Newspaper Page Text
WILL SEABROOK'S TRAVELS *
* * ** ** ** * *** ** **
(By W. B. Seabrook.)
Special to The Herald and News.
Marseilles, France.--I tlic Fieneh
P'tpublic dri,tin.) - ard anAher re
volition? Forel_:n '1n 1 and trav
elers, who visit Fr) Y.io I lhe pur
j-ose of studying custow'u and e-ent,
Lave a legitimate riont to prljose this
apparently uncon.n..u ae ar her
sensational query, ticaute the French
people themselves a:e anxioutly awk
ing the same question. Surely, the
mere raising of sucl -a interroga
tory does not imply that i mus be
answered in the affirmative, but it
d6es mean that a vast numbe: of
French citizens are dissatisfied and
disgusted with~ the present regi1oe.
and that the third republic is ap
proaching a dangerous crisis.
Three things especially have im
pressed me in this connection: first,
the popular and too often well
grounded lack of confidence in the
honor of the judiciary and in the effi
ciency and integrity of the ministry;
second, the decadence of respect for
the institution of the family; third,
the incessant denunoiations of govern
mental policies, and the alarming pre
dictions which are appearing with in
creasing frequency in conservative
and independent newspapers.; One or
two concrete incidents, not of abso
lutely vital importance in themselves,
but testifying eloquently to the spirit
of dissatisfaction and unrest, which is
abroad upon th winds, will serve to
indicate the erying need for changes
and reforms, if not for revolution.
The great question of the hour is
still the miserable Steinheil affair,
the murder -mystery, which has impas
sioned'the French public month after I
-month. The real interest in the case
(it would otherwise be nothing more
Than the murder of an ignoble hus
band by a'n unfaithful wife) lies in
the fact that the singular attitude of
the judiciary makes it the culmina
tion, the climax of the scandalous
manipulations which characterized
successively the Dreyfus case, the
Humbert case, end, in an altogether
different manner, the death of Felix
Faure. Then French people are hear
tily out of patience 'with these trials
and inwestiga.tions, in which the pros-f
eeuting officers and the government
seem to act with the hesitating and
emubarrassed air of an accomplice.
The attitude of the ministers of jus
tiee toward this latest egrime has been
inconceivable; the frightful part of it
is that if the judges and magistrates
had ~been permitted to pursue their
course without the unauthorized in
tervention of the newspapers and t.he
public, the truth of the affair would!
still be shrouded in darkness.
In lesser, unimportant cases, which
do not involve "secrets of state'' and
".hautes personages,'' the indifferent!
and lackadaisical, methods of investi
gation now in vogue are equally cal
eulated to weaken public confidence
in 'the department of justice and po
lice. One example will suffice. On
the last night of December, 1908, a
certain Monsieur and Madame Math-!
ieu, who.lived in a modest residence in
a 'suburb of Colombes, near Paris,
were robbed and murdered. The
crime was discovered by a butcher's
Sboy and promptly reported to the po
lice, but the Parisian newspaper men
were~.upon the scene three hours in
advance of Chief Hamnard and his of
ficers,. and it was only upon reading
the neWspapers on the morning of
January 2nd that -the police learned
tihe mnost important and significant
details of the crime. A week passed.
The official detectives. were working
always upon the hypothesis, that the
crime had been committed by a cer
-tain wel.l known 'band of professional
burglars. Then another reporter, by
a clever piece of private investigation
proved that the detectives were off the
seent, and even succeeded in furnish
ing a very definite description of the
real murderer; the offbeers shamefac
edly acknowledged their error, but
they have noLt yet landed the author
of the crime. The reporters are
ahead of the police nearly every time
a evrime is committed-not that the
French reporters are keener or more
intelligent than the American or Eng
lish newspaper men, but simply be
cause the French police service. theo
retieally the most scientific and finely
organized body in the world, is prac
tically slow and inefficient. The of
ficers occupy themselves with mic
roscopic analyses of cigar ashes and
with the measuring of footprints to
the thousandth part of a hairsbreadth,
. when they should be grabbing the
criminal by the collar and whacking
him over the head with a hickory club.
France is one of the richest countries
in the world; its citizens pay heavy
taxes and have a right to demand the
very best police protection; they have
all the more right to demand a first
class secret service and police admini
istration because it is ,in France that
istantin becuse it is in France that
the theoretical scieneL- of crimIiIIo0oy
h1aS rIeached its highest perfection.
Another glaring instance of admin
istrative incapacity or indifference is
seen in the miserable condition of the
streets of Paris after a series of snow
storms just before Christmas. For
two days, residents and merchants
(the latter losing thousands of dol
lar.) waited patiently for the depart
ment of public works to begin clear
ing the principal thoroughfares; then
they appointed a delegation of pro
test.; the delegation found the office
of the commissioner closed and locked
aid learned- that he was absent en
joying himself in his villa on the Med
iterranean. The frightful condition
of the streets was not relieved until
January 2nd, after an estimated loss
of millions by the merchants.
The French taxpayer seems to be
paying more and more every year and
getting less and less for his.money.
The result is a deep-rooted and grow
ing dissatisfaction with the present
administration and often with the
present system of government.
The situation is aggravated by the
fact that the Royalist party, with its
pretendent to the throne, the Duke of
Orleans, and the Bonapartist party,
with Victor Bonaparte at its head,
are both extremely active and waiting I
patiently to seize the first opportun-l
ity to advance their respective caus
es. The question is very much
''ilive." A few weeks ago, when
Jean Seraphin Mattis, a weak-minded
garcon-de-cafe, assaulted President
Falliere, while the latter was promen
ading in the Champs Elysees, the first
question asked was whether Mattis
was -a Royalist or a Bonapartist, and
whether the action was approved by
the two pretendents. When M. Clem
enceau makes a speech against some
proposed piece of legislation, which
does not meet with his approval, he
invariably declares that this or that
course of action is dangerous because
it "would lead to a restoration of the
Monarchy.'" I do not know exactly
why, and it certainly seems atrange,
but the average Frenchman complains
of the corruption of tme government,
he concludes, not by expressing his
desire for the reversal of the Clemen
ceau administration, but for the over
throw of the republic; after which he
would establish anoth:er republic or
a constitutional monarchy, according
as he is republican or royalist. The
well known hositility of the church
toward the present form of govern
ment is another fact to be taken into
Decadence of Morals and Ideals.'
Nearly all' moralists, who visit
France, deplore the decline bf respect
for what they call the ''institution of
the family.' and view with alarm the
increasing tolerance of the French
public toward temporary illegal lias
ois and toward the cases of open con
jugal infidelity, which have become
so common among certain classes; but
these are things of which France
eartainly has not the exclusive mono
pov, and it seems to me that the real,
crying social evil of the time in
France is somethi:ng deeper, some
thing that requires a different defini
tion. It is the decay of ideals, rather
than the decay of institutions, -the
decadence of the ''sentiment of ma
ternity'' on the one side and the de
ay of the sentiment of personal
bravery and honor on the other.
The great department stores of
France have recently, by the publica
tion of statistics covering a period of
8 -or 10 years, 'brought to light two
urious and significant facts: a decade
ago, in the toy departments, the sale
of dolls for the girls and lead soldiers
for the boys netted every season a
profit larger than that of all other
kinds of toys combined; since that
time the sale of dolls and lead said
ers has steadily decreased, until this
last Christmas season it amounted to!
less than one-twentieth part of the
sles of the same articles for the same
season ten years ago. The little girls
are satisfied with nothing but jewelry.
and expensive articles of personal
adornment, while the lit-tle boys want
their Christmas presents in checks
or in money.
''"Dolls are so bothersome!'' fret
fully exclaims the little French girl,
whose mama suggests a dolly for
''Lead soldiers are so foolish!"
cries the little brother.
And behind these two banal, child
ish exclamations. reflecting the exam
le offered by fathers and mothers,
lurk the twvo powerful and insidious
monsters that may one day deliver
France weakened and degenerate in
to the hands of her hereditary ene
mies who -are waiting patiently on the
other side of the German and Aus
The first of these monsters is Race
The second i-s Antimiulitarism.
Certainly no single one of the facts
which I have cited would justify an
obserer. ahove all a stranger, a for
eigner, in declaring categorically that
another revolution is brewing in
'rnce. Therefore, hbecas T realize
IinaI t11e v1ww. ua( opfl)uiIns ml: an U
sider are always superficial. and ais)
becaulse I (1o not want to laI myself
open to the charge bf distorting facts
simply for the sake of wiriting a yel
low' and sensational article, I prefer
to draw no -eneral conclusions but to
entrench my;,1Olf behind the words of
an eminent French philosopher, poli
tical ecoiomiist and ojirnalist, 1. A.
Deliun, of the Academie Francaise.
In a recent editorial, this writer, com
parin.g tle conditions of modern so
ciety with those of the 18th century,
which brought about the downfall of
the ancient regime, declared that the
rich bourgeoise, now "in the saddle"
was incapable, as was the old nobility,
to defend itself against approaching
revolution. because this bourgeoise
government was nourishing in its very
bosom, by its policies and acts, the
germ of destruction. Explaining his
pessimistic prophecy, he made the fol
"The oligarchy which has been in
power for the past quarter of a cen
tury has appropriated to its own ex
clusive profit and enjoyment all the
privileges, exemptions and benefits,
which should be shared by the entire
nation; further it has demoralized the
masses, accustoming them by precept
and example to forget their honor and
their ideals and to fix their minds up
on the sole desire for material profit
"It has systematically destroyed
the religious life of the nation, and
is now engaged in a war to 'the death
against the last vestiges of a Christ
ianity, which seems to be -struggling
in vain against hostile laws and of
"It has corrupted and disgraced
the courts of justice by political in
"By an aberration, which will
alone suffice to condemn the third re
pblic in the eyes of history, it has
disorganized and demoralized the
army of France and exposed it to the
assaults of the antimilitarists, who
seek its destruction.
"If, with all its errors, this oligar
chic bourgeoise government, which is
neither "of the people or by the peo
ple" had at least ruled "for the peo
ple," there would be some hope, but
it has never had at heart the welfare
of the masses. Identified with the
financial interests, leaning upon the
captains of industry and :heads of
monopolies for support, aiding illegal
ly in their enterprises and sharing in
their profits, it has been the oppres
sor of the laboring classes."
Such is the substanee of the deinun
iation by a Fren-ch philosopher of the
French government under the ,Third
Joseph de 'Maistre heard in l'i89,1
"le sermon que la Providence prechie
aux rois.'' Today the same Provi
denc-e is preaching another sermon, no
less terrible, to the kings of a corrupt
republic. Will they be deaf as their
That Dispensary Church at LivingstonI
Southei/n Christian Advocate.
Mr. Editor: I was in the town of
Livingsteni some week's ago, and saw
the new church ahout which a good
deal 'has been written of late. It is
a very nea.t and attr'active building
oi the outside. I did not go into it.
As to the propriety of its being ac
epted by our church and dedicated
to the worship of God. I for one do
nat see any harm in it. Neither our
discipline no,r the Bible, as 1 under
stand it, debar any person or persons1
from contributing to the cause of our
Lord money that is justly His own.
For when the 'Jews had become great
sinners and -had -rojbed Giod, and
said that it was a vain thing to serve
Him., God commanded them to "bring
all the ti.thes into the storehouse."
And why ? Because this money be-'
longed to God; although much of it
came f.rom soreerers, and adulterers,
and false swearers and those that op
preed the hireling in his wages, the
widow and the 'fatherless; as well as
from the few religious Jews "that
feared the Lord and spake often one
to another.'' Read the third chap
ter of Malachi and see how God prom
ised to bless the people and the mon
e, if they would return unto Him and
bring in the tithes. And even in the
time of Christ on the earth, He told
His disciples (and us) to "make to
themselves friends of the mammon
of unrighteousness'' (Luke 16.9) and
He (lid not hesitate to receive sinners
and eat and drink with them.
He came to seek and to save the
lost. And if it be wrong to receive
money or a chuch that is the result
of an immoral business, such as the
dispesary or gambling, then is it not
wrong for God to -receive a vile sin
ner who comes to Him for pardon and
salvation ? Will any one tell mre
wherein the difference lies? Does not
'the altair sanctify the gift?''
Iis said that on one occasion Mr.
John Wesley and his traveling comn
panion were passing a place of reveh-y
and dissipation, and tire occupants
were 'singing a worldly song. Mr.
sin-iin-, and tHien rwde nI; humming
the tune that he had just heard. 1is
companion asked him why lie did so.
Mr. weslev replied, "I will take the
tune and give it to the Lord, but the
devil may have the words.'' So I
think tihe Methiodist church may say
the devil may have the dispensary,
but we will take the church at Living
stonl and dedicate it to the worship
and service of Alnighty God.
Not nily for educating the children
is dispensary money used, but for mis
sions, Sunday schools, paying preach
ers, "etc., and we are generally glad to
get' it. Sure! For where would you
draw the line between good money,
so.-called, and bad money ? Perhaps
there is hardly a dollar in circulation
but has been in bad company some
where. The church can't undertake
to run :ery dollar down that is of
fered to her and try to find out where
all it has been. Besides, God has a
claim upon dispensary money, just
as well as upon any other money. Why
not ? And I think there has been
more mere sentiment displayed in the
Livingston church controversy than
the Word of God and the Discipline
of our church make any provision for.
I say let that church be made a Meth
odist church and I do not think that
the State or county have any right to
object. The money belonged to the
town of Livingston and I hold that
under the law the people there had
the right to use it as they saw fit. The
State got its, share of the dispensary
profits, of course.
Geo. H. Pooser.
Columbia, R. F. D. 1.
Destruction of Orchard Rubbish.
Just at this season of the year,
those orehardists who have not al
ready done so, should make a careful
inspection of the premises, removing
and burning all dead and dying wood.
It is in just such places that many of
our most injurious orchard pests pass
the winter. And besides, such rub
bish services as an ideal breeding
ground for many of these i.nsects. It
will only be a few days now before
most of these insects wili have-left
their places of protection to begin
their work of destruction upon the
budding orehards, then it will be too
late for action. It is extremely im
portant that some action in the mat
ter be taken immediately. The.re 'are
many orchards in the Sta.te infested
with San Jose Scale that have been
pruned and the badly infested mater
ial left lying in the ore iard. This
mistake should be corrected, because
such infested material is a menace to
the rest of the orchard and to the
wkole community in whieb it is found,
being a constant source cf infection.
Then there are those trees that are
heavily infested wi,th the Shot-Hole
Borer, recognized by the small round
holes in the bark, resembling those
made by number 8 shot and usually
a general unhealthy condition of the
tree. This insect passes the winter
as a small white grub in its burrow
in the dead tree, emerging in spring
as a small brownish beettie. Trees are
often completely girdled by this in
sect, causing them to die in tihe course
of a few weeks. Besides the two just
mentioned, there are numerous other
insects that inhabit dead wood and
rubbish lying around the orchard. No
one will ~attempt to deny the fact that
by destroying all prunnings, dead
branches and trees, and other rub
bish about the orchard the coming
generation of insect pests will be con
siderably decreased, rendering con
trol more practical and certa.in.
It is therefore to the advaigtage
of every individual owning an orch
ard, whether it be one of commercial
importance or merely one for home
consumption, to put forth every ef
fort to get the orchard as free as pos
sible from any deaC or dying wood
before the pests emerge from their
Don 't put this matter off till tomor
row or some time next week, nor pile
the prunings just outs'ide the or
chard, but destroy them eom.plet,ely
'by burning and do this immediately.
WV. AL. Thomas,
News From Silver Street.
Silver Street. March 18.-Thiere is
very little work doing onl the farms
now on account of the? wet weathe6r.
Most of the fairmer~s are busy hauling
Tfhere is a great deal of siekness in
this neighborhood, several cases of
chls and fever and one or two cases
of typhoid fever.
Mr. T. S. Blair ha.s returned from
a week's visit t:o his daughter, Mrs. J.
J. Long at Pomaria.
Mrs. Emma Shealy and children, of
St. Philips section, visited relatives
in this neighborhood last week.
Miss May Crouch, of Batesburg. is
visitingc her sister, Mrs. .J. P. Long,
Miss~ Marian Schumnpert has return
ed from several weeks. visit wit rela
tives at Jalapa and Newberry.
Miss Minnie Crouch has celosed her
schol in minalua coniv. and is home
Pure g the chief i
the active prin
, and healthfulne
cious food f(
to spend her vacation.
Ir. Frank Gault, of Peak, visited
Mr. M. G. Sheppard last week.
Mr. F. J. Crouch was at home Sat
urday and Sunday.
Miss Mary Dehardt is spending
some -time with relatives in the St.
Miss Ruth Stilwell, of the Trinity
section, spent last week with her un
cle, Mr. K. S.'Stilwell here.
Mr. M. G. Sheppard made a visit to
North Carolina last week. Mr. Frank
Gault, of Peak, accompanied him.
The Lutheran church at this place
is about finished with the exception
of the furniture aid painting. It is a
very pretty building.
Mrs. W. F. Alewine is visiting her
sister, Mrs. Mary Counts, at Pon a,
this week. A.
- The Sunshiners.
I have great picasure in recording
the following additi,ai contributions
to the fund for a "Sunshine Type
Dr. Geo. B. Cromer..........$2.00
Jad Mrs. P. I yovd.. ....50
J. H. Atehison ...... ... .......50
Mrs. J. C. Abrams ... ...... .. .50
The typewriter, a splendid Reming
on, has been purchased in Columbia
f the St-ate Company for $40.00. I
ave received and applied on thre pur
hase a total to date of $33.75. It will
e seen only a few dollars are needed
o comnplete tire purchase. This is
he last call I shall make for this
prchase. Will onr friends over the
ounty come forward and make up the
Ever faithfully in the work,
G. Carter Riser.
Whitmire, March 13th.
Letters remaizing in po i. o!mie at
Newberry, S. C., for week ending
March 13th, 190Y9:
Mrs. Corrie Bell, Mr. T. A. Berley,
r. J. G. Bradley, Mrs. Cassie Bold
In Ladies' Furnithings,
dered Linen Collars, N4
Combs, Hair Orname
Collar Ruffling. We
your consideration and
think. 'Listen to the i o
qualty and latest styl
One lot Elastic Belts, two
One lot Embroidered Colla
special 1 5c. each.
One lot Bow Ties, new, wort
One lot Bow Ties, long enss
One lot Jewel Combs, worth
One lot Barretts, worth 25c.
One lot Hair Ornaments, thr
One lot High Back Combs,
Big lot Mourning Combs, pri
Remember, we keep
ties for Ladies, nothing
Come at once
P. S.-Our line of SPR
be open for inspection
ome and deli.
>r every day
ing, Mr. Jonah Bowman, Mr. Firlder
Boyd, Mr. Dixie Bruce, Mr. Adam
Mrs. Mary Carpenter, Mr. Andrew
Cannon, Mr. W. C. Conner, Miss Muck
Counts, T. 0. Coward, Mrs. Jessie
Coleman, Mr. Mannie Cromer, Miss
Mr. J. L. Davis.
Mrs. Xar Fair, Miss Bettie Floyd.
Mrs. W. M. Herb.
Mr. M. W. Jones
Miss Lucile Kenedy.
Carrie Maybin, Western Mayer,
Mrs. Cora' Mongromery.
Miss Maria Owens.
' Miss Marie Ray, Ruben Raison,
Mrs. J. B. Riser. .
Mr. J. C. Taylor, Miss Emma Trib
Mr. George Williams, Mrs. Mertie
Wiright, Mr. Welt Wilseon, 01ver
All prersons calling for these letters
will please say they were advertised.
C. J. Purcell, P. M.
The celebrated soprano was in the
middle of her solo when little Johnny
said to his mother, referring to the
conductor of the orchest.ra. "Why
does that man hit at the woman with
"He is not hitting at her,'' replied
his mother. "Keep quiet."
"'Well, then, what is she hollerin'
A Doubtful Bpigram.
"Kind hearts are more than -coro
nets," sa.id the young man who quotes
"Perhaps, ' answered Miss Cayen
ne, "but yoii don't find kind hearts
figuring in the same class with coro
nets in the matrimonial news."
consisting of Ernbroi
sw Fad Bow Ties, Belts,
nts and all shades of
make these prices for
to make you look and
ng of low-prices on best
es: - - - - "
Buekles, worth 25c., special
rs, sells everywhere at 25c.,
h 25c., special 1 5c. each.
,worth 35c., special 24c. each.
50c.. special 25c. each.
,special 10Oc. each.
ee in set, worth 20c., special
v~orth 20c., special 10c. each,
tab on all new special
new left out.
. Come now.
RING MILLlNE~RY will
in a few days.