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DR. BABCOCK'S TESTIMONY.
Tells About The Conditions in The
State Hospital For The In
Dr. J. W. Babcock, superintendent
.of the State hospital for the insane
testified before the legislative investi
gating committee in Columbia on
Thursday. The following report of
his testimony is taken from the Co
Dr. Babcock's Testimony.
Dr. J. W. Babcock, the superinten
dent, was next called. There was con
siderable interest manifested by the,
members in his testimony and every
word was listened to with closest at
He was questioned by Mr. Carey.
He swas born in Chester county in
1856. He had worked his way
through school and Harvard college,
graduated there in 1882. He after
wards worked in an asylum in Mass
.achusetts. He worked there from
1885 to 1891. About July 1, 1891,
.Gov. Tillman wrote him and after
consultation lie was offered the su
perintendency. He had experience in
the Massachusetts asylum where he
was second assistant physician. He
had been superintendent ever since.
Receiving the Patients.
Dr. Babcock then explained the re
ceiving of patients. The papers
came from tahe probate judge. There
was a vaccination requirement in
case of a smallpox epidemic. Last
year the -commitment except in emer
gency physicians' certificates attach
-ed ,o the commitment except in emer
Up to 1896 or 1897 the rule was
that pay -,atients could be committed
on the request of a relative or friend.
A law was then passed, at his request,
putting all patients on the same basis
and making the requirements more
Questioned by Mr. Carey, Dr. Bab
cock then explained the form of com
mitment. No patient was received
except under these conditions, said
Dr. Babcock, for the last 15 years.
The probate judges were instructed
to be particular and were particular.
The form was prepared by 'himself
and Mr. A. W. Ray. at that time
judge of probate of Richland county.
It was taken from the New York law.
There were cases when a patient
vickntly insane was brought here
without the papers. In these Dr.
Babcock always wrote back calling
at.ten.tion to the law.
A Peenliar Case. .
~Dr. Babcock told of a girl 18 years
~of age whose father was about to
-die. She lost her mind and was or
dered here by one physician. The
.authorities protested. The brother
promised to get the necessary papers
.later. The girl refused to eat and
she was fed with a tube for five
In the meanwhile Dr. Babcock
could not get the papers. Finally the
probate judge of that county got on
ly one signature to the papers. They
were sent back -as illegal, and he shad
:never been able to get them signed
The girl was now recovering. He
could not turn her out after being
sent to 'him and would not have done1
As to Inebriates.
This rule applied to inebriates and
none were taken unless the law was I
carried out. The law,. required that I
they be received as pay patients.
He would like to receive orders to
refuse a patient when the asylum was'
crowded as in other States. In jus
tice to the probate judges and the
physicians 'he believed that in every
case careful and conscientious exam
inations were made. He would accept
the commitment as prima facie cvi- i
dence that the patient was insane. In
very rare cases he went behind the
official papers, but as a rule these pa
pers were correct.
Of course the physicians examinedt
the patients when they were received
and .observattions were taken from
time to time.<
2The law required that the inebri
ates be pay patients. This was more
often 'honored in the breach than ob
servance. Very often the counties re
fused to pay as required. He had
never sued a county. A bond of $41.60
was required from The county from 1
which the inebriate .vas sent but of
ten they paid no attention to request
of >asylum authorities to settle up. 1
One ease he recalled, in which, in]
h'is opinion, the man was an inebirate
was placed in the asylum as an insane
. Questioned as to receiving patients,
Mr. Carey aske4:
"Do you mean to say you have not
the heart to refuse a patient sent
Dr. Babcok-'"I do. I can not
punish the helpless patient who 'hav
ing been sent perhaps 100 miles is
brought without the papers and is
suffering because of aleoholism."
The average number of these pati
.ents sent was about 25 a year. The
~whole qnestion was a very serious
ildfin - waS frved t, work: in fact.
t was a rule of the institution not to
tllow an attendant to force a patient
o work. There was a large number
hat wanied to do so. however, and
hese were oneouraged.
Here an adjournment was taken un
il the afternoon.
The Afternoon Session.
At the afternoon session Dr. Bab
,ock resumed his testimony.
He recalled the release of a patient
vho has testified before t1he commit
ee. This patient had employed Mr.
EIunter A. Gibbes of tihis city for P
habeas corpus proceedings and went
ut over the protest of the authorities
on account of the methods employed.
He told of a case of a negro man
and his wife, who, after going crazy
over religion. cut their child's throat
under the idea that it would come
back to life in a few days. This cou
ple was now much better, almost cur
He would recommend that cases of
this kind be commuted by order of the
circuit judge and released only on or
der of the general assembly. He
thought the couple might be .released.
They have not .had another attack
and might be given a -trial on the out
ide. Tihis was about the only case
he knew of where a release might be
He referred to a case w'here a
oung woman was released on fur
lough against the advice of 'the au
thorities of the institution and af
terwards drowned herself.
. No Discriminations.
So far as possible there was no dis
erimination as to patients on the
basis of pay. There had been no
reports of this kind made to him. Of
course 'a physician in making the
rounds might display an interest in
iertain cases sand often some of these
vere of a pathetic nature that called
Eorth special notice.
He thought that with more physi
sians more attention might be given
inieal work. This of course would
acilitate the efficiency of the institu
ion. In his opinion when a person
ost his mind even after the brain
vas restored the person should -not be
.xposed to the wear and tear of the
world until there was complete rest.
Ull asylums made the mistake of
ending out patients too soon. Of
.ourse the furlough system relieved
ressure on the institution but it
~ould not be called an ideal one.
The .percentage of recovery here
was 20 to 23 per cent.
The Annual Report.
The report of the institution was2
delayed on his own account. There
vere a number of special matters he
wished .to bring out in this report. It
would be out very soon now.
He had asked for $180,000 for (
naintenanee, .$30,000 for improve
?ents and repairs, $2.500 for the
equipment of a building atnd other
.tems. The $30,000 was .eut down to1
F5.000, the house cutting out the item
ltogether and the money being in-c
~erted by the finanee committee ofr
he senate and given.t
Brecting the Build.ings.
Dr. Babcock told of the efforts to '
~ret new buildings. The brick *at
irst was made on the place, after
vrds the convicts at the penitentiary ~
>eing used in .the work. Finally, in
897, the legislature gave . $7,500 to
ret the Parker building. It was
bout half completed w'hen the mon
y gave out. Gov. Ellerbe being told
f the emergency .arranged to have
~13000 -additonal advanced and
iromised to aid him in getting this
epair by -the general assembly, which ~
He also planned the Taylor, Talley
d t'he north buildings. The Taylor d
uilding cost $25,000, ,the Talley a
uilding cost $40,000, the new north
iuilding about $60,000. There will p
e accommodations for about 100 pa- E
ients in the new building. It was a
wo-story structure on account of the I
ire risk. The asylum had employed n
s far as possible the labor of pa- S
ients, thus saving the institution con
iderable money. The buildings were d
corked from the "inside'' standpoint a
hat 'is from the view of a physician (
Sch.ared more for convenience of
urses and patients than for architee
The main building was planned by
man who designed the asylum of
'renton, N. J. As a result the condi-r
ions were entirely different and the
milding er:ected might have suited
few Jersey but not South Carclina.
He thought the Taylor building
-ould be completed on the original 1
lesign at a cost of about $25,000. It f
ow accommodates about 65 patients.
)r. Babcock described the work in the ~
)ix cottage. which is the home for F
envalescents and those almost ready ~
o go home.
As to Appropriations.
He did not conisider it right to go '
Io"n to the general assembly and
obby for money, he sai-d, in reply to
question by Mr. Carey. t
D)r. Babeock recalled the fact that
he previous administration had been t
Leused of extravagance. He went in
one. The general assembly should .
)rovide some place where they would i
,)e treated, but until then the asylum 0
lad to take them. t
As to -hildren.
Referring to chlldren, there were
zome from 3 to 5 years of age that no
Ather asylum in the country would.
take. T&ese were received under the
As -to the charge that the patients
were not released. Dr. Babcock ex
plained t1hat as soon as possible a pa
tient was discharged. In his depart
ment, for instance, there was not a
single case that 'h-e would recommend
be discharged. Dr. Babcock then ex
plained the forms used for furloughs
and releases. Very often a patient
feeling resentful had a lawyer to
threaten habeas corpus proceedings
to secure release. He did not like to
fight a proceeding of this kind, it
meant an expense to the family and
was generally suocessful. Therefore
a furlough was granted, the patient
assuming the liability. He. knew of
no case where a patient was unreason
ably kept here.
The furlough. form was used by
other States. It was the form adopt
ed by the New York Lunacy commis
sion which he considered the best in
Mr. Carey then questioned Dr. Bab
cock as to the charge that he domi
nated the board.
Dr. Babcock explained that often
the board differed from him and his
opinions. He did not attempt to dic
tate to the board, the relations being
entirely harmonious. The idea of
domination was absurd. If he had
ever attempted to force his opinions
upon the members( it was unconscious
and fhe believed the board did not
think there was dietation on his
Empoying the Nnr-e-.
Referring to the white male de
partment, Dr. Babcock explained the
method of employing the attendants.
He did not know until Dr. Thomp
-on testified that the latter wished to
employ these nurses. It was not a
pleasant duty. When an incompetent
aurse was discovered he was discharg
Referring to a charge of cruelty, a
aurse discovere-d guilty was discharg
ed at once. He never made an excep
tion unless by oversight. He could
not tolerate it. TDhere was one case
when 'he had to cane a nurse who
mistreated a patient.
As to the case which it had been
testified was reported to him as cruel,
and he had failed to act, Dr. Bab
eoek said it must have been an over
At that 'time (he wa.s doing the work
of three people and it might have es
eaped his attention.
He was now investigating one or
wo parties, and if his idea as to their
fitness was coreet they would be dis
Dr. Thompson 's report was always ~
final and accepted without question.
[le had never declined to confer with
my assistants and so far as employ-|1
ng nurses was concerned he would
ave been glad to let Dr. Thompson
It was a common thing for a youngf
nan just as he was getting to be useful
o the institution to leave and go else- I
vere on account of more pay. ]
He had never received any coin
laint as to filth of the wards. -He a
cne'v of the existence of bugs. They e
iad always been there and there was e
constant fight to keep them down.
Getting Maie INIurses.
There had always been a difficulty r
n getting proper male nurses. It v
s-as a problem faced by all asylums
Lnd experiments were being made by a
ome to employ female nurses f)r the
ale wards. The female nurses were 1
As to bathing two patients in thet
ame water, he 'had not heard of it, t
Lnd the nurse would have been dis- t
harged should he do this sort of f
Regarding unclean patients, there t
ras a constant struggle to keep some s
>f them elean, but the nurses were y
nstructed to do everything possiblet
tlong this line.
On the preparation of food the ar-r
-angements were, of course, inade-t
iuate. The complaints did not come
from buildings he 'had constructed
>lt from the old building.1
Plans had been discussed fort
~hanges and enlargements in the i1
dtehen and dining room. As to clean
iess, there had been discussion of'
~mploying a sanitary policeman. The
resent employees were the best that
~ould be obtained but an expert could11
erhaps get better- results. 1
Dr. Babcock explained the difficul- 1
:ies in getting proper labor for the
lairy. He had personally watchedt
:he work there and the milk was of
musually good quality. It was per
iaps the best that could be produc
Question by Dr. Taylor, it was
rought out that there has never
>een numerous cases of typhoid fevert
shieh would have resulted had thre
sm-l been unce.n No one in the ,
FIME TO TUN E UP!
Get Into Your Summer Togs.
If vou haven't any except those
>f last summer you will find here
:he kind yon'll find necessary to
,reep the tone of your personal ap
pearance up to that of the best
Iressed men hereabouts.
Thin Suits, Featherlike
in Weight, Like Iron in
Wear, Underwear, Shirts,
Hosiery, Neckwear, etc.
Look us over before buying.
ITOTICE OF FINAL SETTLEMENT
Notice is hereby given that on
.onday, June 14th, 1909, at eleven
>'clock a. m.. I will make a final set
lement of the estate of J. Calvin
Neel. deceased. -in the. probate court
or Newberry county, and immediate
y thereafter apply for a discharge
ts Executor of said estate; and
il persons holding claims against
aid -estate are notified to present
ame duly probated to the under
igned on or before said date.
Samuel P. Crotwell.
Executor of the estate of J.
Calvin Neel, deceased.
May 10, 1909.
o Memphis, Tenn., Via Southern
For accommodation of the Confed
~rate Veterans and visitars to Mem
yhis, Tenn., on the occasion of t'he
-eunion June 8-10, the Southern rail
vay will operate a special train
snown as the "Veterans Special''
eaving Columbia at 1 p>. in., Monday,
une 7th, running via Newberry,
ireenwood, Belton and Greenville
~hence Atlanta and Birmingham ar
-iring Memphis about noon Tuesday,
[une 8th. This special will be .com
>sed of first class coaches and Pull
nan sleeping cars and will be in
:harge of Brigadier General Zimmer
nan Davis and staff accompanied by
he State spons.ors and maids of hon
r. Southern railway passenger rep
esentatives will give personal atten
For further information, apply to
icket agent Southern railway or
W. E. McGee,
T. P. A., Augusta, Ga.
J. L. Meek,
A. G. P. A., Atlanta,
ELUE RIDGE SCHEDULES.
No. 18, leaves Anderson a't 6.30 a
., for connection at Belton witn
southern for Greenville.'
No. 12, from Walhalla. leaves Are
erson at 10.15 a. mn., for connection
t Belton with Southern Railway for
No. 20, leaves Anderson at 2.2C'
.im., for connections at' Belton with
outhern Railway for Greenville.
No. 8, daily except Sunday, fron'
Valhalla arrives Anderson 6.24 p.
., with connections at Seneca with
outhern Railway from points south
No. 10, from Walhal]a, leaves An.
erson at 4.5'7 p. in., for conneeti'n
t Belton with Southern RailwayL for
freenville and Cuolumbia.
No. 17, arrives at Anderson at 7.50
.im., from B'lton with eonnections
No,. 9, arrives at Anderson 'at 12.24
.im., from Belton with connections
rom Greenville and Coluimbia. Goes
No. 19. arrives at Anderson at 3.4
.im., from Belton with connections
No. 11, arrives at Anderson at
.29 p. in., from Belton with con
etions from Greenville and Colum
ia. Goes to Walhialla.
No. 7, daily except Sunday, leaves
tnderson at 9.20 a. in., for Walhalla,
ith connections at Seneca for local
Nos. 17, 18, 19, and 20 are mixed
rans between Anderson and Belton.
Nos. 7 and 8 are local freight
rains, carrying passengers, between
nderson and Walhalla aind between
(D 0 ~ _
o o = I
Quick! Mtr. Druggist-Quick!-A
box of Bucklen 's Arnica Salve
Here 's a quarter-For the love of
Moses, hurry! Baby's burned him
self, terribly-Johnnie cut his foot
with the axe-Mamie 's scalded-Pa
can 't walk from piles-Billie has'
boils-and my corns ache. She got it
and soon cured all the family. Its
the greatest healer on earth. Sold
by W. E. Pelham & Son, Newberry,
Some good square Pianos from $45 to $75.
Some good used Organs from $25 to $45.
Should the purchasers of these instruments
desire to exchange them in a few years fo~rg
anew piano, we will allow their marke
value as a credit on the new pianos.
Write at once for particulars, as bargain
Malone's Music House,
"The Home of Good Instruments"
COLUM BIA. S"'.
The Road to Sflccess
has many obstructions, but none so
desperate as poor health. Success
today demands health, but Electric
Bitters is the greatest health builder
the world has ever known. It com
pels perfect action of stomach, liver,
kidneys, bowels, purifies and enriches
the blood, and tones and invigorates
the whole system. Vigorous body and
keen brain follow their use. You can't
aord to slight Electric Bitters if
weak, run-down or sickly. Only 50c.
Guaranteed by W. E. Pelham & Son,
Newberry, S. C.
WATER AND LIGHT NOTICE.
The law requires that all bills for
water and lights must be paid be
tween the 1st and 10th of each month,
and if such bills are not paid by the
evening of the 10th, the service will
be discontinued without further no
If a consumer allows this 'cut off,'
and at some future date becomes a
consumer; a penalty of $1.00 will be
charged bnd collected for second of
fence before this service will be given.
This charge being cost of cutting of
We therefore ask that you please
not allow this to run over the 10th;
for it will surely necessitate a dis
continuation of your service.
M. L. Speaman,
Chas. E. Summer,
W. F. Ewart,
Commissioners of Public Works.
For "Fly" Time
YOU'LL FIND OUR
$1.00 Negligee Shirts
I'hey have that deep pointed yoke
that means strength, that generous
cut which means comn ort and are
made with extreme care from ex
lusive metropolitan patterns which
means long and satisfactory service.
Seen Our Straw Rats Yet?
$1.00 to $2.50.
All exeentors, administrators, and
ther fiducaries are urged to make an-1
nual return, upon oath, of the receipts
and expen.ditures of such estate the*
preceding calender year before the
first day of July as required by law.
Frank M. Schumpert,
J. P. N. C.
May 5th, 1909.
o p 9