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THE MILL PROBLEM.
By. Rev. W. J. Snyder in Southern
Some years ago I studied algebra
under Prof. Graser when the Wofferd
Fitting School was situated nearly a
mile from its present site. It was a
pleasure to work out the values of
x, y, z, but when I came to that part
called "problems" I was in dire dis
tress. If I could get the problem
started I could work it out all right,
but many a time I had to get help
from the kindly disposed professor.
I found also that, in order to correct
ly state any problem, I <had to under
stand the principles of the cases that
I had gone over. If I slighted the
work that led up to the problems, it
was zero on my marks and extra
work in order to catch up.
In solving the cotton mill problem
I fear the brethren have skipped a
good deal of the primary work and
tried to get the answer when they
did not know the true realizations of
x, y and z.
Let us state the mill problem alge
braically. Let x equal the confer
ence, y the preacher, and z the mill
people. The answer to be the glory
--of God in terms of souls saved and
the church.edified. In getting- at the
solutia most of the writers have
t im to work out the answer with z
and,given very little if any considera
tion to x and y. The problem will
neer be solved till the right values
are given to the three parts of the
problem,. viz.; the conference, the
ministry and' the people.
In order to see how we have failed
to get the answer required above, let
us examine into some of the facts
that confront us -and recognize fully
how far we have failed ,-o -solve the
problem of centering our attention al
most exclusively on-z.
First, there are over one hundred
and twenty-five thousand white peo
ple living today at the mills in our'
state, or at least a fifth of the white
population of the state. We have in
our church in the state eighty-six
thousand members. Then we ought
to- have at the mills one-fifth of that
membership, or seventeen and a half
thousand members. Considering the
fact that there are practically only
two churches doing work at the mills
viz.: the Methodist and Baptist, the
proportion s-hould be more. The facts,
n owever. that stare us in the
face are, that among the Presby
Sterians, Lutherans, Episcopalians and
others, we have eighty thousand mem
bers, while at the mills with the field,
practically confined to the Methodists
and Baptists we 'have less than six
thousand. Six thousand when we
ought to have seventeen. The ans
wer missed by eleven thousand! In
Sschool a failure like that would mean
a zero for a mark and the~ demand
that I do better or fail to advance.
What kind of a record is being made
against our great church when year
after year we come up with such an
answer to the problem God gave us
to solve. Does He say "Well done,"
or is "Failed"' written on our re
In solving this problem. let us first
te.ke up the relation bhat x .bears to
its solution. As a conference the
body should first recognize that the
greatest missionary field it .has is at
her doors. That there are a hundred
thousand people in the state not af
filiated with -any church where they
live. That these people are within
easy reach and are naturally of a
religious temnperament. That they
will respond .to kindness and right
treatmen~t as quickly and cheerfully
as any people on the globe. That
they are a hard working people and
shenee not susceptible to the vices
that are found among the idle. That
they have been more sinned against
.than sinning. That they have been
judged as a class by their most un
worthy representatives. That they
have been ostracised by people who
are not as good as they are. That
they appreciate good preaching and
will attend church when there is
enough in the sermon to interest them
and this in spite of the fact that they
have worked strenuously for sixty
hours during the preceding week. If
the conference would recognize these
fa:-ts, that are patent to those who
have been among the mill p)eople long
enough to know them. then it would
change its attitude to them and do
what is necessary to win the -thous
ands that are ready to be gathered
into th:e chureh. Let the conference
send to the mill charges those men
who are experienced and capable
men who know how to preach; men
who can organize the young people
into missionary societies, leagues,
Sunday schools. etc.: men of abilig:
and tact : men who will work: men
who) are not looking for a better place
nancally. Let the conference quit
ending -her boy preachers to practice
n mli l)eople and ais soon1 as they
are learned how to reach the people
iov them~ on to a so-called better
lace and send other inexperienced
MCI WUlldU tihe Uhrk that has beer I
done. There is no city charge in
South Carolina that would have stood
the treatment that the mill charges
have been subjected to. They would
have rebelled and made it so hot for
the presiding elder that he would
have had to make a change as soon
as possible. Why? Because the city
charge pays more and hence should
'have the best preachers. There's the
rub. It is a case of money on the
one side and souls to save and a rip
ened harvest on the other. The money
gets the man and the harvest goes un
gathered. This being the case, and I
certainly do not object to the preach
ers getting all the money they can,
the only way left for the conference to
do in order to save the day and solve
the problem as regards x's part is to
raise enough money to put the men
in the field that are capable of doing
the work as thoroughly as it is done
on our well organized charges. We
assess this year two thousand seven
rundred dollars more for foreign mis
sions than we assess for the men who
are serving domestic mission charges.
I would not take one dollar off for
eigin assessment, it is small enough,
but I know the Methodists, the busi
ness men 'of our church would gladly
put double the amount into the home
land that we are now putting if they
were assured that the same care would
be taken in manning our weak charges
that is used in manning the foreign
I asked a member of the domestic
mission board at the last session of
the conference why more was not as
sessed for domestic missions. He
said, "if you assess more you won't
get it.." I !have since then been talk
ing with every prominent layman I
have met and the universal verdict
is that the laymen of South Carolina
would gladly pay much more to bring
out our weak fields.
Again let the conference honor her
domestic missionaries as she does
those who come from a foreign field.
Let the home fields have a more prom
inent part in our conference proceed
ings. Let the mission board take
more interest in the missionary and
not act simply as a financial distrib
uting agency. I have been before the
board a good many times and the
greeting I invariably got was, "Be
brief, brother, we have a lot to do."
If the board has so much to do that
it can not look into the various mis
sion charges then let it employ a mis
sionary seeretary as the foreign board
does to advise and inspire and sympa
thize with those who are trying to
h.old up the banner of Christ and
Personally, we believe that every
member of the board is sincerely in
terested in the various mission fields
f the state, but the system they arej
working under has failed to accom
plish the desired end and the system
must give way to one that will work
r Methodism in this state will suffer
icalculable damage. It is hard . get
ut of the old way of doing things,
but the changed conditions of mod
ern life demand different modes of
procedure. Under the present sys
tem it is impossible for the board to
get in sympathetic touch with the
feld it is' trying to work or even to
know the actual needs of the field.
There is a statistical report required
of each pastor that received aid from
the board. These reports are render
ed quarterly and the preacher's mon
ey is held up till the report. is in.
Phese reports seem, to one who has
rade a good many of them, intended
to let the secretary of the board know
whether or not the preacher is lying
down on his job. After the hoard is
supplied with the, information as to
ow many sermons have been preach
ed, how many visits made, how much
has been collected, how the church
is organized, etc., after getting all
these facts by holdig over the preach
er the threat, "If you do not report
we will not pay your appropriation,"
is then powerless to use this knowl
edge so acquired either to the ad
vantage or detriment of the preacher
reporting. There is a missing link
between the board of missions and
the bishop's cabinet that should be
provided for at our next general con
ference. It is just as much the board 's
duty to look into the matter of wheth
'r 'ir net a preacher has a house to
livo :in a to what he shall live on.
I e't the !9ard to see this point ser
ralI y*ear ago and secured help to
build a decent parsonage in Colum
Jf the confeene expects any
reacher to do effective work, as far
is it is able it must make that
reachler comfortable and relieve him
of financial emnbarassment. It is hard
wo rk when there is not enough to
feed and clothe one's family decently.
Ye lavmien of South Carolina, speak
*nt and let the conference know that
vou are ready to stand behind a move
ment that will redeem Methodism
frm m the reproach t'hat lies at her
lor heeause of her failure to do
her duty to the hIome mission field
JUNIOR SENATOR OF SOUTH
CAROLINA AND HIS PEDIGREE.
"Red Buck" Bryan, Washington
correspondent of the Charlotte Ob
server has written an interesting
sketch of South Carolina's Junior
Senator, E. D. Smith, it is-as fol
North Carolina boasts of the
Mecklenburg Declaration of Inde
pendence, Guilford Battle Ground,
Andrew Jackson and James Knox
Polk, but she has no Ellison Da
Rant Smith-no, not one-and she
envies South Carolina-Lynchburg
Sumter county, his birthblace.
Ellison DuRant now hails from
Florence, and is the junior Senator
from the Palmetto State.
"Who is this man that leans over
the railing of the House, on field
days, and takes such a lively inter
est in the rough-and-tumble de
bates and looks so longingly at the
participants on these space-making
occassions?'" the boys in the press
There is none other than Ellison
Durant Smith, the- new Senator
from South Carolina. The envious
look in his eye, th-e uneasy twitch
of his ready mouth and the ten
acitv with which he hangs on would
make one believe that 'he would give
half his salary to be on the floor so
that he could help Oily James, Henry
Clayton and Tom Helflin bob up
like North Carolina bases after a big
rain-and.spit vitriol at Jim Mann,
John Dalzell or Sereno Payne.
"0, but wouldn't I show them a
thing or two if I could just put in
now and then?" is what Ellison Du
Rant's face says.
It is hardly fair to liken the South
Carolinian to a mule, but any man
who was raised on a Southern farm
cannot help, when he sees Ellison's
chin uplifted, gazing about the farm
scene of his boyhood, when a neigh
boring balaam would step up to the
barnyard fence, look in where the
mules and horses were playing, and
believing that he could outdo any
Pace too Slow for Him.
The Senate is too slow for Elli
'Who is he?' the scribes keep in
Let him answer.
"Ellison DuiRant Smith, Democrat,
was born August 1, 1866, Sumter,
now Lee, county,'' says the Congre.s
sional Dir~ectory a book in which
Congressmen are permitted to tell
svho they are..
After giving his pedigree-a con
si'derable slice from his family tree
K'r. Smith proceeds: "entered fresh
nan class at the University of South
arolina; afterwards entered Wof
ord College, from which :he graduat
ad in 1889. At Wofford he won gold
edals in debate, science and litera
ure in his .sophomore, junior and
That was going some.
"ewas a member of the Legis
ature from Sumter county, 1896
o 1900, this being his only previous
political experience. He is a farm
er and merehant.''
But listen: "He began the cotton
movement in 1901, which resulted
n the Farmers'- Protective Associa
ion,'' declares the directory, modest
There are some here who vow that
Efllison DuRant rode the boll wee
vil to power.
All this took place immediately af
ber ".the Sulley 'break,' when cotton
ropped from 17 to 6 1-2 cents."
"He began a study of the cotton
Mark his progress.
"Attended boll weevil convention
at Shreveport, La., which resulted in
plans for the New Orleans conven
tion, January, 1905, which eulmi
rated in the formation of the South
ern Cot toni Association,'' proclaims
A Boll Weevil Sleuth.
"He (Ellison DuRant) was made
ield agent and general organizer (a
sort of boll weevil sleuth) in which
apacity 'he served three years, his
erritory covering the entire South.''
Listen! Th1e directory in strident
tones' asserts: ''He (Ellison Du
Rant) became a national figure on ac
count ot addresses at New Orleans,
Birmingham, Dallas and Shreveport.''
That is a modest admission for a
United States Senator.
What if he had been a North Car
Finally, in conclusion, brethren:
'lHe was nominated for the United
States Senate at a primary electio,n
in September, 1908, receiving 69.
318 votes to 39.635 for John Gary
Evans, his majority being the largest
ever given anyv candidate for the of
T>is is all, but it might have
been z4dded that he is "'the only
turtle in the tank,' *' " the only bull
fro on the bank,' ' "the only boll
weevil in the State.'' "the only gob
bler on the roof."
In Washington Senator Ellison
DuRant Smith will be known as the
chief of the bull weevils.
North Carolina is not far behind,
however, and she owes it to John
Gaston Grant, Republican member
from the tenth congressional district,
for saving her from humiliation.
Of Mr. Grant, the directory says:
"He was born in a log cabin in the
mountains of Henderson county."
Some family history follows:
Young Grant 'had to work after the
civil war, in which his father 'had
fought as a Confederate soldier, and
could not get an education at
school, but "feeling the need of ed
ucation he bought a dictionry, a
blue-back speller and a Davies Arith
metic, and after working all day, he
would .carry home a load of pine knots
at night, and while the wife and little
ones slept would study.'
Grant was elected to the Legisla
ture, was sheriff of 'his county, and in
1896 was appointed "subelector for
William McKinley and made one of
the strongest campaigns ever made
in the district."
HUNTER CASE GOES
TO HIGHER COURT.
Laurens Man's Appeal GvmateI By
Federal Tribunal-U. S. Supreme
Court Assumes Jurisdiction.
News and Courier.
Washington, April 15.-An inter
esting development in the case of the
State of South Carolina vs G. Wash
Hunter, convicted of the murder of.
Elbert F. Copeland, of Laurens Coun
ty, at the Court of General Sessions
Ifor Greenwood County, February 24,
1908, has arisen in that the Supreme
Court of the United States has as
sumed jurisdiction of the case upon
appeal from the decision of the Su
preme Court of the State of South
Carolina. Following a mistrial in
this case in Laurens County it was
changed to Greenwood County, where
Hunter was found guilty and sen
tenced to eight years in the Peniten
tiary. The case was appealed to the
State Supreme Court, and in an opin
ion rendered by Justice Woods the
Supreme Court confirmed the action
of ihe Circuit Court.
His local counsel in the State was
C. L. Blease, of Newberry, and Rich
ey & Richey, of Laurens, and at this
juncture John G. Capers, of this city,
was 'employed to look into the pos
sible Federal questions involved,
whie'h would open a way for an ap
peal to the Supreme Court of the
United States. A stay of remittitur
was first obtained, and then an ap
peal to the Supreme Court of the
United States was perfected, a writ
of error granted by Chief Justice
Pope of the State Supreme Court,
and upon the 'showing made the Su
preme Court of the United 'States has
now taken jurisdiction of the case on
Amon~g the Federal questions rais
ed it is claimed that Hunter was de
nied his right of trial by jury in the
county and in the district wherein
the alleged crime was committed, and
also because he was required to ans
wer to a capital and thus an infam
ous crime without a prior present
ment or indictment .of the grand jury,
guaranteed him by Articles 5 and 6 of
the amendment to the Constitution;
and that the Supreme Court of the
State in sustaining the rulings The
trial Court practically forced Hunter
to testify. against himself, and in
other ways he was denied the equal
:protection of the laws and rights
guaranteed to and claimed by him
under the thirteenth and fourteenth
amendments to the Constitution of
the United State.
Some questions of difference seem
to exist as to whether or not the grand
jury was in evidence upon his trial.
In any event, in defending the action
of the trial Court before the Supreme
Court, it is said, the solicitor urged
that even were this true, Hunter had
lost his right to so plead. because that
question was not raised at the time
of. his trial in the lower Court, and
that position was sustained by the
Supreme Court of the State in an
opinion said to be contrary to the at
titude of the Court upon the same
subject for the past thirty years.
It is iresumed t'hat the case will
be argued in the Supreme Court dur
ing in the coming fall, anfd consider
able interest is manifested in view of
the rather unusual questions raised,
and in the assuming of jurisdiction
'by the Supreme Court of the United
States Supreme Court in view of the
provisions of the Federal Constitn
tion in such cases.
Then, laiter on. there comes to 'him
A very commou q1uestion:
le wonders how it was that he
-Cogburn Giant Talks.
Can You Say No
And Stick to it when some impulse en
ters your brain to spend your hard earned
If you can and will deposit that money in
this bank you have a mighty good start to
Our assistance will be given at the rate
of 4 per cent.
The Commercial Bank,
NEWBERRY, S. C.
JNO. M. KINARD, 0. B. MAYER, J. Y. McFALL,
President. Vice-President. Cashier.
WANTS YOUR BUSINESS.
We confess it. On the other
hand, we know we are justi
fiedin asking your patronage.
We offer you every facility
found in a modern institution.
Open an account with
[THE EXCHANGE DANK
ON JANUA RY 1 ST.
We Pay 4 Per f,ent. Interest in
~*Our Sayings Department,
. .DAVENPORT, . E. R. H IPP,
President. . V. Prdsident..
M. L. SPEARMAN, Cashier.
SOME OF OUR POLICIES:
To be conservative.
To pay four per cent.
To calculate interest semi-annually.
To bond every employee..
To be progressive and accommodating.
- To lend our money to our customers.
To treat our patrons courteously.
To be liberal and prompt..
TO BE TE VERY BES BAKFOR YOU
TO DO BUSINESS WITH.
Our institutio is under the supervision of and regualarly
examined by the State Banlir Examiner.
The Bank of Prosperlig,
Pr osperity, S. C.
DR. GEO. Y. HUNTER, DR. J. S. WHEELER,
President. V. President.
J. F. BROWNE, 3. A. COUNTS,
Cashier. Assistant Cashier.
* The First Cough of the Season, :
EveL though not severe, has a tendency to irritate the sensi
* ive mzembranes of the throat and delicate bronchial tubes.
Coughs then come easy all witer, every time you take theS
*slightest cold. Cure the first coulgh before it has achance to *
* et up an inflamation in the delicate capillary air tubes of theg
*lungs. The best remedy is QUICK RELIEF COUGH
BYRUP. It at once gets right at the setof trouble and re
moves the cause. It is free from Morphine and is as safe for 0
* fchildas for an dult. 25 cenlts at
*MAYES' DRUG STORE.