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ThE LAND OF STONES.
Herzegovina and the Balkan Dead
If on a clear night you look through
a telescope at the full moon and see
the mountains lighted by the sun you
will have some notion of Montenegro!
and Herzegovina. Of both these coun
tries is told the legend that the devil,
flying over the earth with a sack of
stones, dropped his burden on this
corner of the Adriatic.
Mountains may inspire poetry and
patriotism, but these indigenous prod
ucts do not satisfy the hunger of man.
And this is the root of the matter in
'Herzegpvina-the people ask for
bread and are given a stone. Of course
the government is the unnatural fath
er-and the last is always the worst.
Fo,rv years ag It was the Turk who
made tae government-and the stone;
and now the Austrain has taken his
place-and his blame.
Poverty mated to fanaticism
whether 0hristian or Moslem-are a
hard couple to lead or to drive. And
Bosnia and Herzegovina have more
than their share of both as .history
r shows from that fateful 'day when Old
Servia was slain by the sword of Ma
hommed on the field of Kossovo, and
the Slavs, disdaining th-e h-elp of
Rome, accepted the sultan in prefer
ence to the pope. The inveterate hate
'for centuries -has divided the Roman
and Greek churches gave the Balkans
to the Turk, and the rich families
became Moslems in order to keep
their estates; while the poor, having
nothing to lose,'were under no neces
sity to lose their faith. Thus are the,
landowners Moslem beys, while the
peasants are Orthodox Greek in Bos
nia and Roman Catholic in Herzegov
The Turk having no zeal for re
forming himself, is never insistent on
reforming others, and these divisions
of religion -and riches remained un
disturbed for centuries. But the
strain proved too great, and Bosnia
and Herzegovina strove to throw off
the Mahammedan yoke. Russia, ev
er sympathetic with Slavs, came to
their aid, and was rewarded by see
ing the two provinces rescued from
the Turk-and consigned to the Aus
trian. T'he united wisdom of Europe,
subtly guided by Prince Bismack, so
decided and enshrined its resolve in
the famous treaty of Berlin.
And now history is performing one
-of those somersaults by which she
shows her contempt for statecraft.
Greek, Christian and Moslem having
fought and separated thirty-five years
r ago, are uniting and to demand the
return of the sultan 's suzerainty.
Thus-as you see--poverty and -re
ligion are the secrets of the woes of
Bosnia and Herzegovina-and of these
r poverty is the greatest~ Of the peo
ple less than one half belong to the
Greek church, and of the remainder
the Mohammedans are twice as many
as 'the Catholies. And nearly 90 per
cent of the population is dependent
on the soil. What this means in
Herzegovina you may see without
traveling far f-rom the railway.- In
the wilderness of rock and stone the
oases are few, and the people live
on the razor edge of starvation.
To -adopt the peasant's opinion of
the Austrian rule would be as foolish
as to judge :the social and economic
conditions of Great Britian by the
midnight assembly of the hungry on
the Thames embankment. From his
hovel and his crop of stones, where
a goat would have to be busy to grow
fat, he would point to the places of
the ~Roman Catholic arehbishop in
Mastar and to the wirie cellars ad
joining, whieh show that 'his emin
ence has interest in commerce as well
as in souls. This natural antagonism
ofpoverty is intensified by impending
famine. owing to the failure of crops
lastautmn,by Slav agitation roused
by the Austrian annexation ,o) the
provinces, and by Austrian suspicion
as manifested through thme agricul
tural banks established some years
ago to 'help the needy cultivator. But
gratitude for benevolence is never an
frasset of governments, and is not like
ly to be exuberant under military
pressure and politieal agitation.
Not for a moment are people allow
ed to forget that Austrian rule means
armed occupations. Towns and vil
lages are g'arrisoned, railways are
stronglyV held, tunnels and culverts
are guarded night and day, patrols
move restlessly along the borders
whic'h are open to raids and the smug
gling of rifles from Montenegro. Her
zegovina, in short, has the aspect of
a country invaded and convulsed by
war. Yet the populace is unarmed
and a rising would be madness.
For the political causes of discon
tent you must look to Sarajevo-the
capital of Bosnia. Mostar-the cap
ital of Herzegovina--has agitators and
journals that disappear under the
wand of the eensor. but they are
strong only in Sarajevo. where a comn
miittee of five Othodox Greek Chris
tians and five Moslems directs and
cont rols the 'aitation. I used the
wor "conrols advisedly, being
een~1V1inced that thlese ichl mere-hants
wll to tho lawyers and Moslem land
owniers will never risk their substance
for a shadow. They may hold con
ferences in railway trains, they may
resent the proselytizing activity of
Roman Catholics, and the preference
given to Austrians and Hungarians
in the service of the state. But these
conferences and complaints are not
new, and Pan-Slavist agitation, like
the Nationalist movement in Ireland,
is a powerful lever for extracting con
cessions. This brotherhood of Mos
lei and Christian is new, however,
and its novelty may well provoke sus
picion. For generations both Bos
nia and Herzegovina strove to remove
the Moslem yoke which they profess
to be anxious to restore-with pre
cautions. It is easy enough for com
fortable, middle aged merchants and
lawyers and landlords, secure behind
the walls of Sarajevo, to devise plans
for a new Moslem saddle that shall
be placed on the back of Europe and
not on themselves.
But what do the people of Boshia
say? Their answer is characteristic
of the Balkans. Twelve months ago
the provience was peopled with Ser
vians. Today they tell you they are
Bulgars. Yet they are the same peo
ple-only the conditions have chang
ed. Bulgaria has proclaimed a Czar
Ferdinand in the place of a Prinee
Ferdinand and in the Balkan penin
sula a race is as easy to change as
Poverty does not press heavily on
the masses in Bosnia as in Herzegov
ina. The country is rich in natural
resou-rces and Austria has done much
to develop them, though she might
have been more prudent in the choice
of capitalist instruments.
And prosperity counts-even in the
''What I fear most is ingratitude,'
said one of the most militant agita
tors. ''I was out in the insurrection
of 1874-a major in the rebel arm.
We endured many privations and loss
es, but these sustained by the spirit
of patriotism and the consciousness
that we were fulfilling the dearest
wishes of our people. One day, rag
ged and hungry. we came to a village
on the border of Vovi Bazar. Our
hearts beat fast at the welcome that
awaited- us. The people for whose lib
ertv we had suffered and shed our
blood came out to meet us, and over
w'helmed us-with curses. They gave
us food-such food as we never
dreamed peasants knew. 'Of these
luxuries and of shelter you 'have rob
bed us,' they cried and t'heir curses
made bitter their bread.''
'History has a habit of repeating
itself in the Balkans.-Lon don Daily
LEVER HAS WON GREAT FIGHT.
Oversight as to Basic Slag Was Also
Corrected.-Farmers of South
Carolina Saved $250,0Q0.
Washington, April 9, 11:54 a. m.
E. J. Watson, Columbia, S. C.
.Potash salts provided for by com
mittee amendment late yesterday;
that much won certain; think will
win on basic slag; am fighting.
A. F. Lever.
Washington, April 9, 1:30 p. m.
E. J. Watson, Columbia,~ s. C.
Basic slag to free list; amendment
just adopted; fight entirely won in
both. A. F. Lever.
The foregoirag telegrams received
by Commissioner Watson and the fol
lowing special received by The Rec
ord from its Washington correspond
ent earlier in the day tell their own
W-ashinigto, April 9.-The commit
tee of the whole -house will reach t'he
paragraph on potash and potash salts
to-day and Representative Lever is
confident that the demands he -has
presented to the Payne committee for
removing the possible duty of 20 per
cent will be acceded to a;; the duty
removed. Pledges to this effect have
been given the South Carolinian and
the bulk of the paragraph at issue
has already been changed as far as
the Payne committee is concerned. Mr
Lever expects little opp)osition~ to the
change when the committee'.) amend
ment is offered in the house.
Mr. Lever this morning received
the following teleg.ram from Commis
sioner Watson. referring to success
with the Payne committee:
"'Good boy. Congratulations. E. J.
Mr. Lever this morning said that
his whole deleg:tion -had stood be
hind him in his fight. When ques
tioned as to -the effect of the amend
ment that will be introduced, Mr.
ever had this to say: -
"'I hv received numerous resolu
tons from various farmers' organi
anions throughout the State and
have, beenI materially aided by the en
tirne South Carolina deleg-ation and
other nrembers of congress in this
figh t. Commissioner Watson and
Prf Harper have responded prompt
i2n1:1ihn and data and have aided
us materially. I made the statement
ill my speech oil Saturday night that
this country consumed ten million
dollars' wort-h of potash salts I have
received from the German Kali
works, the principal importers of this
substance, a letter this morning in
which they make the statement that
during the year 1908 potash salts
cost this country nine million dollars,
so that I was not far wrong as to the
facts in the matter. Assuming that
the figures of the German Kali works
are correct, a 20 per cent duty would
mean a tax of $1,800,000 to the far
mers of the South and according to
the figures of Prof. Harper and Com
missioner Watson a burden of over
one-quarter of a million to the far
mers of South Carolina. I am very
happy, of course, over the outcome of
this fight, .which I have every right
to believe is won. The committee yes
terday morning adopted an amend
I ment taking the duty off potash salts
and while this has not been passed
upon- by the house I have every as
surance that it will be and while in
advertently basic slag was overlook
ed, I have assurances that this will
be attended to at this morning's
meeting of the committee. If I am
correct in my assumptions the fight
-has been won all along the lines and
it is a victory worth fighting for. The
farmers of the State are to be con
NEGRO SHOOTS WHITE MEN.
W. B. Causey and Jesse Sheppard
Wounded Near Hampton.
Hampton, April 11.-Mr. W. B.
Causey, clerk of Court 'for this coun
fy, and Mr. Jesse Sheppard, a white
man living near Hampton, were shot
here last night by a negro man known
as "Peg Leg" Hughes. The particu
lars of the shooting are not obtain
able. Mr. Ca5sey was shot through
the body and has been taken to a hos
pital in Augusta to be treated. Mr.
Sheppard received a bullet in his
right arm, which was removed after
Hughes was arrested this morning
by Mr. D. H.'Reid and was turned
over to Sheriff Light-sey and Deputy
Sheriff Anderson who carried tha ne
gro to Columbia f6r safekeeping.
Hughes has served time in the Peni
MR. CAUSEY DIES OF WOUYNDS.
Clerk of Court of Hampton Succumbs
to Injuries Insflicted by "Peg
Augusta, Ga., April 12.-Mr. W. B.
Causey, clerk of court of Hampton,
who was shot and fatally wounded
Sunday afternoon at his home, died
this afternoon in a local hospital af
ter being given .all of the medical at
tention known to science. His case
was considered hopeless from the
start. Mr. Causey was shot by a
negro; "Peg Leg" Hughes, for no ap
parent cause. The negro was arfrest
ed and hustled off to Columbia for
sa-fekeeping. Mr. Causey was brought
to Augusta by Drs. Folk and Harvey.
ISLAND HELLO GIRLS.
Ma.ny Come From the Best Families
In the Philippines.
Victor F. Ward, a civil engineer of
Manila, who is visiting this country
on leave of absence, speaking of the
.Filipino "hello" girls to a Washing
Iton Herald reporter, said that they
come from the best families of the
islands take their work i>re serious
lv than -their fair-skinned sister of the
"She has 'her servant," said Mr.
W\Tard, "who is also her chaperon, to
Iaccompany her to the office, earrying
her lunch, and w'ho calls to take 'her
back to the 'security of her home when
the gong rings on har day 's work.
"'T-he Spanish custom of never' per
mitting an unmarried woman above
the age of 12 to leave the portals of
her casa unaccompanied still prevails
with both Spaniards and Filipinos of
the better class.
"'T'he fact t'hat the field of labor,
aside from domestic service, for the
Filpin gil i solimited, make?s em
ploymnent in tis line especially desir
able and much sought after by the
daughters of t'he well-to-do Filipinos.
Hence to be a 'hello' girl in the Phil
ippines is tan honor, carrying with it
prestige and entry into the best soci
''To serve a' 'eentrA' in M;mnila a
girl must speak and und.:a-andl Eng
lish. Spanish and Tagaog,q and some
of them p)ossess a working knowledge
of Chinese and other Oriental tongues,
"As the word hurry is nuknown in
the Far East, so likewi.c is it often
necessary for an impatient subseribe::
to curbl his temper wheni telephoning
But the tones of the duleet voiced
oper'ator, 'dhe lyne ess besee, s:enor,'
YOU WANT THE PRETTIEST
YOU CAN GET
And yet you do not want the cost to be too
much. Well, just come and
WE WILL SHOW YOU
A. the softest, silkiest and sheeriest mercerized
stuff on the market. Mr. Mercer certainly
used the Wand of the Wizzard and put the
within the reach of the most modest
COLORS, DID YOU SAY? DELICATE! EXQUISITE!
Lilac, Pink, Blue, Gray, and of course
White and Black.
Crepe, plain and figured effects. Prices
15 to 50 cents, Come and see them.
A number of gentlemen, residing in Newberry County, and desirous of
improving the stock of New'oerry Coufity, have formed themse&7s in, a
company, known as The Carolina S Loek Breeders Association. The Asso
ciation are offering the seraiees of thLeir richly colored stand.a .d-bred horss
at $25.00, to insure a coa. -T11e pedigree of this horse is as follows:
CERTIFICATE No. 65,123
THE TROTTING STANDARD.
AMERICAN TROTTING REG3ISTER.
OFEICIA L CERTIFICATE.
This is to certify that Prince Cecilian, 41558, 'has been duly registered
as standard under Rule 1, in Vohunme XVII, of The American Trotting Re
gister, 'and the pedigree can there be traced in the following form:
41558: Prince Cecilian, (1) brh foaled 1903; by Cecilian Chief, 33698;
dam Condula, by Princeps, 536; grandam)Miss Fanny, by Hamlet,
160, etc.(C See Condula, Vol. V.) Bred by J. G. Cecil, Danville, Ky..
.Cecilian Chief, 33,698(Ci1a II90
lLady Norvetta, 2:13%
- JL (Miss-Fanny
Given under my hand and seal at Chicago, Ill. this 29th day of March,
A. D., 1906.
(Signed) Frank E. Best, Registrar.
This horse will be found at the feed and livery stable of Mr. B. T. Bishop,
who has full charge and management. This is such a rare opportunity to
obtain the services of a highly bred animal at such a reasonabl-e price
that it is deemed unnecessary to say more than to invite those wishing to
raise colts to an inspection of this animal.
THE NEWODIRY SAVINGS DANK,
Capital $50,000 - - - Surplus $80,000
No Matter How Small, trc' Matter How Large,
The Newberry Savings Bank
vill give it careful attentionk. This message
pple s to the men and th'e women alike.
S. McINTOSH. s. E, NORWOOD,