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THE SENATORIAL RACE.
Return of Mr. Latimer May Bring
Out .Candidates-Opposition to
Immigration in South Car
olina May Become a
Factor in the Race.
News and Courier.
Columbia, Sept. 2.-The return of
Senator A. C. Latimer from Europe
may serve to open up the race for
the senate next year. At this -time
there are no entries at all.
The junior senator is expected to
land in New York on Thursday of
this week, and he is likely within a
few days to reach his home in Bel
t.,ni-which, by the way, is one of the
finest homes in the south. His wife
and daughter are with him. as well as
his friend. Editor A. M. Carpenter, of
The Anderson Daily Mail, who,
through Senator Latimer's influence,
was appointed on of the secretaries
of the congressional commission on
immigration, as a member of which
Mr. Latimer has been touring Eu-1
rope at Uncle Sam's expense for the
purpose of investigating the immigra
tion question. And this same immi
gration question may cut no small
figure in the campaign of 1908 for
the seat in the United States Senate
now occupied by Hon. A. C. Latimer.
Despite the leadership that South
Carolina has taken in the bringing of
immigrants to the south and the pros-.
peet that through the agitation of
this idea a permanent steamship line
may soon be established from a Eu
ropean port to Charleston; despite
the prospective commercial develop
ment of Charleston and the opportun
ity to seepre a desirable .class of set
tlers and laborers, there is a great
deal of opposition in South Carolina,
as in Georgia and other Southern
States, to tl-e introduction of for
eigners in any large numbers. This
opposition has manifested itself at
different times during the last four
years that the.matter has been dis
cused in South Carolina, and -at the
last session of the general assembly,
as at previous sessions since the es
tablishment of the department of im
migration, an effort was madA to
impede this movement by cutting off
the appropriation for .the depart
ment. This effort will be made
ag 'the session next January and
will come up during .the campaign of
next summer. The Farmers' Union
has taken the leadership in annonne
ing its opposition to immigration, and
the union has a legislative committee,
or lobby, delegated to look after .its
interests before the General. Assem
-Before he was appointed on the
congressional commi.ssion and before
he went to Europe the attitude of
Senator Latimer on'-the immigration
issue was not very well defined and it
was not understood that he has been
at any time an ardent advocate of
immigration. During his trip he has
kept the South Carolina papers sup
plied with more or less interesting
accounts of. his travels, and the tone
of .these lett.ers would seem to indi
cate that he is not any more fiendly
now to immigration than he used to
The Farmers' Union is very strong
in his section of the state and' parti
enlarly in his own county of Ander
son, where many of the leaders in
this movement are his former politi
cal and personal friends. It would
surprise no one, therefore, if the
-Senator on his return, or next year,
should come ont as an opponent of
the immigration movement. .
However, Senator Latimer has nev
er been considered an enemy of the
.cotton mills, which are so numerous
in his country, and the cotton mills
are heartily in favor of immigration.
They would like to see the state rep
resented in the' senate, no doubt, by a
st.atesman who holds similar vieys.
But, as already said, there is as
yet no entry for the race with Sena
tor Latimer. A number of more or
less prominent men have been "men
tioned,'' but none has come out to
avow himself a candidate. The most
nearly certain aspirant for the placeI
is the Hon. D. S. Henderson. of Aik
en, who made the race in 1902 against
Senator Latimer. He has not public
]y said so. but it is anderstood to be
his present intentiona to run again
next year. He wil not, however, have
the pleasure of defeating Mr. Lati
mier without assistance.
Gov. Ansel, ex-Gov. Heyward, J. C.
Hemphill the Hon. Joshep McCul
lough, Congressman Lever and one
or two others have been "mention
ed'' as candidates, but while any of
these gentlemen would doubtless ac
eept the office if it were offered to
him on a silver platter, it is not at all
certain that any one of them is anx
ious to enter the scramble therefor.
-Congressman Lever undoubtedly de
s..ir to seTatimer defeated, and
if the job require his attention he
might tackle it. but he s.ems assured
of another term in the lower housel
without opposition and is not likely
to surrender that for the uncertainty.
Gov. Ansel is also sure of another
term and his ambition is not as much
in the direction of the national con
gress as the bench; he would prob
ably prefer to be chief justice than to
be senator. Messrs. Heyward, Hemp
hill and McCullough have other things
to think about than politics.
In the race in 1902 there were, be
sides Latimer and Henderson, the fol- ]
lowing: Ex-Gov John Gary Evans,
whose political ambitions are un
quenched by successive defeats; the
Hon. John J. Hemphill, who has t
since disappeared from public life,
altogether: Col. William Elliott, who
is now engaged. under apl)ointment
from President Roosevelt. in tracing
the graves of the Confederate dead
in northern prisons and battlefields'
a work that is thoroughly congenial
and pleasant: the Hon. George John
stone. who might rejoin Evans and
Henderson in the effort to down La
timer if sufficiently induced.
"Cotton" Smith, alias "Cyclone"
Smith. alias E. D. Smith, is the mostL
popular and effective stump speaker
today in South Carolina and knows
as many people as the next politi
cian; he would wake things up if he I
would get into the running.
There is only one thing certain t
about the race for the United States;
senate next year-the man who beats;
Asbury ,0. Latimer, will get the job.
And Latimer is by no means the easi
est- proposition in South Carolina.
E'rmation of One Affected by French
The question of the use of airships !
is one which is very active in Europe t
at present, especially in France, Ger- t
nan and Italy. Upon the state of'
affairs in France an important piece
f news appeared not long since, and;
while it must be taken with some re
serve it is nevertheless worthy of K
mention. Although the military au
horities decline to give any informa
ion on the subject it has leaked out
hat the preparations for the nev
fleet or airships which is to be used
y the army are being carried for
ard with all possible diligence, and
here are no less than five airships to
e constructed of the same type as
he Patrie. These will be turned over
o the, government in March, 1908. It
ppears that three of. the new air
hips will be constructed by Messrs.
abaudy at their quarters at Moisson,
ear Paris, while the other two are
o be built at the government aeros
atie establishment at Chalais-Meud
m, near the city. It is the intention'
o provide a large fleet of airships in
he future, as the war department is
1ow quite convinced of their great
alue in military manoeuvres for var
ous purposes. Such airships will be
~onstructed in series of fives, and the
~bove programme relates to the first
ve of the fleet, exTlusive of the
bree Labaudy airships which are al
an emergency you may
s prepared to loan reasonable st
t legal rates. If you need mone
r for other purposes come to th<
ositors of course receive the pre
Interest Paid in Say
"The Bank for y
JNO. M. KINARD, Pres.
. Y. MorAL]
:eady built, including the Patri
While the general type will remai
;he same, the object is to make in
)rove.ments in detail in each of th
eries of five airships as they are cor
;tructed. As to the first five airship
)f the fleet they will be distribute
kuong the principal fortified post
n the centre and eastern frontier rf
ions. Among these will be the fort
)f Belfort, Verdun, Toul, Besaneo
nd the camp at Chalons. The wor
>f erecting the sheds which are t
iouse them has already commencei
or some time past the war depart
nent has been paying special atter
ion to the subject of training th
Lerostatic corps so that it will be abl
o handle the airships with certaint3
For this purpose one of the aii
hips is stationed permanently at th
lhalas-Meudon establishment ani
he drills are constantly being, carrie,
ut. It. appears that the new aeroE
atic corps is to be composed of n.
ess than forty-eight officers of th
nilitary engineer corps and ninety
wo regular army officers, who ar
hosen for their competence in aeni
iavigation work and their experiene
n mechanical engineering. Not lon
ince the airship Patrie made a serie
f flights from Meudon to Paris an,
eturn. with the object of drilling th
rews in actual flight, which is right
v estimated as one of the most im
ortant parts of the work. One o
hese. on the Sth of July, was th
ourth flight which the Patrie mad
uring the season. Starting at 7.5
'clock a. m., it made some evolution
bout the Chalais grounds, then start
d for Paris, mounted by Command
and Bouttiaux. Capt. Voyes and oth
r officers of the aeronautic corpx
tfter passing over the suburbs an4
ntering Paris it made several ei
uits above quarters at 9.10. The tota
[istance. thirty-four miles, was cover
d in 1 hour and 20 minutes at th
ate of twenty-five miles an hour, ani
his is a remarkable result, seein
hat the airship had to struggl
gainst a west wind blowing at a cor
iderable speed. Another flight wa
riade over the city on July 12, in
lading a wide circuit through the re
ion, lasting for nearly two hours. I
vas quite successful, and the sam
~peed was made. The landing can b
~arried out with ease, in spite of th
act that the station at Meudoni
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quite surrounded by woods, and the
imanoeuvre was made with great pre
cision, entirely by the use of the mov
e able steering planes. Capt. Voyes
and five others formed the crew.
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