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WILL SEABROOK'S rAVELS
(By W. B. Seabrook.)
Special to Herald and News.
Policastro, Italy.-"In the steady
progress made by Italy since it be
name a United Kindgom, the South
has been dragged along as a dead
weight.'' At least so say the poli
tical economists, but my recent ob
servations while rambling in the Nea
politan Campania and on the Cala
brian coast almost lead me to be
lieve that it has not "dragged along'"
at all. The peasant population of this
part of the peninsula, enthincally dif
ferent from that of northern Italy,
appears to be out of touch with mod
ern influences, degraded, superstit
ious and illiterate, still groping in
the darkness of the middle ages,
though the fact is incontestible that
the race is physically one of the finest
The Calabrian mountaineers, th-e
contadini of the Bf.silicate, are endow
ed with a figure so well proportioned,
a body so marvellously poised, and
with such suple grace, that one can
easily forgive them their smallness
of stature as compared with the
nort'hern races. The physiongnomy
of the women, irregular but pleasing,
is mobile but full of expression. The
faces of the children, with their great
black eyes and delicately chiselled
mouths, are often lighted by a wist
ful gleam, apparently full of intel
ligence but the sordid life to which
the majority are' eondemned usually
ends by extinguishing the flame and
coarsening the features.
The !history of these people partial
ly explains their present state. In
the dpoch of the free cities and re
publics, which formerly flourished in
certain parts of Italy, the country
which composed the kindgom of Na
0 ples never enjoyed a moment of real
liberty, it simply changed. one master
for another. Every new conqueror,
turn by turn, either pillaged or meth
odically oppressed the unhappy peo
ple. With the exception of Amalfi,
no Neapolitan city was ever blessed
with the privilege of administering
its own affairs. The geographical
position of the country particularly
exposed it to depradation. Occupy
ing va central point in the Mediter
aneatn, it was visited by all the pi
rates and most of the invaders whose
~fleets from time to time coursed that
sea, by Saracens, Orientals, Spanish,
French and even their brethren of the
Piedmont. The absence of all natural
ohesion between the diverse regions
tions from achieving the combination
essential to effective existence; south
ern Italy has no great river basin like
those of Umbria, Tuscany, Lombardy
and Rome, that is to say, it has no
"center of gravity," and its popula
tion, like its streams, scatters and
flows pell-mell in a thousand direct
ions. It is this lack of geographical
unity that has deprived the country
of historic unity and retarded its
Tihe political regime under which
the subjects of the kingdom of Naples
lived, not only a century ago, but
right up to the moment they were
deliverd by Victor Emmanuel II, was
little better than slavery; all desire
for progress, all personal initiative
was systema:tically stifled.
"Mon peuple n-'s besoin de pen
ser!" (My people have no need to
think,) wrote in Freneh -the infamous
knight of Naples, Ferdinand II, and
the utterance of an idea or even a
single word, which the royal censors
had forbidden through fear of ignor
ance, was treated as a crime and pun
ished with gruel severity.
Sehools were scarcely known, with
rthe exception of the subsidized uni
versity, and the few other institutions
of learning were under the constant
suveillance of a suspicious and igno
Srant police. This is in no sense AN
CIENT HISTORY. It is a true por
traal of conditions remembered by
men living. Only forty years ago
persons who could read and write
were looked upon with disfavor, and
in order to be accused of belonging
to some secrer society-a capital
crime-were compelled to c.onceal
their knowledge. No wonder the mas
ses of the common people are illit
erate today! No wonder media eva-i
supertition has retained its hold up
on the publie mind ! No wonder they
believe, as (did their ancestors, mn
spells andl evil spirits and all manner
of miracles!I And they are, indeed,
literally steeped in superstition. All
the world knows with what abomin
able idolatry the Neapolitan popula
tion every yeari precipitates itself at
the feet of St. January 's silver effigy,
and what insults they heap upon his
aureoled head when he is a little
tardy in liquefying his miraculous
blood. Parallel scenes are constant
lv oceuring in the little churches of
the Campaniai. Each village has its
*patron saint. or rather its local god,
or still more properly speakimg, its
ol This effigy, usually of gilded
W. Hd, iS i lid in "earsonle
Yk!%ev 11 . I)LIt if. pIcllaneT, the g )d
fails to )otect his peuple, lie is sub
jected to rude indignities.
Not long ago, the villages of a
little community south of Naples, ir
ritated by a long drougth, tore their
venerated saints from their shrines,
imprisoned some of them, hanged
some of them, "drowned" and "tor
tured" others. Verily, if one hap
pens to be an Italian saint, there are
certain advantages in having a wood
en body. But these savage Contadini
are not always content to wreak their
vengeance on inanimate objects, and
Barletta has the ignominious distinct
ion of being the last city in Europe
to burn a martyr at the stake be
cause of his religious belief.
One of the most remarkable local
superstitions is that of the "evil eye"
and the unhappy Italian who hap
pens to have an aquiline nose and a
piercing glance is held in 'horror as
a "jettatore," a caster of spells, and
no matter how honest, how gentle the
poor fellow may be, he is shunned
like a leper. If by chance a native
is exposed to the terrible influence
of his eyes, it is necessary to cross
the fingers or touch some sacred
charm or amulet, usually -having the
same form as the ancient "fasci
num." Those in coral are the most
in vogue, and I have been surprised
to learn that many educated persons
who r. rend to laugh at the super
stition, always keep on the safe side
by having a tiny charm secretly sus
pended around the neck. As for the
peasants,' they not only carry these
amulets constantly upon their bbdies,
but often wear upon their breast, be
neath the shirt, a lithographed pic
ture of some saint, to protect them
from the knife blades and bullets.
Their homes and even their stables
are defended by "lares," small im
ages like those which Virgil describes
Aeneas -as bearing away from the
burning walls of Troy. The dwel
lings are further protected against
evil spirits by a species of cactus
planted just outside the door or in an
amp'hora upon the balcony, -and
throughout all southern Italy the
plant is known only by the name ''al
bero del anal' occohiio,''-the tree
of the evil eye."
Next to ignorance and superstition,
the greatest curse of southern Italy
is brigandage. The very word "Cal
abria,'' no matter where or in what
language it is pronounced, invokes in
ariably the t.hought of fierce, pic
turesque robber bands, roaming the
mountains, withi plumed hat, rifle and
stiletto. Unhappily zhe proverbial
Calabrian bandit is not merely a
dramatic myth or comic opera hero.
Ie is a fact. He is not so numer
ous as in "ye olden tyme,'' but neith
er changes of .governments nor sever
ity of law, neither promises of for
giveness nor grim man 'hunts legalized
lynching parties,) not even the mount
ed police armed with Krag Jorgen
ses and soft no.sed bullets, no, not
even th?raihroads, whic.h are the most
moderninzing >f all influences, h. e
been able to0 miae him disappear. 09
ten after prolorged campaigns ar.'
numerous general battles, the Neapoli
tan newspapers announce in flaminrg
bieadliies t ha t ne -complete ext .'r
mination .:t :,rigandage has been ac
omr,ube 1, and the brave police re
eive the omeiial felicitations of the
kin., bhL t:es v eek the murders an.1
roberies break out with -renewed vig
or in -another section of the Cam
pania. The trouble is that when the
soldiers .and police are in the field.
t'h very wiliest of the bandits sit
peacefully before their -huts in the
sunshine or pursue for the moment
some peaceful occupation as a
It is not always t.he vendetta, no,t
always the mere love of rapine and
blooshed that eause the Calabrian
peasants to become outlaws. More
frequently it is poverty. In this
country, where feudal land tenure,
long ago abolished in name, still ex
ists in fact, the tillable land is prac
tically all in the hands of a few great
proprietors, many of whom are 'hard
and unscrupulous, and the result is
t'hat the honest laboring peasant is
little better .off than a serf. In. the
ears of abundance, "'i anni grassi,''
which literally means '"the fat years,''
when the grain and wine suffice to
keel) him and his family from actual
want. he labors without complaint,
b;t when hunger drives him to des
peraton,. he b)ecomes a b)andit. Unit
jin is against their common enemy,
the landlorde.r (gualano) t'he peas
:Ut5 so)metimes burn his villa, stam
pede his eattle, and. if possible, seize
the man hiimself, to hold him for
ranom. Taking this first step in re
vee and despair, they find them
ele withiout the pale of the law,
ad naturally take to robbery as a
ty.Some of. t'hem. crazed by the
sih of blood, become veritauble
demon, but as long as they confine
t'he depradations within the origi
n lly interested limits and rob only
the rich,. they count upon the aid and
sympathy of the gieneral peasantry,
practically on the shepherds, who
rn .I w m ce ee,
d1 wl 1 p ib l pu1t their Pursters
On a false trail. The whole peasant
ppulation is leagued with them and
cannot be bribed or pursuaded to de
nounee them to the authorities or
even to appear as witnesses.
Einigra.tion has begun to relieve
the situation by furnishing new fields
of adventure -and new opportunities
of gaining a livelihood for these half
savage but not naturally vicious lower
classes, the public schools and rail
ways are slowly but surely having
t'heir effect, and the great factories
which have sprung up in the last gen
eration and furnishing employment
for thousands, but the time is yet far
distant when the famed Calabrian
bandit will have utterly disappeared.
THE NEW IDEA WOMAN'S MAG
AZINE FOR MAY.
In the New Idea Woman's Maga
zine for May, Mary Garden describes
vividly her struggle for fame. In an
article entitled "Moments I Remem
ber in My Life," she recalls her first
triumphs in opera and incidentally
gives good advice to girls who have
an ambition to become singers. Char
lotte Perkins Gilman considers "The
Money Value of Women's Work"
from the point of vie'w of the possible
economic independence of every
housewife. Overton Westfeldt Price
discusses "Why We Should Cele
brate Arbor Day'" and makes a
strong plea for the conservation of
Other features of the month are:
"Friends of the Immigrant Gi-rl,"
by Ethel Colson; "When Moving
Day Comes" by Mary Taylor-Ross;
"The Possibility of .a Late Garden"
by Ida D. Bennett, and "Social Ben
efits You Should Know Abuot" by
In addition to these are practical
suggestions to the woman'in the busi
ness world, the housekeeper and the
The fiction of the month includes
"Mad River," a story of unusual
quality by Bailey Millard; "Mrs.
Leed's Waitress," an amusing tale
by Theodosia Garrison; "The House
of Danger," a serial by Ann De
voore, and "The Sun-Dial," a seriall
by Fred M. White.
T.he latest spring fashions are re
viewed with timely advice concern
ing possible variations for the sum
mer. The newest hats and the latest
coiffures are pictured, and "Pretty
Things for the Summer Girl" are
carefully enumerated. The number
is bright, entertaining and instruct
ive. The magazine is a periodical that
should find welcome in every home.
"How'dy, Brutus?" greeted the
tall thespian as they met on Clark
street. "They tell me you .are about
to start out on the road with a real
"I should say so," laughred the
moon-cheeked manager with the big'
cane and the headlight diamond,
"I 'ye got the real thing. It is an up
to-date 'Uncle Tom's Cabin.' "
"Oh, pshaw; I 've heard of up-to
date 'Uncle Tom's Cabin's before."
"Yes, but this is the real goods,
old chap. Listen! Liza crosses the riv
er in a motor boat; Legree chases her
in a .50-horse power automobile and
Little Eva goes to Paradise in an air
ship. Can you beat that ?" -Chicago
Can social wine-drinking-a snare
to many-be practiced in the name of
DAME FASHION ti
AMERIAN BAUTY tyle( 3 l
KaIamazooCorset Co., Makers -
I Or; MAID t
Touch His Pocket Nerve.
-IJenry. you look very pale. What's
".I was stung to the quick by an
adder this afternoon.'
"How did it happen'?"
" Why, I dropped in at the bank
and the bookkeeper told me my ac
count was overdrawn. '-London
A typ to-dyn.
Has cured itch magically for others
in Newberry and will cure for you.
For sale at
Does any tobacco-user indulge in
the filthy habit in the name of the
FREE TRIP to 'Ae
ARE YOU ONE
of the many thous
anda who want to
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has insituted anew
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to put within the
reach of every one an opportunity to
see the FAR WEST. Write for
Sample Copy..:.:. :::.. ::
For full particulars address -
Sunset Travel CluI
16 Flood Building, San Francisco, Cal.
Vinol is sold in Newberry by
Wm. Pelham & Son.
NOTICE OF FINAL SETTLEMENT
I will make a final settlement of the
estate of Sumter Jones, deceased, in
the probate court of Newberry coun
ty on Friday, April 9, at eleven
o'clock in the forencon, and immed
iately thereafter apply for letters
dismissory as administrator of said
estate. All persons 1having claims
against said estate will present the
same on or before said date.
John C. Goggans, C. C.,
Administrator Smter Jones, deceas
it strengthens and vitalizes
Vinol tones up the digestive organs,
aids assimilation, enriches the blood,
and rejuvenates every organ in the
body. In this natural manner Vinol
replaces weakness with strength.
We are positive .It wll beneat every
old person who will give It a trial
If it don't we will refund their money.
William E. Peiham & Son
Schoosing a corset, ex
eise good judgment in
e selection of this mostJ
aportant article of at
re, for upon such choice
spends the success of
och that makes a
iarming a ppe aranc e .
le recommend the
(A AMAZOD CORSET' CO.
fulfilling all such re
uirements and the fas
dious woman who de
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1 wearing them.
5c., 50c., 75c. and $1.00)
very Corset a Bargain.
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0HABLESTON & WESTERN CAR
Schedule in effect May 31, 1908.
Lv. Newberry(C N & L) 12:56 p.m.
Ar. Laurens 2:02 p.m.
Lv. Laurens (C & W C) 2:35 p.m.
Ar. Greenville 4:00 p.m.
Lv. Laurens 2:32 p.m.
Ar. Spartanburg 4:05 p.m.
Lv. Spartanburg (So. Ry.) 5:00 p.m.
Ar. Hendersonville 7:45 p.m.
Ar. Asheville 8:50 p.m.
Lv. Laurens (C & W C) 2:32 p.m.
Ar. Greenwood 3:32 p.m.
Ar. McCormick 4:33 p.m.
Ar. Augusta 6:15 p.m.
Tri-Weekly Parlar Car line be
ween Augusta and Asheville. Trains
os. 1 and 2, leave Augusta Tuesdays,
hursdays and Saturdays, leave
sheville Mondays, Wednesdays and
Note: The~ above arrivals and de
artures, as well as connections with
ther companies, are givenr as infor
iation, and are not guaranteed.
Gen. Pass. Agt.,
Geo. T. Bryan,
Greenvi]ne, S. C.,
NEWBEERY UTNION STATION.
rrival and Departure of Passenger
Trains-Effective 12.01 A. M.
Sunday, June 7th, 1908.
o. 15 for Greenville .. . .8.57'a.m.
o. 18 for Columbia .. . .1.40 p.m.
o. 11 for Greenvil.. .,.20 p.m.
o. 16 for Columbia . ... .8.47 p.m.
C., N. & L E
No. 22 for Columbia .. . .8.47 a.m.
To. 52 for Greenville .. 12.56 p.m.
o. 53 for Columbia .. . .3.20 p.m.
No. 21 for Laurens .. . .7.25 p.m.
Does not ran on Sunday
This time table shows the times at
hich -trains may bea peeted to de
art from tiiis' stailon,. tit their de
arture is -niot guaranteed and the
ime shown is subject-to change with
G3. L. Rchinson,
Pome good square Pianos from $4 to $75
Some good used organs from' 525 to 145
Should the purchasers of these instruments'
desire to exchange themi in a few years fvr.
a ne p=n we win1 allow their marketg
value as a cred:t oni the new pianos. ,h
Write at once for particulars, as bargains.+
Malone's Music House,
"The Home of Good Instruments'
COLU.MDIA, s. C.
EXUSION RLATES VIA
To Charleston, S. C., Columbia, S.
C., Spartanburg, S. C., and
Washington ,D. C.
To' Charleston and return:--Ac
ount Meeting of Shriners the South
ri Railway announces very low
rund traip rates. Tickets will be
mid April 21 and 22 limited for re
urn, leaving Charlest.on not later
han midnight, April 23, 1909.
'To Columbia and return:-Account
n Like Work
it a little LAVADURA in the
China and glassware are
magic, grease disappears from
Lns, milk bottles are thoroughly
I so easily.
oftens the Water"
best, most harmless cleanser ever
I and flannel goods washed in Lava
shrink nor harden-colored goods
makes washing and all cleaning
)rk. Try it and see. A 5 cent
>rove its value.
it at Grocers and Druggists
cent and 10 cent packages
A little Lavadura in
mr bath makes vou
lglad you useait.
Musical Festival very low round trip
tickets will be sold April 21, 22 and
23 limited for return, leaving Colum
bia not later than midnight April
To Spartanburg and return:-Ae
count South Atlantic States Musical
Festival very cheap round trip tick
ets will be sold, April 19, 20, 21, and
22 for trains scheduled to arrive in
Spart-anburg before noon April 23,
1909. Limited for return, leaving
Spartanburg not later than midnight
April 24th, 1909.
TTo Washington, D. C., and re
turn :--Accoun!t Annual Meeting
Daughters of the American Revolu
tion, Washington, D. C., very low
round trip tickets will be on sale Apr.
15 and 16 only, from all stations,
limited for return, leaving Washing
ton up to and including, but hot later
than midnight, April 28th, 1909.
For detailed information, tickets,
etc., apply to Southern Railway tick
et agents or -address,
J L. Meek,
Asst. General Passenger Agent,
3. C. Lusk,
Division Passenger Agent,
Charleston, S. C. -.
IN~COME TAX RETURNS.
All persons liable to an income tax
are hereby notified that the time for
making returns of such incomes has
been extended to May 1. After that
date the penalty of fifty per cent.
must attach upon all who have then
failed or refused to make such re
Under instructions from the comp
troller general, who is required under
the statute laws of this State to trans-.
mit instructions as to the provisions
f the tax -laws, I am directed "In
ease any person refuses or fails to
fie or swear to said returns to pro
eed to assess the amount of their~
inome upon information and belief
and add thereto a penalty of fifty per
cent, and :chst.ge the aggregate uponi
te tax duplicate.'' Blanks .for. mak
ing these returns may be had upon
aspplication and those liable to this
tax will please secure blanks and
make returns before May 1.
Eug. S. Werts,
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF NEWBERRY.
Court of Common Pleas.
Mary A.'Spehl, Plaintiff,
Theodore H. Spehl, et al., Defend
Dv virture of an order of the court
herein, I will sell at public auction
at Newberry Court House S. C., with
in the legal hours of sale, on Monday,
April 5th, 1909, all that lot of land
lying and being situate in the county
of Newberry anil State afo.resaid,
about one and one-half miles -east of
the town of Newberry, S. C., same be
ing lot No. 8 of the lands of Theo
dore Speail, deceased, containing 107
feet by 150 feet, and bounded by lots
Nos. 9 and 7 of said estate and a 40
ft street and Johnstone street.
Terms of sale: One-half cash and
thh balance in 12 months with interest
on credit portion to be seen'red a he
bond of the purchaser and a mort
gage of the premises sold, with leave
*to pay all cash. Purchaser to pay
for papers and recording of same.
H. H. Rikarcd. Maser.