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TILLMAN (N TEE ISSUES.
Ihinks it Important to Combat Fei
eral Usurpation-State Rights
Must be Curbed With
out Federal Inter
New York, September 23.-A di
patch published in the Americs
from San Francisco says: Senati
Benjamin R. Tillman, after visitir
thirty states since the adjournmei
of Congress and meeting thousan<
of people, gives his observations
the vital questions of the hour at
the issues that will predominate
the coming campaign.
He does not discuss candidates, n<
politicians, because, he says, he doi
-not know anything about what thE
:are doing in the way of political con
1inations and tickets. He says:
"The one significant transactic
or fact that has come to the froi
dinee the adjournment of congre
flast 3arch is the apparent clash
tithretened clash between state an
mafional authority in the effort 1
contxdl corporations and railroads.
'Saeeretary Root; who has been coi
da*d the brain of the Administr.
tion, (and to a large degree its mouti
-piece.) whose intellectual grasp <
things is recognized by people wl
know him, declared in substance i
1is New Lork speech that the pe<
ple of this country would see to
that the reforms and protection di
-manded in - dealing with trusts an
railroads are granted, that the N
tional Government would be calle
-upon to act if the state did not moi
to correet the evils.
"Immediately there came stron
protests from high Republican .sou:
<es against the tendency to centralih
power in the Administration. Justic
Uarlan, of the supreme court, utte
ed a vigorous protest, and more r
cently Samuel McCall, of Massachi
setts, one of the big Republicans <
the House of Representatives, pr<
mounced against the Root doctrine.
Took Root at his Word.
"But the striking fact that follov
ed the statement by Root was thi
the legislatures in the middle wel
and some of the Southern states se
about doing just what Root said the
aunust do to preserve their own powei
:and authority intact.
-"Oehio, Indiana, Missouri, Nebra:
Tka, New York, Pennsylvania, Nort
Varolina and Alabama passed 2-er
Tare~bills and took other-prompt as
~tion ~in the direction of regulatin
echarges for freight and passenge
ttransportation. Governor Hugha
wtoyei the New York bill. The Pent
tsylvaniia Railroad, which owns Pent
sylvania, set ah.ut annulling the i
gent fare bill in that state. iCorpoi
sations of other states feel grateful.
"In North- Carolina and Alabame
Tow::ver, United States Circuit Judg
Pritchard and District Judge Jone
issued sweeping injunctions restrair
ing the state officials from enforcin
"The situation in Alabama is nc
as inteersting as in North Carolins
-Judge Pritchard went further in usum
pation of power than th:e Rooseve]
administration seemed willing to fo]
low him. This Judge undertook, b
.decree, to 'annual a statute of Nort
~Carolina by reqiring the railroad
-to attach a coupon to every ticket re
-presenting the difference between th
old and the new rate and which th
passenger was to hold tifl litigatio
dJetermined whether the law was valii
-when it would be redeemed if th
.courts sustained it.
"The constitutionality of the la'
-was not attacked. It could not be ai
facked except upon the plea of cot
Southern was Brought Under.
"Governor Glenn caused the arres
-of railroad officials, including Presii
~ent Finley, of the Southern, an
.Judge Pritchard's interference sE
-them free. But when Finley was al
-rested and the Governor disregarde
*he Federal court, the Southern rail
w-ay decided to obey the law and lit
-"While the matter was in the pul
Xie mind, the plutocratic press teen
28 with editorials and cartoons, a
intenided to direct the attention of th
people to the ghost of state right
which we were told was shot to deat
.in 1861 to 1865.
"The country was led to suppos
that North Carolina [and Govern<
SGlenn were attempting a revival <
the old antebellum doctrine. I
irath, these organs of Morgan, Harr
mnan, Rockefeller et al have attemp
-ed to mislead the people and bolste
up the Root idea of national autho:
ity upon absolutely false grounds.
"When Judges Pritchard at
Jones stand up and proclaim in thui
-sen toe; 'We are the Nation: v
Il- nIt dIe tr*,'y th pr0operQWIty Of thle rail1
roads,' they wave thleir arms franti
eally and the ghost of Calhoun is con
jured from under the bed, they bid
"People who have eyes and who
have examined this affair closely, saw
looking over these Judges' shoulders
s the grinning faces of the railroad
magnates and the Judges are mere
>r mannikins, obeying the orders of
z their former employers.
it People Won't be Bamboozled.
"The American people never will
d be bamboozled and deceived by fake
, appeals to the national spirit, invok
ed to protect the Harriman-Morgan
Rockefeller gang in their efforts to
compel producers of the country to
pay tribute to them and dividends on
y watered stock.
"The usurpations of power by the
Federal judiciary and the absolute
subserviency by many Federal Jud
Lt ges in the interests of the trusts and
the necessity for congressional action
in clearly defining and laying down
the jurisdiction and power of Feder
o al courts will attract more attention
than the great question of regulating
"Judicial usurpation and trust
abuses are correlative questions. The
two are interlocked and one hinges
o on the other, as President Roosevelt
reeently recognized when he made
the issue in 1904 and 1905 that the
railroad rate fixed by the commis
sion should go into effect immediate
d ly and stick there till reversed by the
e "Of course, we all know he surren
dered on this important point, and
that Aldrich came off victorious. This
g bit of legislative history turns the
I light on the striking fact that in
e North Carolina the attempt was made
e to do just what the president declar
ed all railroads ought to be compell
ed to do. But the Federal court but
ted in and said they could not do it,
but they did.
Root Idea a Vital Issue.
"The Root idea of centralization
will be the vital issue in the next
t Persidential campaign. The Root idea
t will be pressed by the Republicans
t and Roosevelt; the Democrats will,
y nat-u:rally and inevitably, take the
- other side.
''This nation must speak through
-congress and define the powers of Fed
h eral courts that are clutching states
t and everything else by the throats.
' The real and proper method of
ggovernment control and regulation of
r trusts i.s the other important question
s which must be determined in the next
'' Whenever our people give up lo
cal self-government we shall lose the~
substance of liberty and nothing but
the shadow will be left. When states
'are hampered by Federal interfer
eence, when the people are harassed
sand plundered by corporations, we~
must look ahead and steer away from
I.Autumn Eat Lore.
t Yesterday marked the exit of the
straw hat of 1907, an article of ap
y parel which, in view of the weather,
Shas had less opportunity to justify
its existence this year than usual.
-Wearers of the unfortunate and dis
e carded article are henceforth to be
e the victims of a public jest, which is
a perhaps as unreasonable as it is
l,j sometimes savage. There is no gen
e unine ground for casting aside the
straw hat, even in winter, if one's
y comfort does not require a warmer
-headeovering. In some countries, no
.- tably in England, the straw hat may
safely be worn all the year through.
True, the climate of Great Britain
,t is less several than that of this coun
-try, which makes a great difference.
d But there are men, even in this coun
t try, to whom a straw hat would be
-agreeable in the coldest weather.
d They dare not wear it, however, all
-because of the so-called ''guns'' and
-"''allings in'' to which the straw hat
is supposed to be subject on Septem
- ber 15. From now out the stiff-rim
t- med, close-fitting, baldness-provok
1 iing felt will rule the land. It may
e be in order to mention that many
3, women wear straw hats all the year
h round in this as well as other coun
tries. But men, for some reason,
e are denied the privilege.
f Love's Game.
n Though love, they say, will find the
t- The scheming lover's game.
r Is just to have her papa pay -
- The same.
d Doubtless prudent Georgians will
i- not negleet to stock up well on per
GENTRY BROS'. DOG
Will Show in the
Great Dog and Pony Show Will be
In Newberry on October 1st.
Gentry Brothers, whose name is
known the world over in connection
with their Famous Shows, more than t
made good their promise this morning
that the Grand street parade would I
completedly eelispse any similar page
ant seen here before. Thousands of .
people of all age, viewed the parade
along the line of M'arch, and were de
lighted and amazed at the gorgeous
and glittering free spectacle which
must have cost the enterprising man- 4
agement many thousands of dollars. 1
The gilded band wagons with their I
two magnificent military bands, the
gold chariots, the magnificent cages
filled with comical monkeys and oth- I
er animals, the beautiful and eute t
little Shetland ponies, over two hun
dred in number, with the gorgeous (
trappings, the herd of monster per
forming elephants caparisoned in the
gorgeous barbaric splendor of crim
son and gold, the beautiful trained
dogs marching and riding along and
plainly appreciating the applause
which greeted them, the funny
clown baby elephant, the comical '
monkey jockeys mounted on dogs and
ponies, together with a long ai-ray of ~
talented and magnificently costumed
performers, all combined to present
the grandest parade ever seen
here, and one which reached nearly
a mile in length. When so much gran
deur is displayed in .a free spetiige,
it is safe to anticipate a grander and
greater show at the performances
which take plaee this afternoon and
tonight at 2 and 8 p. m., and if the
pinions of the press count for any
thing in the great metropolitian eit
ies, the Gentry Brothers have this
year exceeded the lavish produetions ~
f former years which made them
deservedly famous as public enter
tainers and instructors-Exchange.
During the courtship it's tempera
ment; after marriage it's a case of
WHAT IS E
Economy is a frugal and judicious
which spends money to advantage. I
reat bargain sales.
We have just returned from the N
he market and securing many excelle
for the public to inspect our immieni
tore. We have the new things, th<
Prints fi-om 5c. up, White Homespun
p, complete line of Dry Goods and r
ouble width, at Soc. is a great barga
ouths' $2.50 to $1o.oo, Boys' from
hings in Hats and Caps. Prettiest:
have ever had. Ouir experienced No:
rom the North, and our immense stc
ready for inspection, embracing the r
immense line of Furniture is now real
Groceries, Hardware, Crockeryware,
is now complete. We have added a:1
ters, and the bargains contained on tV
pie wonder how we can sell goods so<
8 lbs. best Granulated Sugar $1.0o.
Machine $25.oo, new Defender Machi
for 20 years. We have only two Ors
make special offer, $42.50, elegant to:
the old reliable Iron King and Elmo
best on the market. For every five<
hoice on our bargain counter.
Just received our 33d car, making
and while it lasts goes for best paten1
every barrel guaranteed to give satisf:
. . . ............
V\'D PONY SHOW
The Counsel for the Defence: "I
iphold that a tomato, however well
Limed. could not have caused such
The Plaintiff: "But if it were in a
in, yer Honor?"
EST PENCIL pad on the market at
Herald and News office for 5c.
OLD PIANOS AND ORGANS.
For which we will allow the highest
rices towards new Instruments. No
lub rates to offer, but we Pledge
etter Instruments for the same or
ess money, then those at club rate
Write Malones Music House, Co
imbia, S. C., for special prices and
HARLESTON & WESTEN CAE
Schedule in effect June 9th, 1907.
.jv. Newberry(C N & L.) 12:46 p. m.
Lr. Laurens 1:52 p., m.
v. Laurens (C. & W. C.) 2:15 p. m.
r. Greenville 3:40 p. m.
v. Laurens 1:58 p. m.
kr. Spartanburg 3:30 p. m.
v. Spartanburg (So. Ry.) 3:40 p. m.
L. Hendersonville 6:25 p. m.
I. Asheville 7:30 p. m.
v. Laurens (C. & W. C.) 2:00 p. mi.
x. Greenwood 2:56 p. m.
I. McCormiek 3~:55 p. m.
h. Auzgusta 5:40 p. .
Pullman Chair Cars between Au
usta, Laurens and Asheville, tri.
eekly. Leave Augusta Tuesdas
hursday and Saturdays ;leave Ashe
ille Mondays, Wednesdays and Fri
Note: The above arrivals and de
artures, as well as connections with
ther companies, are given as infor
ation, and are not guarantee.
Cen. Pass. Agt.,
Gleo. T. Bryan,
Greenville, S. C.
se of money-that management
~conomy is best exemplified in our
rthern markets after searching
nt bargains. We are now ready
e stock in our great department
nice things, the cheap things.
C. up, Checked Homespun 5C.
otions. Our Imperial Broadcloth,
in. Men's Suits $3.50 to $15 00,
75c. to $6.oo. New and nobby
ine of Rugs and Art Squares we
rthern Milliner has just returned
ck of fashionable Millinery is now
w and up to date things. Our
iy for inspection. Our stock of
Trunks, Valises and Woodenware
aew feature in roc. and 25c. coun
em is creating a sensation. Peo
~heap. We mention a few specials.
New drop head Domestic Sewing
ne, drop head, $17-93, guaranteed
ans left, and to close them out we
ties, oak and walnut. We handle
ooking Stove, beyond doubt the
lollars you trade we give free one
~,655 bbls. Choice Tennessee Flour,
$5.25, best half patent $4.65,
ction. Get the habit of coming to
a THEY SELL FOR LESS.
Notive il herebV ,iven that the
books of registration for the Town of M
Newberry, S. C., are now open, and i(
the undersigned as Supervisor of th
Registration for the said town will c
keep said books open every day from th
9 a. m., until 5 p. m., (Sunday ex- u
cepted) including the 1st day of De- at
cember, 1907. fa
Eug. S. Werts,
Supervisor of Registration. It
TEACHER WANTED. Sc
The patrons and trustees of the V
Vaughnsville school will meet at the i
Vaughnsville school house the first su
Saturday in October (the 15th) at pe
3 o'clock p. m. to elect a teacher for $
the coming -term, the teacher elected
having resigned. Salary $40 per
month. School to run 7 or 8 months.
All applications to be sent to the un
C. A. Brooks.A
E. C. Salter.
In fact anything you n
Don't forget to call (
They are also agents f<
NOW IS THE TI
It Is complete in every
War Path-Air Shir
Will interest and instruct you. D
beautifully illustrated folder contait
list of hotels, etc., write
W. J. CRAIG, P. T. M.,
Wilmington, N. C.
The Short Throu
Account Jamestown Ter-(
Season, Sixty Day and Fiftee
daily, commencing April 1 9t1
vember 30th, 1907.
Very low rates will also be r
BRASS BANDS in uniform:
STOP OVERS will be allow<
and Fifteen Day Tickets, sarr
For full and complete info
Agents Southern Railway, or
r. Music Lover, have you any imagina
)n in your make-up, any enthusiasm
side you, any dance in your feet Well,
en, get a VICTOR TALKING MA
INE, it will hit you all over, for
ere's scarcely a faculty or an emotion
your entire mental or physical make
but will be inspired by the VICTOR
d its records.
A record in the morning before break
st will be, by far, the best tonic you
uld use-for instance "I'm Crazy 'Bout
" by Collins & Harlan-you will
plit your sides," or if you prefer Grand
era-say Rigoletto Quartet, Act III,
ng by Caruso, Homer, Gilder and
otti, or perhaps a solo by Patti, Melba,
the late Tamagno. Anything on the
[CTOR from the ridiculous to the sub
ne, by a mere change of the records.
You may own- a Victor by making a
iall payment down and a small sum
r month. We have all sizes for you;
o.oo to $1oo.oo.
rt and Variety Store,
Newberry, S. C.
eed along that line.
>r Charlotte Steam;
ME TO VISIT
o not fail td go at once. For
sing maps, descriptive matter,
'T. C. WHITE,
Gen. Pass. Agt.
igh Car Line. .
m Day Tickets on sale.
1, to and including No
lade for MILITARY and
attending the Exposition.
ed on Season, Sixty Day
ie as on Summer Tour
rmation call on Ticket
tCharleston S. C