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rTIES HAVE CHANGED.
People Who Would Not Go There
While Roosevelt Was President
Call on Taft.
When Senator Tilhman walks into
the White House on his return to
Washington and proposes to Presi
dent Taft to spill some of that much
famed oil on the troubled political
waters, he will have kept a promise
made more than five years ago not
again to enter the portals of the exe
cutive mansion so long as Mr. Roose
velt should be its chief occupant. Bu.
he will not be the only member of the
upper house of congress to shake
hands with the new president in the
White House and to assure him of his
cordial loyalty and support. There is
Bailey, of Texas; Nelson, of Minneso
ta; Bacon, of Georgia; Admiral Sch
ley, and others who have already made
a pilgrimage to the White House for
this purpose. and who have already
caught the Taft spirit of friendliness
and brotherly love.
Five years ago when Senator Till
man was serving in the senate with
John L. McLaurin, -his colleague from
-the Palmetto State, he became invoiv
ed in-th;e Tmcnorable fistic encounter
on the floor of the senate. Invitations
were out to a big dinner at the White
House, and Senator Tillman was ez
pected to be one of the honored
guests. But when Mr. Roosevelt
heard of the little scrap with the sen
ate floor as a -boxing ring, he prompt
ly withdrew the invitation that had
gone to Senator Tillman. From that
moment the latter declared loud and
long that he would never again enter
the White House while Mr. Roosevelt
was in it, and so far as known he
kept his promise.
No mqan in the senate, perhaps, had
a more bitter hatred of Mr. Roosevelt
than Senator Bailey and the pages of
the Congressional Record for the past
seven years will abundantly testify to
this fact. In this respect the Texan
outdid the Carolinian by two years
Senator Tillman staying away five
y,ears and Bailey seven. Bailey seldom
let an opportunity pass without rap
ping the president good and hard, and
many of the recommendations pnade
-by the latter were attacked by Bailey
as being utterly unconstitutional and
unable to stand the test of the courts.
SSenator Bacon, of Georgia, is an
other senator from the South who
brok-e with Mr. Roosevelt many years
ago. and who, now that President Taft
is in the White House, proposes at
onee to renew old relations. Like Till
man, he vowed many years ago that
he would never darken the doors of
the White House until there was a
new president, and again like Tillman
he kept his promise.
Another Southern senator, who has
already called on President . Taft to
hold out the .olive branch of peace. is
Raynor, of Maryland. Hie has been,
if possible, even more bitter towards
the late president than Bailey or any
of the others, and time and time again
-& has raked the chief executive fore
a~d aft. He thought, some years ago,
that' the president had not given Ad
Smiral Schley a square deal in the
Sampson-Sehley inquiry, and in the
events that followed subsequently,
and inasmuch as he has been a- life
long friend of Admiral Schley, he
stuck to him and repudiated Mr.
There have also been a large num
ber of Republican senators who broke
the bonds of friendship with Mr.
Roosevelt for one reason or another
who have already sworn allegiance to
President Taft. In fact events of the
past few days indicate that the new
president is soon to bring back into
the fold of peace and harmony prac
tically all of those who for one reason
or another fell out with Mr. Roose
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
* THE CITY SCHOOLS. *
After facing one defeat, after an
other' to'rtoise year of the school ques
tion, our representatives framed and
put through the legislature a bill,
aking a lone-needed improvement
in school conditions possible. Already
the "knockers'' have been heard
from . They say that we have a
"heavily taxed community.'' etc.
This is no new nor untrue ery. I have
eard it since before I could under
tand everything that fell from my
fat-er'.s lips. One editor approves
of a ta's for additional buildings, but
seems to frown at any sum worth
while for maintenance. Another edi
tor-and I quote: "What is needed
not so much additional teaching
oe: there are nearly teachers
nough: but we need some place to
each. instead of h1aving to cram a lot
f children inlto an old ramshackle.
ooden cottage and into a basement
om with low-ceiling and no ventila
ion on the sides.'' One acquainted
* th conditions knows how tragically
e the latter part of the statement
Sand how open to eballenge the first
ai':. I il'- l hwt 1 .11c 'ln ald sub
stance of editorial disapproval.
Studying carefully in the lines and
ibetween the lines the objections of
!our editors to the school act, I cannot
Isee that they feel or raise any stren
uous objections. They see where the
school bill might have been a little
better. After a thing is done it is
easy to see wherein there might be
improvement. We must remember
that the intelligence of editors is or
ought necessarily to be on the top
You want good roads; you want an
extension of the sewerage system. You
1have electric lights and you have
paved streets. Do you know that
there is something else that you have,
and that is a mighty rotten state of
affeirs in the education of your chil
dren in the primary grades, and fla
grant defects in the education of chil
dren of the high school grades. The
teachers say it is the fault of the par
ents. The parents say it is the fault
of the teachers. The fault is tha fault
of the people. They make and main
tain the schools. I enter into no
technical discussion. It all comes
round in the end to wrell e<pipped
school buildings and a proficient
tea,ching force. If it takes a four-mill
tax to secure ,these things, why vote
the two-mill tax. Other towns vote
it and manage to prosper.
Mr. E. S. Dreher, superintendent of
the public schools of Columbia, who
has recently visited schools in the
west, wzrites in the State of March 8:
"My first and most important obser
vation is this: When compared with
the schools mentioned, financially, we
seem to be playing at education here
in Columbia and the South generally.
The principals are paid salaries equa.
to and larger than the salaries of our
superintendents; and our maximum
salaries for grade and high school
teachers are less than their minimum.
"In Dayton, with a population of
130,000, the tax levy for school pur
poses is 9.65 mills on the dollar, and
this does not represent the entire in
come of the schools. . . . At
Dayton the total tax levy for the city
is 29 mills. . . . The tax levy for
school purposes in Columbia is five
mills. . . . As a result of more
money, the schools I visited are much
better equipped than ours, and the
buildings are more numerous and
much finer than ours."''
If Columbia is behind, Newberry is
but a speck on the horizon. She will
have to strain to catch up-not with
Dayton; she is under no obligation to
do that, but with Laurens, Florence,j
Deinna.rk and other live towns of
South Carolina. Speaking of the
South being behind other sections in
education, we all realize this. But is
it necessary that we forever remain
behind ? Let's quit hauling off blame
and burying it at the door of theI
poor old war. Let's ressurrect the
blame and hold ,a post-mortem. Re
maining behind in education means
that the South. the greatest section of
the globe, is not for the Southeruner
but for the northerner .or any other
'Train-Brains.'' The ' northierner
knows this, as well as ourselves, and
twits us with: '"Who pointed out the
possibilties of the South'? Who owns
the truck-farms of Florida? Who'
owns the capital stock in your large
factories'?'' There is the sting of
half truth here, just as there is the
sting in their claim that the north
would have recovered from the 'war
long 'before the South had ever begun
to. You noted wha.t Mr. 0. B. Mar
tin had to say along this line last faill
when he retnrned from the superin
tindent's association. Among other
enlightening things this, in the State
of October 21, 1908: ".Several educa
tional leaders in New England frank
ly told us that they are spending their
money and buildling up their schools
in order to retain and maintain their
industrial supremacy. They realize
that we 'have advantages and great re
sources in the South, but they propose:
to keep the lead, if possible through
the power of trained brain and train
Coming back to Newberry, it is said
that. after an additional building, our
only needs are a "few more teachers
and an increase in the salary of .some
of the teaching force.'' Let me em
phasize the latter part of the State
ment and say of it in p)assing that
there is one of this force who, hNving
labored for years quietly. foreefully
anid unlcompilaiigly. should have her
salary raised, an assistant given her.
~and when she choolses to retire should
retire on a pension. Even with this
tardy recognition Newberry would be
in debt to this woman. But there are
other needs. Let me mention a few
items, considered absolutely essential
in the first-class public schools, none
of which items Newberry has : A lab
oratojry and a teacher of science: a
teacher of art and songz: an instruec
tor in1 bookkeeing, ('onnneia(il airith
meie ete: : a gymnasium: a library;
an assembly room. Do you know that
it is because you do not provide any
of these things that you cannot get
your boy ankyog~ girl4to stay o,n in
he school themouh the 'high school
to another town or another State and
pouI \.Our mone oUt to enrich the
stranger. Provide educational facili
ties right here. Spend your money
and have it spent in your midst. And.
above all, keep your girl and your boy
thereby in the home as long as possi
ble. If a four-mill tax is necessary
to secure these thin-s-and it is
vote the tax. Instead of aceumulat
ing a hoard for these uneducated chil
dren of yours to throw away after you
have passed away, put a part of it
where it cannot be wasted.
You cannot afford to put the
stamp of ignorance on your commun
iL. 'or a few paltry dollars. You say
you need those paltry dollars for good
roads, sewarage and streets? R'call
what our ignorant ancestors did with
Rome's good roads, magnificent
streets and aqueducts: They turned
the water off and their pigs in. They
encamped in the Forum in their wa
gons long enough to use their battle
axes on the works of art and then
drove on. Look well to it that the
same sort of ignoran.ce destroy not
your great construction;. Educate
your children up to good roads and
not many minutes wil.,pass by before
good roads will come. You say there
is no need for a $40.000 building and
high-priced teachers? Anything cheap
in education is just as cheap as a
shoddy woolen. A ch-eap teacher is
cheap indeed. As for the building,
remember you are building for futu
rity. Do not build what posterity
will -have to tear down. Posterity will
not thank you.
Taking everything into considera
tion you ean stand the four-mill tax.
For better schools. means a better
town. Better educated children means
better and more eficient townsmen
for the future. More money may go
out of your pockets. but it goes into
the form of potential money. If the
tax makes e-conomy necessary yoU
could apply the pruning shears to
some of those trips you make to Co
lumbia or to New York. Or, as I un
derstand the act. if you find your
selves overburdened you can decrease
the tax by an election of the voters.
If you contemplate voting down
good schools weigh thk cost well. It
will cost you onl. a. few dollars apiece
more each yea.r. What it will return
you or yours is immeasurable. Re
member what von hear from the pul
pit-wheu th-e w"nt your money:
Money means a great deal, but it does
not mean hiappiness. You are too
wealthy now, some of you. It may
not hurt you, for you have gathered
strength in the strueg!e for gold. It
ma hurt your eti'L'en. Too much
money, money (out of proportion to
AMERICAN BEAUTY Style 43 1
Kalamazoo Corset Co., Make2
400 Bushels Purc Toole Cotton Seed
Bought direct ( f W. W. Toole, last
spring, and handled with SPECIAL
CARE since. Price. 75c. per bushel.
Also a limited number bushels of
Brooks' Favorite. Blazier's Defiance,
Cleveland Big Boll, and Alexander's
Money Maker, all at 90 cents per
bushel. Plant good seed and be con
vinced. My crop yielded this year 66
bales on 63 acres, on what I consider
very ordinary land.
Apply to-- J. L. Mayer,
Route 2. Newberry, S. C.
NOTICE TO TOWN DELINQUENTS
The Hon. J. J. Langford, mayor of
the city of Newherry, has placed in
my fiands executions for the collee
tion of delinquent city taxes for the
year's 1907 .and 1908, with instruc
+in to collect the same at once. Thia
loVe if luxury. Have you ever seen
a bee witi inmoIre pollen than she could
earr!y I re,,d o men of less sense
than a bee.
Kate L. Neel.
DISPENSARY CASE ON APRIL 5.
United States Supreme Court Will
Render Decision on That
Washington, March 15.-The South
Carolina dispensary case will proba
bly be decided on April 5. The case
was recently argued in the United
States supreme court, and it was an
nounced today that the court would
take a recess from next Monday until
April 5, fo,r the purpose of considering
several cases that -have recently been
argued. The dispensary case is among
these. It is not known yet who will
write the .6pinion.
BRYAN MAY BE A SENATOR.
Implies That He May Enter Nebras
ka Senatorial Race in 1911.
Chicago, March 15.-William J.
Bryan, in an interview today, left -the
impression that he would be a recep
tive, if not; an active, candidate for
the United States senatorship from
Nebraska ir 1911 to succeed Elmer J.
"I do not know yet whether I shall
be a candidate,'" said Mr. :Bryan. "If
there seems a good chance to elect to
the senate some other Nebraska De
mocrat, it will please me 'better than
to be a candidate myself. I would
not say that I would under no circum
stances accept the nomination, be
cause no one is wise enough to decide
on conditons.'in advance. I think the
Democratic party is in better condi
tion than at any time since 1892, and
has an excellent chance to control the
Au$nyonae nn aurketc and descrI tion ma
tonsrl'onidet e nutlal. HAU BOOK onPatents
Patents taken though Meufn &Co.rceive
spectaL not4ce, without chlarge, in the
Ahandsomely Illustrated weeKy Largest'cir
I n*tos fanysen*t'id*d"aa. e rms $ J a*
i choosing a corset, ex
cise good judgment in
te selection of this most
nportant article of ac
re, for upon such choice
pends the success of
ioch that makes a
Te recommend the.
A .AMAZOO CORSET CO.
fulfilling all such re
irements and t:he fas
dious woman who de
ands the best and latest
1 corset creations will
d pleasure and pride
i wearing them.
c., 50c., 75c. and $1.00
very Corset a Bargain.
). !KLE TT NE R
NEWBERRY, & C.
is to notify all persons of the city
who have not paid such taxes that
they can save costs by coming to me
and paying the same at once.
M. M. Buford,
Sheriff Newberry County.
Newberry, S. C., :Feb. 22, 1909.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
COUNTY OF' NEWBERiY.
In The Pr'obate Court.
The Creditors of the iate Wiliam
". Spearman are hereby regnre'd 1t.
ender in and establish their deuTL:;
ir this Court on or befo;' Z.e nine
tenth day of March, 1909, and ar'e
enjoined and restrained from enfore
ime. their demands elsewbere.
Fra.nk M. Schumpert,
Judge of Probate.
March 4, 1909.
The Commercial Bank of Newberry, S. C., con
densed from report to State Bank Examiner Novem
ber 27. 1908.
Loans............................... $268,751 87
Furniture and fixtures...................... 3,116 93
Overdrafts ................................ 12,645 6o
Cash and due from banks...................... 101,181 65
Capital stock...................... --- $50,ooo oo
Profits less expenses taxes paid............... 54,677 53
Dividends unpaid. .............. ............ 1,277 00
Cashier's Checks............................... 255 00
Re-discounts ....... ..................... 15,000 00
The Commercial Bank,
NEWBERRY, S. C.
JNO. M. KINARD, 0. B. MAYER, J. Y. McFALL,
President. Vice-President. Cashier.
WANTS YOUR BUSINESS.
We confess it. On the other
hand, we know we are justi
fiedin asking your patronage.
We offer you every facility
found in a modern institution.
Open an account with
TIE EXCHANGE BANK
ON JANUA RY 1 ST.
We Pa1 4 Per Cent. Interest in
Our Sayings Departmient.
J. D. DAVENPORT, E. R. HIPP,
President. V. Prdsident.
M. L. SPEARMAN, Cashier.
THE NEWBERRY SAYINGS DANK.
Capital $50,000 - - - Surplus $30,000
No Matter How Small, ree Matter How Large,
The Newberry Savings Bank
vill give it careful attention. Thils message
4pplies to the rmen and the women alike.
TAS. McINTOSH. J. E. NORWOOD,.
F resident. Cashier.
*The First Cough of the Season; i
Rven tho4ugh not severe, has a tendency to irritate the sensi
*tive membranes of the throat and delicate bronchial tubes.
Coughs then come easy all winter, every time you take the 0
*slightest cold. Cure the first cough before it has a chance to .
* set up an inflamatio. in the delicate capillary air tubes of theg
g lungs. The best remedy is QUICK RELIEF COUGH
SYRUP. It at once gets right at the seat of tr.-uble and re
S moves the cause. Itis free from Morphine and is as safetfor 0
W . chil as f.t ...dult. 25 centSaSt+
* MAYES' DRUG STORE. S