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Our Missionl ended. we turned our fie- ea.t a.-ain. antelidma'2
to join our command miles below Cheraw. Before the next day
the whole army and ourselves were beyond Broad river.
After crossing Broad river Hood's army 'bore to the left, while
we kept straight ahead. with the idea of falling in Sherman's rear.
There was less danger of our capture among his unsuspecting
"bummers." than on his flanks or in front. AWith his 'ever-ready
scouting parties and pickets. Sherman always had his ear to the
groun(d in front. but cared nothing for his flanks or evenl his rear.
as no enemy could approa-h him there. Gen. ('1heatham
had cautioned us to fight shy of his cavalry, and this eautioni had,
of necessity, forced us to risk our ehances with the Federal sol
For -want of space I will pass over most of the ev-ery-day event:
-the minor e.;eapades, our occasional brushes with the enemy, our
many routs and races for our liv-es, and the abuse and scorn of the
women we met-and confine myself to some of the most important
happenings. Often we were nearly frozen to death, traveling by
day in a drenching rain, hiding by night in thickets, with our
cloth;es wet to the skin, and with no way of starting a fire. When
we got farther along, nearing the armies, we were in greater dan
ger of being shot by Gen. Wheeler's Confederate cavalry than
from the Union forces. The former could not be burdened with
prisoners, and we had no way of explaining our condition. It
took less time to shoot a suspect than to listen to the unraveling of
a doubtful story. Neither could we take prisoners. When the
fortunes of war threw them in our power what would we do with
them? Turn them loose to dog our foot-steps, catch us off guard,
and then cut our throats? So it reuced itself to the old propo
sition that I mentioned to Gen. Hardee at the outset, "Harney
ketch, Billy hang. Billy ketch, Harney hang." After nearly fifty
years of peace it would be wrong to harrow the sensitiv-e feelings
of this generation with details of fepisodes which they could not
comprehend; nor could they understand the bitterness existing be
tween the opposing armies, and especially the bitterness of the
axmy of the South, which was fighting to the losing finish of a
quarrel of a century's standing. The perpetrators of deeds done
then, that would be applauded at the time, would now be -execrat
ed and branded as coldJblooded butchers and unconscionable. mur,
derers. So much for my reasons in not giving details. 1hose with
morbid -minds, or ilovers of the sensational, can draw upon their
imaginations for such conclusions as suit them 'best. The pure in
mind and refined will pass it over with thanks for the omission.
We jogged -along on foot at a rambling gait, having left our
horses behind us for two reasons; tha first was that the bridges
and ferries were either burned or swept away, and the second was
that we could not get anything to feed them on in the country of
desolation through whi-h we 'passed.
We 'kept the straight road, striking the wake of the enemy be
yond Winnsboro and kmping it until we came to the Catawba riv
er at Peas' ferry. The enemy had just crossed, 'and every boat of
whatever description had been destroyed or washed away for
miles above and 'below us. We must cross the stream, and there
was only one course for us to take. We gathered some bottom
poles, left from a fence that had been 'burned, lashed them togeth
e'c "cross and pile,'' and secured them with twisted muscadine
vines, which made 'a very presentable raf,t. The river was still
very 'high, presenting a wide muddy expanse of swiftly flowing
water. We heaved the raft in, having fashioned out some rough
,paddles, and ,prepared to embark. It looked a little hazardous,
but I concluded we would com'e out some miles below, provided,
as Dixon suggested, "the little lady's prayer"'held good. We
tied our guns, slung our revolvers around our necks, and pushed
I was a spilendid swimmer, but Dixon still insisted that 'he could
swim in but one direction, and that was straight to the bottom.
He was instructed, whatever happened to me, to hang for his life
to the .raft, and he would land somewhere short of the Atlantic
ocean. The raft sank to our waists when we first got on. but when
we struck the current it began going round and round, like a spin
ning jenny. We got 'her righted at last, while Dixon brought up
the joke about "the little lady's prayer,'' saying that he had
grown to have faith in it. In fact, I began to be superstitious
about it myself. We landed about three miles below the starting
point and clambered out, wet, but with everything safe. In go
* ing up the river to regain the road we had left, we came upon an
old, dilapidated artillery horse, and one of the most innoce'nt and
ungainly looking mules that was ev'er in Sherman's army.
For a mile or more, in a flat piece of bottom land, was one vast
wilderness of wreckage-broken-down wagons, mired-up caissons,
dismantled carriages and 'buggies--the whole resembling an over
land armada come to grief. We lassoed the old 'horse, the mule
followingz like its shadow, and made 'halters out of our gun straps
and saddles of our blankets, and rode away. The fun we had for
a day or two, riding that old horse and its shadow, was worth a
"cycle of Cathay.'' I rode the 'horse, calling myself Don Quixote,
while Dixon on the mule styled himself "your esquire. Sancho
Panza.'' I must confess we looked 'exactly like the pictures, seen
in my boyhood, of these two worthies, made famous by the genius
of the immortal Cervantes.
Onr pace was slow and torturous, and our blankets below us
seemed to be growing more threadbare 'every step we took. Just
before we came to a :little hamlet, called Rich Hill, as I now re
member, or Liberty Hill, we ran up on an old gentleman named Cun..
ningham, who had been hiding out for several days and wts some
thing the worse for wear in temper and hunger. He was a great
old Southerner, 'however, and when 'he had grown somewhat tame
after his fright of rumning into the two Yanks, as he supposed, he
insisted on our going to his house in towii and spending the night
with him. Dixon had relatives there; so explanations were easy.
Mrs. Cunningham, a fine lady, was in a most worried frame of
mind over the conduct of 'her house maid the day 'before. She had
danced with the Yankees all over the 'house, with the possible ex
ception, I believe, of the top of the piano, and had given her mis
tress impudence almost intolerable, swearing she would never do a
stroke of work again for her or for any one else, for "t'hey'' had
said she was free. The negroes always spoke of the Yankees as
"'ther. '' She had sleft the 'house in gtreat dudgeon and gone to the
yad as the negro quarters were called. Mrs. Cunningham was
asked to keep qiet. we telling her that it was one of our special
missions to take care 'of such casesC as Nellie's. and we assured her
that in the morning ther maid would be with her again.
We l.p in te azz tat night in order to keep a weather eye
on the enemy eaip. the reflecti
visible in the distance.
After a lhearty brea.kfast Dixor
of the pugnacious Nellie. Bacd
rows of cabins, and the street b<
belonging to Mr. Cunninhain.
who had wives on the laee. T
bilities. Dixon was to kee,p the
back, while I attended to the mi
the street between the men. in1
inqui-ries and sniffed dan.ger. n
der the bed. Dixon stood onitsii
and I pulled Nellie ont by the
threatening inzhinm destiiion i
"whooped for the lailing.-' TI
a time or two a'round in the eabi
his pistol, while I was pretendir
loose after a bit and made a sti
back porch of which stood Mrs. ,
ed for "missus. oh! missus,'' wh
head. She made the porch with
.ninghan around the waist. I tri
I tried the more she ripp-ed Mrs
moorings. The maid cut such
dress became more and' more les
desist. and the frightened negro J
As Dixon and I rode east I c
most, the negress' fright and ani
Poor, good Mrs. Cunningham, I I
long since passed over the river, I
two boys were laughing at her ar
ed the fine breakfast she had giv
But we were out for a dance
the sunny partners.
(To be e
Governor Ansel Refuses to Grant
Pardons to Morgan Thrailkill and
Miller, of Saluda County.
Governor Ansel has refused elem
ency to Morgan Thrailkill, the white
man of advanced years, who killed
Benny Burton, at Monetta, in April,
1906. Thrailkill and his son, Clar
nce, were convicted. The latter has
erved out 'his time and was among
'hose who appeared before Governor
Lisel in making a petition for the
ardon for the elder Thrailkill.
The .petition was indeed a strong
ne and was strongly presented. It
s drawn up in elegant and appealing'
anner, and is signed -by many of the
esponsible people of Saluda, Edge
eld and other counties. The plea is
;'e advanced age of Thrailkill, his
rrmer alleged God-fearing and up
ight life, 'and his conduct as a pris
ner. He is further said to be suf
ering from 'a disease of the kidneys
,hich .will shorten his life and make!
~is services of little value to the
Governor Ansel endorses on the p'e
on :''After mature consideration of
1e evidence in this case and the re
ort of the judge and solicitor, the;
a'tition for pardon is refused."''
Solicito.r Timmerman writes that
e did not .try tihe case, but after
eding the testimony :''I must de
~line to recommend a pardon for pe
itioner. As I see it, the jury in this
ase could have done nothing lessI
han convict the defendant. I thave
ailed to discover the slightest neces
~ity for the killing, except the neces
~ity whieh the petitioner and his son,;
ho was convicted 'along with him for
1anslaughter, brought about.''
Miller Refused a Pardon.
Sion Miller. of Saluda, sentenced
to ten years in the penitentiary for
anslaughter, was refused a .pardon.
iller was tried, with Russell Mc
ormick and Joe B. Allen, for the
illing of Richard Truesdale, colored,
ear Long Bridge, Saluda county,
une 11. 1904. McCormick and Mil-j
[er were found guilty .and sentenced
: ten years. Solicitor Thurmond
tates in his recommendation to Gov
~rnor Ansel that it is always a hard
atter to secure the con'viction, of a
-hite man for the killing of a 'egro,
nd that he pressed this conviction,
ut now feels t:hat the ends of justice
are been satisfied. Miller bhas a
~oung wife' and children who are de
endent upon him. the petition says.
overnor Ansel, while sympathizing
with Miller, could not recommend the
ardon, under the circumstances.
HAVIRD) IN MORE TROUBLE.I
fter making Bond in Three Cases,
Another Charge is Brought
Saluda, May 8.-Pope B. Havird 's
roubles continue to thicken. After
aking bond in the three cases
gainst -him in the magistrate 's court,
his sureties on the .$2,500 bond, un
e which he was held on the charge
f killing Tom Scurry, colored, ten
x-ears ago, decided to withdraw. and
I nlot ifi ed thle clerik of couItrt. It was
h en ithatI ilavird lhad to look out for'
ondsmen on this charge, and when
ther were found, it was discovered
that inasmuch as the case 'had. by or
e of Judge Shipp, been transferred
to Edgefil couty for trial the clerk
on of ils e11p fires being plainly
I and I unide rtook the diseipAining
of the dwelling were two long
dween was filled with negro men
11(1 thoIe from dle neig'hl)orhood
hey were discussing future possi
men(ll (fifteen Or twenty) off my
s-.uided maid. We valked down
ai hiing.r filr' Nellie. sie he:-.I the
iigo in a hoiie and erawling un
[e. with ilis revolver i is llanid,
feet. rippin. a]Id snorting and
o Ir'r. wlile slle prayed and
W( "lady' aid I "two-stepped'
n, Dixon holding the men off with
ig to murder the maid. She tore
-eask for the "'big house," on the
md Mr. Cunningharn. Nellie vell
ile I fired shot after shot over her
one bund. and eaught mrs. Cnn
ad to tear her loose, and the more
. Cunningham's skirts from their
antics, while Mrs. Cunningham's
s a dress, that she begged me to
ell into a faint.
iuld not tell which .we laug'hed at
ics, or Mrs. Cunningham's plight.
now, in the nature of things, has
mit had sle only known how those
A her maid, slhe would have wish
en us had choked us both.
xith death.'' and could not ignore
of the county could not approve the
Sheriff Sample, at Havird's solici
tation, earried him over to Edgefield,
where. it appeafrs, he made bond and
One would think : Havird had
enough trouble on his hands for a
while, but not content with his pres
ent quota, it is charged that he drew
his magazine pistol on Joe Ben
Brooks in the public highway and
threatened to "do him up." For this
a warrant was issued on Wednesday
by Magistrate Ramey. Two other
parties applied for warrants that
Havird mny be requiired. 'to anake
bond to keep the peace. The sheriff
will go for him today.
The Hong-Koug Gander and the Big
Said the Hong-Kong Gander to the
Big Fa.t Hen,
"You haven 't laid an egg in goodness
Said the Big Fat Hen to- the bird
"It's .this rotten climate of South
"I thoug~ht as much; then what do
y ou say
To our going bacek for the Twentieth
Said the Chinese bird. And the Hen,
big and fat,
Asked, "What would the Major
think of that?''
"What do we -care,'' said the Hong
"If we do rouse up the Major's dan
His blamed old raffle was a fake,
And we need not stdy just for his
''There 's another thing,'' said the
"You know we tried to 'elect Bill
And if we go to Charlotte, 'Taft might
'Take those fowl birds away, away!
" 'Strike off their heads, and bury
In the rankest soil of the donjon
Their presence insults the Head of
Who came here to honor the Declara
"'Pshaw!'' said .the Gander, ''you
don't know Taft;
W:hen he heard about us he only
And said he didn't blame us a- bit,
For Elder Caldwell put us up to it.''
But it was no use, for the Hong
Could not persuade t.he Hen to wan
Back to the State where all hens lay
A perfect egg most every day.
So the Gander got mad, and'remark
"You hiaven't laid an egg in good
ness knows when.''
"'Well. neither have you,'' the Hen
Shucks!' cried the Gander, "'I'm
not built that wvay.'
--W. J. Pratt.
Never criticise anything at a char
ty bazaar, vou can't tell who madle
FIND IT AT a
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SCHOLARSHIP and ENTRANCE
The examination for 'the award of
vacant Scholarships in Winthrop
college and for the admission of new
students will be 'held at the County
Court House, on Friday, July 2, at
9 a. m. Applicants must not be
less than 15 years of age. When
Scholarships ,are vacant after July 2
they will be awarded to those mak
ing the highest average at this exam
ination, provided they meet the con
ditions governing the award. Appli
eants for Seholarships should write
to President Johnson before the ex
amination for Scholarship examina
Scholarships are worth .$100 and
free tuition. The next session will
open September 15, 1909. For fur
Ther information and catalogue, ad
dress Pres. D. B. Johnson, Rock Hill,
* YOU WIL
Didn't Know the Slang.
An English woman who not long
ago moved to Kansas City, K an., met
a friend on the street the other day,
says the Times, and startled her by
"Do you know where I can find a
"A joint? ' gasped the friend.
"What on earth do you want to find
a joint for?"
"Why, just a natural craving. I've
been looking all over town for one.''
"Goodness!'' exclaimed the other,
who belonged to the.eW. C. T.TU. Then
to be sure the English woman was
not joking, she asked:
"Do you mean a liquor joint?''
"Never heard of such a thing,''
was the reply. "I mean a joint of
mutton, of course.''
What Really Ached.
One day Mary came to her mother
and said, "Mother, my ear aches!''
"Does it ache very bad, Mary?"
asked her motiher.
"Well, run out and play; then you
will forget about it.''
Mary went out, says the Delinea
tor, but pretty soon she came back
and said: Mother, my ear does aehe.
It is not the hole, but the ruffle
STATE or SOUTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY or NEWBEERY.
IN PROBATE COURT.
E. A. Griffin, as Administrator of
the Estate of Ben Dember, deceased,
and in his own right, Plaintiff,
Mary Dember, Lawson Dember,
Henry Dember, British & American
Mortgage Company, Limited, E. A.
Griffin and B. F. Griffin, partners
doing business under the firm name
of E. A. Griffin & Company, and
EwartPerry Coimpany, Defendants.
It is ordered, That all and singular
the creditors of the estate of Ben
Dember, deceased, be and they are
hereby required t orender in and es
hereby required to rnder in and us
in the above stated ease, on or be
fore the 20th day of May, 1909; and
that all and singular the said credi
tors be enjoined and restrained from
enforcing their demands elsewhere
than in the above entitled action.
F. M. Schumpert,
Judge Probate for Newberry Co.
The Road to Success
has many obstructions, but none so
desperate as poor health. Success
oay deman health, but Electric