Newspaper Page Text
The Proper Ca
Address Delivered By Dr.
Moman's, Club, of
When I was asked to talk to von
this afternoon by your most worthy
committee I could not decline so hon
ored an invitation, and on refleetion,
I asked her whether all or. nearly all
the members of the Woman's club
were not married women, as I desir
ed to say something in behalf of the
chil<iren. She replied that all but
two or three were married, and they
desired to be married.
So, kind ladies and mothers, that
determined the subject of these re
marks: The Proper Care of Children.
Dr. Jacobi. an eminent lady physi
cian, of New York, once said, "The
fondest ambition of every woman is
to become a wife. and the fondest am
bition of every wife is to become a
The strongest passion of whicih the
human heart is capable of feeling is
that of love of mother for her off
spring. "A mother is happy, su
premely happy. when worshipping at
the shrine of childhood." And those
of loving hearts and empty arms do
not enjoy this strongest passion of
Father, mother, child-these con
stitute a family, and a family pre
supposes a home. The family and
the -home are the most ancient of hu
man institutions. They have prob
ably decended to us from pre-human
times and -from aneestors who were
not yet men. Without a home it is
impossible for children to be proper
ly brought up, and their characters
and faculties -healthily developed.
There can be no satisfactory con
tradiction to this propositon, yet
when we look around us we find
thousands upon thousands in our own
land who possess nothing of the
semblance of a home. Not only so,
but many are endeavoring to shun tibe
duties of home-life, seeking ithat of
hotels and boarding houses.
In chinese civilization, the most
ancient and stable the world has yet
produced, the hiome and the family
are made .the basis of society. Ev
ery Chinaman belongs to a family,
and has a home in whieth in trouble
or destitution he can take refuge, un
less lhe has by misconduct forfeited
his rights and been expelled from
-his family. It is these outcasts who
form the bulk of Chinese emnizrants,
and the fondest hope and objeet of
these coolies is some day to get back
to their country and be reinstated in
to their families.
It is said we know very little of
the Chinese who stay at home.
It is ther, from the family and the
home that a nation is properly fed
It is in the sphere of quiet homes
--not elsewhere-that woman can
best rule and save the world. What
an awful and sacred responsibility
then is woman 's! No less resposi
ble sihould a father feel, although it
is not his to mould and shape and
prepare. Tihe family then is the unit
of the nation. and as the family or
the children of the family are reared
and trained so will the nation be.
At a recent conference on the care
of dependent children. called at ~the
white house by ex-Pres. Roosevelt,
the preservation intact of family life
en t'e chief point stressed at the
me~et.ing. The report says:
Washington, Jan. 26--Advanced
steps of far-reaching signifieance to
the future well-being of the ehildren
of the country were taken at the con
cluding session today of the confer
enee on the care of the dependent
elrildren, held in this eity. Voicing
the unanimous sentiment of nearly
'200 delegates, the conference adopt
ed a comprehensive report of its con
clusions as to the most practical plan
for promoting the welfare of the neg
One of the most important recomn
iendations contained in the report
whic-h was submitted to President
Roosevelt at a notable dinner by the
-conference at the New Willard re
-quested the president to send a mnes
-aeto cogress, urging the establish
-ment of a children's bureau, one of
whose objects shall be to disseminate
information in regard to eihild-caring
work and the needs of the children.
Br-iefly summarized, the conclu
sions of the conference are as fol
Children of worthy parents should
as a rule, be kept with their parents,
homeless and neglected children, if
normal, should be cared for in famil
ices, when practicable; child-earing in
stitutions should be on the cottage
plan; States should inspect all agen
cies caring for dependent children;
educational work or institutions car
ing for dependent children shaaid b(
supevisd by State educational an
re of Children
J. M. Kibler Before The
Newberry, S. C., on
thorities; agencies caring for child
ren should cooperate to ascertain anc
control causes of dependency; a per
manent organization for work alonc
tie line of this -declaration is desira
ble , prohibitive legislation agains
transfer of dependent children be
tween States should be repealed; co
operation between child-caring agen
eies and more thorough preparation
for surgical and medical care fo
children in all institutions.
The speakers today included A. I
Jamison, of Grenwood, S. C.. super
intendent of Connie Maxwell orphan
age. With the unanimous opinion o
an array of notable charity worker
and others who took part in the dis
cussion that the child can -best b
reared under the influence of th
home and that it should be removei
from the family circle 'only whe:
proper supervision at home has be
come impossible, it also was the con
sensus of opinion .that where povert;
exists in the home State aid shoul
The historic east room of the whit
house was the scene of this notabl
conference. The president spoke i
part as follo.ws:
"There can be no more importar
subject from the standpoint of th
nation than that with wihieh you ai
to deal, because you take cal
of the nation of tomorrow. and it j
ducumbent upon every one of us to d
alr in his or iher power to provide fc
the.interests of these children whoi
cruel misfortune has handicapped 2
the very outset of their lives.''
Notwithstanding this most sacre
home duty of woman, the times no
seem to demand that she get or
from home and be a bread winnE
for the family. A more deplorab
-state of society never existed-bot
for the mother and child.
At a recent meeting of the "F.edel
al Council of the Church of .Christ i
America,'' which fhas for its objec
the bringing together of the Chris
tian bodies of America into unite
-services for Christ and the worli
and in whieh thirty-three denomina
tions were represented, the committe
on the 'church and modern industry
offered among other flhing a resolu
tion, which was adopted, recommend
ing the abolition of child labor, an<
the regulation of the work of wome1
or.al to proteot the physical an<
mrlhealth of communities.
There is a general awakening in th,
nation on the snbject of the preserva
tion of the family circle and th<
proper care of eihildren in their phy
sical, moral and mental development
There is no doubt that the parenta
and filial relations should be pre
served wherever this is possible, and
in the remarks which follow this rela
tion is presupposed. To properly dis
cuss the question of child life i
should be divided into three periods
viz., infancy, the period between in
fancy and school life, and the perio4
of school life. It is. a deplorable fac
that in all civilized countries th
birth-rate is on the decline. This i
~due to the growing reluctance o:
tbose who live in ease and comfor
~o incur the pains and troubles o:
If this be true. it is in the riche
and not in the poorer, classes of sc
ciety that the great diminution o
births is taking place; it is the for
mer, and not -the latter, who are.fail
ing intheprimitive duty of keeping ul
the race. If those by whom our fu
ture citizens are bred are not the ur
fittest part of our people, they are a
least those whose poverty makes ther
the least competent to provide tih
food, the home, and the other condi
tions of life which are necessary ft
children if they are to grow int
strong and healtihy men and worren.
As thre birth-rate dwindles it be
comes more necessary and desirabi
that the community make the bes
of those w$ho are born into the world
When they come into the world th
children of the rich are but litti
better in their bodies than the child
ren of the poor. Hereditary diseas
is equally spread over all classem
Poverty and privation during gesta
non seem to affect the mother mori
than the chiild. If either must starvi
t will be the former as the latte:
will get the lion's share. But fron
the moment of birth deterioratiot
sts in and il'nourishred infants peris]
av the thousands. Many are maime<
t birth on account of the want o1
skilled 'help and are incapable os
growing into 'healthy men and womer
and remain a burden on society thi
whole of their lives.
Medical testimony assures us that
a9 -, er.a cen of ladrn are borm
nat ial Ia et.' it b1)hoovc- the gov
ernme,m to se to it thatt hey be pro
teeted ani !urihed aiil the fearful
death-rate be diminished.
One of the main causes of the large
death-rate among -the poorer classes
of society is due to the fact that so
many mothers have to labor for the
sustenance of their families in fac
turies and work-shops.
Tbis is not so bad in our own State
as in New England, and especially in
the Old World, but manufacturing is T
on such rapid increase in the South- I
land that the question of children
and their proper care has become a
serious one and our lawmakers don't G
seem to realize the fact.
The poor mother neglects her in
fant. often unwillingly, and the new
born is sacrificed for the rest of the O
r family. The same thing is done, how- th
ever, in the higher walks of society hE
by some who have no sacred regard
for the duty of motherhood. "A dr
mother's breast is the infant's birth
f right and suckling a sacred duty."
s These poor, helpless and innoncent
ones are put under the care of others ir
3 -and. in our section generally the ig- V
e norant and careless negro nurse
with artificially prepared food, and 1]
'the chances of their growing and de
veloping and maturing into strong
6hildren are indeed few. Any moth
er in the higher ranks of life who
may deny her infant its natural food
because narsing interferes with the -
e~. claims of "society" and with the N
e pursuit of pleasure is grossly guilty
n 'of criminal neglect and should suf
fer its conseqeuences.
t In a. certain town in England an t,
e interesting experiment was made by
e the new mayor when he went into
e office. He was astonished at the fear
s ful death rate among the infants in
0 his town. He offered a prize of one a]
r pound to the mother of every child
n born during his mayoralty, who pro
i duced it alive and well at the town
hall, one year from his going into of
d flee. A committee of ladies was at
v the same time, formed to visit and
Lt advise the mothers. The first year
,r the death-rate of infants sank from
e 134 to 54 in tihe thousand. How eas
h ily can the cooperation of the rich
and the poor reduce infant mortali
2 No factor is more respor.sible for T
tinfant mortality than that of artifi
- cial feeding. The ignorance preva
d lent on this subject, not confined by er
, any means to the poorest classes is pl
- deplorable. r
e ''A little bit of what we eat our- we
Iselves"' is the commonest expression k~
- Iof those whose infants should have les
- nothing but ihuman milk. A know- Ji
ledg~e of how infants should be prop- G
erly artificially fed should be widely tb
'diffused among the people. Physi- ri
cians, w'hen they are called to see a Ji
Ssick infant and find one that has been po
improperly nourished or not nourish- m
Sed at all, know they have not only the ch
-disease to combat, but the ill effects m~
of ignorance to overcome and correct th
1 if possible. or
W:here is this instruction to begin i re
Som'e say teach ther children of today tic
in our schools who are to become the .
futu-re p.arents the laws of health and ti(
hygiene that they may not be as ig
norant as their parents were. In
some of our schools a little physiolo
gy is read to the pupils but a practi
eand knowledge of the human body
adti.re laws of 'health is never at
tained. I once read of an examina
tion held in a certain Grammag school
on two subjects in the~ same day; m.
viz.. ''English Grammar,'' and ''An- Sc
imal Physiology.'' A girl asked in
the examination todescribe the hu- de
man body, said: "The human body at
consists .of three parts. the head, the
- chest and the 'stummiok.' The head p.
- contains the eyes and the brain (if S(
any). The chest contains the heart,
- lungs and a bit of the liver, and the w
- 'stummick' contains the vowels, m.
t which are a, e,- i, o, and u and some- g
times w and y.''
e A knowledge of the proper care of d
-infants can be 'only effectively spread at
r by the supervision of youn~g c:hildren
in thieir homes, and practical teaching
of young mothers there. Such a sys
- tem would save thousands of lives,
if it cou.ld be established.. Of all f
-auses of infants' deaths. diarrhoea
-is the most frequent, and is the one
e which is most on the increase. An 9
attack of this disease can level t:he fr
- distinction between the strong and to
the weak in a few hours. Its most
-commonly predisposing and exciting P
eause is improper food, and unl.ess fr
improper feeding is promplty stop
ped, deati is almost always certain
'to ensue. e
1But malnutrition and disease do bi~
not always kill. and may leave crip
pled children on society-as a burden . A
- -the rest of their lives. They can- 'i
not earn their living and are a pri
vate or a public care.
It is of little profit to spread 'Ir
amnon'z the p)eople a knowledge of
how infants should be fed, if the tra
right food cannot be obtained. An
IME 10 IUNE UP! t
t Into Your Summer Togs.
If you haven't any except those tj
last summer you will find here k
e kind you'll find nececsary to a
:ep the tone of your personal ap
arance up to that of the best
essed men hereabouts.
Thin Suits, Featherlike A
Weight, Like Iron in
rear, Underwear, Shirts,
[osiery, Neckwear, etc.
Look us over before buying.
OTICE OF FINAL SETTLEMENT
Notice is hereby given that on
ond;y, June 14th, 1909, at eleven
clock a. n.. I will make a final set
ment of the estate of J. Calvin .
eel. deceased, in the probate court
r Newberry county, and immediate
thereafter apply for a discharge
Executor of said estate; and
1 persons holding claims against
id estate are notified to present
ime duly probated to fhe under- I
aned on or before said date.
Samuel P. Crotwell,
Executor of the estate of J.
Calvin Neel, deceased.
May 10, 1909.
>Memphis, Tenn., Via Southern
For accommodation of the Confed
ate Veterans and visitors to Mem.
iis, Tenn., on the occasion of the
union June 8-10, the Southern rail
s.y will operate a special train
iown as the "Veterans Special"''
aving Columbia at 1 p. in., Monday,
me 7th, running via Newberry,
eenwood, Belton and Greenville
ence Atlanta and Birmingham ar
ring Memphis about noon Tuesday, ~
Lne 8th. This special will be corn
sed of first class coaches and Pull
mn sleeping cars and will be in
arge of Brigadier General Zimmer
in Davis and staff accompanied by
a State sponsors and maids of hon
.Southern railway passenger rep
sentatives will give personal atten
Eor further information, apply to
ket agent Southern railway or
W. E. McGee,
T. P. A., Augusta, Ga.
7. L. Meek,
A. G. P. A., Atlanta,
BLE RIDGE SCHEDULES.
No. 18, leaves Anderson at 6.30i a
,for connection at Belton witt
authern fork Greenville.I
No. 12, from Walballa, le:aves Ar
rson at 10.15 a. in., for connection
Belton with Southern Railway for
No. 20. leaves Anderson at 2.20
in., for connections at Belton with
>uthern Railway for Greenville.
No. 8, dail,y except Sunday. fror
'alhalla arrives Anderson 6.24 p.
, with connections at Seneca with
mthern Railway from points south ']
No. 10, from Waihalla, leaves An- t
rson at 4.57 p. in., for connections c
Belton with Southern Railway for' t
reenville and Cglumbia. c
No. 17, arrives at Anderson at 7.50
in.. from Belton with connections
No. 9, arrives at Andersoi, at 12.24
in., from Belton with connections
>m Greenville and Columbia. Goes
No. 19. arrives at Anderson at 3.40
mn., from Belton with connections
No. 11, arrives at Anderson at
!9 p. in., from Belton with con
etions from Greenville and Colum
. Goes to Walhalla.
No. 7, daily except Sunday, leaves
iderson at 9.20 a., in., for Walhalla, ot
th connections at Seneca for local m
nts 's..uth. a'
Kne 17, 18, 19, and 20 are mixed p:
'ns between Anderson and Belton. fi
Kos. 7 and 8 are local freight
ins, carrying passengers, between
derson and Walhalla and between
The Road to Success
2s :nany obstructious, but none so
feperate as poor health. Success
>day demands health, but Electric
itters is the greatest health builder
ie world has ever known. It com
als perfect action of stomach, liver,
idneys, bowels, purifies and enriches
ie blood, and tones and invigorates
ie whole system. Vigorous body and
een brain follow their use. You can't
fford to slight Electric Bitters if
eak, run-down or sickly. Only 50c.
uaranteed by W. E. Pelham & Son,
ewberry, S. C.
Some good square Pianos from $45 to $75
Some good used Organs from $25 to $45
Should the purchasers of these instruments
desire to exchange them in a few years fnr
a new piano, we will allow their market
alue as a credit on the new pianos.
Write at once for particulars. as bargains
Malone's Music House,
"The Home of Good Instruments"
COLUMBIA, S. C.
]HARLESTON & WESTERN CAR
- OLINA BY.
Schedule in efect May 31, 1908.
jv. Newberry(C N & L) 12:56 p.m.
tr. Laurens 2:02 p.m.
v. Laurens (C & W C) 2:35 p.m.
tr. Greenville 4:00 p.m.
v. Laurens 2:32 p.m.
tr. Spartanburg 4:05 p.m.
v. Spartanburg (So. Ry.) 5:00 p.m.
ir. Hendersonville 7-:45 p.m.
tr. Asheville 8:50 p--n.
,v. Laurens (C & W C) 2:32 p.m.
tr Grenwood 3:32 p.1n.
tr. McCor'miek 4:33 p.m.
tr. Augusta 6:15 p.m.
Tri-Weekly PatrIar Car line be
ween Augusta,. and Asheville. Trains
fos. 1 and 2, leave Augusta Tuesdays.
Lhursdays and Saturdays, leave
tsheville Mondays, Wednesdays and
Note: The above arrivals and de
~artures, as well as connections with~
t1 e.r companies, are given as infQr
aation. and are not <rnaranteed.
Gen. Paes. Agt..
~o. T. Bryan,
For "Fly" Time
YOU'LL FIND OUR
1.OO Negligee Shirts
'hey have that deep pointed yoke
at means strength. that generous
ut which means com'~ort and are
iade with extreme care from ex
lusive metropolitan patterns which
1eans long and satisfactory service.
ten Our Straw Hats Yet?
$1.00 to $2.50.
All executors, administrators, and
her fiducaries are urged to make an
al return, upon oat.h, of the receipts
Id e:xpenditures of such estate the
receding calender yea:' before the
rst day of July as required by law.
Frank M. Schumpert,
May 5th, 1909.
m . ;;,