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law. for they aroused the people. first
to demand the enactment and enforce
ment of state laws on the subject and
then the enactment of the federal law,
without which the state laws were
largely ineffective. There must be the
closest co-operation between the na
tional and state governments in ad
ministering these laws.
Currency Legislation Needed.
I again urge on the congress the
need of immediate attention to this
matter. We need a greater elasticity
in our currency, provided of course
that we recognize the even greater
need of a safe and secure currency.
Provision should be made for an
emergency currency. The emergency
issue should of course be made with
an effective guarantee and upon condi
tions carefully prescribed by the gov
ernment. Such emergency issue must
be based on adequate securities ap
proved by the government and must be
issued under a heavy tax. This would
permit currency being issued when the
demand for it was urgent, while secur
ing its retirenant as the demand fell
off. It is worth investigating to de
termine whether officers and directors
of national banks should ever be al
lowed to loan to themselves. Trust
companies should be subject to the
same supervision as banks. Legisla
tion to this effect should be enacted for
the District of Columbia and the ter
Yet we must also remember that
even the wisest legislation on the sub
ject can only accomplish a certain
amount. No legislation can by any
possibility guarantee the b}siness com
munity against the results of specula
tive folly any more than it can guaran
tee an Individual against the results of
his extravagance. When an Individual
mortgages his house to buy an auto
nobile he invites disaster, and when
wealthy men or men who pose as such
or are unscrupulously or foolishly eager
to become such indulge in reckless
speculation, especially if it is accom
panied by dishonesty, they jeopardize
not only their own future, but the fu
ture of all their innocent fellow citi
zens, for they expose the whole busi
ness community to panic and distress.
Can't Revise Tariff Now.
This country is definitely committed
to the protective system, and any ef
fort to uproot it could not but cause
widespread industrial disaster. In
other words, the principle of the pres
ent tariff law could not with wisdom
be changed. But in a country of such
phenomenal growth as ours it is prob
ably well that every dozen years or so
the tariff laws should be carefully scru
tinized so as to see that no excessive
or improper benenits are conferred
thereby, that proper revenue is provid
ed and that our foreign trade Is en
couraged. There must always be as a
minimum a tariff which will not only
allow for the collection of an ample
revenue, but which will at least make
good the difference in cost of produc
tion here and abroad-that is, the dif
ference In the labor cost here and
abroad, for the well being of the wage
worker must ever be a cardinal point
of American policy. The question
should be approached purely from a
business standpoint, both the time and
the manner of the change being such
as to arouse the minimum of agitation
and disturbance in the business world
and to give the least play for selfish
and factional motives. The sole con
sideration should be- to see that the
sum t9tal of changes represents the
public good. This means that the sub
ject cannot with wisdom be dealt with
in the year preceding a presidential
election, because as a matter of fact
experience has conclusively shown that
at such a time It is impossible to get
men to treat it from the standpoint of
the public good. In my judgment the
wise time to deal with the matter Is
Immediately after such election.
Income Tax and Inheritance Tax.
When our tax laws are revised the
question of an income tax and an in
heritance tax should receive the care
ful attention of our legislators. In
my judgment, both of these taxes
.should be part of bur system of fed
eral taxation. I speak diffidently about
the income tax because one scheme for
an income tax was declared unconsti
tutional by the supreme court, while in
addition it Is a difficult tax to admin
ister in Its practical working, and great
care would have to be exercised to see
that It was not evaded by the very
men whom It was most 'desirable to
have taxed. Nevertheless a graduated
income tax of the proper type would
be a desirable feature of federal taxa
tion, and it is to be hoped that one
may be devised which the supreme
court will declare constitutional.
The inheritance tax, however, is
a far better method of taxation. The
government has the absolute right to
decide as to the terms upon which a
man shall receive a bequest from an
other, and this point in the devolution
of property is especially appropriate
for the imposition of a tax. Laws im
posing such taxes have repeatedly been
placed upon the national statute books
and as repeatedly declared constitu
tional by the courts, and these laws
contained the progressive principle
that is. after a certain amount I., reach
ed the bequest or gift in life or death
Is increasingly burdened and the rate
of taxation is increased in proportion
to the remoteness of blood of the man
receiving the bequest. These priiiPles
are r'ecognized already in the~ leading
civilized i:stions of the wold
of the emnire n portion of the pro
ce is and penmaittig them to impose
taxes in addition to those imposed by
the imperial government. Small inher
itances are exempt, but the tax is so
sharply progressive that when the in
heritance is still not very large, pro
vided it is not an agricultural or a for
est land, it is taxed at the rate of 25
pdt cent if it goes to distant relatives.
There is no reason why in the United
States the national government should
not impose inheritance taxes in addi
tion to those imposed by the states,
and when we last had an inheritance
tax about one-half of the states levied
such taxes concurrently with the na
tional government, making a combined
maximum rate in some cases as high
as 25 per cent.
To Tax Nonresidents Higher.
The tax should if possible be made
to bear more heavily upon those resid
ing without the country than within it.
A heavy progressive tax upon a very
large fortune is in no way such a tax
upon thrift or industry as a like tax
would be on a small fortune. No ad
vantage comes either to the country
as a whole or to the individuals inher
iting the money by permitting the
transmission in their entirety of the
enormous fortunes which would be af
fected by such a tax, and as an inci
dent to its function of revenue raising
such a tax would help to preserve a
measurable equality of opportunity for
the people of the generations growing
We have not the slightest sympathy
with that socialistic idea which would
try to put laziness, thriftlessness and
inefficiency on a par with industry,
thrift and efficiency, which would
strive to break up not merely private
property, but, what is far more impor
tant, the home, the chief prop upon
which our whole ,civilisation stands.
Such a theory if ever adopted would.
mean the ruin of the entire country,
but proposals for legislation such as
this herein advocated are directly op
posed to this class of socialistic the
Enforcement of the Law.
A few years ago there was loud com
plaint that the law could not be in
voked against wealthy offenders. There
is no such complaint now. The course
of the department of justice during the
last few years has been such as to
make it evident that no man stands
above the law, that no corporation is
so wealthy that it cannot be heWL to ac
count. Everything that can be done
under the existing law and with the
existing state of public opinion, which
so profoundly influences both the courts
and juries, has been done, buln the laws
themselves need strengthening. They
should be made more definite,. so that
no honest man can be led unwittingly'
to break them and so that the real
wrongdoer can be readily punished.
Moreover, there must be the public
opinion back of the laws or the laws
themselves will be of no avail. The
two great evils in the execution of our
criminal laws today are sentimentality
and technicality. For the latter the
remedy must come from the hands of
the legislatures, the courts and the law
yers. The other must depend for Its
cure upon the gradual growth of a
sound public opinion which shall insist
that regard for the law and the de
mands of reason shall control all other
influences and emotions in the jury
box. Both of these evils must be re
moved or public discontent with the?
criminal law will continue.
Instances of -abuse in the granting
of injunctions in labor disputes con
tinue to occur, and the resentment in
the minds of those who feel that their
rights are being invaded and their lib
erty of action and of speech .unwar
rantably restrained continues likewise
to grow. Much of the attack- on the
use of the process of injunction is
wholly without warrant, but I am con
strained to express the belief that for
some Qf It there is warrant. This ques
tion is becoming one of prime impor
tance, and unless the courts will deal
with it in effective manner it is cer
tain ultimately to demand some form
of legislative action. It would be most
unfortunate for our social welfare if
we should permit many honest and
law abiding citizens to feel that they
had just cause for regarding our courts
with hostility. I earnestly commend
to the attentio,n of the congress this
matter, so that some way may be de
vised which will limit the abuse of in
junctions and protect those rights
which from time to time It unwarrant
ably invades. Moreover, discontent Is
often expressed with the use of the
process of injunction by the courts,
not only in labor disputes, but where
state laws are concerned. I refrain
from discussion of 'this question as I
am informed that it will soon receive
the conisideration of the supreme court.
The process of injunction is an es
sential adjunct of the court's doing its
work well, and as preventive measures
are always better than remedial the
wise use of this process is from every
standpoint cqommendable. But where
it Is recklessly or unnecessarily used
the abuse should be censured, above
all by the very men who are properly
anxious to prevent any effort to shear
the courts of this necessary power.
The court's decision must be finaL. The
protest is only against the conduct of
individual judges in needlessly antici
pating such final decision or In the
tyrannical use of what Is nominally a
temporary injunction to accomplish
what is in faict a permanent decision.
The president urges the passage of a
model employers' !iability act for the
nhit the child andl womnan labor evil.
Now in i
We have now two stor
First floor. Come to see
line of merchandise thai
Coods, Dress Goods, Sil
and a full and complete
ad Gloves. Will save
BOY'S KNEE PANTS.
50 boys' knee suits, $1.75 kind, on
.y $1.25. -
75 boys' knee suits, $2.00 kind, on
100 boys' knee suits, $2.50 kind,
90 boys' knee suits, $3.00 kind, on
75 boys' knee suits, $3.50 kind, on
100 boys' knee suits, $5.00 kind,
Here is whree we can save you
;onie money also.
1000 yds. good Sea Island, 6 1-4c. ]
:nd, for 5e. per yd.
1000 yds. good checked homespun, ]
ec. kind, for 6 1-4c. per yd.
750 yds. extra good chocked home
;pun, 8 1-3e. kind, for" 7 1-2e. per yd.
2000 yds. heavy white homespun,
3 1-3c. kind, for 7c. per yd.
1500 yds. good checked ginghams,
1-2c. kind, for 5c. per yd.
1000 yds. extra good checked ging
hams, 8 1-3c. kind, for 7 1-2c. per yd.
Also a big lot dress ginghams at
3 1-3, 10 and 12 cts. per yd.
1000 yds. good calieo bought before
the advance at 5c. per yd.
1500 yds. good bed ticking, 12 1-2e.
kind, for 10. per yd.
1000 yds. good A. Z. A. bed tick
ing, 16 2-3c. kind, for 12 1-2e. per yd.
1000 yds. best A. C. A. bed ticking,
5. kind, for 18e. per yd.
1200 yds. Newberry mills drilling,
l0. kind for 8c. per yd.
A big lot of Lt. and D. K. percales,
at old price, 8 1-3, 10 and 12 1-2 ets.
-Main Street, Inst abo'
Under lotel Frederick
Every Afternoon 5 to 10.
Under 12 years 5c.
:heir New S
bove the C.
e rooms or a double s
us at ou new stores.
i ever before. Will gu
ks, White Goods, Emb
line of men's and lad
jou money on all these
FLANNELS AND FLANNELET
At 10c. per yd. the best grade of
,uting including all the neat checks
At 10c. per yd., plain colored out
ngs, nice soft quality in pink, blue,
ed and white.
At 10c. per yd., 50 pieces flannel
,ttes, all new patterns.
At 8 1-3c. per yd., 100 yards flan
ielette in remnants from 2 to 10 yard
BIG SALE DRESS GOODS AND
We will offer positively the best
)argains in dress goods ever put be
ore the Newberry public. This sale
rill include broadeloths, meltons,
>anamas, voiles, mohairs, novelty
heeks, stripes, plaids and mixtures
n every shade that's fashionable.
Browns, blues, grays, reds, garnets
A beautiful line of Taffeta Silks
Black and all shades at price 48c.,
'4c., 9Sc., $1.25. also a beautiful !line
>f plaid silks at 50c., 89c., 98c., and
1.24 a yard.
BIG SALE LADIES' AND CHIL
$3,000 worth ladies' and children's
50 ladies' cloaks worth $5.00, go
.n at $3.98.
40 ladies' cloaks worth $6.50, go
ng at $4.98.
60 ladies' cloaks worth $8.00, go
Lng at $6.98.
75 ladies' cloaks worth $10.00, go
ng at $8.48.
65 ladies' cloaks worth $12.00, go
ng at $9.48.
23 ladies' clo.aks worth $15, going
for More Busin
e the Mower Co.
of every kind, and for your fields
when you buy fence. A fence ti
for. You want weight in the fen<
wagon." Now, it is a fact-and
wire that is given in any fence, in
It is made on purpose to be the I
sold in larger quantities than any
The makers of 'AMERiCAN
mills and six immense fence factos
We can show you this fence in
the field, Come and see us and gc
We have just i
and Will be plea
Also a fine linE
tores in Mal
a G. S. Mower
tore, one t:: men and
We will make it pay yo'
arantee to save you m
roideries, Laces, Ribbor
ies' Furnishings and I
50 children cloaks worth $2.50, go
ing at $1.75.
75 childi'en cloaks worth $3.50, go
ing at $2.75.
60 children cloaks worth $5.00, go
ing at $3.98.
40 children cloaks worth $7.50, go
ing at $5.98.
SPECIAL VALUES IN OUTINGS,
BED SPREADS, SHEETS, TOW
$1.00 bed spreads now only 75e.
$1.25 bed spreads now only 90e.
$1.50 bed spreads now only $1.20.
A lot of good size sheets at 45e.
A lot of 72x90 sheets at 62 1-2 ets.
A lot of 81x90 best sheets at 70e.
Very much cheaper than you can
buy the sheeting.
Big lot towels worth 5c., for 4e.
Big lot towels worth 12 1-2c., foi
Big lot towels worth 15e., for 11e
Big lot towels worth 35e., for 22
UNDERWEAR AND HOSIERY.
We can fill the entire shelving ir
one side of our store with underwea
A big lot men's undershirts @ 2
A big lot men's 50c. undershirts @
37 1-2 cents each.
A big lot men's 60c. undershirts @
45 cents each.
A big lot ladies' 35c. vest @ 22 1
Ai big lot ladies' 50c. vest @ 31
A big lot' ladies' 75c. vest @ 46
A big lot men's and ladies woo
underwpar at cut prices.
ess and Better V
of gowin crop, iswam o at n
ta a bul ca -ra thog r ra o
:eyuby wegh enuht tur th
or hol knouta,pr rumL
the celebrated .2
ieaviest, most durable and lasting of any
other two fences in the world, solely oni
ENCE own and operate their own iron
fes. Their product is the acknowledged
DARD OF THE M
our stock and explain its merits and 5up
eceived a car lo
sed to quote yoi
of Guns and
supply of Load
I one for ladies, al: on
i, and show you a better
oney on Clothing, Dry
'is, Sh.es, Hats, Trunks,
150 doz. men's heavy gray sox 8
125 doz. ladies' heavy grade hose
8 1-3 cents .
400 doz. boys' and misses' hose 3
pair for 25 cents.
25 doz. men's sox, fancy, 10c pr.
40 doz. men's sox, fancy, 12 1-2
50 doz. men's sox, fancy, 22 1-2
100 doz. ladies' hose, 10e. kind on
ly 7 1-2c.
250 doz. ladies' hose, 12 1-2e. kind,
only 8 1-3e.
EXTRA SPEO,AL FOR NEXT
PER CENT OR ONEFOURTH OFF
ON -ALL CLOTHING, SHOES AND
LADIES' AND CHILDREN'S
CLOTHING AND OVERCOATS.
$20.00 suits one-fourth off, $15.00.
$15.00 suits, one-fourth off, $11.25.
$12.50 suits, on.e-fourth off, $9.38.
$10.00 suits, one-fourth off, $7.50.
$8.00 suits, one-fourth off, $6.00.
$5.00 suits, one-fourth off, $3.75.
Also all ladies' and children's
cloaks, jackets and furs, one-fourth
>off, largest stock and best styles.
I SHOES FOR LADIES, MEN, BOYS
AND GIRLS AND ALL THE FAM
ILY-ALL SOLID LEATHER AND
$5.00 shoes, one-fourth off, $3.75.
$4.00 shoes, one-fourth off, $3.00.
$3.50 shoes, one-fourth off, $2.63.
S$3.00 shoes, one-fourth off,. $2.25.
$2.50 shoes, one-fourth off, $1.88.
$2.00 shoes, one-fourth off, $1.5Q. 4
$1.75 shoes, one-fourth 'off, $1.34.
I$1.50 shoes, one-fourth off, $1.15.
And so on down.
what you have a right to expect,
wn is not worth paying good money
eaviest Percheron or stop a " devil
rod, you obtain the most weight in
fence at any price. It is made and
mins and furnaces, their own wire.
eriority not cely in the sd inW b
ad of this fence;