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STATE AID FOR ROADS.
Mr. Cosgrove Would Provide for ..
sistance from the State in the
Building of Highways.
One of the most important matters
presented to the legislature at this
session is the subject of State aid to
good roads. Col. James Cosgrove.,
chairman of the Charleston house de
legation, is the author of several bills
along this line, and in an in:erview
explained his ideas as follows:
"My good roads legislation con
sists of two bills and a joint resolu
tion. The bills are, frist, .to create a
highway commission consisting of a
commissioner to be appointed by the
governor, and the professors of civil
engineering in Clemson college, Uni
versity of South Carolina and South
Carolina Military Academy. This
commission to have authority and su
pervision over the main travelled
roads. Upon application of the pro
per county authorities an engineer
will be sent to them, who will advise
as to the cost, location or relocation
of the roads and prepare plans, sur
veys and maps and estimates of cost.1
This engineer to be paid by the coun
ty at a rate of compensation not to
exceed $1,200 perannum. The work
may be given out by cont.raet or done
by the chain gang as the county may
How Funds Will be Expended.
"The second bill provides that the
county make application to the highe
way commission for State aid, and
upon the showing that ithe county has
deposited 50 per qent of the estimated
cost with the county treasurer, the
highway commission will pay to the
county treasurer the remaining 50 per
cent. The work will then be done un
der the direct pervision of the
highway commis ner or -his assist
ant, and the county treasurer will pay
this fund out upon the voucher of
the highway commission and the pro
per county anthorities. T:his bill car
ries with it a direct approprition of
$250,000, so that State aid may be
gin at once.
The Bond Issue.
"The joint resolution provides for
a referendum to the people at the gen
eral election of 1910 of a proposed is
sue of $2,500,000 in bonds.1to pay the
State's 50 per cent in aid of good
~roads. The $500,000 to be used in
1909-10 to be paid back to the State
freasuer from the proceeb of this,
bond issue, and $250,000 is to be ex
pended annually for eight~ years from
"There are now twenty-tw~o States
Eiding in the building of good roads,
beginning with New York, with a
$50,000,000 bond. issue for this sole
purpose, and ending with Virginia
with $250,000 annual appropriation,
so thiat what is good for othar States
ought .to be good for South Caro
GOOD ROADS CONVENTION.
Successful Meeting of South Carolina
Association on Tuesday-Very
Columbia State, 20th.
That South -Carolina is taking a
real live and active interest in good
r,oads work was shown yesterday by
thie attendance of nearly 100 dele
gates to the annual meeting of the
South Carolina Good Roads associa
tion. Those who came wanted to tell
what they knew of good road building
and wanted to hear what others knew
abomt it. They wanted to know the
cost per mile of every kind of road
from macadam and sand and clay to
vitrified briek and bitulithie. They
learned and instructed and resolved
ihat they would go back to their
homes and build more roads. Good
roads is no longer an issue for candi
dates to talk about and favor. It is
simply a matter of construction. That1
was the point made by one of the
Every section of the State was rep
resented, from Spartanburg to Beau-'
fort. and the gathering of so many
with the diversified soil and condi
tions made the meeting a most profi
table one. It was brought out that
in some sections the famous clay
sand mixture of Richland county
was good enough and in other sec
tions that such mixture was impossi
ble. The progressiveness of some of
the counties in good road work would
be astonishing to some who have niot
kept up with the work.
For instanice, in Spartanburg there
is a proposition' to issue bonds for
$500,000 for the 1,700 miles of roads
rin that county and as Mr. Paul V.
Moore expressed it. Spantanburg is
going to "do something."
The meeting was called to order in
the morning in the city council
chamber by President F. H. Hyatt.
Secretary -Black was present and en
~rolled the names of the delegates.
Addresses of welcome were made
by Gov. Ansel and Mayor Reamer
and then Commissioner Watson made
an interesting address on "The Rela
4o of Good Roads to Agricultural
ed statistics 1o simw the vaie f -,I
roads in llaUlin prodlos fl'ol! 11W
farm to the ciy and demonstrated
that it cost almost as much to haul
cotton to the city as to siip it to Liv
erpool from New York.
Mr Hyatt then made one of his com
mon sense .:alk. on roads and how to
get them. It required hard work and
lots of patience to show the people
the value of zood roads but once de
,=onstrated everybody worke('d for
them. The people of the State zhould
realize that while federal aid for road
building was a good thing it was a
long way off and the way to get good
roads was to go after them with in
Mr. S. H. Owens, the county sup
ervisor of Richland. was called on
to explain the sand-elay roads and
demonstrated their value in the lower
pi.rt of the State. Supervisor Morris
of Barnwell also talked along the
One of the most instructive address
es of the meeting was given by Mr.
Eldridge of the office of public roads
of Washington. Mr. Eldridge is an
expert on roads and. knows thorough
ly the advantage and disadvantages
of ,the materials used and his lecture
was most instruetive. He was asked
many questions by the delegates and
,his ideas on material met with unan
imous approval. He had inspected
the roads of Richland county and al
so the machinery for building these
roads and .ommended both very high
ly. He praised particularly the meth
od for handling the crushed rock and
pronounced the brick produced at the
Hyatt brick yard of the highest qual
In the evening Mr. Eldridze, wu
a stereopticon machine. showed about
100 pictures of the various roads of
the world. These roads included
those of ancient Italy and the gradual
development of roads in Europe and
this country and it is worth noting
that there were several pictures of
South Carolina and Richland county
roads, two of these very near the city.
The pictures showed all stages of the
road and Mr. Eldrige gave a running
comment on them asthey were flash
ed on the wall.
As mentioned above, the Spartan
burg delegation took active part in
the proceedings. Mr. Moore explain
ed the issue of bonds for the work
there. Mr. Moore is the president of
the Spartanbiurg Good Roads league
and the secretary is Prof. Tilling
hast of Converse college. Supervisor
Miles was also .here as was practically
every township commissioner.
The convention indorsed the pas
sage of an ac,t providing for~ a State
highway commission and engineer by
a vote of 22 to 5, over half of the
delegates not being present. The
president is authorized to bring the
matter before the general assembly in
ofiial form and urge the passage of
some law. Mr. Etheridge presented
a law on the subjet that 'has been
adopted by several States but it was
decided to leave these details with
the general assembly, although copies
of several acts along this line will be
Election of Of!icers.
~Mr. F. H. Hyatt was reelected
president and Mr. Fingal C. Black
reelected secretary, all of the county
supervisors being on the ereecutive
committee. Both Messrs. Hyatt and
Black have worked hard for ithe suc
ess of the meeting and feel gratified
at the result of their efforts.
SICIDE PACT MADE
BY HUSBAND AND WIFE
Mr. and Mrs. Schuyler Carskadon Die
Together in South Norfolk,
Norfolk, Va., Jan. 18.--Having
evidently carried out a prearranged
plan to die together, Schuyler C. Car
skadon and his wife were today found
in their bedroom in South Norfolk.
An examination showed they had
been dead for hours and that the deed
was probably done some time during
Both Mr. and Mrs. Carskadon had
been shot through the back of the
head, the bullets e.rashing through
their brains. A revolver was found
on the floor at the side of the bed in
which the couple lay. The theory of
the police, and it is borne ouit by The
physical faects, is that the couple
agreed to die together; that the hus
band shot his wife by prearrangement
and then turned ,the pistol on himself.
The man 's hand was !hanging over
the bed and the pistol used was on
the floor less than a foot away.
Mr. Carskadon was foreman of the
Walworth - Neville Manufacturing
plant and came here fronm South
Bend. Ind.. his former homn:e. His
wife is sail to have cone gin:2y
from New York eity.
G. G. SALE, Lawyer, officee old court
house formerly superintendent of
* Wednesday Morning
1 January 6th 1
HERE IS MERCHANDISE
WORTHY OF YOUR
White Lawn Waists ?
* White. Muslin Underwear :
* 1 Case Bleached Muslin .
We want you to see this show
ing. Come as early as you can
to make choice. Yours truly,
C. & G. S.
T HIS BANK
WANTS YOUR BUSINESS.
We confess it. On the other
Ihand, we know we are justi-~
fiedin asking your patronage.
We' offer you every facility
found in a modern institution.
Open an account With
THiE EXCHANGE BANK
,0N JANUARY 1ST.
We Pa1 4 Per Cent. |Iteres in
* Our Sayings Department.
JD.DAVENPORT, E. R. H IPP,
President. .V. Prdsident.
M. L. SPEARMAN, Cashier.
THE NEWBERRY SAVINGS DANK.
Capital $50,000 - - Surplus $30,000
No Matter How Small, tot Matter How Large,
The Newberry Savings Bank
ill give it careful attention. This message
appies to the men and the women alike,
AS. McINTOSH. J. E. NORWOOD,
The Commercial Bank of Newberry, S. C., con
densed from report to State Bank Examiner Novem
ber 27, 1908.
Loans......................... ... ..... $26S,751 87
Furniture and fixtures...................... 3,116 93
Overdrafts ................................... 12,645 6o
Cash and due from banks...................... ioi,iSi 65
Capital stock............................... . $5o,ooo 00
Profits less expenses taxes paid. . .... ........ 54,677 53
Dividends unpaid. ...........................1,277 00
Cashier's Checks.............................. 255 00
Re-discounts ........... .................... 15,000 00
Individual ..................... $261,000.03
Banks......... .......... 3,486.49-$264,486-52
The Commercial Bank,
JNO. M. KINARD, 0. B. MAYER, J. Y. McFALL,
President. Vice-President. Cashier.
ON AND AFTER
WILL BE HEADQUARTERS
-:- FOR -:
FISH and OYSTERS,
-:- ALSO -:
Orders Taken. QuiCk Delivery.
We have bought out the late Jas. F. Todd's
Fish business and will keep Fresh Fish and
Oysters in season. Will be pleased to fill
'Phone orders.; No. 261.
L. M. PLAYER & CO.
,WE STOP'THE LEAKS
Jones & Gleason
PLUMBING, TINNING and GUTTERING
STEAM and HOT HATER HEATING
REPAIR WORK A SPEGIALTY
UNDER CROTWELL HOTEL
1218 College St. NEWBERRY. S. C