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TIRST PUBLIC SESSION OF COM
Many Changes Regarded as Necessary
Another Meeting is to be Held
The State, 28th.
The legislative committee appoint
ed to investigate affairs at the State
Hospital for the Insane held its first
public session yesterday. The meet
ing did not last very long, most of the
time being taken up with a formal
,statement by Dr. J. W. Babcock, the
superhten7ent of the institution, who
on bellali of the board of regents, set
fort> exactly why this investigation
was asked for and gave some interest
ing facts on improvements absolutely
necessary, in the opinion of the board,
but not yet provided for by the gen
eral assembly. Dr. Babcock and some
of the members of the board of trus
tees stressed the necessity for the ful
lest examination by the committee in
order that the puiblic might know
what is needed.
There was a full attendance of the
legiilative committee, consisting of
Senator Christensen, the chairman;
Sey,-.ors Hardin and Bates and Rep
rensentatives Dick, secretary; W. C.
Harrison, Sawyer and Carey. All of
t:he members of the board of regents
The meeting was held in the main
building of the State Hospital for the
Insane and was called to order at 10
o'clock. Senator Christensen then
stated the object of the session, and
Dr. Babcock outlined the various rec
ommendations of the board, which are
given below. Dr. W. W. Ray, for the
board of directors, explained that the
board had for several years asked for
some of the improvements mentioned
in the report of Dr. Babcock. These
improvements had never been given.
He thought the committee would now
see the necessity for these changes.
Another Meeting Today.
After a short executive session the
committee announced that the meet
ing would be ladjourned until 10
o'clock today. In the meantime a
special sub-committee will fu]rnish t&e
board of regentsand Dr. Babcock with
copies of charges that have been pre
ierred against the management of the
institution. The subcommittee eon
sists of Messrs. Carey and Bates. As
stated by Chairman Christensen, the
investigation is along two lines-one
being the plans for necessary change~s
outlined by the board of regents and
'Dr. Babcock and the other on the
charges against the inst'tution.
Statement of Board.
The statement made by'the board
through D)r. Babcock yesterday out
lined the following changes that are
considered absolutely necessary:
"1. That it has become the policy
of the State to maintain in Columbia
a large central colony for the insane
*of both races.
"2. That 'State care' is a better
system than was afforded by the old
method of eounty support.
"3. That the separate or cottage
*plan of buildings or wa'rds is better
suited in our climate to the needs of
the insans than are large epnglomer
"4. That the separation from t.he
insane (properly speaking) of such
classes as the inebriates, idiots, epi
ileptics, etc., who are now assneiated
with them would prove advantageous
"5. That the improvement of the
county alms houses by having hospi
'tal wards, etc., would -relieve this in
stitution from receiving so many help
"6. The establishment of a farm
colony for epileptics, a school for the
feeble-minded and a hospital for in
ebriates should form part of the fu
ture policy of the State.
"7. 'That the erection of separate
* wards for the violent insane is de
"8. That the establishment *f a
farm colony for the chronic insane
is an important problem for future
"9. The means for separating the
tuberculosis from the non-tuberculosis
is at the present time a ~question of
"10. There have recently been ob
served in this asylum and otber
Southern institutions cases of pella
gra, a disease common in IB .y, but~
new to our co.-u'c:. The board of
regents with the ce spration of the
State' board of health have interest
ed the United States public health
and marine hospital service in this
condition and it is expected that a
sulrgeon from that department will
soon arrive in Columbia to investi
eate. There are now 21 negro women
and three white men suffering from
Institution is Overtaxed.
1. With a population of 50 per.
cent. more than we have adequate ac
commodations for all departments of
the institution wre excessively over
crowded and especially that for white
men and the two colored departments
and the housing of insane of negro
men and women in the cellars as we
are forced to do, is, to say the least,
"12. The excessive population ov
ertaxes the kitchen and dining room
service as well as the wards and dor
mitories; for some time these condi
tions have been unsatisfactory to our
administration and efforts will be
made to devise plans for their remedy.
"13. To carry out any of these
plans whicih we are enumerating will
require larger appropriations than we
have been receiving. It must be
borne in mind that our annual per
capita last year was $109, about 30
cents a day, which is less than a sher
iff is usually allowed for dieting pris
oners. Last year the per capita at
Morganton, N. C., was $155 and at
Raleigh was $165. Were we allowed
the difference we could come much
nearer the idea with which we would
like to administer our charge.
''14. Again, inadequacy of appro
priation handicaps us in making ade
quate payment for services rendered
by many officials and employes of the
"1.5. For the same reason ou!r med
ical staff is too small to properly han
dle the number of patients. The su
perintendent has for several years
been compelled to perform the duties
f assistant physician in one of the
departments, whereas he should be
able to devote himself to administra
"16. The mechanical department
is defective but especially in the heat
ing plant. boilers, etc.
''17. An institution of this size,
growing as it does year by year,
should have an ice plant for the prop
er handling of meats, provisions, etc.
"18. Year by year our fire pro
tection has been improved and b
ompleting a small circuit on Barn
well street, between Lumber and
Richland streets. would meet the need
f the institution.
"19. The hospital get; its water
supply from the city and has abolish
d all wells, contributing to the gener
l healtih of the population.
Value of the Plant.
"20. Through the ability of Mr.
Punch a small sandhill. farm has been
o developed that .it supplies the needs
ot only of the large population but
also maintains the dairy, herd, beef'
cattle, stock, efe.
"21. 'In the process of years a to
tal of 360 acres has been got together
nd, in our' opinion, should be 'held by
the State for the future needs of its
dependent classes and what is not
needed for building sites today will be
required for such in one or two gen
"22. The several buildings now in
use for hospitals, wards, dormitories
nd for laundry and farming purpos
es represent a valuation of $600,000.
"23. The entire plant of the State
for insane is estimated at $1,000,000.
It should be held and used for many
years to come for hospital purposes,
that is for the acute cases of the in
sane proper. The other classes of de
feties, the chronic insane, epilep
tics, idiots, inebriates, etc., require se
parate institutions elsewhere.
"24. Since there are two compe
tent lawyers on the commission it is
suggestedl that it would be fitting to
revise the statute laws relating to the
Charges Against Asylum.
Columbia. April 28.-After being
in executive session most of the morn
ing the, sylumn investigation commis
sion this afternoon gave out for pub
licat ion the charges drafted by its
subommittee from the complaints fil
ed with the .commission. There are
no names signed t.. the charges and
nothing to show who fathers them, but
by resolution t'he board of regents
will be <riven the names of all witnes
ses subpoenaed to testify. The com
rission adjourned to meet again May
There are five typewritten specifi
cations of charges to be investigated.
Summarized tihe gravest allegations
are: That inebriates, dope-fiends, dot
ards sane persons, and even mere;
neurotis are admitted freely in vio
lation to law. authority being given
by law only for the admission of in
sane persons. That patients who
have recovered are held for long per
iods against their will. That the re
gents make only cursory inspections
and are subservient to Dr. Babcock
ad others of his staff. That whis
key and delicacies for such patients
are converted by attendants to own
use. That patients in- isolated wards
suffer from lack of food. water and
attention. That in hat'hing one water
i used for many patients, some of
whom are diseased.
There are no charges against the
LETTEE FROM CLEMSON
BY WILLIAM WELCH
Former Member of Faculty Thinks
Trouble Lies in Failure to Select
Good President for Institution.
To theEditor of the State:
The article by Capt. Minus in The
State of the 19th inst. and your edi
torial of the 20th s1how that the trou
ble at Clemson college has continued
for more than 13 years and the dif
ferent presidents of the college have
been blamed for it. I was a member
of the faculty at Clemson when it
opened and am still deeply interest
ed in its success. I believe I can
explain the cause of tha -trouble there
hut could not claim to know how best
to remedy it.
It is a well known fact that when
any one attempts to do something
which; he can not do he will appear
very funny to those who can do it;
and when an able man expresses an
opinion about something 'he does not
understand ha'will appear ridiculous
to those who do understand if; but
his opinion will be respected by those
who know less about the subject than
'he do-es. As long as such opinions
are merely expressed/ they do but lit
tle 'harm but when they are acted up
on they become most disastrous. One
of the most familiar and important
instances of this kind was at the be
ginning of the Civil war when the
generals on both sdes were selected.
President Davis was a military man.
He graduated from West Poitl. had
been in the army and had been secre
tarv of war. He selected Lee and
Jackson and the other very a.le com
manders of the Confederate army.
Preident Lincoln was a most honest
and sincere man of great ability as a
lawyer and politician, but he knew al
most nothing about military seience,
and tthe only way he had of telling a
good general from an incompetent one
was to guess at him, place him in com
mand and when he was thoroughly
defeated he could know that he was
incompetent. He made four bad.
Zuesses in succession-McClellan,
Hooker, Pope and Burnside. Grant
developed himself and he got rid of
Warren and pushed Sherman -and
Sheridan to the.front. President Lin
coln did not even know enough about
military matters to know whose ad
advice to take and -he listened to Hal
The board of trustees at Clemson
college are all honest, sincere and
able men but they hav'e made four
ad guesses for president of the col
ege, and t'hey do not seem to know
nough about a,eollege to know that
the presidents af the great colleges
f the country would gladly advise
them in the choice of a suitable pres
dent and members of the faculty. Tahe
rustees of Tuskegee institute, Ala
ama, wrote to the president of
ampton institute, Virginia, and ask
d 'him to recommend some one for
president of Tuskegee and he recom
mended Booker T. Washington. He
did not guess who to recommend. He
knew and Tuskegee's .president is'
most successful. Tuskegee seems to
ave had a competent board of trus
tees. The South Carolina legislature
might do well to find out how the.
Tuskegee board of trustees were se
leted. If they do not fancy the col
or of that most successful man they
ould do no harm by investigating the
board who selected. President D. B.
Johnson of Winthrop. The real
cause of the trouble at Clemson col
lege is the method of selecting the
board of trustees or it is in permitting
them to select a president and mem
bers of the faculty. The legislature
seems to have been able to select:
most excellent judges inder normal
onditions and it could not do worse
than the board of trustees of Clemson
ollege in the choice of a president
there. The president of a college need
not be a man of grekat learning. He
should be a man of fine sense who is
well informed about the management
f t'he best college of 'the country.
The faculty should all be graduates
f the best institutions of the country
and should be selected by the presi
ents of -those institutions. A profes
sor need not be a man of great ablit t
but he should be a man of great learn
ing in his own subject and -should bec
a rood teaeher. These facts are -o
ovious~ as to seem simple ont iv
boad of trustees of Clemson coe..re
have a-ted as though they never 'e
urred to them.
Offee Chief Signal Offier.
Washington, D. C., April 24, 19O9.
MISTRIAL IN ASHLEY CASE.
Jury is Dismissed After Deliberating
For Forty Hours.
Greenville. April 26.--"We are
ading now just where we did about
an 'hour after we went to the jury
room." was the message which the
jrv in the trial of Joshua Ashley for
peonage brought to Judge Brawley. of
the United States court, this morning
.he rt ceonen at -10 o'clock.
Sie Sainrday ifierniin at 5 o clock
the juiry had deliberated over the tes
tim()ny offered and, at times, the ar
gurments in jury room was exciting.
For forty hours the twelve men de
liberated, and when the last ballot
was taken the jury stood four for ac
quittal and eight for conviction. All
Saturday night. all through Sunday
and Sunday night the members of the
ju.ry were confined in their room at
the Mansion House. On Sunday
night they became very restless, and
the men were asking to be released.
Judge Brawley told them that if they
found a verdict at any time on Sat
urday night. he would receive a seal
ed verdict from them on Sunday, and
dismiss them, but w'hen it was learn
ed that there were no prospects of a
verdict on Sunday, the judge left
them to th;mselves, and when the
court convened this morning called
for their verdict. They reported that
they were unable to agree, and were
promptly dismissed. The jury look
ed worn out, and the men seemed glad
to be free.
The strain of the trial had told on
them. The failure of the jury to find
a verdict came as no surprise to mem
bers of tre local bar after the jmny
had stayed out for so long. It was
looked for, and the large crowd in
the court house this morning when
court convened. seemed to be satis
fied with the work of the jury. Very
few opinions were exprssed on the
streets that Ashley should have come
clear. The general consensus of op
inion was that the government Lad
made a strong case against him
Ashley stood around the eonrt
house for a short while after the ver
dict was rendered, but would not talk
much concernin!g the case. He was
looking for a mistrial after Satirday
The case has been one of the ha -d
est fought that has ever come beforc
the local bar. and the court room has
been well filled at e9eh session of
court. The taking of testimony last
ed three days, and for one entire
morning Ashley himself was on the
stand testifying under the examina
tion of the lawyers, at some length
concerning his business and how the
trouble had arisen.
Pointers for Housewives.
To prevent your hands getting red,
rough and wrinkled from washing the
:ishes and clothes, the floors or wood
work, sprinkle a little Lavadura in
the water. Not only does it benefit
the hands, the wate'r has double-athe
leansing power and deans everything
far quicker and better.
Put some Lavadura in the tub and
the woolen and flannel clothes will
ot shrink, but come out of the wash
fesh, sweet and soft-just like new.
t also prevents colors fading-rath
er brightens them..
A bath is far more enjoyably re
freshing and beneficial in water
whieh has been softened with Lava
ura. It removes all odors caused by
erspiration and ''sweetens'' the skin
raking it soft and smooth instead of
irritated and smarting as so often
follows when a bath is taken in ordi
ary hard water.
In tihe dairy, Lavadura is unequal
ed for washing milk bottles, can, pans,
et., removing all odors and hygieni
clly cleansing all utensils.
Habits cured at my Sanatorium- in a
few weeks. You can return to your
home in 30 days well, free and happy.
I have made these habits a specialty for
25 years adcued thans. FREE
Address DR. B. N. WOOLLEY,
102 N. Pryor Street. Atlanta. Ga.
NEWBXRRY U1HION STATION.
Arrival and Departure of Passenger
Trains--Effective 12.01 A. M.
Sunday, June 7th, 1908.
No. 15 for Greenville .. . .8.57a.m.
No. 18. for Columbia .. . .1.40 p.m.
No. .11 for Greenville .. ....20 p.m.
No. 16 for Columbia .... .8.47 p.m.
C., N. & L. R
"No. 22 for Columbia .. . .8.47 a.m
\'o. 52 for Greenville .. 12.56 p.m
No. as for Columnia .. . .3.20 p.m
No. 21 for Lauren~s . . . .7.25 p.m
* Does not run on Sunday
TFhis timne ta'io 2'w.; the finna. at
which trains may be expected to de
art from this station, but their de-.
parture is not guaranteed and the
.ime shown is subject to change with
G. L. Rchinson.
'NOTICE TO SCHOOL BOYS.
All school boys who have agreed to
plant 1-2 acre in corn or cotton will*
call at my office on Saturday, April
24th, and get the seed.
J. S. WHEELER,
Co. Supt. Education.
* YOU WL
8 'PHON E
Ci[EAP RATES TO AUGUSTA, GA.
or the Musical Festival, April 26-27.
For the above occasion the South
n Railway will sell round trip Ex
rsion tickets on April 25th and
th good returning April 29th, at
ry low rates.
The Augusta Musieal Festival will
ecomposed of many notable attrac
ons such, as Mine. Emma Eames,
rima Donna Assoluta, Walter Dam
oseh and the New York Symphony
rehstra of fifty people, renowned
oloists, Mm?. Rider-Kelsey, Mr.
eed Miller, Miss Neva Vander Veer,
Mr. Gustav Holmnquist and a chorus
ftwo hundred voices.
For information -apply to ticket
ents, or W. E. McGee,
T. P.A., Augusta, Ga.
J. L. Meek, A. G. P. A.,
BLUE RIDGE SCHEDULES.
No. z8, leaves Anderson at 6.30 a.
i., for connection at Belton witn
outhern for Greenville.
No. 12, from Walhalla, leaves An
derson at 10.15 a. in.. for connection
t Belton with Southern Railway for
oupbia and Greenville.
No. 20, leaves Anderson at 2.20
p.i., for connections at Belton with
outhern Railway for Greenville.
No. 8, daily except Sunday, froyr
Thalla arrives Anderson 6.24 p.
i., with connections at Seneca with
outhern Railway from points south.
No. 10, from Walh'alla, leaves An
lerson at 4.57 p. in. for connections
t Belton with Southern Railway for
Greenville and Columbia.
No. 17, arrives at Anderson at 7.50
m.i., from Belton with connections
Nc. 9, arrives at Anderson at -!2.24
.m., from Belton with connections
rom Greenville and Columbia. Goes
No. 19, arrives at Anderson at 3.40
.,. from Belton with conneetons
No. 11, arrives at Anderson at
629 p. in., from Belton with con
ections from Greenville and Colum
ba. Goes to Walhalla.
No. 7, daily except Sunday, leaves
Anderson at 9.20 a. in., for Walhalla,
vith connections at Seneca for local
Nos. 17, 18, 19, and 20 are mixed
bains between Anderson and Beiton.
Nos. 7 and 8 are local freight
tains, carrying passengers, between
Anderson and Walhalla and between
r aana na A.ndersons~
FIND IT AT
The NEW SUINNo.2
IP RICE $40.00
SThis Writing Machine
is Good Enoughfor
6. 1L ROBINSON, Agent,
FREE TRIP t&'eke
AkE YOU oNE
wASW?dcrox of tle manytle
anda who want t.
OREGON explore tis BWon-'
O has instituted a Dew
*1 department, whose
special work it-s
to put witluin th.g
reach1 o# every one an opportunity to
ee the FAR WEST., Write for
'F.r full particulars address
Sunset Travel Club
16 Iflood Soliding, San Francisco, Ca.
ANIUAL MEETING STOOKHOLD
The annual meeting of the' stock
holders of The Newberry Cotton
Mills will be held in the rooms o
The Chamber of Commerce at New
berry, S. C., Wednesday, May 5th,
1909, at eleven e'lock.l\ o e ,S c