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VOL XLV- O 8 NEWBERRY WICE A WEEK. $1.50 A YEAR
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY.
Hou-e Has Voted as Usual to Kill
Lien Law and Senate Will Like
ly Concur-Others Matters.
Special to Herald and News.
Columbia. Jan. 27.-Two w,eeks of
the legislative session have gone
and in that time four hundred bills
or more have been introduced, while
there were that many and more al
ready on the calendar when the ses
sion began. Of these some have ;been
killed, others ha.ve been passed and
the majority have not been acted on.
Railroads in the senate and the lien
law in the house+-during the latter
half of the last week these two sub
jects were up. The message of Gov.
Ansel stating the proposition of the
Southern and the Atlantic Coast
Line to put reduced rates in effect
voluntarily was read in the two
houses on Saturday. The governor
recommended that since the railroad
eommission has power under the law
to fix rates, the matter be left to the
commissiOr, as the commission can
adjust the rates so as not to injure
the local, short lines, which could
not do business at a profit on a two
and one-half cent rate. The mes
sage was received as information in
the house. In the senate when it was
presented the bill to require railroad
telegraph operators to stand an ex
amination before a state board was
aup for discussion and 'Senator Toole,
who had the floor, sharply criticized
the governor's mild and conservative
recommendations regarding railroads.
Mr. Toole has been fighting for years
for reduced fares and he did not
agTee to the proposition Ithat the
roads are giving the reductions volun
tarily, but asserted that the fight
made by Gov. Glenn was responsible
for their course.
The bill to require railroad opera
tors to stand an examination passed
the house last year, being introduced
by Mr. Kershaw of Florence. It has
not vet been acted on in the senate.
The senate has with the consent of
the author. Mr. Toole, killed the bill
to repeal the Southern merger suit
act, leaving it to the attorney gener
al to continue the case now-in the
The senate has also killed thre 'bill
of Senator Graydon to increase from
one to fi've per cent the failure to pay
taxes within t.wo months after the
The senate, it seems. will pass the
'bill which has already passed the
'house to make the terms of county
superintendent of education and sap
ervisor four years instead of two.
and the change will go into effect
with the next elections.
.The lien law was decided in the
house on Friday. after debate that
day and the day before. 'The Rich
ards bill. "which repeals the act per
mitting the merchant who furnishes
supplies to take a lien on the un
grown erop. was passed after debate
by- Messrs. Richards. Wyche, John
stone. Verner and others for the bill
and by Messrs. Rucker. Norton, Sel
lers. and Garris in opposition. T?he
vote was 75 to 29. Last year it was
78 to 32. In tire senaite last year the
bill was killed by a vote of 20 to 16.
but friends of repeal stay it will pass
the senate this year.
The house has killed the bill by
Mr. Morrell of Riethland to require
marriage licenses. A similar bill 'by
Mr. Wallace of Charleston was with
dan to make way for the Morrell
bill, but has been introduced again.
The vote on thre Morrell bill was 59 to
-The Charleston license dispensary
bill has been killed. It was referred
to the dispensary committee, which
made an un;favorable report. and th e
report was adopted, rejecting the bill.
The Nouth Augusta dispensary
came in for some talk during th'e
week. Mr. Line, the Marlboro pro
hibitionist. who as school trustee re
fused to receive his sehool district's
share of Sitate dispensary profits, in
troduced a resoltion eon-lem'ning the
action of the Aiken county board in
putting a dispensary in NortFh Augus
ta when it was not wanted by a ma
jority of the citizens. The resolu
tion was adopted without division but
ed its reconsideration and rejectio
on the ground that it was a loca
matter with wiich the house ha(
nothing to do. Tre whole matte
was ordered expun.ed from th r3
The house has set Wednesday fo
the memorial exercises in honor 0
the late J. M. E'ptino of Lexingto:
and W. F. McArthur of Cherokee
who have both died since the las
Charged With Being Paid Represen
tative of Liquor Interests-His
Statements Are Denied.
Augusta. Ga., Jan. 26.-At a mas
m-eting in North Augusta today
resolutions were adopted containini
eharges that Representative Croft i
the paid representative of liquor in
I terests. and that he practically mad
such an admission at the Aike:
county court honse during the dis
pensary hearing. The document als
denies the charges made by Mr. Crof
tha .t two mninistiers of North Aunst
are unfavorably disposed to th2 tow:
dispensary. but willing to have on
operated in the hotel.
Sworn statements. before a notary
were collected to be ta.kn to Colum
bia today by a committee compose,
of Messre. Carpenter. VTerdrey, Me
Kie. J. H. Carpenter. Woodwari
.Meali.ng. Hahn and Barksdale. wh
are to appear Mon;day before a com
mittee of both the house and senate
It was charged at the meeting tha
Mr. Croft had made statements "un
conditionally false and wilfully mis
Letters remaining in the postoffic
at Newberry. S. C., for week endin;
January 25. 1908.
A-Mr. D. E. Alevand r.
B--Sindy Bates, Mr. W. H. Browr
C-Mr. Ben Collins.
D-Miss Carrie Dewalt. Miss Mag
E--Henry L. Edawards.
G-Mr. P. W. Gary.
H-Mr. W. W. Hull. Mr. FranI
J-NMrs. Hattie Jones.
M-Miss Sa.rah Mathis, Mr. L. W
Miller. Mr. C. W. Munnerlyn.
R-Mr. Edwin Roof.
S-Henry Shell. Mr. Alf Switten
burg, Miss Irene L. Smith.
1T-Miss Eula Tolbert. (2).
W--Mrs. Daisy Witt. Charle;
Wells. Miss B'essie Walker.
Persons calling for these letter
will p)lease ay that they were adver
I Chas. J. Purcell,
Force of Habit.
A Boston psychol'ogist was recent
ly reminded of the story of th
story of the Russian jailer whc
changing his oceupation, found th
chief interest of his leisure monment
in eat'ehing birds, putting them il
ages .an d selling them to the high
The scientist having~ to attend'
series of lectures in a large hal
struck up acquaintance with jani
tor of the 'building and soon 'noted ii
him a sug'gestive bent of mind. Th
man seemed fond of counting th'
people, and would occassionally ire
port the exact number present. "W1
hve 115 here tonight.'' lie woul<
sav. or "'Just 201 all told:'' or
w -hen the hall was crowded. "'Lmak
jit 370.'' There was a pr'oblem in al
this, but it took some time for th4
psychologist to solve it.
A bit of friendly. familiar talk
contnually renewed. did the bixsi
ness. for it -brought out the fact tha
the janit.or had spent many of thi
previous years of his life es warde:
in an ea4tern prison. With rifle oi
shoulder, from sore me-iosinz wall
temnhad counten hi convicis un
til the habit became w'arain?d. In th
recesses of his brain the lecture hal
took the shale of a jaii yard and thi
audience were has priso~ner's. Hi
cont:ed because he wished to knov
MR. BLEASE NOT PRESENT.
1 Was Not At Meeting to Consider Dis
r position of Court House-Says it
- Is Matter for Whole County.
<The followin," letter has been
hand-ed The Herald and News for
SNeweerrv. S. C., Jan. 27, 190S.
Hon. Wm. H. Wallace, Editor New
be:ry Observer, Newberry, S. C.
Dear Sir:. My attention has been call
ed to a report published in your is
sue of January 21st. 1908, of a meet
ing held in the town of Newberry by
a committee of the chamber of com
merce, representatives of the city
conreil of Newberry, the county sup
ervisor and commissioners of New
berry county, and the representatives
s in the legislature, in which said re
por-t it is stated that Seaator Cole. L.
iBlase was present and participated,
and at which meeting an agreement
was reached as to the disposition of
the question as to what should be
1 done with the present court house.
- I desire to state that I did not attend
> any such meeting; that I was not in
t vited to attend any such meeting,
1 and that at the time the said meet
1 in,, was held I was confined to my
bed with sickne-s, and that I would
not have known that any such meet
ingc was going to be held had it not
- been for the courtesy of the Hon.
I Elbert H. Aull, who 'phoned to my
- room only a few minutes before said
meeting was to be held and asked me
> if I was going to attend such meet
. ing I stated to him that I did noG
know such meeting was to be held
t and that I was sick in bed and un
- able to attend it, and that I would
- be .lad if he would state at such
-meeiing for me that my position was
-that the people of the entire county
of Newberry owned that building and
that the country people had as much
right to say what should become of
lit as the people in the town of New
berry, and that I did not propose to
be dictated to by the town of New
berry as to what disposition should
be made of that building, but. that I
represented the entire county of
New,erry, and before TI took any
position as to the disposition of that
buildin.- that. I proposed for all of
the white people in the county of
Newberry. in the country as well as
in the town, to be heard from, and
to leave it to them to say what dis
Iposition they wanted made of the
old court 'house: that so far as uly
individual opinio.n was eoncerned,
that I would express it at the proper
time and in no .uncertain terms. Col.
Aull stated that he would make that
statement for mm to the committee.
T was afterwards informed by a gen
tn who was present at the meat
inr that Col. Aull did as he promis
ed. I was furthermore informed that
I he meeting was not entirely har
monious or unanimous, and I was
surprised when I saw it reported
Ithat .Senator Blease was a.t that meet
ing and had agreed to any plan for
the disposition of the present court
SI will appreciate it if you will do
Sme the kindness to publish this arti
-ele i.n as prominent place as you pub
lished that report, and if you make
Sany char~ges therefor, if you will
Spresent yMour account it will 'be
Cole. L. Blease.
P. S.-I am sending a copy of this
letter to the editor of The Herald
and News. with a similar request as
to its publieation that I m'ake of
I Did Better.
"You left off smoking because she
asked vou to.'
I And you left off drinking be
cause she asked you to?''
'And you left off swearing be
euse she asked yvon to?''
"t is a wonder to me that you
did not marry her!''
I had intended to: but when I
had oot rid of all of my bad habits
Ii fo:md I could do better.''-Mod
TILLMAN ON LIEN LAW.
Regardes it a Curse and Drawbacl
to Land Owners.
News and Courier.
Columbia. January 25.-While h
f was in the city this week, Senato
Tim'ln:an %vas asked his views on thi
lien law, and he replied:
"Merely speaking as a farmer an<
as one familiar with all condition
in South Carolina for 25 years pas
I must say that I have always. fel
thatthe lien law, while a benefit to
certain class of the poor white peo
ple, was a great dra'wback and curs
to the land owners, because it pu
them in the power of the negroes t
demand rent rather than to submi
to the supervision of the landlords
the result b"eina destruction of lani
and fertility of soil and absolute de
struction where the country was hill:
by the washing away of the soil
Labor is 2-rowing more and more de
moralized as cotton rises in price, be
cause the negroes can easily gathe
the little money they want for cloth
inz and the gratification of their ap
petites. The repeal of he law wil
injure no honest white man or n
honest negro. and it is certainly no
our business to look after the dis
One On Dr. Lee.
Recently Rev. James W. Lee sen
an old-time friend a Ifne turkey.
"My !'" exclaimed a critical young
ster, "them drumsticks is bi=
enough to beat a, bass drum. Wher
did such a turkey come from?"
HIe was told that Dr. Lee had sen
it. "The saine one wihose name is 0:
the front page of four big Bible
witlf the colored pictures in them."
By that was meant the "'Self-In
terpreting Bible," edited by Dr. Le
A newly-arrived youngster asked
"Where'd he come from'?" mean
ing the turkey.
"The man who wrote the Bibl
sent it," was the quick reply of
'Why,'' said the questioner, "Go
I wrote the Bible."
"Not the one we've got in on'
house! Dr. Lee wrote it. an' it say
so in print letters.''
Blufed the Parson.
The 'former Lord Elphin.stone'
paish minister was a very se.atte
brained theologian and in his ser
mo:ss often knew not the end fror
the heg'innng. One Sunday hi
lordship, in his customary sleepin;
eave vent to an unmistakaible snore
This was too much for the miinistel
wh stopiped anvd cried, "Wake:
my Lord El'phinstone!"
A grunt followed, and then hi
lordship an'swered, "I'm no sleep
"BRut ye are sleepin'. I wager yi
dinna ken what I said last,'' ex
claimed the pastor.
"Onu aye,'' returned the peer. "Ya
said, 'Waken, my Lord El'phinstone.
"'Aye, aye!'' said the minister
"But I wager ye dinn.a ken what.
sail last afore that.''
"Tuts,'' replied the ndblemai
promptly. I wager ye dinna ker
A gentleman owning a sugar estatt
in Demrra went out to visit it fo:
the first time, says Chambers' Jour
nal. The day after his arrival h4
stood watching t:he punts ,bringing
the cane home. A young negro bo)
who was driving the mules wishing
to increase the speed of these, strueli
one of them with his whip. The inhb
promptly responded by launching ou'
with its heels and dealth the boy
kick on t.e head, which stretehed hin
on te ground, were he lay rubbing his
woolly pate on the spot where the
kick had ,been received.
'Is he hurt'? Is he hurt'?'' eried
the panter in alarm. A full growl
nezro hearing the expressions ol
concern, sprang forward hz;it!y and
raising the mule's heels, shouted out:
"No boss! That mrule him wal'
tendah fo' a da.y or two, but him nc
Wor:-o in Linrbering Southern Ap
The ft're-ts of the Southern Appa
lachian Mountaiins have been cut s
car,e-ly for the valuable hardwood
the."- en:ain :at very li:ttle virgil
I : : : -'e:;,at 95 per cni
r :!:e .':: . :econd growth.
The drain on these forests by many
industries is immense. The lumber
men are going over the land for tha
third time. First they took only the
prime oak and popular saw timber.
Next they took the oaks that werE
suited for barrel staves. Now thee
are after whatever merehantablE
trees are left. such as birch, chest.
nut and gum.
Moreover, these forests have been
t and still are. logged vtry wastefully
Nearly three-quarters of the timbei
crit for ties is wasted. Double o]
even treble the number of ties nov
cut could readily be secured from the
same area without injury to theforest
By simply taking all the suitabh
trees. 123 ties could be cut from at
r acre which now yields 'only 60. and ii
- all the wood in the trees were fu1ll
utilized 170 additional ties per acrr
could he secured.
With mine timbers the story is thE
same. Fully 40 per cent of the
timber handled in procuring them is
Finally, fires are injuring the pro
ductiveness of the Appalachian for
ests by running over the ground ani
t killing young growth.
Circular 11S. just puiblished by thr
- Forest Service, discusses the wholE
quiestion of managing to 'better ad"
vanitage thle second growth forests
of the Appalachian region. This pub
t lication can be obtained of the For
ester at Washington.
:This is one of many of tht samE
kind from the Houstion Posit: 'Pa3
e your poll tax today, you stingy ras
eal." It is extnemely difficult tc
convince a man in Houston that th<
- privil'eges of citizenship in that tow
re worth a dollar a year.-news anc
Savannah's silence 'about prohibi
i tion meitely shows how quickly th1
wink language may be acquired.
News and Courier.
Queistion for delbate: Resolved that
in Counmbia one can't distinguish
Sokm.n; gm a Solon at a distance
of ten paces.
Nearl y all Democrats under 21 are
-for Bryan.-News .and Courier.
SPre.halHl the easiest-worked ea
mine in the world is at onzay. neai
Tonkin. It is situated in tihe side oi
a hill, and the coal is simply run out
on trucks, instead of having t.o 'bE
hauled to the surface.
''"Ha! ha! ha!'' ranted Hi Trag
mad, mad. mad!''
''"I'1ll bet,'' yelled a voice from tha
gallery, "you ain't near as mad as
,us follows that paid to get in.''
.The Catholic S'tandard and Times.
Solves a Problem.
KCoddie-I see a college presiden.t
at Auroro, Ull., has discovered that
man can subsist on ~peanuts.
Molly- If that is true you can
~et your supper at the baseball park
next summer and we can hold a
cook.-St. L:ouis Post-Dispatch.
The Measles Month.
From the Phil adelp'hia Bulletin.
"TI must lav in an extra stock of
measles remedies,'' said a doctor.
"There is a run on measles that will
continue till February and if I don't
take ca.re of my supply of measles
drugs will be exhausted.
"'Just as merchants have at cer
taini seasons runs o~n ceratin articles
-overcoats in the winter, bathing
suits in the summer and so on--so we
dotors know just what die'ase each
mo n th will bring forth.
'We prepare for dipt.heria in the
la t tihree mouths of the year.
Wooping cough is at ite maxim in
April. Hay fever has a long ru, in
the autumn. So. too have scarlet
fever and typhoid fever. Dyspepsia,
menitis. cholera morbus, malaria
-all have their special months.''
Repeal of Lein Law Now Almost
Certain.-Majority Was Very
An overwhelming vote in the house
passed Mr. Richards' bill for the re
peal of the lien law to a third read
ing Friday morning and Saturday it
was sent to the senate. While there
was not much 'ebate on the propo
sition as comipared with last year,
when the senate defeated the efforts
of Mr. Richards. still the advooates
of the lien law made some strong
arguments. The entire morning ses
sion was taken up with the bill and
no other business was done.
The bill passed was very short,
being as follows:
"Section 1. That section 3059,
volume 1, code of laws, South Caro
Ilna. 1902, relating to liens for ad
vances, be and the same is hereby
"See. 2. That all acts or parts of
acts inconsistent with this act be,
and the same are hereby repealed.
"Provided, This act shall take 'ef
fect on the first day of January, A.
On the motion to strike out the en
. acting words of the bill, made by
Mr. Sellers, the vote was as follows:
-Nays-,W.halev, Aull, Ayer, Ballen
tine, Bethune, Boyd, Brantley, Brice-,
A. G., Brice, T. S., Bryan, W. D.,
Bryan, F. M., Cannon, Carson, Car
wile, Cosgrove, Cothran, Courtney,
Croft, Culler, DeVore, Dick, Dingle,
- Dixon, Dodd, J. H., Dowling, Epps,
Frost. Gary, Gause, Gibson, W. J.,
Glaseock, Gyles, Hall, Harmian, Har
ris, Hughes, Hydrick, Johnstone,
Jones, Kellahan, Kershaw, Kirven,
Lane. Lawson, Lester, Legare, Major,
MeKeown, Mann, Miley, Miller, Mor
rell, Nash, Nesbitt, Nicholson, Niver,
Richards, Richardson, Sawyer, 'Saye,.
Scarborough, Sharpe, Slaughter,
Smith, J. E., Stillwell, Stubbs, Ta
tum, Todd, Tompkins, Vanderhorst,.
Verner, Wade, Wannamaker, Wig
gins, Wingard, Wyche, Yeldell-75.
Yeas-Bailey, Beattie, Carey, Car
rigan, Clary, Clinkscales, Derham,
Doar, Douglass. J. P. Gibson, Good
win. Harley, Harrison, Hinton, Lit
tie, MicMaster. Nichols, Norton, Par
kar. Patterson, Reaves, Rucker, Sel
1er;. K. P. Smith, Thomas, VonKol
nitz. Wallace, Wimbery-29.
Pairs--Fraser, aye, Leitner, no f
Walker, aye, Arnold, no; Robinson,
no. S.pivey, aye; Garris, aye, You
mans. no; Grie r, aye. Cox, no.
Amndments Voted Down.
The house voted dlown the proposi
-tion by 91 to 24 to make the law ef
fective at onee and by a vote of Si
to 23 voted down Mr. McMaster's
popcosition to extend the time for
the enfonceement of the repeal until
Mr. Richards believes that the act
will pass the senate by a majority of
at least four and possibly five. THe
has canvased that body thoroughly
and the repeal is certain. He will
now support the bill offered by Mr.
Hydrick, which will protect the far
mers and tenants, in that a mortgage
on a crop before it begins to grow is
forbidden. Mr. Hydrick's bill is as
"No mortgage of any crop or crops
shall be good and effective to convey
to the mortgagee any interest in any
crop or crops other than the crop or
rops to be raised during the year in
which said mortgage is given, an:1
unless the land whereon said crop or
crops are to be raised shall be de
scribed or mentioned in said mort
I aze, and unless the erop or crops
herein rerferred to shall be up and
growing at the titme of the erecution
of the mortgage.
"'That said amendment shall not
take effect until the first day of Jan
"All the little boys and airls wao
want to go to heaven,";'' a h1. Sun
day school uperintendent. "w~i!!
please risa '
All ro;' but Sinlan Snorter.
"And doesn't this little boy wain
to go to heaven?''
"Nv-o y t.-.Jd>M TsAhbary.