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VOL XLVI NO. 7 NEWBERRY. TWICE A WEEK. $1.50 A YEAR
THE WORK Of THE
NO TEST VOTE SO FAR ON PRO
Number of Important Measures Have t
Been Introduced in Each I
Columbia, Jan. 21.-While the sen
ate has been in session every day this
week. the house did not reconvene un- 1
til Wednesday, having adjourned un- I
til that time on account of the anm
versary of the birth of General Rob
ert. E. Lee, which is a legal holiday I
in .this- State. On Wednesday very.
little routine business could be trans- s
acted in either house on account of If
the inaugural ceremonies. A number c
of important measures have been pro- a
posed in eaoh house, however. As Y
soon as the election of a successor to 1
Chief Justice Pope has been dispos
ed of, and, if one of the associate i
justices should be chosen, as seems e
likely, a successor to' the associate
justice who may be made chief jus
tiee, there will be nothing to inter
fere with the Toutine work of the ses
sion, and both houses will work with
a view of getting through at the ear- t
liest date possibla.
The Winauguiration ceremonies,
which -were held on Wednesday af
ternoon at 1 o'clock, in the hall of
the house of repiesentatives, are re
ferred to more fully in another col
umn of The Herald and News today.
The Prohibtion Measures.
No vote which could be considered t
a test had been taken in either house
,P to this morning on the various t
' rPT'ohibition measures which have
been irtroduced in both houses look
ing towards State-wide prohibition,
to go into effect on July L The com
mittee appointed by the State Bap
tist convention has drawn up a peti
tion, to be presented through Repres
entatives Chas. A. Smith and M. L.
Smith., who are membe.rs of the com
mittee, and a petition from 2,214 vot
ers of Anderson county asking that a
prohibition law be enacted. was re
-ceived by the senate. The first test
vote on ther question is being looked
forward to with a great deal of in
terest. It appears that those who
favor a State-wvide prohiT>tion law te
be enacted at this session of the gen
eral assembly, to go into effect in the
near future-,July 1, 1909, is the date
decided upon--will be lined up
against those, of whatever opinion on
the temperance question, who do not
believe it wise to enact a State-wide
prohibition law at this session. In
the latter class are some prohibition
ists who believe that the eause of pro
hibition would be 'better advanced by
letting things ~alone for the present,
urging the prohibition -campaigns in
the separate counties; oth-rs who fav
or a referendam to the people: othet
membe.rs of the legislature who be
lieve in local option, and others who
are opposed to prohibition as un-De
mocratic. The State-wide prohibi
tionists, however, are making a very
viorouis fight, and are well organiz
Voting in Primari.es.
Mr. McMahan introduced 1i bill in
the .house on Wednesday pr)vli
that those voting in primaries shall
be required to produce a regi ertian]
certifica:te and a tax receip- before
bing allowed to vote in any j'rLn::Y.
It seems probable that the fight
for compulsory education will be con
tinued at this session. While comnpul
sorv education may not conme at this
session, it is bound to come. and the
friends of the measure are determin
ed to make an active fight for it at
this time, and to continue the fight.
Mr. Fultz introduced a compulsory
education bill in the house on Wed
Supreme Court Building and Gover
Senator Mauldin. of Greenville, in
troduced in the senate on Wednesday
a joint resolution providing cLat a'
commission. consisting of two~ memn
ers of the senate, to be appointed hy
tie president of the senate, and three
members of the house, to be appoinr
ad by the speaker. he created to take
under .onsideration the recommenda
tion in the message of the governo:
aith reference to the erection of a
nilding for the supreme court and a
iansion for the governor, and to re
ort at the next session the probable
ost of such buildings and make such
uggestions and findings as they deem
roper; each nember to receive per
iem and expenses of travel while ac
Lially engaged in such work, the reso
ation appropriating $500. if so much
e necessary, for said per diem and
State Officers' Salaries.
There was considerable discussion
2 the senate on Wednesday on the
ill to increase the salaries of the
tate ofieers. By a vote of 18 to 16
he sena-te refused to continue the
ill to tie next session.
The motion to postpone until next
ession was a test vote which was de
eated by only two majority. A
hange of one vote would have made
tie. The senator from Newberry
oted against the motion an I foi the
nrease of salaries.
The bill as the committee amended
t, the said amendments being adopt
d by the senate, provides for a sal
try of $4,000 for the governor of
outh Carolina. The original bill
alled for $5,000 salary. The gover
or now gets $3,000, and it was :tat
d upon the floor of the senate that
he chief executive of the State very
ften spends about $1,000 more than
his a year, so that it should be pro
-ided for him some adequate compen
ation to meet necessary expenses.
The committee in amending the bill
;truck out all provisions for clerks
Lnd secretaries, it being the sense of
he committee that these are to be
)rovided in the annual appropria
ions, and should not be made a sta
;utory provision. The same is true of
he governor's secretary's salary.
The other provisons of the bill,
vith amendments, by the committee
tre as follows !
Seeretary of State, $2.500 in bill;
is passed with amendment, $2.230.
- ComptrolYer generaL amended -to
2,250 from $2,500, as in bill.
State treasurer to receive $2,250
nstead of $1,900, as now, (same be
ng true of all other State officers,
vhose salaries are increased to $2,.
!0) instead of .V2,500, as provided in
he original bill.
State superintendent of education,
alary as amended, $2,250.
Adjutant and inspector general,
2,000 salary. This was raised from
1,900. A motion was made to in
rease the assistant adjutant and in
~pector general's salary to $1,450 in
stead of as now, $1,350, and this was
ost by an aye and nay vote as fol
ows: Ayes, 22; nays, 14.
Attorney general, salary increased
~vith $2,250, as in case of other State
Assistant attorney general 's salary
s $1,800. by the bill.
The provisons for all clerks, as
stated, are stricken out by the com
ittee, and so adopted by the senate.
There was an effort to decrease the
alarv of the insurance commissioner
from $2,300 to $2,250, but it was ex
plained that th-is salary comes from
the insurance companies, and on a
test vote the salary was left at $2,.
00. The salary of the superintend
ent of the penitentiary was raised
from $1,900 to 2,250. The senate
bill provides that the increase shal]
take effect =after the general electior
in 1910. The bill was passed to a
third reading by a vote of 26 to 12.
Senator Graydon, of Abbeville, ha:
introuced a bill providing that th(
legaI r-ate for carrying pasngr ir
this State by all railroad companIia
over forty miles in length si ai bt
two and a hialt c-ents per mile, com
pted by the shortest ro)ute and nc
other, and in case the railroads shal:
put on sale any form of mileagp
books at said rate, or less, the presen
tation of the correct number of miles
by the shortest route, out of sait
book to the conductor or other officei
authorized to take up tickets, shal:
entitle the person holding said mil
eage books to travel on the trains o:
any roaid selling said mileage, and up
on presentation of his -nileage to any
agent of said company to have hi:
baggage checked as now provided by
Mr. Dixon has also introdu:ced ir
the house a bill providing for a tw(
and( one-half cents passenger. rate.
Bill have -as been introduced ii
the senate looking towards a uniform
cLassification so as to secure uniform
As To Convicts.
Senator Wharton, of Laurens, has
fintroduced a bill 1:roviding that
prisoners sentenced to not more than
twenty years' service shall be liable
to work on the county chain gang.
The law as at present is that prison
ers sentenced to not more than ten
years shall be liable to such work-.
leaving it to the discretion of the I
county authorities whether to place
such prisoners on the ;hain gang or 1
send them to the penitentiary. Sena
tor Wharton's bill sought to inerease
the limit from ten to twenty years.
The bill was reported unfavorably by
the judiciary -committee.
Mr. Garris has introduced a simil
ar bill in the house.
A bill has been introduced in the
senate requiring fire escap-es to be
provided in hotels of certain size in
Senator Wharton's bill fixing
death as the punishment for attempt
to rape received an unfavorable com
mittee report. The bill will probably
evoke considerable discussion.
To Guarantee Bank Deposits.
Senator Croft, of Aiken, has intro
duced a bill fashioned somewhat af
ter the Oklaho-a statitte for the
guarantee of banks deposits.
Mr. Croft proposes that there shall
a -bank board, which shall includ-e
in its membership, the governor, at
torney general, State treasurer and
comptroller general. The governor is
to be chairman of the board. The
fundamental idea of the proposition
is that all banking institutions shall
pay to this board one per cent of the
amount of money on deposit, and this
on& per cent of all deposits shall be
used as a guarantee fund for deposi
tors. The one per cent is to be main
tained on the anual report of de
posits as made by the State bank ex
aminer and in ease the general fund
should be depleted then such defi
ciency is to be made good and all
banks in the State are to maintain a
one per cent credit on their -deposits.
In case of new banks,-which start out
without deposits such ba4iks are to
place with the board three per cent
of their capital stock, which is to be
held for the credit of the guarantee
National banks may come in under
the provisons of the Act. There is no
requirement that national banks must
come ,in under the provisions of the
Croft bill, but provison is made that
if any national bank voluntarily
wishes to come in under the guaran
tee law that it can make application
in writing, and then make the depos
its as do other banks.
Provision is made that banks in the1
guarantee fund shall have the right to
advertise that fact.
Any bank or other organization
that lhas complied with the provisions
of the guarantee Act shall be eligible
to -act as a depository of State or any
officer thereof, upon compliance with
this and other laws of the State rela
tive to the deposit of public funds.
A Labor Commissioner.
Senator F. H. Weston, of Rich
land, has introdrneed a bill providing
for the appointment of a commission
er of labor. who shall collect and
transmit to the general assembly sta
tistical details relating to all depart
ments of labor in this State. such as
the hours of labor, cost of living,
amount of labor required, estimated
numb)er of persons depending on daily
labor for their support. The bill pro
vdes that owners or managers of
manufacturing establishments shall
be required to give information along
- such lines, and imposes a penalty for
refusal, and gives the commissioner
power to sendifor persons or papers
and administer oaths, and gives him
Ithe right of free access where five or
more laborers are employed, and to
enter all buildings subject to the pro
visions of the Act. The methods of
protection from accidents, the means
of ventilation3 and investigations into
the employment of children are made
a part of his duties. The bill provid
es for clerical help at not exceeding
$1,200 per year.
The State ha;s passed1 and sent to
the house a bill by Senator WV. ..
[USTICE JONES I
MDE CHIEF JUSTICE
DEFEATS ASSOCIATE JUSTICE
EUGENE B. GARY.
Dnly Two Candidates, The Vote Be
ing 96 for Mr. Jones, 63 for
Special to The Herald and News.
Columbia, Jan. 21.-Associate Jus
ice Ira B. Jones was today elected
3y the general assembly chief justice
>f the supreme court of South Car
Aina to succeed Chief Justice Y. J.
Pope, whose resignation takes effect
n April. There were two candidates
-Associate Justice Jones, of Lancas
ter. who was nominated by Senator
1. Y. Williams, of Lancaster, and As
sociate Justice Eugene B. Gary, of
Abbeville. who was nominated by
Senator Win. N. Graydon, of Abbe
The vote was:
Mr. Justice Gary-63.
The time for the election of an as
sociate justic-a to sacceed Associate
Justice Jones has not yet been fixed.
An effort is being made this afternoon
to have it fixed for tomorrow, but it
will probably not be held before iext
Circuit Judges Watts and Hydrick,
Representative Cothran, of Greei
ville, and ex-Governor Sheppard, of
Edgefield, are being prominently
urged for the plaee.
The senate today sent to the house
the State officers' salary bill.
TILIMAN DEFINES POSITION.
Replies to Taft, Declaring 15th
Amendment is Chief Argument
Aga.inst Negro Education.
Washington. Jan. 20.----Senator
Tillman today gav; out a ztatement
in reply to the iatements r-atle in
today's newspappis that Pr:ident
elect Taft had had him in min-i ii his
speech delivered eerhy at Auus
ta, Ga., in which Mr. Taft was report.
ed as having spol-.en of him az 1.wking
in sympathy with the education of
the negro race.
Mr. Tillman atfribuite: Mr. Taft's
criticism to 'misstatemne and mali
ious editorial in <omne of th.e South
Carolina newspapers," i.2 w: >h. be
said, his attitude had not bee-. :car
lv stated. "'In the first pw'-e,"' he
said. "I am not opposed to negro edu
ation, provided it is of the right
kind, knowing that edn3ation incLas
es influence and inc -ea.;es the usef vi
ness of the citizes. What I sadi and
meant, and by whir-h I stick, is this,
that the Republican n1iley dI the: last
40 years has been to compel the
South to recognize the po!itical equal
ity of .the negro. That, in its essence,
would mean the domination of the
negro in South Carolina and Missis
sippi and many parts of other South
"We have disfranchised every ne
gro we could under the 15th amend
met, and the only instrumentality
ents attending State colleges from ob
ligation to teach school if appointed
to the Naval or Military academy of
the United States or to pbsitions in
the army of government service of
the United States.
Senator Earle has a bill to p)rohibt
unfair commercial discrimination.
which has been favorably voted upon
by th~e senate.
The senate has also voted favorably
uponl a bill intro i '-ed by :SeAde o
.:akler to establin;' a board of com
missioners for the promotion of uni
formity of legislation in the United
The C., C. & 0.
A concurrent resolution, offered by
Senator Weston, relative to the al
lowing of the C. C. and 0. railroad to
obtain a charter was passed. This
had come before the secretary of
state, who could not grant a charter.
owing to the fact that boks of sub
scription had not been opened in this
State. Then it came before the su
preme court in an action to compe:
the issuance of said charter. Now
the resolution was to allow the int ro
duction of a bill to grant this com
panv a charter.
availale was to require an dacation
al qualification. There is now an agi
tation in South Carolina for compul
sory education. That would mean a
heavy burden to provide more
heavy burden to prived more schools,
which white tax payers would have to
bear if there was no discrimination
against the negro on account of race 4
or color. Hence we would present the
spectacle of educating the negro at a
very heavy expense to hurry forward
the contest for supremacy between
the two races as soon as we should i
have given them the necessary quali- I
fications to vote, and be undoing what
we found absolutely necessary to pre
serve our civilization.
"We irever int ed to be governed 1
by negroes. whether educated or un- i
educated. The Republican party is i
now seeking to debauch the South I
through Mr. Taft, who offers us two 1
offiees in every thuosand of our popu
la.tion and a pretended advancement
of our material interests to join that
party. If the Republicans will throw
down and abandon once f6r all their
efforts to compel the South to recog
nize the equality of the Caucasian
and the African by repealing the 15th
amendment, we can then have the
control of our State affairs and can
then train them to make better ci.tiz
ens and aid in the 'uplift' which Mr.
Taft is so anxious, to see brought
about. But we never expect to 'up
lift' -them high enough ourselves or
allow anybody else to lift them
enough to put their heels on our necks,
or govern us again, and the conflict
of the races which seems to me inevi
table will only be -hastened by such
talk as Mr. Taft indulges in."
Senate Passes Bill Fixing it at o1o,
000-Increase Opposed by
Washington, Jan. 19.-The senate
today adopted the amendmetnt in
creasing the salary of the president to
$100,000, including all traveling ex
The senaite fixed the salary-of the
chief justice of the supreme court at
$1.5,000 and the associate justices at
The amendment increasing the sal
ary of the president was adopted by
a vote of 35 to 30. The Republicai
senators who voted against the in
rease were: Beveridge, Borah,
Brown, Burkett, Clapp, Dolliver, La
Follette and Piles. No Democratic
senator voted in favor of the in
Senator Warren said the commit
tee had accepted the amendment fix
ing the salary of the speaker at $15,
000 as significant of its desire to give
a similar salary to th.e vice president
but they did not take the view that
the committee's conten,tion for a sal
ary of $100,000 for the president was
affected by it. Hie expressed the hope
that the allowance of $5,000 annual
ly for carriages or other vehicles for
the speaker and vice president would
b allowed to stand.
By 40 to 21 the provision of $5,
000 ea.eh annually for carriages and
horses for the speaker and the vice
president w-as stricken from the bill.
An amendment to reduce the salary
allowed for the president from $100,-.
000, as proposed by the committee on
appropriations. -to $75,000 was de
feated 33 to 32.
The qjuestion then recurred on the
amendment to increase the salary of
the president to $100.000.
FIFTY WORKMEN PERISH.
Blown to Pieces by Powder, Burned
to Death, or Drowned in
Ch.!eago, Jan. 20.--Blown to pieces
by exploding powder, burned to death
by the resultant fire, or drowned in
iv waters of Lake Michigan was the
fate today of some 50 workmen who
,were working on a submarine tunnel
Iat a wooden crib, a mile and a half'
The crib was used in the construe-.
tion of a tunnel connecting with the
South Side shore of the city at Sev
en't-third street. It is known tha;
95 workmen were employed in th e
rib and the connecting tunnel at the
time of the explosion, which started
thfire and blew or drove men into
INSEL AND EGLEOD
)EREMONIES WERE SIMPLE
)ath of Office Administered by As
sociate Justice Woods, of Su
M. F. Ansel was on Wednesday for
nally inaugurated governor of South
,arolina, and Thos. G. McLeod was
'ormally inaugurated lieutenant gov
rnor, each succeeding himself for a
econd .term. The ceremonies were
>rief, but very impressive. As is cus
omary, thpey were held in the hall of
he house of representatives, and the.
loor and galleries were crowded with
nembers of the general assembly and
-Promptly at 1 o'clock the senate
iled into the house of representa
:ives, headed by Senator W. L. Maul
lin, of Greenville, the president pro
:em. After the clerk of the senate
ad read the resolution providing for
,he inauguration, the doors of the
iouse were thrown open and the gov
rnor's party approached the speak
?r's desk in the following ordei:
Martin F. Ansel with Senator P. L.
Eardin, of Ohester.
Thomas G. McLeod with Senator
F. H. Weston, of Richland.
Chief Justice Pope with *T. P.
Cothran, of Greenville.
Associate Justice Gary with Repre
sentative C. W. Harris, of Lee.
Associate Justice Jones with Rep
resentative Kibler, of Newberry.
Associate Justice Woods with At
torney General Lyon.
Following these came the other
State officers, the solicitors and. oth
The justices of the supreme court
and Gov. Ansel and Lieut. Gov. Me
Leod mounted the raised dais upon
th, platform of the speaker's desk
and Associate Justice Woods adminis
tered the oath of office to Martin F.
Ansel, The Bible used in the cere
mony belonged to the governor and
bore his name. As soon as the oath
was administered Gov.' Ansel deliver
ed his brief inaugural address, which
was listened to with interest by all
present and at its close he was given
Justice Woods then administered
the oath of officee to Thos. G. McLeod,
as lieutenant' governor. G'ov. M.e
Leod had no set speech, but acknow.1
edged with th.anks the confidence
shown by reelecting him to this of
fie and wished to assure the people
thathe would work with determina
t.ion to promote the welfare of the
Governor Ansel 's inaugural was
brief, urging that more attention be
paid to .the conservation of natural
resources-our lands, forests and wa
ter courses; that some attention be
given drainage of swamps and wet
lands, and urging the importanee of
good roads. In regard to good roads
''Another important matter - that
should engage our attention is the
one of "good roads." Every good
citizen of the State is interested in
this vital qu-estion. Conventions and
conferences are being held in many of
the States to discuss it. The gover
nors of most of the States are calling
the attention of their legislaturas to
it. Some of the counties in this State
have go)ne to wvork and are making
godc roads. That they are needed in
all of the counties every one will ad
min:. The work that is done should be
of a permanent nature. and it seems
to me that, in order that the neces
sarv information may be obtained as
to the best methods of making good
highways and the possible cost of
each method, the department of ag
riultre should be charged with the
duty of getting this data and report
in th1e same to you."
Governor Ansel concluded as fol
"And now, as I take upon myself
for a second time the responsibilities
and duties of this office, I ask that
yout will uphold my hands in every
ood word and work, and, by your
generous help and cooperation, give
me that encouragement that I have a
right to expect at your hands. By
thus working together, wve shall make
South Carolina second to none in ithis
Union of indestructible States.'