Newspaper Page Text
IS HELD AT KEITT'S
(Continued from page 1.)
county last year. Everything in eon
neetion with te work was publisied.
and where a man made a gireater
yieki in the regular method than on
a demonst ration ae-re that reSult was
ireni to the public.. 100. There was
noothintO m coneal. Tlle resuls. the
amount of fertilizer u.ed. and every
thing- bearing upon the work. was
published, in order that the people
might see there was no fake. and that
tie 1i c ased re -ul' - were not due
He oave instances showing the in
erease in yields where there had
been rotation of crops instead of a
succession of the same erops on the
same land. In this connection he
stressed .the point that the Southern
farmers ought to pay more attention
to the growing of other erops than
History of the Work.
He gave a history of .the work.
The Farmers' Co-operative Demon
stration Work, he.said. was under the
Bureau of Plant Industry of the De
partment of Agriculture. It was in
augurated by Act of Congress in
January. 1904, on account of t:he
Mexican boll weevil in Texas. The
appearance of the boll weevil in Tex
as had eaused a panic, and -he plant
ers and all business men-and all
business men were..affected by what
ever affected the planters--appealed
to the government for aid. The de
partment sent Dr. S. A. Knapp to
Texas. and the general education
oard of New York contributed large
unts to aid in the work. Harri
n county, Texas, he said, consider
that the first year's work was
orth fully $100,000 to it, with the
aid which the county received, bet
-ter crops were grown with the boll
weevil than before the boll weevil
had made its appearance. N'ew crops
were started, bringing about new in
dustries. Peanuts and peanut hay
were grown, and factories for the
manufacture of peanut candy and
peanut brittle were established.
The work was now divided into two
oeneral divisions: the first including
he boll weevil section, and the see
ond t'he section where thre boll weevil
had not yet appeared. T'he work in
the second division had commenced
in March, f906. The expenses of this
'vision were paid by the general ed
cation board. Mr. Jenkins said the
nited States government paid him,
oinstance, only one dollar per
year, 'and that was done in orde! that
:he might work under government re
striction and use the mails free, etc.
Last year South Carolina had receiv
ed about $10,000 for the work, and
this year was receiving a bout $13,000.
If the proper interest was taken and
the people showed they wanted it the
amount would lbe increased. If there
was only indifference, however, the
appropriation w~ould be cut off.
Preparing For Boll Weevil.
The work in the second division
asgoing ahead of the boll weevil
-d preparing for the boll weevil, so
a,t the ,people in those sections' to
ich the weevil is approaching will
ot be altogether cotton men when
he weevil comes. It was estimated,
e said. that -the weevil was coming
towards South Carolina at the rate of
o.ne ;hundred miles a year. There was
excellent authority for the conclusion
that the weevil would feed only on
,eotton, although Mr. Jenkins said
that he personally could not vouch
for tha.t. So. that one way of getting
rid of the weevil was to cut out cot
ton for a while and to plant corn or
peas or some other crop. Another
emedy was to plant the cotton fur
ther apart in the row. Then the
weevil could be brushed off into the
dirt, where it would die in the sun.
If the rows were near together, how
ver, giving shade, the weevil would
ot be kiiled and would resume op
erations on the cotton. Another
remedy was in planting earlier va
rieties of cotton in order to get the
cotton matured~ before the weevil be
gins to get ir: its work.
Dr. llnapp. said Mr. Jenkins. was
now 7.5 years of age and expected
to live 75 years longer. He 'had trav-.
eled all over the world in the inter
est of agriculture, and was :himself
an extensive planter in different sec
tions of the country, including Louis
iana and Texas.
Southi Carolina's Corn Production.
Mr. Jenkins in passing called at
tention to the difference in farmring
in Lousisiana and China. In Louis
ana, he said, with improved met'hods
and improved machinery, a man and
is wife had cultivated two hundred
cres and had made enough money
opay for the farm. on which they
~ere tenants. In China one man and
is wife cultivated only an acre a
ear. and there was another man on
is same acre whfo did the superini
ndime. South Carolina, hre said.
as not as bad as China, but was not
et as good 'as Louisiana. South Car
maha oe of the lowes.t averages
world s revord for yield per aere.
Sonie years a(o the avcrage in Maine
was '3 bushels per acre and in South
Carolina 12. and this wit hi nine
mont.hs of winter in Maine. In the
West w.ne main had averaged 75
bushewls per acre on 1.000 acres, but
with this high avera.e the West
could'iCt equal South Carolina's ban
n i(ldS tI 11h1e Zere. The av-erage
now i Somb i Carolina wVas abouit
14 bHillels per z(*re. l)Ilt it (ught to
be much hiher.
Extent of Demonstration Wor!.
The work. lie said. was in g,eneral
charge of Dr. Knapp. and in the dif
fere,it States was in~ eharge of State
a'ents, district ag_ents. and county
aZents. In the various counties there
were -demonstrators and co-operators,
as there are in Newberry county. In
1908. he said, there were 59 agents
paid by tihe go\-ernment and S4 by
the general education board, working
in ten States from Texas around to
Virginia. There were 12.000 demon
strators and 10.000 co-operators. It
was estimated that an average of 30
farmers outside of the work visited
the demonstration work -during the
vear. This w.as not true of South
Carolina. but was a low average for
Texas and Louissana and in other
sections. This would make 360.000
farmers who visited the demonstra
tion work. and 392,000 farmers who
had been reached by the work during
the year. In addition to -this a vast
quantity of literature had been dis
tributed. The scope of the work was
to teach well-established principles
and to bring them home to the indi
Meetings of this kind were arranz
ed in order to disseminate the results
of the scientific investigations w:hich
had been conducted and the results
whieh had been attained, and in order
to exchange ideas and get closer to
Three Essentials in Farming.
There are three essential things in
farming, said Mr. Jenkins, and he di
vided his address into the three di
2. Rotation of crops.
3. Selection of seed.
There were other things of great
importance, he said, such as improved
implements and good stock;-but these
were included under these three gen
Cultivation was, of course, very
important, he said, but if the pre
pration was thorough the cultivation
was much easier. Land should be
turned deeply, and c.ultivation should
go along with and follow preparation
so closely as to be almost part of it.
Grass ought- to *be killed before it
got up. If one waited until the grass
got up .the grass would 'be cultiv'ated
along with the erop.
-~The Preparation of Land.
Mr. Jenkins asked hiis audieinee.
Why do you prepare your land at
all ? He received a number of ans
wers, all of them giving reasons. and
there was a general discussion of the
subject of p)rep)arationI. Land was
broken to give the plant more feed
ing surface, and to let the air and
moisture into the land. Of -course.
land was broken primarily to cover
the seed. By thoroughly breaking
tihe soil the moisture was held. As
an illustration. if there was a big
lod the water could get only on the
outside and would not reach the soil
on the inside of the clod. Moisture
would be held for the crop in the dry
summer months where the land was
broken deep and thoroughly. Anoth
er important reason for preparing
the land was in order to let only the
rop grow that was planted. For in
stance, if a crop was plan-ted in
weds and grass they would grow
along with the crop. The land should
be prepared before planting in order
to allow- it time to -have the air go
through it and the heat and the mois
ture. The best time to prepare land
was in the fall. so as to let the water
and moisture get into it during the
winter. causing it to freeze and to be
thoroughly broken up by the ice. For
this reason it was lbetter not to break
the land so as to leave it perfectly
level, but in ridges so tile ice could
take hold and break through. As to
how deep it should be broken (depend
ed to great extent on the character
and conditions of the soil.
Winter Cover Crops.
In this connection Mr. Jenkins
strongly urged the planting of win
ter cover crops in order to keep t-he
land opened up-not always with the
expectation, possibly, of harvesting
the cover crop, but the cover crop
saved the land and if it was turned
in in the spring it would furnish veg
etable matter which the land need
ed. Rye was a good, sure erop. and
clover was better. The great trouble
with elover'. he said1. was that a great
many p)eople had not learned enough
about the elever crop vet. Clover on
some lands, he said, would not make
a crop until after several y-ears.
Mr. .Jenkins was asked a number
his expenenee with alfalfa. He urg
Vd the pe(lde it) plant sr-all quanti
ties at first in order to see if the land
whieb it was desired to plant in al
falfa was suited to -the erop. and if
not, what the land needed in order to
make a ood crop. Alfalfa. he said.
was ole of the best hays known to)
tie word. though pea-vine hay was
alm1ost as good and a elose' second.
Alfalfa. he said, contained evei
1in1'1 necessary for food for stock.
He cited Mr. H. H1. Abrais' field of
:lfalfa as a line specimen of the crop.
South Carolina. of course c(o uld
raise as fine alfalfa as could he gLron)wn
in tihe world. and yt ie e' iI
staiees wWere it was eilg brought
into the State from Oklahoma in car
load lots at. $26.50 per ton.
As soon as a crop of anything was
taken off the land, he urged that the
land be sowed in peas. and even if
- erop was not made if the peas
were turned in the land would be in
better shape for t:he next crop.
Rotation of Crops.
Mr. Jenkins next took up the sub
ject of rotation of crops, and asked
his hearers to give him the reasons
why there should be rotation of crops
-following one crop with a different
erop. It was surgested that it was
necessary in order to get vegetable
matte,r in the land: to shade the land
through the summer, and also to give
a winter cover crop. and a number
of other excellent reasons., which will
be touched on later. Vegetable mat
ter, said Mr. Jenkins, had humus
which retained about its weight in
moisture, or six times as much mois
ture as sand. More vegetable mat
ter was the thing that was needed,
and rotation was the practical way
to get it. One crop left food for the
next crop; all plants did not take the
I same food from the soil, one needing
Miore ammonia and one more potash,
or other things, and rotation was a
great saving in t!his respect.
And one of the most important rea
sons for <rotation of crops was to
give some other crop than cotton
one of the South's greatest needs.
Another reason suggested for ro
tation was that it improved the me
chanical condition of the soil; the
roots of cow peas, for instance.
breaking up the soil and getting it
loose. Another was that it kills out
the weeds that -are not wanted. Cow
peas, he said, would go a long ways
towards killing out the things that
were, not wanted. One ireason was
because if there was a good crop the
land was thoroughly shaded.
Mr. Jenkins was asked if lhe knew
of any way of killing nut grass. He
suggested that about the only prac
tical way was by rotation of crops
which would give a continual shade,
and suggested as an experiment oats
followed by peas or cane..
He was asked a -number of ques
tions in rega,rd to the use of nitrate
of soda on grain and corn, and he
said that it was beneficial if proper
ly applied hut that it ought to be ap
plied before the ear is formed on the
inside so as to swell the whole thing.
This brought up the sub.ject of com
mercial fertilizers, and Mr. Jenkins
said that more money was wasted on
the farms in buying commercial fe,r
tilizers than in any other one thing.
Every man, he said, ought -to do his
o)wn mixing. giving the proportions
of the various ingredients suitable to
the particular land w:hich it wvas dIe
sired to put it on. Nitrate of soda
was bleing largely given up on cotton.
he said; it made fine crops for awhile
but exhausted the land too much.
Mr. Jenkins then took up the sub
jet of selection of seed, urging thre
neessity for a eareful selection of
the soundest .and most vigorous and
healthy seed. In selecting corn for
planting, for instance, the corn
should be selected in the field, and
the ears taken which were as nearly
alike as possible-t:he same size ears,
the same number on the stalk, thme
same size grains, and about as nearly
the same position on the stalk as pos
5ibleI. The object should be, lie saidl,
to 'set a standa.rd and to try to im
prve that standard. P>y making
one's selection in the field. one knew
exactly what lhe was getting. In se
ecting cotton :he knew- the general
outline of the bush he would like to
have. aind could get it in that way.
In corn if only those ears were taken
which were two on the stalk corn
could be brought to where there
would be only two ears on the stalk.
His remarks along this line were very
Mir. Jenkins' talk was pleasant and
profitable to those who heard him.
He left on the~ early train Satur
day morning for Anderson.
Kansas City .Journal.
"Why are all the women lavishing.
flwvers. zo od victuals. aniid mash
n ot es on that wifte-beater ? D)o the
women of this town admire a wife
SIlllkvi II(' sPri1. "but wh'll N(, w 'it
le iI :llI W' Hl*ll t --inIg to 1lave
him n1e--lected. lluu11kville wimmen
.have as much public- spirit as those
of other conimunities.'
AN ORDINANCE ORDERING SPE
CIAL ELECTION IN TOWN OF
NEWBERRY FOR THE PUR
POSE OF ISSUING BONDS TO
THE AMOUNT OF FORTY
THOUSAND DOLLARS FOR THE
PURPOSE OF IMPROVING AND
EXTENDING THE SEWERAGE
AND WATERWORKS OF THE
TOWN OF NEWBERRY.
Wlerca., a petiti hIas, been, pr_
:eited to he Mayor and AdeI'irmei, of
the Towxn of Newberry, S. C., in the
words following. to wit:
"The undersigned freeholders of
the Town of Newberry respectfully
petition your honorable body to order
an election on the question of issuing
coupon bonds to the amount of Forty
Thousand Dollars, payable forty
years after date, and bearing interest
at a rate not exceeding five per cent
per annum, payable annually, or semi
annually, for the purpose of improv
ing and extending the sewerage and
waterworks of the Town of Newber
Whereas it appears by affidavit of
Olin L. Buzhardt, clerk and treasurer
of the said town, that said petition is
sirned by a majority of the freehold
ers of the Town of Newberry, S. C.,
as shown by its tax books; and
Whereas, Section 202, Vol. 1, of the
Code of Laws of South Carolina,
1902, declares that it shall be the
duty of the municipal officers of any
incorporated city or town of this
tate, upon a petition of the majority
of the freeholders of said city or
town, as shown by the tax books, to
order a special election in any such
city or town for the purpose of is
suing bonds for any corporate pur
pose set forth in said petition:
Now, therefore, Be It Ordained by
the Mayor and Aldermen of the Town
of Newberry, in .the State of South
Carolina, in council .apsembled, and
by authority of the same, that a spec
ial election be, and the same is here
by ordered, held at Council Chambers
in said town, the polls to ba opened
at 8 o 'clock a. m. and to be closed at
6 o 'clock p. m., on May 18, 1909, for
the purpose of submitting to the elee
tors of said town who'are duly quali
fed for voting under the constitution
and laws of the state of South
Carolina the question whether said
bonds shall be issued (according 'to
law) as prayed for in said petition.
Those voting at said election who
favor the issue of said bonds shall
cast a ballot upon which shall be
printed or written the words "For
the Issue of Bonds,'' and those who
oppose the issue of said bonds shall
ast a ballot upon which shall be
printed or Iwritten the words
"Against the Issue of Bonds.''
The following named persons are
hereby appointed managers of said
eletion: F. M. Lindsay, A. C. Welch
and J. H. Gaillard.
Provided that any vacancy that
may occur in the board of managers
may hereafter be filled by appoint
ment to be made by the Mayor, or
acting Mayor as the case may be.
Public notice of said election .to be
given by the publication of .this or
dinance once a week for three con
secutive weeks in the Newberry Her
ad and News and the Newberry Ob
server, two newspapers published in
Done and ratified under the cor
porate seal of said town this 20th
day of April, 1909.
J. J. Langford,
Attest: Olin L. Buzhardt,
C. & T. T.C. N.
CHALESTON & WESTERN CAR
Schedule in effect May 31, 1908.
Lv. Newberry(C N & L) 12:56 p.m.
A\r. Laurens 2:02 p.m.
Lv. Lanrens (C & W C) 2:33 p.m
A r. Greenville 4:00 p.m.
Lv. Laurens , 2:32 p.m.
Ar. Spartanburg 4:05 p.m.
L. Spartanburg (So. Ry.) 5:00 p.m.
Ar. Henderson ville 7:45 p.m.
Ar. Asheville 8:50 p.m.
Lv. Laurens (C & W' C) 2:32 p.m.
Ar. Greenwood 3:32 p.m.
Ar. McCormick 4:33 p.m.
Ar. Augusta 6:15 p.m.
Ti-Weekly Parlar Car line be
tween Augusta and Asheville. Trains
Nos. 1 and 2, leave Augusta Tuesdays,
Thursdays and Saturdays, leave
Asheville Mondays, Wednesdays and
Note: Th~e above arrivals and de
nartures, as well as connections with
other companies, are given as infor
mation, and are not guaranteed.
Gen. Pass. Agt.,
Geo. T. Bryan,
t,enviBe. S. C.,
. . . ai
Silks and fu
Every one whi
as the prices a
apital $50,000 --
No Matter How Smnal,
vil give it careful att
p plie.s to the man and
NEWBEERY UNION STATION.
Arrival and Departure of Passenger
Trains-Effective 12.01 A. K.
Sunday, June 7th, 1908.
No. 15 for Greenville .. .. 8.57a.m.
No. 18 for Columbia .. . .1.40 p.m.
No. 11 for Greenville .....3.20 p.m.
No. 16 for Columbia .... .8.47 p.m.
C., N. & L. B
No. 22 for Columbia .. . .8.47 a.m.
No. 52 for Greenvilles .. 12.56 p.m
No. os for Columbia .. .. 3.20 p.m
*No. 21 for Laurens .. .. 7.25 p.m
*Does not run on Sunday
This time table shows; the times al
which trains may be expected to de
part from this station, but their de
parture is not guaranteed and the
time shown is subject to change with
G. L. Robinson,
CLIPPING HORSES.-First class
work at reasonable prices. May be
found at Phone 71.I
BLUE RIDGE SCHEDULES.
No. 18, leaves Anderson at 6.30 a.
in., for connection at Belton with
Southern for Greenville.
No 12 frm Waihalla. leaves An
in all the new
HITE, &c., &c.
)tton as soft as
Ily as pretty.
o wants it can
y have a
Lre very low for
D SEE US.
No Matter How Large,
ention. This message
re women alike.
J. E. NORWOOD;
derson at 10.15 a. mn., for connection
at Belton with Southern Railway for
No. 20, leaves Anderson at 2.20
p. in., for connections at Beltori with
Southern Railway for Greenville.
No. 8, daily except Sunday, from
Wahalla arrives Anderson 6.24 p.
in., with connections at Seneca with
Southern Railway from points south.
No. 10, from Walhalla, leaves An
derson at 4.57 p. mn., for connections
at Belton with Southern Railway for
Greenville and Columbia.
No. 17, arrives at Anderson at 7.5()
a. mn., from Belton with connections
No. 9, arrives at Anderson at 12.24
p. in., from Belton with connections
from Greenville and Columbia. Goes
No. 19, arrives at Anderson at 3.40
p. mn., from Belton with connections
No. 11, arrives at Anderson at
6.29 p. mn., from Belton with con
nections from Greenville and Colum
bia. Goes to Walhalla.
No. 7, daily except Sunday, leaves
Anderson at 9.20 a. in., for Walhalla,
with connections at Seneca for local
Nos. 17, 18, 19, and 20 are mixed
trains between Anderson and Belton.
Nos. 7 and 8 are local freight
trains, carrying passengers, between
Anderson and Walhialla and between
Wihlla anA Anderson