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.AN ANCIENT MONASTERY.
Will Seabrook Visits the Abbeye de
Montmajour-The Legend of ...
(By W. B. Seabrook.)
Special to The Herald and News.
Les Baux, France.-Three miles
from Arles. at the end of a poplar
shaded lane. surmounting the crest
of a. hill, whos-e flowery slopes are
the delight of botanists and artists
during all seasons of the year, rises
the Ancienne Abbeye de Montmajour.
This venerable monastery., founded by
Saint Cesaire in the sixth century,
survived the stormy period during
-which Provence was ravaged by ra
pacious robber lords, 'and 'eventually
became the largest religious commun
ity in southern France. Its name is
intimately connected with the real
and legendary history of the Midi
during the Middle Ages, and the
dramas enacted within its walls form
ed a favorite theme for mediaeval
trouba,dours and poets. Among the
ancient i'emances preserved in the
library of manuscripts at Avignon,
one encounters frequently the follow
ing phrase. usually terminating some
tale of unrequited love.' "Ainsi il se
rendit moine a Montmajour." (So he
'became a monk at Montmajour.)
The concierge, or guardian, of the
-abbeyis a dear little woman. whose
tiny, wrinkled face beamed with
pride and pleasure when she learned
from my questions that I was already
somCwhat familiar with the wonder
fil past of "her monastery."
Armed with a bunch of gigantie
keys and followed by a yellow dog
a solemn, silent beast, whose tem
perament had evidently been affect
ed by countless promenades in mon
kish cells and cloisters, not to men
tion the fact, which I discovered by
,chance, that it was his regular cus
'tom, when thirsty, to drink the holy
water from a. dismantled baptismal
font in the court-yard-we entered
the chapter hall and descended into
the crypts, a series of chambers hrawn
in the living rock, from which rise
the columns supporting the colossal
superstructure. Nowhere,. -except at
M<ynt Saint Michel, have I seen such
heavy pillars, such noble, massive
arches. Most of the subterranean
apartments had served as chapels,
anottuary vaults, or simple store
rooms, but there was one dismal cay
ern that had, beyond question. been
'a prison and torture chamber; its lo
cality is too definitely indicated in
the chronicles of the abbey to leave
:any doubt; roughly carved in the
roeky wall, there still exists the fa
'mous ''lit de penitence,'' a coffin
shaped bed of stone, with the bottom
intentionally left irregular and jagged
-upon which the unhappy prisonet
was chained, at full length, and left
for days at a time to ''meditate'' up
on his sins. The holes through which
the chains were passed are still in
After visiting the donjon tower and
the .beautifu-lly sculptured cloistei,
-during which excursion the conci-erge
:andi I had become fast friends, we
'repaired to her kitchen, and she pro
<-duced a bottle of rich, golden wine.
manufactured with the aid of herbs
:and simples gathered on adjacent hill
sides. We had been talking of the
curious traditions clustering around
the abbey, and while we drank out
e)rdial, the good dame. ehuckling ov
er some evidently amusing recollec
tion launched into the story, which 1
will .endeavor to recount. Variations
of the same tale, I have learned, are
:mingled with the legends of several
-other abbeys in Province, and Al
phonse Da-udet has given one of them
a piace among his humorous contes,
but I douxbt if t-he curious recital
-which follows has ever found its way
.into English print.
Thpring a certain epoch, says the
legend, the county round-about was,
kept in a state of terror by
marapding -bandits, and the helpless
farmers of the districts, more intent
on saving their mortal skins than
their immortal souls, began to stake
their afith upon the sword of some
powerful pirotecting baron rather than~
on the crucifix of the good father- ab
hot. As a consequence, the monastery
fell upon hard times-, the poor monks
*watched in vain for the procession of
d onkeys which had formerly wound
i ts way up from the valley, loaded
dith itithes of grain and oil and
sinig; Yasfing 'became a necessity
rather than a virtue, and every day
was Friday for the hungry brethren;
the bells rang for mass, but nobody
came; broken window panes were left
-anrepaired, and soon winter winds
-were whistling through -the chilly cor
- idors, putting out the tapers on the
altar and blowing 'the holy water
from its shallow basin to scatter it
upon the shivering bare legs of the
Driven to desparation, the unfor
*nmate men of God 'began to take
eounsel among themselves if it were
not better to disperse i order that
each might seek for himself more
fertile pastures. It was while this
grave question was being discussed ini
the assembly room-the very chap
ter hall through which I had just ]
Ipassed with the conscierge and her
ipious dog--that Frere Miron timidly .i
appeared in the doorway and begged
permission to be heard. Now Frere
Miron was the cowherd of the com
munity, a simple soul, kind of heart
and thick of head, who had never
penetrated deeply into the holy mys
teries, and whose duties consisted
solely of driving his cows to pasture
and reciting his pater nosters. But
his cows had all been eaten, and his
pater nosters had grown wearisome
by force of continued repetition.
Finding himself without occupation,
he set himself to thinking-probably
for the first time in his hitherto
tranquil life, and finally, by dint of
thumping upon his shaven bu!et
head, had hit upon an idea, an idea
Jthat 'he was about to communicate to
Ithe assembly and which was destined
to deliver the community from pover
At an early age, said he, he had
been confided to the care of an aged
aunt, an Ald she-goat, who knev. the
secret virtue of every herb on the'
mountain-side and who possessed the
unwritten formula of an incompara
ble cordial which she manufactured I
by mixing six or seven of these sim
n a t
ples. With the aid of Sainte Marie
and the permission of the father ab
bot, Frere Miron believed he could I
recollect the formula of that my-ter- f
ions liquor, it could be' bAtt!ed, sold
at a good price, and soon MGunajor f
would be as rich as ChartreuLs- or La r
Trappe. The abbot fell u; on his neck t
and wept, and the brethr:n. not de
terred by certain stains and odors re
miniscent of the barnyard, kissed the o
hem of his threadbare robe.-after
which Frere Miron hied him to the
At the end of six months the mar
velous elixir was on every shelf from t
Arles to Baux, the monks were fat. I
and Frere Miron, the cowherd. who 1
had now become th-e Rev-,eni Pere
Miron, was shut up all. day in an C
abandoned chapel, which had been
converted into a distillery while a
score of monks scoured the moun
tainside for herbs and simples. All
But one evening during vespers- A
Fere Miron entered the chreh in a I
state of extraordinary agitation, I
lurchinz from side to side like a sail- I
or. wetting his arm up to the elbow
in the holy water~ and bowing bef-r e I
the organ instead of the R.w Dur
mng the psalm. in lieu of chamnting the I
usual response-he laun m~ed into a I
rollieking, licentious ballad. Tie r'ev- A
erend father than toppled over on A
the floor and was dragged t.o his e::? A
by the neck and heels. summaril;, but
respectfully 'withal, as .vas befitting t
for the saviour of the community. 3
The ~next morning he confesszd i
Tipsy on his own liquor. The victim ~
of his own invention. The~ father ab- F
bot seratched his head. mneditated 0.4
the splendid revenues which were P
pouring into the monastery treasury, 0
and granted his unqualified absolu- n
tion. The case was simple. said he.
Pere Miron was compelled to taste the
liquor in order to give it the proper
flavoir. and he had east rd too free'v;
henceforth it woik be neessary to
count the drops. Voila tout.. But in
order to forestall trouble he excused S
Pere Miron from atte in r espers mn
Like Frankinstein. Pere Miron
found him~self overpowered by the
creature he had brought in to being.
He prayed .and wrestled with the d
temptation,..and in the and he count- 0
ed by goblets and not by drops. Sev
eral weeks rolled by, .and then, one
evening, he staggered into the chap- I
ter hall where all the monks were as
semnbled to render their accounts to
the father abbot. "It is finahd,"
cried the unhappy Miron. "Not an-.
other drop r>f this accursed liquor will C
I distill. Its odor has driven from ~
my mind the fear of perdition. I have C
become a disgraceful drunkard, and
have been preparing for myself an
eternity of flames ."
"And what is to become of us, if
our only source of revenue is cut
off ?" cried his brethren. ''You will
ruin the monastery.'"
"Do you prefer that I damn my
eternal soul?" responded Pere Mir
But the father abbot was equal to
"It is only in the evening that thre
demon tempts you?" he asked.
"WVell, henceforth every evening
after vespers we will recite in your
behalf the Oraison de St. Augnstin.
which has the virtue of granting ab
solution during the commission of the
Eoah dlay therafter Pere Mirn
listilled his marvelous elixir, and
!ach evening fell a victim to its se
luetive odor, while this invocation
tseended from the lips of his thank
"0 Lord, we pray for our poor
ather Miron, who is sacrificing his
;oul in the interest of the commun
BLUE RIDGE SCHEDULES.
No. 18, leaves Anderson at 6.30 a.
n., for connection at Belton with
southern for Greenville.
No. 12, from Walhalla, leaves Ar
lerson at 10.15 a. m., for connection
it Belton with Southern Railway for
3olumbia and Greenville.
No. 20, leaves Anderson at 2.20
>. m., for connections at Belton with
5outhern Railway for Greenville.
No. 8, daily except Sunday, from
ffalhalla arrives Anderson 6.24 p.
a., with connections at Seneca with
5outhern Railway from points south.
No. 10, from Walhalla, leaves An
erson at 4.57 p. m., for connections
t Belton with Southern Railway for
xreenville and Columbia.
No. 17, arrives at Anderson at 7.5)
.., from Belton with connections
No. 9, arrives at Anderson at 12.24
. m., from Belton with connections
rom Greenville and Columbia. Goes
No. 19, arrives at Anderson at 3.40
iM., from Belton with connections
No. 11, arrives at Anderson at
.29 p. m., from Belton with con
ections from Greenville and Colum
ia. Goes to Walhalla.
No. 7, daily except Sunday, leaves
Lnderson at 9.20 a. m., for Walhalla,
ith connections at Seneca for local
Nos. 17, 18, 19, and 20 are mixed
rI'ns between Anderson and Belton.
Nos. 7 and 8 are local freight
rains, carrying passengers, between
Lnderson and Walhalla and between
Valhalla ane Anderson
HAMLESTON & WESTERN CAR
Schedule in effect May 31, 1908.
v. Newberry(C N & L) 12:56 p.m.
r. Laurens 2:02 p.m.
v. Laurens (C & W C) 2:35 p.m.
r. Greenville 4:00 p.ni.
v. Laurens 2:32 p.m.
r. Spartanburg 4:05 p.m.
v. Spartanburg (So. Ry.) 5:00 p.m.
r. Hendersonville 7:45 p.m.
r. Asheville 8:50 p.m.
v. Laurens (C & W C) 2:32 p.m.
r. Greenwood 3:32 p.m.
r. McCormick 4:33 p.m.1
r. Augusta 6:15 p.m.
Tri-Weekly Parlar Car line be
ween Augusta and Asheville. Trains
os. 1 and 2, leave Augusta Tuesdays,
hursdays and Saturdays, leave
sheville Mondays, Wednesdays and
Note: Thre above arrivals and de
artures, as w-all as connections with,
ther companies, are given as infor
ation, and are not guarantead.
Gen. Pass. Agt.,
Geo. T. Bryan,
Greenville, S. C.,
HERIFF'S DELINQUENT TAX:
TATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
County of Newberry.1
By virtue of an execution to mei
irected by Jno. L. Epps, Treasurer i
f Newberry county, I will sell on
[onday, the 4th day of January,
909 (Salesday), within the legal 1
ours of sale, at Newberry Court1
[ouse, the following property for de-]
nquent taxes for the year 1907, viz:
A traet of land in Reeder Town
hip No. 5, assessed to L. C. Sheeley,
ontaining one hundred and thirty
eres more or less. bounded by lands
f Dorothy Davis, W. F. Kelly and
Terms of Sale-Cash. Purchaser
o pay for papers.
M. M. Buford,
Sheriff N. C.
Sheriff's Office, Dec. 12, 1908.
NEWBERRY U1HON STATION.
Arrival and Departure of Passenger
Trains-Effective 12.01 A. M.
Sunday, June 7th, 1908.
~n. 15 for Gre'enville .. . . .57a.m
NTo. -18 for Columbia .. .. 1.40 p.m
NTo. 11 for Greenville .. . .3.20 p.m
To. 16 for Columbia . ....8.47 p.m
C., N. & L. Ry.
No. 22 for Columbia .. ..8.47 a.m.
NTo. 52 for Greenville .. 12.56 p.m.
z. 53 fo. Columbi . . . ..3.20 p.m.
No. 21 for Laurens .. . .7.25 p.m.
Does not ran on Sunday
Th!; n:e aa show th,.(e times at
which trains may be expected to de
part from this station, but their de
parture is not guarant-eed and the
time shown is subject to change with
G. L. Rc.inson,
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF NEWBERRY.
In the Probate Court.
M. A. Carlisle and John C. Goggans,
Executors of the la- -ill and testa
ment of W. W. 6yaarman, deceased,
Etta R. Spearman, et al., Defend
Complaint for Sale of Land.
By order of the Court herein, I will
sell at public auction, to the highest
bidder at Newbesrry Court House,
during the legal hours of sale, on Mon.
day, th-e fourth day of January, 1909,
all that tract of land, lying and being
situate in the County and State afore
said, containing three hundred and
thirty seven, (337) acres, more or
ess, and bounded by lands of D. M.
Ward, Sam Nance, Walter S. Spear
[nan, Mrs. Maggio-, Longshore and Mrs.
E. L. Spearman.
Terms of Sale: One-third of the
purchase money to be paid in cash,
the balance on a credit of one and two
years, the credit portion to be secui
ad by a mortgage of the premises sold.
with interest thereon from the date of
sale at the rate of eight per cent. per
annum, the said mortgage to provide
Cor attorneys fees in case of foreclos- I
are; with leave to purchaser to antici
pate payments eithei in whole or in
part, the purchaser to pay for papers
and the recording of the s.iid mort
F. M. Schumpert,
Judge of Probate.
Newberry, S. C., Dec. 14, 1908.
PORTLAND, MAINE, CHILD
C1, Weak and Emaciated, Re
stored to Health by Vinol
"Our little daughter, six years of age,
Lfter a severe attack of the measles,
hich developed into pneumonia, was
left pitifully thin, weak and emaciat
d. She had no appetite, and her stom
,ch was so weak it could not retain
ood. She lay in 'this condition for
weeks, and nothing the doctor pre
3cribed did a bit of good, and we were
aeginning to think she would never re
"At this time we commenced to give
er Vinol, and the effeettwas marvel
>us. The doctor was amazed at her
progress, and when we told him we
were giving her Vinol, he- replied, 'It
s a fine remedy, keep it up.' We did
so, and she recovered her health and
strength months before the doctor
hought she could." J. W. Flagg,
Vinol cures conditions like this be
:ause in a natural manner it increases
the appetite, tones up the digestive
>rgans, makes rich, red blood, and
trengthens every organ in the body.
William E. Peiham & Son,
Newberry, S. C.
Regulating the Transportation of
Be it ordained by the Mayor and
Adermen of the Town of Newberry,
3. C., in Council assembled and by au
:hority of the same:
Section 1. That from and after the
>ublication of this Ordinance all
neats en route from slaughter-house
; market must be completely covered
iderneath and above with clean
vhite cloths and must be carried int
rehiles and meats shall at all times
ye subject to inspection by the police
nen and members of the Board of
Sec. 2. Any person or persons vio-I
ating the provision of this Ordinance
~hall for each offense be punished by
fine not exceeding fifty dollars or
y imprisonment not exceeding thirty
Done and ratified under the corpor
ate seal of the Town of New
berry, S. C., this the seventh
(Seal) day of October, 1908.
J. J. Langford,
Attest: Mayor of Newberry.
Eug. S. Werts,
Clerk and Treasurer.
NOTICE TO CREDITORS.
All persons having claims against
the Electric Laundry Company of
Newberry will render in their claims
on or before the 18th day of January,
1909. on which date. at 11 o'clock in?
the forenoon, a reference will be held
in the offices of Blease & Dominick
for the purpose of winding up the at
fairs of the said corporation.
Fred. H. Dominick,
We confess it.
hand, we know
fied in asking yc
We offer you
found in a mode
Open an accour
We Pay 4 Per C
Our Savings I
J. D. DAVENPORT,
M. L. SPEARMA
IS STILL O
AT VERY LI
$12.00 to $15.1
duced to $1O.C
erTo get ACQUAINTED with yo
e HYTONE V
The Whiskey that
t@ We will give absolutely FRE
SA $1.00 Safety Razor Bla
S with every case containing
h HYTONE V
FOR $3.20 EXI
Guaranteed to please or money
~ 7 anve Sre T
On the other
we are justi
en*. Interest In
E. R. H IPP,
JO Coats re
i and to INTRODUCE our
tands all Tests
E your choice of either
r Razor or
de Strop and Stropper ~
4 full quart bottles of
)E NOW for the Holidays.
RIBUTING CO. 9