Newspaper Page Text
C., C. & 0. COSTLY ROAD.
Mr. Kohn Writes About Geo. L. Car
ter's Railway.-Rapid Progress
ugust Kohn in News and Courier.
There is an old saying that "see
ing is believing," and perhaps that
was what actuated me in accepting
the very kind invitation of John B.
Cleveland to go over the line of the
Carolina. Clinchfield & Ohio rail
road. This is a railroad commonly
known as the Clinehfield road. It is
in a word. a line for the present in
tended to conneet the coal fields in
the Southwest with the industrial
South. Later on it may find its way
nto the lake region.
It is no new scheme. Away back
in the pioneer days of railroad cor
struction they were figuring on just
such a road, but because of the tre
mendous cost and the difficulties of
crossing th-e Blue Ridge mountatns
it was not built. Years ago a pro
moter named Johnson came along.
He raised money with bonds in York
and L icaster counties of this S'
and along his proposeci line. He :'
the money and started the construe
tion from both ends. The old Three
C's road in this State was the south
ern or eastern end of the line. and
the western end was built from John
City to Spruce Pine. and there it
stopped. The eastern line went to
Marion City. N. C. The linke between
Marion City, N. C., and Spruce Pine
was that which meant boring and
grinding through the mountains.
Johnson failed. The old Three C's
was a drug on the railroad market.
The eastern end to Marion. N. C..
as bought and is cared for by the
Southern railway, and the western
line, as poorly built, but running
through mountains, was bought by a.
young man named George L. Carter.,
and it is out of this little road that
the Clinchfield has evolved. Mr. Car
ter has succeeded in associating men
of recognized ability. He brought the
vast possibilities of the line to the
attention of capitalists, and among
the men closely identified with the
undertaking are Mark W. Potter.
chairman of the executive commit
tee, and Normair B. Ream. the dis-J
tinguished Chicago attorney.
The basic idea in the construction
and development of the Clinchfield
railroad appears to be to get the
best, regardless of expense; it is the
cheapest in the end. T.hat is the
watehword all along the line. They
have the best of construction, the
best of roadbed, the best of rail, the
best of coal' cars, the best of loco
motives and they evidently expect to
continue this policy.
It is a road for the'spresent of only
288 miles, but the cost has been
amazing. T.he old line was changed
and rebuilt, and in the new construc
tion the central idea appears to be to
do it so well at first that it will not
have to be done over again. Mr.
Cleveland and I rode from Spartan
burg to Bostic--31 miles-in a bug
gy, and we saw one prece after anoth
er of superb railroad construction,
one beautiful concrete culvert after
another, one great "fill'' after an
other, and no trestles nor contem
plated trestles. Here is a road run
ning through a most mountainous
section of the Carolinas and no tres
tes. The trestles have all been dis
carded and there are to be iron and
steel bridges and "fills'' with cement
culverts. At Marion, N. C., they have
a fill 95 feet high and a culvert un
der it large enough for a six-horse
team to drive through-but this is
typical. But the enormous expendi
ture per mile ihas been on the line
from Marion, N. C., to Spruce Pine,
or. to be more exact, across the Blue
Ridge. It is 12 miles from Marion
to Alta Pass-at Alta Pass the moun
tains have been pierced, but the rail
road mileage is 32 miles. because of
the loops and convolutions that are
necessary to secure the minimum
rades. Not onlyV did the engineers
plan to loop and wind about the
mountain side, jbut they suggested
tunnel after tunnel. In the 18 miles
Of mOounitaini climbing there are 17
tunnels to abbreviate the grades, and
when at last you are at Alta Pass.
2.620 feet above cea level, you hardly
know that you 'have climbed a moun
tanl. except for tahe sight of the
-no~utain. It took the contraetors
three long and weary years to bore
these tunnels-miles of tunnels. but
it was all done to avoid steep grades
and danger. There is no grade in
even the ascent of over 2 and a frac
ion, per cent.
The crux of the construction has
been in the line from west to east.
The Clinchfield road is to be essen
tially a coal-bearing road. that is its)
purpose end hope. Its earning ea
pacity naturally will depend on the
unity of coal it can haul. Thlns
will depend. of course, on orders but
will he how many earloads of coal
can be hauled with a single engine
and crew. That has been the engm
ee-in problem. Original cost will be
of handing if more cars of coal Canl
be handled in a single train. Then
the heavy trains and engines havc
required steel bridges and heavy
"fills.'' but it is figured that it will
pay. When t.he engineers figured and
surveyed in previous years they re
ported that the best that they could
do wis to get a grade of eight-tenths
of one per cent from Johnson City to
Alta Pass. That was considered ex
cellent. But Mr. Carter wanted it
done better and he has insisted upon
and gotten a grade of one-half of one
per cent. That means a grade of one
half of one foot in every 1111ndred
feet. That is not inuch hill cliibing
in a mountainous section, but that has
been done. The old road from John
son City to Alta Pass was designed
to have a grade of 26 feet to the
mile, but even that has been improved
by Mr. Haskins, the first engineer of
the C.. C. & 0.. and Mr. A. W. Jones,
the engineer now in charge of the
work. It is said that Major Haskins
spent seven years surveying and plan
ning to get over the Blue Ridge in
the best possible manner. He did
not live to ride on the first passen
ger train through the thousands and
thousands of feet of tunnels he had
so carefully designed.
It was a beautiful May evening
when Col. Cleveland and I arrived
at Alta Pass on the first regular train
over the Clinchfield road. It was
cool, but the next morning. mind you
in May, there was a thick frost on
the ground outside. and it was bitter
cold in the little hotel on the moun
tain. The "hotel'' was built to ae
commodate the men - who worked on
the Blue Ridge construction.
There is a great deal that might
be written -iout the Clinehtield road
and its real sigaificance fr(oi a South
ern development stand1wint. but this
woUl be t')') mutci to udertalke iN
brief newspaper articles.
The Clinehfield road is Ji-eading for
Spartanburg--the industrial focus
of the Piedmont. The line from
Johnson City, or Dante. which is lit
tle beyond has been completed and
is in operation to Bostic which is
t1hirty-one miles from Spartanburg.
Muscle, mules and money a-re at work
on the line between Spartanburg and
Bostic City. where the direct main
line connection will be made. When
the line will be finished it is hard to
say, but as far as we could see the
greater part of the work of grading
has been completed. There is a large
"fill'' at Cudd 's Mill, in Spartan
burg county, that has to be complet
ed, but the greater part of the cut
ting and filling has been made ready
for the iron. There is to be a bridge
fourteen hundred feet long across
Broad river, and another bridge
aross Pacolet river, and there is to
be a large culvert and fill at C.herokee
reek. Otherwise there is but little
work to be done before tracklaying
The fact is that the greater part of
the work has been finished, and it
is wonderful what has been accom
plished. It is a case of where "see
ing is believing.'' The laying of rails
as already started from the Bostic
end, and it is said that simila.r work
will soon be started from the Spar
tanburg end. In this connection it
may be noted that there is now a
large supply of Tennessee coal and
iron open hearth rail at Alta Pass
ready for the work on the Spartan
It is simply a qunestion as to how
long it will take to construct the
steel bridges as to when t.he Clinch
field train will be running directly in
to partanburg from the West, via
Perhaps many would like to know
whether the Clinehfield road is to
build its main line to Columbia, and
from here zo on to Charleston. This
particular letter was intended to deal
with the actual construction and to
state that here is oday an excellent
train service between Dante and Bos
ti, and that by the close of the year
the Clinchfield trains will be running
It has taken ilnlions and millions
of dollars to build and equip thre
Clinehfield road over its present
route (f 288 miles. It is known that
the management of the Cli: -h3yd
road want toi go to Charleston. that
is their hope and their ambition.
Ir. Powell and MIr. Ream and MIr.
arter all appreciate and realize
what it will mean to have their main
line run into Charleston and there
et in touch with the ocean trans
portation. T,hey want to come by
way of Columbia. but they are likely
to 'stop and catch breath when they
gt through with the work to Spar
The expert engineers and the expert
economists hve advised the construe
tc to 0h Atlantie coast. and that
There m::y be certain c1 ~ompelllinlt
contingencies that will bring about
th ..o.. immedite c.onstruction of
te li e poper in'o ('ol110bla ai(
Charleston. but the likelihood is that
for the present at least traffic ar
tanements will be made, and how
long this will re.spond to the needs
of the coal-carrying road, with its
high ideals or what a road ought to
be. remains to be seen.
In another letter I want to write
something of the country through
which the Clinohfield road is running
particularly that. portion in this
INCENDIARIES AT WORK
Stores at Gray Court Destroyed by
Fire-Mayor Babb Fired on.
Laurens. May 13.-As Dr. C. B.
Earle of Greenville, and his party
were coming here in automobile, Dr.
Earle h;ving been called to attend
the actor who was accidentally shot
itonight, they passed through Gray
Court and found the stores of Willis
& Curry and R. L. Gray in flames.
The buildings were destroyed. and
the loss will amount to several thous
and dollars. It is believed that the
fire was caused by an incendiary.
Mayor Babb, who had gone to
meet Dr. Earle in an automobile, was
fired on near Gray Court, presumably
by the same party who fired the build
ings. As Mr. Babb and his chauffeur
passed t,hrough Gray Coirt they no
ticed a light in the store of Willis &
Curry, which indicated that the torch
I was applied just before the other
party reached Gray Court.
ACTOR ACCIDENTALLY SHOT.
J. Ross Wilson Probably Fatally
Wounded at Laurens by Dis
charge of Revolver.
igurens. May 13.-J. Ross Wilson.
mem111ber f the Demorest Stock
company. playing an engagement at
the opera house here, was accidental
ly shot in the abdomen tonight by
Dick Lewis, another member of the
company. He is not expected to live
through the night. Dr. C. B. E-arle
was uimmoned from Greenville and
left there at 9:30 o'clock in an auto
mobile to perform an operation. He
arrived here shortly after 11 o'colek.
Lewis, it appears, had finished loa.d
ing tihe revolver just a few minutes
before t-he opening of the play. He
handed the weapon to Wilson and in
somre way it was diseharged. The
ball entered the lower abdomen and
coursed to the right, perforating sev
eral in estines. an hstw
children. He is from Sullivan, Ill.
No show was given tonight because
of the accident.
WOMEN TO VOTE.
Episcopa.l Conference at Spartan
burg Takes Important Action.
Spartanburg. May 13.-The 119th
annual council of the Episcopal Dio
ese of South Carolina adjourned
Waha~t is regarded as important ac
tion was taken on the ques'tionl (f
allowing women .to vote in clborch
elections. On the first bait both
the clergy and the laymen voted in
favor of allowing w>eer. to voie in
the parish elections. The matter of
dividing the State into two dioceses
ut no action taken. the question be
ing referred to a committee to report
at the next session of the coneil.
The question of the division of the
diocese came up on the report of the
committee appointed yesterday.
which recommended the appointment
of a committee of fivec clergymen and
six laymen to take the matter in
charge. and provide for the division.
Mr. Stanyarne Wilson moved to
amend the tresolution by adding the
words "advisability and feasibility."
the effect of which would be to leave
the matter open, which was accepted
and the threatened storm blew over.
Mr. Gordon. the chairman of the com
mittee. made a long and earnest
sneech- on the necessity for the divi
sion of the diocese. eiving the ren
sons for the ae.tion oif the committee.
Tt w as hardly dawn. and tbe win
dow ws open. The intruder had
'l1mere up1 the~ fron~ niorr-h. anid
ne intrio'r oPf the r:. .m looked invit
in. He could see that it was toe
abode of some persom of wealth.
There were costly orr'mr.>nts pbout
the room. aurv one K' which would
brng handson rt n:, at a pawn
broker 's. A co I eloek: ticked on thec
m antle, and -i silver seric glie
ed on the tThk
On the ei -'1 biy a min . leein1
ain*t elow of 4lar.
Th i i ine.' mutt ered the in*rn
derf2. "Here'sj a bllanded man first
hing. The season is opening in great
An hel fir-At fly crawledor ver the
wiow\ s,I and te seasuu of LuAuL
AN ORDINANCE ORDERING SPE
CIAL ELECTION IN TOWN OF
NEWBERRY FOR THE PUR
POSE OF ISSUING BONDS TO
THE AMOUNT OF FORTY
THOUSAND DOLLARS FOR THE
PURPOSE OF IMPROVING AND
EXTENDING THE SEWERAGE
AND WATERWORKS OF THE
TOWN OF NEWBERRY.
Where.:s a petition has been pre
sented to the Mayor and Aldermen of
the Town of Newberry, S. C., in the
words following, to wit:
"The undersigned freeholders of
the Town of Newberry respectfully
petition your honorable body to orde
an election on the question of issuing
coupon bonds to the amount of Forty
Thousand Dollars, payable forty
years after date, and bearing interest
at a rate not exceeding five per cent
per annum, payable annually, or semi.
annually, for the purpose of improv
ing and extending the sewerage and
waterworks of the Town of Newbar
Whereas it appears by affidavit of
Olin L. Buzhardt, clerk and treasurer
of the said town, that said petition is
igned by a majority of th-a freehold
ers of the Town of Newberry, S. C.,
as shown by its tax books; and
Whereas, Section 202, Vol. 1, of the
Code of Laws of South Carolina,
1902, declares that it shall bre the
duty of the municipal officers of any
incorporated city or town of this
-tate, upon a petition of the majority
tf the freeholders of said city or
town, as shown by th-e tax books, tc
order a special election in any such
eity or town for the purpose of is
u:ing bonds for any corporate pur
pose set forth in said petition:
Now, therefore, Be It Ordained by
the Mayor and Aldermen of the Town
of Newberry, in the State of South
Carolina, in council assembled, and
by authority of the same, that a spee
ial election be, and the same is here
by ordered, held at Council Chambers
in said town, the polls to be opened
at 8 o'clock a. m. and to be closed at
6 o 'clock p. m., on May 18, 1909, for
the purpose of submitting to the elec
tors of said town who are duly quali.
fed for voting under the constitution
and laws of the state of South
Carolina tl-e question whether said
bonds shall be issued (according -tc
law) as prayed for in said petition.
Those voting at said election who
favor the issue of said bonds shal]
ast a baliot upon which shall be
printed or written the words "For
the Issue of Bonds,'' and those whc
oppose the issue of said bonds shall
ast a ballot upon which shall be
printed or written the words
"Against the Issue of Bonds.''
The following named persons arf
hereby appointed managers of said
eletion: F. M. Lindsay, A. C. Welcd
and J. H. Gaillard.
Provided that any vacancy thai
may occur in the board of manager
may hereafter be filled by appoint
ment to be made by the Mayor, o1
acting Mayor as the case may be.
Public notice of said election .to be
given by the publication of .this or
dinance once a week for three con
secutive weeks in the Newberry Her.
aId and News and the Newberry Ob
server, two newspapers phiblished ix
Done and ratified under the cor
porate seal of said town this 20t1
(ay of April, 1909.
J. J. Langford,
Attest: Olin L. Buzhardt,
C. & T. T. C. N.
1tw. 3 w.
CHARLSTON & WESTERN CAR
Schedule in effect May 31, 1908.
v. Newberry(C N & EL 12:56 p.m.
-\--. Laurens 2:02 p.m.
Lv. Laurens (C & W C) 2:35 p.m
.r. Guenville 4:00 p.m.
Lx. Laurens - 2:32 p.m.
Ar. Spartanburg 4:05 p.
!r. Spartanhurg (So. Ry.) 5:00 p.m.
Ar. Hendersonville 7:45 p.m.
Ar. Asheville S 8:50 p.m
L. Lanren3 (C & W C) 2:32 p.m.
Ar. Greenwoo,d .3:32 p.m..
.r. McCormick 4:33 p.m.
Ar. Augusta 6:15 p.m.
Tri-Weekly ParIar Car line be
ween Augusta and Asheville. Trains
Nos. 1 and 2, leave Augusta Tuesdays,
Thursdays and Saturdays, leave
Asheville Mondays, Wednesdays and
Note: The~ above arrivals and de.
partures, as well as connections with
other companies, are given as infor
maion, and are not guaranteed.
Gen. Pass. Agt.,
Augus ta, Ga.
OUR LINE IN
ELEGANT COTTON STUFFS
Crepe effects in all the new
WHITE, &c., &c.
Mercerized Cotton as soft as
Silks and fully as pretty.
Every one who wants it can
certainly have a
2 as the prices are very low for
these beautiful creations.
COME AND SEE US.
THE NEWBERBY SAVINGS DANKI
Capital $50,000 . . - Surplus $30,000
No Matter How SmiaH, Matter How Large,
IThe Newberry Savings Bank
v~ill give it careful attenton, this message
- AS. McINTOSH. i. E. NORWOODV
F esident. Cs-!r
NEWBERRY UNION STATION. dro t1.5a n,frcneto
Arrival and Departure of Passenger No20levsAdrnat .0
ITrains--Effective 12.01 A. K. p n,frcnetosa etnwt
Sunday, June 7th, 1908. Suhr ala o revle
' Southern Railway: IWl laarvsAdro .4p
No. 15 for Gre'enville .. .. 8.57a.mn ., ihcnetosa eeawt
No. 18 for Columbia .. . .1.40 p.m.SutenRiwyfo pinsou.
No. 11 for Greenville .....3.20 p.m. No10frm W haa,lveAn
No. 16 for Columbia .... .8.47 p.m. dro t45 .i. o oncin
C., . & . Rvat Belton with Southern Railway for
No.~3 or olubia.. .320 .m No. 1, larrves atAnderson at 7.50
No. 21 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . . for Lauennections at a.in, ro Belton withtin
Ti..~jme :~~Pshow thetWalhallo.a9 arrives atAnderson at.24.24
whih tais my b epeced o ~ p m.,frmto with connections eeawt
par frm hisstaio, bt tei d~ fouthenvillwand from b Goensuh
out notderson p. .57 m forit connections
6.9p.t.fo Belton with SotenRalacor
*No 22 tfo obia ..n..t8.47a.mm Greenville and Columbia
No. c2foure nvimglly for others i.mGe oWahl
nN .var adwllcr for YOUbi . . . o.7 al xetSna,lae
*No. sal aor Andesonens9.0.a .n.7fo2Wahp.m
*MDeseotru Du S toundtaynetos tSneafr oa
TI rimernntsowsthe imh
whcht a stybeu ptd. t a bewedAdronadBet
parturevs An deursnte and 6.0at oshen 8aelca rih
in, sowcnnisecta etohng with-ris arigpasnes ewe
Souternfor Gnl. .Rbis n desn,dW ial n ewe
Has12 eurom ithaiallyfo leavers -WTal nesn