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ube gIll n Ells,
VOL XLIV NO. 88_EBIR S.0USA'OC'BR110.TWIOB A WEEK. $1.50 A YEAR
THE "CALL TO ARMS" FROM
THE FIELD MARSHAL.
Mr. E, D. Smith is Indignant-Says I
the Gamblers Give the Lie to
Their Old Excuse of Supply
"Hold your cotton." t
That has ever been the advice of ii
Mr. E. D. Smith. Now he adds: t,
"Keep on holding.' e
When he saw yseterday mgrning f
h,w the reports to the department of v
ag-ricultul%e had verified the claims f
of the Cotton association that the (
crop was short and that the price was s
ridiculously low, he was wrought up a
to the boiling over pitch when he saw c
thai the gamblers on Wall street were f
pushing the price down and giving 3
the lie to their own excuse of the past 3
-"We must yield to the law of sup
ply and demand."
"It is robbery. It is an effort to
take the money out cf the pockets of t
the people of the south just as a s
pickpocket would do," said Mr. Smith t
They know that thisis 'debt paying in
time in the south' and they think they t
have us at their mercy, but we will
give them a fight which will show f
them the spirit of the south is ye
too proud to yield to them.
"Supply-it is short! Demand
why, I am informed that the mills are
selling their produet at a price which
would be profitable if cotton were bs r
ing purchased at 18 cents per pound.
"'Hold you cotton.' That is all
that I can say. to the farmers of
South Carolina. And all who will hold
are urged to let me know that they
w4i hold and how much they will hold.
It will require just a few lines on a
postal card addressed to our office,
ioom 510, Skyscraper, Columbia, S.
"The government report, both as
to condition and number of bales goin
ned. was even more bullish than the
friends of higher prices really anti
cipated, 67 on condition and practi
eally a half million bales less ginned
to date than last 'year, confirming the
statement that the crop was steadily v
deteriorating in condition and that a
there was not and would not be as e
much to gin this year as last by pos
sibly 2.000.000 bales. This amount is e
about correct as t.he per cent of de- y
crease in condition shows, and the a
gin ners' report certainly confirms this n.
"Yet the 'professionals' take it as e
a.-joke and proceed in the face of a
these conditions--that should warrant t
from 3 to 4 cents more per pound c
than it is bringing-to deduct a dol- I
lar a bale from the cotton now going t
on the market. Every argument, all t
statisties, the law of supply and de- e
mand, all in favor now of higher prie
ed cotton, the south through her cot
ton organizations demanding a high
er price, yet these gentlemen see fit
to taunt them with this added insult
today of a 20 point drop in the mark
"Is it possible that the business
men and farmers of the south are go
ing to have it proven to a certainty
that the cotton gamblers can deter- ~
mine what the revenue of the south C
shall be and what shall be t.he per
sonal wages of every individual in thet
south? Or will they take this occas- a
ion to prove that they are masters ofE
the situation? ?
"The situation would be ludicrous
if it did not involve so many interests
vital to the south. As said in my ar- j
tiele of last week, the only possiblet
answer is-to stop selling cotton. a
S"The bankers and merchants of '
the south as well as the creditors ofa
the south should cooperate now in
helping the south to win this fight.
This is the first time when conditions "
were such that we will be in the posi
ion to prove our friends and remem
"Once more let me urge every man
who has cotton to report to me on a
postal card the number of bales he is (
rom the market. Reports are com
aig in now. I want them as full as
ossible so that I may tabulate them
nd give them to the public for the
enefit of all parties interested."
HEAVIER RAILS ORDERED.
eport riled on Work Done to Spar
tanburg and Greenville-What
Railroad Will Say.
Railroad Commissioner Earle yes
rday announced that the next meet
ig of the commission he would move
> place in the hands of Attorny Gen
ral Lyon the facts regarding the re
sal or neglect of the Southern rail
ay to place heavier rails on its tracks
rom Columbia to Grenville and from
olumbia to Spartanburg. Mr. Earle
aid that the order had been issued
bout a year ago and a supplemental
rder issued three months ago, the
ollowing letter being sent General
fr. C. H. Ackert, General Manager
Southern Railway, Washington, D.
Dear Sir: After a thorough inspee
'on and investigation of your roads
everal times in this state, we find
he same as hereinafter enumerated
ot in proper condition for the public
Line from Columbia to Auguita (so
ar as it concerns this state).
Line from Alston to Greenville.
Line from Shelton to Spartanburg.
It is hereby ordered that these lines
e repaired and laid with heavier
ails by October, 1907.
By order of the board,
J. H. Earle,
J. H. Sullivan,
Mr. Earle has received from Mr.
Lckert a report on the rails laid this
'ear on the -Greenville and Spartan
lurg branches. The Greenville line
ad 11 miles of new 75-pound rails
nd the Spartanburg tracks 18 miles.
'his includes sidetracks, however, and
he commission holds that the road
as had plenty of time to place these
This report is not in accordance
ith a statement made a few weeks
go by Supt. R. E. Simpson, who is in
harge of those divisions.
A railroad man ye'sterday, in dis
ussing the situation, said the inter
iew given out by President Finley
everal weeks ago gave the reason for
o further improvements. At pr-esent
de road is not making the money to
arry out the plans made last year
nd it would be some time before
ere was another surplus as was the
ase last summer. -General Manager
ekert will probably appear before
lhe board with a statement should
here be any legal proceedings threat
MEETING OF COTTON MEN.
rogramme of Growers' and Spin
ners' Conference.-To Eliminate
Atlanta, Ga., Oct. 2.-The program
e for the sessions of the Internation
1 Cotton Growers' a:nd Spinners'
onference, w,hich begins here next
onday, was announced today. Cot
>l growers and manufacturers from
1 parts of the United States and
urope will attend the sessions. The
.ference hopes to achieve closer re
tions between grower and spinner;
etter methods of growing, ginning,
nmpressinig, baling, storing and
ransporting cotton, increasing values
nd saving cost in all departments.
he elimination of the "middle man"
nd the curtailment or elimination of
uture or speculative dealings as in
luening the spot or cash market
-il also be prominent in the discus
The foreign delegates will leave At
inta Oc-t. 10 for a tour of the cotton
rates. with stops at Birmin2cham.
lad.. Greenville. Miss.. New Orleans,
~alveston. Houston. Little Rock and
1,,430265 BALES GINNED.
Ninety-five Counties Not Yet Heard Di
From-The Unreported Counties
Last Year Ginned 199,423
Bales to Sept. 25.
Washington, Oct. 2.-The census F1
bureau reports 1.430,265 males, count
ing round as half bales, ginned from
the growth of 1907, up to September
25. This is exclusive of 95 counties,
from which reports have not been re- te
The unreported counties had 2,177
active ginneries and last year had vi
ginned 199.42 balek to September 25,
distributed as follows: pa
. Alabama 16, Arkansas 6, Florida
3. Georgia 3, Indian Territory 5, Loui- te
siana 12. Mississippi 22, North Car- Tt
olina 3, South Carolina 1, Tennessee pl
1, Texas 23. The total number of bales
ginned last year to September 25 was m
2,057,283, and 2,355,716 in 1905. Num- da
her of active ginneries reported this
year 16,307. Total operated to Sep- W
tember 25 last year 20,416 and 21,389 Si
ofr 1905.- .
condition of Cotton Crop. th
Washington, Oct. 2-The agricul- d
tural department today reported that
the condition of cotton on September I
25, 1907, was 67.7 as compared with
72.7 on August 25, 1907; 71.6 on
September 25, 1906; 71.2 on Septem- a
ber 25, 1905, and a 10-year average
The fQllowing table shows the -con
dition 6n September 25 of this, year t'
and of the two precedinig years with
the respective 10-year -averages; also
the condition on August 25, 1907:
Sept 25, Aug 25, Sept 25, 10-year.
1907. 1907. 1906. aver.
Virgiuia . 76 77 66 75
N. C... ..76 78 66 71. b
S. C. .77 83 66 70 -
Georgia .76 81 68 70
Floiida . .69 80 64 71
Alabama .68 73 68; 68
Miss. . ..69 72 75 69
La. . ...65 69 73 69
Texas .. .60 67 74 64
Ark. ....65 65 76 68
Tenn. . .76 78 75 72
Mo. . .72 75 82 76 r
Okla. . ..64 72 75 . 73
Ind. Ter. .67 70 74 72 is
U. S. .. .67.7 72.7 71.6 67.8 st
TO MAKE AN APPEAL r w.
IN THE BLAIR CASE.
Solicitor Served Notice of Intention
to Take This and Byars Case NI
to Higher Court. M
Solicitor George Bell Timmerman dE
has served notice upon the attorneys te
for Ethel W. Blair of his intentions C
to take an appeal to the supreme
court from the decision of the pre- a
siding judge in granting a new trial.
Mrs. Blairb was granted a new .trial st~
uopn the showing made by her attor- st
neys as to alleged after-discovered s
evidence, alt'hough there were other f
grounds set forth in the motion for
a new trial which were considered by
members of the bar who heard the
pleadings even stronger than that up- er
on which the decision of the court was o
If the case is not given preference be
on the docket it may not be heard in go
the supreme court in time for the er
second trial to'be taken up in the cir- ~
euit court at the February term. Soli- th
itor Timmerman will, however, pro- aii
bably ask that it be heard among the to
'rst cases taken up at the next sit- la:
ting of the supreme court for trial er
of causes in this circuit.
The solicitor also served notice on ab
the attornev for S. F. Byars of his J.
intention to appeal from the decision fu
of the circuit judge in granting a
new trial in this case. The~ sole grounds
upon which this motion was granted
was thiat the court erred in not or- n
dering the defendant to accompany Ish
the jury when it was taken to the ne
scenec of the homicide. This case wifl 'th
pro bably be set for hiearing amnon y
theW first eae on the -alndar for thi' de
THE NEWS OF PROSPERIT
,ath of Mr. Hawkins Pugh, ConJ
erate Veteran-Off to College
Prosperity, Oct. 3.-The Sor
11 meet with Miss Blanche Ki'
Hon. D. Wyatt Aiken and i
re in town Wednesday, the gu
A. G. and Mrs. Wise.
Mrs. Ella Bedenbaugh and dat
rs, Annie Mae and Beatrice si
ednesday in Prosperity.
Mrs. E. .B. Luther, of Columbia
;iting Dr. and Mrs. Luther.
Mrs. W. L. Mathis is visiting
rents in Newberry this week.
Quite a number of our folks
aded the dog and pony shows
*esday and stayed ovelr for
Rev. Mr. Caldwell will hold e
inion at Kings Creek on next Lo:
Special services will be held
'ightman Chapel, beginning i
nday night. The pastor, Rev.
hittaker expects help from visi
taiers. The services will be I
e entire week and the public is
Messrs. P. E. Sheelcy and I.
>ng have gone to the Luth(
eological seminary at Charles
There has gone out from this b
d vicinity over twenty-five yo
eple to literary institutions.
certainly a record for our .t
Miss Minnie Brown has gone
e, College for Women, Colum
iss Jessie Moseley will attend
sical department of the College
omen eleh week and will take i
from Prof Kittridge.
Mr. Olin Derrick, of Columbia,
en in town for a few days arr
g for the removal of his sisi
isses Gertrude and Estelle. I
Ith their younger brother, Pat
.11 make their future home with t
ter Mrs. Dr. Folk, of Colum
Mrs. Kreps has returned from
issionary rally at Charlotte.
Miss Annie Jamieson, of New
, is visiting Miss Jessie Mos(
Mr. Allen E. Counts, of Montic
with Moseley Bros.
Miss Rose Welch, of Charles
opped off from her return h
om the mountains for a few<
t her sister Mrs' L. C. Craig.
Miss Lillie Mae Russell has ret
from a visit to friends in Sen
Mrs. Sudie Beacham and daugi
iss Kate, of Atlanta, are visi
rs. S. L. Fellers.
Miss Lula Moseley entertained
D. C. on Wednesday evening.
The boys for Porter Military
my left on Monday. Robt and 3
r Wise, Roy Kohn and Ho
J. Allen Lester went to the Cit;
Ld Mr. 0. B. Simpson to the C
ton Medical college. Allen Le
:od the best examination of all
udents reporting. This speaks
r -the training of our school
Another veteran has been sumn
to answer the roll call on high.
After several days of severe s
ss Mr. ;Hawkins Pugh, a Con
ati veteran and a faithful men
St. Lukes Lutheran church has
th his comrades and fellow mn
rs for the last time on earth
ne to join his comrades on the
shore. He has "passed over
rer and rests under the shade
e trees.'' He leaves a wife, two e
two daughters, and many frie
cherish his memory and keep
at resting plaes strewn with fi
Mr. Pugh was 61 years old. In
sence of Pastor Koon, Rev. M.
Kreps, of Prosperity, preached
neral sermon and laid him to 1
Card of Thanks.
We desire to thank our friends
ighbors for their many kindne:
awn us at and during the last s
ss and death of our children. F:
? depth of our sad hearts we th
u and pray the blessinLr '.f Pr
nee on eh one( of vEon.
7. MILLINERY DAYS PROSPERITY.
ed- Beautiful Lines Displayed by Moseley
Bothers and Mrs. S. W.
>sis It is said that in the world of fash
)ler ion this fall the big hat truly and lit
erally overshadows everything else.
vife We read the following description
asts of one of these hats in some news
gh- "It has a top sail of beautiful pink
ent roses and a flying jib of ostrich
feathers made into a nice little
,is green park. It is anchored to four
pounds of false hair and the hair is
her attached to the ladies' mind and a
small portion of natural hirsute fol
at-liage that grows thereon."
on The milliners, who have recently
the returned from the -eastern markets
from which centers of fashion our
om- styles are patterned, say it is impos
eds- sible to buy a small imported hat.
The milliner likes this, because it
in furnishes a wide field for her work.
kext One of the masculine species of
Mr. humanity, who has evidently no ap
ding preciation of the beautiful feminine
ield head-gear, has been quoted as mak
Dor- ing this deliverance as to the big hat:
"I have no objection to the. big.khat,
E. I have taken the butler's gantry for
ran my clothes, and that I 'am used to
ton. traversing the house whenever I must
wn get out a fresh suit, I don't mind it
ung at all. My wife's hats are in all the
'his closets, under all the beds, hanging
)wn froni hooks and resting themselves
in large boxes, and yet I believe she
to has only a fw of them. Often when
bia, she came in from a club meeting she
usd to dine with her hat on, but she
the does' not' do that any more, because
for our dining room is so small th'at the
ins- brim knoeks the plates from the
walls. The big hat is all right. When
has my wife- has one on I know that no
tng&- other fellow is making love to her."
ers, At any rate the big hat seems to
hey he the thing this 'season, though we
W. ar6 told that what we call a big hat
eir down south does not compare at all
bus, with the big hat in the centers of fash
the Last week we had the openings in
Newberry, where these hats were dis
ber- played in all of their many colors and
ley. shapes. This week two days have
1llo, been devoted to openings at Pros
ton, ' Mrs. S. W. Calmes.
ome On Wednesday Mrs. S. W. Cal
lays mes had her opening. Secareely in the
history of her business has there been
.irn- such a splendid display of patterns.
ea.~ That the elaborate display that she
iter, Ihad was appreciated by the public
ting of that community was evidenced by
the unusually large number of orders,
the Iwhich she received opening day. Her
place was beautihilly decorated and
ea- with the assistance of Miss Leggett,
"al- an experienced milliner from Balti
well more, who is wiith Mrs. Caimes for
the second season, she was enabled
idel Ito display her many beautiful crea
ar- tions to the very best advantage and
ster to the satisfaction of the many ladies
thre of the town and surrounding country,
well who were present to inspect the new
ion- The following were, the hats that
attracted most attention:
ick- A burnt leather hat of silk and vel
ed- vet, draped with silk scarf and lots
her|o shaded morning glories banked in
met the front.
em-' A hat of brown velvet and ebain
and pagne silk with handsome feather
th-, drooping off. and finished with a large'
the rosette of each shade and a hand
of some shaded oine.
ons The most attractive hat in black
nds and white was trimmed in three very
his handsome black and white ostrich
ow-i plumes, finished with morie ribbon
and jet buckles.
the' Navy blue felt with velvet and silk
0. collar and large alsasian bow and
the jwings. Very much admired.I
est. The decorations were of pink and
white with large number of ferns and
palms artistically arranged.
and Moseley Bros.
ses Opening day at Moseley Brothers,
ck- the old reliable establishment for
om: headgear, was held yetserday. The
kdisplay was elaborate and beautiful
v-and the ladies were out in full force
nn on and discussing and view
nm the many different styles that
are carried by this up-to-date millin
ery establishment. Miss Sutherland,
of Baltimore, an experienced and ef
ficient milliner, is in charge -of this
department writh the assistance of
Mrs. W. A. Moseley, and they were
kept busy all gay yesterday taking
orders and showing the beautiful line,
which they have brought on for the
fall trade. Miss Sutherland was with
Moseley Brothers during the spring
season and made many friends by -her
pleasant manner and good taste, who
will be delighted to have her fit them
up with her fall and winter creations
in the latest and best styles.
The following description of only
a few of the many beautiful hats of
this millinery establishment will give.
some idea of what may be founI
One of the daintiest creations was
a flat "Copenhagen'' with the artis
tic and very popular blue and green
morning glories, with stiff silk bows
and a slight bandeau.
Another very stylish brown felt.
with'silghtly bent front and brown
plumes with straight back and rib
bon, was very much admired.
Another hat, Mushroom shape, was
very pretty in three shades of blue
and trimmed with flowers, velvet and
One of the most popular hats was
a picture hat made of black velvet
and trimmed with handsome black
Among the children's styles was a
pretty little bonnet of pink plush lin
ed with shirred chiffon and trimmed
Altogether it was a delightful two
days at Prosperity this week and
many ladies were there from New
"TWO OLD CRONIES.
WM1 be een at the -Opria 'oUse
Trailers had to be attached to the
cars carrying the crowds last jight
to see the opening performance of
the Wills' Musical Comedy Company,
and "Two Old Cronies,'' and many
stood to see the performance. Mr.
Wils and his aggregation of comedy
artists made good. That is no mean
praise when the pretentions of the
company are considered. Mr. Wills'
effort in the summer attraction line
is way beyond comparison with the
other shows that have been seen here
The crowd as well as being the lar
gest of the season was far the mo.st
enthusiastic -and the. applause ran
from ripple to volumes, when the aud
ience was not convulsed with laugh
ter. There is no pretention to a plot.
The whole show is a bundle of special
ties that tickle the the funny-bone.
A shapely chorus and good singing are
fettures of the performance.
John B. Wills as Prof. Kreitzmey
er and Harry Mack as 0O'Donovan
Duf, an author, leading the fun mak
ing. Wills during 'his stay in the city
ha managed to get on -to the local
situation in a manner to enable him
to inte'rlard his dialogue with a num
ber of good local hits. These were
muchel appreciated. Wills and Maek
appear in .several stunts. '"Cut It
Out.' in the second act 'being about
their N.<. Other good specialties
were Wally Helston and Kate Heis
tol iMr. Joshue. Good Bye.'' in
which Mr. Helston gives an exhibi
tion of really remarkable eccentric
lis-- Slhannon and the chorus in
"Mady Lou'' are especially good.
Mis Shannon also sang some so
)rano azos in a manner to bring her
x veral deserved encores.
A feature of the show was the
gtiek change of the stage setting
from a ship scene to an Indian vil
lage in a.few seconds. This was ae
companed by a complete ehange of
cotu-es by the company for the
WANTED-The College Boys to
know that we still represent a good
laundry at The He~rald and News of
fe.'We will appreciate your pat
ronge and GUARANTEE SATIS
FCTON. Broaddus & Ruff.