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FARMRS'UNION ON THE2 .18TH.
Many Matters to be Discussed of In
terest to the Farmer and All Oth
ers Who Depend on Him.
Thie State heademer.t~.. ot' th. Far
busy preparing for tile next >tate
C01n1ventiiol, whicli meets in t1h ity
on the 28th instant. State Secretary
Reed informs The State that all the
counties in South Carolina with the
exception of a few will be represent
d at this next, annual meeting of the
tate union. Should all the delegates
'ho have been elected attend, there
ill be at least 175 here at that time.
-hose who come as delegates from
eir respective counties are among
he representative and most intelli
ent farmers of the State.
The convention will have before it
for consideration many matters Of
great interest, not. alone to t'e fa.rm
er but to all others whose prosperity
is bound up with that of the farming
class. It is planned that the sessions
of the convention shall hold for about
t1ree days. The railroads will give
reduced rates, and as the convention
comes off at a time when farming
perations are not so pressing. the
tate officers have reason to expect
ull idelegations from the 3C or more
ounties entitled to representation.
Said Mr. Reed: "The farmers of
South Carolina were never so well
organized as at present. The State
Farmers' union is gaining in strength
and efficiency every day. The farm
ers, more alive to their interests and
needs than ever before, have been
stimulated through the agency of the
Farmers' union to better methods of
farming and to better ways of con
serving their interests. It is this
practical work of the union that is
attracting the attention of the farm
ing class all over the State, the effect
of which has been and is a great in
-rease of membership. Nearly ex ery
kounty in the State has a strong coun
ty union made up of many local un
ions, of which there are about 500
in the State."
* * *O * O * * T * **
* GOOD ROADS DEPARTMENT *
* - -*
* By the Good Roads League. *
** * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
SHas the good roads League a defi
nite, well defined plan for securing
permanent roads in this county? Yes.
Where can this plan be found ? In
a bill prepared by tihe League anid
passed by the Legislature.
Will it take money to get roads?
How does t-he League propose for
the county to get the money.? Bor
How much? $300,000- At what
ate of interest? Not exceeding
1-2 per .eent.
From whom? Wherever it can be
For how long? Forty yea-rs. if
Can the county get $300,000 for
forty years at not exceeding 4 1-2 per
Does this bill provide means for
paying back this borrowed money
nd interest thereon in forty years?
3What annual tax will it take to
lo this'? Two mills on t'he present
If the assessment increases what
*ffect will that have ? It will lessen
the time it will take to pay back the
Will property in the . county con
tinue to increase? Yes.
How much will it cost a man who
s assessed .$1,000? Two dollars.
How long will it ta.ke to build the
roads? Three or four years..
Will $300,000 be borrowed at one
What is the greatest amount can
be borroweld at once ? $50,000.
Can any more b' uorrowed .before
that is spent? No.
Can the notes ot the county &
iven to the lender before the money
is paid over to the commissioners? No.
The~n thiis p)roposition is not like
the railroad bond(s of which we hear
fo much ? No. not at all.
When $50.000 is borrowed what will
e done with it until it is paid out
for work ? It will be deposited in thle
banks of the county?
Will the banks pay interest while
the money is with tlhemn? Yes. 4 per
Why is not this money to be
nlaced with the county treasurer?
Bcause the county ought to7 have in
Would not thle (coun'ty tre ue
i i! n Tret of ie oanks 0I, Ir io
I 1t1 eSt Of tile ctiltters
of Ile county. of course.
if the bill had said nothing about
de.poSitiig this money until used what
w ul are been the effe(t ? Te
M. ztl:4 1i 4jS e v'Oll!111 .iii1
What does all this talk amountr to
about the bill being drawn in Ih( in
ter-est of the banks? Absolutely
lit,1n. as von call see from the
What are t1he liotes which the Coun
ty gives to get this money called?
Bonds. Is that what you mean by
bonds? Yes,. simply that.
Is borrowing money by counties to
build roalds a new thing? No.
Have other counties built roads in
this way? Yes, many of them.
Countie. in agricultural States?
Give a few examples. Take two
states in the South. Texas and Ten
nessee. and two in the Nortih. Indiana
and Ohio. Here is the record for 1904.
Madison County, $500,000; Bradley,
4190.000: Hamblen. $150,000; Camp
bell. $100.000: Marion. $65.000: Mont
gomerv. $160.000: Anderson. $150.000.
Texas: Bexar County. $700.000;
Dallas. $657.000: Hardin. $600,000;
Ohio: Gallia County, $319,000
Athens. $300.000; Crawford. $254,
000; Jackson, $500.000: Mereer, $395,
000; Paulding, $829.000: Van Wert,
$600,000; Wood, $562,000.
Indiana: Adams County, $350,000;
Clav, $493.000; Greene, $48 .000;
Lake, $590,000; Lawrence. $557.000;
Parke, $327.000: Porter. $345,000;
Randolph. $378,000: Sullivan. $844,
000; Vigo. $310,000.
Not only have counties all over the
country issued bonds for roads but
many states have done likewise. For
intance Texas. $3.250.750. Ohio. $6.
205.000, Indiana, $11,.086.900, Ken
tucky, $906.500, Tennessee, $947,000,
Maryland. $5.000.000. New York. $50,
('an an average county like New
berry get roads in any other way? No.
What counties can pay for roads in
cash ? Rich counties with large
cities, although many rich counti:es
Why do you say a county like
Newberry can get permananent roads
in no other way ? We will tell you in
the next issue.
THE NEWS OF EXCELSIOR.
Crops Improving.-Opposed to Bonds
f or Good Roads.-Want Roads
but Don't Want to Pay for
Them. -Mrs. Sease Dead.
Excelsior. July 19.-Excelsior school
opened with good attendance.
The crops generally have made
some improvement since the sun
Miss Mary Wheeler. of Prosperity,
has been visting relatives in this sec
Mr. and Mrs. Holland Miller spent
Thursday with .relatives in t:his sec
Don't forget the barbeeue at Bach
man Chapel church, August 12t:h. Go
and 'enjoy the day and help a good
Our people are opposed to the bond
issue for good roads; they want the
road<~ improved, but think it best for
the people to work the roads and keep
off the extra tax. If our superviso.r
woud just force the roads worked,
we would not need any extra tax. Try
it once, and see.
Mr. Aumierle Singley, a recent
graluate of Newberry college, has
ben elected teacher of the Cross
Roads school nea.r COhapin and opened
his school on Mouday muorning.
We spent Sunday at Little Moun
tan. Glad to see Little Mountain is
rapdly growing into a town. Amongst
other improvements we noticed the
IShealy Brothers are each erecting a
nice residlence and others will soon
Excelsior Sunday school. Mr. J. A.
C. Kibler. sup)erintendlent. elected the
followingti delegates to represent the
Shool at th:e Sunday School Conven
to n, which lholds its session at
Smyna church this week : Mr. .John
F. Wheeler, Mr. Jacob A. Singley and
Mi--s Rosalee Wheeler.
Mrs~ hmes H. Sease. whIo has beeni
cuinto& to her iroom very sick t-he
)at two weeks died Saturday morn
ing. The funeral service and bu-rial
was held on Sunkday afternoon at
Bethlehem chureh, the service being
enducted by her pastor, the Rev. J.
1. Lonir. Mrs. Sease was a good
crist ian woman and will b)e greatly
missed in the hom);e, in theC church and(
n he comnumity. W hiedou
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