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TiE UNION PLAN
HOW THE FARMERS EXPECT TO
And the Local Unions Must Amalga
mate Into a Great "Trust" for
The State, April 30.
The presidents of the county un
ions of the Farmers' Union of South
Carolina met last night in mass meet
ing in the hall of the house of repre
sentatives and deliberated until near
ly midnight. The session was execu
tive, none being permitted to enter
without the password.
President B. Harris of the State
union called the meeting to order
and read the call, as hertofore pub
lished. President C. S. Barrett of the
National Farmers' union was then in
troduced, and he spoke for more than
two hours, outlining the plan for the
formation of a corporation designed
to amalgama,te the various warehouse
associations in .the State of South
Carolina into one association, similar
to the ones in Georgia and Mississip
pi, and perhaps other States, the ul
timate purpose being the absorption
of all smaller corporations into one
gigantic corporation which shall con
trol the cotton industry.
The purpose in detail with .relation
to this plan may best and most ac
curately be stated in the languageof
the proposed by-laws, as follows:
"When said corporation shall ac
quire by purchase, or exchange of its
stock, the warehouses and other as
sets of existing or future warehouse
companies, thus merging -and consol
idating such other warehouse com
panies into the Union Consolidated
Warehouse company, then the old
stockholders who shall thus become
stockholders in this corporation shall
have.the privilege of appointing three
of such old stockholders, who shall
act as a local governing committee,
and such committee shall have the
power of recommending a suitable
person. a stockholder, as warehouse
man for such newly acquired ware
house, and the board of directors of
this corporation shall, in the absence
of specific disqualifying causes, ap
point such warehouseman so nominat
ed by the said local governing com
mittee, -to manage sneh warehouse;
and in all other substantial matters
eoneerning the local affairs of such
waire'houses, the board of directors
shall pay .e.special ;heed to such 'ad
vices and recommendations of such
local governing committee, who shall
c,ontinue stockholders in this corpor
ation, t-o ,the end that as far as may
be praoticable the former stockhold
ers of the locality' where such merged
warehouse or warehouses may be sit
uated, may have a cont.rolling voieje,
by way of recommendation, etc., mn
the local affai.rs and management -
such local warehouses. Nevertheless,
this corporation shall at all times
have and retain -the supervision and
control of all warehouses that it may
thus acquire by merger, purehase or
o.therwise, and all warehousemen of
such former iid~ividual wa.rehouse
companies .iAl1 at all times be sub
ject to the direction and control of
this corporation, ,and subject to dis
missal, arnd new ones appointed in his.
or their. stead, at the sound disere
tion of the officers and directors
This corporation proposes to main
tain a selling agency whose dut-ies
and functions are described also in
the by-laws as follows:
"The president, secretary-treasur
er and chairman of said board of di
rectors, shall .likewise constitute a
selling agancy, or committee, for the
purpose of selling the cotton of the
stockholders who may desire said cor
pration to do so, direct to tahe spin
ners, or other acceptable buyers, eith
er in the United States or abroad. and
thereby elimina-te the middlemran as
far as practieable, in the effort to
bring fairer prices, and at less ex
pense to the owners of cotton.
"Such selling agency shall prepare
and submit to tl:e hoard of directors.
for their approval, a systematic plan
of operations amply protecting the
owners of cotton, and clearly defmn
ing the powers, duties and commis
sions of this cornrOration as selling
agent, or trustees. etc.. etc..
"Such selling agency shall require
daily reports from rhe different ware
hounsemen during the cotton sellhng
sea-son, of all cotton deposited with
said warehouse for sale. showing
marks. weights. grades, names of
owners, etc.. of such cotton, and shall
keep a separate set of books. records
and accounts of the business of such
'"Sued selli:ng agency shall aceount
to and make just settlement with all
owners of such cotton i:mndi:tell
unon the c.onsummnation of sals.'
At the close of the address of
residen PBarret.t it was determined
that the executive cummittee sliuild I
meet this morning to formulate a
report on the plans )roposed by the
president and report to a meeting of
the union in executive session, to be
held at 10 o'clock, when some deciv
ive action will no doubt be taken.
It is 'announced that there will be
an open meeting of the union at 11
o'clock t-his morning, at which Gov.
M. F. Ansel will give an address, and
other speeches will be made by Mr.
T. B. Stackhouse, president of the
State Bankers' association and of the
Standard Warehouse company. In
the speech making the chamber of
commerce will be represented by Mr.
Beverley Herbert, vice president.
Secretary J. Whitner Reed yester
day received a communication from
Daniel J. Sully of New York. This
letter was not read before the meeting
last night, but will be presented to
the farmers today.
"Among Those Present."
Following is t,he personnel of the
officers and members in attendance at
the meeting last night and the plac
es in the Stalte represented:
Officers-B. Harris, president; A.
J. A. Perritt, vice-president; J. Whit
ner Reid, secretary-treasurer; W. E.
Bodie, chaplain; W. P. Caskey, ser
Executive Committee-W. R.
Parks, Second district; Joseph L.
Keitt, Third district; 0. P. Goodwin,
Fourth district; J. Frank Ashe, Fifth
district; J. H. Lambert, Sixth dis
trict; L. L. Baker, Seventh district.
Mr. Sully's Letter.
The letter received from Mr. Dan
iel J. Sully, and whiah will be read
before .the meeting today, follows:
"The purpose of the Farmers' un
ion mass meeting in Columbia is the
one nearest my aetivities and plans.
I am working here in cooperation
with your cause. and the progress is
so marked and. the call upon my time
so urgent, that I can serve the people
of the South at the :present moment
here better than in 'the South itself.
"Nothing else could prevtnt my.
presence at your congress of the
county presidents and those who are
vitally concerned in the interests we
are pledged to protect and further.
"I am glad to find that with your
president, Mr. Harris, and with the
approval of your members you have
planned to give an opportunity to the
chamber of comm:eree; the bankers,
and business men of 'Columbia to dis
uss with you the common cause of
ctton. It is only through oopera
tikn of .all classes that the realiza
tion of the plans of the South can be
"In my present project, which -is
the fruit of many years of study and
labor in the interest of the greatest
staple -the world 'has known and of
which America possesses the monop
,ly. I have gone first to the growers
of cotton and th'rough them 'to all in- ~
terests .touched by cotton in its an
nal journey from the producer ,to
the consuming millions. And it is
because worked along lines of modern
cooperation that success at last, after
many years of struggle in the South
and vicissitudes in all departments in
which cotton is the controlling factor,
~has come to us.
"I am glad to say to the State
Farmers' union of South Carolina,
and to all the South, that these gath
erings which have been held for the
purpose of betering the conditions
primarily of the growers of cotton,
and t'hrough them of all interests
which cotton serves. a.re at this mo
ment having their results in the per
fetion of a movement that is prepar
ing to finance and handle the cotton
"It is known throughout America
and 'throughout Europe that without
the 'harvest .the South yields the fur
ther progress of civilization would be
impossible. It is known as a .result
of years of serious experiment on the
part of our European rivals that the
South alone of all the regions on the
earth can produce cotton in t>he quan
tities and qualities needed by man
kind. With this marvelous asset with
whieh not other commodity compares,
the South should be. and T am glad
t sayv will be in 'the near future, the
controlling factor in the commercial
ad industrial world. These gather
ins. whieh have been the means of
concentrating national attention upon
our most important agricultural in
duitry, are now confronted by a new
opportunity-the opportunity to join
the common cause of action to make
actual all along hoped to see.
" America is known t-he world over
for its consp)icUus efficiency in nearly
all lines of endeavor. it is only in
the handling of its greatest crop. as I
have pointed out repeatedly. tha:t the
methods are crude.
" The bizness of the problem helps
to delay its solution, but there is no
poettoo big for the intelligent peo
ple of America. South and North, to
''It is a pleasure to realize that
rnr unifon at this impmitant emer
ence of cotton to its proper place as
tleadigstaple grown is taking
S. c. BARRETT
TELLS HOW THE FARMERS MAY
All Looks Good on Paper, if the
Farmers Will Join in the
The State, April 30.
The presidents of the Farmers' un
ions of the State organizations in
South Carolina, as they came to town
yesterday, foregaithered at the State
headquarters at 1522 Main street.
There was quite a bunch of them
there in the afternoon when a repor
ter for The State drifted in. Pres
ident C. S. Barreitt was the centre of
interest, and he 1was jollying the
croWd :n a way that caused som
meriiment then and a good deal of
ha,rd hinking afterwards, for there
was "method in his madness."
He was -v-0rtly taking this meth
od oi preparing the minds of "the
boys from the forks of the crick"
for the propositions he intended to
make when they met in solemn and
executive conclave. Mr. Barrett was
saying interesting things, in an off
hand way, and unobtrusively as he
supposed the reporter began to take
note. T'he action did not escape the
eagle eye of the man at the head of
the most earnest organization of mud
sillers the world has ever known.
Now the reporter for The State
was .at one time a member of this
wonderful economic organization and
his explanation, when called to taw,
was satisfactory. In a subsequent
talk Mr. Barrett explained tha plan
by which it is proposed that the cot- i
ton raising farmers shall be able to
market their staple so as to eliminate
the speculators and give to the men
whose i.abor is stored up in his bales
of cotton a price more nearly com
mensurate wit)h its value.
The plan is, brief, to organize a
great stock oorporation within the
Farmers' union itself with sufficient
capital to handle the annual product
of the United States. Scattered
throughout the Southern States are
hundreds of warehouses owned by
he farmers in the unions. It is pro
Posed that the stock company to be
>rganized shall absorb all these .wide
y disseminated properties by ex
hanging stock, so that the present
wners of stock in the segregated
warehouses shall become owners of
tock of equal value in the big com
The process is to be exactly -along
he lines adopted in the formation of
he great industrial corporations in
he United States. In other words,
he farmers are to quit -acting as in'di
iduals and as small corporations and
o into a gigantic combina:tion to con
rol absolutely the cotton market.
his .accomplished, the management
f this corporation is to be entrusted
o men competent to handle business
n a vast scale. These men may or
ay not be members of 'the Farmers'
The stock is to be held by the farm
ers 'themselves, but the management
is to be placed in the hands of men of
ability selected for their knowledge
f how to conduet large operations.
hese men will be the employes of the
big farmers' corporation.
The business of the great corpora
tion of farme.rs will be to buy, build,
>wn, lease and operate warehouses
'or -the storing of cotton throughout
the Southern States; to engage in the
business of storing and warehousing
otton and othber -farm products for
ire; to issue negotilable or non-ne
gotiable warehouse receipts or cot
on certificates, as needed, upon cot
ton or other farm products stored in
any of the warehouses owned or con
trolled by the corporation, and to pro
vide for securing and guaranteeing,
by pledging all or any part of its
physi.al or ot'her assets, or by obtain
ing other guarantees, at the discre
tion of its board of directors; to buy
and sell cotton and other produets for
itself, or as agent or trustee for its
tockhoders, or other persons or
corporations, upon commission.
It is the purpose of the corporation
to buy the cotton outright at the
highest rate from the farmers, rather
han to adopt the policy of loaning
This corporatrion will have no use
for cotton speculators and manipula
tors of prices. The corporation will
monopolize the product and make its
own prices. It will sell direct to con
sumers in the same manner that the
Standard Oil corporation sells oil. I
will have its agents in the countries
of Europe, and will deal directly with
the spinners and other consumers on
a large scale. In short, if the plans
are carried out, it will revolutionize
the method of cotton trading.
1'waU2tful action to further the
cause. which means :he complete re
generation of the Sorth, and .the eco
noiic salvation of the country as a
HE TOOK HIS OWN LIFE.
J. A. Yarborough of Whitmire Shot
Greenwood, May 1.-J. A. Yarbor
ough, the private secretary to the
president of the Glenn-Lowry Man
ufacturing company, of Whitmire,
committed suicide last night at 12
o'clock by shooting -himself through
the head twice.
It seems bbat Mr. Yarborough had
been in a spirit of depression for sev
eral days previous to the tragedy and
his J-iends and family were worried
in regard to his condition but no one
suspicioned him taking his life.
The dead man is originally from
Franklin, N. C. He leaves a wife and
two children to mour their loss.
A Third Person Present.
In tie town where the Rev. Dr.
Emmons was pastoor lived a physi
cian tinctured with the grossest form
of pantheism, who declared that if
he ever met Dr. Emmons he would
easily floor him in argument. One day
they met at the home of a patien:.'
The physician, says the Nashville
Banner, abruptly asked Dr. Emmonw:
'"How old are you, sir?"
The doctor, astonished at his rude
ness quietly replied: "Sixty-two;
may I ask, sir, how long you have
"Since the creation," was the re
ply of the pantheist.
"Ab, I suppose, then, you were in
the Garden of Eden with Adam and:
''I was there, sir."
''Well,'' said the wily divine,-''we
all know there was a third person
His selection of a summer home in
Maine and a winter home in Georgia
is a delicate concession, Mr. Taft,
to the prohibitionists.-Atlanta JouTr:
Mournful numbers-the balance
on the wrong side of the street.
FREE TRWP to tke'
RE YOU ONE
*" ofthe many tane
ands who want to
OR EGoN explorg tlim%WOn
dierland ? ? ?7
O as5 instituted anew
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ee the FAR WEST. Write for
For full particulars addrcess
Sunset Travel Club~
16 Flood Building, San Francisco, CaL.
AN ORDINANCE ORDERING:SPS
CIAL ELECTION IN TOWN orF
NEWBERRY FOR THE PUR
POSE or ISSUING BONDS TO
THE AMOUNT OF FORTY
THOUSAND DOLLARS FOR THE
PURPOSE OF IMPROVING AND
EXTENDING THE SEWERAGE
AND WATERWORKS OF THE
TOWN OF NEWBERRY.
Whereas a petition has been pre
sented to the Mayor and Aldermen of
the Town of Newberry, S. C., in the1
words following, to wit:
''The undersigned freeholders of
the Town of Newberry respectfully
petition your honorable body to order
an election on the question of issuing'
coupon bonds to the amount of Forty
Thousand Dollars, payable forty
years after date, and bearing interest
at a rate not exceeding five per cent
per an.num, payable annually, or semi
annually, for the purpose of improv
ing and extending the sewerage and
waterworks of the Town of Newber
Whereas it appears by affidavit of
Olin L. Buzhardt, clerk and treasurer
of the said town, that said petition is
signed by a majority of the freehold
ers of the Town of Newberry, S. C.,
as shown by its tax books; and
Whereas, Section 202, Vol. 1, of the
Code of L::ws of South Carolina,I
192, de:-ares that it shall be the
duty of .the municipal officers of any
incorporated city or town of this
state, upon a petition of the majority
of the freeholders of said city or
town, as shown by .the tax books, to
order a special election in any such
city or town for the purpose of is
suing bonds for any corporate pur
pose set forth in said petition:
Now, therefore, Be It Ordained by
the Mayor and Aldermen of the Town
of Newberrv, in the State of South
Carolina. in council assembled, and
by authority of the same. that a spee
'ii election be, and the same is here
y ordr,- held a Coneil Chambers
in s.id town. the polls to b-a opened
at 8 o'clock a. in. and to be closed at
6 o'dock p. in.. on Ma 18, 1909, for
the purpose of submitting to the elec
tors of said town who are duly quali
fied fox voting under the constitution
and laws of the state of South
Carolina the question whether said
bonds shall be issued (according to
law) as prayed for in said petition.
Those voting at said election who
favor the issue of said bonds shall
cast a ballot upon which shall be
printed or written the words "For
the Issue of Bonds," and those who
oppose .the issue of said bonds shall
cast a ballot upon which shall be
printed or written the words
"Aoainst the Issue of Bonds."
The following named persons are
hereby appointed managers of said
election: F. M. Lindsay, A. C. Welch
and J. H. Gaillard.
Provided that any vacancy that
may occur in the board of managers
may hereafter be filled by appoint
ment to be made by the Mayor, or
acting Mayor as the case may be.
Public notice of said election to be
given by the publication of this or
dinance once a week for three con
secutive weeks in the Newberry Her
ald and News and the Newberry Ob
server, two newspapers published in
Done and ratified under the cor
porate seal of said town this 20th
day of April, 1909.
J. J. Langford,
Attest: Olin L. Buzhardt,
C. & T. T. C. N.
NOTICE OF ELECTION.
The School Board of Newberry
Graded Schools will on May 6th hold
annual election for the following po
One Superintendent of the Schools
at salary of $1,500 a year.
High School Department.
One male Principal at salary of
$90.00 per month. Two teachers at
salary of $60 per month.
Grammar School and Primary De
Nine teachers at salary of $50 per
Hoge School (Colored).
One Principal at salary of $45 per
month. Fou~r teachers at salary of
$30 per month.
No application will be eodnsidered
unless said applicant shall hold a first
grade certificate or diploma from
some institution recognized by the
State Board of Education.
J. M. DAVIS,
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF NEWBBEEY.
IN PROBATE COURT.
E. A. Griffin, as Administrator of
the Estate of Ben Dember, deceased,
and in his own right, Plaintiff,
Mary Dember, Lawson Dember,
Henry Dember, British & American
Mortgage Company, Limited, E. A.
Griffin and B. F. Griffin, partners
doing business under the firm name
of E. A. Griffin & Company, and
Ewart-eerry Ocompany, Defendants.
It is ordered, That all and singular
the creditors of t'he estate of Ben
Dember, deceased, be and they are
hereby required t orender in and es
hereby required to rnder in and es
in the above stated case, on or be
fore the 20th-day of May, 1909; and
that all and singular the said credi
tors be enjoined and restrained from
enforcing their demands elsewhere
than in the above entitled action.
F. M. Schumpert,
Judge Probate for Newberry Co.
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Tobobeville, Kentucky. ..d ..e..u5.8
Andersoue.. .... y..158
BAesbunt Souher Baptis ....e17.9
Blville . fro all poin. Tickets.4
Brachlllbe ol May .. .., 12 and 13,0
1909,lteor return leaving. L.20.8
vilesnlter than . midnight of ..a5.8
Columbi 0.. .. .. .. 69
Greville $.. .. .. .15.80
Lancaer.. .... .... .....17.85
Naebrgy... ... .... .....17.30
Orangeburg .. .... .......14.95
Prospey.. .... .... .....18.40
RacHille.. ... ......... 19.05
Sueter .... .... .... .....185
Gafneon.... .... .... ..... 14.80
Gorkville.. .... .... .....15.85
RoHerdi ai ally.for.oter.158
Chv' re sto. C