
finish, who will starve out first ?
Playing with a Two-Edged Sword.
Through the teaehing of farmers
organizations our farmers are learn
Iing fast, and we may state here tihat j
Isome of 'our farm papers, and others
too, are ilearning that the farmers are F
no longer going to stand for any pub
iation that is earrying large adver
Itisements of- questionable dealers or
fraudulent goods. Not long back our
government chemist showed up ?'one
Iof the most outrageous frauds being
perpetrated upon the American farm
er, is that of prepared stock foods:
common meal, bran, with a' little
heap sulphur, salt, epsum salts, pep- N
Iper, saltpeter and some loud smellhng
stuff, etc., added to change the tas'e,
and the mixture. hardly more valuable
than ordinary ship stuff) put up -in B
flaming, packages, advertised in, big B
illustrated ads in farm papers, and
sold to gullible farmers at from $250
to $2,250 a ton." And when' some tine:
ago the chief Southern contributor of0
one of the farm papers miost largely.
circulatd in- our territory, wrote air P
article givirfg' thi tfaith about this gi- ~
gantic swindle. and' sent it- to this ~
piper. The reply' came baeli: " The .
Stock Food Co. pays us $5,000
'i year for advertising, and we.should h
ioe it if we were to print your letter. e
Please don't insist.'' Now isn 't' this t
farm-paper in league with, and a part4 n~
ner with those that he must know are
swindling farmers out of some of their tc
hard earned money?1 And more, .these ti
farmers are catching up with these
farm papers that ar/e helping to rob
i he -Thi muzaHng the press. and
appressing information directly in
2e interest of fraud and against the
iWpVe proteetion of the farmer, will
ave to stop just so sooon as farmers
,arn what is going on. When farm
es quit patronizing and reading these
apers that are in partnership with
iose that are swindling farmers; then
iese papers will learn to their sor
)w that they are playing with a two
Iged sword, and when there is no far
ter to read these fraudulent ads, this
udas money will stop coming -to these
apers that divide their money with
Verily the farmer is a patient ass,
>r the world. He not only has to
.ed them all, but be swindled as well:
ren sometimes by his neighbor and
rother in toil. Just now, howeyer,
oms up an astonishing game of
Bunco" by Fertilizer Manufacturers
spectfully referring to Bulletin No.
26, issued by South Carolina Agri
3tural Experiment Station, Clems
ollege, S. C. According to t='zist
iere is seareely a fertil fatory
.lling in the state 6 has not one
r more brands below .the guaranteed
nalysis; over,ane third of the brands
nalyzed proved defielent in some one
aluable element of plant food claim
I by the manufacturer. Even with
Worable lawyers to mmke favorable
iws for manipulation they are not
itisfied but still adulterat.e their
rands below the minimum guaran
on the sack, of course these men
re estimable gentlemen, sit st 'th4
-ont in church, properly robed, sup
rt the cause, send .the gospel to the
eathen, but somehow they have. no
aalms towards plundering the pock
ts of our ignorant farmers even by
rbterfuge and fraud. Verilythis s
day of strange staIrds. Trne tho
trmer has a remedy but then he is
ich a, patient, docile aes they have ;
ased to fear his kick. Sontimes.
e hear his sympathy-seardhng b
t the sound thereof disturbs.o his
Laster, for he knows that he .il'
eariY bear his- burden on, ignorait
how or when he became aservile
Again will somebody reveal the,
ory- of how, Ground Phosphate
ock, was pushed ok the market, viz.
-"floats.'' It was once available at
harleston and was known . to be
-orth twice as much to, the fari as
ie faetory trea-ted Acid Ph6sphate
nid cost but half as much. Whio
m~ght the farmer that for quick res
1ts ,Jie should use the high priced r
metry produet and burn his lands
ith Salplurie Acid treated rock.
ak of 'this.is a story of much inter
t to the farmers .of the south. And
fmuch interest to men who want
onest fair 'business. Let us have the
:ory somebody.-.W. C. Moore.
chedule of 1 armers' Union Bally
*Meetgngs Arranged by State
-reenwood, S. C. .... .... July 25
aurens, S. C... ... .. July 30
ewerry, S. C.,....... .. July 31
exington, *S. C.,.. .......Aug. 1
dgefield, S. C.,...... .. ..Aug. 3.
aion, S.C.,.... .......Aug. 5
partanburg, S. C., ... ...Aug. 6
herokee, S. C.,.. .......Aug. T
ork, S. C........ .Ang.8
hester, S. C..... .'.....-.Aug.9
hesterfield, S. C..... .. ..Aug. 10
:ershaw, S. C., .... .....Aug. 13
umter, S. 'C... .. ......Aug. 14~
ee, S. C., .. .... ......Aug. 15
[aron, S. C.. .. ..... Aug. 16
[arlboro, S. C... .... ..Aug. 17
alda, S. C... ...... ..Aug. 20
rangeburg, S. C.'.... .... Ag 22
amberg, -S. C... .... ...Aug. 23
arnwell, S. C..... .. ...Aug, 24
reenville, S. C., .;........ Aug. 13
ickens, S. C..... ......Aug. 14
conee, S. C.'.... .....Aug. 15
These datesare. subjeet 'to change.
'ovide4 the Executive'Commnittee is
uld lie glad to correspond with any
rmer in any .of the coipties naineJ?
regard tpo place best' suited for
1dig these.mieetings, anid any oth
K ratter'looking .to the success if
e meet;ings. ,The speakers - will be.
med. later. Any correspondence. in.
fence to above should b?e addressed
W. L. Anderson, Secretary, Exequ
re Committee, Ninety Six, S. C..
J. B. Pickett.,
W. L. Anderson,
i..A Secty., Ex. Corn.