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HISTORY OF PROHIBITION.
Since the Dawn of History Men Have
Tried to Stop Others Drink
Wine has been in use since the
dawn* of history. The early Chal
deans, Egyptians, Greeks and Romans
all had religious festivals in which
the wine played an important part.
The Bacchanalia, so called from the
wine god Bacehus, were first of the
nature of harvest festivals, but later
became riotous orgies.
Wine is first mentioned in the Holy
Bible in connection with Noah. From
then on to tlie end it is frequently
The Chinese claim the first crusade
against alcoholic liquors. One of their
emperors as early as the eleventh
century B. C.. ordered the use of wine
to be forbidden in the country. It is
said that the opium habit finally took
Early reforms are attributed to the
priests of India and Persia; and the
early Budhists taught total absti
The Holy Bible gives instances of
prohibition of the use of wine. The
priesthood were forbidden it when
on duty. Lev. X, 9. The Rechabites
were commanded by their father, Jo
nadab. to drink no wine, neither build
a house nor sow seed, nor plant vine
yards, nor have any; but to dwell in
tents and be strangers in the land.
Jer. XXXV, 2-19.
The early Greeks and Romans
seem to have had nothing in the na
ture of prohibition, but the Cartha
genians, along with their infant sacri
fices, forbade the use of wine to their
soldiers and civil makistrates, until
the Romans appeared on the scene.
Mohammed forbade the use of al
coholie drinks, and the use of pictor
ial, designs save those -purely geome
trical. He also allowed polygamy,
and spread his religion with the
sword. It is said, however, that Tur
key, the heart of Mohammedanism,
is by no means dry. Some of the
church fathers thundered against
the abuses of the drinks: but wine at
that time was used extensively for
. sacramental purposes.
King Edgar, of England. by a law
established near the middle of the
eleventh century, restricted the num
ber of taverns in London, and in 1285
taverns were required to close at cur
few. Parliament attempted in 1736
to restrict the use of gin by means of'
a prohibitory tax, which, however, on
ly brought about illicit trade.
In this country, since 1789, the na
tional government has placed- inter
nel revenue taxes and custom duties
upon liquors. Dating back as far as.
April, 1808, there have been temper
ance societies in the -United States.
The woman crusade led to' the foun
dation of the Woman's Confederated
Temperance Union in 1874. In 1868
a prohibition -party arose in Illinois
and a temperance party in Michigan,
which culminated in the National Pro
hibition party, organized in Chicago
in September, 1369, which has been
slowly gaining ground in various
parts of the country.
1i61e earliest state laws were those
in Connecticut, adopted in 1839, which
left the matter to local option. New
-York adopted similar laws in 1845,
Maine passed state prohibition laws
in 1846, Massachusetts, Rhode Island
and Vermont in 1852, and New Hamp
shire,. in 1855. After these Delew-are,
Indiana. Nebraska, Michigan, flli
nois, Iowva, North and South Dakota,
Kansas introduced, prohibition into
its constiation in 1880, and South
*Carolint adopteil the dispensary sys
tem in 1892.
Prohibition bills were defeated in
Texas, Oregon, Tennessee auid Penn
sylvania. After varied experiences
sall these state of the union which
adopted state prohibition repealed the
law, with the exception of Maine.
Kansas. North. Dakota and South
Carolina with the dispensary, the
greater number of them adopting mn
stead local option, so that at the be
ginning of this year there were 39
states operating under the local op
It is said that Kansas practically
has local option, no attempt being
made at concealment for over a dec
ade; though some claim that this is
true only in the larger cities. The
same condition is said to exist in the
other states having prohibition. It
was just this condition that led New
Hampshire to repeal prohibitory
laws and adopt lacol option in 1903;
The condition in Maine at the present
day is thus described by an ardent
uphoidie of prohibition: "'The Maine
law is enforced in many of the coun
ties, wherever, in fact, the people de
Towne-I wonder who originated
expression ''reckoned without his
Browne-I zuess it was some silly
Isummer hotel guest who tried to fi
gure out for himself what his hid was
going to be.-Philadelphia Press.
A TREASURE HOUSE.
Alaska Proving One of Our Most Val
San Francisco Chronicle.
At the outbreak of the Spanish war
the entire state of California was
alive with interest in the then newly
discovered gold fields in the Klon
dike and in Alaska, but serivee in the
Philippines seemed to have more at
traction for the adventurous elements
of our population and for a time we
virtually abandoned the development
and commerce of Alaska to our
neighbors on Puget Sound, who have
thrieved mightily on the business
which we gave over to them. Of
course. there are a great many Cali
fornians in Alaska and we have a
great' deal of trade with that terri
tory. but our commercial men have
not thus far fastened themselves on
that trade as they at one time gave
promise of doing.
There is no doubt that the trade of
Alaska is well worth fig)hting for.
The main body of the territory lies
between the parallels of 60 and 70
deress-the latitude of most of the
Scandinavian peninsula, Finland and
all Russia north of St. Petersburg.
The Alaskan peninsula and the coast
strip are south of the sixtieth parallel
-that is to say. south of St. Peters
burg and Christiania, in Norway, and
in the latitude of Scotland north of
Edinburgh. When it was purchased,
in 1S67, Alaska was thought valuable
only for its furs and fisheries, buit
the forests will be found to have val
ue, and while its agricultural develop
ment has hardly begun, there is no
reason to doubt that the territory is
capable of feeding a large .population
from that part of it which is culti
But the pride of the territory is in
its mineral wealth. Its gold we know
about. Its copper we have heard
about, but it is probable that it will
be an important producer of coal, tin
and in fact most of the commercial
minerals. We know as yet very lit
tle of the Alaskan minerals, although
ever since the discovery of gold on the
Klondike the government has, been
energetically prosecuting geologic
and -topographic surveys. This sea
son there are eleven scientific parties
in the territory, some of which will be
subdivided aicording to the necessi
ties of the work. It is not the busi
ness of the geological survey to hunt
for mines, but to locate the field in
which indivduals may prospect with
fair chances of success. The govern
ment is also carefully investigating
the volumes of water available during
the short season for mining opera
tions and loceting the timber. In spite
of the rigor of the climate away from
the toast, it is certain that all im
portant mjining' distiets will be con
neted by railroads upon whioh im
portant cities will grow up. The po
puation - is growing and becoming
permanent, and it is nat at all unlike
ly tha.t within a quarter of a century
Alaska will be admitted as a state of
the Union with a substantial repres
entation. to complete its prosperity is
the discovery of an abundance of good
coal. There is coal in the Yukon dis
trict and in the southeast, and last
year the government began systema&
tie search for coal beds, which will be
continued until we know all about it.
Abundant coal means profitable rail
roading and the reduction of ores with
whih the territory abounds. We
heartily commend, Alaska as a fieldd
well worth better study and exploita-a
tion than it has rec.ently received..
from the merchants of this city.
''Does he understand golf lan
''Naw; the only cuss word' he um
derstands is 'fudge.' ''-Houston
OLD PIANOS AND ORGANS
for which we will allow the highest
prices towards now Instruments. No
Club rates to offer, but we Pledge
better Instruments for the same or
less mon:ey, thtan these at club rate
Write Malonjes Music House, Co
lumbia, S. C.. for special prices andl
Bottler of Imperial Ginger
Ale, Root Beer, Cham
pagne Cider, Wiseola and
Domestic ~Lager Beer in
pints, 10 dozen to the cask,
$8.50 per cask.
Write for complete price
list. Wholesale and retail
dealer in Wines and Li
LOOK AT1 THESE
Canaian ak Rcker
Sid Ga,i wl uaranteed Oatoar T us. :haashul ycbuyone Landi
ither round or square. This Table iS nth33ine,exedt
qually as good material as the Oa3k ebs ea ok 4ic
ocker above. Regular price 22 inch' oehd,cerisolfut
No 2 Sun burner and chimney.
~3.5O, special price $2 5o. Each. . . . . ..35
liceCurain.~Whte.Improved quality. He avy
Beauifu Notingam lce urtans'weight, hard woven; Medallion,
54 icheswid, buton olestithedFloral and all-over designs. in
aroud edes. xtrme lngth334Combinations of Green, Tan,
yard, i beutifl pttens. eguar.Red, &c. 9 ft. x 2'ft.
prie er ai $.00 Secal fle~Each..........8
er pair $1-75.
f you order amounts to $10.00 or more. Remit with
Post Office or Express Money Order. Checks out of
olumbia cost 15c. Exchange, besides delay.
The Lion Furniture Co.,
1624-Main St, Columbia, Sb C.
WRITE FOR BEAUTIFUL CATAL9CUE.
Graqd JU Clearance aole!
We have too many summer goods, and rath
er than carry them o"er we are going to make
the price on them RED HOT. This sale com
mences Friday 12th, and includes all colored
summer Dress Goods, Colored Parasols, La
dies'Slippers, Men's Straw Hats, Ladies' Hats
and Flowers, Summer Clothing, Men's Low
Quarter Shoes. We sell Domestic Sewing Ma
chines $25.00, New Defender Drop Head
Sewing Machine $17.93, Machine warranted
Just received our 32nd car, making 3,555
bbls. choice Tennessee Flour, and while it lasts
goes for best patent $5.25, half pat. $4.80.
Every barrel guaranteed to give satisfaction.
PROSPERITY, S. C.
H ERALD & EWS
Pens and Ink,
In fact anything you need along that line.
CIGARS AND TOBACCO.
Don't forget to c:all on them. 2
They are also agents for6pharlotte Steam*
Which we use are without exception the purest grade,.
We believe in PURITY. '
We constantly preach PURITY.
We always practice PURITY when preparing medl
*PURITY counts, and counts for much, In medicines. S
*MAYES' DRUG STORE.*
VERY LOW RATES
..TO . /
. Accoun Atatwn Ter-Gentennia Epo1to
. . . .VIA . .
Season, Sixty Day and Fifteen Day Tickets on sale
daily, commencing April 19th, to and including No
vember 30th, 1907.
Very low rates will also be made for MILITARY and
BRASS BANDS in uniform attending the Exposition.
STOP OVERS -will be allowed on Season, Sixty Day
cand Fifteen Day Tickets, same as on Sumnmer Tour
For full and complete Information call on Ticket
Agents Southern Railway, or write
Crlston . rC