Newspaper Page Text
NEWBERRY, S. C., FRIDAYI JULY 19. 1907
'VOL XLIV -
ULLSH OF AUTHORITY
If, NORTH CAROLINA.
TIGHT ON BETWEEN THE STATE r
AND FEDERAL COURTS. I
Beid-4 Tha Judge Long Will De- J
;ro of Habeas Corpus for f
Release of Agent Green- s
Another Indictment. c
Raleigh, N. C,. July 17.-After a
day of argument by counsel for -T. E.
Green, tieket agent, and the South
ern railway, pleading for a continu- (
ance of the criminal case against them
in the superior court here, presided
over by Judge B. F. Long, on the
charge of violating the state railroad
rate law, the court overruled all mo
tions and ordered the trial to proceed
General Counsel A. P. Thom of the
Southern railway is here from Wash- t
ington. Pleas for delay, so as to pre- t
pare the case, for want of jurisdic- t
tion, for unconstitutionality of the t
law and for quashing the indict- 0
mens. were Iade. Judge Long over- e
-ruled all of the motions and directed i
that a plea of "not guilty" be enter- t
After argument this morning the c
court took a recess till 12 o'clock. t
Twenty mniutes before this time 2
Judge Long convened court again and r
ordered Mr. Green, who had been in
jail all night, taken from the custody f
of the sheriff and held in the custody e
of the court. It will now be necessary c
that any writ issued for Green shall N
be directed against Judge Long, pre- t
siding in the superior court, rand in ef- t
fect the writ would be to dispossess o
a state court of anthority in a crimi- I
nal proceeding. That Judge Long
will decline to surrender Greep in
obedience to a writ of habeas corpus c
from a federal judge is generally be
A telegramfrom Asheville says that t
Judge Pritchard is on the way to -1
Raleigh, having mailed the writ on
an earlier train.
Anindictmen4for violating the state
11w was this afternoon found against
General Passenger Agent Tayloe of
the Southern Railway company.
[ ,AILROAD AGENT
BEHIND THE BARS.
Raleigh, July 16.--Indicted by the
grand jury and brought into court by
a capias instanter- Thomas E. Green, ,
eity ticket agent of the Southern rail
way, charged with selling railway tiek..
ets at a rate greater than tFvo and a
quarter cents as preseri'bed by law,a
was today, in Wake county supreme:
court, allowed bail in the sum of $100
for his appearance tomorrow.
Green declined to. give bail and was<
-put in the custody of the sheriff. He f
was Fnot taken to the jail and in the
afternoon his attorneys appeared and
urged that as it was higher officials
who were responsible for the rates
that Green .be not imprisoned.
The State's attorneys said ,that it
was easy for him to give bail. This
was not given, however, and tonight (
Green is in jail.
Though not stated in court, it is
Iknown that Green's attorneys arrang
ed to ask for a writ of habeas corpus
from a federal cou,rt, presumably be- i
fore expected that the writ will be
served tomorro,w. It is understood
that thestateecourt will resist this step
on the ground that there is no juris- 1
diction in Judge Pritchard in Rich
mond, and it is the feredal court.
The grand jury today brought in an- 1
other indictment against Green, which
includes the Southern railway. In-1
dictments for selling at unlawful rates
were also brought in against Southern
Railway Agents M. E. Powell at Au-i
burn and P. A. Creech at Cary. 1
Will Resist the Writ.
Asheville, N. C., July 16..--Follow
ing the arrest here yesterday of J. H.
Wood. district passenger agent of the
Southern, and R. R. Graham. on the
charge of having violated the new rate
law by charging more than the two
ad a quarter cents per mile as pro
vided. and the arraignment in police
court this morning, wvhen the eases
were continued. Judge Pritehard, in
the Uited States '-ire.uit court, 1ssu
ed wits of ha:beas corpus command
i the chief of police to produce the
risoner before him. Police Judge
evnolds communicated with Gov.
lenn. who instructed him to proceed
7ith the cases and have the solicitor
esist the release of the defendants
uder the writ of habeas corpus.
Gov. Glenn denounced the action of
udge Pritchard in taking the en
orcement of the criminal laws of the
tate out of the hands of state offi
ers. and declared that it was a
INCREASE TAXABLE VALUES.
kov. Hoke Smith Urges Enactment
of New Law-Central of Georgia
and Southern Railways Men
tioned in a Special Mes
Atlanta, Ga., July 17.-Gov. Hoke
bith, in a special message to the
,islature today. asks an enactment
o fix the value of corporate proper
y within the state as a basis for taxa
ion. He calls attention to the fact
hat when the valuation returned by
. taxpayer is not acceptable to the
omptroller. a plan of arbitration is
provided, but the arbitrators, under
lie present law, are not sworn and
ave not the power to administer the
ath to witnesses. , He calls attention
o the fact that the Central of Geor
ia and Southern railways have made
eturns on the valuation of their tan
ible property within the state, the
ormer at less than one-half the
mount which the company officials
eclared on oath in a judicial hearing
ras its value, and the latter at one
hird such mount. He urged that the
axation should be on such valuation
.s these other corporations are al
owed to ~maintain in a court of law.
he Southern railway. he declares. is
esisting a valuation of $26,000,000
n its property in Georgia, when an
,fficer of the road at a recent hear
n in the federal courts swore that
he property is worth not less than
48.150.000. The Southern returned
he property for taxatior at $14,S4,
123 in 1907.
TILLMAN IN AUGUSTA.
lays Prohibition in Georgia Will
Mean Blind Tigers.-People of
South Carolina Are Disgust
ed With County Dispen
The Augusta Chronicle of Wednes
Lay prints the following interview
vith Senator Tillman:
Hon. B. R. Tillman, United States
enator from South Carolina, was in
Lugusta yesterday. He is on his way
rest and again on a lecturing tour.
drs. Tillman is with him. Mr. Tiil
nan is looking very well-better than
or years. But he is the same old
Lemocratic Til:lman, plain of speech,
ree of manner, with'a sharp word and
'Senator,'' a reporter yked* him,
'what will he the 'effect 'of Georgia
>rohibition o.n South Carolina? Does
follow that Carolin& will put on
'4ou know whpt it means when
eorgia puts on state prohibition.
3ind tigers, my boy;.-blind tigers.''
'Will Carolina follow Georgia with
'Carolina is bent toward prohibi
ion of her own motion. Independent
y of Georgia action, the people are
lanning prohibition. They are dis
rosted with county local option and
he dispensary. Not because of the
rant of the dispensary plan. But the
:tate could not successfully watch one
>oard of control. Then thirty boards
f ontrol can not be watched. They
1ave scattered the stealing, and the
>eople are not gonig to stand for
ither centralized or scatered steal
ng. They are going to put on prohi
'The Dolliver ineidenkt. Senator.
hat was there in it?''
'Space rates of some of your
iewspaper fellow. I lectured in Jack
:on one night. The third night after
senator Dolliver lectured there. Some
,ay he ipped me up the back and
ieked out the jail as my proper habi
at- Others say he differed from me.
rml and respectful.ly. All my infor~
aton is from the newspapers. .;ince
e (late of Senator Dolliver 's speech
hv not seen him. Nor~ have I had
muf.annOf with him. ''
Edgefield is Talking of a Line in the
Western Part of the
The Augusta Chronicle of Wednes
'Th'e interview with Hon. M. C.
Butler, the work of the Edgefield, S.
C. News and the publicity in The
Chronicle, together with interests
that have co-operated with thesd in
cidents, have resulted, during the
last few days, in commanding intense
interest. especially' in Edgefield and
contiguous country, in the proposed
electric railway from Augusta,
through Edgefield, to Newberry. There
is reason to say, but no authority to
say. that the Augusta-Aiken Electric
railway will welcome the proposed
new line as a feeder and would will-'
ingly have the new road tap their line
on the way into Augusta.
"Edgefield, under the influence of
the continued and excellent statement
of facts in the Edgefield News,
stands ready to do her full share.
From almost every ma-n of influence
in the town there have been secured
expressions of favor for the enter
prise. Soon there will be a preli
minary meeting of some of the lead
ing men there to arrange a definite
plan of action.
"It is but frankness to say, how
ever, that at present the Edgefield
efforts and influence are- driected to
securing a northern outlet-that is,
a line to Newberry or to Greenwood.
The preliminary meeting is to the end
that a road north be secured, letting
'the southern extension take care of
itself until a later date. This Edge
field plan is the result probably of the
fear, as expressed in the Sunday
Chronielc, of Edgefield merchants
that closer transportation arrange
mentS with Augusta would work to
the benefit of Augusta at the expense
of the business houses of Edgefield.
"Augusta, of course, would wis
the southern end given first att -
tion. Concentrated action on the rt
of the business men here might,n
list the co-operation of the Augusta
Aiken people and put the new road
into this city at the same time that it
is tapping Greenwood or Ne rry.
The chamber 'of 'commerce might d
it to Augusta % advanage to look Ln
to the proposition in its pres
stae. The Chroniele:blieves t a Hon
'M. C. Butter or,W .. Calhoun, Esq.,
of EdgefieNE S. C., will meet the
chamber of .commerce, or, by letter,
put them in possession of the facts in'
connection with the proposed railway.
"Augusta, and Augusta ~business
men, have long since been taught the
benefit of the interstate electric rail
ways. They are business feeders of
Ithe greatest value, and developers of
merit. Advancement and enhance
ment have charaeterized every section
they have tapped and they carry pro
gress and prosperity with them wher
ever they extend.''
Taik on Missions.'
Mrs. J. W. Humfbert will give a
talk on missions at Ebenezer Sunday
morning, the 21st inst., at 11 o'clock
and at Lebanon at 4 o'clock in the
. - A. H. Best.
Letters remaining in the post office
at Newberry for the week ending
A-B. F. A4nderson..
C-John Cromer, R. A. Courtney,
Mrs. Em etia Caldwell.
D-C. A. Daniel. Simpson Douglas.
G-Marley Gailey, Pick Glodennoy,
Mrs. Etta Glymph.
H-Miss Mary Henderson, Miss
Lucy Lee Holmes, Will Henderson.
J-Miss Maggie Jenkins.
L-Miss Mary Lengs. Geo. W. Long.
M-Glario Mendosa. Doslia Marcus.
N-Miss Elie Nance, John Nesbitt.
0-Miss Susie Ouarles.
S-Willie Sanford. Mrs. Sarah
Salter. Mrs. Addie Semour. France
Smith, Mrs. Anna Schoo!, Miss Lucy
uide, Mack Suber.
W-Mrs. Eliza Warktom.
Persons calling for these will please
say that they were advertised.
WRITES OF ANCIENT CITY.
Senator Latimer Tells of Reception by
King-Visits Cotton Mill and
Travels on Apian Way.
Geneva, Switzerland, July 2, 1907.
Mr. Editor: In my last letter I stat
ed that we were leaving Palermo for
Naples. We took a boat from the for
mer place at 7.30 p. m., reaching
Naples the next morning, leaving Mr.
Bennet at Palermo to return along
the north side of the island of Sicilia
to Messina, and then to investigate
conditions in Calabria and Basilica.
On our arrival at Naples we gathered
our baggage and proceeded to Rome,
where an audience had been arranged
with the king and with the minister of
agriculture and commerce.
Our reception by the king was very
pleasant. He spoke English fluently,
and we found him well posted with
regard to conditions in the United
States. He had considerable know
ledge of the climatic conditions, as
well as of the crops grown in the dif
ferent sections of our country, and de
plored the fact that most of the Ital
ian immigrants to the United States
are settling in the cities instead of go
ing to the rural districts and engag
ing in agricultural pursuits. with
which they are familiar. He refer
red to the fact that the criminal clas
ses in Italy predominate in the ci
ties, as in the United States, adding
that the peasants made better citiz
ens for us than those who come from
The disposition of the king I found
to be that of a plain, unassuming man.
It was easy to see that he was averse
to pomp and glamour and the usual
trappings of royalty, and in his con
versation with us he evinced a deep
interest in the welfare of the com
moi people. It is customary when
aft aching the king during an aud
Pnce to make three bows; one on
entering the door, the other two while
drawing near him; but in our case
immediately after we had made our
bow on entering the door he came for
ward and shook hands. The conversa
tion went along in an easy and infor
mal manner for about an hour, touch
ing upon the comparative condition of
the peasants of this country and our
farming classes, as well as the pro
ducts of.the farm, the amount of land
eultivated and the remuneration of
the laboring man.*
After dur audience with the king
we visited the minister of agriculture
and commerce. It was necessary to
have the services of an interpreter, as
he knew no 'English. We found him
thoroughly.poted on agricultural mat
ters, and 'he agreed to furnish an
swers to a list of questions that we
left with him. Mr. Rossi, one of the
Italian commissioners of emigration,
was very courteous to us and gave us
a great deal of information, in regard
to the ;whole subject. We gathered
from these officials that Italy. is a
great deal more prosperous than it was
eight to ten years ago, and that the
people here are sharing somewhat in
the prosperous condition that pre
vails in the United States.
While in Rome we could not fail. to
observe on every hand the ruins of
the ancient city. There was abund
ant evidence of its early richness and
greatness-of the times when Rome
was mistress of the 'world-the mag
nificent Colliseum, the palaces of the
old emperors, the forum and the fa
mous Apian Way, the military road
built by the Romnans more than two
thousand, years ago. This road was
once lined~with beautiful palaces and
villas and tombs all the way from
Rome to Naples, but now there is
nothing but ruins all along the road.
This road, by the way, has been con*
tanty in use for upwards of 2,000
years and is in fine condition today
howing in spots the old Roman meth.
oo of paving, and fhe country ad
joining the road is now used only fox
farms and pasture lands.
While at Rome the commission held
a meeting and decided to divide the
territory, giving to Messrs. Bennel
nd Howell Greece, Turkey, Smyrna
A~ia Minor, Southwestern Russia and
te country thereabouts; to Mr. Bur
ett and myself Northern Italy
France. Switzerland. Germany, parn
of sa, wong back along thi
Northern European coast to Great
Britain; to Messrs. Dillingham and
Wheeler Austria. Hungary, part of
Ruia and other territory in that
Leaving Rome we went to Florence
and saw Consul Quay, a brother of
the late Senator Quay of Pennsyl
vania. In the interview with him we
found that very few emigrants had
zone to the United States from this
section of Italy. He stated that the
principal industries are the weaving
of straw for hats, baskets, etc., and
high-class mosaic work. In addition
to these, another important industry
is that of marble works of art. The
people are peaceable and industrious
and as a consequence are prosperous.
Leaving Florence we went to Ven
ice; but there was little for us to do
there, and after spending a day ind
night we proceeded to Milan. Milan
is the principal city in the northern
part of Italy, situated in the centre
of a rich agricultural and manufae
turing section. We spent nearly
three days at Milan, investigating
manufacturing and agricultural con
ditions, and the work was very inter
esting all the way through. We visit
ed a cotton mill, and as I think the
pecial report we made upon it will
he of interest to the people of South
Carolina, I will append a copy of it
to this letter. I will also write an
other letter in a few days covering the
result of our investigations into ag
ricultural conditions in Italy as af
From Milan we proceeded to Genoa,
'at which point we spent a day and
night, and from Genoa we went to
Marseilles, France. We spent two
days there, making in the meantime
a trip about 75 miles in the country to
look at some of the farms. On this
trip we went to St. Remy, ~a village
in the centre of what is probably the
greatest seed-growing section in. the
world; here the soil, climate, etc., all
combine to grow flowers and vege
tables of almost all kinds to the high
est state of perfection, and the seeds
arrow.n here are shipped to all parts
of the world. It is a very prosper
ous section, and there is naturally no
Leaving Marseilles on Monday
morning, we came to Geneva, by way
of Lyons and ap the beautiful valley
of the R%5ne river. We will remain
here for two or three days in order to
write out our reports, and then pro
eed northward. I will try to send
letters concerning our trip as often as
possble.A. C. Latimer.
The sub-committee, consisting .o
Senator Latimer and Representative
Burnett, accompanied by Mr. Dun
ning, the efficient United States consul
at Milan, paid a visit to a cotton mill
at Busto Arsisio, a town about 23
miles from Milan, on June 25. There
are several cotton millst at this and
adjoininig towns. and this is said to be
the cenitre of the cotton manufactur
in~ industry in Tialy. There are also
a number of silk and linen mills in
this vicinity, but we did not visit
any of them.
he mill visited was the Cottonifi
io. Venzaghi. Mr. Carlo Venzaghi,
n of the proprietor.,, showed us
through the plant and was very cour
teous. This firm has been operatin
a weave shed for some time, and is
now installing a spinning department.
The prodnet is cotton jeans and kin
dred. goods. Most of it is exported to
South America and Indiai. The pro
prietor said 6o had shipped some
rods to the United States, but had
or attempted to push this trade..
The milli employs about 800 opera
tives~ of whcmr 700, the proprietot
sai.. a're women and children. The
averae wae for the men was
stated to be shout $1 per day, and
that for the wvemen and children from
40 to 45 cents a day. The laws of the
ountry prohibit children under twel.
ye years of. ago tfrom working in the
mills those from 12 to 14 years are
allowed to work eidTt hours per day:
an those above 14 are allowed te
work full time as adults. The pro.
,rietiur said his mill runs about ter
ours a day. We saw a number ol
i ehildren in the mill who appeared t(
ie uder twelve years of aze. Mosi
f. them were at work, but we do noi
k1-.e whether' they were on the pay
rolls or were helping other members
of their families. The women and
ichildren were all barefooted while at
work in the mill, but wore wooden
saildals while going to and from their
work. With this exception they com
pared favoraibly, in general appear
ance and cleanliness, with the cotton
operatives in the Southern States.
The commissioners making this re
yort are not familliar with the cotton
mill operatives in New England.
The proprietor of this mill is build
ing a large dormitory for the use of
the girls and women without families.
On the first floor are the dining room,
kitchen. and recreation rooms. On
the upper floors are large Ibed rooms,
with 30 to 40 beds in each room, bath
.room, toilet rooms, etc. The build
ing is roomy and well arranged, and
wIl be very comfortable. The pro
prietors said they would furnish board
to the operatives, including meals,
beds, etc., for 40 centessim (8 cents)
per day. He said he did not expect
to make any profit out of the dormi
tory, the purpose benig to provide
comfortable and attractive quarters
for women at actual cost, in order to
make the mill attractive and secure
sufficient help. This 'dormitory plan'
impressed the commissioners very fav
orably, as it seems to us an admirable
arrangemen't for the girls in the mill.
The proprietors said they furnished
houses for operatives with families at
a rental of from 75 cents to $1 per
room per month.
The machinery in the mill is all of
English make, and appeared to the
commissioners to be of an antiquated
type. even that now being installed.
The spinning frames now being in
stalled are of the old type with long
travelling carriages. The looms are
heavy and cumbersome, and no opera
tive runs more than two looms. Prae
tically all the operatives are paid by
The mill is using eledtric current.
which is generated at a watAr power
plant on a river some distance away.
The proprietors stated that the cur
rent cost $25 per horse power per
annum for a twelve-hour run. There
is considerable activity in water pow
er development in this section, .and
the proprietor. of this mill said that
a number of others mills would soon
The mayor of the town stated that
there was practically no emigration
from this section, but that the demand
for labor was such that the town was
constantly drawing on the surround
ing country for additional labor of
various kinds. He thinks the mill
operatives here would be desirous as
operatives in the United States, but
that the mill management would
dobtless resist in every way any at- K
tempt to induce the emigrants to
WALKS OUT OF WINDOW
AND STEPS ITTO SPACE.
Young Geogre Watson Falls Eighteei
Feet While Asleep Without Ap
parent Serious Injury.
Beaufort, July 17.--At 11 o'cloek
last night George Watson, the 11.
year-old son of Rev. A. kB. Watson,
walked in his sleep out of an open -.
second story window on to a roof and
stepped off into' space. He fell 18
fet to the ground, but did not sus
tan any injuries that now appear ser
ios. He has not recovered from the
shok, but the only apparent injuries
are a cut under the chin and slight
abrasions of thie nose and ear.
Sam Washington, who lives in Gray
el To-wn, pleaded guilty yesterday
morning before the, mayor on two
charges which were made against him,
the one for storing and the other for
selling whistkey. Mayor Brown gave
Washington thirty days in each
case, or a fine of $60. The two war
rants upon which Washington was ar
rested were sworn out by Chief Bish
op and Policemau Adams. Washington
paid the fine.
The railroads of England and Ire
la:nd are of different gauge. Those of
'Ireland are 5 feet 3 inches. and Eng-.