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CLEMSON COMMADANT CHOSEN
Capt. J. C. Minus to Secceed Capt.
Clay-Capt. Minus is a Citadel
Man and a West Pointer.
News and Courier.
Washington. August 3.-Assurance
was given The News and Courier cor
respondent today at the war depart
ment that by the detailing of Capt
Josiah C. Minus. 16th in-fantry, as
professor of military science and
tactics at Clemson college, which has
just been done. all trouble at that
place over the "Clay" report is at
an end. and that everything hence
forth will be carried on there. so far
as the Government is concerned, as if
Capt. Clay had made no report.
As already stated in The News and,
'Courier. Capt. Clay. then detailed at
Clemson. became angry just before
the last commencement at the action
of some of the students, and wanted
the diplomas of the graduating class
withheld. This the faculty refused to
He then made a detailed report to
the war department recommending
that all guns and other equipment, the
property of the Government be called
in and that no military instructor be
sent :ere in his place after his de
tachment. That was just after com
Nothing further was done in the
matter until President Mell, G. Dun
can Bellinger, Alan Johnstone and W.
D. Evans, of the board of trustees.
came to Washington a few days ago,
and took up the matter with the war
department. They were assured that
everything would be made all right,
and the detailing of Capt. Minus
seems the last chapter concerning the
much talked of Clay report.
Capt. Minus is a Citadel graduate
and also a graduate of the West
Point Military Academy. He was
born in Texas, and was appointed
from South Carolina as second lieu
tenant in the 20th infantry, in Febru
ary, 1899. He has seen seven years'
service in the Philippines.
WILL NOT NBED TO CRANK.
A New Device of Fiuancial Value in
News and Courier.
Dr. Robert S. Cathcart, of this city,
has worked out an idea and perfected
a 'device which gives every promise of
proving not only a boon to automobil
ists, but of g'reat financial value as
well. He has devised a means of start
ing the engine of his car without the
- eacessity of cranking it.
Mr. Cathcart has been using an au
tomobile for about eight years, but it
was not until something like two
months ago that the idea which he
has now developed, and upon whieh
he has asked for a patent, came to
him. Like every other automobilists,w
he has wished time and time again
that he could be relievedeof having to
erank his machine every time he wish
ed to start it. Cranking a machine
is never very pleasant, and sometimes
it is both difficult and very disagree
able. It did not occur to him, how
ever, that the matter could be remed
ied until some six or eight weeks ago,
when, working upon his machine one
day, he chanen to notice that follow
ing the exting. .ishing of the sparker
the'fly wheel continued to revolve for
several seconds and then there was a
ree'oil. Dr. Cathcart came to the con
clusion that if he could only stop the
fly wheel precisely at the moment of
rest, and prevent the recoil, that he
would thus hold the piston on corn
pression, and that the main cylinder
would remain charged with gas.
Those uniniated~ unto the myster-'
ies of automobiles should understand
that the gasoline, used by most auto
mobilists for motive power. first pass
es into a earboretter, wvhere it is mix
ed with air and passes into the cylin
ders. The gasoline unmixed with air
would not burn. When the automo
bilist turins the crank that sets the
mixing process into the cargoretter
in motion, the electric sparker is then
called into action and ignites the mix
ture of gasoline and air. the piston be
gins to work up and down, the fly
wheel revolves, the whole machine
quivers and throbs like a restive
horse champing at his bit, and every-I
thing is ready for action. When the
electric sparker is turned off again
the fire dies away. the fly wheel con
tinues to revolve a few more times
throwing the force of its own momen
tumn, there is a slight recoil, the gas
passes out of the cylinders, and in or
der to start the machine it is neces
sary to go through the eranking pro
cess once again.
What Dr. Catheart 's invention
does is to prevent this gas, formed
through the mixing of gasoline and
air, from passing out of the cylin
ders. By preventing the slight recoil
the fly wheel referred to the cylin
r is kept on compression, the gas
nain1S in the cylinder and all that
n.,.5ary in order t" start the ma
whereupon11 the gas. alre:'ty in i- ':i
i , ii-nite!d and 11hin.g- be(!-in I
hum once more.
It is all very simple. In fact lt
very simplicity at first made Dr.
Catheart doubtful. He was afrait!
lest there might be some reason wh.,
it was mechanically inadvisable. he
cause it seemed more than passing
stranze that none of the mainifactur
ers of -asoline engines of all descrip
tions had not thought of it and adopt
ed it. But his doubts as to its value
have been dissipatedby the enthusiasm
evidenced by every machinist and ev
ery automobilist who has seen it. They
all pronounce it thoroughly practi
eable, and. of course. its desirability
and value, if it is practicable. are be
Dr. Catheart has asked for a patent
coverin the idea as it has been at
tempted to outline it aboNe. includin
any and all devices which may be con
trived to prevent the recoil of the fly
wheel following the extinguishing of
the sparker. Of course. it does not
matter how the recoil is prevented,
just so it is prevented. The method
adopted by Dr. Cathcart is in its sim
plicity thoroughly in keeping with the
original idea. He has had rachets
made all around the fly wheel and has
arrbnged a pawl so that while not in
terfering at all with the direction re
volution of the fly wheel, it prevents
the fly wheel from recoiling.
This invention of Dr. Catheart's, it
should be noted, is applicable not only
to automobiles, but to marine en
gines, moto boats, and in fact to any
stationary engine using internal com
bustion for the motive power. This
fact, of course, enhances greatly its
Of course, it will be necessary for
the cylinder of automobiles employing
this device to be thoroughly tight,
preventing all leakage, in order for
the device to be effective. But if a
cylinder isn't tight it ought to be,
anyway. The idea is, of course, ap
plicable to all makes of machine. Dr.
Catheart uses a Maxwell, and he has
been able to start his machine twelve
hours after having used it simply by
starting the electric sparker. the
cylinder having remained charged for
that length of time.
OLD PIANOS AND ORGANS
for which we will allow tLa highest
prices towards now Instruments. No
Club rates to offer, but we Fledge
better Instruments for 'lie s:a or
less meey. ! han those ait club vue
Write \Thhlo,es Music House, Ce'
lumbia. :4. C.. i'or speedi prices and
You will save money and get a
better roof by using
Slate colored-contains no tar
e asily laid-a roofing kit free.
Spark, water, gas, heat and cold
p roof. L.asts lon~g ad looks well.
Don't take an imitation.
Send for a free sample and book of bnHld
ing plans for a 2 .cent stamp. Investigate.
AMIPLF.~ ,,,,, .m,..U.
Botler of Imperial Ginger
Ale, Root Beer, Chain
pagne Cider, Wiseola and
Domestic Lager Beer in
pints, 10 dozen to the cask,
$8.50 per cask.
Write for complete price
list. Wholesale and retail
dealer in Wines and Li
isasoothing, healing balm containing
no drugs having a narcotic effect. It
qickly and soothes the congested
membranes and thoroughly heals and
cleanses. Valuable not only for
but relieves colds, throat troubles,
hay fever, "stopped-up" nose, etc.
We Guarantee Satisfaction.
Bu a 5 cent tube of NOSF,A from
W. (G. M:ayes & P rosperity D)rug Co.
andgetyourmoney back if not satisfied.
Sample tube ad Boklet by mail boc.
LOOK A T HESE
Canadian Oak Rocker.
This beautiful Cane Seat Rocker, made up of select Canadian ai
.dried Oak, is so -well guatranteed to us hat should you buy one and it
did not give entire satisfaiction we would replace it with a new one
any time within a year from date of shipment. Regular pr ce $3.50,
special price $2-50.
con shd,cerlasi on
54ichswie btonhl itched
aond egesratee length Tal3Fac%alo ap
prc ar$3.50 , special price$20.ac.....
Eah . . .. . . $48
PostOffce r EpresMneyOrdrnt Check Sque.
C la Coais-t. Exchnge,bes d qulty.Hev
5inhe ie bton sttheitlrl aler desgn i
aroun edes in~ ent ., Combiatin of Gren.Tn
yadsiWbauif trn.Reglr RedTF&c.Aft TA0t.
Graqd July Clearance Sale!
We have too many summer goods, and rath
er than carry them over we are going to make
the price on them RED HOT. This sale com
mences Friday 12th, and includes all colored
summer Dress Goods, Colored Parasols, La
dies' Slippers, Men's Straw Hats, Ladies' Hats
and Flowers, Summer Clothing, Men's Low
Quarter Shoes. We sell Domestic Sewing Ma
chines $25.00, New Defender Drop Head
Sewing Machine $17.93, Machine warranted
Just received our 32nd car, making 3,555
bbls. choice Tennessee Flour, and while it lasts
goes for best patent $5.35, half pat. $4.90.
Every barrel guaranteed to give satisfaction.
PROSPERITY, S. C.
i B oddus &R
HERALD & NEWS
Pens and Ink,
In fact anything you need along that line.
CIGARS AND TOBACCGO.
Don't forget to call on them.
They are also agents for Laurens Steam
WhIih we use are without exception the purest grade.*
We believe in PURITY.
We constantly preach PURITY.
We always practice PURITY when preparing medl
*PURITY counts, and counts for much, in medicines.U
*Ask your doctor.
*MAYES' DRUG STORE.0
VERY LOW RATES
NORFOLK AND RETURN
Account Jamestown Ter-Gentennial Exposition
. .. vJlA .. .
Season, Sixty Day and Fifteen Day Tickets on sale
daily, commencing April 19th, to and including No
vember 30th, 1907.
Very low rates will also be made for MILITARY and
BRASS BANDS in uniform attending the Exposition.
STOP OVERS will be allowed on Season, Sixty Day
and Fifteen Day Tickets, same as on Summer Tour
For full and complete information call on Ticket
Agents Southern Railway, or write
Charleston, S. C