Newspaper Page Text
Mr. B. F. Taylor, of Columbia, Thinks
that Hulls Shipped from West
ern Points are Responsible.
News and Courier.
Columbia, Sept. 2.-The report
published a few days ago from Wat
erloo, in Laurens county, that the
boll weevil had been noticed there has
aroused no little interest among cot
ton seed oil men. There have been
many various rumors of this before,
which have proved false, but it is
recognized that the story may at any
time become true, and it is well to
guard against the possibility of the
introduction of this pest.
* Mr. B. F. Taylor, of this city,
president of the Taylor Manufactur
ing Company, and secretary of the
South Carolina Cotton Seed Crush
ers Association, says that if the re
port concerning - the boll weevil
should prove true that the method of
introduction -into our state is not
hard to find. Ever since last May.
when the shortage in the cotton seed
hull supply in this state became ap
parent, brokers and deale-s have
been buying hulls from the West. It
is impossible to tell where these hulls
came from, as many of them were re
shiped from Atlanta. The oil mills
realized the danger and discussed thr
matter frequently, and finally decid
ed to refuse to buy any of the western
hulls. Mr. Taylor says that cotton
seed hulls offer an ideal method for
the hibernation of the boll weevil
and if these hulls are produced from
infected seed or in a territory infect
ed by the weevil, it is almost a cer
tainty that the hulls will have num
bers of them in them. The proper
step shoul be to quarantine against
any huls or agricultural product ship
ped from infected territory.
The department of agriculture
should look carefully after this and
especially after hull shipments. There
is a poor sale of hulls in Texas and
the process ruling in this state for
this product offers an unusual op
portunity for brokers, dealers and
manufacturers to ship the hulls from
infected territory into this state at a
handsome profit. The freight rates
from the west also encourage such1
Laurens is in the midst of the
greatest hull using section of our
state and prices are higher in that
section than anywhere else. At places
the hulls are selling at $15- perI
ton. It is no surprise, therefore,
that the .report about the boll weevil
should come, especially when the
dealers in hulls are not patriotic
enough to refuse the western ship
ments. Parties have been known to
go to the railroads asking for a re
duetibn in rates from the west, so
that they could get the hulls in a low
figure cost. At the urgent request of
the iOil' Mill Association the parties
referred to stopped their negotia
tions, bot shipments from west of
the Mississippi are positively known
to have come into the state.
-At the meeting of the South Car
olina Cotton Seed.Crushers' Associa
tion this summer Mr. Fitzsimmons,
the general manager of the Southern
Cotton Oil Company, advanced the
idea that cotton seed was now one of
the principal grain crops of the south.
For every bale of cotton made there
are produced 33 bushels of cotton.
seed, which, when manufactured,
produee the best known food for stock1
in the shape of meal, and an oil that
is one of the most generally used
foods in this country. The value of
the seed is about equal per bushel to
the prices paid in the grain produc
ing states for corn and oats.
He stated that if the same care
was taken of the cotton seed by the
producer as is taken of wheat and
corn that better products could be
made from them, which would com
mand a higher price and thus enable
the manufacturers to pay more for
~them. If the seed were sacked up at
the gin this object would be accom
plished, as the seed do not heat when
cared for and a great deal of dirt and
trash gotten from the places of stor
age and the railroad cars would be
The railroads of the country en
courage such a methc d of handling,
they charge the same rate per ton
fr sacked seed as they do by the
carload for the seed in bulk, thus en
abling a small shipper to deliver his
eed in sacks to the mills on the same
asis as carload shippers.
Another source of great damage to
seed is their getting wet or damp
when being hauled to market or by
eing exposed to rain in various
ways. No one would think of hand
ling wheat in such a way. The far
mers should be educated to handle
this valuable product of the cotton'
plant with more care and intelligence,
and refrain from selecting wet spe!1
in whir-h to haul to market.
C. C. Fearthstone, of Laurens,
How to Prevent Viola
Laurens, September 3.-The i
view with Mr. C. C. Feathersi
published in the News and Coi
some weeks ago, has caused r
discussion among the people of
community and the ideas adva
have not been fully comprehende
some instances. Acting upon t
suggestions the New and Oourier
respondent called upon Mr. F
erstone at his office and asked
he offer the people some definite
gestions as to the remedies he
poses. In this connection Mr. Ff
"Since giving you the inter
relating to the labor contract la
have received a great many mess
from farmers, in different sect:
assuring me that they think that
suggestions were along the right
but asking that I go somewhat
detail as to the remedy suggeste
my former interview.
"It will be remembered thi
sugested that the remedy was
punish the men who employ the
orers violating their contracts,
.:e men who induce laborers to
late their contracts, and thus f
laborers to remain in the employt
of those with whom they have
"If such a plan is praetical
legal it meets- the whole situati<
for the laborer must have emr
ment, and if he knows that he
not get it, after violating his
tract, the inducement for him to
late is gone.
"In the great majority of case4
borers are induced to violate I
contracts by direct or indirect pE
asion on the part. of others, or I
knowledge of the fact that they
have no difficulty, after leaving
man, to get employment with
other. If they were let alone c
they knew~ that they could not
employment elsewhere, the maj<
of them would stick.
"Punish the man who interferi
who employs them after the viola
and you strike at the root of the
"Our criminal statute already
vides punishment for the man
entices a laborer from the emp
ment of another, or who harbors.
after notice that he has violated
contract with another.
"The trouble is to prove thai
had notice of the first contract.
violator of the contract is not g
to notify him, and the man wh
mean enough to deprive his neigi
of 'the laborer i3 not apt to a<
"The difficulty, therefore, in
enforcement of this statute has
ways been the inability to prove
"How ca.n this difficulty be rex
ed i In my judgment it can be<
"Require all contraets bets
landlord and laborers to be in '3
ing. Then require all those
want to be protected to index t
contracts in the office of the cler:
court. Make the indexing of
contracts conclusive notice to
public, so that if A employs a
orer after B has indexed his cont
with said laborer and fails to rel
him upon demand then make A
ble both civilly and criminally.
"And not only make him liable
fix a minimum amount of dam
for which he is liable, say not
than $500. And on the criminal
of the court make the penalty a
vy one, and let it be imprisoni
and not a fine.
"One great trouble* about the
forcement -of most laws is that
can get off by the payment of a I
The average man cares lit-tle al
paying a fine. If the offenders
sent to the chain gang violation|
law would decrease, and that, tot
a rapid rate.
"The law that I have sugge
can be passed and, in my judgm
will stand the test of the courts.
"It may cost the landlords a 1
something to index their -contr
but the expense will be little com
ed with the good results to be de
OLD PIANOS AN~D ORGAN!
for which we will a'llow the hig
prices towards now Instruments.
Club rates to offer, but we Pli
better Instruments for 'the same
less money. !tha'n these at club
Write Malo'nes Music House.
lumbia, S. C.. f'or specia' prices
Cells k JL
Lt I -
"*~ Canadian Oak Rocker.
la- This beautiful Cane Seat Rocker, made up of select Canadian ai
heir dried Oak, is so ieil guaranteed to us that should you buy one and it
)Y a did not give entire satisfaction we would replace it with a new one
one any time within a year from date of shipment. Regular price $3-50,
an- special price $-50
aiov- Solid Guaranteed Oak Centre Table, FnyPro ap
loeEither round or square. This Table isLegh3 ncs,eenst
reen equally as good. material as the Oak55i.rchglfnshfay
rrit- Rocker above. Regular price 22 inch cn hd,cergasolfut
who $3.50, special price $2.50. 'N u unradciny
heir -_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
ease . 2- *
en n.,richt gold fsh,uare y
men Lae CrtiaWhte.ImroEh qualit. H..a.3-5
Beu ~ auiul Nottingham Lace Curtains - weight, hard woven; Medallion,
vere 54 inches wide,, button hole stitched Floral and all-over designs in
Sof around edges. Extreme length 334 Combinations of Green, Tan,
, tyards, in beautiful patterns. Regular Red, &c. 9 ft. x 12 ft.
price per pair $3.0o, special price Each .. .. .. . ...$4.85
er pair $1.75.
par- If you order amounts to $10.00 or more. Remit with
Post Office or Express Money Order. Checks out of
Columbia cost 15c. Exchange, besides delay.
The Lion FurnitureCo.,
c.1624 Main St., Columbia, S. C.
and WRITE FOR BEAUITIFUIL CATALOGUIE.
We have too many summer goods, and rath
er than carry them over we are going to make
the price on them RED HOT. This sale com
mences Friday 12th, and includes all colored.
summer Dress Goods, Colored Parasols, La
dies' Slippers, Men's Straw Hats, Ladies' Hats
and Flowers, Summer Clothing, Men's Low
Quarter Shoes. We sell Domestic Sewing Ma
chines $25.00, New Defender Drop Head
Sewing Machine $17.93. Machine warranted
Just received our 32nd car, making 3,555
bbis. choice Tennessee Flour, and while it lasts
goes for best patent $5.25, half pat. $4.80.
Every barrel guaranteed tq give satisfaction.
PROSPERITY, S. C.
h COMING SOON: +
The finest show of its kind that ever came to Newberry will
* be seen here for the first time on the 31st. It is a' show of *
Fine Razors, Knives and all Kinds of Cutlery,
and will eclipse any similar attraction ever before seen in this
section. It will contain so many novel and desirable articles
that we could not possibly give you even a hint of the array
in this space. All Carbo-Magnetic Razors will be sharpened g
free of charge by an expert from New York.
Remember the date, August 3 1st, at
*MAYES' DRUG STORE.'
VERY LOW RATES
. . .TO .. .
NORFOLK AND RETURN
Account Jamestown Ter-Centennial fposition
. . . VIA . . .
. SOUTHERN RAILWAY
Season, Sixty Day and Fifteen Day Tickets on sale
daily, commencing April 19th, to and including No-.
vember 30th, 1907.
Very low rates will also be made for MILITARY and
BRASS BANDS in uniform.attending the Exposition.
STOP OVERS will be allowed on Season, Sixty Day
and Fifteen Day Tickets, same as on Summer Tour
For full and complete information call on Ticket.
Agents Southern Railway, or write
R. W. Hunt
Charleston, S. C~
-Broad duj & Ruli
HERALD & NEWS
PenS and Ink,
In fact anything you need along that line.
CIGARS AND TOBACCO.
Don't forget to call on them.
They are also agents for Charlotte Steam