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VOL XLVI NO 7; NEWBERRY, 6. .. TCESDAY. SEPTEMBER 14. 1909 TWICE A WEEK. $1.50 A YEAR
NE~WS OF POMARIA.
Cotton Selling at 12:30.-Rain at
Last.-As to Roads.-People
Coming and Going.
Pomaria. Sept. 13.--The dust is
settled at last; good shower on last
Miss Eloise Young, who will teach
the Bundriek school, opens her school
next Monday, ,the 20th. Miss Young
is a most excellent teacher.
There has been about 180 bales of
cotton ginned at t'his place this sea
son aid about 220 ba-les sold on an
average price of 12:30. Good price for
cotton, if the cotton crop is off one
third, and at t-he present price the
farmers will realize as much for their
cotton as if it was a full crop.
Mrs. Bowie and daughter, of An
derson, who have been on a visit to
Mr. and Mrs. B. M. Setzler, returned
home last Saturday.
Mrs. J. J. Hentz and Mr. Eugene
Hentz returned home last Saturday
from a visit to Renno. Mrs. Eugene
Hentz having chills and fever caused
her to remain at Renno for awhile
Mr. Ed Feagle and Miss Lurline
Aull and brot'her, Herbert, went to
Newberry Sunday. Mr. Feagle re
turned on Sunday night.
The gypsy is in our midst. Some of
our people make good horse trades.
I mean in the gypsy's favor. One
man, I am told, traded a mule for a
horse and gave fifty dollars boot, and
aster getting home got dissatisfied
with his trade, took the horse back
and had to pay thirty-five dollars to
get his mule back. Who was the gain-,
erin that trade?
Mr. Perry Folk, son of Mr. M. H.
Folk, rettirned ,to his studies at Clem
son "olleze last Tuesday. this being
-his second yea-r at that institutio.
This makes the third son of Mr. M.
H. Folk. who has gone to Clemson
eplege. It is .ertainly a fine instu
Miss Eugenia, daughter of Dr. E.
0. Hentz. returned yesterday to Due
West, where she will resume her
Mrs. Harris and son are still at
P,owman. Ga., where they 'have been
for some .time at the bedside of her
son, Horace, who has been very low
Mr.. J. L. Graham, wife and little
daughter, spent last Sunday with Mrs.
Hentz 's family at Walton.
Mr. A. I. Sheely and family,. of
Newberry, have been on a visit to
Mr. Jesse Sheelv 's family. The many
friends of Mr. Sheely were glad to see
him .ora again, after so long a spell
Mr. R. HI. Hipp went on a business
trip to Columbia. on last Thursday.
If there is a day when nobody on
the place is rushed with work. send
out a team with a plough and a road
drag for a few hou'rs.
The ffirst of September -has come
and gone and now. Mr. Supervisor,
what siborit the overseers who have
failed to work t'heir roads. Now let 's
see if you will put your words into
pratce, when you said von would
prosente the overseers who did not
work the road by that .time. Now, Mr.
Sunervsor. vou have the chance, and
believe vou are a man. who will stand
to the rack, fodder or no fodder, do
our duty regardless of feelings, ir
resective of person. .and you will be
the gainer by it.
Mrs. W. E. Koon, who has been on1
a visit to relatives at Swansea, O.r
angeurg count,v, has returned home.
Tue fight is on ,between Dr. Cook
and Commander Peary, the two great
explorers, who elaim to be successful
n reahing the North Pole. Now, if
the famous English seientist, Sir.
Robert Ball. and Otto Tittman, su
verintendenlt of the Coast and Geo
deti, surver. believe that Dr. Cook
~id succeed. who of us are in a posi
,-ion to donht it. while others claim
that Peary was sn.ecessful.so probably
both will get the 'honor.
Stoney Battery pl:ayed or e.nossed
ot o' Pomaria diamond on last Sat
urday, 0laving 10 to 0 m1 favyo. of
Pomaria. This ends the base ball for
Mr. James A. Riser is sick with ty
phol at this writing.
FIFTEEN CENTS FOR COTTON.
Resolutions Adopted Favoring Com
pulsory Education and Another
Favoring Good Roads.
Birming'ham, Ala., Sept. 11.-While
nothing was given out officially it was
sai.d that the National Farmers' un
ion fixed the minmum price of cotton
at 15 cents per pound before final ad
The convention to-day adopted a
resolution in favor. of compulsory
education, and also adopted a -resolu
tion favoring sta-te and national aid
for good roads. The farmers went on
record as ,being willing to put forth
their best efforts for road improve
A Marriage Amidst Mountains,- Pis
turesque in its Sublimity.
S-unday afternoon. Sept. 5. 1909
Down .the long corridors of time there
is one scene recorded in sacred Writ
that has lived for all ages in Vhe heart
of mankind. Nations have passed in
to oblivion, proud Empires. witth all
their wealth and glory have tottered
into nothingness, but the story of
Eden with its paths of love and sor
row is felt in every home and land un
der the sun, whether hearts and ha:nds
are joined in holy wedloek or by sav
age rite. no matter if seoffed at and
mocked by infidel, its mysterious
truth is felt in .the heart throbs that
beat in a man's breast when t'he wo
man he loves is called 'wife.' "For,
as it was in the beginning is now and
ever shall be."
On last Sunday afternoon Maigie
Ledbetter. the youngest of teh living
daug!hters, was married to Jasper A.
Lamb. of Horace, N. C.. bY Rev. Wil
cox. of St. Luke' Church. tle Episco
pal cler-yman of this Mission. This
Child bride o-f seventeen ye-Ars. gowned
i;l simple white. surrounded hv her
sisters and loving parents. wi.Th banks
of native fl-,wers. thoughtful friends
had arranzed a.s a bower before which
they knelt for prayer. was a picture
in keeping witth a pla--e where Nature
has lavished her charms. And nowhere
else could we h:ave been so impressed
as we gazed on the sunset floodinz .the
land with a glory unspeakable. send
ing shafts of golden glow among or
ehards bending with red apples and
fields of . golden rod. that were as
she~s of gold beneath tall ethestnut
trees, in which the night birds kept
time to the cadlence of th:e mountain
On the South a silent sentinel.
Phimnev Rock's great dome.
While in between, wi.th ceasless moan,
Broad river sweeps along.
Siging the refrain that ihas
For centaries .been its song.
While crystal streams flow in the
With cadence sweet and low, .
Kissing the brookle.t's pebbled beds.
As seaward on they go.I
TO EAISE FUNDS
BY COUNTY BONDS.
Counties Which Are Prepared to
Spend Money for Roads Building
and Road Maintaining Should
First Learn what Types of
Highways Are Best Suited
to Traffic and ClimaticI
Logan Waller Page. Director of the
Office of Public Roads of the U. S.
Department of Agriculture, has ap
peared before the State Legislatures
and county boards in various sections
of the country during the past few
wmm , n re=nonse to~ invita,tions to
tel whi + m"e+. ids are best for ob-I
taininz funds fo;r oad construction
.nd w th'e row n ~ould be main
taned after they have~ once been se
At the present time there are two
"rr -inzfl methods of r''i-ing funds
for these pu'porea. but Director Pate
blieves the before plans are set on
foot for 2isinle funds, much should
hy' sia rc'rding2 the manner in which
e voters of a i'vnt'- showv a readi
.. .d -, merous~ sum ml im
provne- t'>eir roads, it is of para
mount imnortance to .them to first as
eertain what class of roads should be
t hould not be assumed that sim
ply because a county owns quarries
from which irap or liimestone rock
can be secured that the exqpensive
macaam inmust be buiht. Tie qualifi
cations of any rock cannot be definite
lV decided1 ui4on until la,boratory
tests have 11pen held. Much money
has been almost thrown away in this
county. "however, on the construction
of rock-surfaced roads. those haing
the construction in charge neglecting
to call in .the services of expert chem
ists. and using roek totally unsuited
to their traffic or climatic conditions.
In many. many cases, the results were
disastrous, the roads quickly raveling
and going to pieces because the ce
menting value was lacking.
A county which shows suffieien't
progress to bond itself in a liberal
amount for the purpose of securing
improved roads should keep its money
intact until -its offcers have learned
exactly what class of roads will best
meet its .requirements: what type of
road is best qualified to constru,t. and
what it can best afford. Those facts
can be secured through the aid of the
National Government. the Office of
Public Roads standing ready to give
ratuitous advice and to supply skill
ed hiahway engineers who are quali
fied to tell what type of 'highway
would best meet tha.t county's re
quirements and to demonstrate those
decisions by supervising the building
of stretches of model highways. after
which local officials may take. pattern.
Wide-awake State and county offi
ei,ils are now showing the liveliest ap
preciation of the results which follow
visit by these skilful men. and the
demands for t1heir services are so
heavv that it is impossible for Direc
tor Page to meet more than 20 per
eent. of the requests being filed in his
When county officers learn to ap
preciate the fact that road building
is an art. they will rely more and
more upon expert advice and scientific
demonstration, and when they have
learned what class of roads is desir
able, they will cons-truct them and
then guard them.
Thrc-ein lies one of the most im
portant of all American highway
quetions. Americans build as good
roads as Englishmen or Frenchmen,
but Laving done so, they rest content
ed with their efforts and let each pass
ing breath of- air, speeding automo
bile. or drenching rain blow or wash
the road surface away.
In the coun,tries of Europe, where
the well-nigh perfect roads are the
piide of the citizens and the envy and
adiration of visiting Americans,
most jealous care is constantly given;
a careful day-by-day inspee.tion is
made and: every depression is quickly
filled and all inequialities rolled or
Two requisite's, therefore, confront
the county supervisors at the outset
first ,to ascertain what roads would be
most suitaible to that particular sec
tion, and to provide for funds to ex
spend in their maintenance af.ter comn
Those are vastly important and the
Nation's very small percentage of im-!
proved roads is due largely t'o a fail
ure to give consideration -to them.
Millions of money have been wasted.in
building roads whielh local conditions
rade impracticable and out of all
ost proportion to the county 's reve
There are exceptions .to all rules,
however, and Pike County, Alabama,
tands as a glittering exception to the
usual construction blunder. There the
ounty officials had :planned .t.o expend
a la ge sum in the building of gravei
W. L. Spoon, United States Super
intendent of Road Construction, be
in sent to make an in.spection of .the
ounty's road possibilities, learned
that 700 miles of important routes
needed improvement. He figured tha.t
the cost of gravel roads would be
$3,000 a mile-plainly a sum greater
than the county could be bonded for.
Conditions, however, were ideal for
sand-cly construction and he strong
ly urged i.:s adoption. P>y a legal
)roso t':ie county could be bonded
f fr onl y 3 1-2 per cent um of the as
sse~c value of the real and p)ersonial
property. The plan was dlecided upon
nd an issue of $143.000) was voted.
.ne hundred thousand dolla rs worth
of bonds were q1uickly sold. being dis
oed of in $50,000 allotmen.ts.
~he first allotment b)rougiht a p)re
i,m of $623 and the second one of
$825. Forty thousand dollars was at i
once spent for mules and road-build
ing machinery and work was star-ted.
With the sum remaining, 118 miles
of the finest sand-clay roads in the
Soutih had ,been built within two years
from the date of the bo.nd issue; a
generous sum was still on hand; eight
gangs were at work, and the people
were so pleased that t-hey stood ready
to take up the remaining issue of
$43,000 and e.vpend it in the same
It is the belief of the Director of
the Office of Public Roads that such
facts should be impressed upon the
people of all counties desirous of ex
tending and improving tiheir high
ways before actual work is under
way. When that has been done, he is
warmly in favor of the raising of
funds by issuing county bonds with
the restrictions which the Virginia
Highway Law imposes, viz: that all
moneys so raised shall be spent un
der the watchful sapervision of a
State Highway Commissio,er, be
cause otiherwi.se the money may be
Many farmers fear a bond issue as
they do the visit of the chinch bug
or the Kansds grasshopper, but the
benefi.ts they derive from that meth
od of raising money for road improve
ment are far-reaching and immediate,'
while the individual tax on each is
so small that it is scarcely .noticeable.
In reality, borrowing money t:hrough
the sale of bonds is like buying a
house, a farm, or a business on the in
stallmen.t plan. The purchaser re
ceives the object at once and derives
the benefits from it while paving for
it. As the benefits derived from per
feeted highways cover long periods
of time, fairness and equity demand
that the rising generation should bear
a portion of the cost and that tihe in
creased citizenship. always attracted
to the locality by a system of good
roads, should also aid in paying for
the added benefits.
Besides that, there is a financial
wisdom in floating county bonds for
road improvement. In many eases
t.hose bonds sell at a premium, and
everybody in-terested gains a bene
fit. In some Southern States good
road bonds have brought a price so
high that the premium -h.as wiped. out
two or three years' interest on .tihe
pjrincipal. In Bradley County, Ten
nessee, but a few years ago the su
pervisors voted a bond issue of $90,
000. Those bonds bore interest at the
rate of five per cen.t. S: entenuiastie
were the citizens for road improvement
and so much confidence did they have
in the locality ip whic!h they lived,
that the premium was $20,000: the
cash sales placing in the county treas
It has,been ascertained by' the Office
of Public Roads, the Bureau of the1
Federal Census, and the land and in
dustrial divisions of twelve great
railroads, that the building of modern
highways immedia.tely er!hances the
value of the property through which
they run to a marked extent. This
increase is estimated by the most con
servative a.t $2 an aere, and by the
more enthusiastic at $9. All concede,
however, that the increase is immedi
ate and inevi.table. Place the aereage
of t!he -rural portion of a county,
.therefore, at 200,000 acres and the in
reased valua.tion due to the construe
tion of better highways at bdt $4.50
r,A acre, and it will be seen that the
property holders whose land is to be.
thus benefited would gain not less
t>an $900,000- So great an increase
in the assessed valuation of a coun
t would certainly seem to constitute
a powerful argument in favor of a
liberal first expenditure.
From An Author's Journal.
I don 't dine on ineense: I eat beef
--when I'can raise the price.
I don't wear long hair. This is a
business age, and that 's what I am
My fall book has been announced,
but I trust it won 't fail too f,ar.
Mv novels live about a year each.
but that is long enough to paiy the
Natur ally, I have great hopes for the
fu.:re of American literatu:e, as I
am writing a great deal of it. F. L. S.
MIow do vou over-comne insomnia .
"Sav the mnult-iplicat ion table uip
to 12 times 12."
'But I can 't get the baby to learun
it ''-...Cleveland Leader
SLEEPS BENEATH FLOWEES.
Troops of Loving Friends Lay the
Body of James T. Bacon in the
Edgefield, .Sept. 10.-The ,body of
Col. Bacon was laid to rest in Willow
Brook cemetery to-day at 1 o'clock.
The entire town and community and
a host of sorrowing friends from a
distance came to pay t.he last sad
tribute to the dead. So great was the
throng that only a small fraction
could gain admission to the church
and the yard and streets were crowd
ed. The floral tributes were plenteous
and most exquisite and never was
Trinity church more beautifully dec
orated. Loving hands had draped in
white the organ over which he had
presided for forty years.
The services were conducted by the
Rev. Royal Shannonhouse, his pastor,
assisted by the Rev. Ernest Cornish of
Charleston. The e" el was occupied
by all of the ministers' of the town.
Touching tributes were -'aid to his
memory by Revs. Royal . Shannon
house and Ernest Cornish. Dr. C. E.
Burts, of the Baptist church, Rev. L.
G. Gillespie of the Me,thodist church,
Rev. E. P. Burgess of the Presbyte
rian church, ex-Gov. Sheppard, Hon.
E. H. Aull of Newberry, Hon. E. B.
Nicholson, Editor Mims of the Adver
tiser and S. McG. Simkins. Edgefield
has done all she could to honor the
memory of her best beloved son and
he will sleep to-night beneath a pyra
mid of flowers.
James T. Bacon.
Editorial Columbia State.
About three weeks ago a member
of the staff of the State, who had for
many years enjoyed a very deligh<tful
intimacy with Mr. James T. Bacon, re
elved a letter from him inclosing a
letter for publiea.tion in the Sunday
State made up of clippings from the
FEgefield Chronicle. The personal
letter was an apology for his failure
to write something. especially for 'the
State of the coming Sunday, and it
said: "I am sick. Yesterday, I dug the
grave, with my own hands, of a child
-a little negro. There was no one,
else to do it." The letter gave no fur
There was illustrated the character
of this brave old gentleman, born to
wealth and luxury and destined for
poverty and hardship, but rich al
ways in gracious humor that wnade ev
ery path easier for his neighbors and
lightened' all the burdens of his
friends. He fea.red;kne danger; he
shunned no . sacrifices.' In the latrer
years we have had in South Carolina
few minds so gifted a'nd yet so modest
was he and so content to move among
his own friends and give his labor
and his talents ~to them that he was
an old man before his uncommon mer
its received casual 'recognit'on in his
own State. Poor in the world's goods,
"ignorant as a baby of the value of
a dollar'' (how often have we heard
him say it!), his sense of humor was
so broad and perceiving that he could
be .tolerant of every human frailty and
sympathetic with every human fault.'
It seemed that through all that he said
and wrote laughter rippled but 'it was
tempered with a gentle melody that.
soothed and healed. He was wise be
yond his generat.ion, he was a philoso-1
pher whose comradeship was welcom..I
ed among the choicest spirits, bat it
was his wish to yield without stint
of all that he had to his own people,
--to be at hand-forgettinig hi's age
and his infirmities, to dig the grave of
a little negro child, though it cost his
life. "where there was no one else
to do it.'' So he was one of those
of whom it may be said:
"He scarce had need to doff his
pride or slough the dress of Earth
E 'en as he trod that day to God, so
walked he from 'his birth.
In simnpleness and gentleness and
honor and clean mirth."
I.i. Regemberi 20t". nine A. M. I
w\il h)e in .:he n& ""orn nine to eler~
en n Tnrv. rua '' rnd Satuir
day previous t: ti'e onening fo the
purpose of w&'"* ne PfllSt:
their respective gra
W. A. Stueker.
BRUTALLY EAT CIL.
L. A. Matthews Arrested for Chastis
ing Elizabeth Morrow.-Girl's
Injuries Not Fatal.
Spartanburg, Sept. 9.-Terribly
bruised and cut with an unmerciful
beating administered by her foster
father, L. A. Matthews, Miss Eliza
beth Morrow slipped away from the
Matthews >home on Pollard street at 4
o'clock this morning and sought ref
uge at the home of Mr. P. J. Doeken
dorff, a neighbor, living on Morgan
avenue. Matthews is alleged to have
beaten his adopted daughter because
she allowed young mn to .talk with
her at the box office of the Magic the
atre, where. she sold ticets. It is said
that Matthews began beating Mi
Morrow about 1:30 o'elock this morn
ing and continued beating her for.
about an hour. The whipping was ad
ministered with a hickory stick and
in the presence of Mrs. Matthews.
-The young lad4 was called up out
of 'her bed by Matthews and made to
take the brutal punishment he admi-n
istered without clothing to protect
her in the least.
At a late hour to-night Dr. Banch
stated .that -he did not consider Miss
Morrow's injuries as extremely dan
gerous, but that she was fearfully
bruised and her nervous system all
broken up. She will need days of quiet
rest and careful attention.
The whippin" of Miss Morrow was
reported to Chief of Police Hall this
morning early, and as a result Capt.
Bobo and Officer Nolen arrested Mat
thews about midday in front of the
Magic theatre and locked him up in
the city jail. Later in the day a war
rant was sworn out before Magistrate
Wetmore by Chief Hall charging
Matthews with assault and battery of
a high and aggravated nature. Bond
was fixed at $500 and made good by
Messrs. 0. L. Johnson and Joe Miller.
The New Idea Woman's Magazine
David Belasco tells "How I Der
veloped a Star," in the New Idea
Woman's Magazine for October. Tihe
producer of realistic drama describes
how he has studied life in slum, and
street, and hospital, and how he has
made use of the knowledge gained
at first hand in training women to de
In this number Anne 0O'Hagan
wrtes of " The Profession as a Social..
Asset'' and William Atherton D>uPuy
describes tihe evolution of " The Con
solidated Rural School.'' Rose Mac
Rae's observations eonerning "The
Girl and tie Newspaper Game'' will
be of deep interest to young women
who cherish an ambition to enter
One of the important features of
the month is Annette Gordon's bril
liant picture of -the home of/Williami
Northup McMillan in East Afriea.
"With Roosevelt's Hosts in the Jun
gle, '' will throw a fascinating side
light upon one of the visiting places
of .the ex-President. Two other notes
wor!hy articles are "Unknown Wives
of Well-Known Actors'' by Ada Pat
terson and "Eighteen a Week and
Happiness for Two'' by Katherine
The fiction for the 'month includes
"A Husband for Rosamond,'' by Una
Hudson. "The Little Fat One,'' by
Si Sin Far, and "The Suppressed
Initerview,'' by Arthur W. March
mont. The serial story, "The Heir
Apparent,"',by Grace Eleanore Town
drow, is continued.
Hallowe 'en receives special at ten
tion. There are many clever sugges
tions for games and entertainments.
T6e fashions are reviewed and sump
The October number of the New
T4a. Woman 's Magazine is one of
t.e mnost attractive and most enter
taining of the curren.t periodicals. It
& bri.ght, progressive and well writ
n. 1: (-overs a wide field of interest.
Iknow a land of rest for all,
ost excellent for camping;
Where through the forest primeval
The startled deer go stamping.
Where trout go leaping up the fal.ls
Of merry, rushing ,brooklets;
Where nature, sweet-voiced nature,
IT' -n the r-ilrmad brooklets.