Newspaper Page Text
i* GEN. ROBE
Address By Dr. H. W. E
Confederate Veterans, Sons and
Daughters of the Confederacy; La
dies and Gentlemen:
I received an invitation a few days
ago from your distinguished citizen,
Col. 0. L. Schumpert, to be present
and deliver an address on this occas
I need hardly say that I appreciate
most earnestly so distinguished an
honor; and I wish to make due ac
knowledgment for it. When I re
ceived, and accepted the invitation to
be present and address you at this
hour,: I did so, with serious misgiv
ings, because of my own conscious li
mitations to do justice to the occas
An occasion which calls to mind the
advent among men of one of Amer
ica's greatest soldiers and purest,
Robert E. Lee.
Mo,reover, these occasions will for
ever be the solemn reminders to the
living of the patriotic and unselfish
devotion of the dead; the dead, whose
deeds we cherish as one of our rieh
est inheritances, worthy to be trans
mitted to future generations.
To do justice, therefore, to an oc
.casion like this, requires the pen and
tongue of an artist of no ordinary
When I accepted your invitation 1
Zid so with the hope and belief that
you would take the address as you
took, or are to take, your husbands
and wives-"for better and for
worse''-and if you are not willing to
do so, "I now demand that you do
make it known, or forever hereafter
hold your peace."
A friend of mine, a South Carolin
ian, once told me that the first duty
of a stranger )n addressing a South
Carolina audience, was to make due
.pology for not being a South Car
That I am not a South Carolinian,
is not my fault, but rather my mis
. fortune, for I was not consulted,
either before are after the event, asi
to where I should be bori.
Permit me to say, however, that I
was born in the very best State ini 1
the Union outside of South Carolina
Then I made further atonement
Carolinas to get me a wife.
-Moreover, Mr. President, on other (
grounds I may claim the right to ad
* dress a South Carolina audience; all
right founded upon the patriotism of
My great grandfather fought at the I
battle of King's Mountain, Cowpens s
and Camden, and returned to his Vir- i
ginia home-never until the eagle 1:
flapped and folded his wings above
the homes of American freemen. You s
will please parden these personal I
As this is the memorial day of
Genera'l Lee's birth, a brief .survey a
--or sketch of his life will be both ad- i
iissible and proper. t
Robert Edward Lee was born in S
* Virginia, Jan. 19th, 1807. He was the
son of'Lighthorse Harry Lee,"'j'
from whom, as well'as from a long I
liner of distinguished ancestors he in- r
herited the patriotie and martial i
With means sufficient to give him 1
leisare for reflection, he was able in i
.early life to discover t:he bent of hise
own mind, and thereby choose his pro
* ession. t
He accordingly chose the profes- t
si"n of arms. In 1825 he entered i
.the Military Academy at West Point,r
.and in 1829 he graduated from that f
institution-second in his class.
From that date to the Civil War C
Between the States he tilled various c
places of honor and trust in the (
United States army.
IHe won high distinction in the war jc
with Mexico, and was promoted for
.gallantry on the field, at the con- i
elusion of each of the great battles in a
which he took p)art during the en
When the War Between the See- I
tions became inevitable, Colonel Lee
at once decided to cast in his lot<
with 'his native State. He according- I
ly resigned his place in the United <
-rmy, and offered his services to the
South, then being threatened by an
He soon became, commander in:
chief of the Confederate forces; and
then for four years, he was the een- I
tral figure in a succession of martial'
tragedies, rarely, if ever surpassed in
the history of modern warfare. He
never lost his supremacy as a soldier 4
in the confidence of his countrynren.i
The proof of his superior military
genius appears in the rapid changes:
whi.h were ma in the roll of chief
RT E. LEE. 31
lays, at Newberry, S. C.
commanders for the Federal army;
more to find a man who -could meas
ure arms with this genius of the
Mark how rapidly they come, and
go, in more haste than they come!
Geo. B. McCleland, to my mind the
ablest of all the Federal captains
save one,-after the battle of
Gaines Mill was forced to retreat be
Core Lee's victorious army, and take
shelter under his gunboats on the
Next came General Pope, who took
charge of the .Federal army near
Richmond -and to the north, and who
n August 29 and 30, 1862, was over
whelmingly defeated by Lee and
Jackson on the fatal field of Bull
Run, and was forced to retreat to
On Nov. 7th, 1862, Gen. Burnside
was put in command of the army of
the Potomac. "He came, tie saw,71
and was "conquered."
He massed all his immense army
against Lee at Fredericksburg. The
battle was fought on Dec. 13, 1862
with almost fatal results to the Fed
eral army. This battle, for the time
being, put Burnside out of business.
He was succeeded by General
Joseph Hooker, who came with an
army twice the size of Lee's. He de
elared that he would drive Lee from
iis fortifications, and then, ''on to
The arnies met at the Wilderness,
)r Chailellorsville, where, as a north
ern writer says: "The superior gen
us of Lee never shone with greater
ustre; for while his army was infer
or' in numbers to that of Hooker, he
ignally defeated the latter in a great I
attle and forced him to retreat with
iis whole army across the Rhapahan
But I shall pause here and simply
may; changes soon came after these
Lvents which made it apparent that
he highest tribunal to which nations<
ppeal would decide the issue against i
he Confederate cause.'
In defeat, tiherefore, we' discover i
he greater qualities of General Lee. I
Inwilling to sacrifice the lives of his. c
nen, and to avoid further blood-shed.
ie surrendered the fragments of his y
omy to General Grant at Appoma
ox in April. 1865.
Whether it be true or a fable, that 1
seneral Grant refused the proffered
word of General Lee at Appomatox; i
wish only to say, that if the sword r
was offered by the vanquished, and r
he victor refused to accept it, it was e
eause the victor knew that that t
word had never been tarnished by C
isgace, nor rendered odious by dis
General Lee refused to enrich hima t
elf by allowing his name to be used f
y scheming speculators after the war q
H.e became a quiet school teacher a
t Lexington. Va.. and .along with his
.efeated comrades began to rebuild, n
he fallen fortunes of his native b
With a eharaeter above reproach,
ith no stain upon the escutcheon of b
is matchless career; with no comnpro- e
ise of his saered convictions touch- b
ng his duty to his people, he refused a
o become a party to doubtful specu- c
ations in order to. make money, and t:
.ie rich, at the expense of a good g
On the morning of Oct. 12, 1870, e
his matchless spirit of the South re- b
urned to God who gave it. Enshrined t
the -hearts of his countrymen his
ame has become an household word v
'rom Norfolk to the Rio Grande. i
Mr. Chairman. life and death ar0 a
loselv related. The deeds and death t
f men, the rise and fall of nations, a
ome and go like a passing shadow. c
While it is true that the traditions
f individuals.' families and nations. f
ire rich and eherished inheritances..
t is also true that great individual y~
.d national achievements are not al- t
rays the results of long and patientv
raining in the schools of traditional
It has been said that a people with- u.
iut traditions can never become
~reat. This is an assumption, it may, s
r it may not be true.
But when I say, that a people who t
ire incapable of revolution to resist t
Lmd overthrow oppression, has never
et become great, I speak a truth, t
chieh the universal history of man- r
ind bears out.
Revolution i1 sometimes t-he only I
reapon left in the hands of the op- r
ressed, to oppose the encroachments r
f usurped authority, and therefores I
not always an unmixed evil.
Revolution is no't rebelion, no r is
*eeession t.reason. wheni constitutional
>f 1776 were rebelz and traitors of
blie vilest type!
The sovereignty of individual
States was recognized in the very
Lerms of the compact by which they
ntered into the Federal Union: with
>ut the slightest modification of their
These rights they held to. be in
inalienable, as their only sure and
iertain safeguard against the tyrrany
>f a possible centralized despotism.
The distribution of power, since the
lay that God confounded the languag
as at Babel, has been the divine meth
)d to secure and maintain individual
ind national freedom. This distribu
Lion of authority makes the indivi
lual, the State and the nation each,
.h-a zealous guardian of his own, and
the rights of others. If you will take
time to run over the history of past
iges, you will find that where this
?rinciple has been set at nought, the
individual has been robbed of his
eights, the weaker States have been
;horn of their rightful authority, and
i. political or military despotism has
You will discover also that revolu
;ion has interposed in behalf of the
)ppressed, and fixed limits to human
Babylon, Egypt, Greece, Carthage
md Rome are all painful illustrations
f this solemn truth.
Tonight the king and his court are
runk in the hous-%; of their Gods,
wvhile Cyrus environs the throne with
Tomorrow Belshazzar is dead. and
the Empire of the world is in the
iands'of an Assyrian stran(kr. Why
ind wherefore? The death of despot
Sm in the blood of revolution.
Egy.pt, rotten with accumulated de
,ay of centuries., after an unsurpass
ld debauchery in the lives and lib
,rties of her people. has at last be
ome the tool of diplomacy, and the
)lay thing of tha English politician.
ost amid the smoke and fires of
Alexander, Macedonia's boy king,
n the name of Greece and the
Treeks, whipped the world into sub
nission at his feet: despotism per
onified- in the youthful despot, he
ay down upon the pillow of univer
al dominion, and that night died the
eath of a drunken sot!
Asa rebuked to his folly, the facts
~f his achievements were scattered,
11l over the civilized world, and at
ast Macedonia and Greece wire over
un by the heel of the b,loody Turk.
Tational dreeay followed in the wake
fa military despotism..
I know it has been said that Re
ublies rarely ever become despotic.
Believe that sir and you are fanned
y the wings of the Vampire! and ar~e
ed by the "song of the Siren"
Carthage the republic city of As
rubel, Homelcor, Hanno and Han
ibal, founded in order to avoid op
ression, at length herself became a
entralized des.potism: and at last, onl
be fatal' field of Zamia, the star-of
'arthage went down to rise no- more!
.Trhe Roman Republic was no cx
eption to this rule. Invincible while
de laws of Pompilius obtained, but
eeble under the 'sway of the Lar
uius. Regulus "and Fabrius led her
rmies to vietogy, but Semprosiius
nd Flaminius to defeat!
On~ the fall of Carthage Rome hadI
o rival. Her provinces were then rob
ed vy a rapacious harde of greedy
ffiei A s.
The city became rich, the provinces
eame poor. A wicked and debauch
ci oligarchy bore rule in her senate
ails. A more wicked and licentious
ristocracy were in charge of her so
ial, domestie and religious institu
ons. Individual rights were disre
arded; the streets of Rome were
saked in the blood of her best citiz
ns; Julius Ceasar crossed th-e Ru
icon, and th'e republic died in the
troes of a military despotism!
Thus it will be seen that authority,
hich is the rightful property of the
telligent many when usurped and
bused by the few, has forever led
Srevolution, blood shed and nation
1 decay. I recall not one single ex
eption in annals of time.
In the light of these facts I am
rced to the following conclusions:
(1) Revolutions come from the
ices of the great, not the small. from
he crimes of the strong and not the
(2) Oppression is the hybred of a
1alignant bred, born in the bed of
(3) The rock on which nations have
hivered themselves into atoms and
onie to pieces. has been the assump
ion of authority that was guaranteed
c them by neither God nor man.
(4) Nations are invincible only in
he integrity and patriotism of their
(5) That nation, whose leaders seek
rotection in standing armies, squad
ons of b)attle ship. floating amnd sub
.erged marines, is doomed to disap
ointment. if these things b)e its only
(6) The fidelity and virtue of of
fle usn, the narti lfjudi-i
BEFORE having your clothes clean
ed or pressed it will pay you to
see Satterwhite & Baxter,
City Pressing Club,
Over Herald & News office.
Phone 117 8t.
SALE OF PERSONAL PROPERTY.
As the executors of. the last will
and testament of the late S. J. Kin
ard., deceased, we will sell at the home
place on the 11th day of February.
1909. the personal property of which
the said S. J. Kinard died, seized, and
possessed, consisting of household and
kitchen furniture, one horse, one mule
colt, one shoat. one cow, corn, fodder,
and farming implements.
Sale to begin at eleven o clock.
J. C. C. Kinard.
Annie E. Kinard,
Jan. 21, 1909.
A Night Rider's Raid.
The worst night riders are calomel,
croton oil or aloes pills. They raid
your bed to rob you of rest. Not so
with Dr. King's New Life Pills.
They never distress or inconvenience,
but always cleanse the system, eur
ing Colds, Headache, Constipation,
Malaria, 25c. at W. E. Pelham &
Son's, Newberry, S. C.
NOTICE TO CREDITORS.
Mary A. Spehl, Plaintiff,
Theodore H. Spehl, Defendant.
All persons having tlains in the
above entitled ac-tion and against the
estate of Theodore H. Spehl, deceas
ed, are hereby requested to present
ithe same duly attested to the under
signed, on or before the 30th day of
H. H. Rikard,
Master N. C.
Master '. Office,
Jan. 18., 1909.
NOTICE or FINAL SETTLEMENT
As guardian of the estates of
James Lester and Mabel Lester I
will make a final settlement qs said
guardian of said estates in the office
of the Probate Judge of Newberry
county, S. C., on Tuesday, the 16th
day of Febraary, 1909, and immed
iately thereafter apply for letters dis
missory as said guardian.
Allen N. Crosson,
Guardian, James Lester and Mabel
. The best known remedy for burns,
mts, bruises or sores of any kind on
an or beast. For sale at
Mayes' Drug Store.
ISTORY OF ITALIAN EARTH
quake disaster now ready. 500
pages with illustrations. Price
$1.30. Write or call on Mrs. W. W.
Wicker, 1305 College street or
'phone No. 6 a.nd leave your order.
All persons holding claims against
he estate of U. J. Stuck, deceased,
~vi! present the same, duly attested
a"d aill persons indebted to said estate
:i11 make immediata payment. to Eu
ene S. Blease, attorney for the un
Willie E. Stuck,
an. 21, 1909.
TAX ASSESSMENT FOR 1909.
Notice is hereby given that the of
fice of County Auditor will be open
rom the 1st day of January to the
0th day of February, 1909, for the
urpose of receiving returns of tax
ble property for fiscal year com
nening January 1st. The following
amed places will also be attended as!
required by law:
At Whitmire, Monday, Jan. 11th.
At Maybinton, Tuesday, Jan. 12th.
At Glymphville, Wednesday, Jan.
At Walton. Thursday, Jan. 14th.
At Pomaria. Friday, Jan. 15th.
At Jolly Street, Monday, Jan. 18th.
At Little Mountain, Tuesday, Jan.
At 0O'Neall, Wednesday, Jan. 20th.
At St. Lukes, Thursday, Jan. 21st.
At Prosperity, Friday and Satur
ay. Jan. 22nd and 23rd.
At Longshore, Monday, Jan. 25th.
At Chappells, Tuesday, Jan. 26th.
The law requires a tax on all mart
gages, moneys, and credits, also on
nomes over and above $2500.00
All male citizens between the ages
f 21 and 60 years (except those in
apable ofE earning a support) are lia
ble to poll tax.
There shall be assessed on each
dog a capitation tax of 50 cent;.
Dogs not returned for taxation are
10t held to be property of this State.
Be careful to note each transfer of
real estate since last return.
Eug. S. Werts,
aAdito Newherry County.
B. C. W
First PR ESEN
First BIG MUSIGI
The Wit of
the Town F01
of the Town
The Airs of Book by Rogert I
the Town and Music by Rai
HEADED BY THE INIMITA
B. C. Whitney's IV
1000 Laughs, 10 Chorus Surprises, 1
ular Sensations: THE SEE-S4
THE GIANT FALLIN(
Reserved Seats $1.50.
Gallery 50 an<
Children under a years occup:
To a f
aCome and bi
tare making a
*prices. - -
rs THETHE BIG
L HA! HAI
E VE N T
ght Best Girls
Staged by a
3. SmithLyics gerr Gus
mond Hubbell Sohlke
BLE LAUGH PROVOKER
A 6O Fast Froli
D I6 kv Funsters
2 Song Hits, 2 Surpassing Spectac
ikW OF A 1000 LAUGHS,
S TAR CURTAIN.
General Admission $1.00
1 75 cents.
rng same seat as parent Soc.
ne of I
rs, Etc., Etc.!
Jnow as we