Newspaper Page Text
By Dr. FREDERICK A. COOK
+ Copyright. 1909, by the New York
i Herald Company. Registered In
* Canada In Accordance With Copy
* right Act. Copyright In Mex
1-co Under Laws of the Republic
. of Mexico. All Rights Reserved
++ + 0-+040+ 0 .++00
HE expedition was equipped at
Gloucester. Mass. All was ready
on the evening of July 3. 1901.
Ashore boys were testing their
fireworks for the morrow of celebra
tion. but aboard. as our vessel. the
John R. Bradley. withdrew from the
pier, all was quiet. ThOre were no
visiting crowds of curiositV seekers.
No tooting wvhistles si.nalized our de
An arctic expedition had been born
without the usual public bombast.
There was. indeed, no excuse for
clamor. Neither the help of the gov
ernment nor the contributions of pri
vate individuals had been sought. The
project was quietly given life and its
expenses were paid by John R. Brad
ley. Its destiny was shaped by the
Mr. Bradley was interested in game
animals of the north. I was interested
in the game of the polar quest. For
the time being the business concerned
us only. If the venture proved suc
cessful there would be time enough to
raise the banner of victory. If it fail
ed none had the privilege of heaping
upon us the unmerited abuse which
usually comes to the returning polar
In a brief month all had been pre
pared for the peculiar mission. We
had purchased a strong Gloucester :ish
ing schooner. fitted with a motor, cov
ered for ice and loaded down with
suitable supplies for a prolonged pe
One morning the bold cliffs of Cape
York were dimly outlined in the gray
mist which scpeened the land. -A storm
had carried so much ice against the
coast that a near approach was im
possible. and continued winds kept up
a sea which madle it equally a difficulty
to land on the ice.
In Ice Free Polar Waters.
Though anxious to meet the natives
at Cape York. we were forced to turn
and set a course for the next village.
at North Star bay. At noon the sooty
clouds separated. and in the north
through the narrow breaks we saw the
steep slopes and warm color of crim
son cliffs resting on the rising water.
Darting through the air were count
less guillemots, gulls, little auks and
eider ducks. We were in the ice free
north waters, where creatures of the
sea find a marine oasis in midst of a
This kind of coast extends poleward
to the land's end. It is the abundant
sea life which makes human habita
tion just possible here, though land
animals are also important.
The people of the farthest north are
crowded into a natural reservation by
the arctic ice wall of Melville bay in*
the south and the stupendous line of
cliffs of Humboldt glacier in the north.
Home of the Eskimos.
Widely scattered in small villages,
the northernmost Eskimo finds here a
- good living. A nar-row band of rocky
land between the laud ice and the sea
offers grasses upon which feed ptarmi
gan-, hare and caribous.
Numerous eliffs and islands afford a
resting place in summer for myriads
of marine birds that seek the small
life of the icy waters. Blue and white
foxes wander every where. Seal. walrus.
narwhal and white whale sport in the
.summer sun, while the bear, king of
- the polzur wilds, roams over the sea at
The ya'-br dodged the icebergs and
danaer~ous rocks in the fog about
Cape Athmo!. theni turned eastward to
cross WVolsten holmen sound.
As we neared Table mountain.
Which gU:is Notth Star bay. many
ntives carne out in kayaks -to meet
us. Some were recognized as old
:friends. There was .Myah, he of mianv
wives: Oobhloiah, who hamd executed
.Angoogibsamh. styled the villain by
Gibson~ at Redelitffe House, and Pin
'coota. husbanmd of tiie queen, ini whose
family ar-e to be found the only by
brid children of the tribe.
Later. Knud Rasmussen. a D)anish
writer. living as a native among the
people, camne aboard. With him we
:got better acquainted during the win
'Late at night a v-isit was made to
the town of Oomanooi. There were
seven triangular sealskin tents, con
veniently placed on picturesque rocks.
Gathered about these in large ntum
'bers were meu. women and childrmen.
shivering in the midni&:ht chill.
*They were odd looking specimens of
humanity. In height the men aver
aged but five .feet two inches and the
women four feet ten inches. All had
bhroad, -fat faces. ,heavy trunks and
'well rounded limbs. Their skin was
h~Jtly bronzed. Men and women
had coRi. black hair and brown eyes.
The nose was short, and the hands
and feet were short, but thick.
There was not much news to ex
change. After we had gone ever the
list of marriages and deaths the luck
of the chase became the topic of con
It was a period of monogamy.
Myah had exchanged a plurality of
wives for a largrer team of dogs. and
there was but one other nuil in the
tribe with two wvives.
Women were rather scarce. Several
mnarriageable men were forced to fore-(
go the advantages of married life be
of the PoleI
0 Explorer's Own Account :
+ of His JoUrney to the
+ Goal ---Qinn fdve"- e
(FiRST ARICLE] +
0+04+. .0o+ +-ce+e+e+etO- @+04
cause there wver*e not enough wives for
all. By mutual agreement several men
had exchanged wives. in other cases
women had chosen other pariiiers. and
the changes were made seemingly to
the advantage of all, for no regrets
There was an average of three fat,
clever children for each family, the
youngest, as a rule, resting in a pocket
on the mother's back.
Dwellings of the Eskimos.
The tent had a raised platform upon
which all slept. The edge of this made
a seat, and on each side were placed
stone lamps, in which blubber was
burned, with moss as a wick. Over
this was a drying rack, and there was
On board the yacht there had been
busy days of barter. Furs and ivory
had been gathered in heaps in ex
change for guns, knives and needles.
Every seaman from cabin boy to cap
tain had suddenly got rich in the gam
ble of trade for prized blue fox skins
and narwhal tusks.
The Eskimos were equally elated
wIth their end of ths bargain. For a
beautiful foxskin of less use to a na
tive than a dog pelt he has secured a
pocket knife that would serve him half
A woman had exchanged her fur
pants, worth a hundred dollars, for a
red pocket handkerchief, with which
she would decorate her head and igloo
for years to come.
The midnight tide lifted the yacht on
an even keel from her makeshift dry
dock on the beach, and she was pulled
DR. FREDERICK A. COOK.
out into the bay and anchored for a
few hours. Oomanooi was but one oi
six villages in which the tribe had di
vided its 230 people for the current
To study the people, to further en
courage tla game of barter and to en
joy the rare sport of yachting and
hunting in man's northernmost haunts
we p'repared to visit as many villages
In the morning the anchor was rais
ed, and the yacht set sail to a light
wind headed for more northern vil
Ducks were secured in abundance.
Seals were given chase, but they were
able to escape our craft. Nearing
Saunders island a herd of walrus was
seen on a pan of drift ice far ahead
of the yacht.
Two with splendid tusk-s were ob
tained. and two tons of meat blubber
were turned oer to our Eskimo al
An Eskimio Widow's Story.
Amronie ! he Eskimn-o passengers p)aC
ing the deck was aI widow. who, in)
tears. 101h us !!- s!'ry of her life-a
story whri e der-ed a peep into the
comedy. and tragedy of Eskimo exist
ene. She had arranged a den under
a shelter of sealIskins among the an
cor chains. We had offered her a
large bed. with st ra w in it, and a
p)lace between deck-s as a better nest
for her br-ood of youngsters. but she
refused. saying she preferred the open
air on deck.
She had come from American shores.
and. as a for-ign belle, her hand was
sought e-arly. At t hirteen Ik-wa intro
duced her to a wVe'ded life not strewn
with b,lubbier. li. wvas e-ruel and not
Two. girls gra(-ed their home. One
was nowv married. When the young
est was out of her hood. Ik-wa took
the children and invited her- to leave,
saying that he' had taken to wife
htah. a plump maid ar a a good
Mlanee had neither advantage. but
she kn"ew sometlhing oif hiumi:mn nature.
and soon found annothe.r husband. a
ood d''al older. 1~ hur eter than the
frst. Their iire was ar hard on.e. for
Nordinowa h was: !not a goo'd hunter.
but h"ir hiiuwa wans .eaceabPle, qUiet
and happy~.. Two '-hildren enlivened
it. oth were at her- side on the
aclw,- a ho of eight. the only deaf
and dumb Eskinio Di all The land, ag
a Thin, pale weak.ling oftr.
Bioth had beenl oondeMned by 1l'c
Eskimo law of the survival of the uIt
test, the first because of insufficient
senses and the second because it was
under three and still on its mother's
back when the father passed away.
They were not to participate in the
strife of life. But an unusual mother
A few days before the previous win
ter the old father, anxious to provide
warm bearskins for the prolonged
night, had ventured alone far up into
the mountains. His gun went off ac(:i
dentally, and he never returned.
The executor of the brother of Ma
nee's former husband was kind to
her for the long night and kept fam
ine from her door. In the sunner
day she had been able to keep herself,
but who could provide for her for
the night to come? Her only resource
was to seek the chilled heart of her
former husband, and we were per
forming the unpleasant mission of
taking her to him as wife No. 2.
When we later saw Ikwa he did not
thank us for the trouble we had taken,
but we had expected no reward.
The speed of the yacht increased as
the night advanced. A sntw squall
frosted the decks, and to escape the
icy air we sought our warm berths
early. At 4 o'clock in the morning
the gray gloom separated and the
warm sun' poured forth a suitable
wealth of August rays.
At this time we passed the ice bat
tered and storm swept cliff of Cape
Parry. Beyond was Whale sound. On
a sea of gold, strewn with ice islands
of ultramarine and alabaster, whales
spouted and walrus shouted. The
grampus was out early for a fight.
Large flocks of little auks rushed over
on hurried missions.
Entering Inglefield Gulf.
The wind was light, but the engines
pulled us along at a pace just fast
enough to allow us to enjoy the superb
surroundings. In the afternoon we
were well into Inglefield gulf, and near
Ittiblu there was a strong head wind
and enough ice about to engage the
eye of the lookout.
We aimed here to secure Eskimo
guides and with them seek caribou in
Olrick's bay. While the yacht was
tacking for a favorable berth in the
drift off Kanga the launch was low
ered and we sought to interview the
Eskimos of Ittiblu. There were only
one woman, a few children and about
a score of dogs at the place. The wo
man talked quickly and explained at
some length that her husband and
others were away on a caribou hunt.
and she told us without a leading ques
tion the news of the tribe for a year.
After gasping for breath like a smoth
ered seal, she began with news of pre
vious years and a history of the for
gotten ages. We started back for the
launch, and she invited herself to the
pleasure of our company to the beach.
An Eskimo Trade.
We had only gone a few steps before
it occurred to her that she was in need
of something. Would we not give her
a few boxes of matches in exchange
for a narwhal tusk? We would be de
lighted, said Mr. Bradley, and a hand
ful of sweets wvent with the bargain.
Her boy brought down two ivory
tusks, each eight feet in length. The
two were worth $150.
Had we g k<nife to spare? Yes, and
a tin spoon was also given just to
show that we were liberal.
The yacht was headed northward
across Inglefield gulf. It is necessary
for deep sea craft to give Karnah a
wide berth. There were bergs enough
about to hold the water down, though
an occasional sea rose with a sicken
The launch towed the dory, of which
Manee and her children were the only
Karnah was to be her future home.
and as we nearied the shore we tried to
locate Ik-wa. but there was not a man
in town. Five women, fifteen children
and forty-five dogs came out to meet
us. The meni were on a hunting cam
paign, and their location was not ex
Attahtungwah, 31anee's rival, a -fat,
unsociable creature, stood on a useful
stone, where we chose to land, and did
not accommodate us with footing on
the same platform.
A Thrifty Eskimo Camp.
There were five sealskin tents pitch
ed amiong the bowlders of a glacial
stream. An immense quantity of n-ar
whal meat was placed on the rocks
andi stone~s to dry. Skins were stretch
ed on the grass, and a general air of
thrift was shown about the p)lace.
Bundles of sealskins, packages of
pelts and much ivory were brought out
to trade and establish friendly inter
course. We gave them,,sugar, tobacco
and ammunition in quantities to suit
their own estimate of value.
The fat woman entered her tent, and
we saw no more of her during our
tay, for she did not venture to trade
Ias did the others. 3Manee was kindly
Itreated by the other village folk, and a
pot steaming with oily meat was soon
served in her honor. We were cor
dially invited to p)artake of the feast,
but had a convenient excuse, just hav
ing finished a meal
Would we not place ourselves at
ease and stay for a day or two, as their
husbands would soon return? We were
forced to decline their hospitality, for
without the harbor tlm~' was too
much wind to keep the yacht waiting.
Eskimos have no system of- saluta
tion except :a greeting smile- or a p)art
in~ look of regret. We got both at the
saei& time as we stclppedt into the
lanch anmd shoutedl goudhy.
Abloard. the ena in wl ~as tol to p)ro
reed t.o (ape. l:'betson1. 'The Wind
aedi. :a fo-. an me] (ver fromi the inland
ice aind blot ted out the hm udsca Pe down
to ab)out a thousand feet, but under
this the air was clear.
This being our twent -:i:th e::r
of uninterrupted succcss, We wish it
to be our "Banner Year."
Our thousands of satisfied cus
tomers, and fair dealing, is bringing
us new customers daily.
If you are contemplating the pur
chase of -. Piano or Organ, w 4-te us
at once for catalogs, and for our
Malone's Music House,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
County of Newberry.
BY Frank M. Schumpert. E.-q.. Pro
Whereas Laura P. Moore hati made
suit to me. to grant her Letters of
Administration of the Estate of and
effects of Jacob D. Moore.
These are therefore to cite and ad
monish all and singular the kindred
and Creditors of the said Jacob D.
Moore, deceased, that they ,be and
appear before me, in the Court of
Probate, -to be held at Newberry, S.
C., on the 18th day of September next
after publication thereof, at 11 o'clock
in the forenoon, to show cause, if any
they have, why the said Administra
tion should not be granted.
Given under my Hand, this 1st day
of September Anno Domini. 1909.
Frank M. Schumpert,
J. P. N. C.
To New York and Return Via
For the Hudson-Fulton Celebration,
New York. September 25 to Oteober
11, 1909. the Southern Railway an
nounces round trip excursion rates as
Augusta, Ga. ................$26 35
Abbeville, S. C. 24 70
Aiken. S. C. ................ 26 05
Anderson, S. C. 25 00
Batesburg, S. C. ............. 24 85
Belton, S. C. ............... 24 25
Calhoun, S. C. .............. 24 85
Donalds. S. C. ............... 24 25
Easley. S. C. ....... 24 25
Edgefield, S. C. ............25 75
Graniteville, S. C. .........25 90
Greenville, S. C. .......---.23 80
Greenwood. S. C. ........... 24 25
Newberry, S. C. ............ 23 93
Prosperity. S. C. ........... 23 95
Seneca. S. C.( ...........25 00
Wahalla. S. C............. 25 30
Tickets on sale September 23rd to
30th i-nelusive. good returning until
midnight October 10th leaving New
Through Pullman sleeping cars
and dining c.ar service. For further
information apply to ticket agents
Southern Railway, or,
W. E. McG'ee.
'T. P. A.. Augusta. Ga.
J. L. Meek,
A. G. P. A, Atlanta, Ga ,
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF NEWBERRY.
Court of Common Pleas.
Willie E. Stuck, in her own right and
as Administratrix of the goods,
chattels, rights and credits of Uriahi
J. Stuck, deceased, Plaintiff,
Jackson Stuck. William Stuck, Adam
Fulmer Stuck, Lula Pearl~ Stuck,
Peggy Elizabeth Stuck, Callie Boyd
Stuck. and The Newberry Loan and
Security Company, Defendants.
By an order of the Court herein,
I will sell~ to the highest bidder, be
fore the Court House. at Newberry,
S. C., within the legal hours of sale,
on Monday, Salesday, October 4th,
1909, all that piece. parcel or tract of
land lying and being situate in New
erry County, State of South Caro
lina, containing eighty three (83)
cres, more or less. bounded now, or
formerly. as follows: On athe North
by lands of Ton Williams. on the
as h: l.mds ot' A. K. Haskell and
Lindsay D)ominiek. on the South by
lands of Hi. W. Whitaker, being sepa
rated thjerofrom by publie road, and
n the West by .public road, known as
the Mendenhall Mill road. same be
ing- the tract of land conveyed to the
said Uriah J. Stuck by G. B. Summer.
Terms of Sale: One-half of the
purchase money to be paid in cash,
the balance in twelve months from
day of sale. the credit portion to be
secured byv bond of the purchaser and
a mortgage of the premise; sold, to
bear interest from day of sale unitil
paid in full at the rate of eight per
cent. per annuum. and the bond and
mortage given .by the purchaser to
provide for ten per cent. for attor
ncev's fees in case of collecetion by an
attorney or foreelosure. with leave
o the purchaser to anticipate the
eredit portion in whole or in p)art.
Preobaser' to pay for pap)ers and
H. H. Rikard. Master. *i
Set 8, -1909.
over with en1
They are so positive
the clothes which I
last few seasons. W
splendid things abc
You must see thei
a few to fully realize
they are. To cap
extremely high pric
considered they are
from refreshing Eng
The First Coog
*ven' thoiugh not ievere, has
tivememrane ofthe thr"
* oughs the?kC!1 coe air s'd
0dightesu col. Cure tIe first
lanugs. The best remedy
- oes the esne It fe
a chJiktafr&aadut.t 25 0
100 pairs worth $5.oo a pair
100 pairs worth $4.oo a pair
roo pairs wo,rth $3.00 a pair
roo pairs worth $2.0o a pair
10o pairs worth $1.25 a pair
Extra values and never o
need money, must have it, ai
line come and buy from
O. K LE
The Fair an
young man will bubble
busiasm when he sees
eristics English models
ly different from any of
iave been seen for the
e cannot say too many
ut thes': smart English
they're so deserving of
m. You must "try on"
how delightfully styled
the climax they're not
ed. Quality and style
signal va'ues. Made
lish and Scotch weaves
liof the Season,
a tendency to irritate th~e ser.4
tcnigh before it has a c'ytnce to*
ficate capilary air tubes of the
!;Q.-ICK R EL IEF COC'GB
it at the seat of tr. .uble an~d r
~rum MorpMne and is as are tr0
)tr the Greatest Values
Evar Shom .
d q aaitv Casimnere
s, tape covered crotch
~tseams, t wo pockets.
d watch pockets.
~oing at only $2 89
~oing at only $2.25
Toing~ at only . $r.79
~oing at only $1.39
oing at only 97c.
fered at such low prices. We
d if you need anything in car
I Square Dealer.