Newspaper Page Text
tors and oth
R. D. SMITH.
NEWBERRY GRADED SCHOOL.
Report of Trustees Covering Bond Is
sue, Indebtedness, Enrolment.
The citizens' meeting to hear the re
port of the trustees of the Newberry
graded ehool was held in the new
court 'house on Friday morning.
Mr. George S. Mower was elected
ehairman of the meeting and Mr. A.
C. Jones secretary.
Mr. F. N. Martin as chairman of I
the board of trustees submitted the
following as their report:
To the Citizens of Newbery School'
District: Pursuant to the Act pre
scribing and regulating the duties a
trustees we have the honor to su'.miti
herewith our report for the scholastic
This report is submitted it only to
give an account of our stewardship
but also to give those fundamental
facts upon which your matarc judg
ment might act. We are here assem
bled for the best intere.z of our
schools and would welco.ue an-. re(e
comendations or suggesto:'s nit- in
your wisdom you might make for the
general betterment of the schools.
In the year 1889 the citizens of this
city, prompted by a desire to furtiher
the educational interest of the people;
established our system of publie
schools and, provided ample facilities
for the execution of these purposes.
These schools have done excellent
work and largely fulfilled the purposes
for which they were esalse.How
ever, new conditions had arisen since
their establishment and t'he trustees
felt that our educational system was
not keeping pace with the growth of!
the city nor meeting the general de
mands and requirements of the times.
While no educational system can be
fixed with a definite degree of finality,
still it must be expected to advance
from time to time as t'he actual con
ditions require. Accordingly in our
last annual report we recommended
that our school facilities be enlarged
to meet these conditions and require
ments. This recommendation met with
enthusiastic approval of the citizens'
meeting. The chairman of the citi
zens' meeting was then authorized to
appoint a committee of the citizens
to cooperate with the board of trus
tees in devising plans for the execu-j
tion of these purposes. T'he school
board, and I ie committee consisting
of Messrs. George S. Mower, 0. B.
Mayer, John M. Kinard, George B.l
Cromer.. and W. K. Sligh, after care
fadly reviewing the conditions and
purposes drafted a bill whiech was en
a.ted into law authorizing a vote up
on a bond issue of $40,000 and in
creasing the special levy by two mills.I
The bonds voted on March 24 werel
sold June 29 to the Carolina Security
Co., of Spartanburg, at par less $800
for expenses, rate 4 1-2 per c'ent.
Mr. F. N. Martin, Chairman Board
Trustees Newberry School District,
Newberry, S. C., Dear Sir: When lkg
ally issued we offer to take $40,000:
Newberry school district, S. C., 4 1-2
per cent. bonds, dated July 1st, 1909,
due July 1st, 1949, denomination $1,
Principal and interest payable at
some bank in New York City and pay
o par and accrued interest, provid -
ed we are allowed $800 to pay at
tornevs fees, bond blhnks and our
commission: you to fu.rnish us in cer
tified form al! necessary papers to es
tablish legality. We hand you here
with cashier's check No. 4504 of t'he
First National bank, of Spartanburg,
S. C., for one thousand dollars as an
evidence of good faith.
Security Trust Company,
per W. S. Glenn, Pres.
You are directly interested in the
rress. methods. and plans for theI
execution of the aforesaid purposes.
We deem this the main purport of this
For your information we beg to
snbmit the following: The property'
knon a the Pope property contain
)NAL BANK CF NEW
iis institution has stead
er customers. Invaria
she stands as firm as
ing 2.81 acres has been purelhased at
a cost of $12,500.00. Tihis property
will be remodeled per the plans of
our arehitects. This building which
will contain five class rooms, will
be made up to date in all points of
comfort and convenience. This build
ing surrounded by beautiful grounds
is located in one of the very best res
idence portions of our city and when
remodeled will presen. nat imQ$mmf
rmodeted will present an imposing ap
pearance thus conforming to all aes
thetic requirements. Here will be our
high school department under the su
pervision of a male principal. Prof.
H. L. Dean, assisted by Misses Lucile
Wilson and Marion Williamson.
While the quality. of work of our
schools 'has been high and the ex
excellent. records of our pupils in col
leges show the high value of tra-L.ing
received here yet we hope Jy stricter
and more exact grading, broader cur
riculum to bring our sechools to a
higher degree of efficiency and to this
end we have elected one more teacher
for the High School. Our people un
like t'hose of foreign countries do not
cordingly the Public Highetaoininyshe
cordingly the public high school of
today has within its wall pupils from
homes representing every walk of
life-the child of tihe rich, of the
poor, the educated, and uneducatedi
meet .here on a common plane. Some
will leave the high school for the
lassical college, some for the techni
al school, some for the various walks
of life. The public high se-hool has
therefore for its function the fitting
of its pupils for vocational life, for
good citizenship and for more ad
vanced study. To meet these require
ments w~e have established a separate
high sehool and hope to have the
curriculum sufficiently broad to meet
all demands. No factor is more im
portant in general progress of a free
country than t-hat of public education
and t'o the general intelligence is
largely due thre wonderful achieve
ments in industrial and commercial
enterprises. We, therefore, do not
count our high school plan an unwise
The heating, ventilating and gen
eral condition of the Boundary school
is in the hands of our architects.
A new graded school building will
be erected on lot recently purchased.
The detailed plans of our architects
are not yet in hand, consequently we
cannot give an accurate estimate of
This will give us three buildings
for school purposes. Two for the pri
mary and gramma1r school depart
ments and one for the high' school.
This according to the experience and
wisdom of t-hose most conversant with
school affairs is the ideal one.
The Hoge school justly demands
our attention and this building will
be made comfortable, convenient and
ample fo.r school demands of our col
Ample school facilities, a well ar
ranged curriculum, competeiit and ex
perienced instructors are the three es
sential requisistes of a good system of
schools. By your generosity these
have been made possible. Confidently
do we believe that the abovementioned
plans will give the first. The increase
of salary enabled us to secure the ser
vices of none but those who are
graduates of approved institutes of
higher education and who had 'had
sucessful records in their profession.
For your more definite information
we append hereto the following sta
Total enrollment in school:
White, 689: Negro, 487; Total 1,176.
Number of pupils to teacher:
White, 49; colored, 97.
White, 605; colored, 405.
We have increased the number of
taers in the white schools from
eleven to fifteen which will give an
av~rage of about 40 pupipl.' to the
Jthn L. Epps, County Treasurer, in
acout it Gedn School Sinking
iat a Recommen
BERRY has this particu
ily grown with the grow1
bly it has taken care o
the Rock of Gibraltar.
\G OF YOUR FUNDS.
July 27, To balance........$ 8741 71
T I mill levy............ 2346 60
To int. Jan. 1st, '09........ 175 34
To int. July 1st, '09....... 178 34
Pd. int. on bonds $ 978 00
Cash bal. on hand 10463 99
$11441 99 $11441 99
July 27, 1909.
(Signed) Jno. L. Epps,
Sehool Bonds outstanding 12,900 00
Cash on hand 10,463 99
John L. Epps, County Treasurer, in
account with Newberry Graded
July 27, to amt. forward
from 1908...............$ 716 13
To amt. forward 3 mill tax.. 3133 00
To amt. forward 2 mill spec.
Tax. ............. ...... 4431 98
To atm. forward polls...... 653 00
To amt. forward dogs....... 51 00
Amt. pd. warrants $8977 43
Bal. cash on hand 9 68
$8987 11 $8987 11
July 27, 1909.
John L. Epps,
Report of Treasurer of Board of Trus
tees of Newberry Graded Schiool,
for thle Year 1908-09.
Tuition collected by W. A.
Stuckey..............$ 417 39
Rent collected by J. H.
Wicker................. 12 00
.$ 429 39
Amt. pd. out by J. H. Wicker 424 84
$ 4 55
This is a true account of this state
ment. . J. H. Wicker.
Treasurer of Board.
Total paid to teaehers for
1908-09.............$ 6952 50
Total paid to t-eachers for
White School.......... 5580 00
Total paid to teachers for
~Colored School......... 1372 50
Total to be paid to teac'hers
for year 1909-10.....$ 10270 00
Total to be paid to teachers
of White School........ 8790 00
Total to be paid to teachers
of Colored School.......1485 00
F. N. Martin.
W. A. MeSwain.
The Despised Nut Yields a $12,000,000
.The possibilities of the peanut as a
wealth prod.ucer seem not to have
been realized until lately. And even
now, notwithstanding an immense in
rease in the acreage devoted to the
rop, they are being incompletely
utilized so that the department of ag
riulture is about to issue a special
bulletin calling attention, to the
chances for making money by raising
A very striking feature of the doe
ument in question is the showing it
makes of the many new uses to
which peanuts are being put nowa
'days. They form an important in
gredient in the veetarian '"meats'"
which are much,more widely consum
ed than most people imagine. Some
of these "meats" by the way, are
madle to imitate breaded lamb chobs
with sticks of maca-roni for bones.
Penuts are employed largely in t:he
confectionery trade and~ enter into
jthe composition of many fancy cakes.
such as macaroons, as a substitute for
.alm ods. Pean ut butter (likewise
muh affected by the vegetariani) is
n nufacturc'd by the ton. i d put up
for automoies inehe.!aP(
Nowr that the ntifruius blU w
dation It Is for a
larly strong claim on thE
,h of Newberry. It has C
f their needs, even in ti
We solicit your busin<
.il is ruining the cotton over such
wide areas in tha south many planters
are turning their attention to peanuts
as a money crop. Although $12,000,
000 worth of "goobers" were raised
is still not nearly equal to the demand
in this country last year the supplyl
-a condition sufficiently proved by
the fact that we are importing great
quantities of peanut oil from Eu.rope.
This, too, although there are tens of
thousands of acres of waste lands in
the southern states which are only
waiting to be tickled with a hoe in
proper manner in order to yield
enough peanuts to furnish all the oil
we want plus a liberal supply for ex
America gave to mankind the to
bacco plant, the potato and Indian
corn. It seems also, according to bot
anists, to have contributed the peanut,
which appears to have come originally
from the tropies of th-e new world. It
was introduced into our own country
in early colonial days, but did not
become of commerc.ial importance un
til aboute 1870. From that time on
utilization of the nut gradually in
creased, but during the last-ten years
it has risen by leaps and bounds. I
Most persons t'hink of peanuts as!
they appear on fruit stands or in the
little wagon of peripatetic venders,
but as a matter of fact they are dis
posed of in a great variety of ways
and for many other purposes.
The blanching p.rocess is applied
onl~y to the finest grades of peanuts,
which after being shelled are roasted.
It is next requisite to deprive the ker
nels of their thin brown skins, after
which the :halves are broken apart,
he tiny germs are removed by a ma
chine specially constructed for the
purpose, and the peas are put up in
attractive packages for market. Pea
nut meal, made from such blanched
peas, finely ground, is particularly es
teemed for the manufacture of al
mond macaroons and other small
With a little experience and the aid
of a small meat grinder anybody can
make good peanut butter for home
use. As for peanut candy, a very de
sirable kind can be made by simply
boiling shelled peanuts with a t:bick
syrup consisting of two pounds of
granulated sugar and one large cupful
of water, together with a teaspoonful
of lemon juice. When the syrup be
gins to boil add two pounds of un
roasted peanuts and cook slowly un
til the peas are tender and the syrup
sufficiently hard to break when cold.
The cooking process should continue
for about an bour, when the mixture
may be poured out on buttered plat
ters to cool.
The cultivation of peanuts was un
til recently confined almost wholly to
areas in Virginia, Tennessee, theCaro
linas and Georgia, but during the last
ten years has spread throughout the
south Atlantic states, and even as far
west as California. Properly speak
ing, the fruit is a pea rather than a
nut. The plant, however, has the pe
uliarity of ripening its fruit or nut
beneath the surface of the soil. When
the small yellow blossom fades qnd
falls the stem that supported it elon
gates and thrusts the sharp pointed
ovary downward into the ground,
where the pod1 develops.
Potato dig~ging machines are usuall
lv employed nowadays for loosening
the peanut vines from the soil when
the pods are rine. T:Ien the vines are
placed in small staciks. heaped up
about a central stake to cure. As a
rule the picking of the pods is done by
women and children, who get about 10
cents a bushel for their work. An
expert picker can handle from eight
to twelve bushels a day. Machines,
however, are now coming into use for
From the fields t:he peanuts so to
the ''factory'' where they are elenned
and separated into grades. In addi
1:. the bet ones arc treated to a
pl'ihing pr1ocess which render~s their
)nn'arance mfore' att ractive. A mod
Bank to have transacte
If a century atthe sam
confidence of the busi
dways kept faith with
mes of finantial storm
.ss and in return we pr
. C. MATTHEWw
Charleston & Westi
Spring and Mountain Resoris
For Rates, Etc., call on Ticket A
four or five stories, supplied with
power, lighted with electricity and
provided with elevators and bins for
handling and storing the uncleaned
When the, peanuts are received at
the factory they are first weighed and
hen elevated to the top floor of the
building. During t'he cleaning and
rading process they d'escend by grav
itation through fans and graders (to.
classify them according to size,) are
gitated in the polishing 'drums to
geter with a small quantity of ma.r
ble dust to whiten and polish them,!
nd finally are passed on slowly mov
ing belts between lines of women, who
ik out and remove all refuse and
ffhe peanut vine or straw from*
vhich the nuts have been removed is
f considerable value for the feeding
of live stock. The ash from the shells
used in t.h.e factory as fuel is valuable
as a fertilizer, containing as much as
3 per cent. of phosphoric acid, 9 per
ent. of potash and 6 p'er cent. of lime.
The thin brown envelopes of the peas
have a feeding value almost equal to
that of wheat bran. It is an interest
ing fact, by th'e way, t hat the famous
Smithfield hams and bacon come from
hogs that are partially fed on peanuts,
the practice being to turn the animals
into the peanut fields after t-he crop
has been gathered, allowing them to
glean the pods that were lost in har
The peanut plant, like the bean and
the garden pea, has the power of col
lecting nitrogen from the atmosphere
and storing it in little nodules upon
its roots. For this reason it is one of
the most desirable of soil renovating
and soil improving plants. It is neces
sary, diowever, wit>h a view to this
end that the main portion of the root
shall be left in the ground. If this be
done the nitrogen accumulated in a
season by the means described, will
have a fertilizing value of $3 or $4 an
Peanuts give an average yield of 34
bushels to the acre, but it is believed
by government experts that the out
put can be increased to 50 or even 60
bushels by selecting superior seca
from season to season. There are ree
ord's of yields of 160 bushels of small
podded peanuts to the acre, with two
tons of forage, which latter alone will
pay the cost of production.
The Usual Way.
"What did you enjoy most during
"Thinking about what a good time
[ was going to have when I got
home.' '-Washington Star.
Washington Once Gave Up.
to three doctors; was kept in bed for
ie weeks. Blood poison from a spid
er's bite caused large, deep sores to
over his leg. The doctors failed, then
'Bucklen 's Arnica Salve completely
mured me.'' w.r'ites .Johni Washington
f Bosqueville. Tex. For eczema, boils,
burns and piles it 's spreme. 25e. at
U U ,
irn Carolina Railway
in Nolh and South Carolina.
gents or address
Gen. Pass. Agt.,
THEY INJURE CHILDREN.
Ordinary Catharties and Pills and
Harsh Physic Cause Distressing
You cannot be over-careful in the
selection of medicine for children.
Only tihe very gentlest bowel medicine
should ever be given. Ordinary pills,
athartics and purgativs are too apt
to do more hrarm than good. They
cause griping, nausea and other dis
tressing after-effects that are fre
quently 'health destroying and a life
We personally recommend and
guarantee Rexall Orderlies -as the
safest and most dependable remedy
for constipation and associate bowel
disorders. We have such absolute
faith in the supreme virtues of this
remedy that we sell it on our guaran
tee of money back in every instance
where it fails to give entire satisfac
tion, and we urge all in need of such
medicine to try it at our risk.
Rexall Orderlies contai.n an entire
ly new ingredient which is odorless,
asteless and colorless. It embraces all
the best qualities of the soothing, lax
ative, strengthening and healing rem
edial active principles of the best
known intestinal rezulator tonics.
Rexall Orderlies a.re extremely
pleasant to take, are particularly
prompt and agreeable in action. may
be taken at any time, day or night;
do not cause dia-rrhoea, nausea,
griping, excessive looseness, or other
undesirable effects. They have.a very
natural action upon the glands and'
organs with whierh they come in con
tact, act as a positive and regulative
tonic upon the relax, dry muscular
coat of the bowel, remove irritation,
dryness and soreness, overcome weak-.
nees, and tone and strengthen the
nerves and muscles, and restore the:
bowels and associate organs to more
vigorous and healthy activity.
Rexall Orderlies not only eure con
of this ailment. They also overcome
the necessity of constantly taking
laxatives to keep the bowels in nor,
- Tphere is .really no similar medicine
so good as Rexall Orderlies, especial
ly for children, aged and delicate
persons. They are prepared in tab
let form and in two sizes of packages;
12 tablets, 10 c., and 36 tablets, 25c.
Gilder & Weeks', Newberry, S. C.
The Secret of Long Life.
A French scientist has discovered
one secret of long life. His method
deals with the blood. But long ago
millions of Amerieans had proved
Electric Bitters prolongs life and
makes it worth living. It purifies, en
riches and vitalizes the blood, rebuilds
wasted nerve cells, imparts life and
tone to the entire system. It 's a god
send to weak, sick and debilitated
people. ''Kidney trouble had blighted
my life fo.r months,'' writes W. M.
Sherman, of Cushing, Me., ''but Elec
tric Bitters cured me entirelv.'' 50e.
at W. E. e1ham & Son's.