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MATTHEW CALBRAITH BUTLER
Major General Matthew Calbraith
Butler was one of the conspimous
figures in the military anil political
activities of his native Stun. and of
the South,and it was wi'.h dist-n
guished honor to himself and to 1:is
constituency that for near'y two de
eades he represented the Palmetto
State in the national engress.
Gen. Butler was born near firEen
ville, South Carolina, on the 6th of'
March, 1836. He caue from a line
of distinguished -nens and of a
-family of which the n tui has reason
to be proud.
His father was Dr. William Butler,
an assistant surgeon in the United
States navy, and a congressman in
1641. His mother, Jane T. Butler,
ws a daughter of Capt. Perry, of the
United States navy, of Newport,
- Rhode Island, and was a sister of
Commodore Oliver H. Perry and Mat
thew Calbraith Perry.
Judge A. P. Butler, United States
senator, and Gov. Pierce M. Butler,
colonel of the Palmetto regiment and
killed at Cherubuseo, were his uncles;
his grandfather, Gen. William Butler,
was a gallant officer in the American
army in the Revolutionary war, and
his great-grandfather, Capt. James
Butler, a native of Loudon county,
Virginia, was the founder of the fam
ily in South Carolina.
When yet- a young boy, M. C. But
ler went with his father to Arkansas.
After the death of his father he re
turned to this, his native State, in
1851, .and made his home with Sena
tor A. P. Butler, his uncle, near Ed
gefield. A home was offered to him
by others of his uncles and had he
accepted their proffer, doubtless his
energies would have found activity
to distinguish him in the naval arm
of the government. It is interesting
to speculate upon what might have
As the ward of his uncle, Senator
A. P. Butler, he matriculated as a
student and was educated at the
Sorth Carolina Co".oq, Afterwards
he read law, and was admitted to
practice in 1857. A year later he
married Maria, daughter of Gov. F.
W. Pickens. In 1860 he was elected
to the legislature of South Carolina,
but before the conclusion of his term
he entered the military service of hiz
State as captain of a- company of
cavalry in Hampton's legion.
His Career in War.
This command distinguished itself
in the first battle of Manassas, and
Capt. Butler was promoted major, his
promotion to this rank dating from
July 21. This was the beginning of
his famous career in the cavalry of
the Army of Northern Virginia.
He commanded the cavalry of the
legion under Stuart in .the withdraw
al of they troops from Yorktown, and
was warmly commended for gallantry
In Augist, 1862, he was promoted
-to colonel of the Second regiment,
South Carolina cavalry, Hampton's
brigade, and in this rank he partici
pated in the second Manassas and
Maryland campaigns, winning favor
able mention for gallant leadership
in Stuart's Chambersburg raid.
He commanded the main part of
this brigade in the Dumfries expedi
tion in December, 1862, and in June,
1863 he was one of the most eon
spicuous leaders in the famous caval
ry battle of Brandy Sitton. Here he
was severely wounded by a shell, los
ing his right foot, and promotion to
. brigadier general followed in Septem
Having returned to service before
his wound healed, he was sent home
to recover. He succeeded Gen. Hamp
tou in brigade command, and took
part in the fall campaigns of the army
in 1863, - and throughout the famous
struggle of 1864, at tihe Wilderness,
Spottsylvania, and before Richmond
in opposition to Shei-idan he was one
of the 'heroic figures in this last great
camp.aign of the Confederate armies.
The reports of Sheridan himself
attest the splendid fighting of Butler
and his brigades at Hawes' Shop and
At Trevilian Station he was in com
mand of Hampton's division, and re
pulsed seven distinct and determined
assaults by the largely superior for
ces under Sheridan, hbis command oc
cupying the most important point of
the Confederate line and fighting as
In September he was promoted ma
jor general, and in the spring of 1865
he was detached with a small divsion
for the campaign against Sherman in
the Carolinas. He commanded the
rear guard of Hardee's army at the
evacuation of Columbia and Cheraw,
and at the last had division command
of cavalry, his forces and Gen. Joe
Wheeler's forming the command of
Lieut. Gen. Wade Hampton.
In the United States Senate.
The close of the war left Gen. But
ler in financial rain, b)ut 'he bravely
met the exigencies of the occasion.
and in a short time achieved national
-repute for ,the firmness and boldness
with which he handled the political
questions which concerned the -essen
tials of the recognied social life.
While he powerfully advocated obe
dience of the Reconstruction meas
ures as the law, as being preferable
to chaos, he receded at no time from
persistent opposition to infringe
ments on good government in secur
ing the election of Gov. Wade Hamp
In 1876 Gen. Butler was elected to
the United States Senate, where his
admission was met by a storm of par
tizan protest which is memorable in
the history of the nation, but his car
eer of 18 years in that exalted body
vindicated the good judgment and
patriotism of the State which deputed
him as its representative.
In the stormy days of sectional de
bate in congress he was one of the
foremost champions of the South, but
at a later period he was enabled to
make a splendid record in construc
tive statemanship by his staunch ad
vocacy of a strong navy, of civil ser
vice reform and other measures now
settled in national policy.
In the United States Army.
After the expiration of his service
in the senate, Mareh, 1895, he engaged
in the practice of law in Washington,
D. C. In 1898 he was appointed a,
major general in the volunteer army
of the United States for the war with
Spain, and after peace was secured
he served as a member of the commis
sion. for the removal of the Spanish
forces from Cuba.
Maria Picken3 Butler, the first wife
of the deceased general, died several
years ago, and oi January 4, 1906,
he married Mrs. Nancy Bostic Whit
more, formerly of Washington, in
Three .children by his first mar
riage survive him.
Dr. F. W. P. Butler, Columbia. the
physician at the State pPnitentiary;
M. C. Butler, Jr., captain Company
B, Seventh United States cavalry,
Custer's old regiment; Mrs. Maria
McNeely, wife of Lieut. MeNeely,
United States navy, who has just
completed the voyage around the
world with the fleet.
The youngest child, Miss Eloise,
*died at the age -of 18, in 1893, near
Walhalla, where she was spending
SORROW IN WASHINGTON.
Distinguished F'rienlds of Butler Ex
press their Eegret.
News and Courier.
Washington, April 15.-The an
nouncement of th'e death of Gen. M.
C. Butler was received here today
with genuine sorrow byhis former col
leagues in the Senate, and his numer
ous friends throughout the city, where
he was a .conspicuous figure during
his eighteen years in the Senate.
Many 'expressions of sorrow were
made by his former associates in the
Senate, among them being Senators
Daniel, Money, Hale, Cullom, Frye,
Aldrich, Ex-senator Teller and oth
ers, all of whom spoke of their high
regard for their distinguis'hed friend
and former oolleague. Among the
many leading and prominent Demo
rats with w'hom Gen. Butler served
Senator Daniel, of Virginia, is the
nly one now in the Senate, and he
referred to that fact today in a most
The Washington Star of today
"Former Senator Butler, 'of South
Carolina, whose death is announced
today, was one of the strongest men
who led the South in t'he establish
ent of Democratic power there af
ter the civil war. As a rule they
had served with distinction in the
Confederate, army, and entering pol
itis oiv they displayed the same
enery and capacity that -had marked
their course as soldiers. The majority
>f them enjoyed a long favor at home,
and Gen. Butler met a numbe r of
them in the Senate.
"In North Carolina .Vance and
Ransom were leaders for many yeas.
n Virginia, Barbour and Daniel had
a hard struggle but finally triumph
ed. Morgan and Pugh were conspic
uous among those who came to the
front in Alabama. Lamar and Walt
ail and George gave Mississip.pi
great prestige in Democratic (cun
"Georgia was led by A. H. Stepn
ens, Ben Hill, Jolin B. Gordon and
others, all attractive, and some of
them showy, men. Arkansas had
Garland and Jones and Berry; Tex
as, Coke and Reagan and Mills;
Louisiana, Eustis and Gibson; Ten
nessee, Harris and Bate and the
Jacksons; Missouri, Cockrell and
Vest; Kentucky, Beck and Carlisle
and Watterson and Breckenridge.
"In this distinguished company
South Carolina easily held her own.
Hampton and Butler represented the
highest traditions of the State. Both
were of famous descent, and both had
*'ared fame f'or themselves. They
came under the designation of "'born
ders:' and it was not until lateJ
in. thei lesia thme were over
A Week 0
Come prepared for ti
of the sort that will cor
and furious. We've g
In this new department our
they want, and what '-they ca
larrment we gunrantee a perfec
Special i I
We are selling many beautifi
in mind now, two numbers, exc
Lot 1, in white and colors,
value $7 50. Sale price $4 9E
Lot 2, still better grade, corr
beautifully trimmed; $10.00 va
More Parasols and Sunshades he
in Newberry combined.
200 fine parasols with naturial or
special 49c. each.
200 fine Parasols with natural or
ioo fine Parasols with natural or
10oo fancy Parasols just landed, j
"Just as good as ours but
not as cheap as ours
thrown. Hampton went fi.rst, but
from that day Butler was marked for
retirement; and when the decree
eame he accepted it with dignity.
"As a soldier Gen. Butler was high
ly praised for dash and enterprise.
As a Senator he ranked with' those
iving to the office their best powers,
ed all of their time. His associates
n both sides of the chamber 'held
hiim in very great respect. As a
nan he was courtly without being
tiff, affable and approachable, with
>ut being familiar. We have not
een in Washington a better speci
nen of the American spirit which
ooks to the progress of the country
:hrough unity and good feeling.''
Mr. James M. Baker, assistant li
rarian of the Senate, who was ap
pointed by Gen. Butler more than
~ixteen years ago, also made a touch
.ng tribute to Gen. Butler's memory.
Tribute by Father Fleming.
Father Fleming, who preached to
lay the sermon at the funeral of
len. Butler, paid an eloquent tribute
o Gen. Butler's services as a soldier
nd statesman, and spoke, in affeet
onate terms of the man. In words
~imple and beautiful, Father Fleming
spoke of the great deeds of Butler
rd of those last hours, whieh Father
Eleming spent with him. Father
Fleming said in part:
"I have come neither to bury nor
praise Gen. Butler. He needs not
>ur feeble, .though' fervent tribute,
that lives shortly on the lips and dies
wiftly on the ear. If he, upon whose
tips tihe angel of death has laid his
sword could speak, he would utter
he first protest against eulogy. I
mn not going to disregard his wishes.
The clay body that held his mortal
soul, that tabernacle that kept his
wreat spirit, we will soon lay to rest,
o slumber with his forefathers. But
is spirit, his soul, shall go march
ng on and live unto the ages, grow
ng brighter with years and mellowing
"I am not going to dwell to any
length on the triple character of our
great one dead. I leave that to the
iographer, and his field is ample. I
psover the young soldier lending
is prineely presence to wvar's rude
tent. I leave to history the pleasure
Jf telling how this great son of Caro
ie best bargains you eVE
vince you that the leadi
ithered specials and froi
We.want you to bea
we are keeping this stc
ute. Hardly a day bL
shapes, etc., are receiv
to do the leading Mi
town. Thefameof OL
spread like wildfire.
your headgear. :
object is to give the trade what
n wear. Every ready-to-wear
t fit. -
iA Lingerie garments. We have
trimmed in lace and tucked,
es in both white and colors,
lue, for $7.49.
re to select from than all the stores
inlaid handles, the 75C. kind, at
inlad handles, the $.25 kind at 79c.
inlaid.handles, the $1.50 kind at 98C.
I.49, $1-98, $2.49 up to $5-oo each.
lina came at her call and laid his all
upon her altar-how he drew his
sword to shield her honor, and bled
that hallowed might be her name.
"I leave to other hahds and hearts
the privilege of telling <his record in
the halls of national legislation, his
steady and sturdy fight to reunite his
broken country, and his mighty ef
forts to place South Carolina in her
right place before the world without
compromise of honor, without sac
rifice of principle.
"I did not know this great man in
either capacity of Genier ii or Senat
or. I was born toa late to hear the
charm of the tantara of drum, arnd
the tantaive of fif~e that luired the
flower of our youth from home and
health and left them to die fighting
bravely on fields afar.
"Death is a sad thing. It is the
penalty of life. And whether the
felt-footed visitor comes into the
.cradle chamber and calls away the
young fledgling fluttering 'on the
threshold of life, or beckons with
bony fingers to the chimney corner
and tells the life trembling like a leaf
to follow, the visitor leaves in his
path bowed heads and broken hearts.
"We grieve today because lie whose
death we mourn represented that type
of civilization that is fast passing
away, that beautiful, chivalrous life
that flourished in the days of the dear
"It is dear with all its feudal
faults, all its vigorous virtues, but in
this one of its last types it has l'eft
to us Carolinians an 'example and to
history a hero. His name and deeds
shall be storied on the *marble shaft
to tell to the stranger within our
gates the deeds and daring of Caro
lina's dead, but his fame shall live
long after marble has crumbled into
dust and lingers so long as Carolin
ians cultivate chilvalry and Carolina
"I knew Gen. Butler as a man
stricken. I. knew him as a man pre
paring for his only surrender, his
yielding to a force beyond his power
to fight. What a man 'he showed him
self, patient, humble, kind and long
suffering. He taught us the sacred
ness of government in his war rec
ord. He taught us the duty of con
vi'tion in his political life, but in his
campaign of suffering he taught us
patience and humility-humility, the
adge of greatness.''
kr saw, bargains that c#
ng store still leads. ThE
,m a price standpoint sho
r in mind the fact that
>ck right up to the min
it what new materials,
ed. We shall continue
1inery business of the
ir ,tylish Millinery has
Come direct to us for
Great 98c. S1
12 doz. Ladies' White Linnei
$2.00 Skirt ever offered, in fg
alone is worth more than we as
MIMNAUGH'S GOT 'EM SKII
Dainty, airy Lingerie Waists,
trimmed in qualities 6f Lace ani
garrnents that appeal to feminir
fect, the styles are the very ne
$1.49, $1.98 and up to $5.00.
NOTHING TO EQU)
9-3 Unbleached Sheeting, 25c. v:
Bleached sheets 72 X 90, 50c. vah
12 yds. Androscoggan Bleaching
20 yds Sea Island this week for 5
200 large white Bed Spreads, $i.
200 large white Bed Spreads, $.5
Linen sheeting 90 in. wide, 89c. 5
Linen Sheeting 72 in. wide, 75C
LUG H -
IF TILJMAN -SHOULD QUIT.
Gossip Mentions Lever, Rhett anid
Gary as Possible Oanldidatesl.
(Washington Correspondence of the
"With four years to talk about it,
the p6ssibility of a successor to Sen
ator Tillman is already attracting at
tention at both ends of the CapitoL
Nowhere does one hear it suggested
that anybody will have 'the temerity
to run against t'he vigorous pitehfork
Senator, but his uncertain health of
late has put 'his voluntai-y retirement
within the reach .of chance, and al
ready there is talk of tihree men to
whom his. mantle might fall. These
three men don't add much to the talk
that is circulating.
' The men w'ho are*now'mentioned
for the Senate-that is the three men
one hears, of in Washington-are
Representative Lever, whose fight
against Executive commissions in the
last Congress and his steady work for
forest preservation has given him a
definite place in the House-;Ex-Sena
tr Gary, whose six months in the
north end of the Capitol is thought
merely to have whetted his appetite
Ifor .fame, and Mr. Rhett, of Charles
ton, who failed of 'election in his cam
paign last summer when Senator E.
D. Smith was elected.
"Senator Tillman is now at his
~home in Trenton,,r~esting up for the.
tariff fight in the Senate and.getting
his strength back. Senator Gary's
acceptance of the Senatorship on con
dition that he promise not to stand
for re-election at the expiration of
his ridiculously short term occasion
ed much disappointment at the time
to his friends, who felt that he would
be shutting off his career beyond re
pair. Since his retirement, on March
4, however, there has been a persi'st
ent undercurrent of gossip as to his:
return to public life. Only recently
there was a short editorial in a South
Carolina paper proposing him for
Congress from Mr. Wyatt Aiken's
"Whatever the outcome, in case
Senator Tillman's retirement should
make the race an open one, it is cer'
tan that it would be sharply contest
ed. Mr. Lever s activities have gives
him a following that in his own die;
trict cannot be shaken and over th:e
State as a whole his outspoken ef
fot in pushin the Appalacbian re
Lnnot be equaled, and
selling must be fast
uld pack this store.
iette Skirts,. the best-$1.50 and
tct the making and trimming
k for Jhe skirt. Sale price 98c.
INED ON LINGERIE WAISTS.
made of cloth as light as air.
d Embroidery, just the kind of.
ie taste. the workmanship per
west, prices range 49c., 98c.,
kL THESE VALUES.
alue, sale price 19c
ies, sale price 39C
this week for $i.0o.
o value, sale price 69c. each.
0 value, sale price 98c.
alue, sale price 59c.
alue, sale price 49C..
"utas cheap as ours
b ut not as good as ours ..
serve project and his bold challenge
to the Repubie'ans and Democrats
alike to stand by Dr. Wiley ini hisU
struggle for the enforeement of the
pure food. laws have given him a hold -
that eannot b6 easily overlooked. Un-I
der all circumstances and probably on
all platfoi-ms, Mr.~Rhett could count
on a strong following in the ow
country, though it is possible that
his low country afflictions iaoid be
rather a drawbaek in a race where
that decision must be made by the
whole State. 4
"Meanwhile Senator Tilhoan is
said to be steadily improving."
MRs. moaRsoLL waIs~ SUIT.
Judgment for $138,000 With Interest
And Costs in Her Favor .Ends
Boston, Mass., April 15.-The
lengthy litigation against, relatives of
the late Andrew J. Davis, the wealthy
Montana mine owner, by Mrs. Eva A.
Ingersoll, of Dobb 's Ferry, N. -Y,
widow of the late Col. Robert G. In
gersoll, ended today when Judge W.
L. Putnam,' in the United States Cir
cuit Qourt, handed down a fiani decree
awarding Mrs. Ingersoll $138,810,
with interest and costs.
Followirig the death of Mr. Davis,
certain of his relatives engaged Col.
Ingersoll as counsel to .break Mr.
Davis's will, making a contract by.
whicih they were to pay him $100,
000. After Co!. Ingersoll died, his
widow, as administratrix, endeavr
ed to collect this amount from the
Davis relatives who contested -the
ase, claiming that the full services
called for by the contract had not
The case was fought through the
Courts until Mrs. Ingersoll's victory
Judge Hoar's Retort.
Judge Hoar and Beneral Butl
were opponents in a case of a
trial. General Burtler quoted, "E
for eye, skin for skin, tooth f
tooth-yea, all that a man hath-wi
he give for his life.".
To which Judge Hoar replied, "
the devil quoted that onee before
a motion for a new trial.''
There is no tyrant like custom
no freedom where its ediets, are