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HELPED NAME LINCOLN.
ther of Rev. W. L. Seabrook Gives
Graphic Account of Famous
The Lincoln number of the Balti
ore American contains an intervieW
vith William L. W. Seabrook, of
W;estminster. Md., the last surviving
member of the famous Baltimore con
vention which -renominated Lincoln
for t1he presideney, in which Mr.
Seabrook gives an interesting ac
count of that convention. Mr. Sea
brook is the father of the Rev. W. L.
Seabrook, who served ithe Lutheran
Church of the Redeemer in Newberry
for five yers, up until about two
years ago. 'During that time, by the
many warm and true and lasting
frienships which he made, he became
one of Newberry, and his father's ac
count of the famous Lincoln conven
ion will have somewhat a personal
terest for the people of Newberry,
n addition to being Pf historic inter
An insight into the elder Mr. Sea
rook's character may be gleaned
m a paragraph in the story in
hieh he gives his reasons for voting
or Diekinson for the vice-presiden
nomination against Andrew
Johnson, of Tennessee, and Hannibal
Hamlin, of Maine. Mr. Seabrook, it
will be noted, says: "I voted for
Diekinson. My reason for that ae
tion was itwo-fold-I considered John
son too vindictive toward the South
ern people, and I thought the loyal
Demoerats of the North deserved that
mecognition. Dickinson was a pro
nouned war man. In the light of
subsequent events, I believe my jadg
mevt of Jomson was justified, and I
have never regretted that I voted
against his nomination
Mr. Seabrook is senior editor of the
Westminstar, Md., Sentinel, the jun
ior editor being his son, the Rev. W.
L. Seabrook, who, sinpe returning to
Westminster has been associate l
-with his father an the newspaper busi
ness, in addition to serving a pastor
His acount of the Lineoln canven
tion above referred to is contained in
a Westminster dispatch ito the Balti
more Amexican, as follows:
Westminster, Md.-William L. W.
Seabrook, of Westminster, who was a
delegate to the convention which, in
'Baltimore .eity, irenoninated Abraham
Lineoln for a second term as presi
dent of .the United States, today talk-,
Sed interestingly 'of that body and its
"It was- my good fortune,'' ae
said, ''to be a miemfber of .tle Mary
land delegation to the convention
which placed 'his name for tihe second
ttime before the American people for
the highest office in t.heir gift, and I
am the last surv'ivor of the fourteen
delegates who represented the State
on tAhe oeasion. These delegates
were elected at a State convention,
held in Baltimore in February, 1864.
That distinguished and brilliant
Marylander, Hen-y Winter Davis,
had taken a strong stand against the
renomination of Mr. Lincoln, and it
was .understood that some of ithe gen
tlemen likely to be named as dele
gates -were in sympathy wit.h 'him.
But the Unionists of ethe Stat.e, gen
erally, could not . ibe swerved from
their confidenee in Lincoln's ability
and steadfast purpose to prosecute
the war for the preservation of the
Union to a teiu.mphant conclusion and~
this -sentiment was almost unanimous
ly shared by the delegates to the
"As one of these-I represented
Anne Arundel county in the conven
tion-I assisted in the preparation of
an ironelad resolution binding the de
legates to vote in the national con
vention for Lineoln 'first, last and all
the time,' and it was adopted 'with
o t division. As there were no con
ventions by congressional districts at
that time to eleet delegates ,to nation
conventions, all the delegates from
Maryland were fast bound by the re
solution. As stated by the American,
in irts issue of the 8th inst., they were:
At large. H. H. Goldsborough, Harry
W. Hoffman, J. A. Creswell and Al
bert C. Green. Districts-First. Col.
William J. Leonard, Levin F.
Straughn; second, Joseph J. Stewart,
Edward M. Allen; third, Archibald
Stirling. Jr.. Hugh L. Bond; fourth,
Frederick Schiley. Col. Isaac Nesbit ;
fifth, John C. Holland, W. L. W. Sea
Mr. Goldsborough was the Mary
land member of the commnititee on cre
dentials. Mr. Creswell served on t
committee on permanent organ1za
tion, Mr. Bond on .resolutionls and Mr.
Stirling on order of business. Mr.
Green was vice president for Mary
and. Mr. Straughn was one of the
iee presidents of the convention. Mr.
offma.n was the Maryland member
f the naitional committee.
"The impression I retain of the
ational convention, whieh met in the
Id Front Street Theater, .June 7,
4. is that it was a business assem
we from start to fi.nish. The
maehes withonit exception, were
terse al1 Free !11 1, )(1. r . nl II-.n ll de
and t.here was ino wild nor lon-con
tinued applause. There was a solem
nity and dignity about the proceed
ings which must have impressed spec
tators wit1h the fact tahat the delegates
realized the gravity of the -conditions
which confronted the nation; that
they were engaged in nominaitions
and serious business and 'had no time
to devote to side shows.
Opened With Prayer.
"The convention was opened with
a fervid and eloquent prayer by Rev.
Dr. Robeirt J. Breekinridge, of Ken
tucky, a Presbyterian clergyman, and
an uncle, I believe, of General John
C. Breckiliridge, of the Confederate
Army, and the secession candidate
for president in 1860. Dr. Breekin
ridge was a man of c6mmanding pres
ence, and upon assuming the chair
made a powerful speech in favor of
ithe Union cause and the importance
of destroving the heresy of secession
at the cost of any sacrifice, however
great, on the part of the people.
"I thought Governor Dennison, of
Ohio, who was elected permanent
chairman of the convention, lacking
in -personal magnetism. He presided
with dignity, buit was prim and pre
cise in his manner.
"There was little discussion and
not much speeeh-making. None of
the delegates from Mairyland spoke at
any length. Apparently the work <of
the convent-ion d2ad been cut out for
it in advance and the only thing to do
was to carry it through as promptly
"The Maryland delegation occu
pied seats about the center of the
wing to the light of the stage, and
had as neighbors ithe delegations
from Kansas and Vermont. Among
the former was "Jim" Lane, who
thad been very prominent in the " bor
der Iruffian' .troubles' in the early
days of the State. Solomon Foote, a
United States senator, and a grand
old man, was one of the delegates
from Vermont. In the left wing, and
facing these delegations, were the
trepresentatives from Pennsylvania,
headed by Thaddeus Stevens, who do
minated ihis associates and exercised
strong influence over the convention.
"Henry J. Raymond, then editor
and publisher of the New York Times.
as chairman of the committee on reso
lutions, sbmitted a platform which
may be briefly sunmarized as fol
" 'The Union must and shall bec
preserved; unconditional surrender
and return 'to just allegiance to the
constitution the only alternative for
the arebels; slavery must be extermnin
ated, root and braneh, and the consti
tution so amended as to fonbid it for
ever; 'the army and navy deserve the
ibanks of the Ameriean people; Pires
ident Lincoln, by his fidelity to the
constituition, his general conduct, and
especially by 'his proclamation of
emancipation, has won the regard -and
comimendation of the people; unani
mity is needed in the national coun
cils, and those officers who indorse
the principles contained in tahis plat
form are worthy of confidenice; all
men in the army and navy deser-ve
full protecetion from outrage a.nd re
dress should be insisted upon for any
violation of the laws of war; foreign
immigration should be encouraged;
the Pacific Railroad should be com
pleted; the public debt must be kept
inviolate and the credit of the na
tionii currency preserved; the efforts
of foreigni powers .to impose monar
chical governments upon ,any part of
this continent will be viewed wit,h ex
treme jealousy by this country.'
"In submitting the platform M>r.
Raymond, who was a small, wiry
many, made a rather impassioned
speech in favor of its adoption.
George William Curtis, 'editor of tihe
Harper publications, and the stern
old commoner, Thaddeus Stevens, al
so spoke strongly in the same vein;
but the discussion was not prolonged,
and the resoluitions as reported were
adopted withi substantial una,nimiity.
"Some discussion followed the re
pont of the credentials committee,
which rec-ommended the admission of
delegates from Arkansas. Louisi.ana
and Tennessee, and also a contesting
delegation and the -regular delega tion
from Missouri. In the vote on the ad
mission of delegates from the sec-ed
*ing States mentioned only one Mary
lander was accorded in the affirma
tive, the other 13 voting against, it.
I do not recollect the name of theC so
ltaryv *(elegraire fromi the State who
vted yeaZ (on the qjuestion].
"The ballot for a ,presidential can
didate wvas practie~ally unanimou-.
The contesting delegation voted for
General Grant, but joined in making
Mr. Linceoln the unanimous choice of
"The names of ;three cadia e. for
the vice presidlential nomninatw'n were
beore the convention. They we're:
Andrew Johnson. of Teninessee; Han
nibal H.amlin, of Maine, and D)aniel
S. Dickinson, of New York. It was
understood that Mr. Lincoln favored
You Must B<
It is always a decided compl
hear his or her friends speak c
person. It carries with it the e
tion and culture This opportl
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reasonable prices. You shouk
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find the following:
Dri and I.
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A Man's Wom
The Last Hop(
A Thief in the
The Ordeal of
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stroke of policy, and he became the
choice of the convention. Twelve of
t.he M~aryland delegates voted for
him. Isaac Nesbit voted for Ham
ln; I voted for Dickinson. My rea,
son for tihat action was twofol-I
cnsidered Johnson too vindictive 'to
ward tihe Southern people, and I
thought the loyal Democrats of the
North deserved that recogniition.
Dikinson was a pronounc'ed war
man. In the lighit of suibsequent ev
ets, I ibelieve my judgment of John
son was justified, and I have never
regretted t:hat I voted against his
"With tihe ballot for vice pres
ident, tehe business of the convention
was practi-cally concluded, after a ses
sion which did not cover half a day.
Its -proceedings were several times in
terrupted for the .reading of tele -
grams from 'Grant 's army, then fore
i:nz its way itoward Richmond. The
messages conveyed no news of bat
ties. but spoke 'hopefully of thle out
lok and were heard with markend.t
isfaction by the convention.
"I was named as t:he Maryland
member of tihe committee to notify
the candidates officially of the action
of the convention, and it was resolv
ed to pay a personal visit to Mr. Lin
coln in addition to 'the formal letter
to be addressed to him. T'he day fol
lowing the convention, therefore, the
eommittee left Baltimore for- Wash
ington in -a body and went to the old
Willard Hotel. Mr. Lincoln was noti
fied of our presence and sent his pri
vate seeretary, Mr. Nicolary, to ar
range for the interview, which we
were informed. would take place in
the East Room at an thour specified.
In the meanime George William Cur
tis was selected to write the official
letters of notification.
"At the appointed hour we repair
ed to the White House and were
punctually met by tepsint n
iurround.ings wvhich we're anything'
bu invitine. The East Room was un
:.1rneted, bare ot furinjiue and harn
like in appearance. It was not a
time for -luxurious living, and I hap
pn to know that other rooms in the
White House 'were as bare as unat
tractive as that in whieh we gathered
around the eihief magistrate of the
natin to tell him the purport of our
Thle ratifica:tion speech was made
by G-~overnor Den.nison as the chair
man. ex-otficio of. the committee. It
was briefly enlogist ic of ithe president
and denunciatory of his enemies. The
governor, in his manner was just as
E Well Read.
iment to any man or woman to
f them as b ing a well read
vidence of knowledge, informa
.nity is offered every one at
OK ST ORE, and at very
[call and look over the many
It 50c. Among which you will
f the many good things we have
public. You should make the
dquarters during your leisure
ited with the large number of
ave on our shelves.
Newberry, S. C.
presidng over the convention. But Mr.
Lincoln seemed 'embairrassed and ill
at ease. He constantly shifted from
one foot to tthe other and appeared
to be anything but elated. His man
ner was cause for 'surprise ~to those
who did not comprehend its cJeeasion.
I thought I grasped -the meaning of
it when at tihe conclusion of the gor
ernor's harangue. Mr. Lineoln, who
stowered above us all and' wore *a
black frock coat reaching fully to 'his
knees, stept out, a long stride, wit'h
his left fooit and tihrust his 'right hand
'behind 'him and into the tail pocket of
the cosat, from whiebh he drew a half
a sheet of writing paper on Which he
had written his 'response to the noti
"His restlessness, I am sure, was
caused by tie apprehension that
something might be said of a charac
ter dangerous to the cause of the Un
ion in whieh :he was bound up, body
and soul. lie seemed much relieved
when the ceremony was over, and as
each member of the committee was
presented to him, grasped 'his hand,
~hook it cordially and expressed his
pleasure 'at ou'r .presence, with a word
of exhortation to be firm in sustain
i'ng the cause of th~e Union."
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The Commercial Bank of Newberry, S. C., con
densed from report to State Bank Examiner Novem
ber 27. 1908.
Loans.............. ........................ $268,751 87
Furniture and fixtures....................... 3,16 93
Overdrafts ................................... 12.645 60
Cash and due from banks.................. 101,i8i 65
Capital stock................................. $5o,o00oo
Profits less expenses taxes paid............... 54,677 53
Dividends unpaid. ........................... 1,277 00
Cashier's Checks.............................. 255 00
Re-discounts ............................ 15,000 00
Banks. -.-.-............ 3,486.49-$264,486.52
The Commercial Bank,
JNO. M. KINARD, 0. B. MAYER, J. Y. McFALL,
President. Vice-President. Cashier.
SOME OF OUR POLICIES:
To be conservative.
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To calculate interest semi-annually.
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DR. GEQO Y. HUNTER, DR. J. S. WHEELER,
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J. F. BROWNE, -J. A. COUNTS,
Cashier. -Assistant Cashier.
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