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AN AFFAIR OF HONOR AT
* SAND BAR FERRY. *
(From lie A iusta Chronicle of Dec.
A short paragraph appeared in the
ChrUnicle yesterlay morning an
nIneing that a duel which had been
on the tapis' between Messrs. C. D.
Tilly and George E. Rateliffe. of this
cit. had been settled. Such was the
impression at a late hour Wednesday
night, it being pretty generally known
th"at a challenge which had been Pas
ed had been withdrawn. But as the;
sequel showed this withdrawal was
only temporary. and the affair ended
in a hostile meeting at Sand Bar Fer
ry yesterday afternoon.
The entire affair was kept very
quiet, and it was not until the after
noon of Wednesday that a half dozen
persons, exclusive of thpse interest
ed. knew anything about it. The
principals are both young gentlemen
well known in this community. Mr.
Tilly is a member of the firm of
Harris and Tilly, commission mer
ehants, Mr. Rateliffe is a cotton brok
-er of the firm of George E. Rateliffe
& Co. Mr. Tilly is a native of Ire
land and Mr. Rateliffe is a Mary
lander. Bot>h have resided in Augusta
for several years.
The Origin of the Difficulty.
As far as we can learn, the trou
ble grew out of some offensive re
ports repeated by Mr. Rateliffe in
reference to Mr. Tilly, affecting the
latter's character as a gentleman.
These reports coming' to the ears of!
Mr. Tilly last Tuesday he at once
wrote a note to the author. Mr. Rat
cliffe replied immediately, refusing
to give the -name. Mr. Tilly then
sent a challenge through his sfriend,
Mr. J. W. Har-.s, to Mr. Rateliffe.
The iatter designated Mr. W. H.
Chew as his friend, the challenge was
accepted, and an agreement made to
meet at Sand Bar Ferry, on the;
South Carolinft side of the river, at
daylight Wednesday morning. Mr.
Ratcliffe having the choice of wea
pons. selected Colt's navy six shoot
ters. The distance at which the
principa!s were to stand from each
and deliver their fire was ten paces.
The seconds were to toss up for the;
word. Everyt,hing was soon arrang
ed, and carriages to take the party to
the ground' engaged. The matter had.
progressed with the greatest secrecy.
Nobody but the principals, the sec
onds and a very few friends of the re
spective principals knew anything'
about it. These friends determined
to bring about a peaceable solution
of the difficutly if possible. and four
oft them resolvinz themselves into a
board of honor, hreld a consultation
and persuaded Mr. Harris to with
draw the challenge for twenty-four
hours. Mr. Harris complied with
the request and it was this temiporary
withdrawal that created the impres
*sion that the whole matter had been*
settled. Btu nothing was effected
and at ten o'clock Wednesday night
'the cha-llenge was renewed and an
*agreement made to meet at the
grounds originally designated-a
field on 'the Sout.h Carolina side of
the Savannah river, about half a
mile from Sand Bar Ferry. at ~3
o'cloc'k p.. mn.. Thursday.
The sp$chosen is almost as his
torie~ a dueling ground, as Bladens
bu'rg. It was close a.t hand that Red
killed Copeland in one of the most
sangui nary duels on record. It was
within a stone's throw that othea
c'ontests of a less bloody termina
tion took pla.ee. Sand Bar Ferry is
the "Ultima Thule" in all affairs
ander t'1he code of honor in this sec
tion of the country, in fact combat
ants from the interior of the State
and from South Carolina have met
there. The particular locality se
leeted on this occasion was a large.
field to the east of the Ferry road,'
the rail fence on tihe western side
running along the highway. The'
field itself is just on the brow of tthe
hill beyond an old tumble-down mill.
A few small houses once, and per
haps now. occupied by negroes, are
'oni thme west of the r'oad. The sp9t is
perh'aps not quite half a mile from
Yesterday morning the question
was frequently asked about the.
streets. "Has the duel been settled?"
As stated above the impression was
very general that it had been settled'
and only a few had any idea tliat a
meeting was to take place~ at three
o'clock. But tahe carriages contain
ing the principals and seconds, who
went out about half past one o'clock
were observed going down Carolina
Avenue and in a short time a number
of persons knew what was about to
As previously mentioned the par
ties went out early in the afternoon.
They proceeded immediately to the
grmnnd and set about arranging the
ing been repeated by you. makes it
obligato upon me to demand of
you your authority. What these
charges are 'tis useless for me to
mention, as I am confident im must
be aware of their nature. I pro
nounce these charges as base, false
and malicious. and I will hold any
man responsible for the further re
peating of the slander.
Chas. D. Tilly.
Mr. Ratcliffe's Reply.
Augusta, Dec. 14, 1875.
C. D. Tilly, Esq., Augusta, Ga.
Sir-Your note of yesterday's
date by the hand of Captain W. Dan
iel was duly received. The rumors
you refer to came to my ears in the
shape of a common report, and as
such repeated by me, so that the dif
ficulty that would attend an effort
of the kind compels me to refuse to
eity you any special authority. The
last paragraph of your note is so
general in its character, and based
so entirely upon contingencies that
may arise in the future, that I do not
feel called upon to answer it
Geo. E. Rateliffe
Mr. Tilly's Second Note.
Augusta, Dec. 14, 187i.
Sir-Your note of this date,
through Capt. Daniel adds insult to
injury. I 'have to demand satisfac
tion for the wrong you have done me.
This will be handed you by my friend,
Mr. He rris.
Chas. D. TillY.
Mr. Ratcliffe's Reply.
Augusta, Dec. 14. 1875.
C. D. Tilly, Esq., Augusta, Ga.
Sir-Your note by the hands of I
W. Harris. Esq., has been duly receiv
ed. Your demand for satisfactior
for the affront you seem to think ]
have placed upon you shall be dulb
accorded. My friend, Mr. M. R
Chew, will arrange all preliminaries
Geo. E. Rateliffe.
The Proposition for a Postponemen1
of Twenty-four Hours.
Augusta, Ga., Dec. 15, 1875.
As disinterested parties and friends
we submit the proposition that th
pending matter be left in abeyance
and the correspondence be withdrawr
for twenty-four hours.
C. W. Doughty,
J. M. Turpin,
. WV. Daniel,
Z. W. Carwile, Jr.
I consent to the withdrawal of th<
correspondence in the abov~e mattei
on the part of my principal.
J. W. Harris.
I consent to the withdrawal of th<
correspondence on the part of Geo
E. Rateliffe, my principal.
W. H. Chew.
Between Mr. Chew on the p)art o:
IMr. Rateliffe, and Mr. Harris on -the
part of Mr. Tilly is
1st. That meeting take place al
Sand Bar Ferry at 3 p. in., Decembei
2nd. Weapon used six inch nava
I3rd. Distance ten paces.
4th. Toss up has the giving o:
1Fhe word or choice of position.
5th. Fire between the word
"fire'' and "stop''-no shooting tc
be done before "fire'' or aftel
6th. Four friends only on eaci
side allowed to be invited to the
W. H. Chew.
J. W. Harris.
(From the Augusta Chroniele of De.
eember 18, 1875.)
The recent melancholy occurrence
near this city affords another illus
-tration of the folly as well *as th-e
wickednes of duelling.
(Augusta Constitutionalist. Saturday,
R eprint in Chronicle Dec. 19, 1875.)
IHas the mortal wounding or death
of any one man disproved the charges
against thim, or at all compensated
him for what he has to surrender
life, health, lope, youth and many
things wh1ielh constitute his physical
happiness? Has the survivor better
ed his case any? Now that his op
p)onent iS stretched upon01 a beCd ot
pa.in. which is also a bed of death,
does he feel quite as happy as he dia
Sweek aao ? We are confident he
does not *** It is the concur
rent opinion of the most enlightened
minds of every land that outside of
the tragic nature of the case, duet
ling as a remedy for wounded honor
is a foolish and unsatisfaetory pro
In an address made at the funeral,
Rev. W. W. Clark.'2sta ted:
We ought to feel ashamed, de
pressed penitent, that the condition
of society among our people is such
as to make that event possible.
(From the Augusta Chronicle of Dec.
We know of no instance where a
case of duelling has been tried in
Ithe voirts of tis (;"lnntrY. The la-v
ample to birealk up a iri:wfnee a,
rn,cll ns t is illo.gical, but fhe law ha.
never .;aid before. public opilnion
must correct the evil and until pub
lie opinion ontlens duelling the
law will be of no a ail.
(Extract of letter Vrom Justice
December 22. 1875.)
Remorse fill.s the heart of the per
petrator of the deed, and although
o1u anguish cannot wqiial his, let
each one to whom this may apply
ask hiraself if remorse does not fill
his heart when he thinks of the
grievous "sin of omission." The
writer of this is not guiltless, and
therefc,re shares the vengeance of
bitter regret with many others.
(From Augusta Chronicle of Dec. 22,
Epidemics of crime are as common
as epidemics of disease. * * * If
a man in New York shuffles off the
mortal coil by the aid of Paris green
ha sets an example which slays a
score of men, between the Hudson
and the Rio Grande. * * * Let
us hope that duelling Purnishes an
exception to the general rule. It
seemed to us that the recent melan
choly oceurrence near the city would
hav% made men give their anger
pause and reflect before they repeat
a trAgcdy whose horror has thrilled
a whole community. And yet, scarce
1v is the victim of the last ''affair
of honor" in his grave before other
parties eome to -the city seeking re
Idre;s for real of fancied grievances
at the pistol's mouth. Fortunately
in the last instance, the officers of
the law interefed, and there is rea
son to believe that another tenant
will noi be furnished for a bloody
grave. Can nothing be done to stop
these things? Is the law ineffec
tual: a-re the officers of the law pow
erless? We cannot believe the one
thing or the other. The law is am
ple; its officers should be vigilant.
The sharp cautery of the courts
must stop the further progress of
this deadly disease.
NOTCE O NA SETLEEN
-0 (D Cn~
i) s- h give't
the qualified administrtor of B. H.
,Amick, deceased, will make a final
settlement of the estate of said B. R.
Amiek, deceased, in the Court of Pro
bate for Newberry county, on Wed
nesday, January 13th, 1909, and im
mediately thereafter apply to the
said court for letters dismissory as
administrator of said deceased. All
persons holding claims against said
estate will present the same duly at
tested on or before that date, and all
persons indebted to said estate will
J. J. Amick,
The best known remedy for burns,
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S Without Music?
Don't say, "can't afford an ORGAN or
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wXe supply the sweet Tfuned. Durable
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consistent with quality.
w.rite at onceo for 'Catalogues. Prices
and T erms. to the old Estahl shed
SMalone's Music House,
NOTICE TO CREDITORS.
All persons having claims against
the Electric Laundry Company of
Newberry will render in their claims
on or before the I8'th day of January,
1909. on which date, at 11 o'clock in
the forenoon. a- reference will be held
in the offices of BTease & Dominick
for the purpose of winding up the af
fairs of the said corporation.
Fred. I. Dominick,
necessary preliminaries. In the toss
up. Mr. Harris, Mr. Tilly's second,
w1n the word or choice of position.
He selected the former. The point of
mectinc in the field was near the ex
treme eastern end, abE it 100 yards
from the road. About a quarter to
three several earriages and big-iej
with g-entleien from the city began
to arrive, and in about thirty minutes
there were about thirty persons on
the ground. At 3 o'clock punctually
the seconds with their r incipals
moved off from the group near the
carriages at the northeastern extre
mity of the field, and advanced to
the designated point. The seconds
then placed their principals in posi
tion. Mr. Tilly stood nearer the
fence on the eastern side. facing the
west. Mr. Rateliffe stood opposite,
ten paces distant, facing the east. The
sky was overcast with clouds, and
the sun was not visble. After plae
ing the principals the seconds step
ped aside. Mr. Harris then in a dis
tinct voice anounced that he would
ask, "Gentlemen, are you ready?"
and immediately won'ld give thb
word "Fire, one, two, three, stop."
They were to fire between the words
"fire" and "stop," and not after
wards. Each paTty was to fire onea
only. This explanation over, Mr.
"Gentlemen, Are You Ready?"
Mr. Ratcliffe answered ''ready.'
Mr. Tilly said nothing. Both men
were remarkably cool and collected.
Mr. Tilly rolled up a cigarette a few
moments before and Mr. Ratcliffe on
taking position quietly kicked out of
the way a stick or clump of grass.
Neither appeared to be in the least
degree nervous. Each displayed a
cool bravery' which was commented
upon by all present. Both wore dark
clothes. Mr. Harris gave the "Fire!
one, two, three, stop." Both fired
between the words "fire'" and
"one.'' The two shots appeared to
be simultaneous, though the impres
sion was that Mr. Ratcliffe fired
slightly before Mr. Tilly. Still they
were so close together it was impos
sible to -tell. Each second walked up
to his principal. It was first thought
by the spectators that neither had
been hit. Both stood perfectly col
lected. But soon after Mr. Harris
went up .to Mr. Tilly, the latter put
his right hand, whieh still grasped
the pistol, to his side, leaned heavily
against Mr. Harris and his head gra
dually sank upon that gentleman's
shoulder.. It was then known that he
had been struck. As soon as Mr.
Harris went up to Mr. Tilly the lat
ter demanded another +'ire, but Mr.
Harris, who perceived that his prin
cipal had been seriously wounded and
would be unable to stand up to de-.
liver another fire. declared that as
blood had been drawn the require
ments of the code had been complied
with, and Mr. Tilly himself not being
in a condition to proceed further. the
matter must terminate. He ihere
fore auounced to Mr. Chew, Mr.
Ratcliffe 's second, that the duel had
Messrs. Ratcliffe and Chew then
walked off, the former got int3 his
carriage and .eame to the city. Aftei
Mr'. Chew had put his principal in
the carriage he 'returned to where
Mr. Tilly was, eordiall:. grasped his
hand and regretfed that he had been
wvounded. Mr: Tillv''s friends ar
ranged a number of 'aushionis in is
carriage, lifted him into the vehicle
and placed him upon them. Mr. Til
lv. who had been shot in the right
side, just above the hip, was now con
siderably prostrated. The carriage
was driven slowly across the field to
the road. As it reached the highway
it was met by Dr. DeSaussure Ford.
Upon meeting the carriage with Mr.
Tilly, Dr. Ford jumped out of his
buggy, got into the carriage with the
wounded man, and administered re
storatives. The carriage was then
driven slowly to the city. Mr. Tilly
was carried to his room at Mrs. De
L:i.ile 's, corner of Greene and Monu
ment streets, 'where he had been
barding. He was in a semi-con
seious8 condition and was conveyed in
to the honise on a streteher.
The ball entered, as stated above,
the right side j)ust ab)ove the hip and
lodged under the skini on the left side.
It was extracted by Dr. Ford soon af
ter Mr. Tillv was carried into the
house. It was thought to be of a very
serious nature. The wounded man
was doing as well as could be ex
pected at a late hour.
The affair has eaused a feeling of
profound regret in tihe com.munity.
The following is the correspond
ence in full which passed between the
Mr. Tilly's First Note.
Augusta, December 13, 1873.
Geo. E. Rateliffe, Esq.
Sir-Rumors detrimental to my
character coming to my ears as hay
i Wednesday Mi
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