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STATE FARMERS' UNION MBE T S
Organization Growing Rapidly-20,- a
000 Members-Resolutions a
The annual meeting of the South a
Carolina Farmers' Union was called
at Greenwood on1 Tiursdav mornini
by State Piresident 0. P. (oodwin, of
Laurens. President Goodwin, afterlp
rapping the meeting to order, an- b
nouinced that an address of welcome 1
to the delegates and other attending
farmers would be made by Mayor s
Kenneth Baker. Mayor Baker most b
cordially and happily welcomed the h
delegates to Greenwood and inter- a
spersed his remarks with timely sug- a
gestions and appropriate remarks,
which elicited much applause. Presi- a
dent Goodwin then introduced Hon. b
J. Beliton Watson, of Anderson. Mr.
Watson made a good, sound, practical:
talk on the workings of the Union s
while responding to the address of t
welcome by Mayor Baker. t
Twenty-one counties were represen- a
ted at the opening. Eight hundred de- e
legattes were in attendance and more c
were coming in. The organization s
claims a membership of 15,000 in a
South Carolina. At twenty minutes m
to 12 the meeting went into execu- a
tive session. The committee on cre- p
dentials was as follows: d
J. B. O'eall Holloway, of New- u
berry; S. J. Clark, Lexington; T. C. o
Anderson. Greenwood; F. H. Foster,
Greenville, and L. A. Mahaffey, of b
National President C. S. Barrett, t]
of Atwater, Ga., addressed the meet-Idi
ing a-t 3 o'clock for period of two b
Among other things he said the Un- tj
ion was now more harmonious than I <
any old farmers' organization had u
ever been in the south before.' The fo
average growth of the union is now p
over .3,000 members a day. Some ir
days it reaches five or six thousand E
new members. The enrolled member- C
ship now is over one and a half mil- i1
lion. None of the state organizations h1
ha-? any debts and there is more or T
les., money in the treasury of every N
state organization. The national o
treasurer has considerable money to o
his credit. i1
One of the most important things d
in connection with this Farmers' Un- o
ion is the talk now curreiit that the 1r
*organization is affiliated with the i
American Federation of La.bor. Much ,ei
has been said about this matter of s
affiliation with the general federation i bi
and the attitude of many good and I.
eonservative men on the outside has! li
been undecided toward the organiza-, e
tion, pending a statement of its posi- h
tion. President Barrett was asked o:
this question: "Is the Farmers' Edu- el
eational and Co-operative Union affi
liated with the American Federation ti
of Labor '' The answer was "no' al
anid in his address to the meeting tI
here he cautioned the members to "go a,
slow about affiliating with any organ- f<
ization.'' He further said: "Why ti
should we affiliate when the Farmers' ft
~UTnion is now strong enough and pow- el
erful enough to accomplish anything p:
that it wan'ts to that is just and f(
HISTORY OF,\THE UNION.
Organization Ras Had Marvellous
Growth Since 1903.
Anderson. July 25.--The Farmers, ~
Co-operative and Educational Union. -
or the Farmers' Union, as it is called
for short is worthy of a short story
of that order in this state. 10
The union is only four years old
and was organized in Texas in 1903, A
and its growth has been' marvellous.
It has attempted to profit by t.he
mistakes of the Alliance and other A
farmers' organizations. and to build
on a better foundation. The mud sill A
of the organization is co-operation in
buying and selling, and among its
tenets is mutual help to members of
the Union, to promote better methods
of farming and an improvement of c
The union is organized in 22 stat.es, A4
and the South Carolina branch was.
organized three years ago. Tt requires f
5,000 members to secure a state or- Ur
ganization. and the South Carolina
organization was only instituted last ti
year. Anderson county is the strong
hold of the union for this state-the
first union in South Carolina, being V
Septus Union No. 1, with T. T. Wake-.
field president. The union now claims
20,000 members in South Carolina, all
located above Columbia. They have no
organization in the low country.
The Farmers' Union is a secret or- a:
der, and usually holds monthly meet- b<
ings. The dues are nominal,- only 60
cents per year for all purposes. There N
ar the national union, state unions N
county unions and local unions. All N
matters of legislation of the order N
has to go through all these channels N
before it can be determined. and a N
1In aMition to) re..uliar officers. such. N
presi. ide. Ce president. etc., the
laliax a Iusiness agent. N
!d dhen there is a head blusiless N
-eint for the couity. The main work N
f the union in this section has been N
he marketinu of eottoni. A member of
ulniol, or. an outsider for that mat
er. puts his Ootton in the hands of
ie county business ,a:ent for sale.
'lie (iwner of tihe cotton makes his
rice lie is willing to take. When the
usiniess agent can' secure that price
e se,lls the cotton.
The unions have in this section a si
vstem of ware houses built by mem- i
ers of the unions, but the ware d<
ouses are not union property, but c
re organized corporations, each sep
rate, under the laws of the state. Re
ular rates of storage and insurance
re charged. and fee of 50 cents a
ale is also charged for sampling and
rading the cotton. These are the only a
barges made in the handling of the
taple. Several thousand bales of cot
>n were handled the past season in
his manner, and today the business
gent sold a lot of 58 bales for 13 1-2
ents. When a member places his
otton with the business agent for
ale he must abide the act of the
gent. and whether the cotton is in a
*are house or not, if he instructs the
gent to sell his cotton at a st:ated
rice. and the agen-t does so, he must
eliver the cotton at the time stated
nder penalty of expulsion from the
Thus far, the unions have not
ought a great deal in bulk. They
tate they only co-operate in buying
mist controlled goods, such as ferti- I
zers. Though in some cases they have
ought flour, etc., in large lots.
Partisan politics are forbidden by
ie constitution to be discussed in
>cal unions, but a leading union
iember said he. would always vote
)r the man representing his prin.ci
les. So while the union may not be
politics it is closely identified.
uring the past session of South
arolina legislature the Farmers Un- c
n. of this county, made an effort to
ave the lien law repealed but failed.
he unions disclaim any connection
-ith the lahor unions or any other
raanization whatever and claim to
perate independently. This was
npressed on the foinders of the or
er by the fact of the wreck of the ~
ree powerful Alliance. But if my
iemory is correct the National Un
>n last year adopted a resolution
idorsing the Union Printers in their
rike for eight hours. As the mem
ers of the Farmers' Union are most
r employers themselves this is?
kely to cause some awkward compli
itions should it be brought too close
ame. But the Union will steer clear
these matters when they come too
The great fight of the union now is
ie abolishment of cotton exchanges
rid cotton speculators. They believe
ie New York Cotton Exchange is
ainst their interest and are fighting
r its abolishment. In this matter 8
1ev unite with the Western unions
r the abolishment of the grain ex- C
ianges. They elaim it is for the
roducer to say what he will take
r his produce and not the specula
>r, and the advance in the price of
tton the past season has greatly
renthened the union and the faith
its members. Cotton has brought
better price sold in round lots thang
Ware houses are being built at
any points in this section, and the
Rates from Newberry S. C., as fol
Season Ticket $19.55. Sold daily
pril 19th to November 30th.
60 Day ticket $16.30. Sold daily
pril 19th to November 30th.
15 day ticket $14.30. Sold daily
pril 19th to November 30th.
Coaeh Excursion $8.55. Sold each
uedy limit 10 days. Endorsed.
'Not good in parlor or sleeping
Through Pullman sleeping ears, via
tlatie Cost Line Railroad company.
Write for a beautiful illustrated
elder containing maps, descriptive
Later, list of Hotel, etc.
For reservations or any informa
T. C. White,
General Passenger Agt.
T. J. Craig,
Passenger Triaffie Manager,
Wilington, N. C.
Arrival and Departure of Trains.
Schedules of passenger trains in
ad out of the Union Station, New
rry, S. C.
o. 15 for Greenville .. .. 8.56 a. mn.
o. 12 for Columbia .... 10 32 a. mn.
'o. 19 for Greenville .. .. 1.35 p. in.
o. 18 for Columbia . .. . 1.50 p. mn.
o. 11 for Greenville . . .. 4.42 p. in.
o. 16 for Columbia .... 9.47 p. in.
C., N. & L. Trains.
o. 22 for Columbia .... 8.47 a. m.'
o. 52 for Greenville ..12 46 p. m.
o. ' for Columbia .... 3.10 p. m. 1
o. 21 for Laurens .... 7.25 p. m.
o. 84 for Columbia .... 8.30 p. m.
The foregoing schedules are given
Splendid location. Health resort. B
odern improvements. 24o boarding pu
ip, culture and social life. Conservator
Art and Elocution. Business College, I
Health record not surpassed Close y
!elopment of each ppuil. Uniform wor
HARGES VERY LOW.
26th Annual Session will begin on Sel
INTO OUR I
3etter fixed to
Aive us your ord
to the rest. Pri(
anufacturers of Door
ash, Doors, Blinds, Tu
rnamnental Wood Wor
looring, Ceiling, Sidi
e Building Material L
We want your inqui
rading and wo-rman
rices are right..
Kartsville Wood M
H A RTSVII
Coupons glJso R
Premium Dept., ANEI
AnI fir in f Ornla tiqll. 'I re 11I 2Liran
teanil aId are ubject to chael it
July 15. 1907.
G. L. Robinson,
ot water heat. Electric lights and other t
pils last year. High standard of scholar
y advantages in M'usic. Advance course C1
ible, and normal courses.
ersonal attention to the health and social
n on all public occasions jC
)tember r8th 1907 For catalogue address 01
M. RHODES, President.
Littleton, N. C.
serve our trade
gars and .
ers and we will
LLE, S. C.
and Window Screens,
rned and Scroll Work,
k Mantels, Mouldings,
ig, and everything in.
ries and orders. Our
sip is goodi, an;d our
.LE, S. C.L
UCAN TOBACCO CO.
St. Louis, No.
The Bank Of I
T his Bank was established to
ine. It will so care for your mo
are, and you can have it wheneve
in the financial family it will pro
need. It insures you the best sei
Make a deposit today. Ev r3
4 per cent on money in the Sav
eo. Y. Hunter, President.
J. F. Brow6e, Ce
[he People's NU
laid Up Capital - -
urplus and Individual Prc
or protection of depositoi
.C. MOSELEY, President. M. A
. W. WHEELER, Cashier. GEO.
Better a conservative interest oi
turn when wanted,,than a high rati
)out the principal.
A National Bank is a safe Deposit.
akes it so. Likewise our Board of
prudent conservative managemen1
G. W. Bowers.' W
J. A. C. Kibler. Jr
R. L. Luther. W
M. A. Carlisle. G(
J. H. Hunter. H
J. P. Bowe
Ve allow 4 per cent. per ar
~epartment, interest pays
At Factory Prices.
irite us at once for our special plan
Malone Music House
COLUMBIA, S. C.,
For Catalogues, Terms, Etc.J
Main Street, New
We submit the comparative figure:
id esteem on the part of a patroniz
June 14, 1906.
A GAIN OF OVER 100
We, too, pay 4 per cent. in our
J. D. DAVENPOR
E. R. H IPP, Vice F
M. L. SPEAR MAla
CEO. B. CROMER
THE NEWBERRY SA
pital $50,000 - -
No Matter How Small, N
The Newberry Sa
ill give 'it careful attenti'
pplies to the men and the'
, S. C.
issist ycu in building a for
iey that it is absolute W -
r you want it. An. ,!you
ie your good friend time
vice and convenietce.
r forturie has gr6wn from a
J. S. Wheeler, V. Pres.
- - $25,000 00
>fits $5,000 00
S. ,$25,000 00
i your deposit with its safe
and a feeling of doubt
Directors is a guarantee
io. B. Fellers.
num in our Savings
berry, S. C.
s as evidence of confidence
June 14, 1907.
> Matter How Large,
:>n. This message
J. E. NORWOOD,