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L XLVI'NO. 61 NEWBERRY, 6. . TUES D AY. A UGUST 3. 1909 TWICE
SOUTH CAROLINA is
NOW VERY, VERY DRY
ALL DISPENSARIES CLOSED
Will Remain Closed Until Result of
Elections in Wet Counties Is
Columbia, August 2.-At the close
of business this afternoon-just the
moment the sun sinks to rest-the
dispensaries in the- twenty-one wet
counties of South Carolina will close
down and will remain closed for one
month or longer. In twenty-one
counties to-day the sales of whiskey
and beer will be larger than in any
one day since the dispensary counties
were big, as many wished to lay by a
supply of whiskey for the dry period.
The dispensaries, as has been already
announced. will remain closed until
the result of the election has been de
elared. the election to be held on Au
TRAIN MANGLES FARMER.
William Lawson Killed by Engine.
Buggy Smashed to Pieces.
Union, July 31.-A shocking acci
dent occured in the northern part of
the city this afternoon when the train
from Lockhart ran into and instantly
killed and decapitated William Law
son, familiarly known everywhere as
"Sugar Bill," a substantial farmer
of the West Springs section in Bo
TET LOSE LIVES.
Sixty Others Injured on Electric
Roads.-Two Trains Crash To
Spokane, Wash., July 31.-Ten per
sons were killed and at least 60 were
injured in a head-on collision of two
electric trains at Caldwell, Wash., on
the Spokane & Island railway late
FALLING GUN KTLS CHILD.
Little Daughter of Darlingtonl Man
Meets Sad End.
Darlington. July 30.-The children
Sof Mr. Watson Baker, while playing
with a watermelon, rolling it around
the room, rolled it against a gun that
was standing in a corner of the room,
causing the gun to fall and be dis
charged. TPhe load entered the breast
f the four-year-old daughter of Mr.
Baker. killing her instantly. Coroner
R. G. Parnell viewed the remains, but
decided an inquest was not necessary.
To the Democratic Voters of the City
of Newberry, S. C.:
In response to the inquiry from
many of you I beg to state that at the
proper time I shall announce myself
as a candidate for the office of Mayor
for the yea.r 1910 and shall request
the City executive committee to ar
range thiree meetings to be addressed
by the various candidates, one in
front of the old eourt house, one at
or near the Mollohon mill and one at
tthe Park in West End so that the
people can be informed of the plat
forms and positions of the candidates
upon the various questions that may
he brought up for discussion. In case
such request 'is not granted, then I
shall publish my ideas as to the im
provements ne!iled and my ideas of,
municipal government and shall also
stand ready to address such meetings
as may be arranged for such purposes.
V ery respectfully,.
Cole L. Blease.
August 9, 1909.
Trymng to Get Near It.
Hw much do you think a 'house
uch as 'osu have planned for us will
ost '' asked the prospective builder.
A s voa will see by examining the
simate I have furnished,'' replied
th architect. "the amount is placed
a es, I know that is your estimate,
wat is your private opimni?
MEXIGO SiIKEN BY
CHILPANCINGO DESTROYED, AC
N APULCO PARTLY RAZED.
Shocks Extend Over 1,000 Square
Miles.-Loss of Life Not Defin
Mexico City. July 30.-With Cli
pancingo destroyed and Acapulco
partly razed and the loss of life pro
blematical, Central Mexico from the
Atlantic to the Pacific and from Quer
anto on the north to Oaxaca on the
south, an area of more than one thous
and squa.re miles, was -4haken- at an
early hour to-day by a series of the
most severe earth shocks felt in the
region for the last quarter of a cen
fhe lquake was severe in Mexico
City. but not prolific in destruction.
'Reports telling of the loss of life
are meagre, but the official figures
thus far given show fourteen killed
-and more than a score mortally injur
While word comes from G. Poyros,
an American commercial traveller at
Chilpancingo. Guerrero. that that city
was destroyed and the inihabitants are
living in the open. suffering from the
elements, the loss of life is not defi
nitelv known. The shocks continue at
Chilpancinzo tonight, with subterran
ean rumblings and flashes of light
ning, rain and hail.
Aepulco. Guerrero was partly raz
ed. but the extent of the damage i
not known, as communication with
that part of the Republic is not well
According to observatory records,
the first shock was at 4.15 this morn
ing, the oscillation being from east to
southwest. It was severe, causing the
bells of many cathedrals in Mexico
City to toll, breaking crockery and in
some instances leveling walls. The
inhabitants of the capital had hardly
recovered from the fright of t,he quake
when a second and more severe shock
caused an outpouring of nearly all
the residents to the streets and open
This movement was of a twisting
charactar. and lasted with severity for
ninety seconds. Tall buildings swayed
and in some instances cracked, the
pavement opened in places and in the
poorer quarters a number of houses
So far as can be learned, six lost
their lives in Mexico City and en
virons in this second shock. Two men
of the lowwer class, the othbers being
three women and a child. Four now
in hospitals caxnnot recover it is said.
After the second shock no one ven
tured indoors again until daybreak.
The large American colony escaped
unsathed. They, with the entire na
tive population, .remained in the pla
zas or squares until daylight gave
them courage to enter their dwellings.
Aztec Legend Foretold Disaster.
The pecohs were terribly frightened.
For days these humble folk have been
predicting a disaster, because the
snow on the peak of the volcano Pop
oatapelt, visible from here, has been
melting. An old Aztec legend declares
phat when- the snows on tihis volcano
disapear, so will the city at its base.
Whereas, God in his all wise prov
idence has seen fit to remove from our
Society our sister and co-worker, Miss
Mary Boozer. Her aspirations along
the higher lines of a true Christian
Resolved first. That the Missionary
Society of Lebanon has lost one of,
her best members. She was ever un
tiring in her efforts to the upbuilding
of this cause and w'aile on her bed of
affliction, we feel sure her prayers
would go up in behalf of our Society.
But, while we loved her he.re, God
loved her best.
Second, That w,e extend to the fain
ily our sympathy in their bereave
ment and commend them to the "one
'that doeth all things well."
Third, That a copy of these resolu
tions be published in the county pa
pers and one be sent to the family.
Mrs. Nora Cromer.
Mrs. Mattie Sligh.
Mrs. Eliza Wendt,
THE GLUTTONOUS GOAT.
Ability to Eat Many Things Makes
Him Dear to Uncle Sam's
The goat has never been a social
fav,orite. In days gone by it was pre
sented with the assorted sins of the
community and assisted to hit the
long trail. More recently tin cans
have been its titbits and the joke col
umn its hall of fame.
At last, however, it is being taken
seriously. On the western national
forests the goat has been set to eat
ing wide swaths through trackless
thickets, which munched off paths are
to act as roads and fire breaks. Far
ther east the capacity of the goat to
eat is being utilizeid for the clearing
of brush land. In each case, says the
World recently, the despised creature
is doing better work in its line than
can man with all his ingen-u;'y.
A goat will eat with the sole idea
of consuming quantity and with an
indifference that is absolute as to
what manner of thing it devours.
From clover to sagebrush and from
parsnips to tree tops it is all one wit%h
Armed with this capacity to eat a
flock of 3,.000 goats may be huddled
together and kid through a chaparral
thicket such as skirt the forests. The
men in charge hold back the flock as
it advances that it may have time to
make its task complete. Its errant
appetite wanders from dry leaves on
the ground to the rank weeds growing
in moist places and the dense branches
of the chaparral.
As the abundance is exhausted the
sweep is made cleaner. The leaves
and the larger limbs of the chapa-rral
are attacked. T.he goat stands on its
hind legs and reaches for its food, it
gets astride the branches and rides
them down, -eating as it goes.
Finally it falls on the bark of the
larger bushes and eats their bodies
bare. There is no vestige of life left
in its track. The firebreak is as clean
as a ball-room floor.
The usefulness of the goat as a co
laborer with man by no means stops
here. There are millions of acres of
land in many of the Ltates that are
overrun with brush. Tne tendency 's
always to revert to that condition
even after the clearing is once made.
Rank weeds, sunflowers. eockleburs
and such :have spoiled for cultivation
millions of acres elsewhere. The
chaparral is smothering~ out all other
vegetation in such sect-ions as west
Texas, where originally prairies un
wound themselves for hundrelds of
miles and were kept clean by oft re
curring prairie fires.
For all such the goat is found to be
the savior. These lands would re
quire from $12 to $20 to clear were
men to do the work. The.goat will
do it for nothing. In fact it will per
form the task and in the meantime
yield an abundant fleece, produce pal
atable goat "venison'' and furnish a
gade of milk that entirely outrar..
that of the cow.
The goat is today actually harness
eid to the task of eating up oak brush
tields in Iowa, broom sedge wastes in
Virginia, cocklebur patches in
Louisiana, sunflowers in Kansas. sage
brush in Nevada, lantana in Hawaii,
chaparral and an unlimited miscel
It is the Angora goat, the aristo
crat of all the tribe that is doing the
work. This because of the existence
of great herds maintained for their
wool before the new duties were laid
down, and because there are more
profitable by-products in these than
in other varieties.
These great herds are in t:hie west
particularly in New Mexico. They are
beoming migratory under the call of
their new usefulness. As they go
about seeking what they may devour
they will continue to give up the fleece
that makes such dress goods as mo
hair, such commercially valuable ma
terial as the plush that covers the
seats in all railway trains and such
qua.intly amusing articles as the wigs
with which the members of the theat
rical profession are wont to make
sport.-New York Sun.
Stranger (entering elevator)-Six
Elevator Boy-Yes, sir. Floor or
ofie -.oston Transcipt.
'Bond Issue Dj
LARGE CROWD AT 'CUE
AT ST. PUL'S CHURCH
A SHORT TALK BY THE REV. J.
[r. C. L. Blease Attacked Bond Is
sue and the Bill and Prof. W. K.
(By John K. Aull.)
It has been the history of great
movements, almost without exception,
that they are in their inception and
until they are. well under way oppos
ed by the gret majority of the people
whom. they will most directly and
most largely benefit.
'Ihe movement now on for good
oads in Newberry county is no excep
tion to the general rule.
One who drives from here to St.
Paul's church, in No. 10 township,
taking the left hand or Jolly Street
road at Jno. C. Neel's place, and go
ing on down by T. J. Wilson's place
the direct road-if he is in favor of
the bond issue before he leaves New
berry, is apt, before 'he reaches St.
Paul's, to be willing to go the bond
issue people one better and be -will
ing to advocate the purchase'of some
air ships and the establshmient of a
trunk line, as soon as the Wright
Brothers have their aeroplanes per
fected. The roads could hardly be
worse. And yet the people gathered
at St. Paul's on Friday, who had
traveled these roads, and who must
travel them every day, were-the
great majority of them-opposed to
the bond issue for the building of
roads in Newberry county. And. this
in face of the fact that the one-mill
tax for roads in Newberry county,
which will be collected if the bonds
are not voted, will bring in for No.
10 only $274, while, if the bonds
should be voted No. 10, wit-h -only a
two-mill tax, would get its share of
the more than one-third of the total
of the bonds which No. 1 township
alone would pay, on the present as
sessed value of property, to say noth
ing of the additional amount which
will come from No. 1 when the new
$20,000 mill soon to be erected is
completed, and from other increases
in taxables values which are sure to
It is one of the greatest opportuni
ties which Newberry county has ever
faced, and yet Newberry county at
this time seems disposed to pass it
by. It is the greatest opportunity,
along material lines, which No. 10
township has ever faced. With an
assessed valuation of only $274,000
the two-mill tax which would be lev
ied to retire the bonds would amount
to only $348 in the whole of No. 10
township. Collected annually and ap
plied as collected, this wou-ld not start
the work which is necessary to be
done on the roads in No. 10. With the
bond issue by the county, Newberry
county can be made a net-work of
permanent roads, reaching No. -10 and
every other township in t.he county.
Yet, st range to s;ay, it is an oppor
tunity which No. 10 is going to do its
part towards turning down,, unless the
sentiment of the people was changed
after the addresses at St. Paul's on
Friday, or changes between now and
the time for tih-e election.
It is gratifying that the people of
that section are in favor of good
roads. But they seem afraid of the
bond issue. -In reply to Mr. Blease's
argument on Friday, Prof. W. K.
Sligh explained clearly and in detail
the bill under which the election will
be held, and he distributed a number
of printed copies of the bill. It is to
be hoped tihat the people will read the
bill thoroughly for t-hemselves.
While the people at the 'cue on Fri
day were, as a general rule, in favor
of good roads, there were a few excep
tions even to this. There were one
or two who thought the roads they had
Fwere good enough. This is probably
because they believe, inasmuch as the
American Indians got along without
any roads at all for hundreds of years,,
and civilized man has got along in
certain sections of this country with
practically no roads ever since, t'hat
hey can continue to geet along as their
.ase and Sligh
fathers did before them.
This is not the sentiment of the
community, however. It is only one
or two extreme cases. The fact is,
if some efficient work of some kind is
not soon done on some of the roads
in the lower part of the county, there
will not be any roads at all.
Ten years from today many of
those, even in No. 10. who are most
violently opposed to a bond issue, will
be its warmest advocates. -The good
roads movement has come, and it has
come to stay, and it is growing day
by day. With a bond issue as the only
feasible plan, the bond issue is bound
T,here were two addresses at the
'cua at St. Paul's on Friday, one by
Hon. Cole. L. Blease agAinst the bond
issue, and one by Prof. W. K. Sligh
in favor of the bond issue. The speak'
ers were introduced by tha Rev. J. A.
Sligh. who made a short talk in favor
of good roads, saying that he had not
yet made ip his mind as to how he
would vote, and that .he would do so
only after mature deliberation.
Mr. Blease delivered a broadside
against the good roads bill. Mr. Sligh
.replied to him, giving the history of
the movement which had brought
about the passage of the bill. There
were between three hundred and three
hundrd and fifty people at the 'cue,
.and a large audience heard the speak
ers and grave'them close attention.
,Considerable space is given to the
addresses in this issue of The Herald
and News, for the reason that Mr.
Blease's speech was along the lines
which he has taken in the newspapers,
and gives his 'position in full, and
P.rof. Sligh's speech was a reply to
Mr. Blease, and the whole fight
against the. bill, and the reply of the
bond advocates is thus brought before
the people of the county, giving them
the opportunity to judge for them
Mr. Blease stated that unless he is
brought into the discussion by an at
tack upon his articles in the newspa
pers or ais address at St. Paul's, that
he will not further discuss the matter,
believing that his position has been
fully set fortih.
The writer, in company with Mr.
Blease, drove to St. Paul's via the Po
maria road, as it is called, turning to
the left at Neel's, and going oti down
by Jolly Street. The road is bad near
ly all the way. It is as bad as it could
well be in places-.-in faet, if it were
any worse, it weild be-well nigh im
passable. There are h'les which al
most shake a buggy to pieces. The
bridge over Timmerman 's creek has
swayed on its foundations until it
looks, unsafe to drive a light buggy
over. The bridge over Curls' creek,
further on, is a good bridge, but im
mediately beyond the bridge the road
is covered with water and a little fur
thr on there is a place in the road
where there is a sheer drop which is
calculated to wreck any vehicle un
less the driver is very careful. The
grades are steep and bad, and the
roads are a succession of bad holes.
Coming back the road via Prosper
itv was taken. This road is fairly
od most of the way to Prosperity
by far better than the other road.
From Prosperity to Ne vberry the con
dition of the roa'd is well known. It
mav- be remarked, however, that the
mile of road recently built by Mr.
Toms, the government expert, is by
far the best part of it. This road is
now getting packed, and is hard and
firm. Mr. Toms stated that it would
take some months for it to pack, on
account of the fact that the county
had not gone to the expense of using
a steam roller on it when it was com
pleted. It is~a fine road now, and will
be better when it is thoroughly pack
ed. But it is already an object lesson
inroad building in Newber'ry county.
There were in the neighborhood of
three hurndred or three hund.red and
fifty people at the 'eu at St. Paul's
The e.rops are remarkably good along
the whole route, both, along the Po
maria road and along the Prosperity
road. Occasionally therj is a field,
wihich is very backward, but as a
whole the crops in this- section will
compare favorably with those any
were else in the State at this time.
The speakers were introduced im
mediately after dinner by the Rev. J.
A. Sligh, and they were given good
The Rev. J. A. Sligh.
The Rev. J. A. Sligh, in introduc
ing the speakers, spoke of the press
ing necessity for better roads, and of
the heavy md tax which the farmers
are paying, saying that this mud tax
was the heaviest tax which they were
now laboring under. So, he said, all
were in favor of good roads, and the
question was the best method of get
ting them. Some said levy an annual
tax and some said vote bonds. It was
an important question and it was to
be discussed here this afternoon, with
the people as the judges. He hoped
that no,prejudice nor any politics
would enter into the discussion, and
that tbe people would not jump at
hasty conclusions, but would make up
their minds after thoroughly study
ing the question. He was very mueh
against the bonds at first, he said, but
he had been studying the question
since, and had found that there was
merit in what was being said on both
sides of the question, and -he was now
at a loss to know how to vote. He
had said he would vote against the
bonds, but in that he had done him
self an injustice, bceause it was not
an intelligent decision. He- did not
now know how he was going to vote,
but was going to make up his mind
after weighing the matter aud care
fully considering it from every stand
point, and then he was going to vote,
as he ihoped all the people would vote,
for what he considered the best inter
ests of the whole county. Mr. Sligh
said he had been very mueh impress
ed with the remark made by a small
farmer to him recently. The farmer
had told him that he was going .to vote
for the bond issue, because it was the
first opportunit, he had ever seen for
the small farmer, who pays little tax
es, to get. something for nothing.
"You and I," said Mr. Sligh, ''will
pay very little, and yet the people in
the country are the ones who use the
roads most." Mr. Sligh said he was
opposed to a two-mill annual tax, be
cause it wouldn't amount to anything,
bringing in only a few hundred dol
lars. to be frittered away.
Mr. Sligh said that he was, of
course, in favor of enforcing the pres
ent law while the present law remained.
To go on as the county was going
on at present, said Mr. Sligh, was sui
idal. Afte.r awhile we would have
no roads at all..
-Mr. Sligh said he was going to lis
ten carefully to the speeches and read
what was written by botih sides on the
question, and then make up his mind
after carefully considering it.
He introduced as the first speaker,
Hon. Cole. L. Blease.
Mr. Blease paid a very pretty tni
bute to the Rev. Mr. Sligh, telling of
when, as a boy, he first knew Mr.
Sligh as a friend of his father's, and
how Mr. Sligh 's political campaigns
and services to 'his county had first
inspired Mr. Blease with political as
pirations. He said that Newberry
county owed more to Mr. Sligh than
to any other man in it. It owed him,
he said, freedoin of a fair discussion
of all questions. Mr. Sligh had .rais
ed his voice for government by the
people six years before the great Re
former was ever heard of. Mr. Sligh,
.be said, was the first man in South
Carolina who had ever raised his voice
in the halls of legislation for the high
er education of women in a separate
college for them, and while Tillman
was the father of Winthrop, it never
theless was the direct result of Mr.
Sligh 's efforts before Tillman took.
hold of the movement. He hoped the
day would come wh-en some man would
write the true history of Mr. Sligh 's.
life, and when it was written it would
compare favorably, not only for .his
services to this county but to the
State of South Carolina, with that of
any other man who had ever lived
within her borders.
Mr. Blease said he had been drawn
into this roads discussion because 'he
in the newspapers had asked certain
questions of the commission on differ
ent occasions, which questions he
thought fair, and his questions had
been ignored. When they were ignor
ed, hae said,he determined that the peo
ple should be informed of the county's
financial condition, and then if they
wanted to vot-e the bonds it would be
all right. He said he .bad no axe to
grind, because he paid only the tax on