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LABOR SOLICITOR SUIT
AGAINST LANCASTER MILLS.
Verdict for $800 Given-Points of In
terest to Those Who Study Deci
sions in Cotton Mill
The supreme court, in affirming a
decision of the circuit court, has de
cided to award James H. Fields $800
for a ducking he received in a mill
reservoir in Lancaster, where he had
gone to solicit labor for a cotton mill
in Fairfield county. The case is a
most interesting one and a synopsis
of the case will be read with interest
by those interested in labor conditions
in the cotton mills. It follows:
On August 21, 1905, the plaintif,
James H. Fields, went from Winns
boro to Lancaster for the purpose of
hiring hands, then in the employ of
the Lancaster cotton mills, for the
Fairfield mils. The coming of outsid
ers on the mill property and inducing
hands to leave was a serious grievance
to the Lancaster mills and the super
intendent had instructed the over
seers to prevent it by warning such
persons not to come on the property
and if the warning was not heeded to
have them arrested by an officer.
The overseers went to the depot
and met Fields. After a friendly
greeting Fields walked with the sup
erintendent and overseers towards the
mill settlement, saying to them false
ly that he had ho idea of hiring hands
and had come over "the see his
girl."' When they reached the mill
property some of the party seized and
tied Fields and threw him into the
mill reservior and kept him there for
a minute or two.
The plaintiff sued the Lancaster
cotton' mills and Skipper, the sape.r
intendent, for $25,000 damages, alleg
ing the indignity to have been mali
ciously inflicted upon him in pur
suance of a preconcerted plan. Hel
received a verdict for $800 against
the Lancaster cotton mills alone.
Ground for Appeal.
The defendant in.ists the circuit
court was in error in refusing t$
grant a non-sut and subsequently re
fusing to order a new trial on the
ground that there was no evidence of
participation of the defendant in the
tort. It was alleged that the ducking
of the plaintiff was the result of his
having drawn a knife on one of the
overseers and all the overseers sup
ported Superintendent Skipper in his
statement that he had nothing to do
with the .assault. Skipper admitted
that sonme years before he had thrown
into the water, another man who had
troubled him in a similar way
had troubled him in a similar way
and th.at on this this occasion he stood
by and saw the plaintiff carried to
the reservoir, but <4id not think the
others intended to carry out the
threat. The court holds that the is
sues of participation by the superin
tendent and the motive of the assault
were for the decision of the jury. The
superintendent of a cotton mill is
usually he mill's representative,
with respect to hiring and managing
operatives and the evidence shows
that in this instance he was entrusted
with the control of its policy. The
Lancaster cotton mills, therefore, can
not escape the..liability for any action
taken by him with respect to the mat
ters it had placed under his control.
It makets no difference that the ac
tion was unlawful.
What Court Holds.
The supreme court holds that there
was no error in refusing the motion~
for a non-suit and for a new trial.
The verdict was in this form: "We
find for the plantiff $800 against the
Lancaster cotton mills for punitive
damages.'' The defendant contend
ed that this verdict was illegal be
cause its language 'excludes the idea
of actuial damages and that there can
be no recovery for punitive damages
without actual damages. Since this
exception was taken the point has
been settled contrary to the defend
ant's view by the ease.of Doster vs.
Telegraph company 77 S. C. 56. The
judgment of the court is affirmed and
the verdiet of $800 stands.
"I see by the paper,'' said Mrs.
Blinks at the breakfast table. "that a
delegation of women suff'agettes is
coming to this country.''"
Mr. Blinks said nothing.
"And they're going to invade
Washington and make a speech to the
president and all.''
Blinks still silent.
"I declare,'' snapped the lady.
"You're the most tantalizing amn ir'
existence. There you sit like a statue.
never saying a word to show that yor~
don't know what you're talking
SAYS BEST PEOPLE
STAY IN EUROPI
LATIMER FINDS WE DO NO'I
GET PICK OF POPULATION
Pleased with Regulations-Struck by
the Eforts Being Made to Pre
vent the Shipment of Un
'Special Cablegram to the New Yorl
London, Aug. 14.-Senator Latimex
of South Carolina, who arrived in
London this morning after several
months spent on the continent as a
member of the special immigration
commission, declares himself highly
pleased with what he has discovered
concerning the attitude of the various
countries toward emigration to the
United States and with the reception
accorded to the commission wherever
"Natrally I can not anticipate the
official report," said ' Mr. Latimer,
"but I may, say that I was particul
arly struck by the efforts being made
at evety port I visited to prevent the
shipment of undesirable persons. The
strict application of the entrance re
quirements, the fines imposed by the
treasury department and the cost of
repatriating rejected applicants have
served to g %d purpose. Wherever
emigrants are embarked for the Unit
ed States I find elaborate sanitary
precautions are taken. In Italy,
France, Belgium, Holland and Ger
many, the principal ports of all of
which countries I visited, I found the
arrangements almost as elaborate as
at Ellis Island for sorting over pros
pective emigrants. The countries I
visited are apparently discouraging
emigration. Italy is the only excep
tion to this rule. The result of this is
that we are getting more than our
share qf material from southern Eu
rope and not enough from the north.
"I found, as a rule, that the clas
s6s from whi'ch emigrants are drawn
are remarkably well iaformed on what
life in America is like. There was
scarcely one of all the persons I initer
viewed who did not have a friend or
relative already in the United States,
and thus know all about wages, living,
"What I saw, though, tended to
disprove the old ,tradition that only
the best and bravest cross the seas. I
found that the best men and women
were generally satisfied and prosper
ous under local conditions. These do
"The commission was at fii-st re
garded with considerable suspicion in
Germany, but as soon as our object
was known every courtesy was shown
to us. Accompanied by an official in
terpreter, I visited many emigrants'
homes, and learned, as far as possi
ble, their motives for going, their
expectations and plans. A few days
later I saw the same emigrants at
Hamberg ready to sail. I eould hard
ly lecognize them, they were so clean
and well dressed. A band was play
ing for them, and all were rejoic
ing at the prospect of the voyage.
"I do not think sufficient attention
has been paid in the United States to
regulating the destination of these
new citizens. We can hardly expect
ollanders to succeed as cotton grow
ers of southern Italians to prosepr in
the rigorous North. In Lombardy I
found peop4e ideally suited to my na
tive South Carolina. This suggests
that many present problems could be
solved if each state had a special com
missioner of immigration."
4. A. PINKERTON
DIES ON STEAMSHIP.
New York, Aug. 17.-Robert A.
Pinkerton, head of the detective
agency, died on board the steamship
Bremen on Aug. 12 at sea. He was en
route to Germany for 1.is health.
Plymouth, Eng., Aug. 17.-The
death of Robert A. Pinkerton was due
to fatty degeneration of the heart.
Mr. Pinkerton was ill for only two
days.. The body was taken to Ger
A Gallaway county farmer of au
inquiring mind asks the following
questions, says the Kansas City Star:
Why does the chicken drink exactly
opposite to the horse and cow, having
to hold its head up when it swallow
a drink of water? Then not the pig
eon, of .the same feathered :family, a~
it keeps its bill immersed while drink
ing. But a dog laps the water in it~
mouth. This animal, morever, necvel
chews its food, while the cat, his comn
pardLn household pet, always ehew
thoroughly before swallowing. How i
it that failing to masticate does no
hurt a dog while in all other animals
including man, unchewed food cause
dyspepsia? Why has a cow a cud anc
why en a :'orse shiver in its hide t
DR. JULIUS D. DREHER
IN FAR AWAY TAHITI.
Washington Cor. Columbia State.
Washington, Aug. 17.-Dr. Julius I
D. Dreher, from over in the Dutch
Fork, former president of Roanoke
college and brother of Supt. Dreher
of Columbia city schools, became in
terested about this time last year in C
one of these little affairs with which
Cupid is said to have to do. Dr.
Dreher got an appointment as consul
to Tahiti, one of the Society Islands. t
He had never heard of Tahiti until he
was told that Uncle Sam would give
him & job there. At first he was very
much indisposed to accept the place,
as much as he wanted a consularship,
because it was at such a far away
place at the end of the world; he be
gan to read some literature on the
subject and finally came to the con
clusion that Tahiti, after all, was a,
delightful place. With enthusiasm he
took his bride and set sail for his new
home. Before going, however, he sent
around to his friends a 'ot of little
announcement cards, inviting them all
to visit him and his bride in Tahiti.
Well now, "Consul Julius D. Dre
her of Tahiti" is interested in moth
er of pearl shells and he writes here
to the bureau of manufactures, which
issues a daily consular report, what
he thinks on this interesting subject.
Consul Dreher reports that the
price of mother-of-jearl shell remaias
low because buttons made of the .
darkedged variety produced in the j
Society Islands are not fashiDnable. m
Although the present price of shell 0
in Papeete, $400 to $500 per metric
ton, is less than one-half the price ta
which such shell commanded in Lon
don four years ago, the quantity now M
on that market is about 400 tons. The G.
low price of shell affects not only1
the prosperity of the Tuamotu Is
lands, but also the business of Tahiti M
and, to a less extent, of other is- b
lands. Owing to the continued de
pression of the shell industry the ex
port duty of $28.95 per metric ton lii
(2,204.6 pounds) was reduced in June,
1906, to $11.58 a ton. A duty of $7.- S!
72 a ton is also levied on all shell th
brought to Papeete for shipment b
abroad, this being the only port for ti
such shipment. Zach McGhee. fr
WHEREAS Sarah W. Calmes, as e
Guardian for James F. Calmes, John
Wise Calmes and F. N. Calmes, min
ors, has filed her Petition in this
Court asking to be allowed to account c
for her actings and doings as Guar
dian for said minors and that she be
discharged as such Guardian.
NOW THERFORE. notice is giv- l
en~ to the ereditors of said minors i
and all other persons interested that 12
a hearing on said petition will be had j
by the undersigned on Wednesday,
August 21st, 1907, at eleven o 'cjock
F. M. Schumpert, p1i
Probate Judge for Newvberry County. i
July 19th, 1907. o
JAMESTOWN BXPOSITION. ti:
Rates from Newberry S. C., as fol- an
Season Ticket $19.55. Sold daily is
April 19th to November 30th.
60 Day ticket $16.30. Sold daily ~2
April 19th to November 30th.
15 day ticket $14.30. Sold daily
Apil 19th to November 30th.
*Coaeh Excursion $8.55. Sold each
Tuesday; limit 10 days. Endorsed.
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is the cleanest and most up
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Wood Manuldcturiwg COW
. HARTSVILLE, ,S. C.
Manufacturers of Door and Window Screens,
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