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COTTON SPECULATION DOOMED
Ginners Anxious to Buy Direct from
Planters-Discussion Before the
Cotton Congress at Atlan
ta Indicates that the
Middleman Will be
Atlanta, Ga.. October S.-That the
time is not far distant when the cot
ton planters of the south will sell
their product direct to the spinners of
Europe and America instead of
through the middle man in bales gin
com.pressed at the plantation with
methods in which los has been reduc
ed to a minimum, was indicated by
to-day's dicussion before the Inter
national Conference of Cotton Grow
ers and Spinners.
Spinners representing hundreds of
mills and millions of soindles told
the planters that they were not only
willing but anxious to buy their cot-!
ton direct from the planter just as
soon as the planter can deliver. Big
planters and repreVntatives of the
Farmers' Union told the spinners of
Europe that already they were organ
ized, had built a chain of cotton
ware houses, had perfected a busi
ness system by w1hich the spinners
could' purchase an almost unlimited
supply of graded cotton and were
ready to eliminate the antiquated
method of selling through a middle
"But," said Herr Arthur Kuffler,
of Vienna, "if you planters wish to
trade direct with us you must give
us better service than the terchant.'
Action furthering this condition
took concrete form in unanimous
adoption by the Conference of a res
olution presented by the committee
on trade relations between growers
and spinners. This resolution declar
ed tba-t much of the present difficul
ty in handling cotton could be eli
minated if the growers would adopt
what is known as the ware house sys
tem and establish selling agents in I
Europe and America.
An essential part of this scheme is
the adoption of a standard type of
contract classification of cot-ton by
grade and color alone, the unit to be
50,000 pounds instead of 100 bales
net weight, and the handling of cot
ton under uniform rules. These
points were embodied in the resolu
tions presented by the committee on
transportation, and these also were
unsa.lmnously adopted, by the Confer
ence. , Thus two long steps in the
great work of the Conference, the
raising of the standard of cotton de
livered to the spinner and simpler
and more economical methods of
handling, involving a saving, it is as-*
serted, of something like $25,000,
000 a .year, were taken.
The great work of the Conference
yet remains to be done. This is the
final action on the general subject of
growing and 'handling cotton. Reso
lutions bearing on this were present
ed at to-day's session by the commit
tee to which the subject was refer
red. and after a somewhat protracted
discussion were ordered printed, and
will 'come up for further discussion
tomorrow, with the probabilities that
the Conference will devote most of'
the final day's session to their consid
eration. The recommendations of
this committee embodied the follow
That planters select and save their
seed for the nex~t crop to insure a
That freshly picked cotton be hous
ed from forty to sixty days before
That planters, as fast as possible,
either as individuals or in communi
ties, adopt gin compressing and the
Egyptian form of bale. The latter
means in effeet ginning and compress
ing on the plantation.
The committee on buying and sell
ing, to which was referred Congress
man THeflin 's resoilution directeld
against cotton speculation, adopted
the resolution, and tVhen referred it to
t .e sub-committee appointed yester
day, of which Mr. Heflin is chairman,
for further action. This means that
the subject will be debated on the
floor of the conference.
Spinners and planters alternated
to-day in putting forward their side
of the question of cotton growimg
Addresses were made by Thomas
Coates and William Howarth, of Eng
land: Herr Knffier, of Austria, re
presenting the spinners; E. A. Oal
vin, of Houston, Tex., and T. J.
Brooks, representing the Farmers'
Union. and E. D. Smith, of South Car
oln,who warmly defended fifteen
Saumuel T. Hubbard, of the New
York Cotton Exchange, and Mark H.
Thomas, of Houston, Texas, defended
cotton exchanges. Speculation, said
Mr. Hubbard, could never be abolish
-ed: it was nature's way of forward
:,. -.;]atiomn, and the elimination
I ( ii .oiin would reduce the ra
tio o)f buyers.
FIRST SUNG IN IHARLSTON.
"Glory Hallelujah" a Hymn Tune
Here, a War Song in
New York Sun.
In an unnamed grave on the Com
mon lies the first professional com
poser of America, William Billings,
who was Boston born and bred. I
The glorious "Battle Hymn of the 4
Republic." or "Glory Hallelujah," 4
had i:s beginning as a war song at
Fort Warren in Boston harbor in
1861. tiowh it was originally a hymn
jine in charleston, S. C.-quite a I
Step from the church to the battle- 4
field. but there was stirring music in
These facts. says Musical America,
were delightfully presented by Prof.
Louis C. Elson, of tne New England
Conservatory, in an "Old Home
Week'' lecture on ."Boston in Amer
ican Masical History." He filled the
subject with old incidents and sang
snatches of old songs as illustrations.
The Puritans. he said, looked ask
ance at music, but one of the more
advanced men., Mr. Brattle, actually
brought an organ to Boston as early
as 1699. In 1713 he was daring I
enough to offer it to the Puritan 4
Church. though with compunctions,
for he stipulated that in case of re
fusal it should be given to the
church of England. Thus King's I
Chapel won its first organ, the Pur- 4
tans preferrin. their bassoon and 'eel
lo as les sacriligious.
In such an atmosphere music de
veloped slowly. It was not until the I
late eighteenth eenutry that America 4
could claim a native professional
composer. William Billings was the
first to make music his vocation as
well as avocation, and he was evident
ly not appreciated.
It is recorded that a neighbor of
the musician tied two cats together
by their tails and dangled them
screeching over his gate, writing be
low "Billings's Music;" also that 4
he was once asked whether he defin
ed snorting as instrumental or vocal
Tha first gathering of the Handel
and Haydn Society on Christmas Eve,4
1815, was unique, with ninety male
and ten female voices, accompanied
by ten orchestral pieces. Music had
progressed so far in the general es
teem that it was taught in the pub
lic schools as early as 1838. In 1831
ame the Boston Symphony O)rches
tra, founded by Major Henry T. Hig
Boston 's part in our national- music
is certainly picturesque. Just here it
should be emphasized that the Hes
sians did not bring "Yankee Doodle''
to America in 1768. It was sung in
.he street of Boston by the British- "
ers under Braddoek as far back as g:
1755 to deride the New England
troops with the feathers in their caps. tl:
Later, in Revolutionary times, the g
British officers raced their horses st
aross the Common on Sunday morn
ings, and played "Yankee Doodle"'
before the Park Street Church to an- u)
nov the colonists within. d
"The Star Spangled Banner,'' or- Y
iginally a drinking song, composed by tt
Mr. Arnold. was first known to h
America in 1798, when Robert Trent
Paine used the tune for his words tof
"Adams and Liberty.'' The song r
was instantly popular, and Mr. Paine it
received $750 for the copyright-an G
unheard of sum in those days. is
But the song that is distinctly 'Bos- t
ton's own is "Glory Hallelujah.''
Prof. Webster's regiment first sang it P1
as a war song at Fort Warren, Bos- I
ton harbor, in 1861. and it was not M~
the famous John Brown whom they fc
monted. but a humble mcmber of m
their own ranks-.t
A thiousanld strong they sang it' be
marching across the Common. Boston
wnt wild over it, and ther New York. ci
t spread through the campus until
the san that began as a hymn tune ai
in South Carolina sang itself into his- es
tir as one of the famous war songs
of the world.
Symptoms. sour stomach,
nasty taste in mouth, sick L
headache, sallow complex- A
ion, the world your eniemy. La
Cuse. Constipation, inact.. A
ive liver, overflow of bile L
into the system. A
Relief. -rreatment for two L
nights before retiring withA
AND TONIC PEL.E T8 A
One a night, don't worry, sleep A
well and Nature'11 do the rest.
r.m Tr.atment 25 Ct.. .i
The up-to-date pla4
} gentlemen. Every
served in good styli
The most comple
and Staple Grocer
We carry a- stock t
wants from. The
we offer. Everyth:
thing the best.
in packages and lot
with us at both of
1-2, 1, 2, 3 and 5 poi
WHAT IS E
Economy is a frugal and judicious
hich spends money to~advantage. ]
eat bargain sales.
We' have just returned from the N~
e market and securing many excell,
r the public to inspect our immen:
ore. We have' the newt things, tli
rints from 5C. up, White Homespun
, complete line of Dry Goods and t
>uble width, at Soc. is a great barg2
ouths' $2-50 to $ro.oo, Boys' from
ings in Hats and Caps. Prettiest
ve ever had. Our experienced No
om the North, and our immense sto
ady for inspection, embracing the n
iense line of Furniture is now real
roceries, Hardware, Crockeryware,
now complete. We have added a 2
rs, and the bargains contained on ti
e wonder how we can sell goods so <
lbs. best Granulated Sugar $1 .oo.
achine $25.oo, new Defender Machi
r 20 years. We have only two Org
ake special offer, $42.50, elegant to:
e old reliable.Iron King and Elmo I
st on the market. For every five<
oice on our bargain counter.
Just received our 33d car, making 2
id while it lasts goes for best paten1
rery barrel guaranteed to give satisf:
Prosperity, S. C.
EARLESTON & WESTERN CAB
OLINA BY. r
Schedule in effect June 9th, 1907.
7. Newberry(C N & L.) 12:46 p. m.
r. Laurens 1:52 p. m.
7. Laurens (C. & W. C.) 2:15 p. m.
r. Greenville 3:40 p. m.
7. Lurens 1:58 p. m.
r. Spartanburg 3:30 p. m. r
v. Sartanburg (So. Ry.) 3:40 p. m.
r. Hendersonville 6:25 p. m.
r. Asheville 7:30 p. m.
v. Laurens (C. & W. C.) 2:00 p. m.
r. Greenwood 2:56 p. m.
r. McCormiek 3:55 p. m.
r. Agusta 5:40 p. in.
Pullman Chair Cars between Au- ]
ista Lanrens and Asheville, tri
:e for ladies and
thing good to eat 4
3 on short notice. I
te stock'of .Fancy
ies in th2 city.
hat the most fas
ar can supply her I
best is the kind 4
ing fresh, every
ose is a specialty
the above men
of all kinds. 4
use of money-that managemen
Economy is best exemplified in ou:
orthern markets after searching
nt bargains. XWe are now reada
e stock in our great departmen
Snice things, the cheap things
5C. up, Checked Homespun 5c
otions. Our Imperial Broadcloth
in. Men's Suits $3.50 to $15.00
75c. to $6.oo. New and nobby
lne of Rugs and Art Squares w<
rthern Milliner has just returne<
k of fashionable Millinery is nov
ew and up to date things. Ou:
ly for inspection. Our stock o
Trunks, Valises and Woodenwar<
iew feature in roc. and 25c. con
iem is creating a sensation. Peo
heap. We mention a few specials
New drop head Domestic Sewing
ne, drop head, $17-93, guarantee(
~ans left, and to close them out w<
2es, oak and walnut. We handl<
ooking Stove. beyond doubt th<
ollars you trade we give free on<
,65 bb1s. Choice Tennessee Flour
$5-3.5, best half patent $4..85
~ction. Get the habit of coming t<
)STHEY SELL FOR LESS.
eekly. Leave Augusta Tuesdays
hursda.y and Saturdays ;Ieave Ashe
ie Mondays, Wednesdays and Fri
Note: The above arrivals and de
artures, as well as connections wit!
ther companies. are given as in.for
iation, and are not guaranteed.
Cen. Pass. Agt.,
Geo. T. Bryan,
Greenville, S. C.
JST PENCIL~ pad on the market a
REGISTRATION NOTICE .
Notice i. hereby given that the
books of registration for the Town of
Newberry, S. C., are now open, and
the undersigned as Supervisor of
Registration for the said town will
keep said books open every day from Ap
9 a. m., until 5 p. m., (Sunday ex- I
cepted) including the 1st day of De- Ar
Eug. S. Werts,
Supervisor of Registration.
TEACHER WANTED. eai
The patrons and trustees of the
Vau-nnsville school will meet at the At
Vau-hnsville school house the first
Saturday in October (the 15th) at fol
3 o'clock p. m. to elect a teacher for ma
the coming term, the teacher elected
L having resigned. Salary $40 per tio
month. School to run 7 or 8 months.
All applications to be sent to the un
C. A. Brooks.
} E. C. Salter.
Box Paper, FOR
Pens and I
In fact anything you ni
Don't forget to call a
They are also ag3nts fo
NOW IS THE TI]
It is complete in everv <
War Path-Air Ship
Will interest and instruct you. D<
beautifully illustrated folder conitair
list of hotels, etc., write
W.J. CRAIG, P. T.M.
Wilmington, N. C.
The Short Throu
Account James8town Ter-C
Season, Sixty Day and Fiftee
daily, comrmencing April 19th
vember 30th, 1907.
Very low rates will also be rr
BRASS BANDS In uniform a
STOP OVERS will be allowe
and Fifteen Day Tickets, sam
For full and complete infoi
Agents Southern Railway, or
lates from Newberry S. C., as fol
season Ticket $19.55. Sold daily
ril 19th to November 30th.
0 Day ticket $16.30. Sold daily
ril 19th to November 30th.
L5 day ticket $14.30. Sold daily
ri 19th to November 30th.
.oah Excursion $8.55. Sold each
esday; limit 10 days. Endorsed.
iot good in parlor or sleeping
Chrougn Pullman sleeping cars, via
a.tic Cost Line Railroad company.
irite for a beautiful illustrated
der containing maps, descriptive
ter, list of Hotel, etc.
7or reservations or any informa
T. C. White,
General Passenger Agt.
3assenger Traffie Manager,
Wilmington, N. C.
)ed ajong that line.
MAE TO VISIT
> not fail to go at once. For
ing maps, descriptive matter,
T. C. W HITE,
Gen. Pass. Agt,
gh Car Line,
r Day Tickets on sale
, to and including No
ade for MILITARY and
.ttending the Exposition.
d on Season, Sixty Day
e as on Summer Tour
mation call on Ticket
Charlestn, S. C